Evarts I. Blake.

Greater Oakland, 1911, a volume dealing with the big metropolis on the shores of San Francisco Bay .. online

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larity and its usefulness.

There is something about age that in-
spires confidence. There is something in
reserve power that induces trust. There is
a great deal in character that commands
regard. When, therefore, a concern has
been with the public for so many years,
has always been officered by men of high
standing and known character, and when
that institution, being a business training
school for young men and women, has
maintained an ever increasing efficiency
and prestige and has steadily increased its
facilities, there is not much need of seeking
further for the reason of its prosperity.

The foregoing conditions accurately de-
scribe Heald's Business College. It is

Heald's Business College


skilled in the careful and i)rogTessivc train-
ing which has long been its ruling spirit.
The college has been under the same man-
agement for nearly fifty years and has
served the public promptly and faithfully
by strict attention to business and conser-


President and Founder of H bald's
Business College

vative and progressive methods, keeping in
mind the importance of training young men
and women in the practical affairs of life.
The school's foremost purpose is to train
young men and women to meet the de-
mands of the commercial world.

It has always been closely in touch with
the needs and prospects of the business
men and has always shaped a course of
stud}' accordingly, and has always endeav-
ored to render the community untold serv-
ice in promoting its growth and advance-

Commercial education has never before
attracted so much attention as it does to-
day, nor has the work which commercial
schools are accomplishing ever been so
thoroughly appreciated as now. Schools
like Heald's Business College are, and have
been for many years, absolutely necessary.

This great need of practical education and
training is being recognized throughout the
entire country.

Thinking people realize that this is the
day of the specialist. In order to succeed
one must do one thing well. The trend
of modern civilization necessitates that the
individual of both sexes be prepared to
make his or her own living. A general col-
lege education is desirable, but for the aver-
age boy or girl who has to make his or her
living, a course in Heald's Business College
better fits that boy or girl to earn their
living upon graduation than any other train-
ing or education they could get.

Heald's Business College occupies three
floors of the splendid new building at the
corner of Sixteenth Street and San Pablo
Avenue. In fitting up Heald's Business
College of Oakland, men who knew exactly
the requirements in the way of equipment
were given instructions to buy whatever in


Manager Heald's Business College

Oakland, California

their judgment was needed. They were not
restricted as to how much they were to
spend, but to buy everything that was nec-
essary to make the equipment, if possible,
far superior to that of any business school
in the country. That they knew what to

Heald's Business College 381

buy, a visit to the school will amply demon- large, individual office desks, giving stu-
strate. Visitors who have seen any similar dents ample space for their books and pa-
schools have unhesitatingly declared this pgrs. The typing department is equipped
school to be the best equipped of any they ^^.j^,, over one hundred machines of the

have ever seen. One feature alone of the

standard makes and latest models.

equipment is the office practice and bank- -.. tt i ,. t-. •
ing department, which represents an invest- However, Heald s Busmess College has
ment equal in value to the entire equipment ^'^''^y' recognized the fact that equipment
of other schools. These office and banking •''°"^ ^^^^ "°t "^-''^^ the school, and there-
fixtures are polished oak. plate and beveled fo^e a corps of the ablest expert teachers
glass, brass and marble, and were made es- supplement these superior facilities. Oak-
pecially for Heald's Business College. Very land is indeed fortunate to have such a
few banks have anything better. The desks strong, well-equipped educational institu-
uscd in the commercial department are tion.


Greater Oakland, 1911

Polytechnic College of Engineering, Thirteenth and Madison Streets

Polytechnic Business College and Polytechnic
College of Engineering

LEGE had its origin in the
demand on the part of the
public of the Pacific Coast
for a business training and
technical school of the highest grade and

The Polytechnic Business College and the
Polytechnic College of Engineering occupy
two very elegant buildings, and while they
are segregated with reference to their
courses of study and plan of operation, yet
they are under the same management.

Professors W. E. Gibson and H. C. In-
gram are the owners and proprietors of this
institution, and it has attained without

doubt the highest success in the field of
practical education. The rapid growth, pres-
tige, popularity and patronage that the
Polytechnic has enjoyed has been phenome-
nal and is unprecedented in the history of
similar schools of the great West.

