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with copies ])hoto-engraved from actual writ-
ing, and complete instructions.

Address II. C. Rowland, Columbus, O.

Scranton, Pa., March 22, 1897.
—Portraiture just to hand. It exceeds my most
sanguine expectations. John W. Manveu.

.\t this writing the Zanerian presents a very busy
appearance. Students are here from many difTer-
ent states — the attendance being quite large — and
all are here for work, .\mong them are persons
who have long since been recognized as penmen.

Hard workers who wish to accomplish something
along the lines of Penmanship and Drawing, or
Practical Business Kducation. will find the atmos-
phere in the Zanerian highly congenial.





— We are always pleased to receive items of
interest from Zanerian pupils. F^very Zaner-
ian wants to know what every other Zanerian
is doing. When you change positions, start a
school, get married, have a baby, die, or do
anything of interest to other Zanerians, let us
know of it. A great army of Zanerian pujuls
anxiously await the coming of each issue of
The Penman and Artist. It is the only
means through which they can learn what is
going on in the Zanerian world.

— The next issue of The Penman and
Artist will be sent only to subscribers No
free sample copies will be sent out. It will
be the best number yet.

Rogersville, Mo., May 11, 1897.
—I think your work entitled " Zanerian Theory
of Penmanship" is the grandest book I have ever
read on the subject. J. C. Vanzandt.

Every young jienman, and every one who
intends to become a jienman, should give
"Theory" a careful reading. It will put
good ideas in your head as well as tine forms
in your fist. It contains the best thought on
this subject of the master mind (he also has
the master hand) of the profession — V, P.
Zaner. Get a copy and profit by his experi-
ence and advice. Price $1.00, postpaid.

— 1 shall never forget the days spent in the Zaner-
ian. They were the most pleasant, and I believe
will prove the most profitable, of any in my life.
A. C. Ives, Watertown, N. Y.

Mr. Ives completed a course in the Zanerian
a few months ago, and the above paragrajjh
was the closing one in a recent letter from
him. He is now making arrangements to
open a school of his own, and will no douljt
make a success of his undertaking. He is an
experienced teacher of the commercial branch-
es and a very fine penman. Mr. Ives has our
thanks for several magnificent penholders
made by his own hand from a piece of red
cedar that has been doing service in Water-
town for about a century. The holders ar<'
about 18 inches long and very light in weight.

— Mr. E. S. Gause, an old Zanerian boy
who for (juite a number of years past has
been connected with Hill's Business C<)iiege,
of Waco, Texas, sev(M'e<l his connection with
that institution in March and became a pro-
prietor of the Metropolitan lUisiness ('ollege,
of Dallas, Texas. On the 28th of the follow-
ing month he was married to Miss Annie
Swain, of Kirk, Texas. Mr. (^ause has our
heartiest congratulations and sincerest wishes
that both steps may prove successful in the
highest degree.

— Mr, A. D. Rose, an old Zanerian boy,
who is one of the |)roprietors of the Ludington
(Mich.) Business College, is also interested in
the Manistee (Mich.) Business College. Mr.
Rose writes: " We organized the Manistee
College last fall and are running it in connec-
tion with our Ludington College. We are
meeting with good success at both places."
We notice that Mr. Rose has taken up the
Zanerian Simplified style of business writing
and is mastering it nicely.

Polvtechnic Institute,

Brooklyn, N. Y., May 4, 1897.
— I have received a letter of inquiry from a gen-
tleman concerning the Zanerian. I have endeav-
ored to show the gratitude I feel toward the Zaner-
ian in my reply to him. I wish 1 might have
occasion to show my appreciation of your past
good offices in my behalf more frequently in a
similar way. Whenever occasion presents itself
you will find me on deck for the Zanerian. I seem
to be one of the Polytechnic fixtures now. I be-
lieve I am booked for another year.

Yours loyally, G. C. Raynor.

Wray, Col., Jan. 1, 1897.
— Your Zanerian Fine Writer Pen is without an
equal. C. S. Hammock.

— A neat, well illustrated, and well gotten
up catalogue of the Pottstown (Pa.) Business
College has been received. Mr. Newton
Wanger, a "Jo Zanerian, and Mr. F. E. Kelly
are propYietors. These enterprising gentle-
men have also opened another school at Lock
Haven, Pa.

Hope Nortnal and Business College,

Hope, Ind.. Feb. 26, 1897.
— Lnst fall you recommended to our considera-
tion Mr. K. B. Hull for pen work. We secured his
services and he is doing very well indeed. Every
one is well pleased with his ability. All have
naught liut praise for his work. Enclosed find
SI. 00, for which please send me a gross Zanerian
Fine Writer Pens, and oblige, C. C. Kagey.

