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Journals of General Conventions of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the United States, 1785-1835 (Volume 2) online

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they dwell, or within which there is seated a church to which they belong.
And no Clergyman having a Parish or Cure in more than one Diocese, shall
have a seat in the Convention of any Diocese other than that in which he

Canon XL. — Of the Use of the Book of Common Prayer.

Every Minister shall, before all sermons and lectures, and on all other
occasions of public worship, use the Book of Common Prayer, as the same is
or may be established by the authority < f the General Convention of this
Church. And in performing said service, no other prayers shall be used than
those prescribed by the said book.

Canon XLI. Of Forms of Prayer or Thanksgiving for
Extraordinary Occasions.

Sect. 1. The Bishop of each Diocese may compose forms of prayer or thanks-
giving, as the case may require, for extraordinary occasions, and transmit them
to each Clergyman within his Diocese, whose duty it shall be to use such forms
in his Church on snch occasions. And the Clergy in those States or Dioceses
or other places within the bounds of this Church, in which there is no Bishop,
may use the form of prayer or thanksgiving composed by the Bishop of any
other State or Diocese.

Sect. 2. "When there are three services in any Church on any day, the
Minister of the Parish may, for the third service, vary the office of evening
prayer, by selecting a special lesson or lessons, and by substituting for por-
tions of said office subsequent to the creed, other acts of devotion contained in
the Prayer Book.

Canon XLII. Of the due Celebration of Sundays.

All persons within this Church shall celebrate and keep the Lord's day, com-
monly called Sunday, in hearing the word of God read and taught, in pri-
vate and public prayer, in other exercises of devotion, and in acts of charity,
using all godly and sober conversation.

Canon XLIII. Of the Duty of Ministers to keep a Reg-

Sect. 1. Every Minister of this Church shall keep a register of baptisms,
confirmations, communicants, marriages, and funerals within his cure, agreea-
bly to such rules as may be provided by the ecclesiastical authority where his
cure lies; and if none such be provided, then in such a manner as, in his dis-
cretion, he shall think best suited to the uses of such a register.

And the intention of the register of baptisms is hereby declared to be, as
for other good uses, so especially for the proving of the right of Church
membership of those who may have been admitted into this Church by the
holy ordinance of baptism.

Sect. 2. And further, every Minister of this Church shall make out and
continue, as far as is practicable, a list of all families and adult persons within
his cure ; to remain for the use of his successor, to be continued by him, and
by every future Minister in the same Parish.

480 appendix. [1832.

Canon XLIY. Of a List of the Ministers of this Church.

Sect. 1. The Secretary of the General Convention shall keep a register of
all the Clergy of this Church, whose names shall be delivered to him, in the
following manner; that is to say, every Bishop of this Church, or, where there
is no Bishop, the Standing Committee of the Diocese shall, at the time of every
General Convention, deliver, or cause to be delivered, to the Secretary, a list
of the names of all the Ministers of this Church in their proper Diocese, annex-
ing the names of their respective cures, or of their stations in any colleges or
other seminaries of learning; or, in regard to those who have not any cures
or such stations, their places of residence only. And the said list shall, from
time to time, be published on the Journals of the General Convention.

Sect. 2. And further, it is recommended to the several Bishops of this
Church, and .to the several Standing Committees, that, during the intervals
between the meetings of the General Convention, they take such means of
notifying the admission of Ministers among them, as in their discretion re-
spectively, they shall think effectual to the purpose of preventing ignorant
and unwary people from being imposed on, by persons pretending to bo au-
thorized Ministers of this Church.

Canon XLV. Of the Mode of calling Special Meetings of
the General Convention.

Sect. 1. The right of calling special meetings of the General Convention
shall be in the Bishops. This right shall be exercised by the presiding Bish-
op, or in case of his death, by the Bishop who, according to the rules of the
House of Bishops, is to preside at the next General Convention ; provided that
the summons shall be with the consent, or on the requisition of a majority of
the Bishops, expressed to him in writiug.

Sect. 2. The place of holding any Special Convention shall be that fixed
on by the preceding General Convention for the meeting of the next General
Convention, unless circumstances shall render a meeting at such a place un-
safe ; in which case the presiding Bishop may appoint some other place.

