OF CAL [FORNIA
A DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE
IN THE COLLECTION OF
SIR EVAN DA VIES JONES, BART., M.P.
OF PENTOWER, FISHGUARD
A CATALOGUE, WITH BIOGRAPHICAL
AND DESCRIPTIVE NOTES
HERBERT M. VAUGHAN, F.S.A.
A. L. HUMPHREYS, 187 Piccadilly
I WAS fortunate to receive a volunteer offer
from my friend, Mr Herbert M. Vaughan,
to arrange, catalogue, and describe my col-
lection of Welsh Book-Plates. His know-
ledge of the subject, especially in regard to its
Welsh application, is, I think, unrivalled.
The collection, which contains about fourteen
hundred examples, is the result of a very de-
sultory desire, recurring at intervals during the
last fifteen years, to bring together as many
book - plates as possible having some Welsh
The desire never developed into a hobby, and
was only pursued as chance occasion offered, and
as a side issue of a more serious attempt at book
collecting, a pastime more dangerous and insidious
both to the pocket and the temper.
I did not realise that I had unconsciously
succeeded in forming a not unimportant collection
until Mr Vaughan one day descended on my library
and spied the land. I gratefully accepted his aid ;
he has attached a value to the collection which it
would not otherwise possess, and has further
increased that value by adding many rare plates
from his own collection.
One hundred and fifty copies only of this
Catalogue have been printed for private circulation
and the type has been dispersed ; 50 copies on
hand-made paper numbered I to 50, and 100
copies on ordinary paper numbered 51 to 150. I
have sent a presentation copy to each of the
following institutions, with the hope that the
valuable information compiled by Mr Vaughan
may be of interest and service in the realms of
Genealogy and Topography to future as well as
present generations, especially amongst the many
families in our self-governing Dominions and the
United States who are of Welsh origin :
Copy No. 3. National Library of Wales.
4. The Honourable Society of Cym-
5. Royal Institution of South Wales,
6. Cardiff Central Free Library,
7. University College of Wales,
8. University College of South Wales
and Monmouthshire, Cardiff.
9. University College of North Wales,
10. Swansea University College.
11. British Museum.
12. Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Copy No. 13. University Library, Cambridge.
14. John Rylands Library, Manchester.
15. Library of the Faculty of Advo-
1 6. National Library of Ireland.
17. McGill University, Montreal.
1 8. The Public Library, Toronto.
19. The Public Library of New South
20. The Public Library, Melbourne.
21. The South African Public Library,
22. Library of Congress, Washington.
23. Harvard University, Harvard.
24. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.
The number of this copy is
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
i. THE HONBLE THOMAS CORNWALLIS. Large
Jacobean Armorial. (Impaling Owen of
Orielton) . . ^ . Frontispiece
2. SR JOHN AUBREY OF LANTRITHYD. Early
Jacobean Dated Armorial . . 2
3. HOWELL GWYNNE ESQ.. / GARTH. Chippen-
dale Armorial. (By Skinner, of Bath;
signed and dated 1742) . . .34
4. E. LIBRIS THOMAS PENNANT. Chippendale
Armorial . . . .96
5. WM. SCOURFIELD ESQR. Chippendale Armorial 116
6. THE RT HONBLE LORD CHARLES SOMERSET.
Early Jacobean Dated Armorial . .120
7. R. H. VAUGHAN ESQR. Pictorial and Armorial 132
8. WILL. WORTHINGTON, M.A. Book-Pile
Armorial . . . . . 1 46
IN November, 1918, I received the whole of
the collection of the Welsh book-plates that
had been formed during several years by
Sir Evan Davies Jones, Bart., M.P. To this
I have myself added about fifty plates from my
A word of explanation is here required as to the
term " Welsh," for it covers not only the book-
plates of persons residing in Wales or the Marches,
but also people having connection with Welsh life,
as well as families of Welsh descent living in
England and Ireland and even oversea. I have
had to use my personal judgment in the matter of
inclusion and exclusion of " Welsh " book-plates,
and my attitude has been that of including rather
than excluding those with doubtful claims. Con-
sequently, this collection must contain some speci-
mens that have small right to be accounted Welsh ;
yet I think on the whole my method is a sound
one. In most cases I have been largely guided by
the heraldic bearings the vast majority of book-
plates are armorial in character rather than by
the surname or domicile.
