Erastus Cornelius Benedict.

The American admiralty, its jurisdiction and practice, with practical forms and directions online

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all peraons claiming damages for any loss, destruction, damage or injury occa-
sioned by the disaster above refen'ed to, to appear and present their claims and
such answers or exceptions as they should be advised, and thereupon exceptions
to said amended libel and petition having been taken and filed on behalf of
Robert C. Rathbone, one of the claimants, and other claimants herein, to wit:
[reciting them ;]

And they having been duly heard in support of the several motions to dismiss
said amended libel and petition, and to vacate and set aside said monition and
for other relief, made by them respectively, no persons or parties other than those
by whom said exceptions were taken, and said monitions made as aforesaid,
having appeared on the return of said monition, and filed any answer or excep-
tion to said original or amended libel and petition;

And an order having been thereafter made and entered in this court in this
proceeding on and bearing date the twenty-third day of February, 1881, whereby
among other things the said exceptions to the said amended libel and petition
were overruled and said motions in all things denied, and whereby it was also
provided that all parties who had not then appeared in this proceeding and filed
formal claims, or had not answered the said amended libel and petition, might
file claims and answer within two weeks after notice of the entry of said order;

And notice of the entry of said last mentioned order having on the twenty-
fifth day of February, 1881, been duly served on the various parties, [reciting
them,] as appears by the written admission of their proctors bearing date the
day aforesaid, and on file in the office of the clerk of this court, and a report
having been duly rendered and filed by John A. Osborne, Esq., Commissioner,
etc., appointed in this proceeding as aforesaid, which repoi*t bears date the
eighth day of November, 1883, and shows among other things tliat the follow-
ing claims have been proved before him by parties claiming damages by reason
of the disaster above referred to and at the dates specified, namely: [reciting
them ;]

And that no claims have been presented to him by any persons or parties
other than those named in his said report; no answers or exceptions to said
amended libel and petition having been taken or filed on tlie'part of any per-



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PRACTICAL FORMS. 671

sons or parties, except as follows, that is to say: [reciting them;] and the time
for all persons and parties other than those so answering as aforesaid to answer,
having expired; and an order bearing date the twentieth day of November,
1883, having been duly made and entered, nunc pro tunc as of the fifth day of
April, 1881, whereby among other things, the said report of said commissioner
was in all things approved and confirmed, and whereby also the defaults of all
persons and parties other than the said parties who had duly filed claims and
answered, pursuant to said monition and said order of February 23, 1881, were
directed to be and were thereby entered herein; and whereby it was further
provided that all such persons or parties so in default be and they were thereby
forever debarred from presenting, filing or prosecuting any claims for damages
for any loss, destruction, damage or injury occasioned by the disaster mentioned
in the said libel and petition; and further that as to all such persons and par-
ties so in default the allegations of said libel and petition stand as confessed
and admitted; and the said answers of said several respondents having been
withdrawn by stipulations signed by their respective proctors and duly filed in
the office of the clerk of this court ;

On motion of Sliipman, Barlow and Larocque, proctors for said libellants and
petitioners,

It is ordered, adjudged and decreed, that it has been made to appear to the
court that neither the said The Long Island North Shore Passenger and Freight
Transportation Company, tlie said petitioners and libellants, nor the said steam-
boat Seawanhaka, are liable for the loss, destruction, damage or injury referred
to in said amended libel and petition growing out of the loss by fire of the said
steamboat Seawanhalai, which occurred on the 28tli day of June, 1880, nor for any
such loss, destruction, damage or injury.

And it is therefore ordered, adjudged and decreed, that tlie said The Long
Island North Shore Passenger and Freight Transportation Company, the said
petitioners and libellants, and also the said steamboat Seawanhaka and the pro-
ceeds thereof, are not, nor is any or either of them, liable for any such loss, de-
struction, damage or injury, and from such liability they are and each of them
is accordingly discharged.

And the said libellants and petitioners having waived all claim to have the said
fund in the hands of said trustee returned to tlicm and consenting hereto with-
out prejudice to any averment contained in their said libel and petition.

It is further ordered, that the said fund, togetlier with any accrued interest
thereon, and less the costs and charges of said trustee, be foi*thwith distributed
among said claimants who have filed claims in respect of said fund as aforesaid,
pro rata according to the amounts of their claims respectively.

Addison Bbown.



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INDEX.



