Everett Pepperrell Wheeler.

The modern law of carriers; or, The limitation of the common-law liability of common carriers under the law merchant, statute and special contracts online

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Online LibraryEverett Pepperrell WheelerThe modern law of carriers; or, The limitation of the common-law liability of common carriers under the law merchant, statute and special contracts → online text (page 1 of 43)
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THE



MODERN LAW OF CARRIERS;



OR THE



LIMITATION OF THE COMMON-LAW LIABILITY
OF COMMON CARRIERS



UNDER



TIIH LAW MERCHANT, STATUTES AND
SPECIAL CONTRACTS.



By EVEEETT P. WHEELER,

OF THE NEW YORK BAR.



NEW YORK:

BAKER, VOORHIS & CO., LAW PUBLISHERS,

66 NASSAU STREET.

1890.



Copyright, 1890,
By EVERETT T. WHEELER.



mo



"Willis McDonald & Co., Prtnters,
3S-43 Gold Street, N. Y.



PREFACE.



The liability of common carriers at common law has been settled by
a series of decisions, and is accurately stated in numerous text-books.
But in my professional experience I have found no text-book which
fully considered the limitations placed upon such liability by the law
merchant, by statutes and by special contract. To supply this defi-
ciency I have prepared the present volume, I have for thirteen years
devoted to it such time as I could take from the labors of an engross-
ing profession, and I trust it will be useful to my brethren of the bar.

The first part of the book is devoted to the rights and obligations of
maritime carriers ; the second is more general, and applies to carriers
both by land and sea.

I have been aided in the collation of cases by several gentlemen of
the bar, and especially by Mr. Wyllys Hodges, Mr. Ferdinand Shack
and Mr. Seth S. Terry. Mr. Hodges and Mr. Terry have assisted to
prepare the index. I am glad to tender to them all my sincere thanks.

Everett P. Wheeler.



New York, January 24, 1890.



740120



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



PART FIRST.

LIMITATIONS UPON THE LIABILITY OF COMMON CAR-
RIERS BY THE LAW MERCHANT, AS ADOPTED IN
THE UNITED STATES.

CHAPTER I.

PAGE

THE ADOPTION OF THE LAW MERCHANT IN THE

UNITED STATES I

CHAPTER II.

THE UNITED STATES STATUTE 21

CHAPTER HI.

PROCEDURE UNDER UNITED STATES STATUTE 52



PART SECOND.

LIMITATION OF LIABILITY BY CONTRACT.

CHAPTER IV.

THE RIGHT OF THE CARRIER TO LIMIT HIS LIABILITY
BY CONTRACT, AND BY RULES AND REGULATIONS
OF HIS OWN, AS AFFECTED BY PUBLIC POLICY... 75

Sec. I. Personal negligence. Defective equipment 77

Sec. 2. Lawfulness of contract for exemption from liability for

negligence of the carrier's servants 82



VI TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PAGE

Sec 3. Live stock contracts. Intrinsic defects ; and perishable

property, or property involving special risk 97

Sec. 4. The carrier's liability as affected by the question of con-
sideration 106

CHAPTER V.

LIMITATIONS AS TO AMOUNT OF LIABILITY II4

CHAPTER VI.

TIME AND MANNER OF PRESENTING CLAIMS 1 23

CHAPTER VII.

.THE carrier's RIGHT TO MAKE REASONABLE RULES

AND REGULATIONS 1 3O

Sec. I. Procuring tickets before entering the cars 132

Sec 2. Requiring tickets to be shown and surrendered 139

Sec. 3. Limiting the time of validity of ticket 142

Sec 4. Regulating or limiting the trip upon which a ticket can be

used 145

Sec 5. Tickets not transferable 149

Sec 6. The right to designate the character of the cars or other
accommodations provided, and the persons who shall
travel upon or use the same. The passenger's right

to a seat 151

Sec 7. Rules and regulations as to the stations at which trains

shall stop 159

Sec 8. Regulations as to baggage and freight 161

Sec 9. Waiver by the carrier. The passenger's remedy for the
violation of a special agreement modifying or waiving

the carrier's rules 163

Sec 10. Power of carrier to enforce reasonable rules 170

Sec II. Whether notice of the rules is necessary; and if so, what ? 177

CHAPTER VIII.

