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974.401

Es7esa

v.40

1449212

GENEALOGY COLLECTION



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY



833 01103 0696



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center



http://www.archive.org/details/essexinstitutehi40esse



THE



ESSEX INSTITUTE



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS



VOL. XL— 1904




SALEM, MASS.

PRINTED FOR THE ESSEX INSTITUTE
1904



NEWCOMB & GAUSS
Printers
Salem, Massachusetts



14



'1 001 o



CONTENTS.



Avery Family of Greenland. N. H., The. By William H.

Manning, ......... 89

Beverly, First Church Records. Copied by William P. Upham

(Continued) 129, 241

English Notes about Early Settlers in New England. By

Lothrop Withington (Continued), .... 145, 297
Antram, . . . 153 Fuller, ... 145
Bacon, . . . 312 Herbert, ... 302
Breed, . . . 147 Hussey, . . . 298
Cogan, . . . 312 Mason, . . . 155
Cogswell. . . 307, 311 Norton, . . 156, 297

Curwen, ... 299 Pratchett, . . 149, 152
Compton. ... 298 Sewall, . . . 298
Downing. ... 304 Watkins, . . . 312
Dummer, . . . 312 Weare, . . 146

Endicott, ... 311 Williams, ... 312
Essex County Estates Administered in Suffolk County prior

to 1701. By Eugene Tappan, Esq., 212

First Meeting House in Salem, Notes on the Report as to the

Authenticity of. By Wm. P. Upham. Map, ... 17

Gardner, Frank A., M. D., Thomas Gardner, Planter, and

some of his descendants (Continued), Map, 33, 161, 237, 353
Gardner, Thomas, Planter, and some of his descendants (Cou-

tinued), Map. By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 33, 161, 257, 353

Hitchings, A. Frank. Ship Registers of the District of Salem

and Beverly, 1789-1900 (Continued), Illustrated, 49, 177, 217, 321
Howard, CecilHampden Cutts. The Peoperrells in Amer-
ica (Continued), 73

Howes, Martha O. Salem Town Records, 1659-1680, 97, 273, 337

Lander, Judge Edward. A Sketch of Gen. Frederick W. Lan-
der. Illustrated, ........ 313

Lander, Gen. Frederick W., A Sketch of. By Judge Ed-
ward Lander. Illustrated, 313

Manning, William H. The Avery Family of Greenland, N. II. 189
Peirson, Abel Lawrence, M. D. A letter from Thomas

Spencer, Illustrated, 15

(iii)



IV CONTENTS.

Pepperrells in America, The, By Cecil Hampden Cutts How-
ard (Continued), 73

rhillips, Stephen Willard. Ship Registers of the District of

Salem and Beverly, 1889-1900 {Continued), Illustrated, 49, 177,
217, 321.
Rantoul, KobertS. The Date of the Founding of Salem, . 201
Revolutionary Letter written by Col. Timothy Pickering, . 96

Rones, Nathaniel, The Estate of. Illustrated, ... 1

Salem, The Date of the Founding of. By Robert S. Rantoul, 201
Salem Town Records, 1659-1C80. Copied by Martha O.

Howes, 97, 273, 337

Ship Registers of the District of Salem and Beverly, 1789-1900.
By A. Frank Hitchings and Stephen Willard Phillips
(Continued), Illustrated, .... 49,177,217,321

Spencer, Thomas. Letter from. Illustrated, ... 15

Tappan, Eugene. Essex County Estates Administered in

Suffolk County prior to 1701 212

Upham, William P. Beverly First Church Records (Con-
tinued), 129, 241

Upham. William P. Notes on the Report as to the Authen-
ticity of the First Meeting House in Salem. Map, . . 17
Withington, Lothrop. English Notes about Early Settlers in

New England (Continued), 145, 297



THE



ESSEX INSTITUTE



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS



YOL. XL— JANUARY, 1904




SALEM, MASS.