ABATEMENT, § 484, 486.

in the Supreme Court, S. C. Rule 15, p. 402.
ABIDE,

the event of others, when causes will be ordered to, D. G. Rule 5, p. 429.
ACCOUNT,

between part owners, not within the jurisdiction, § 268 a.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT,

of satisfaction of judgment, D. C. Rule 65, p. 442.
ACTIONS,

a few general classes sufficient, § 400.
ACTOR,

both parties actors, § 363, 513.
ACT OF 1845,

extending admiralty jurisdiction to lakes, § 12, 245 a.
ACT OF 1847, § 501.
ADMIRAL,

etymology of the word, § 3, 38.

originally an executive officer, § 3.

his power transferred to courts, § 4, 33, 38, 39.

his jurisdiction confined to the waters and vessels of his own nation, § 8,
39,245.

his commission, § 48.
ADMIRALTY COURTS, § 2, 315.

have taken the place of the admiral, § 4, 39.

looked upon with jealousy by English courts of common law, § 6.

jurisdiction in England, contracted to narrowest limits, § 6.

strife between, and courts of common law, § 74 to 110.

state courts of admiralty, § 166 to 172.

of the United States, § 315.

territorial courts, not admiralty courts, § 315 a.

their organization, jurisdiction, and powers, § 315 to 345.

have a general maritime jurisdiction, § 261, 262.

have jurisdiction of all cases of maritime lien, § 261.

have no jurisdiction of account between part-owners, § 268 a.

nor of mortgages, § 263 a.

no general equity jurisdiction, § 263 a, 329.

have jurisdiction on all navigable waters, § 317.

amount of expenses in, p. 310, note.

practice of American, historically considered, § 346 to 358.

American act by simple order, where British act by warrants, commissions,
and monitions, p. 249, note.

43 ' (678)



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674 nn^EX.

ADMIRALTY LAW, § 10, 48.

derived from naval command, § 4, 83.

consists of what, § 10.

dictated by common convenience and rights on the highway of nations, § 4.

derives its characteristic principles from the civil law, § 5.

is properly the law regfulating the shipping of a particular nation, enforced

oiiginally by the admiral of that nation, § 39.
Vide Maritime Law.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME,

signification of the term, § 19, 40, 45, 171, 188 to 192.
ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME LAW, § 38 to 46.

Vide Admiralty Law — Maritime Law.
ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION.

in the United States still an open question, § 9, 813 a.

course of decisions upon, discussed, § 313 a, 313 6.

increased impoi*tance of the subject, § 12.

cases in which it has been investigated, since first edition of this work,

p. 5, note,
constitutional grant of, § 19.
has received five different constructions, § 19.
is confined to the judicial power,— to cases in courts, J 88.
extends to all cases, § 34.

does not include the executive powers, or droits of the admiral, § 88.
of England, § 46 to 73.
of Scotland and Ireland, § 114 to 117.
of the British colonies, § 118 to 165.
of the state courts of admiralty, § 166 to 172.
of France and continental Europe, § 172 to 188.
none of account between part-owners, § 268 a.
none of mortgages, § 263 a.
no genei*al equity junsdiction, § 263 a, 329.
compiises all cases of maritime lien, § 261.
ADMIRALTY PRACTICE, § 11.

Vide Practice.
ADMIRALTY REGISTER, § 333.
ADMIRALTY RULES OF TIIE SUPREME COURT, § 356, 367, 396.

in cases not provided for by, district courts to regulate their own practice,

Ad. Rule 46, p. 390.
amendments in informations and libels, Ad. Rule 24, p. 385.
answer, requisites of, Ad. Rule 27, p. 386.

these requisites may be dispensed with when. Ad. Rule 48, p. 390.

may be excepted to, for what. Ad. Rule 28, p. 386.

defendant may be compelled to make further, when, Ad. Rule 30,

p. 387.
what defendant may object to answer. Ad. Rule 31, p. 387.
intciTogatories may be propounded in. Ad. Rule 32, p. 387.
appeals from district to circuit court of appeals, record on, to contain what,

Ad. Rule 52, p. 391. See C. C. A. Rule 14, p. 415.
appraisement, Ad. Rule 10, p. 383.

in liiniied liability proceeding. Ad., Rule 54, p. 393.