CONFLICT OF LAWS 1 8 1



TABLE OF CONTENTS. VU

CHAPTER IX.

PAGE

CONTRIBUTORY NEGLIGENCE AND FRAUD OF SHIPPER. 206

CHAPTER X.

Sec. I. How the contract of limitation may be made 221

Sec. 2. Requisite evidence of the shipper's assent to the contract 225
Sec 3. Construction of contracts claimed to exempt from negli-
gence 233

CHAPTER XL

USAGE OF BUSINESS 239

Sec. I. Effect of the carrier's usage, with especial reference to

the question of notice to the shipper 239

Sec. 2. Usage as regulating the carrier's mode of transacting

business 244

CHAPTER XH.

Sec. I . Burden of proof of the contract 250

Sec 2. Burden of proof of negligence and loss 252

Sec. 3. What will be treated as a part of the contract 26^

Sec. 4. Admissibilit}- of parol evidence 266

CHAPTER XHI.

Sec. I. Time when contract made, as affecting its consideration

and validity 270

Sec 2. Authority shipping agent 274

Sec 3. Contracts with connecting lines 276

CHAPTER XIV.

CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR CLAUSES IN BILLS OF

LADING 2SS

Sec I. " Received in good order.'' 2S8

Sec 2. Limitations relating to quantity, character or quality 291



Vlil TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PAGE

Sec. 3. The Act of God, perils of the seas, rivers, etc., and other

causes of injury occurring without human intervention 296
Sec. 4. Public enemy, and cases of " wV major^'' including in the
latter the public authorities, strikes, mobs, pirates,

robbers and thieves 311

Sec. 5. Loss from acts of master and mariners 319

Sec 6. Danger of fire 324

Sec. 7. Leakage, breakage, sweating, rust, shrinkage, and similar

exceptions in the bill of lading 326

Sec. 8. Delivery .' 330

Sec 9. Insurance 337

Sec 10. Reshipment • 342

Sec II. The Produce Exchange Bill of Lading 343



INDEX .' 353



TABLE OF CASES.



For the sake of brevity, the abbreviation R. R. is used herein for Railroad Com-
pany, and R. Co. for Railway Company.



Abbe V. Eaton, 266
Abbie C. Stubbs, The, 65
Abbott, Blodget v. 269

V. National S. S. Co 292
Abby Pratt, The, Montgomery v. 290
Abels, Chicago, &c. R. R. Co. v. 98,

118, 258
Aborn, Loring v. 141
Adams, Detroit & Milwaukee R. Co.
V. 271

Grace v. 222

Illinois Central R. R. Co. v. 86

V. Nashville, 200

Newstadt v. 115, 252

O'Connor v. 81
Adams Exp. Co., Bank of Kentucky t/.
83, 90, III

Bland z/. 312

Boscowitz V. 83, 90, 121

Brehme z/. 115

Brown v. 231

Buckland v. 224, 232

V. Darnell, 244

V. Fendrick, 83

Gait V. 90

Grogan v. 85, 117, 118, 253

V. Guthrie, 250, 251

V. Harris, 117, 279

V. Haynes, 229

V. Holmes, 252

Kirbyz/. 84. 254

V. Loeb, 26 r

V. Noch, 227

Orndorff 7/. 84

Pendergastt/. 224

V. Reagan, 124

Schutter v. 254

Snider v. 84, 222, 223

V. .Stettaners, 230,252,253, 261

Van Winkle v. 120

V. Wilson, 284
Adriatic, The, 255, 260, 292, 295
Aetna Ins. Co. v. Wheeler, 279



African Steamship Co. v. Swanzy, 70

Williams v. 49
Agnew V. St. Contra Costa, 98
Aiery v. Merrill, 302
Aiken, Mo. Pac. Ry. Co. v. \T]
Ainsworth, Pomeroy v. 193
Ala. G. S. R. R. v. Little, 117, 256,
« 297