For those who have never studied any work
dealing with the history and evolution of the
book-plate, I may state that the book-plate or
book-label or ex-libris call it which you please
came into vogue very shortly after the invention
of printing in the middle of the fifteenth century,
the early Igler and Pirkheimer plates being well
known to collectors. Gradually it became popular
on the Continent, and was common there long
before its use extended to England. Only three
English plates, all Elizabethan (those of Sir Nicholas
Bacon, Sir Thomas Tresham and Joseph Holland} are
known to have been produced in the sixteenth
century. Slowly the book-plate increased in
popularity during the seventeenth century, which
saw the fine plates of Sir Edward Littleton, Sir
Thomas Gore, Samuel Pepys and a few others ; but
it was not till the year 1698 that the book-plate
became fashionable. From that year, however,
till the present day the custom of having a label
of ownership pasted into the books both in public
and private libraries has continued unbroken.
From an artistic point of view, the book-plate
since 1698 has gone through a succession of
phases. First, there is the early "Jacobean " (so-
called) design, with a square shield surrounded by
mantling of acanthus foliage. These early Jacobean
plates are usually dated, and in most cases seem to
have belonged only to persons of high degree. In
this collection the fine armorial plates of Sir John
Aubrey and Gwyn of Llansannor are admirable
specimens of this early type, while of slightly
later date are the plates of Sir Thomas Hanmer,
Baron Robert Price and Sir Thomas Trevor.
From the simple design of plain shield and
mantling the book-plate during the reigns of Anne
and George I. began to grow more elaborate. Of
this later Jacobean style we have good examples
in the John Wogan of Wiston, the Lady Lloyd \ and
the gorgeous plate of Henrietta-Louisa Fermor,
Countess of Pomfret (nee Jeffreys of Acton), which
is one of the largest and finest plates ever engraved.
About 1730 the "Jacobean" gradually began
to merge into the Rococo, or Louis XV., or
" Chippendale," a leading characteristic of which
is the shape of the shield, that now becomes curved
and often lop-sided. The more formal later
Jacobean embellishments now give place to a riot
of flourishes and foliage, often without symmetry.
The large Thomas Pryse (of Gogerddan) is one of
the finest specimens of this phase ; but G. Davies,
Harwich^ John Myddleton^ John Hughes of Brecon
and dozens of others all offer good examples of
It may be added here that both in the later
Jacobean and the Chippendale plates a large
amount of extraneous ornament is often used.
Cherubs, " sisters allegoric," globes, books, urns,
musical instruments, curtains, mantles are intro-
duced with good effect, and in such cases the plate
is usually styled " Pictorial." In fact, the " Book-
Pile" design becomes in course of time a regular
feature, and is often so designated. The plate of
Will. Worthington is a good example of this style of
decoration. The " Mantle " too is frequently used
as a background to the shield, as in the plates
of David Lloyd and Richard Mostyn of Penbedw.
Naval and military trophies are also found (cp.
the plate of Adam Rogers).
After the " Chippendale" comes the " Festoon "
or Louis XVI. period, beginning, roughly, about
1775. Here the shield regains its symmetry but
becomes spade-shaped, and the swags of roses or
fruit, the chains of corn-husks,. the elegant pins, all
own a regular value in the scheme of ornament.
Sometimes the shield is enclosed in an ornamental
oval and forms a medallion, as in Sir William
About 1790 the heavy wreaths and loops and
light chains are discarded, only scroll- or ribbon-
work and a few sprigs of foliage or a pair of palm
branches being left. Even these ornaments, called
the " Wreath and Ribbon," soon disappear, and
we have the plain spade shield, which marks the
opening years of the nineteenth century.