This speaks well for Mr. Hull. We never
recommond anyone for a position unless we
feel certain that he is just the man for the
place. This is why our pupils hold their

Mt. Albion, Ont., Canada.

— I have a copy of Zanerian Theory of Penman-
ship. It is a grand book — the best on the subject
I have ever seen. J. E. Tcrner.

— Mr. W. B. Flickiuger, an old Zanerian
boy, sent us a jdiotograph of a large piece of
very creditable pen work which he recently

— Mr. R. (t. Laird, special teacher of pcn-
numshi]! in Eastern Business College, I'ough-
keepsie, N. Y., a gentleman whom we are
pleased to number aiiu>ng Zanerian jtupils, is
making about !? loO per month now — an
amount not to he sneezed at these times. But
he's busy.

Draughon's Business College,

Tcxarkana, Texas, April 2, 1897.
— We think the Zanerian Fine Writer Pen has no
equal. The college boys think they have found a
pen in the Kine Writer that will almost do its own
writing. Find draft enclosed for five gross more.

V. M. Stonk.

Wallingford, Conn., March 22, 1897.
— Portraiture received, and it is beyond what I
could have expected. G. F. Atkinson.


The original diawiiij; was life size. Have your mother, wife, sister, or someone else's sister pose for
you some evening by the lamp while you attempt to do as well. The attempt is what is necessary for
success. If at first you do not succeed, attempt again and again until you do.

Munhall, Pa., March 3, 1897.
—Enclosed find 10 cents, for which please renew
my subscription to the Penm.\n and Aktist. It is
worth ten times its cost. I am doing well along
the line of Penmanship this year. Have charge of
eight rooms, and have introduced the Zanerian
System of Simplified Writing and find the results
to be much in advance of the old Spencerian style.
L. M. C.\i.invi:i,i..
Score another for Zanerian Siiiiiilitied. It's
gaining. Its converts are multiplying rap-
idly. It's no fad, boys. It's along the line
of true progress; less effort, less skill and
riioveiuent re(|uired: brief, sensible; just what
the business world wants and needs. It sticks
when it gets a hold. Try it.

— Mr. C. .1. Ilalstead, a '9-J Zanerian, jiaid
us a visit a short time ago. lie was on his
way from Pennsylvania to Wyandotte, Mich.,
where he has a good position. Mr. II. savs
that his Zanerian training has had much to
do with his success.

^Mr. A. F. Regal, of the Actual Business
College, Akron, ()., resigned his position
there to accej)! a more lucrative one with the
Butler Business College, Butler, Pa. Mr.
Regal is a '94 Zanerian, and it was through the
etforts of the Zanerian that he secured the




The Autobiography of a Penman.


Chapter II.
The heaviness that fell iqion my heart after
having its strings thus stretched and severed
can be imagined and felt only by those who
have been in love and out. For, dear reader,
1 wish you to know the whole truth. It was
not she alone who was at fault. I was young
(it is not a crime to be young nor to be old),
and therefore inexperienced, and I expected
too much. Youth usually expects too much
or unreasonable things. I expected perfec-
tion, and as soon as I detected imperfection
I revealed my own abnormal expectations.
She detected iny disappointment and turned
it into mortification by telling me I might go.
Thus it was that by mutual misunderstandings
and youthful regrets, we parted as good
friends as could be expected under similar
circumstances — she to go her way and I to go

While thus depressed and dejected (for the
parting of the tirst-love goes hard, as you
well know), I chanced to meet a promising
and vivacious rival of my first-love. My
spirits began to revive, my heart yearn and
throb, and ere I was aware I found myself
again in love. And who could have resisted
such charms, such bewitching movements and
fantastic flourishes? Surely not I. Nor could
YOU unless you would have had more experi-
ence and a colder, more calculating heart than
I possessed. For her appearance on the stage
of life was heralde'd near and far by the
advance agent (the jirofessor) by means of
poster-like circulars as the most charming,
captivating creature ever created. She was,
so he said, the embodiment of beauty and of
business — the epitome of that which was
ornamental as well as serviceable. She had
charms more brilliant and enduring, so I
thought, than Miss Beauty, so I lost no time
in casting out the first idol of my heart. For
a couple of years, while basking in the sun-
shine of favor of

life seemed a perennial spring of happiness
and ])romise. But alas, she who had so
quickly won my heart was fast breaking it.
She was too rapid to tie to. She was too
coquettish for me. While before the foot-
lights of favor she could dash off, with seem-
ing accuracy and bewildering skill, many
beautiful combinations and Hjtiral-like curves,
all of whicli faded into myths of scrawls wlien
examined in the broad daylight of scientific
scrutiny. Upon diligent (but not delightful)
inquiry I discovered that her j)enmanship.