It has been the aim of these men to es-
tablish and maintain an educational institu-
tion in Oakland of the highest grade and
merit, and the universal verdict is they have
"made good."

The Polytechnic Business College is rec-
ognized as the leading school of its kind
west of Chicago. It is a great "clearing
house" between the world of business and
those who aspire to immediate employment

Polytechnic Business College





Greater Oakland, 1911



with splendid salaries and futures filled with

The graduates of the Polytechnic Busi-
ness College are to be found in almost
every office of any magnitude throughout
the Pacific Coast States. Scarcely has a
class graduated when every member is in
remunerative employment, and scarcely has
the last graduate been placed when the tele-
phone rings another request, and often-
times the demand for graduates of this col-
lege is far in excess of the supply. A visit
to some of the larger offices of the various
corporations will reveal the fact that nearly
all of their employees are graduates of the
Polytechnic. For example, the Oakland
Gas Light and Heat Company has from
eighteen to twenty-five graduates of this
college. In fact, this school is endorsed
and recommended by business and profes-
sional men, court reporters and men of high
standing throughout the West.

The Polytechnic College of Engineering.

The aim of the founders of the Polytech-
nic College of Engineering is to establish
and maintain a college of engineering with
a complete equipment of instruments and
apparatus, machine shops and laboratories,
that will enable them to give a complete
and practical training in all lines of engi-
neering work. This college maintains the
highest standards in all technical training
and combines practice with theory. It em-
phasizes the essentials and eliminates the
non-essentials. This college appeals to
j-oung men who wish to secure a high-grade
course and to have an opportunity of spe-

The new engineering building is occupied
entirely by the Polytechnic College of En-
gineering. It is a concrete building of the
modified Mission style of architecture, four
stories in height and of superior design and
construction. Comfort and convenience
have been studied throughout the entire
building; all of the classrooms and depart-
ments are perfectly lighted and ventilated.

and the building is heated throughout by
steam. The first floor is occupied by the
office and shops of the Oakland Engineer-
ing and Construction Company. This com-
pany is affiliated with the college and is
doing a general engineering business.

Through this company the college is en-
abled to give its students practical experi-
ence in actual engineering work. The sec-
ond floor contains the offices of the college,
recitation rooms, electrical laboratory, sta-
tionery store and a large study hall for the
use of the students. The third floor con-
tains the principal's office and library, reci-
tation rooms, physical laboratory, large
study hall and assembly room. The fourth
floor contains the chemical laboratory, as-
saying laboratory, large drawing depart-
ment, recitation rooms, reading room and
blueprint room.

The Polytechnic College of Engineering
is the only private school of engineering on
the Pacific Coast equipped with extensive
machine shops, pattern shops, electrical,
steam, physical and chemical laboratories,
together with tools, instruments and appa-
ratus necessary to teach engineering sub-
jects in a practical manner.

The Polytechnic College of Engineering
is the only school in the West that has
solved the problem of connecting the school
with the practical engineering and indus-
trial world.

Contracts are taken in all lines of engi-
neering and construction work, and ad-
vanced students are given actual engineer-
ing experience while pursuing their regular
course. Students are thus made familiar
with the engineering problems with which
they will meet in the practice of their pro-

The Polytechnic is the only private
school of engineering in the West that
grants degrees.

Thorough and complete courses are sus-
tained in civil, electrical, mechanical and
mining engineering, gas, steam and hydrau-
lic engineering, also architecture.


Greater Oakland, 1911

College Faculty and One Thousand Students of the Polytechnic Business College

Polytechnic Business College



Greater Oakland, 1911


4V' - I' I ji. r: r If f-
|t I* ii r f ^^^

If |r- ii Is. Il t*

- b i» i* Il r

F ■ - te

! I?, u t-M I .

The New City Hall under construction, 14th and Washington Streets, Oakland, California

New City Hall


New City Hall, Oakland, California

HEN a great enterprise in a
land or community is con-
ceived and executed, the cred-
it and the honor for the orig-
inal conception is seldom
known to those who view it in its com-
pleted state. Seldom are records kept of
the preliminary work and thoughts which
in succeeding days become history, so that
the interested searcher may find the names
of those responsible for the great enter-
prise or movement.