About 1810 the shield loses its spade form, and
becomes first square and plain, and then a little
later appears with pointed ears. From 1830 or
thereabouts the average book-plate degenerates
into a mere " die-sinker," generally consisting of
a slightly curved shield with a mass of shaded
About 1870, however, taste began to improve,
and the Eclectic School arose. The elaborate
armorial designs of C. W. Sherborn, the portrait
plates of Stacey Marks, the choice designs of
Batchelor, Kite, Eve, Kate Greenaway and numerous
other artists of the late Victorian era are frequently
found. There are several excellent examples of
this modern school included in this collection,
of special notice among them being the plates of
Lord Kenyan, Dr J. L. Proper t, Harry Arthur
James, Sir John Rhys, Muriel Rogers, etc.
Mention should also be made of the " Land-
scape " Plates, which curiously enough reached
their highest point of excellence in the first
quarter of the nineteenth century. Some of these
were designed by Bewick, Sherwin, or their pupils,
and are of great beauty. In this connection the
pretty little plate of Thomas Evans, M.D., should
be noted for its view of Henllan on the Teifi.
The bulk of these book-plates are, of course,
" Armorial," but there are also a fair number of
plain labels. These are often of special interest,
seeing that they usually belonged to schoolmasters,
clergymen, poets, authors and other literary persons.
To my mind the most interesting specimen of this
class to be found in this collection is the T. S.
Evans, Mathematical Master at Christ's Hospital,
which is formed out of the 47th Theorem of the
first book of Euclid. Leather-gilt labels, too, are
not uncommon in the early nineteenth century.
A fair number of plates bear the name or initials
of the engraver, and a smaller number show a
date. I have noted these signatures and dates in
my catalogue, and in a few cases have drawn the
reader's attention to specimens that are not included
in the compiled lists of H. W. Fincham's Artists and
Engravers of Book Plates, or of W. Hamilton's
Dated Book Plates, the two recognised authorities
on these classes of book-plate. It is rare to find a
book-plate both signed and dated, but Welsh
examples exist in Howe// Gwyn of Garth, 1742, and
John Hughes of Brecon, 1745, both being engraved
by Skinner of Bath.
This leads me to the question : How far were
book-plates actually engraved in Wales itself?
The earliest book-label printed in the Principality
is, in all probability, that of " Lewis Edward, His
Book, Anno Domini 1721 " (not included in this
collection but reproduced in Old West Wales Book
Plates, " West Wales Historical Records," vol. iv.).
This was most likely the work of Nicholas Thomas,
printer of Carmarthen, and its date shows it to have
been produced only three years after the issue of
the first recorded printed book in Wales from
Isaac Carter's press at Trefhedyn (Adpar). No
doubt all the simple printed labels and a certain
proportion of the Armorial Plates of Welsh
residents were printed locally in Wales, or at least
at Shrewsbury or at Chester ; but the name of
place or printer is very rarely given. One out
of a few exceptions to this statement is the label
of William Lloyd of Maes-Annod^ which is de-
scribed as " Printed by J. Ross, Carmarthen, 1764."
This must have been in the second year of the
existence of his press, but I know of no other
signed book-plate by this publisher, although I
recognise his characteristic work in certain unsigned
With regard to the Notes I have added to the
technical descriptions of the plates, I must make
some excuse for their paucity. The fact is, that
Welsh heraldic bearings are more often a puzzle
than a help in the process of identification. My
catalogue is necessarily an alphabetical one, based
on the various surnames, whereas (as every student
of Welsh heraldry knows) the true Welsh coats-of-
arms bear no relation to mere surnames, but are
borne by the descendants or pseudo-descendants
of this or that mediaeval chieftain or tribal lord,
who has been posthumously supplied with armorial
bearings. This difficulty does not arise in identify-
ing the families or persons of English origin in
Wales, and that is the reason why the English
names are better and more fully treated than those
of purely Cymric descent. Again, the mere name
in conjunction with a coat-of-arms is quite insufficient
for identification. No one could ever really pretend
to discover the true owner of such plates as
" Thomas Lloyd " with the coat of Cadifor ap
Dyfnwal; or "John Williams" with that of
Ednyfed Vychan ; or " William Edwards " with
that of Tewdwr Trevor. There must have been a
dozen or more contemporary armigeri of those very
names and entitled to those coats, and it would
require some very strong evidence or intimate local
knowledge indeed to name the true owner of any
particular plate with such slender information to
build upon. For the Welsh place-name is rarely
given on a book-plate, although in ordinary speech
it is seldom omitted. That I have failed to
identify through faulty research in many instances
is probable enough ; at the same time I have not
jumped to any conclusion by guess-work. A good
many of my notes are safeguarded by a preliminary
query, and in some cases by two queries.