V. Mt. Vernon Co. 283
Ala. G. S. R. R. Co. v. Hawk, 155

V. Heddleston, 166, 167

V. Thomas, 280, 283
Albany & Susq. R. R., Fink v. 242
Alden v. Pearson, 253
Aldridge v. Gt. Western Railway Co.

276
Alesia, The, 299, 334
Alexander zi. Greene, 234
Alexandre, Atlantic Mut. Ins. Co. v. 45
Aline, The, 118, 273, 299, 337
Alknomac, The, 320
Alleghany Valley R. R., Baker v. 80

O'Donnell v. 154
Allen, Indianapolis R. R. v. 83

V. Mackey, 62

Sewall V. 248
Ailing V. Boston & Albany R. R. 240

Sherlock v. 51
Allison V. Bristol Marine Ins. Co. 61

Galveston, &c. R. Co. v. 93
Alpena, The, 26, 42, 55
Amende, Keith v. 290
America, The, 260
Am. Trans. Co. v. Moore, 250, 251

Moore v. 23, 38
American Exp. Co., Boorman v. 115,
121, 229

V, Christenson, 84

Muser v. wj

V. Perkins, 104

V. Sands, 85, 252

V. Second National Bank, 90
222, 253, 254



X



TABLE OF CASES.



American Exp. Co. v. Spellman, 270

Vroman v. 120, 127
American Ins. Co. v. Bryan. 318
American Merchants' Union E.xp. Co.
v. Ketchum, 261

V Schier. 223
Ames V. McCamber, 201
Anderson, Boyce v. 98

V. Scholev. 215

V. Wasatch, &c. R. R. 256
Andover, The, 293
Andrews z/. Pond, 185, 186

Jackson v. 228
Angle V. Mississippi & Mo. R. R. Co.

248. 253
Anna Maria, The, 321
Annas 7: The Milwaukee & N. R R.

Co. 85, 92, 108
Antoinetta, The, 327
Applewhite, Ohio & Miss R. R. Co.

V. 159
Arayo v. Currell, 189
Arctic Ins. Co. v. Austin, 18
Ardan S. S. Co. v. Theband, 93, 266
Arend v. Liverpool S. S. Co. 253, 289
Armijo, Seligman v. 2^3
Armstead, Southern Exp. Co. v. 92.

114
Arnaudin v. Adm. de la Marine, 34
Arnold v. 111. Cent. R. R. Co. 92, 154

V. Nat. Steamship Co. 247

V. Penn. R. R. Co. 144, 172,

173
Arthur v. St. Paul & D. R. Co. 333
Artisans' Bank, Hotchkiss v. 337
Ashby, Richmond, &c. R. R. v 160
Ashland, Bank of, Railroad Co. v.

187
Ashmead, Illinois Central R. R. Co. v.

Ill
Ashmore v. Penn. Steam Towing &

Trans. Co. 87
Association, Fuller v. 86
Astor, Aymar v. 300
Astrup V. Lewey, 300, 306
Atchison & Topeka R. R. Co., Avery

^- 133
V. Brewer. 252
V. Gants, 178
Kiff z/. 281
Paddock v. 154
V. Roach, 173

V Weber. 154, 155, 173
Weyand v. 244, 337

Atchison & Nebraska R. R. v. Wash-
burn, 99
Atkinson v. Gt. Western Ins. Co. 323
V. Marks, 317



Atlanta, &c. R. R. Co., Britton v. 152,
158
V. Tanner, 201
Atlantic & P. R. R., Lupe v. 84
Atlantic Mut. Ins. Co. v. Alexandre,

45
Atlantic Ins. Co. v. Storrow, 318, 339
Atlantic, The, 68
Atlas, The. 8, 18.44
Atlas Ins. Co., Lapham v. 246
Atlas S. S. Co., Spinelti v. 87, 318, 320,

323' 324
Atwaler 7/. Bartsch, 184

V. D. L. & \V. Railway Co.
177
Atwell V. Miller, 60
Atwood 7/. Reliance Trans, Co. 299
Auerbach v. N. Y. Central R. R. Co.