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INDEX. 676

ADMIRALTY RULES OF THE SUPREME COURT— continued,
arrest, mesne process by, Ad. Rule 2, p. 381.

warrant of when to issue, Ad. Rule 7, p. 382.
assault on the high seas, suits for, how brought, Ad. Rule 16, p. 384.
attachment, mesne process by. Ad. Rule 2, p. 381.

how dissolved. Ad. Rule 4, p. 382.
bail, how and when taken. Ad. Rule 3, p. 381.
when reduced. Ad. Rule 6, p. 382.

bonds, when summary execution issued upon, Ad. Rules 3, 4, p. 381, 382.
when new sureties required on. Ad. Rule 6, p. 382.
when taken in suits in personam, Ad. Rule, 47, p. 300.
bonds, where and by whom they may be taken. Ad. Rule 5, p. 382.
bottomry bonds, suits on, how brought, Ad. Rule 18, p. 384.
bottomry, in suits for, certain property to be brought into court. Ad. Rule

38, p. 388.
claim, how verified. Ad. Rule 26, p. 386.

when put in, stipulation for costs and expenses to be filed, Ad. Rule
20, p. 386.
clerk, to keep memorandum of checks. Ad. Rule 42, p. 389.

of district court, record on appeals to be made up by. Ad. Rule
52, p. 891.
collision, suits for damages by, how brought. Ad. Rule 15, p. 384.

limitation of liability in. Ad. Rule 54, p. 393.
commissioners, references may be made to. Ad. Rule 44, p. 389.

powers of, in references. Ad. Rule 44, p. 389; 55, p. 393.
costs, when defendant may be ordered to pay. Ad. Rule 28, p. 386.
costs and es^penses, when court may require defendant to give stipulation
for. Ad. Rule 25, p. 386.
stipulation for, to be filed, when claim is put in, Ad.

Rule 26, p. 386.
intervenor to give stipulation for. Ad. Rule 34, p. 388.
cross-libel, respondents in, to give security for damages when, Ad. Rule 53,
p. 392.
till security given proceedings on original libel stayed. Ad. Rule
53, p. 392.
debt, impiisonment for, in what cases abolished. Ad. Rule 47, p. 390.
decree by default, may be rescinded. Ad. Rule 40, p. 389.
default, how taken, Ad. Rule 29, p. 387.

may be set aside. Ad. Rule 29, p. 387.
by the llbellant, Ad. Rule 39, p. 389.
decree by, may be rescinded. Ad. Rule 40, p. 389.
district court, record on appeals from, to contain what. Ad. Rule 52, p. 391.
exceptions, may be taken pro confesso against defendant when. Ad. Rule
30, p. 387.
may be taken for what, Ad. Rule 36, p. 388.
effect of, if allowed. Ad. Rule 36, p. 388.
execution, when libellant may have. Ad. Rule 21, p. 385.

nature and contents of. Ad. Rule 21, p. 385.
foreign attacliment, mesne process by. Ad. Rule 2, p. 381.

procedure in cases of. Ad. Rule 37, p. 388.



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676 INDEX.

ADMIRALTY RULES OP THE SUPREME COVKT— continued,
garnishee, required to annwer, Ad. Rule 37, p. 388.
hypothecatiion without claim of marine interest, suits founded upon^ hoir

brought, Ad. Rule 17, p. 384.
imprisonment for debt, in what cases abolished. Ad. Rule 47, p. 300.
informations, requisites of. Ad. Rule 22, p. 385.
informations, amendments in. Ad. Rule 24, p. 385.
interrogatories, may be propounded in the libel. Ad. Rule 23, p. 385.

may be propounded in the answer. Ad. Rule, 32, p. 387.
if not answered, libellant may be adjudged in default and

libel dismissed. Ad. Rule 32, p. 387.
or answer to, may be compelled. Ad. Rule 32, p. 387.
or subject-matter may be taken pro confesso in favor of de-
fendant. Ad. Rule 32, p. 387.
certain libellant may object to answer. Ad. Rule 32, p. 387.
answer to, may be dispensed with, when. Ad. Rule 33, p. 387.
answer to, may be taken by commission, when. Ad. Rule 33,
p. 387.
intervener, to be heard. Ad. Rule 34, p. 388.

his allegations to be answered by the other parties, Ad. Rule 34,

p. 388.
to give stipulation to abide the decree and pay costs and ex-
penses. Ad. Rule 34, p. 388.
libel, requisites of. Ad. Rule 23, p. 385.

in limited liability proceedings. Ad. Rules, 54, 56, p. 393.
interrogatories may be propounded in. Ad. Rule 23, p. 385:
amendments in. Ad. Rule 24, p. 385. •

may be amended after answer filed. Ad. Rule 51, p. 391.
cross, security by respondents in. Ad. Rule 53, p. 392.
limitation of liability of ship owners. Ad. Rules 54 to 58, p. 393, 894.
libel in, requisites of. Ad. Rules 54, 56, p. 393, 394.
in what cases may be taken. Ad. Rule 54, p. 393.
in what coui*ts. Ad. Rules 57, 58, p. 394.
appraisement. Ad. Rule 54, p. 393.
payment of proceeds into court. Ad. Rule 54, p. 393.
stipulations. Ad. Rule 54, p. 303.
transfer of vessel and freight. Ad. Rule 54, p. 393.
monition, td.

