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rilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather
a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands
before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood
of this just person ; see ye to it. Then answered all the
people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our chil-
dren. Then released he Barabbas uiito them: and
when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be
crucified.

PART SIXTH.

THEN the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into
the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole
band of soldiers. And they stripped him, and put on
him a scarlet robe. And when they had platted a
crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed
in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before
him, and mocked him, saying. Hail, King of the Jews !
And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote
him on the head. And after that they had mocked
him they took the robe off from him, and put his own
raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.
And there were also two others, malefactors, led with
him to be put to death.

And he bearing his cross went forth: and as they
came out they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name,
coming out of the country, and on him they laid the
cross, that he might bear it after Jesus. And there
followed him a great company of people, and of women,
which also bewailed and lamented him. But Jesus
turning unto them said. Daughters of Jerusalem, weep
not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your chil-
dren. For, behold, the days are coming, in the which
they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs

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340 THE PASSION HISTORY.

that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck.
Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on
us ; and to the hills, Cover us. For if they do these
things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry ?

And when they were come unto a place called Grol-
gotha, that is to say, a place of a skull, they gave him to
drink wine mingled with myrrh : but he received it not.
There they crucified him. Then said Jesus, Father,
forgive them ; for they know not what they do. And
it was the third hour. And Pilate wrote a title, and
put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF
NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS. This
title then read many of the Jews ; for the place where
Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city : and it was
written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. Then said
the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not. The
King of the Jews ; but that he said, I am King of the
Jews. Pilate answered, What I have written I have
written.

Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus,
took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier
a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without
seam, woven from the top throughout. Thejr said
therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but
cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the Scripture
might be fulfilled, which saith. They parted my raiment
among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots.
These things therefore the soldiers did. And sitting
down they watched him there. And the people stood
beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him,
saying. He saved others ; let him save himself, if he be
Christ the chosen of Grod.

Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother,
and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleopas, and
Mary Magdalene. When Jesus, therefore, saw his
mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved.

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PART SIXTH. 341

he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!
Then saith he to the disciple. Behold thy mother ! and
from that hour that disciple took her unto his own
home.

And they that passed by reviled him, waging their
heads, and saying, Ah thou that destroyest the temple,
and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be
the Son of God, come down from the cross. Likewise
also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and
elders, said. He saved others ; himself he cannot save.
If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down
from the cross, and we will believe him. He trusted in
God ; let him deliver him now, if he will have him :
for he said, I am the Son of Gk)d. The thieves also,
which were crucified with him, cast the same in his
teeth. And one of the malefactors which were hanged
railed on him, saying. If thou be Christ, save thyself
and us. But the other answering, rebuked him, say-
ing. Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same
condemnation ? And we indeed justly ; for we receive
the due reward of our deeds : but this man hath done
nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remem-
ber me when thou comest in thy kingdom. And Jesus
said unto him. Verily I say unto thee. To-day shalt
thou be with me in paradise.

And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a
darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. And
the sun was darkened. And about the ninth hour
Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama
sabachthaui? that is to say. My God, my God, why
hast thou forsaken me ? And some of them that stood
by, when they heard it, said. Behold, he calleth Elias.
After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now ac-
complished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, saith,
I thirst. Now there was set a vessel fiill of vinegar.
And straightway one of them ran, and took a sponge.

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342 THE PASSION HISTORY.

and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and
gave him to drink. The rest said, Let be, let us see
whether Elias will come to save him. When Jesus
therefore had received the vinegar, he said. It is fin-
ished: and cried with a loud voice, Father, into thy
hands I commend my spirit : and having said thus, he
bowed his head and gave up the ghost. And, behold,
the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top
to the bottom ; and the earth did quake, and the rocks
rent ; and the graves were opened ; and many bodies
of the saints which slept arose, and came out of the
graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy
city, and appeared unto many. Now when the centu-
rion, and they that were with him watching Jesus, saw
the earthquake and those things that were done, they
feared greatly, saying, Certainly this was a righteous
man. Truly this was the Son of God. And all the
people that came together to that sight, beholding the
things which were done, smote their breasts and re-
turned.