while apparently rapid and beautiful under
favorable circumstances (such as combining
large capitals and executing flying fowl), de-
generated into a mere illegible lightning-like
scrawl when applied to the expression of direct
and ready thought. Upon further investiga-
tion I found that she, like most prepossessing
damsels on the stage of life, professed far
more than she could perform. Like many
penmen who profess to write beautifully and
at the same time with remarkable rajudity, but
who failed to do so when watched and timed,
so the signature of

when viewed upon the hotel register or at the
bottom of a proiuissoi-y note (for she promised
much) looked more like a set of tangled old
harness than a signature should. She prom-
ised too much (until she got my money) to be
consistent with possibility, so we parted as
quickly and happily as we met, and "never
speak as we pass by." One thing she taught
me, and it was, liow NOT to love. I also
learned how NOT to write. At least 1 learned
that to write rapidly one should omit flour-
ishes and foolishness, or to write beautifully
one should omit so much speed. I learned,
eventually, that those who promise the most
pay the least, and those who write so well
with their mouths rarely ever do much with
their pens. Better it is to write moderately
well at all times than to write i)henomenally
on the blackboard or on a card, hut miserably
in the ledger or in correspondence. Better it
is to be sober and honest and tolerably talented
and industrious at all times, than to l)e daz-
zlingly brilliant one hour and hilariously
intemperate tiie next.

[To be continued.]


103 Duane St., New York, April 15, 1897.

I have devoured every paf?e of your "Portraiture"
with unusual relish; knowing what it costs to pro-
duce a modern book.

I cannot help the conviction that the road to Art
is through Penmanship. I have seen many penmen
eventuate artists, like yourself, hut do not recall
artists as excelling in penmanship, hut rather the
reverse. Had R. R. Spencer, .John I). Williams,
Alexander Cowley and others applied their genius
to the fine arts as you have done, they might have
rivalled Michael Angelo, Hogarth, and the rest.
I admire your skill, taste, and wisdom.
Your appreciative friend,

H. W. Rli.swokth.

Mr. Ellsworth was an entiiusiastic iiciiiiiaii
before any of us were born. Ilis words slioiild
receive close attention.

Meadville, Pa., May 1, 1897.
— Your beautiful and inspiring works on pen-
manship received. Portraiture is simply grand,
and the Flourished Eagle is a poem in itself. I
never see a scrap of your writing or pen work
without feeling bettered along that line.

(). K. Hovis.

Mr. lIovJs ordered quite a number of our
works, and the above is what he wrote us
when he received them.

^Wt^^ 7

This is tlie kind of penmanship that is in denianil.
Il is the winninjj hand. Come and acquiie it and be
up to date.

Elliott's Business Collge,

Rurlingrton, la., March 25, 1897.
—Enclosed find a dime for the Pknm.^vn and Art-
ist. I am always glad to hear from the Zanerian.
It is a source of pride and satisfaction to be
acquainted with such an institution and such nieii
as are at the head of it. I am glad to note the
steady, substantial progress you are constantly
making along all lines. ,1. H. Cakotheks.

— Aiiolhor Zanerian, .\rr. (t. S. iMc('liii-r,
has iiroiuoted liiiiisell t'roiii eiu|il()yt' to e.ii-
ployer. He has Ijeen connecteil witli tlie ("ol-
lefje of Coininerfe, llai-rishnf'^, I'a., but is
now a itrujirietor of the Carlisle ('oiiiiiiei'cial
Collefije, Carlisle, Pa. In liis new undertaking
the Zanerian wislies him unieh siU'cess. In a
recent letter Mr. Mi-Clure says : " We have
been in possession of tiie school since Jan. 4,
and are getting along tine. It gives lue much
jdeasure to notice the onward mari-h of the
Zanerian. May it forever continue to add new
laurels to its crown as it lias done in the jiast."

— Mr. E. < ). Brocknian, a young South Car-
olina gentleman who came to the Zanerian in
'95, and again during the early i)art of tliis
year, was recently married to Miss .Jennie
Benbow, a charming Colinnbtis lady. Imme-
diately after the marriage ceremony they left
for Atlanta, Ga., thence to Mr. Hrockman's
home in S. C., and they are now in New York
City, where Mr. Brockman has a position.
The Zanerian certainly wishes the happy
couple much success and liai)pine8s.

