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Everett Schermerhorn Stackpole.

History of Durham, Maine; online

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1810-15. Ebenezer Warren, 1836.

1815-20. William Newell, 1837.

1815-18. Luther Plummer, 1839.

1818. Nathaniel Bragdon, 1839.

1820. Joseph H. Hoyt, 1839.

1823. William Roak, 1840.

1824. Jonathan C. Merrill, 1840.

1825. John Nason, 1841.

1827. William Miller, 1842.

1828. '38, and '56. Wm. 1842.
Newell, Jr.,

1828. Job P. Sylvester.



Jacob Strout,
John D. Spaulding,
Joseph Warren,
Paul Douglass,
John Plummer,
Sam'l Newell,
Benj. P. Roberts,
Abel Tracy,
Merrill W. Strout,
David B. Strout,
David R. Bowie,
James M. Brickett,
Benj. G. Hoyt,
Wm. H. Parker,
Washington Parker,
Gardner Larrabee.



MILITARY RECORD



99



Lieutenants.
Ebenezer Newell, 1838 Sidney Skelton,



1781

1806-12 Abel True, 1839

1806 Elijah Macomber, 1839

1809-19 Elias Staten, 1839

181 5 John Gerrish, 1841

1812-15 Francis Harmon, 1842

1819 Apollos Jordan, 1856

1828 Joseph Davis, 1856

1829 Hanson Wilbur, 1856
1837 Horace Wright, 1856



Moses Atkinson,
David Johnson,
Chas. S. Parker, cornet,
Secomb Jordan,
Alexander Bowie,
Israel T. Warren,
2nd. Lt. James Strout Jr.
3d. Lt. Emery S. Warren
4th. Lt. Newell Strout,



The following are called Lieutenant in Town Records, though
the dates of their commission have not been found : William
Gerrish, 1789, and John Hoyt, 1789.



1797
1809
1812
1815
1808
1808
1816
1835
1837
1843
1842

1843
1844



Ensigns.
1830.



Isaac Gerrish,

Samuel Roberts, 1841.

Ebenezer Newell, 1842.

Joshua Gerrish, 1842.

Jacob Herrick, Chaplain.

John Converse, Surgeon's Mate.

John Ricker, Surgeon's Mate.

Joseph Merrill, Surgeon.

Sam'l Newell, Lt. Col.

Emery S. Warren. Quarter Master

Wm. Newell, Lt. Col.

Wm. Newell, Col.

Wm. Newell, Brig.-Gen.



John Gushing, Jr.,
Benj. F. Nason,
Sewall Pollister,
Cyrus Owen,



DURHAM MILITIA IN THE WAR OF 1812.
There seems to have been no use other than ornamental for
the Durham militia until 18 14, when there was an alarm at Bath
to the effect that the British were to land an expedition there.
Durham sent two companies to the rescue. They gathered at
the North Meeting House Sunday morning, where Rev. Jacob
Herrick, chaplain of the Regt., offered a fervent prayer before
their departure. The pay roll of one company is in the posses-
sion of E. H. Gerrish of Lewiston. It is of great interest as



lOO



HISTORY OF DURHAM



bearing the autograph signatures of the members of the company.
This pay-roll shows that the Lieut, was paid $30 per month ; the
Ensign $20; Sergeants $11; Corporals $10; fifer and drummer
$9 ; and privates $8. The total cost of this company for a
campaign of twenty days was $478.50. Even miniature warfare
is an expensive business. No enemy appeared, though many of
the militiamen were frightened by false alarms. The following
names appear on the "Muster-Roll of Capt. Ebenezer Warren's
Company of Infantry of the 2nd. Regt. ist. Brigade, nth
Division in the service of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts,
under command of Lt.-Col. Charles Thomas, from the loth of
Sept. to the 29th of Sept. 1814, — called into actual service under
Regt.'s orders of Sept. loth, 18 14, and stationed and discharged
at Bath."



Ebenezer Warren, Capt.

(Lame at home)
Francis Harmon, Lieut.
W^illiam Newell, Ensign,
Zebulon York, Sergt.
Ebenezer Roberts, Sergt.
Henry Warren, Sergt.



Joshua Gerrish, Corp.
John Fifield, Corp.
Lemuel Nichols, Corp.
Ivory Warren, Corp.
Israel Newell, Fifer,
James Woodbury, Drum.
William Gerrish, Sergt.



Privates.