PART SEVENTH.

AND all his acquaintance and the women that fol-
J\. lowed him from Galilee stood afar off, beholding
these things. Among which was Mary Magdalene, and
Mary the mother of James the Less, and of Joses, and
Salome the mother of Zebedee's children. Who also,
when he was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered
unto him ; and many other women which came up with
him unto Jerusalem.

The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation,
that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the
Sabbath day (for that Sabbath day was a high day),
besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and
that they might be taken away. Then came the sol-

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PART SEVENTH. 343

diers, and brake the legs of the first and of the other
which was crucified with him. But when they came to
Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake
not his legs : but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced
his side, and forthwith came thereout blood and water.
And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true ;
and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might be-
lieve. For these things were done that the Scripture
should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.
And again another Scripture saith. They shall look
on him whom they pierced.

When the even was come, a rich man of Arimathea
nanaed Joseph, an honorable counsellor, which also
waited for the kingdom of God, a good man and a just:
(the same had not consented to the counsel and the
deed of them :) being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly
for fear of the Jews, came and went in boldly unto
Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus. And Pilate
marvelled if he were already dead ; and calling unto
him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been
any while dead. And when he knew it of the centu-
rion, he gave the body to Joseph.

Aiid Joseph bought fine linen, and took him down.
And there came also Nicodemus (which at the first
came to Jesus by night), and brought a mixture of
myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pound weight. Then
took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen
clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to
buiy.

Now in the place where he was crucified there
was a garden ; and in the garden a new sepulchre,
hewn out in the rock : wherein never man before was
laid. There laid they Jesus therefore, because of the
Jews* preparation day ; for the sepulchre was nigh at
hand. And Joseph rolled a great stone to the door of
the sepulchre, and departed.



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344 THE PASSION HISTORY.

And there was Mary Magdalene and the other Mary
sitting over against the sepulchre. And the women
also which came with him from Galilee followed after,
and beheld the sepulchre and how his body was laid.
And they returned and prepared spices and ointments,
and rested the Sabbath day, according to the command-
ment.

Now the next day that followed the day of the prep-
aration, the chief priests and Pharisees came together
unto Pilate, saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver
said while he was yet alive. After three days I will rise
again. Command therefore that the sepulchre be made
sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night,
and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is
risen from the dead : so the last error shall be worse
than the first. Pilate said unto them. Ye have a watch :
go your way, make it as sure as ye can. So they went
and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone and set-
ting a watch.



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ORDERS FOR MINISTERIAL ACTS.

HOLY BAPTISM.

,T[ Holy Baptism is the Sacrament of Regeneration, through
which we are planted in Christ our Lord, buried into His death,
and made children and heirs of God with Him. God therein
maketh Covenant with us, to be to us a gracious and loving
Father, to accept us as His Children, and out of unspeakable
love giveth us His Son Jesus Christ with all His merit, suffer-
ings, and death, and in and through Him forgiveness of sins
and deliverance from death, the devil, and all condemnation.
Therefore we are not to esteem such a treasure lightly, nor .to
treat it with indifference ; for holy Baptism is our consolation
and way of entrance to all the blessings of the Kingdom of
God.

1[ The Holy Scriptures clearly teach, that it is the will and inten-
tion of God that little children also should be baptized ; for
Baptism is the New Testament sign of the Covenant, as was
circumcision under the Old Testament Christian parents
should therefore desire, first of all, that their little ones be
baptized, just as children at eight days old, by command of
God, were circumcised. Jesus says. Whoso is not born again
of water and of the Spirit, cannot enter into the Kingdom of
God ; and if children are to come into the Kingdom of God,
they must, however recently born, be born again. It is also
to be believed that the Apostles baptized infants, inasmuch as
they baptized whole households. Certainly the contrary can-
not be snown from the Holy Scriptures.