Writing Paper.

The paper termed by the Zanerian " Finest
Obtainable" is without question the very finest
made for penmanship practice and tine letter-
writing. We are now selling it at remarkably
low rates. It conies put up in 'j-reani pack-
ages, convenient for selling to pupils. It weighs
10 lbs. per ream of 960 sheets. Size of sheet, 8 x
]0'._, inches. Ruling is wide and faint. Ruled
on one or both sides as desired. We now sell it at
$1.95 a ream in 25'ream lots.
$1.97 a ream in IO=ream lots.
$2.00 a ream in 6=ream lots.
At these rates and in these lots paper is sent
by freight, thus saving purchasers express
V charges. Freight rates are very low in compar-
/ ison. This paper is not to be compared with
cheap 10-lb. papers. It delights students, and
at our prices all can afford to use it. Get the
best for them. Now is the time to place your
fall orders.

If you want some of the paper quick we will
send it by express at the following rates :
I to 5 Reams at $2.00 per ream.
'._, Ream by Express, $1.10.
100 Sheets by Alail, postpaid, 60c.
Sample sheets for stamp. must accom-
pany orders. Profits too small to keep accounts.
"Finest Obtainable" is a high grade paper.
We also carry medium grade papers at prices
to correspond. Write us when you want paper.
Columbus, O.



[Continued from previous issue.]
To correct these evils or mistakes I know of
but one safe, sure, immediate way. That way
consists in simplying form. By so doing we
can increase legibility and speed, the two par-
amount essentials in writing. There is no use
to quibble any longer about beauty of form in
business. It "is as much out of place in busi-
ness penmanship as patent-leather shoes in
the corntield. If we do away with so much
beauty and complexity we can also diminish
skill and lessen effort. Fancy movements are
about as abominable in business writing as
fancy forms. The two go t(jgether, and I for
one am heartily in favor of letting them go.
To teach all one movement is about as irration-
al as it has proven to be to teach all one par-
ticular slant. What we want is to give the
learner more license in choosing his style, and
and he wiU then take more interest in it,
knowing it to be his own.

To be more specific in my thoughts as re-
gards simplification of letters, will say that
the first step is to reduce ca^dtals both in
strokes and size, shorten and discard loops,
omit unnecessary initial and final lines, culti-
vate less slant, round the turns and sharpen
the angles, and discard shade and fine lines.
Do this and by that time we can see our way
clear to do as much more. Radical changes
are out of the question. The peoi)le will not
accept them of a sudden. We must lead the
way with care.

One thing we must learn, and that is tol-
erance. We as penmen must learn, and
learn it soon if we would retain and win the
confidence of educators, to be tolerant in dic-
tating to pupils and teachers specific forms,
slants, and movements. The sooner we learn
that all children are unlike and require dif-
ferent instruction, the sooner will we be en-
abled to produce permanent and jjroper results.

There has been and is to-day entirely too
much machine-like teaching. The pupil's
individuality is too frequently nipped in the
bud, suppressed, and ridiculed by dictatorial,
one-sided teachers. The sooner we learn that
the wrist need not be held flat ; that the
holder need not point toward the shoulder ;
that the pen need not be held in the orthodox
or customary manner ; that it can be held
between the first and second finger as well as
otherwise ; that the elbow may shift to the
right while writing ; that the muscles of the
hand and arm are for use rather than inactiv-
ity ; that one movement is as good as another
so long as the results are the same ; that there
is no one royal road for all, but that there is
for each. The sooner we learn these things,
I say, the better.

You may think them heretical, but I am
glad your thinking (if you think that way)
does not make them so. You may say that
this does not seem to be ''simplifying" inat-
ters. But I say it is the very essence of sim-
plicity. To study your pupil and present
that which he needs, and only that, is far

better than to deal out to him a bewildering
lot of exercises. The old calomel method
of treating patients is a thing of the past ; so
will be much of our present method of teach-
ing penmanship.

To my mind we are divided into two classes.
One class insists upon some one form, slant,
and size being given, on the ground that they
are "ideal," regardless of personality, pecul-
iarity, or profession. The other class insists
as unrelentingly upon some one position,
movement, and speed, regardless of the diver-
sity of human action and condition.