144
Austin. Arctic Ins Co. v. 18
Griggs V 60
z/. Miller, 14
V. Manchester, &c R. Co. 92,

235
Avant, Central R. R. v. 286
Avery v. Atchison, Topeka, &c. R.

R- 133

Aymar v. Astor, 300

7'. Sheldon, 187
Avres, Beebe z/. 145, 178, 242

V. Chicago & N. W. R. Co.
105, 248, 257

Morris & E. R. R. v. 159, 332

V. Western R. R. 263



Babcock v. Lake Shore & Mich. S. R.
Co. 277, 279, 284
Jackson v. 59
People v. 105
Backman, U. S. Express Co. v. 107,

118, 235, 257
Baker v. Alleghany Valley R. R. Co.
80
V. Brinson. 257
V. Louisville & N. R. R. Co.

105
V. Steamboat Milwaukee, 272
Baldauf, Camden & Amboy R. R. Co.

V. 85, 210, 231, 252
Baldwm z\ Collins, 206

V. Grand Trunk Ry. Co. 172
V. Liverpool & G. W. S. Co,
115, 206
Bales, Wright v. 64
Balfour v. Wilkins, 240
Ball V. Wabash, Sec. R. 103
Ballou, Camp Point Mfg. Co. v. 81



TABLE OF CASES.



XI



Baltimore & O. R. R. Co. v. Bambrey,
169

Bankarcl v. 102, 109, 256, 260

Bostwick V. 270, 272, 273

V. Brady, 86, 231

Canfield v. 87, 234, 253, 255,
262

Friedenrich 7/. 150

Hostetter v. 267

Kent V. 164

McCann v. 284

Maslin v. 98, 106

v. Rathbone, 87, 234

V. Schumacher, 284

State z/. 85

Owens V. 86
Baltimore S. S. Co., Scott v. 325
Baltzell. Naylor v. 43
Bamberg v. South Carolina R. R. 98
Bambrey, Bait. & O. R. R. Co. v. 169
Bancroft v. Merchants' D. T. Co.

284
Bank v. Kennedy, 198

of Ashland, Junction R. R. Co.
V. 185

of Augustas*. Earle, 16, 182

of Kentucky v. Adams Ex. Co.
83, 90, III
Bankard v. Bait. & O. R. R. Co. 102,

109, 256, 260
Bannerrman, Chicago & N. W. R. R.

V. 150
Bansemer v. Toledo, &c. Ry. Co. 331
Barber v. Brace, 299
Barclay 2/. Gana, 317
Barker v. Coflin, 142, 170, 231

V. Hodgson, 313

V. N. Y. Central R. R. Co. 160
Barley, DeWitt v. 347
Barnes, County of Leavenworth v.
200

Wiltse V. 243

V. Steamship Co, 8
Barnett, Gaither v. 303
Barney v. Oyster Bay & H. Steamboat
Co. 157

V. Prentiss, 232
Barnwell, Clark v. 253, 255, 292
Barracouta, The, 255
Barreda, Lee v. 60
Barrett v. Rogers, 289
Barrows. U. S. v. 345
Barry v. Ransom, 269
Barter z/. Wheeler, 193. 284, 325
Bartlett. Penobscot & Kennebeck R. R.
Co. 7/. 186

V. Pittsburgh, &c. R. Co. 316
Barton, Teal v. 2\%



Bartram, Cleveland, Columbus, &c-

R. R. Co. V. 138, 147, 153
Bartsch v. Atwater. 184
Bason, Steamboat Co. v. 307
Bass V. Chicago & N. W. R. R. Co.

151, 158
Bates V. Old Colony Railway Co. 89,

109
Batson t/. Donovan, 114, 209
Bauder, Osgood v. 185
Baugh V. McDaniel, 285
Baulec v. N. Y. & Harlem R. R. 80
Bausch, Camden & A. R. R. Co. v.

107, 110, 267
Baxendale, Berntein v. 121

V. Great E. R. Co. 115. 121
Hart V. 179
Baxter v. Leland, 245, 297, 329
Bay State S, S. Co., Nevins v. 230^

241
Baynes, Hand v. 93.236
Bazin v. Richardson. 298, 299

V. Steamship Co. 299
Beale, Mead v. 14
Bean v. Green, 233, 241
Beard v. Conn. & Pass. R. R. Co.

78
Bearse v. Ropes, 253
Beauchamp v. International & G. N.

Ry. Co. 160
Beckford v. Wade, 16
Bee, The, 320

Beebe v. Ayres, 145, 178, 242
Beeson, Mo, Pas. R. Co. v. 271
Beggs, Toledo, Wabash, &c. R. R. v.