PRINTED FOR THE ESSEX INSTITUTE
1904



^TpHE historical or genealogical student, searching for
^ data iu the cities and towns of eastern Massachusetts,
cannot consider his task completed until he has consulted
the volumes of Historical Collections issued by the Essex
Institute.

Valuable historical investigations from original sources
are here brought to the attention of the scholar and a
long list of public records and vital statistics have been
printed in the pages of the Collections.

These Collections are published quarterly, each volume
containing over 400 pages and an exhaustive index. The
fortieth volume, beginning with the issue of January,
1904, will contain a large amount of original matter, such
as, Beverly First Parish Church Records ; Gardner Gen-
ealogy ; Salem Custom House Registers, 1789-1850 ;
English Records Relating to Early New England Fami-
lies ; Salem Town Records, Volume II ; Abstracts of
Essex County Wills Probated in Suffolk County; Pep.
perrell Genealogy, and much other historical and miscel-
laneous matter.

Among the genealogies to be found in the volumes
already issued are the following : Allen, Bray, Chipnian,
Clark, Clarke, Conkling, Corwin, Esty, Fabens, Gedney,
Gould, Graves, Hawkes, Hutchinson, Houlton-Holton,
King, Lyford, Newhall, Perkins, Pillsbury, Phimmer,
Prince, Rantoul, Richardson, RuHsell, Silsbee, Sparhavvk,
Townsend, Webb and Woodbury. Also records and
vital statistics from Beverly, Boxford, Danvers, Hamil-
ton, Ipswich, Lynn, Lynnfield. Marblehead, Peabody,
Salem, Saugus, Topsfield and Wenham. Abstracts of
wills, deeds and journals frequently appear ; biographical
sketches and memoirs ; tombstone inscriptions, etc. etc.

Subscription $2.00 per annum.

Address

George Fkancis Dow,

Secretary.



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS



OF THE



ESSEX INSTITUTE



Vol. XL. January, 1904. Xo. 1



THE NATHANIEL ROPES ESTATE.



By the will of Mary Pickman Ropes, dated June 2,
1900, and admitted to Probate, November 9, 1903, the
Essex Institute acquires a residuar}- interest in the fine
old homestead estate on Essex Street in Salem, opposite
the head of Cambridge Street. This bequest is made for
the purpose of establishing and maintaining, in Salem, a
free public School of Botany, as a perpetual memorial to
the family of Nathaniel Ropes. To carry this noble design
into effect, an interest in considerable parcels of real
estate in Salem and Dan vers, and in various enumerated
stocks and bonds, together being sufficient for the en-
dowment of such a school, are also devised to the Essex
Institute, thus assuring to the public a free School of
Botany, provided with means enough to make it a lasting
boon and ornament to Salem and the County. The
conditions enjoined upon the Essex Institute in the
administration of this trust seem, so far as it is possible
to anticipate the test of actual experience, to be such as
the Institute, had it been consulted, would have desired
to prescribe in accepting the gift.

The kindly inclination of the Testatrix towards the
Essex Institute was already matter of record. She was

(1)



2 THE NATHANIEL ROPES ESTATE.

for years an active member of the Institute, and had also
been a member of the Woman's History Class during the
period of its activity, and there is on its tiles, deposited
with us, ;i paper prepared by Miss Ropes, and presented
February 11), 1895, dealing with the genealogy of a
branch of the Orne Family which was connected with her
own. It closes with these appreciative words : "At some
niture time, when sufficient data had thus been collected,
it would be a pleasure to revise, amend, supplement or
even rewrite the present manuscript, if thereby it might
become a true and reliable history of John Home, worthy
of preservation in the archives of the only Essex
Institute."