^ The Baptism of children should be administered at the earliest
time possible after birth. It should be done at a public ser-
vice, where a number of Christians are present, that the entire
congregation may not only be reminded of the necessity and
use of Baptism, but also admonished and moved to invoke the
Name of God over the child, by which through holy Baptism
it is planted in our Lord Jesus Christ, and received into the
community of His Church.

If If Baptism be administered in connection with the regular
service, it may be done after the Creed, or after the General
Prayer ; at Matins or Vespers, after the Lesson or Address.

345

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346 ORDERS FOR MLSISTERIAL ACTS.

^ There mav also be a special service for the administration of
Baptism, which should be publicly announced, and the congre-
gation invited to be present.

If If, by reason of the weakness of the child, or other unavoid-
able hindrance, its Baptism cannot take place in the Church,
it should be baptized at whatever time and place may be
suitable ; for the Word of God does not limit Baptism to any
particular time or place.

0} SpoTisors in Baptism.

^ From very ancient times the Church has held it to be right
and proper to have Sponsors in Baptism : First, that they may
be witnesses that the child is baptized. Second, that, along
with the parents, they may bring the child to the Lord Jesus,
in its stead renounce the devil and the world, confess the
Christian faith, and promise that what they have solemnly
spoken for it shall be faithfully kept. Third, that, together
with the parents, they may remind the child of what they
promised for it in its Baptism, giving diligence to have it ful-
fill the same, and learn the Ten Commandments, the Creed,
and the Lord's Prayer. And especially that in case of the
early death of its parents, they may use their best endeavors,
in the stead of those parents, to have this accomplished. From
all of which it is manifest that only God-fearing persons
should be taken for this high and holy office, and that no un-
believers, errorists, or persons not in communion with the
Church are to be accepted as Sponsors.

Of Baptism of Children in Danger of Death,

If When a new-bom child is in danger of death, the Minister
should be promptly called to baptize it. In such case he shall
" ' e common Order for Baptism as the circum-
ut where the danger is very great, and no
reach, the father of the child, or some other
woman, may baptize it. But they shall not
treme necessity, and then they must be duly
a proper Christian way, to wit : They shall
i, praying the lord's Prayer, and then shall
with water, saying, N., I baptize thee in the
er, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost,
t is not to be doubted that the child is truly



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ORDERS FOR MINISTERIAL ACTS. 347

7 Such Bajptism, whether the child live or die, is to be reported
to the Minister, who shall inquire whether the child was prop-
erly baptized with water, in the Name of the Father, Son, and
Holy Ghost, which are the two main things to constitute a
proper Christian Baptism, and if he so find, he shall approve
it as a true Christian Baptism, and enter the same in the
records of the Church.

Tf If the child continue to live, it is to be brought to the Church,
that the minister may receive it into the membership and con-
gregation of Christians through prayer to Almighty God.

Confirmation of Lay-Baptism.

^ The public confirmation of Baptism administered by laymen
under necessity is of weighty importance: First, that the
parents may be assured by the public testimony of the Min-
ister that their child is properly baptized, and thereby accept-
ed and taken up into the number of God's flock. Second,
that the child itself in after time may have the more certain
testimony of its Baptism, and be able the more surely to com-
fort itself thereby in all temptations and anxieties. Third,
that the Church, by such public confirmation, may be reminded
that the holy Sacraments must be carefully administered ac-
cording to the Institution of Christ, and that, where they are
so administered, they are of full force and virtue, since they
are not bound to any mere outward circumstances, but rest
entirely on the appointment of Christ and the divine com-
mand and promise.

Tf At such public confirmation of lay-Baptism, those who were
present at its administration, and especially the person who
administered it, should come with the child to the Church, as
in other cases for Baptism itself.