150
Belger v. Dinsmore, 115, 117, 226^

227, 228
Belfast V. Boon, 317
Belger z/. Dinsmore, 115, 117, 226, 227,

228
Belknap, Camden, &c. Trans. Co. ■z/.

233
Bell V. Bruen, 185

Devillers v. 283

V. Packard, 196

V. Read, 80, 309

Tevillers v. 283
Bellona, The, 259
Benefactor, The, 67
Benner v. Equitable Safety Ins. Co. 61
Bennett Lake Shore Ry. Co. v. 315

V. Northern Pacific Ex. Co. 129
V. Railroad Co. 139
Benson, Memphis, &c. R. R. Co. v,

151, 159
Benzing v. Steinway, 79
Bergenseren, The, 299



Xll



TA^BLE OF CASES.



Berlin, The, West v. 269, 288, 289, 290,

309
Bermuda, The, 121
Bernard, Coggs f. 317
Bernstein v. Baxendale, 121
Berry v. Cooper, 259

Cooper V. 241, 243
Berry et al. v. Cooper & Boykins'

Exrs. 83
Betts V, Farmers' Loan & T. Co. 215
Bevier v. Delaware & Hudson Canal

Co. 79
Bigelow, Georgia S. R. R. Co. u. 144
Bills, Chicago, St. L. & P. R. R. Co.
V. 159, 173

Ingalls V. 78

V. N. Y. Central R. R. 102, 306
Bindley, Ryan v. 64
Bingham, Harmony v. 303, 309
Birchard et al.^ Mann et al. v. 87, 222
Bird V. Cromwell, 307
Bishop, Western, &c. R. Co. v. 85
Eissell V. Campbell, 295

V. N. Y. Central R. R. 86, 87,
107, 109, 221

V. Price, 243, 266, 289

V. The Michigan So. & N. Ind.
R. R. 182
Bitterne, The, 330
Bjornsen, Regina v. 204
Black V. Goodrich Trans. Co. 118, 120
Black Hawk, The, 260
Black Warrior, The, 289
Blackstock v, Erie R. R. Co. 316
Blair v. Erie R. R. Co. 113
Blake, Mahone v. 214
Blanchard v. N. J. Steamboat Co. 64

V. W. U. Tel. Co. 259
Bland v. Adams Exp. Co. 312

Robinson v. 192

V. Soathern Pacific R. R. 175
Blauvelt, Sheldon v. 185
Bliss, Crum v. 200
Eliven v. Hudson R. R. R. 316

V. N. E. Screw Co. 199
Bloch, Merchants' D. & T. Co. v. 85,

90
Block V. Merchants' D. & T. Trans.

Co. 286
Blodgett V. Abbott, 269
Blood, Schmidt v. 260
Bloomington & Western R. R. v.

Strain, 78
Blossom V. Dodd, 225, 226

V. Griffin, 93
Blumenthal v, Brainers, 233

V. Maine Central R. R. 210
Blyth, Marsh v. 301



Board, &c., Stewart v. 59

Boehm v. Combe, 322

Boice V. Hudson R. R. R. Co. 143,

144
Bolles, Merchants' Despatch Trans.

Co. V. 206, 279
Bonanno v. The Boskenna Bay, 334
Bond V. Frost, 266, 289

Texas & P. R. R. ?/. 175
Bonner v. Merch. St. Co. 308
Boon, Belfast v. 317
Boorman v. American Exp. Co. 115,

121, 229
Booth V. Boston & Albany R. R. 80
Bordeaux v. Erie Railway Co. 134
Bork V. Norton, 309
Boscowitz V. Adams Exp. Co. 83, 90,

121
Bosher, Rockingham, &c. Ins. Co. v.

338
Boskenna Bay, The 334

Bonanno v. 334
Boston & Albany R. R., Ailing v. 240
Booth V. 80
Keefe v. jj
Marshall v. 141
Murdock v. 167
Randolph v. 80
Boston & Hoosac Tunnel R. R., Hill