Andrew Adams, Jr.,
James Booker,
John Blethen,
Joseph Beal,
Francis Bennet,
Andrew Blethen,
James Gushing,
William Davis,
Nathaniel Duran,
James Dyer,
Richard Dyer, (Sick on
furlough, Sept. 22.)
John Farr,
O. Israel Fifield,
Samuel Goodwin,
Charles Gerrish,
Benjamin Gerrish, Certificate,



Reuben Higgins,

John Hoyt, Jr., Certificate,

Joseph Hoyt,

Timothy M. Hibbard,

William Harrington,

William Johnson, Certificate,

Francis Knight,

George Littlefield,

Joseph Malcom,

James Maxwell,

Jabez Merrill.

appear, Sept. 10.)
Peter Mitchell. (Absent

furlough, Sept. 22.)
Benjamin M. Moses,
John Newell. (Servant

Ensign Newell.)



(Notified to



on



to



MILITARY RECORD



lOI



Discharged



(Notified to



James Nichols,
Clement Orr,
Aaron Osgood, Jr.

Sept. i6.
David Osgood, Jr.,
Moses Osgood,
Jacob Herrick, Jr.

appear Sept. lo.)
Benjamin True,
Benjamin Vining,
William Vining,
Stephen Wesson,
Rufus Warren, (On furlough

Sept. 22.)
Samuel Wagg,

(Notified to appear Sept
Henry Wormell,
Simeon Snow,
Moses Snow,
Job Sylvester, 3rd.,
Joseph Sylvester,
Samuel Tracy, Certificate,



John Gerrish,

James Gerrish, Certificate,

Moses Gerrish,

Daniel Harmon,

O. Israel Harmon,

(Servant to Lieut. Harmon)
Robert Harmon, at Portland
Nathaniel Osgood, Jr.,
Samuel G. Osgood,
Setli Pierce,
Wm. Porterfield,
John Rourk,
William Roak,
Thomas Runnels,
Andrew Scott,
(Substitute Rowland Hill.)
Ebenezer Snow,
Isaac Stetson,
Charles Stetson,
Ebenezer Strout,
(Notified to appear, Sept. 10.)
Theophilus Thomas,

Total, 82.

The following Roll was prepared by Z. K. Harmon and placed
in the Adjutant General's Office at Augusta.

Roll of Capt. William Webster's Co. of Militia in Lieut. -Col.
Charles Thomas' Regt., raised in Durham and in service at Bath
13th to 27th Sept. 1814.



10.)



William Webster, Capt.
Elias Staten, Lieut.
Samuel Roberts, Ensign,
Jeremiah Dingley, Sergt.
Thomas Waterhouse, Sergt.
Luther Plummer, Sergt.



John Stackpole, Jr., Sergt.
Nathaniel Bragdon, Corp.
Edmond Dow, Corp.
John Mitchell, Corp.
Joshua Robinson, Fifer.



Thomas Austin,
David Bowie,
George Bowie,
Simeon Blethen,



Privates.

Andrew Hunnewell,
Benjamin Hunnewell,
John Hunnewell,
Moses Hunnewell,



I02



HISTORY OF DURHAM



John Bragdon, Jr.,
Ephraim Bragdon,
John Dingley,
John ElHs,
Thomas Fabyan,
Joshua Fickett,
Rishworth Fickett,
Reuben Gross,
Andrew Harriden,
Dennis Libby,
Moses Libby,
WilHam Libby, Jr.,
Orlando Alerrill,
Isaac Martin,
Charles McKenny,
Jedidiah McKenny,
William McKenny,
David Miller, Jr.,
Samuel Nichols, Jr.,
Amos Parker,
Nathaniel Parker,
Elijah Proctor,
George Proctor,
Samuel Putney,
George Rice,



Robert Hunnewell,
Joshua Jones, Jr.,
Isaac Lambert,
John Larrabee,
Jonathan Larrabee,
Joseph Larrabee,
Nathaniel Larrabee,
William Larrabee,
William Larrabee, Jr.,
Reuben Roberts,
Samuel Roberts, Jr.,
Samuel Sawyer,
Samuel Skinner,
Samuel Stackpole,
Jeremiah Stoddard,
James Strout,
Jonathan Strout,
Ammi Vining,
Samuel Ward,
WilHam Webster, Jr.,
Nathaniel Wilbur,
Thomas Roberts, 3rd.,
Samuel Turner,
Daniel Rice,
Total, 68.



Durham is said to have furnished the following volunteers in
the War of 18 12. I am unable to give authority for the state-
ment.

Nathaniel Bragdon, Ezekiel Mcintosh,

Jarvis Beal, John Nason,

Theophilus Knight, William Roak,

Asa Lambert, William Weeks,

Simeon Sanborn, Samuel Goodwin,

Barstow Newell.

SOLDIERS IN THE REBELLION.