7 The child having been presented, the Minister shall say : Be-
loved in the Lord I I ask you in the presence of God, Hath
this child been baptized ? Answer. Yes.

By whom was it baptized, and who were present at the time ?
Ans. N. and N. were present, and N. baptized the child.
With what was it baptized? Ans. With water.
With what words was it baptized? Am. The words: "I
baptize thee in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and
of the Holy Ghost."

Are you sure that the words were used according to Christ's
command ? Ana. Yes, we are sure.

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348 ORDERS FOR MINISTERIAL ACTS.

Forasmuch, then, as you have done this in the Name and
upon the command of our Lord, you have done what was meet
and right ; for little children need the grace of our Lord Jesus
Christ, Who also graciously encouraged the bringing of them
to Him, as we are comfortably assurS in the Gospel, where it
saith:

"And they brought young children to Him, that He should
touch them: and His disciples rebuked those that brought
them. But when Jesus saw it. He was much displeased, and
said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto Me, and
forbid them not ; for of such is the kingdom of God. Verily
I say unto you. Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of
God as a little child, he shall not enter therein." (Mark 10 :
13-15.)

From these words of the Lord Jesus we may be confident
that this child also hath been received into the kingdom of
grace. Let us therefore pray that it may be kept steadfast in
the same unto eternal salvation.

Tf The Minister, laying his hand upon the head of the child,
shall then say : Our Father Who art in heaven ; Hallowed be
Thy Name; Thy kingdom come; etc. The Almighty God,
the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Who hath begotten thee
again of water and the Holy Ghost and forgiven thee all
thy sin, strengthen th,ee with His grace unto everlasting life.
Amen. Peace be with thee.

Tf But if the Minister be uncertain whether the child hath been
baptized, he shall baptize it according to the common Order.

I. Order for the Baptism of Infants.

^ A Baptismal Hymn may he sungy after which the Minister shall
say to those presenting the child or children for Baptism :

DEARLY Beloved: We learn from the Word of
God, and know from our own experience, that all
men are conceived and born in sin, and so are under
the wrath of God, and would be lost for ever, unless de-
livered by our Lord Jesus Christ.

This child, then, is also by nature sinful and corrupt,
and in like manner under the wrath of God ; but the
Father of all mercy and grace hath promised and sent
His Son Jesus Christ, Who hath borne the sins of the

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THE BAPTISM OF INFANTS. 349

whole world, and redeemed and saved little children,
no less than others, from sin, death, and everlasting
condemnation. He also commanded that little children
should be brought to Him, and graciously received and
blessed them.

Wherefore I beseech you, out of Christian love, to
intercede for this child, to bring it to the Lord Jesus,
and to implore for it the forgiveness of sin, and the
grace and salvation of His kingdom; nothing doubt-
ing that He favorably regardeth such work of love,
and certainly heareth our prayers.

And forasmuch as our Lord hath enjoined and com-
manded Baptism, saying to His disciples: "Go ye
therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the
Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy
Ghost;" and also hath given promise: "He that be-
lieveth and is baptized shall be saved ;" it is meet and
right that, in obedience to His command, and trusting
in His promise, you should bring this child to be bap-
tized into His Name.

T[ Wh^re the ancient xisage of signing with the cross u still observed,
or when it is desired by those presenting the child, the Minister may
make the sign of the cross on the child! s forehead and, breast, in
token thai it is redeemed by Christ crucified, saying : Receive the
sign of the Holy Gross.

Let us pray.