I have found the following books of special use
and importance :
H. W. Fincham, Artists and Engravers of Book
W. Hamilton, Dated Book Plates (three parts),
Burke's and Lodge's Peerage (v.d.).
Burke' s Extinct Peerage, 1866.
Burke's Baronetage (v.d.).
Burke's Extinct Baronetage, 1838.
Burke's History of the Commoners, 1836-1838.
Burke's Landed Gentry (v.d., but especially the
edition of 1849, with Supplement and Index).
Walford's County Families of the United Kingdom
Kelly's Directory of the Titled, Landed and Official
Foster's Alumni Oxonienses (an invaluable work ;
would that the University of Cambridge possessed
a like record !).
Dictionary of National Biography.
Rev. R. Williams' Eminent Welshmen^ 1852.
T. Nicholas, Annals of the Counties and County
Families of Wales^ 1872.
These are a few only of the requisite books for
such a task as this. All the County Histories of
Wales ; G. T. Clark's Genealogies of Glamorgan ;
the whole series of the Ex Libris Society's publica-
tions (of which defunct society I was a member) ;
the various pedigrees given in the Archaologia
Cambrensis and the Cymmrodor\ the Transactions of
the Carmarthenshire Antiq. Society ; the recently
published work on North Wales Pedigrees ; the
volumes of the Powysland Club ; the various
works dealing with the High Sheriffs of Wales
and the Border Counties ; Foster's Men at the Ear ;
the publications of The West Wales Historical
Society (which in vol. iv. includes my own
article, "Old West Wales Book-Plates, 1698-
1830," with a list of about seventy of the chief
book-plates in the counties of Cardigan, Car-
marthen and Pembroke) ; W. G. Shaw's Official
List of the Knights of England, etc., etc., etc.,
In the matter of Heraldry, which naturally plays
a very important part in this work, I have found
that Pap worth's Armorial worked in conjunction
with Burke's Armoury sufficed for my purpose.
The engravings of old Cymric armorial bearings in
Enderbie's Cambria Triumphans I have also found
useful, likewise some of the book-plates them-
selves, which in certain cases enumerate and name
the various coats depicted therein (cp. "Edward
Abadam^ Joshua Edwards ', etc.).
It may be objected by the critic that a large
fraction of these 1400 book-plates that I have
catalogued belonged to unimportant persons, or else
have no artistic value and own no personal interest.
This is quite true, and I grant at once that the
whole of the " Crested " book-plates are (with a
few exceptions) uninteresting. Still, they are
book-plates, and have belonged to Welshmen
owning libraries, and therefore form an integral
part of the whole mass of Welsh book-plates that
we are anxious to ascertain and collect. Thus all
these plates go to make up a not unimportant
page of our literary history during the past two
centuries and more. And besides this, they
present us with a number of heraldic, genealogical
and local points of interest that will prove of some
service to the historical and topographical student
of the future. That the book-plate owns a
definite place in literary culture is proved by the
considerable number of works that have been
published thereon. For over two centuries it
has reflected the passing phases of taste and art in
Western Europe, and it affords, to myself at least,
some satisfaction to show that Wales is well repre-
sented in this attractive by-path of literature.
HERBERT M. VAUGHAN.