The New City Hall now being erected in
Oakland is probably no exception to the
rule, but its history is so recent that we
can at this date readily place honor and
credit for this magnificent building, and in
two years the citizens of Oakland will have
the pleasure and delight of entering the
edifice which was conceived by them and by
their representatives, and the honor of its
success cannot be divided, nor can it rest
upon the shoulders of anyone in particular,
but to the whole, who have so magnificent-
ly responded to the call within themselves;
consequently the success will be all the

The architectural competition of the City
Hall was one of the most important held
in recent years, and considering the emi-
nence of the competitors, such firms as Mc-
Kim, Mead & White, York & Sawyer, Cass
Gilbert, Peabody & Stearns, and others who
entered this competition, the amounts of
the awards, the artistic merits of the draw-
ings submitted, and the fairness shown on
every hand, this competition was one of
the most prominent held in America.

The successful firm is Messrs. Palmer &
Hornbostel of New York, already well
known, having designed the Williamsburg
and Queensboro bridges in New York City,
the New York State Education Building at
Albany, the Carnegie Technical Schools, the
University of Pittsburg, and the Soldiers'

Memorial Auditorium at Pittsburg, and the
successful competitor in the recent compe-
tition for the Northwestern University
Buildings at Evanston, Illinois. It might
be mentioned here that Mr. Hornbostel, of
this firm, was the author of the design
placed first among those submitted by
Americans in the notable competition held
by Mrs. Phoebe Hearst for the Universitj'^
of California.

Briefly, the design for the Oakland City
Hall may be said to consist of a low, wide
base, fronting on an entire city block, serv-
ing as a platform, from which rises a large
central shaft or tower, which is surmounted
by a beautiful lantern of masonry, contain-
ing a clock on its four sides. The base, con-
sisting of the three lower stories above the
ground, will be decorated with a dignified,
modified Corinthian order, which will fully
express the classical traditions of the beau-
tiful Renaissance architecture. This lower
part in all respects represents the monu-
mental character which such a civic build-
ing should possess. Its entrance on Wash-
ington street will be flanked by large granite
Corinthian columns, behind which rests the
beautiful screen of bronze and glass. The
facades in composition are composed of
pilasters between the windows, projecting
very slightly from the walls. The window
openings will be trimmed with ornately de-
signed architectural terra cotta, forming ex-
quisite trimmings for the beautiful, white
California granite and the deep colors trans-
mitted from the glass.

The shaft or tower which represents
the office feature of the structure shows
its own individual character. Here again
the architects have made use of the heavy
granite, trimmed beautifully with the fine-
ly modeled architectural terra cotta at the
window openings. The composition of the
material is truly American, and character-
istic of a type of architecture which this


Greater Oakland, 1911

firm lias widely developed; the strong,
massive granite giving the impression and
feeling of strength and the lighter, grace-
ful terra cotta serving its purpose as or-
namentation, thereby bringing about a
harmonious composition which applies to
the many arts of life beside that of arch-
itecture. The shaft is crowned at the top
by a heavy, projecting cornice, firmly and
securely anchored to the structural steel
work, and the perforated railing again
shows the exquisite use of the lighter
material. From the fifteenth floor rises
the lantern, with its octagonal form,
springing from a square base and sur-
mounted with a composition of the Ionic
order, its columns supporting the heavy
consoles which incase the clocks and
apparently support the dome. The deep
recesses and perforations of the lantern
will give a fine play of light and shadow,
strongly reflected and marked by the ma-
terial, which will be dull, glazed terra

The small rectangular openings over
the arches of the shaft indicate the prison
cells contained within the walls, for it is
at this level of the structure that the
jail and its hospital has been planned,
a novel and unique feature, conceived for
safety and sanitary purposes.