proof of claims. Ad. Rules 54, 55, p. 393.
injunction. Ad. Rule 54, p. 393.
answer in, Ad. Rule 56, p. 394.
hearing, id.

distribution of proceeds. Ad. Rule 55, p. 393.
mariners' wages, suits for, how brought, Ad. Rule 13, p. 384.

in suits for, certain pitoperty to be brought into court, Ad
Rule 38, p. 388.
material men, suits by, how brought. Ad. Rule 12, p. 383.
mesne process, not to issue till libel is filed. Ad. Rule 1, p. 381.

what may be, in suits in personam^ Ad. Rule 2, p. 381.
monition, mesne process by. Ad. Rule 2, p. 381; Ad. Rule 54, p. 393.



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INDEX. 677

ADMIKALTY RUIiES OP THE SUPREME COURT— continued.

notice of return of process in rem, and hearing, how given, Ad. Role 9,

p. 388.
perishable articles, may be sold, Ad. Rule 10, p. 383.

when delivered to claimant, Ad. Rule 10, p. 888.
petitory suits, process in. Ad. Rule 20, p. 384.
pilotage, suits for, how brought, Ad. Rule 14, p. 384.
possessory suits, process in. Ad. Rule 20, p. 384.
process, how served. Ad. Rule 1, p. 381.

in remy what and how executed. Ad. Rule 9, p. 388.
notice of return of, and hearing, how given. Ad. Rale 9, p. 883.
what in petitory and possessory suits. Ad. Rule 20, p. 384.
proceedings in rem, certain property in, to be brought into court. Ad. Rlile

38, p. 388.
property in possession of a third person, how obtained in suits in reniy Ad.

Rule 8, p. 382.
record on appeals from district court, to contain what. Ad. Rule 52, p. 391.
references, may be made to commissioners. Ad. Rule 44, p. 389.
registry, proceeds of sales to be paid into the. Ad. Rules 41, 54, p. 389, 393.
money paid into, where deposited and how drawn, Ad. Rule 42,

p. 389.
person having an interest in proceeds in, may intervene for their
delivery. Ad. Rule 43, p. 389.
rehearing, may be granted after deci*ee by default, Ad. Rule 40, p. 389.
replication, none to be allowed. Ad. Rule 51, p. 391.
sales of property, how made. Ad. Rule 41, p. 389.

proceeds of, to be paid into the registry. Ad. Rule 41, p. 389.
salvage, suits for, how brought, Ad. Rule 19, p. 384.

in suits for, certain property to be brought into court. Ad. Role 88,
p. 388.
ship, when delivered to the claimant. Ad. Rule 11, p. 388.

when may be sold. Ad. Rule 11, p. 388.
stipulation, where and by whom taken. Ad. Rules 5, 85, p. 382, 888.

for bail, when summary execution issued on. Ad. Rules 3, 4,
p. 381, 382.
ADVOCATE,— Fide Proctors and Advocates.
AFFIDAVIT,

form of, p. 487, 489, 490, 498, 501, 502, 527, 528.
AFFREIGHTMENT,

contracts of, § 286 to 288.

agreements for maritime carriage of persons or property, § 286.
AGREEMENT,

of 1575, §75, 81.
of 1632, § 91 to 99.
ALLEGATIONS,

new, § 483 to 485.
AMENDMENTS, J 488 to 488.

in informations and libels. Ad. Rules 24, 52, p. 885, 891, D. C. Rules 8, 42,

88, p. 428, 437, 446.
may be made at any time, § 483.



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678 INDEX.