Sect. 3. The deputies elected to the preceding General Convention, shall
be deputies at such special Convention, unless in those cases in which other
deputies shall be chosen in the meantime by any of the Diocesan Conventions,
and then such other deputies shall represent in the special Convention, the
Church of the Diocese in which they have been chosen.

Canon XLVL— Of the Mode of publishing Authorized
Editions of the Book of Common Prayer, &c.

Sect. 1. The Bishop of this Church in any Diocese, or, where there is no
Bishop, the Standing Committee, are authorized to appoint, from time to time,
some suitable person or persons to compare and correct all new editions of the
Common Prayer Book, the Articles, offices, and Metre Psalms and Hymns by
some standard book, and a certificate of their having been so compared and cor-
rected shall be published with said books. And in case any edition shall be
pnblished without such correction, it shall be the duty of the Bishop, or where
there is no Bishop, of the Standing Committee, to give public notice that such
edition is not authorized by the Church.

Sect. 2. The Duodecimo Edition of the Common Prayer Book, Articles,
Offices, Metre Psalms and Hymns, published by the New-York Protestant
Episcopal Press, in 1832, is hereby established as the standard, with the ex-
ception of errors evidently typographical; the correction of which errors is



confided to such person or persons as the Bishop or Standing Committee may
appoint for superintending any publication.

Canon XL VII.— Of the Mode of publishing Authorized
Editions of the Standard Bible of this Church.

The Bishop of this Church in any Diocese, or, where there is no Bishop, the
Standing Committee, is authorized to appoint, from time to time, some suitable
person or persons, to compare and correct all new editions of the Bible by the
standard edition, agreed upon by the General Convention. And a certificate
of their having been so compared and corrected, shall be published with said

Canon XL VIII. — Of the Mode of transmitting Notice of
all Matters submitted by the General Convention to the
Consideration of the Diocesan Conventions.

It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the General Convention, whenever
any alteration of the Constitution is proposed, or any other subject submitted
to the consideration of the several Diocesan Conventions, to give a particular
notice thereof to the ecclesiastical authority of this Church in every Diocese.

Canon XLIX. — Of the mode of securing an Accurate View
of the State of the Church from time to time.

Sect. 1. As a full and accurate view of the state of the Church, from time
to time, is highly useful and necessary, it is hereby ordered, that every Minis-
ter of this Church shall present or cause to be delivered, on or before the first
day of every annual Convention, to the Bishop of the Diocese, or, where there
is no Bishop, to the President of the Convention, a statement of the number
of Baptisms, Confirmations, Marriages and Funerals, and of the number of
Communicants in his Parish or Church, and of all other matters that may
throw light on the state of the same: and these parochial reports, or such
parts of them as the Bishop shall think fit, shall be read and entered on the
Journals of the Convention.

Sect. 2. At every annual Diocesan Convention the Bishop shall deliver an
address, stating the affairs of the Diocese since the last meeting of the Con-
vention ; the names of the Churches which he has visited ; the number of per-
sons confirmed ; the names of those who have been received as candidates for
orders, and of those who have been ordained, suspended, or degraded ; the
changes by death, removal, or otherwise, which have taken place among the
Clergy; and, in general, all matters tending to throw light on the affairs of
the Diocese : which address shall be inserted on the Journals.

Sect. 3. At every General Convention, the Journals of the different Dio-
cesan Conventions since the last General Convention, together with such
other papers, viz., episcopal charges, addresses, and pastoral letters, as may
tend to throw light on the state of the Church in each Diocese, shall be pre-
sented to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. And a particular inquirv
shall be instituted into the state of the Church in each Diocese, and particular-

* The following resolution was ordered to accompany this Canon :

Resolved, By the two Honses of Convention, that it be recommended to every future Con-
vention to appoint a joint Committee, to whom there may be communicated all errors, if
any, in editions of the Bible printed under the operation of a certian Canon of this Conven-
tion ; such errors to be notified on the Journal of the Convention, to which they may at any
time be presented by the joint Committee.