The interior of the building will be a
marvel of grandeur and beauty. The
visitor enters the building by the three
low granite steps from the sidewalk on
Washington Street and finds himself in a
vaulted vestibule sixty-six feet in height.
From this point he can look directly into
the central dome, sixty feet in diameter,
the crown of which is one hundred and
twenty-five feet away and eighty feet
above the floor of the vestibule. Eleva-
tors on either side of the grand stair-
way, which is directly before him, give ac-
cess to all floors of the building. The
magnificent stairs, sixteen feet in width
at the vestibule, divide at a central space
between the first and third floors, join-
ing together at the third floor in the
grand rotunda crowned by the dome.
The rotunda is flanked with Doric col-
umns and is lighted by six semi-circular
windows, each of the two largest being
thirty feet in diameter. The vestibule
stairs and rotunda will be finished in

imitation limestone, jointed, tooled and
carved, so that the visitor will see a mod-
ern application of the latest methods in
fireproof construction, exquisitely beau-
tified. Today the modern builder does
not attempt to use the huge, heavy, ex-
pensive methods of the ancients; instead,
the science of building has developed the
light frame, covered by fireproofing ma-
terial, such as terra cotta and metal lath,
to which is applied again the modern in-
ventions, namely, refined plaster, and, in
this case, the ground limestone mixed to
form a chemical union, so that the fin-
ished walls bear the appearance of all the
grandeur and massiveness of Italian mon-

At the top of the stairs, and some
distance back, is the entrance to the
Council Chamber, which will be used
for public sessions of the Mayor and
City Commissioners or receptions to dis-
tinguished guests of the city, a large
room, 64x40 feet, and 40 feet in height,
with a vaulted ceiling. Like the vesti-
bule and rotunda, the Council Chamber
will be finished in imitation limestone for
the walls and ceiling, and the floor will
be composed of marble and cork. Dur-
ing the day this chamber is lighted by
six large windows, penetrating the large
barrel vault. At night it is lighted by
one of the most ingenious methods de-
vised by expert illuminating engineers.
In general the lighting will be by
Cooper-Hewitt and the Moore tubes and
incandescent lights, which are reflected
through a perforated pattern in the vault
above. This is controlled by what are
termed "dimmers." The lights are oper-
ated by the pushing of an ordinary switch
button, which, in turn, operates an auto-
matic switch. This automatic switch
forms the connection which turns on the
current, and the light starts from a
minimum candle power and gradually
rises to a maximum, when it returns to
a minimum. The exact lighting eflfect
can be controlled by again pushing the
button when the illumination has reached
the desired point. Thus a maximum or a
minimum amount of light can be ob-
tained by this method of lighting. This
is not a new scheme, although it is some-
what novel. A similar illuminating effect

New City Hall


has been developed in the Allegheny
County Soldiers' Memorial Auditorium at
Pittsburg, and has been the cause for
wide and favorable comment.

The Police Courts, Fire and Police
Departments, the Mayor's suite of offices
and the Commissioners' offices will be
in the lower three stories. Above the
fourth floor and to the eleventh, inclu-
sive, the administrative departments of
the Cit}' will have their offices, and
every conceivable accommodation has
been arranged for these various depart-
ments, each having its own needs and
wants cared for.

From the twelfth to the fourteenth
floor, inclusive, is the novel feature of the
City Prison and its emergency hospital.
The prison for men contains forty steel
cells of the latest device, each having
a toilet and lavatory and each venti-
lated. The prisons for the sexes are
separated so that each is remote from
the other. There are two open-air exer-
cising courts, each being twelve feet by
fifty-four feet in extent and one hundred
and seventy-five feet above the side-

Another feature attached to the prison
is the directness of the handling of pris-
oners. As the prisoner is brought in by
the patrol wagon he is conducted to a
special elevator and taken directly to
the jail at the twelfth floor, there being
no openings in the elevator shaft be-
tween the second floor, where the court
rooms are located, and the twelfth floor.
Thus this eleyator is reserved entirely
for jail purposes, having openings on the
ground, second and twelfth floors only.