V. 84, 117
Boston & Lowell R. R. Co., Green v.
209
Hill Man. Co. v. 22, 35, 284
V. Proctor, 143
Boston & Me. R. R., Cheney v. 143,
146, 178
V. Chipman, 180, 265
Fox V. 237
Keeley v. 238, 247
Langley t/. 1 1 1
Mayall v. 243
Moses 7/. 94, 114. 233, 331
Norway Plains Co. v. 331, 332
Boston & Savannah S. S. Co., Butler

V. 8, 26, 27
Boston & W^orcester R. R., Darling
V. 285
Malone v. 264
Boston & W. R. R., O'Brien v. 174
Boston, &c. R. R., Rice v. 331
Boston, Hartford & Erie, School Dis.

V. 84
Boston Nav. Co., Plaisted v. 297, 301
Bostwick V. Bait. & O. R. R. 236, 270,

272, 273
Boswell V. H R. R. Co. 88
Bourne v. Gatliffe, 331
Bowen, United States v. 21



TABLE OF CASES.



Xlll



Bowker, Kelley v. 294
Boyce v. Anderson. 98

V. Edwards, 192

V. Welch, 298

White V. 269
Boyd V. Estis, 113

Michigan Cent. R. R. Co. v. 270
Boylston Ins. Co., Jackson v. 340
Brace, Barber v. 299
Brackett v. Ndrton, 184
Bradley v. Wash. A. & G. Co. 198
Bradshaw, Chappell v. 41, 51

V. South Boston R. R. 165
Bradstreet v. Heran, 290, 313
Brady. Baltimore & Ohio R. R. Co. v.

86, 231. 250
Brainard, Blumenthal v. 233

Cutts V. 284

Morse v. 86, 231, 250
Brame, Ins. Co. v. 194
Branch v. Wilmington, &c. R. R. Co.

84
Branner, Dunn v. 162
Brantford City, The, 189, 319
Brauerz*. The Almoner, 328, 330
Brauss, City & Suburban R. R. 169
Breen v. Texas & Pacific R. R . 146
Breese v. United States Tel. Co. 227
Brehme z/. Adams Exp. Co. 115, 222
Brewer, Atchison & Topeka R. R.

Co. V. 252
Brick V. Brick, 198
Bridgeport, Nicholls v. 59
Bridges, Walpole v. 297
Briggs V. Day, 73
Brinson, Baker v. 257
Bristol, The, 44, 45, 47
Bristol & Exeter R. Co., "Collins v. 93

V. Collins, 281
Bristol & Marine Ins. Co.. Allison v.

61
Bristol & N. W. Ins. Co., Carton v.

130
Britannia, The, 328

Marx V. 255

The Giglio v. 256, 327
Britannic, The, 44,348
British, &c. Ins. Co. v. Gulf, &c. R. Co.

91, 339
British, &c. Packet Co., Smith v. 79
Britton v. Atlanta, &c. R. R. Co. 152,

158
Broadstreet v. Heron, 313
Broadway & Seventh Ave. R., Putnam

V. 90, 1 54
Broadweld v. Butler, 246, 342
Brock, McCall v. 108, 253, 310
Brockett, N. J. Steamboat Co. v. 172



Brooke ?y. Grand Trunk R. R., 147

V. Pickwick, 207, 222
Brooklyn City R. R., Day v. 321

Sheridan v. 176

Stewart ^.321
Brooks, Cheviot v. 314
Brown v. Adams Exp. Co. 231

V. Camden & Atlantic R. R»
186, 206

V. Chicago, &c. R. R. 171

V. Cunard S, S. Co. 118, 122

V. Eastern R. R. 264

"o. Harris, 60

V. Kansas City, Ft. S. & G. R.
Co. 136

V. Manchester, Sheffield & L.
R. Co. 91

Manchester S. S. R. Co. v. 86

Markham v. 1 57

V. Memphis, Sic. R. R. 151, i57>
158

Orange Co. Bk. v. 107, 1 14, 207

V. Spofford, 269

V. Wabash, &c. R. R. Co. 115

V. Wiley, 269

V. Wilkinson, 7, 40
Browning v. Long Island R. R. 127,.

240, 241
Brownlee, Louisville & Nash. R. R.