482 appendix. [1832.

ly into the attention paid to the Canons and Rubrics of the Church. A Com-
mittee shall then be appointed to draw up a view of the state of the Church,
and to make report to the House of Clerical and Lay Deputies ; which report,
when agreed to by the said House, shall be sent to the House of Bishops with
a request that they will draw up, and cause to be published, a Pastoral Letter
to the members of the Church. And it is hereby made the duty of every
Clergyman having a pastoral charge, when any such letter is published, to read
the Pastoral Letter to his congregation on some occasion of public worship.
Sect. 4 It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Convention of every
Diocese, or of the person or persons with whom the Journals or other ecclesi-
astical papers are lodged, to forward to the House of Clerical and Lay Dep-
uties, at every General Convention, the documents and papers specified in this

Canon L. Of the Alms and Contributions at the Holy

The Alms and Contributions at the administration of the Holy Communion
shall be deposited with the Minister of the parish, or with such Church Offi-
cer as shall be appointed by him, to be applied by the Minister, or under his
superintendence, to such pious and charitable uses as shall by him be thought

Canon LI. Of the Celebration of Divine Service in a for-
eign Language.

"When a clergyman coming from a foreign country, and professing to be reg-
ularly ordained, shall be called to a Church of this Communion in which divine
service is celebrated in a foreign language, he may, with the approbation of
the Bishop of the Diocese in which such Church is situated, acting with the
advice and consent of the Standing Committee, or with the unanimous appro
bation of the Standing Committee, if there be no Bishop, and on complying
with the other requisitions of the Canons, settle in the said Church, as the
Minister thereof, without having resided one year in the United States, any
thing in the 38th Canon of 1808 to the contrary notwithstanding. And when
a person, not a citizen of the United States, who has been acknowledged as
an ordained Minister of any other denomination of Christians, applies for orders
in this Church, on the ground of a call to a Church in which divine service
is celebrated in a foreign language, the Standing Committee of the Diocese
to which the said Church belongs may, on sufficient evidence of fitness accord-
ing to the Canons, and by a unanimous vote at a meeting duly convened, rec-
ommend him to the Bishop for orders, and the Bishop may then ordain him
and he may be settled and instituted into the said church, without his pro-
ducing a testimonial to his character by a clergyman, from his personal knowl-
edge of him for one year, and without his having been a year resident in this
country, any thing in any other Canon of this Church to the contrary not-
withstanding. Provided, That in both of the above cases, the person applying
produce a certificate, signed by at least four respectable members of this
Church, that they have satisfactory reason to believe the testimonials to his
religious, moral and literary qualifications to be entitled to full credit.

Canon LII. Concerning the Requisites of a Quorum.

In all cases in which a Canon directs a duty to be performed, or a power
to be exercised by a Standing Committee, or by the Clerical members there-



of; or by any other body consisting of several members, a majority of the
said members, the whole having been duly cited to meet, shall be a quorum ;
and a majority of the quorum so convened, shall be competent to act, uulesa
the contrary is expressly required by the Canon.


Proposed Amendment of Article II. of the Constitution.

Resolved, The House of Bishops concuring, that it be made known to
the several State Conventions of this Church that it is proposed to con-
sider, at the next General Convention, and, if agreed to, finally to ratify
the following amendment of the II. Article of the Constitution.

Strike out from the third line (one,) and insert (two.) The same line,
strike out (four,) and insert (ten.) Fourth line, after (State,) insert (accord-
ing to the following ratio: every Diocese shall be entitled to one Clerical
and one Lay Deputy; and to one additional Clerical Deputy for every
eight Clergymen actually residing in such Diocese; and to one additional
Lay Deputy for every twelve parishes belonging to the Convention of the
same.) Sixth line, after (State,) strike out all that follows to and including
the word (Convention,) which ends the seutenee in the tenth line, and in"
sert as follows : (the decision shall be by orders, and a majority of each
order shall be necessary to constitute a vote of the House,)

The Article so amended to read thus : —

Article ii. The Church in each State shall be entitled to a represen-
tation of both the Clergy and the Laity, which representation shall consist
of two or more deputies, not exceeding ten of each order, chosen by the
Convention of the State, according to the following ratio: — every Diocese
shall be entitled to one Clerical and one Lay Deputy ; and to one additional
Clerical Deputy for every eight Clergymen actually residing in such Diocese;
and to one additional Lay Deputy for every twelve parishes belonging to the
Convention of the same: and in all questions, when required by the Clerical
and Lay representation from any State, the decision shall be by orders; and
a majority of each order shall be necessary to conititute a vote of the House.