KEY TO THE SCHEME OF
THE book-plates are arranged under the initial
letter of owner's surname : A, B, C, D, etc.
Within these sections I have also arranged the
plates in alphabetical order so far as has been
practicable. But a strict index order has not been
attempted, and the plates often follow a scheme of
heraldic or family sequence. This will easily be
understood by observing the long heraldic " runs,"
especially under such surnames as Lloyd, or Morris,
Peers and Bishops appear under their family
surnames e.g. Lisburne, Pomfret under Vaughan,
Fermor ; Bishop of Bangor under Evans, etc. Place-
names, when given alone, are treated similarly :
thus Pengwern, Rhual, appear under Mostyn,
A few plates whose owners' surnames I have
been unable to trace to my satisfaction have been
placed in an " Unidentified " section at the end.
A good many abbreviations are made use of
throughout the Catalogue e.g. :
Jac. for Jacobean
Chip. ,, Chippendale
Key to Scheme of Arrangement
Qtly. for Quarterly
Esc. of pre. Escutcheon of Pretence
h. Heir or Heiress
gd. Grand (gdson, gdfather)
S'P' Sine prole (without issue)
v.p. Vita patris (in father's lifetime)
Mod. Modern, etc.
Edward Abadam Senr. /of /Middleton Hall, /Car-
marthenshire. 1865. XlXth Cent. Arm. Dated.
Eldest s. of Edward Hamlyn Adams, of Middleton Hall,
M. P. for co. Carmarthen, 1833-1834; m. (1836) Louisa Taylor,
of York ; H. Sheriff, 1855. " Assumed the ancient orthography
of the family name." (See Hamilton's Dated Book-Plates,
pp. 151, 154.)
Edward Abadam/of Middleton Hall, Carmarthenshire.
. 1865. Crest. Dated.
The same owner.
Edward Hamlin Middleton Abadam. 1865. XIX th
Cent. Arm. Dated.
Eldest son of Edward Abadam ; ob. unm., v.p.
Conrade M. M. Middleton Abadam. 1865. XlXth
Cent. Arm. Dated.
2nd s. of Edward Abadam; b. 1845; m. Susan Saunders,
of Court Henry, co. Carmarthen (1868) ; ob. 187 .
Francis W. Middleton Abadam. 1865. XlXth
Cent. Arm. Dated. (Reproduced in Hamilton's
Dated Book-Plates, p. 125.)
3rd s. of Edward Abadam, of Middleton Hall.
[Ablett.] Pict. and Arm., signed "Austin" (who
was probably Richard T. Austin, a pupil of John
Joseph Ablett, of Llanbedr Hall, Ruthin, son of Joseph
Ablett, and gds. of William Ablett, of Little Glemham,
Suffolk; TO. Anne Bury; H. Sheriff co. Denbigh, 1809.
Eminent book collector.
[Ablett.] Pict. and Arm. Another plate designed
on similar lines, but unsigned. No name, but
" Llanbedr Hall, Ruthin " is written beneath.
Same owner. (Not in Franks Coll. in British Museum.)
2 Welsh Book-Plates
Joseph Ablett / Llanbedr Hall / Ruthin. The same
plate with the name and place printed in gothic
The same owner.
Joseph Ablett / Llanbedr Hall /Ruthin. The same
plate with the inscription in Roman letters.
The same owner.
Joseph Ablett / Llanbedr Hall / Denbighshire. Seal.
The same owner.
J. G. Andrews / Glanbrydan. Crest.
? Of Glanbrydan, near Llandeilo-fawr, co. Carmarthen.
(Not in Franks Coll.)
Sir John Aubrey of Lantrithyd in the / County of
Glamorgan Baronet and of / Boarestall in the
County of Bucks. 1698. Early dated Jac. Arm.,
qting. Mans el. Basset and South ; with Lewis on
an esc. of pre.
Eldest s. of ist Bart, of Lantrithyd (Ext.); m. (i)
Margaret Lowther, d. of ist Lord Lonsdale; and (2) Mary,
d. and co-h. of William Lewis of the Van, Glam. ; H.