Co. V. 84
Brush V. S. A. & D. R. R. Co. 91
Bryan, American Ins. Co. z'. 318

Chicago & A. R. R. Co. z/. 17s
Bryce v. Lorillard Fire Ins. Co. 228
Buchanan, Gordon v. 298
Bucher v. Cheshire R. R. 219
Buckland v. Adams Exp. Co. 224, 232
Buddy V. Wabash St. L. & P. R. R.

Co. 331
Buffalo, &c. R. R., Fenner v. 283

V. O'Hara, 107, 109

Penn. R. R. v. 102

Willets V. 139, 176
Buffalo & Erie R. R., French v. 255
Buffalo & P. R. R. Co., Metz 7/. 1 12
Bulkley v. Naumkeag St. Cotton Co.

310
Burckle v. Eckhard, 185, 186
Burges, Steele v. 328
Burke, Houston, &c. R. R. v. 85, 91,
211

Louisville & N. R. v. 176

Miller v. 243
Burlington & M. R. R. Co., Gregory
V. 164

McCune v. 115, 206, 248

V. Rose, 132, 153, 179
Burnard, Davidson v. 304



XIV



TABLE OF CASES.



Burnham 2/. Grand T. Ry. Co. 167
Burroughs v. Norwich & Worcester R.

R. Co. 266
Butler V. Boston & Savannah S. S.
Co. 8, 26, 27
Broadwell v. 246, 342
V. Hudson R. R. R. 210
V. Manchester S. &. L. R. Co.

140, 210
Penn. R. R. Co. v. 85
Button V. The London & S.W. Ry. Co.

325
Buyers, Leisy v. 242, 247
Byrne v. Schiller, 61



Cadmus, Earl v. 122

Cahawba, Edwards v. 328

Cahn V. Michigan Cent. R. R. 243

Cain V. Garfield, 337

Caldwell, Express Co. v. 123

V. N. J. Steamboat Co. 259
V. So. Exp. Co. 312, 314
Calebs, Merc. Mut. Ins Co. v. 339
California, The, 291
California Central R. R., Wright v.

151, 156, 172, 180
Camden & Amboy R. R. Co. v. Bal-
dauf, 85, 210, 231, 252
V. Bausch, 107, no, 267
Edsall V. 279
V. Farnham, 76, 85, 117, 222,

227, 257
V. Forsyth, 279
Lamb v. 236, 252, 255, 257, 270,

271, 277, 278
Maghee v. 237, 262, 281
Manhattan Oil Co. v. 278, 281,
284
Camden & Atlantic R. R., Brown v.

186, 206
Cameron v. Rich, 259
Camors, Watts v. 197
Campbell, Bissell v. 295
V. Evans, 59
Louisville, &c. R. R. v. 282,

283
V. Morse, 236
State V. 142, 174
Vance v. 64
Camp Point Mfg. Co. z'..Ballou, 81
Canfield v. B. & O. R. R. Co. 87, 234,

253,255,262
Canima, The, 44
Cantling v. Hannibal & St. Joseph R.

R.242
Capehart v. Seaboard, &c. Railway,
125



Caperton, So. Ex. Co. v. 123
Captain John, The, 333
Carey, Commonwealth v. 1 57
Carl Johan, The, 11, 14
Carlotta, The, 300

Carlson v. Oceanic Steam Nav. Co. 49
Carman, Gilmore v. 302
Carman's Exp. Co., Collins v. 16
Carnegie, Jessup v. 200
Caroline, Whitmore v. 248
Carpenter v. Grand Trunk R. R. Co.
149

V Ins. Co. 13

V. Washington & G. R. R. Co.
170
Carper, Cinn. &c. R. R. Co, v. 158
Carr v. Lancashire & York R. R. Co.
86, 235

V. Michigan, 342

Williams v. 201
Carroll v. Mo. Pacific R. Co. 84, 88

Nash. R. R. Co. z/. 176

V. N. Y. & N. H. R. R. 157.

Overland, &c. Express Co. v.
246

V. Staten Island R. R. Co. 50,
51, 108. 219
Carrow, Mich. Cent. R. R. Co. v. 207
Carson v. Harris, 289
Carstairs v. Merchants' & Traders' Ins.