The gift of a School of Botany will greatly enlarge the
equipment of the Institute. We have been sadly unable,
of late years, from various causes, to do anything like
justice to our obligations to science. No one whose
privilege it Avas to know Dr. Asa Gray, needs to be told
how delightful a study is botany. A large element in
the working force of the Institute has always been
contributed by women, and with women a knowledge of
botany is ever a specially graceful accomplishment.
Had the Essex Institute accepted, in 1867, the conditions
of the munificent offer of the London banker, George
Peabody, our scientific side would, since that day, have
been more adequately developed. Now at last we shall
be able to do, for botany certainly, our full share. And
the Institute may well congratulate not only itself but the
general public around it, on the broad outlines of the gift
sketched by the Testatrix.

The terms of the will are as follows :

"I give and bequeath to my sister, Eliza Orne Ropes,
if she be living at my decease, all the property both real
and personal of which I die possessed, to have and to hold
the same so long as she shall live, and to invest or dispose
of the income as she may wish. Upon the decease of mj r
.sister Eliza Orne Ropes, I desire that the following
disposition shall be made of my real estate and personal
property.

"To the Essex Institute, Salem, Massachusetts, I give all
my one-half interest in the house No. 318 Essex street —



THE NATHANIEL ROPES ESTATE. 6

the Nathaniel Ropes homestead for four generations, with
the ground under and the garden attached thereto, — my
one-half interest also in the furniture, carpets, silverware,
china, portraits and other pictures, books, trunk of antique
clothing, watches, jewelry, bric-a-brac, etc., etc., that the
house may not, in the least degree, be dismantled, but
stand forever as a memorial to the family of Nathaniel
Ropes. It is my wish that the house shall be kept open
to visitors, who may desire to see the collection of
household antiques, and that a custodian shall live in the
house for the care and preservation of the same and its
contents. It is my wish that no public meetings or crowded
receptions shall beheld in the house, and that visitors shall
not be admitted in crowds. It is my wish that the garden
attached to the house shall be used for the cultivation of
such flowers, plants, shrubs, trees &c as may be useful in
the study of botany, leaving always the forest-trees on the
fore-ground as they have been for many years, and that
the grounds shall be kept open for the enjoyment of the
public so far as practicable, and shall be freely used by all
students of botany whether in public schools or private
classes. To encourage an interest in the study of botany
in the City of Salem, it is my wish that as good an
instructor as can be obtained shall hold classes in the house,
annually, for as many weeks or for as many lectures as
the management of the Institute may approve — the class
in no instance to exceed the capacity of one of the eastern
rooms upon the lower floor of the house. As I shall
hereafter provide for the expense of these lectures, it is
my wish that the instruction shall be free to all who desire
to benefit by it, the management of the Institute making
only such conditions and rules as may be deemed necessary
in furthering the best interests of the class. In order
that the Essex Institute may, without financial em-
barrassment, carry out the intention of the testatrix
in making the above bequests, I give and bequeath to the
Essex Institute the following real and personal property,
the income of which to be applied to the support of the
objects named above.

"a. All my one-half interest in the house next east of
the Homestead, with the ground under and the yard



4 THE NATHANIEL ROPES ESTATE.

attached thereto, known as No. 316 Essex Street. If, at
the expiration of three years, or any time thereafter, the

management of the Essex Institute shall find that there
has been a sufficient accumulation of funds to provide for
the perpetual care of the homestead and grounds, the
house No. 316 Essex street may be taken down and the
grounds thrown open to improve the appearance of the
street.

" h. All my one-half interest in seven houses on Broad
street, Xos. 19 1/2 to 25 1/2, with ground under and
attached.

All my one-half interest in six houses on Hathorne
street, Xos. 5 1/2 to 9 1/2, in all five, and Xo. 8 on the
west side of the street, with ground under and attached
to all the houses.

All my one-half interest in Orne Square — the houses
on both sides of the street with the ground under and
attached to all the houses.

My one-half interest in a lot of land in Danvers, Essex
County, Massachusetts.

My one-half interest in the Boston Water Power Stock.

All my shares of stock of the Edison Electric
Illuminating Company of Boston.