I am free to confess that I cannot submit to
either of these creeds. But I can find some
golden grains of truth in each, and by uniting
them produce a creed of my own. I grant to
you the same privilege. I would not only
.grant the privilege of selecting your own
creed, but insist that it is your duty to do so.
And I wouldn't advise anyone to take it be-
cause someone else said it was right. Accept
only such which appears right and retain only
that which proves right in practice.

My creed, therefore, would be made up
something on this order : I believe in one
way, and that is a multiple of many; I believe
in developing rather than suppressing indi-
viduality; I believe in simplicity rather than
elaborateness of form ; I believe in basing our
penmanship on legibility rather than Ijeauty;
I believe in using easy rather than skillful
movements; I believe in using all muscles of
the hand and arm a little rather than a few a
great deal; I believe in any slant within 30°
to the right or left of the perpendicular; I
believe in holding the pen differently than
has l)een very universally taught — almost any
way but the old penny-on-the-wrist, slide-on-
the-nails, point-to-the-shoulder position; I be-
lieve in many more things (and there are
many in which I do not believe because I do
not know); and lastly, I believe I had better
not tell all I believe, or you will believe 1 am
an unbelieving believer.

You may think that I am rather severe in
my insinuations as to the methods generally
employed in the present and immediate past,
but remember I consider myself as one of the
crowd having used theiu. I am proud of the
work being done and hopeful of the future. I
am hopeful, confident, because there is so much
agitation. And agitation always means dis-
content. Discontent means desire for im-
provement. Desire, in the long run, develops
into determination. Determination means

Whatever reform is proposed or submitted
for trial, let us be as tolerant toward it as
possilile. Let us examine it, understand it;
then, if it appears rational, try it. Test it in
the school of exjierience. We cannot well
determine in advance of practice the merits
or demerits of any system of ])enmanship.
Therefore let us not say we are content with
the iiand our fathers used; we are satisfied.
Of all sad words these are the saddest : "I
am content; 1 am not anxious to know more."



TTUiXua^-Ul^: 7L,C^ ( , / ^^ 1 .


M) oXAj^.'y'^\J>-\^\JD)UynA^.



'uo-^Jw-^^j -x/i^iv 0-^^yiy

■ ■ I ■ ?


Who says Vertical is slow?
Slow are the ones who say so.

Instead of looking bai'kvvard, let ii8 look
ahead. Let us resolve to meet the dawn of
the twentieth eentnry witli a far swifter and
simpler system of penmanship than we have
tn-day. Let us be [)ropared to meet the new
i'e(|uirements witli a style of |)enmanship in
keeping with other inventions. Let us evolute
our long-hand until it becomes a short-hand.
Li)ng is too slow a word in these days of dis-
]iateh. By adopting the reforms suggested in
(his paper we ean shorten our penmanship
nearly one-iialf without diminisliing legibility
nor increasing tlie skill. By the time we
become accustomed to these changes we will
then be enabled to reduce it anotlier half. By
that time we will see how to reiliice its length
still more, or do away with it altogether. 1
expect to see this time. If not before death,
I will after. But I want to anticijtate Death.
I want to do what I can to bring about this
change before Death comes along. Wy so
doing 1 will get the credit and not he. Do
you, fellow teachers, want to have a good big
credit in the ledger of life? If so, be up and


Maiden, Mass., March 13, 1897.
Enclosed find remittance, for which please send
me Zanerian Fine Writer Pens. They are the best
pens I ever used. J. L. Howard.

Mr. Howard is Supervisor of I'enuumship
in the public schools of ALilden, and is evi-
dently meeting with iiuich success in his work.
We notice in the lieport of School C<jmmittee
of that place the following regarding Mr.
Howard: '' Maiden has taken a forward step,
one that will be followed by other cities now
watching our work with great interest. The
committee were fortunate in seiniring the
servii'es of Mr. .1. L. Howard, of Brattlctxiro,
\'t., wiiose work in that city and in Bellows
Falls had made the schools of tiiose cities
known the country over for their spei'ial ex-
cellence in penmanship. Mr. Howard's work
in Maiden has been most satisfactory, and
superintendent and teachers join the connuit-
tee in rei-ognizing this fact." Mr. Howard
attended the Zanerian in '9o.

Holy Ghost College,

Pittsburg, Pa., March 27, 1897.
— Portraiture has arrived and is a real work of
art, possessing in a high degree the charms usual
to Zanerian putjlications. J. B. Topham.





The first issue has gone forth and we think

Online Libraryetc Florida. LawsThe Zanerian Exponent and The Penman and Artist (Volume 1-4) → online text (page 19 of 36)