Sheriff co. Glamorgan, 1685; ob. 1700.
Sir John Aubrey of Lantrithyd in the /County of
Glamorgan Baronet and of /Boarestall in the
County of Bucks. 1698. Early Jac. Arm. Dated.
The same owner.
ABERDARE, see Bruce.
ANGLESEY, see Paget.
Welsh Book-Plates 3
Joseph Bailey Esq. / Glanusk Park, co. Brecon.
XlXth Cent. Arm. Imp. Hopper.
S. of John Bailey (by Susannah Crawshay, his wife) ; H.
Sheriff co. Monmouth, 1823; M.P. for Worcester and co.
Monmouth ; cr. a Baronet, 1852; m. (i) Maria Latham, and
(2) Mary-Anne Hopper, of Witton, co. Durham; ob. 1858.
Blaney Baldwyn, A.M. Pict. and Arm. Imp.
Blaney Baldwin (sic), s. of Francis Baldwin of St Julian's,
Shrewsbury; matric. at Ch. Ch., Oxford, 1723 ; B.A., 1727.
An interesting plate.
B. Baldwyn, Ludlow. Chip., Pict. and Arm. Imp.
The same owner.
Chas. B. Baldwin / Inner Temple. XlXth Cent.
John Balguy Esqr. / Middle Temple. Festoon. Arm.
Of Darwent Hall, co. Derby; b. 1747; Second Justice of
Carmarthen Circuit, 1808-1828; ob. 1833. (Reproduced in
JEx Librls Society's Journal, xii., p. 148.)
John Ballinger. Modern. Pict. Signed and dated.
" W. Goscombe John, D.D. 1907."
First Librarian of the National Library of Wales.
John Ballinger. A similar but smaller plate.
The same owner.
E Libris Biblioth. Ecclesiae Cathed. De Bangor.
XIX th Cent. Seal. Arm.
The plate of the Cathedral Library of Bangor.
Henry Bankes / of Lincolns Inn, Esqr. Chip. Arm.
Of Kingston Hall, Dorset ; Deputy to Ch. Justice Trevor
on Carmarthen Circuit ; m. ( i ) Eleanor Symonds, (2)
Margaret, d. of Bp. Wynne, of St Asaph ; ob. 1776.
4 ff^elsh Book- Plates
W. Higgs Barker, A.B. Label with Greek motto.
Probably engraved by J. Ross of Carmarthen.
(Not in Franks.)
Rev. William Higgs Barker, b. 1743; s. of George
Barker (by his wife, Sarah Higgs) ; M.A. Trinity College,
Cambridge ; Master of Carmarthen Grammar School, 1 767-
1797 ; Vicar of Carmarthen, 1796, till his death, 1816.
Barnwell. XlXth Cent. Arm. Imp. Chapman. De-
scribed as " of Ruthin, co. Denbigh." The coat is
that of Barnwell of Stamford, Lines.
Miles Bassett, Swansea. Early Jac. Arm. with
Eldest s. of Thomas Bassett, of Bonvilstone, Glam. ; b.
1670; m. Elizabeth Watkin ; ob. 1742. (Not in Franks
The Revd. Miles Bassett / Swansea, Chip. Arm.
with Welsh motto.
2nd s. of the above Miles Bassett ; matric. at Ch. Ch.,
Oxford, 1752; B.A. 1756; Vicar of St John's, Swansea,
1764-1768 ; m. Eliza Thomas. A scarce plate.
Basset of Beaupre. XlXth Cent. Arm. with eight
coats. Welsh motto.
Col. Thomas Basset, Governor of the Military Knights of
Windsor; m. Elizabeth Cruikshanks ; ob. 1842.
Charles Bath. XlXth Cent. Arm.
3rd s. of Henry Bath, of Swansea ; Knight of the
Italian Order of SS. Maurice and Lazarus; J.P. for co.
Glamorgan ; of Ffynone, Swansea.