"The income of the above investments shall be applied
to the care and preservation of the homestead and grounds
Xo. 318 Essex street and, should there be a surplus
annually or at the end of any fiscal year, it shall go toward
the establishment of a Fund to meet any extraordinary
expense that may arise in the future, or to purchase
adjoining property should there be an opportunity, so
that the lot may acquire something of its original
dimensions and finally open through to Federal street.

" c. My old Colony Railroad bonds, six in number,
Sl>0()0.()0, the income to be applied to the course of
lectures or class-instruction in botany. The above gifts
to the Essex Institute are on the express condition that
said Essex Institute substantially carry out and fulfil the
above directions and wishes of the testatrix as above
set forth."

We now come to consider in more detail the estate in
which the Institute has just acquired, through the



THE NATHANIEL EOPES ESTATE. 5

munificence of Miss Mary Pickman Ropes, a valuable
interest. The mansion house of Nathaniel Ropes, which
now occupies the Essex Street front of the estate except
for a narrow dwelling at its eastern corner, probably
dates back to 1719, and has been in the Ropes name since
17(38. The smaller building has, at different periods,
served 'Squire Savage as an office, — Mayor Stephen
Palfrey Webb as a residence, — and Dr. Henry Osgood
Stone as a consulting room. On the 7th of January,
1718, the day on which General Israel Putnam was born,
his father owned the Ropes estate.

Nathaniel Ropes, the first of the name and the father
of that Nathaniel who, in 1768, bought this estate, was
born at Salem, in the terrible Witchcraft year. He is the
grantee in a deed from the heirs of "the Honourable
Colonel John Hathorne, esquire, deceased," conveying to
him, August 2, 1 72(3, a part of the Hathorne homestead
estate. He was of the third generation from George
Ropes, who was here as early as 1(337, and was a Church
member and a landholder soon after. The grandson,
the first Nathaniel, married Abigail Lindall Pickman,
daughter of Captain Benjamin Pickman, born in February,
170(3, and who died in 1775. On the lot bought of the
Hathorne heirs in August, 172(3, since known as the John
Appleton property and lying on the southerly side of the
Main Street a little west from Town House Square, he
built a homestead appraised, April 15, 1774, at £800.
He died, October 22, 1752, as his gravestone in the
Broad Street Cemetery attests, at the age of sixty.

This Nathaniel, the first of the name, had by his wife
Abigail an only child and namesake, born May 20, 172<3 .
who died, tragically, March 18, 1774, in the house which
is the subject of this paper, and which he bought,
November 30, 1708, from the Barnard heirs, kinsmen of
the Reverend Thomas Barnard of North Bridge celebrity.
The estate, which he was previously occupying, extended
to the North River. He married, September 25, 1755.
Priscilla, daughter of the Reverend John Sparhawk,
sometime pastor of the First Church in Salem and a
kinsman of Sir William Pepperrell. She died, March
19, 1798, and rests by his side near Summer Street at the



6 THE NATHANIEL ROPES ESTATE.

Old Burying Hill. It is not without interest to know
that both the Bamards and the Ropeses had an ancestor
killed at Bloody Brook.

The maternal grandparents of Priscilla Sparhawk were
the Reverend Aaron and his wife Susan (Sewall) Porter,
and it was their wedding, celebrated on Oct. 22, 1713,
of which Chief-Justice Samuel Sewall gives, in his famous
diary, so quaint a picture as having occurred at the
residence of his brother, Registrar Stephen Sewall,
living at the time on Essex, near Sewall Street. The
entry in Judge SewalPs diary for the day of the wedding
of his niece is a curious medley of Church Psalmody and
Sack-Posset. Sack-Posset was a curd flavored with wine
and spice, — a choice dainty at weddings.* Among the
guests are named Madam Leverett, and Neighbor Hirst
and his wife. "Was a pretty deal of Company present;
Many young Gentlemen and Gentlewomen." M r . Noyes,'
the officiating clergyman, "made a Speech, — said Love
was the Sugar to sweeten every Condition in the married
Relation. Pray'd once. Did all very well. After the
Sack-Posset, &c. Sung the forty-fifth Psalm from the
eighth verse to the end, five staves. I set it to Windsor
Tune. I had a very good Turkey-Leather Psalm-Book
which T look'd in while M r . Noyes Read : and then I gave
it to the Bridegroom saving, r I give you this Psalm
Book in order to your perpetuating this Song : and I
would have you pray that it may be an Introduction to
our Singing with the Choir above." I lodg'd at M r .
Hirst's." Major Hirst's son married Chief-Justice Se wall's
daughter.