If the Convention of any State should neglect, or decline to appoint
Clerical Deputies, or if they should neglect, or decline to* appoint Lay
Deputies, or if any of those of eifier order appointed should neglect to
attend, or be prevented by sickness or any other accident, such State shall
nevertheless be considered as duly represented by such Deputy or Deputies
as may attend, whether Lay or Clerical. And if, through the neglect of
the Convention of any of the Churches which shall have adopted or may
hereafter adopt, this Constitution, no Deputies, either Lay or Clerical,
should attend at any General Convention, the Church in such State shall
nevertheless be bound by the acts of such Convention.

484 appendix. [1832.


Report of a Committee on the Income and Expenditure of the
General Theological Seminary.

The Committee appointed to present, substantively and succinctly, the
present pecuniary condition and exigencies of the Theological Seminary,
beg leave to offer the following plain and unvarnished statement of facts
derived from the report of the Treasurer for the past year.

From this report it appears that the contributions and donations to the
Seminary, from its first establishment down to the present day, amount to
the capital sum of $ 158.928 67

Of which there have been expended for

current purposes, .... $40,290 60

For buildings, 33,520 00

Filling up water lots, &c, - - - 5,595 00

Assessments for streets, &c, - - 1,325 00

Investments of sums contributed for schol-
arships, 14,194 72

98,925 32

Leaving a capital of $60,003 35

invested in stocks, bonds, and mortgages, yielding an annual revenue of
<p3,60O. The annual expenditure, with the utmost economy, amounts to
$5,000, and the deficiency, consequently, of the receipts to cover the expen-
diture is $1,400.

To meet this deficiency, if no other available means are afforded, there
remains only the alternative of encroaching on the capital or retrenching
the expenses of the institution.

In regard to the former of these alternatives, it is proper to recite the
following circumstances : —

The capital of the Seminary, exclusive of the land

granted by Mr. Moore, amounts to $60,003 35

TheSherred Legacy amounts to 60,000 00

Leaving an excess of capital beyond the legacy of - - $3 35

But it is to be kept in mind, that in order to entitle the Seminary to re-
ceive the legacy, the executors required, as by law they were authorized
to do, that a refunding bond should be placed in their hands, conditioned
for repaying to them the whole, or such part of the amount of the legacy
as might be required to meet any legal claims upon Mr. Sherred's estate.

Accordingly a number of gentlemen liberally stepped forward and execu-
ted a refunding bond to the executors of Mr. Sherred's will, in the penalty
of $100,000, which is still in force, receiving at the same time a bond of
indemnity from the Trustees, by the condition of which, the "Trustees, for
ever thereafter bind themselves and their successors to hold and retain the
said sum of $60,000, or the stocks and securities in which the same may
be invested, as an inviolate fund, to be applied, whenever necessary, for tha
purpose of effectually securing and protecting the several obligees in the
refunding bonds and their several heirs, executors, and administrators, from
all loss and damage by reason of their responsibility ;" so that in fact, the



whole of the personal property of the Seminary amounts to a sum merely
sufficient to cover the amount thus solemnly set apart as an inviolate
pledge for the indemnity of the sureties in the bonds given to the executors.

The Committee cannot suppose it possible that under any circumstances
the Trustees could feel themselves at liberty, in breach of honor and good
faith, to withdraw any part of this capital sum of $60,000, from the reach
of their solemn covenant; so that, as they conceive, there is no capital
upon which they can encroach, if they would, and this alternative is there-
fore impracticable.