ALMIGHTY and Immortal God, the Aid of all that
J\. need, the Helper of all that flee to Thee for succor,
the Life of them that believe, and the Resurrection of
the dead; We call upon Thee for this child which
seeketh the gift of Thy Baptism and Thine everlasting
grace through regeneration by the Holy Ghost. Re-
ceive him, O Xx)rd, according to Thy Word and promise :
Ask, and it shall be given you ; seek, and ye shall find ;
knock, and it shall be opened unto you. Give now to

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350 ORDERS FOR MINISTERIAL ACTS.

him that asketh; let him that seeheth^ find ; and open
to him that knockeih^ that he may enjoy the everlasting
benediction of Thy heavenly washing, and come to the
eternal kingdom which Thou hast promised ; through
Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

T[ To this the Minister may add :

ALMIGHTY and Everlasting God, Who of Thy
x\. righteous judgment didst destroy the unbelieving
world by the waters of the flood, when of Thy great
mercy Thou didst save faithful Noah and his family ;
Who didst drown wicked Pharaoh, with all his army,
in the Red Sea, yet didst lead Thy people Israel safely
through the midst thereof, prefiguring thereby the
washing of Thy Holy Baptism; and Who, by the
Baptism of Thy well-beloved Son, Jesus Christ, didst
sanctify and appoint Jordan and all waters to a saving
flood, and the abundant washing away of sin ; We be-
seech Thee, of Thine infinite mercy, to look graciously
upon this child, and to bless it in spirit with true faith,
that, by this salutary flood, whatsoever of the old Adam
is inborn and worketh in it may be washed away, and
that, being delivered out of the number of the unbe-
lieving, it may be savingly kept in the holy Ark of the
Church, serve Thee in fervency of spirit and joyful
hope, and finally, with all believers, be accounted
worthy to obtain Thy promise of everlasting life;
through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

^ The Minister shall then read the Gospel as here foUowethj saying:

HEAR the Holy Gospel, which saith: "They
brought young children to Him, that He should
touch them: and His disciples rebuked those that
brought them. But when Jesus saw it. He was much
displeased, and said unto them : Suffer the little chil-
dren to come unto Me, and forbid them not, for of such

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THE BAPTISM OF INFANTS. 351

is the kingdom of God. Verily I say unto you, who-
soever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little
child, he shall not enter therein. And He took them
up in His arms, put His hands upon them, and blessed
them." (Mark 10: 1^16.)

^ Then the Minister, laffing his right hand upon the head of the
diildy shaU say, and the Sponsors and all present shall say with
him :

OUR Father, Who art in heaven ; Hallowed be Thy
Name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on
earth, as it is m heaven; Give us this day our daily
bread; And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive
those who trespass against us; And lead us not into
temptation ; But deliver us from evil ; For Thine is the
kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever and
ever. Amen.

■ Minister,

The Lord preserve thy coming in and thy going out,
from this time forth even for evermore.

If The Minister shall then say to the Sponsors :

Dear friends: Inasmuch as, out of Christian love,
you intercede for this child, and stand in its place in
this solemn act, I now ask you to answer the questions,
which I address to this child.

Dost thou renounce the devil, and all his works, and
all his ways ?

Answer. Yes, I renounce.

Dost thou believe in God, the Father Almighty,
Maker of heaven and earth?

Answer, Yes, I believe.

Dost thou believe in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our
Lord ; Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, Born

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352 ORDERS FOR MINISTERIAL ACTS.

of the Virgin Mary; Suffered under Pontius Pilate,
Was crucified, dead, and buried ; Descended into hell ;
The third day rose again from the dead ; Ascended into
heaven, And sitteth on the right hand of Grod the Father
Almighty ; Whence He shall come to judge the quick
and the dead ?

Answer, Yes, I believe.

Dost thou believe in the Holy Ghost; The Holy
Christian Church, the communion of Saints ; The for-
giveness of sins ; The resurrection of the body ; and
the Life everlasting?

Answer^ Yes, I believe.
Wilt thou be baptized into this Christian Faith ?

Answer, Yes, I will.

^ The Minister may then ask: How shall this child be named f and
shall then baptize it by applying the water three times upon the
chiUTs head, as he pronounces each of the three Holy Nam^s, as



N., I baptize thee in the Name of the Father, — and



Online LibraryEvangelical Lutheran Church in North America. GeneChurch book: for the use of Evangelical Lutheran congregations → online text (page 24 of 53)