The second Nathaniel, the only child of Nathaniel and
Abigail, born May 20, 172(5, was graduated at Harvard
in 174f>, and chose the Law for his profession. He
achieved an early distinction at the Bar. He was chosen
to represent Salem in the General Court for 1760—61,
and thereupon was appointed one of four Justices of the
Inferior Court of Common Pleas for the County, and
from 17112 to 1768 inclusive was also it member of the
Executive Council. He was Chief Justice of the Inferior

. • M:i^s. lliht. ( loll. Fifth Series, Vol. vi. pp. 403-4-6.



THE NATHANIEL ROPES ESTATE. 7

Court of Common Pleas for six years, and was for six
years Judge of Probate for this County, holding these
responsible positions from 176(3 until 1772, when he
resigned them to become a Justice of the Superior Court
of Judicature. At the last named date he was elected a
Ruling Elder of the First Church in Salem. The
intolerable arrogance of the Mother Country was now
hastening to its inevitable issue. In 1773, at its first
session, the General Court began to insist that the Judges
should receive no compensation from the Crown and, on
March 3, a Resolution had passed enacting, as the opinion
of the Lower House, " that, while the Justices of the
Superior Court hold their Commissions during Pleasure,
any one of them who shall accept of and depend upon the
Pleasure of the Crown for his Support, independent of
the Grants and Acts of the General Assembly, will
discover to the World that he has not a due Sense of the
Importance of an Impartial Administration of Justice,
that he is an enemy to the Constitution, and has it in his
Heart to promote the Establishment of an arbitrary
Government in the Province." In February, 1774, four
of the Judges, namely Trowbridge, Hutchinson, Ropes,
and Gushing, replied to the Assembly that they had
received no part of the allowance from the King. Before
his fatal illness Judge Ropes had resigned his Judicial
office.

Three sons and three daughters composed his household.
The eldest son, born June 13, 1759, succeeded to his
name, and lived at different times in Salem and on his
farm at Dan vers. He was a merchant, and died, August
8, 1806. This third Nathaniel married, April 17, 1791,
Sarah, the daughter of Dr. Ebenezer Putnam. His
brother John married a daughter of Jonathan Haraden,
the famous sea-fighter and captain of the " Tyrannicide."
Another son died young. Of the three daughters of
Judge Ropes, one married William Orne, a merchant,
whose daughter Eliza, becoming the wife of Judge Daniel
Appleton White, the first President of the Institute, was
the mother of an only child, the Reverend William Orne
White, and through him the grandmother of Eliza Orne
White, a writer of distinction. Another daughter of



8 THE NATHANIEL ROPES ESTATE.

Judge Elopes married Jonathan Hodges, a kinsman of
Joseph Hodges Choate. The third married Samuel
Curwen Ward, and became the mother of George Atkinson
Ward and the grandmother of George Rea Curwen.

The fourth Nathaniel, born at Salem. October 14, 17 ( .»3.
was a son of Nathaniel last named by his wife Surah.
He married, July 10, 182(1, Sarah Evans Brown of
Cincinnati, Ohio, where he resided and was a merchant
and where he died July 19, Ins;*. They had three sons,
one of them, the last Nathaniel (II. V. 1855), born at
Cincinnati, January 7, 1833, who immediately after
graduation, established himself at Cincinnati, and was for
ten years in business there with his father, and after 1866
resided in the ancestral home at Salem with his widowed
aunt, Mrs. Joseph Orne. He built Orne Square. Henry
FitzGilbert Waters and James Arthur Emmerton were
among his classmates. He was an active member of the
Essex Institute after 1870, and died at Salem, February
6, 1893.