In regard to the other alternative, retrenchment, it appears that the prin-
cipal expenditure is for the salaries of the professors, Of these, two are in
the -receipt of annnal stipends barely adequate to their support, whilst one
is content, under the pres-ent circumstances of the Institution, to accept half
the amount allowed those two ; and the valuable services of the Professor
of the Nature, Ministry, and Polity of the Church, are, and from the com-
mencement of the Institution have been, bestowed by the present incum-
bent, the Bishop of New-York, without any remuneration whatever. Th©
same disinterested services were also rendered, during his life, by the late la-
mented Bishop Hobart, in the department of Pulpit Eloquence and Pastoral
Theology. Considering the standing and qualifications of the professors,
it will be admitted that nothing short of an ardent zeal to sustain the
Seminary, supplying a motive far above the desire of any pecuniary re-
ward, could induce them to continue their invaluable services ; nor will it
be thought, by any who have been attentive to the system of instruction
adopted, and thus far prosecuted, that it is possible, consistently with this
system, to reduce the number of the professors. Were this done, it must
be by the sacrifice of the reputation, and in the same degree, the useful-
ness of the Institution. The Trustees and its friends rather hope to en-
large its usefulness, and extend its reputation, and with truth to be able
to give assurance to the students of Theology in our Church, that here
they will have an opportunity of enjoying the best means of instruction ;
and to Churchmen, that here young men will be well grounded in that
learning which must, with talents and a proper application, present them
as candidates for the ministry, well fitted to give dignity and practical effi-
ciency to the sacred office. One step backward would be fatal to the confi-
dence of the community.

It is true that the beneficial and liberal donation of Mr. Moore includes
several valuable lots which are not covered by the Seminary buildings, nor
as yet enclosed within its grounds. Shall these be sold to meet our present
exigencies? They are in the immediate vicinity of the settled parts of the
City of New-York, and in a few years, must, with its growth, become of far
greater value. With a view to present pecuniary convenience would the
friends of the Seminary approve, or could the Trustees consent to part with
these lots at low prices, and forego the certain advantage of their future rise
in value? To these questions no answer but in the negative can be expect-
ed from prudent men, acting with a view merely to profit. But it is thought
that there are higher considerations associated with this subject, sufficient
of themselves to determine the judgment.

The liberality of Mr. Moore seems to have contemplated, that this val-
uable property should be held as it was given, not to be used for the pur-
pose ot meeting, by speculative sales, annual expenditure, but to secure a
convenient location, and a permanent benefit to the Institution. Can the
Trustees, by any act on their part, disappoint such a purpose entertained
by the donor?

486 appendix. [1832.

Again, experience shows that the converting real into personal property,
is always a great error on the part of any institution which looks for
permanency. While the real is permanent and increasing in value, person-
al property vanishes by use, by the prodigality it encourages, and by the
risks it encounters. This sentiment is so fully confirmed by all experience,
that it is well known to have been an established maxim in a community .
most skilled in acquiring and securing the possession of its property, that
" potius est fundos quam pecunias habere."

The Trustees cannot therefore, it is thought, consistently with respect to
the donor, or the enduring prosperity of the Seminary, or the wishes of the
friends of the Church, for a moment entertain the project of raising money
by selling ground which has been granted with so much munificence.

Nothing remains, then, but to look abroad for aid and assistance, in the
present crisis of affairs. The amount wanted to makeup the present defic-
iency, when considered in connexion with the numbers who feel interested
in this Institution, so vastly important, and so indispensable to the growth
and the character of the Church, is indeed trifling. It is true that -former
appeals have been little successful. Probably this has arisen from the mis-
taken supposition that the large legacy of Mr, Kohne had placed the Sem-
inary beyond the reach of want, and from forgetfulness of the fact, that
this, like the recent legacy of Mr. Lorillard, is only a prospective benefit,
from which nothing can be received at present. Thus, these large be-
quests, promising future wealth, may, in fact, have tended to our present
impoverishment. A lamentable disappointment, this, of the generous pur-
poses of the respective testators.

The Trustees ought not, however, to despair. It is hoped, even confident-
ly, that by presenting these facts to the consideration of Churchmen,

Online LibraryEpiscopal Church. General ConventionJournals of General Conventions of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the United States, 1785-1835 (Volume 2) → online text (page 45 of 71)