Co. 340
Cassilay v. Young, 342
Cayzer v. Taylor, 80
Central Line, &c. v. Low, 297
Central Pac. R. R., Cody v. 149

Drew V. 178

Phister v. 99, 210
Central R. R. & Banking Co. v. Avant,
286

V. Smitha. 83, 102, 216
Central R. R. of N. J. v. Green, 152

Kinney v. 87, 107, no
Central R. R. Co. v. Avant, 286

V. Combs, 286

V. Dwight Manfg. Co. 224

V. Kuhn, 261

McClellan v.\\\

National Docks •z'. 131

V. Smuck, 335

York Co, V. 82, 227, 273, 275,

324
Chadwick, Spencez/. 313
Chamberlain v. Western Transporta-
tion Co. 16, 22, 24, 49
Champlain Trans Co., Dougan v. 51
Farmers' Bank v. 76, 231, 233,
242



TABLE OF CASES.



XV



Chanslor, Lemon v. 107
Chapin. Goold 71. 284
Chapman v. Erie R. R. 80
Fisk V. 297
V. Royal Netherlands Steam

N. Co. 43
Steamship Sultana v. 331
Chappell V Bradshaw, 41, 51
Charleston & Savannah R. Co. v.

Moore, 210
Charlotte R. R. Co., Palmer v. 148,

169
Chartered Merc.Bk. of India?/, Nether-
lands India S, N. Co. 199, 234
Chasca, The, 329
Chase v. N. Y. Central R. R. 134
Chastine, Memphis & Charleston R.

R. Co. V. 171
Chenewith. Lackawanna & Blooms-
burg R. R. V. 158
Cheney v. Boston & Me. R. R. 143,
146, 178
Hall V. 253
Chesapeake & O, R. R. Co,, Wilson v.

148, 265
Chesapeake, O. & S, W, R. Co, v.

Wells, 152
Cheshire R. R., Bucher v. 219
Chesholm, Chic. & N. W. R. R, Co.

V. 178, 233
Chester, Rossiter v. 14
Chevellier v. Patton, 247
Cheviot V. Brooks, 314
Chicago & Alton R. R., Churchill v.
146, 148
Dawson v. 84 .
V. Flagg, 135, 171
T/. Randolph, 154, 159
V. Shea, 211, 212
V. Simms, 123, 126
Thompson v. 128
Chicago, B. & Q. R. R., Bryan v. 175
V. Griffin, 154, 168
V. Manning, 259, 296, 308
Palmer v. 283
V. Parks, 133, 135, 137, 171
Chicago & Great Eastern R. R. Co.,

V. Harney, 81
Chicago & G. T. R. Co., Thomas v.

154
Chicago, M. & St. P. R. R., Cream
City R. R. V. 238
Gould V. 176
Hemingway v. 176
Hutchison v. 214, 227
Chicago & N. W. R. R,, Ayres v. 105,
248, 257
V. Bannermann, 150



Chicago & N. W.R. R., Bass 7/. 151,
158

V. Chesholm, 178, 233

V. Gandy, 260

German v. loi, 270

Haley •z'. 155

Hart V. 217

Laughlin v. 253

Marquette v. \z^i

McDaniels v. 235

McDonald and wife v. 78

V. Merrill, 178, 233

V. Montford, 229, 274

V. Peacock, 172

Peet V. 246

Peik v. 200, 349

People V. 132, 174

Post 7/. 149, 150

Sherman v. 142, 163

Stone 7/. 146, 163, 173, 176

V. Swett, 81

Wightman^/. 142

V. Williams, 151, 152, 159
Chicago & Rock Id. R. R. v. Warren,

33I1 332
Chicago, R. I. & P. R., Paine v. 135

Way V. 108, 150
Chicago, St. L. & P. R. R. Co. v.

Bills, 159, 173
Chicago, St. Louis & New Orleans R.



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