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German theory and practice of war



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THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES

GIFT OF

Dimitry M. Krassovsky



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STUDIES AND DOCUMENTS ON THE WAR

German theory and practice
of war

by
E. LAVISSE and Ch. ANDLER

Professors in the University of Paris



Translated by L. S




Cette brochure est en vente à la

LIBRAIRIE ARMAND COLIN

103, Boulevard Saint-Michel. PARIS, S"
au prix de G fr. 50



STUDIES AND DOCUMENTS ON THE WAR

PUBLISHING COMMITTEE



MM. Ernest LAVISSE, of the Académie française», President.

Charles ANDLER, professor of German literature and

language in the University of Pans.
Joseph BÉDIER, professor at the « Collci^e dc France ».
Henri BERGSON, of the « Académie française ».
Emile BOUTROUX, of the « Académie française ».

Ernest DENIS, professor of history in the University
of Paris.

Emile DURKHEIM, professor in the University of Paris.

Jacques HADAMARD, of the «Académie des Sciences».

Gustave LANSON, professor of French literature in the
University of Paris.

Charles SEIGNOBOS, professor of history in the Uni-
versity of Paris.

André WEISS, of the « Académie des Sciences morales
et politiques ».



All communicalioiis to be addressed to the Secretary of the Committee
M. Emile DURKHEIM, 4, Avenue d'Orléans, Paris, 14°.



STUDIES AND DOCUMENTS ON THE WAR

German theory and practice
of war

by

E. LAVISSE and Ch. ANDLER

Professors in the L'niversitv of Paris



Translated by L. S.




LIBRAIRIE ARMAND COLIN

I03, Boulevard Saint-Michel, PARIS, 5'.
191.5



TABLE OF CONTENTS



Pheface.



I. — The German practice of war according
to French documents.

Four Episodes 5

Murders 9

Pillaging niui l)urning 12

Hostages 14

Outrages 17

Destruclion of monuments 18

Corroborative evidence : the Belgian Reports 19

German evidence 21

II. — The German theory of war.

War and humanit)- 25

The methods of war. The cry of distress 30

Requisitions 51

Prisoners and non-comJjatants 35

Hostages 54

III. — Ideas inspiring the theory.

War is a necessity for Germany .50

War desired by God and by nature 57

Germany must govern the world 59

(Combined etfect of these three itleas 45

Points at which the German philosopiiy of war concerns all

nations . ii



D



PREFACE

Two reports have been presented to the President of the
Council by " the Commission instituted with a view to inves-
tigating acts committed by the enemy in violation of inter-
national law " (1).

This Commission consisted of Messieurs Payelle, First
President of the Cour des Comptes ; MoUard, Minister Ple-
nipotentiary; Maringer, Counsellor of State; Paillot, Coun-
sellor at the Court of Appeal.

The investigators examined the witnesses according to the
forms of a judicial enquiry, after having administered an
oath to them to speak the whole truth and nothing but the
truth. They checked the information thus obtained and
submitted it to severe criticism, so as only to retain those
facts which had been established beyond dispute. They
state that they omitted those facts " the proofs of which
were, in our view, insufficient, or which, however destruc-
tive or cruel they were, might have been the result of acts
of war properly so called, rather than of wilful excesses
attributable to the enemy " (2).



(1) The first of these Reports is dated 17"" December, 1914, and
the second S"- Mai'ch, 1915. They have both appeared in the Journal
Officiel. An English translation of the first Report appears in a
pamphlet entitled : The Black Book of llie War — German Atrocities in
France and Belgium, published by The Daily Chronicle.

(2) It is known that the Germans have maintained that theii- vio-
lence against the civil population was everywhere in Belgium and
in France provoked by the civilians who fired on their troops. It is
possible that sometimes this happened, but more often, as has
already l)een shown even by German witnesses, acts of violence have
been commitcd without provocation. Besides, nothing can justifv
the massacres of old men, women and cliildren which were com-
mitted in Belgium and in France.



i PliBJ-ACE

\\'e \\'\\\ iiol give liere a full analysis of lliosc documents;
wo will merely exlrael from Ihem a few actions characteri-
stic of the German practice of war, in order afterwards lo
p|•o^o llial (hi.-; prai'lice is [ho ap[)Ii


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Online LibraryErnest LavisseGerman theory and practice of war → online text (page 1 of 4)