AMENDMENTS— continued.

on death of party, J 484.

in the appellate court, § 483, 632.

cannot introduce new subject, § 488.

must be connected with pleading, D. C. Rule 3, p. 428.

must be verified like original pleading, § 484.
AMENDMENTS OF THE CONSTITUTION,

sixth and seventh considered, § 103 to 203.
ANCIENT JURISDICTION OP THE ENGLISH ADMIRALTY,

§ 19, 46 to 73, p. 57 note, 140 note.
ANSWER, § 367, 466, 472 to 476.

requisites of. Ad. Rule 27, 56, p. 386, 394.
• these requisites may be dispensed with when. Ad. Rule 48, p. 390.

may be excepted to for what. Ad. Rule 28, p. 386, D. C. Rule 40, 42, 43, p. 4^.

defendant may be compelled to make further. Ad. Rule 30, p. 387.

what defendant may object to answer. Ad. Rule 31, p. 387.

interrogatories may be propounded in, Ad. Rule 32, p. 387.

time to answer, § 456, 457, 480.

extends return day, § 457.

must be on oath, when sum in dispute exceeds fifty dollars, § 472, Ad. Rule
27, 48, p. 386, 390.

proceedings when answer is required of a party not interested, D. C. Rule
40, p. 437.

form of, § 473, 474, 475, p. 485, 488, 505, 507, 508, 509, 595, 596, 664.
APPEAL, § 607 to 636.

to supreme court, § 607 to 611.

confusion in the statute, § 608 to 611.

to circuit court of appeals, § 607, 612 to 636.

is an admiralty appeal, § 613, 614.

effect of, § 615, 618, 619.

must be from final decree, § 616.

is a new trial, § 616.

no limitation on amount, § 617.

suspends the decree appealed from, § 618.

time in which may be taken, § 620, 622.

how taken, § 021.

notice of, § 621, C. C. A. Ad. Rule 1, p. 423, p. 627.

security on, § 623, 624, 625; C. C. A. Ad. Rule 2, p. 423.

assignment of errors, § 626 to 628, C. C. A. Ad. Rule 4, p. 423.

allowance of, § 629.

citation, § 630.

apostles, § 631, C. C. A. Ad. Rule 4, p. 424.

record must be filed in thirty days, C. C. A. Ad. Rule 5, p. 424.

appellee must appear, § 631 a, C. C. A. Ad. Rule 6, p. 425.

summary of practice on, § 631 a, 636.

new pleadings on, § ((32, C. C. A. Ad. Rule 7, 8, p. 425.

new evidence on, § 632, C. C. A. Ad. Rule 7, 8, 9, 10, p. 425.

printing the papers, § 633.

bnefs to be filed, § 634, C. C. A. Ad. Rule 15, p. 426.

argument of, § 634.



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INDEX. 679

APPEAIi— coniintied.

decree, § 635, 686, C. C. A. Ad. Rule 16, p. 426.

co«t8 on, § 635.

mandate and decree, § 635, 636, C. C. A. Ad. Rule 16, p. 426.
APPEARANCE, § 449 to 456.

notice of, § 456.

how compelled, D. C. Rule 25, p. 430.

is waiyer of formal defects, § 458.

cannot be made in rem^ without giving security for costs, § 460.

not perfect till claim, answer, and stipulation filed, § 460.

in circuit court of appeals, wheDi appellee does not enter, § 631 a.

in supreme court, none by plaintiff, S. G. Rule 16, p. 403.
none by defendant, S. C. Rule 17, p. 403.
none by either party, S. C. Rule 1^, p. 403.
of counsel when to be entered, S. G. Rule 9, p. 399.

form of notice of, § 456.
APPRAISEMENT,

of property under arrest, § 444 to 448, 498, D. G. Rules 17, 18, 27, 28, 29, 30,
p. 432, 434, 435.

in limited liability proceedings, § 570, 571; Ad. Rule 54, p. 393; D. G. Rules
75, 76; p. 444.
APPRAISERS,

fees of, D. G. Rule 30, p. 435.
APOSTLES, § 631.
ARAGON,

laws of, § 187.
ARGUMENT,

of exceptions, § 471.

of counsel in district court, ]} 589.

in supreme court, S. G. Rule 622, p. 397, 405.

not heard in supreme court on Saturday, unless specially ordered, S. 0.
Rule 6, p. 397.
ARREST,

bail on, §423.

right to, to what extent abolished, § 424.

policy of so doing discussed, § 424.

of yessel, § 447.

when yessel arrested, delivered to claimant, § 447.

mesne process by. Ad. Rule 2, p. 381, D. G. Rule 9, p. 430.

warrant of, when to issue, § 415, Ad. Rule 7, p. 382.

how vacated, D. C. Rule 17, p. 432.

discharge of defendant under, D. Cf. Rules 19, 24, p. 433, 434

delivery of property from, D. C. Rules 17 to 22, p. 432, 433.

form of libel with clause of arrest, p. 559.