All sanitary arrangements will be made
for the health of the prisoners and jail-
ers. Shower and tub baths are plenti-
ful. The floors will be of cement, the
walls will be of enameled brick and the
ceilings of hard plaster, the cells, of
course, having their steel ceilings and

walls. The exercise courts will be laid
with Ludowici Celadon promenade tile;
the walls of faced brick. These courts
are open on top so that pure, fresh air
may be had at all times. The lighting of
the jail, too, is a feature in itself. At
various points push buttons will be
placed, controlling automatic switches,
which, by the pressing of one from any
point, will flood the three floors with light.

The Oakland City Hall will be the high-
est building west of Chicago. The cornice
of the main tower is two hundred and
seven feet above the sidewalk; the top of
the lantern is three hundred and thirty-
five feet eleven inches, and the top of
the flagpole three hundred seventy-six
feet eleven inches. The construction, as
specified, is thoroughly first class and as
fireproof and earthquake proof as science
and modern methods can make it. The
foundation now being installed is a contin-
uous raft of concrete, reinforced with
twisted steel bars. The concrete is two
feet nine inches in thickness, extending
down under the grillage beams and act-
ing as a solid mat. This is intended to
absorb, as far as human ingenuity can de-
vise, the shock of earthquakes and to tie
the building together and insure its vi-
brating as one homogeneous mass. The
walls are to be reinforced and anchored to
the structural steel with closely spaced steel
rods, extending in a horizontal and verti-
cal direction. The floors will be of rein-
forced concrete, the partitions structural
terra cotta and the ceilings wire lath and
plaster; the interior trim of California

In short, the building takes advantage
of all the latest devices of theory and
practice, and should stand unharmed for
centuries to come. Furthermore, it will
stand as a monument to all visitors as a
beautiful piece of architecture, built with
California materials and erected by Cali-
fornia men.


Greater Oakland, 1911

Oakland's New Charter

^y James P. Montgomery

N JULY 6th, 1910, the citizens
of Oakland chose the follow-
ing freeholders to frame a
new charter for the city of
Oakland, viz.: R. H. Cham-
berlain, William C. Clark, I. H. Clay,
Charles H. Daly, George Dornin, Albert H.
Elliot, Raymond B. Felton, John Forrest,
Richard M. Hamb, Hugh Hogan, Albert
Kayser, John J. McDonald, George C. Par-
dee, Harrison S. Robinson and Fred L.

With unselfish devotion to the important
civic duty reposed in them, the freeholders
prepared a charter which was adopted by
the citizens of Oakland on the 8th day of
December, 1910, and duly ratified by the
Legislature of the State of California on
the 13th day of February, 1911.

In the molding of the charter the framers
studiously garnered thought from the va-
rious municipal charters of the United
States and were thus enabled to give to the
people of Oakland the wisdom and ripened
thought of many progressive and enlight-
ened cities.

Upon this charter will largely depend the
future destiny of this municipality, for if it
is adequate to the expanding needs and
growth of the city her people will soon
awaken to the vast opportunities now lying
dormant in her midst.

It would be vain to expect the charter in
its inception to prove faultless, sufficient
should its main features be true to the needs
of the people, leaving the future to chasten
what chance blemishes it may contain.

Elimination of Partisan Politics.

The first feature in the new charter
worthy of special commendation is the pro-
vision which removes the city of Oakland
from the narrow slough of partisan politics.
No element in municipal, state or national

politics has tended more to mire the people
in base servitude than the fetich of partisan

Commission Form of Government.

The charter provides for the city of Oak-
land what is commonly known as the com-
mission form of government, with the fol-
lowing elective officers: Mayor, Auditor
(who shall also be ex-ofificio Assessor),
four Commissioners and six School Direc-
tors. The Mayor and the four Commis-
sioners to constitute the City Council, with
the Mayor as the presiding oflficer thereof.

The City Council must meet every day
at 11 a.m., Saturdays, Sundays and legal
holidays excepted, and each Commissioner
must be in his oflfice on working days at 10
a. m.; but unwittingly the charter has failed
to provide the same mandate for the Mayor.

Executive and Administrative Powers.

The executive and administrative powers
are primarily lodged in five departments, re-

1. Department of Public Aflfairs, under

Online LibraryEvarts I. BlakeGreater Oakland, 1911, a volume dealing with the big metropolis on the shores of San Francisco Bay .. → online text (page 19 of 30)