The estate upon which Judge Nathaniel Hopes lived,
and which he bought from the heirs of Samuel Barnard
in 1768, was a narrow strip six or seven rods wide, and
originally extended, like all the adjoining estates, from
the Main Street to the North River. In 1 76.">-,s the new
thoroughfare, now known as "Federal Street." was
pushing its way across these elongated parcels of land,
until it finally superseded the eight-foot pathway along
the river-bank, beside which the early settlers, in those
primitive times when most of their transportation was
water-borne, had beached their " water-horses." From
time to time, rear lots had been set oil' from the Hopes
estate, and when these ancestral acres had been reduced
to the area lying south of Federal Street, Federal Court
was laid out, and lots on both sides of it were sold until,
of the whole original acreage, less than fifty thousand
square-feet now stand recorded in the family name.

It was no unnatural impulse of the Testatrix, — a close
student of our past, — which moved her to provide that
the ancient lines of this domain might be restored, if
opportunity should offer, as far as Federal Street, and
that the estates about Federal Court might be acquired



THE NATHANIEL ROPES ESTATE. 9

byj purchase from time to time for the Botanical School,
and thus added to the Memorial estate.




The mansion house was probably built about 1719.
It seems to have superseded a more modest dwelling,



10 THE NATHANIEL ROPES ESTATE.

probably built near the same spot, by Philip Veren,
before 1662. The title to the estate passed through
Putnams, Lindalls and Barnards to Nathaniel Hopes.

The lines of the original estate, which, to some
considerable extent the [nstitute may possibly be enabled
to restore, ran. as we have seen, from the Main Street
to the North River. There was no Federal Street laid
out before 1 7 *> 5 , and before 17. r ><t there was no suspicion
of the lane which foreshadowed it, and which bore at
different periods such names as " the town way," " the
back street" and "the new street." until, in 1792, it was
officially designated by the name of Federal Street.

The story of the Toppan-Piekman-Enmierton home-
stead, adjoining the Ropes estate on the west, it is not
difficult to state. In 1640 this was the residence of Allan
Kvnaston or Kenniston, "mariner," whom Mr. Henry F.
Waters lias traced as having married, at St. Dunstan's,
Stepney, Katcliffe, July 2, 1628, Doraty or Dorothy
Turduffe, and she it must have been who. becoming
Kynaston's or Kenniston's widow, married, before 1665,
Philip Cromwell. " slaughterer," and thus put him in
possession of this estate. She died, Sept r 2, 1673, at the
age of sixty-seven, as the slate-stone slab standing in the
Charter Street Ground records, and her remains enjoy
the unique distinction of resting under the most ancient
grave-stone now preserved in Salem. From Leaf seven
of the first Book of recorded Essex Deeds it appears that
this home was once strangely hypothecated after this
wise : " Phillip Cromwell, before he married his now wife
Dorothy Kvnaston. did covenant to give hir tenn Cowes
and for hir security thereof did make over to the said
Dorothy his Dwelling house iSc ground and the house the
said Dorothy then lived in. as by a writing Dated tin-
tenth day of the 2d moneth 1649 more at Lardge
ap'eth." In 1680 Cromwell conveyed this estate to
William Hirst, and from Hirst it passed, after 1717, to
Mary Barton Toppan who became, April 22, 1762, the
wife of Dr. Thomas Pickman, a son of Col. Benjamin
Pickman,and they built upon it, about 1812-18, the fine,
brick mansion, so greatly improved, in 1885, by the
Emmertons, and since then the residence of that family.



THE NATHANIEL ROPES ESTATE. 11

Between 1807 and 1810 there seem to have stood on this
estate several little shops. At this period and later,



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