Vide Process.
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, § 25, 31.
ARTICULI ADMIRALITATIS, § 82 to 90.
ASSAULT AND BATTERY, § 309.

parties in cases of, § 392, Ad. Rule 16, p. 384.

form of libel for, p. 560.



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680 INDEX.

ASSESSMENT,

of damages, offer to allow, D. C. Bole 87, p. 486.
ATTACHMENT,

order for, § 416.

mesne process by, Ad. Rule 2, p. 381, D. C. Rule 0, p. 430.

foreign, mesne process by. Ad. Rule 2, p. 381, D. C. Rules 12, 18, p. 480, 431.

in rem, § 410, 434, 436, 439, D. C. Rule 0, p. 480.

to compel delivery of propei-ty, § 439, 440, 440 a, 441.

of property in hands of garnishee, § 425 to 433. Vide Gabnishess.

may issue against property of a non-resident, § 425.

how dissolved, § 427, Ad. Rule 4, p. 382; D. C. Rule 17, p. 432.

foreign, procedure in cases of , § 429 to 432, Ad. Rule 37, p. 888, D. C. Roles
12, 13, p. 430, 431.

on real estate, § 43n3 a.

in peraanam, issued by clerk, D. C. Rule 9, p. 430.

where defendant is not found, D. G. Rule 9, p. 430.

how vacated, D. C. Rules 17, 19, p. 432, 433.

of goods in custody of collector, D. 0. Rule 14, p. 481.

on informations, D. C. Rule 80, p. 445.

against the marshal, p. 502, 503.

form of libel, with clause of, p. 514, 522, 560.

warrant of arrest, with clause of, p. 582.
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS,

Vide Pboctobs and Adyooates.
AUSTRIA,

laws of, § 187.
AUTHORITY IN SPECLA.L CASES,

question of jurisdiction considered on, J 257 to 814.
AVERAGE, § 295, p. 166.

BAIL, § 489 to 502.

order of judge necessary to hold to, in cases over $500, § 415, 416, D. G. Role

9, p. 430.
when taken in suits in personam. Ad. Rule 47, p. 890.
amount in which defendant is usually held, § 416.
when it can be taken, § 416, Ad. Rule 3, p. 881.
marshal must take sufficient, § 422.
when reduced. Ad. Rule 6, p. 382.
stipulations for, § 423, 489 to 502.
no particular form necessary, § 489.

construed by the intention of the law, not of the party, § 490.
bonds, when summary execution issued upon. Ad. Rule 8, p. 881.
when new sureties required on, Ad. Rule 6, p. 882.
on warrants to arrest, D. C. Rules 19, 24, 81, 87, p. 433, 434, 445, 446.
on arrest of defendant, how discharged, D. C. Rules 19, 24, p. 433, 484.
on informations in personam, D. G. Rules 81, 87, 95, p. 445, 446, 448.
form of order for, § 416.

marking for, § 416, p. 580.

stipulation for, § 423, p. 589.

bond, p. 591.



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INDEX. 681

BAILEE,

claim, how verified by, Ad. Rule 26, p. 886.
BARGEMEN, § 284.
BILL OF LADING,

a maritime contract, § 286.

no necessary form of, § 286.

not absolutely necessary, § 286.

form of libel on, p. 530, 540.
BLACK BOOK,

of the admiralty, § 53 to 59.
BODY OF A COUNTY,

meaning of the phrase, § 71.
BOND,

form of, to marshal on arrest, p. 591.
under the act of 1847, p. 591.

Vide Stipulation.
BONDING,

of property, § 444 to 448, 491, 498, 501.

how effected, § 501, D. C. Rules 17, 18, 20, p. 432, 438.

vessel bonded, may be re-arrested, § 447.

form of consent to bond, p. 593.
BOTTOMRY, § 111, 291, 292.

parties in cases of, § 394, Ad. Rule 18, p. 384.

in suits for, certain property to be brought into court. Ad. Rule 88, p. 388.

form of libel for, p. 53^3.
BREMEN,

laws of, § 187.
BRIDGES, §48, 88, 153, 162.

a limit because they obstruct navigation, § 96.
BRITISH EMPIRE,

admiralty jurisdiction various in different portions of— England, J 46, 74, 111.

Scotland, § 114 to 110, 307.

Ireland, § 117.

Colonies, § 118 to 165.

admiralty jurisdiction in, at different periods, §46, 74, 110, 111, 114, 117, 118,
161, 162, 163, 192, 307.
BRITISH GOVERNMENT,

its relation to ours, 28 to 31.

not alluded to in the constitution, or articles of confederation, § 31.



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