The Rebellion had some sympathizers in Durham, but they

were few and are now well forgotten. The town was for the

Union and for the abolition of slavery. The first adherents of

the Republican party had been reproached for voting a "nigger



MILITARY RECORD



103



ticket," but when the strife of arms came all except an ing-lorious
few wanted freedom for all. The town voted bounties for volun-
teers and also for the drafted, ranging from $100 to $300. The
total amount paid in bounties was $27,673. Durham is
accredited with one hundred and sixty-one soldiers. Some of
these were men obtained to fill the quota, and as substitutes, from
other towns. The following ninety-nine names, gathered from
the Adjutant General's Reports, are the men of Durham who
served in the Rebellion, though other natives of the town enlisted
from and were accredited to other places. Twenty-one of these
sacrificed their lives for their country, of whom eight fell in
battle. None was worthier than Samuel Newell who after having
served in the militia in all offices up to Lieut. -Col., after having
resigned the last office in order to enlist as a private, in 1839,
in the threatened Madawaska campaign, dyed his hair and at the
age of fifty-six passed for forty-five, enlisting as a private
musician. He died in the Marine Hospital at New Orleans.





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MUSTERED
IN.



MUSTERED
OUT.



Blaney C. Allen.
John R. Anderson.
Wni. W. Bailey.

Henry Beal.
James P. Beal.
Thomas R. Beals.

Isaac M. Bishop.
Isaac A. Ulethen.
Willard A. Bowie.
Wm. D. Brewster.
Silas Campbell.
Samuel Cary.
Nathaniel D. Chase.



Arthur L. Coombs.
James E. Covel.
Albert Crockett.
Sylvester Cushing.
John H. Davis.

William Davis.

Francis Day.
Joseph T. Dennison.
Charles Doughty.
George Duran.
Benj. F. Estes.
Jeremiah Estes.
Julius E. Eveleth.
Andrew G. Fitz.
Henry E. Fitz.
B. Franklin Frost.
Almon J. Gardiner.
Chas. C. Gatchell.
Joseph P. Gatchell.
Nelson Gatchell.
James Gatchell.
Eben Gould.



Nov. 16, '61
Nov. 16, "61
May 3, '61
Sept. 29,'62
Sept. 29,'62
Aug.14,'62
May 3, '61
Oct. 4, '61
Sept. 29,'62
June24,'61
Apr. 14, '65
Sept. 29, '62
Sept. 29,'62

Sept. 29,'62
Dec. 12, '63
Jan. 19, '65
Sept. 29,'62
Oct. 4, '61
Dec. 12, '63

Oct. 4, '62

Aug. 14,'62

June 24,'61
June24,'61
Aug. 22,'61
Jan. 2, '64
Sept. 22, '61
Aug. J4,'62
Sept.29,'62
Oct. — '61.

June24,'61
May 3, '61
Sept.23,'64
Aug. 21, '61
Sept.29,'62

Dec. 18, '61



Aug. 5, '61
July 10, '63
July 10, '63

Aug. 5, '61
May 7, '63
July 10, '63

May 19, '65
Julv 10, '63
July 10, '63

July 10, '63

Sept. 5, '65
July 10, '63



July 10, '63
July 27, '64

July 13, '65

July 10, '63
Sept., '62.



Aug. 5, '61
June 5, '65



[Aug. 28, '62.
Discharged for disability,
Died at Fortress Monroe

[Feb. 8, 1862.
Promoted Sergeant.

Sick; discharged Feb. 4, '63.



Promoted corporal. Killed
[Nov. 27, 1863.



Disch. disability, May 20,

[1864.

Killed, Antietam, Sep.17,'62.
Sick; disch. July 31,1865.



Wound. GettyBburg, July 1, '63.
Pr.corp.; taken pris. Aug.19,'64.
Promoted corp. and sergt.
Discharged Oct. 3, 1861.
Discharged for disability.
Died of wounds, Apr. 10, '64.
Promoted corporal.
D. Annapolis, Md. Oct. 5,'63.



Discharged, May 8, 1862.



Pr. Corp. D. Jan. 24, 1863.
D. in hospital, Dec. 15, 1862.
Enlisted from Biddeford.



I04



HISTORY OF DURHAM





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MUSTERED
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Amaziah Grant.
Samuel R. Grant.
Henry Hackett.
Edwin D. Hall.
Daniel Harvey.
Charles Haskell.

John D. Haskell.
John Q. Jordan.
George F. Joy.
George G. Leavens.
Sam'l Loring.
Sam'l B. Libby.
Wm. Mcintosh.

Geo. L. Maconiber.
Joseph Maconiber.
Melvin W. Marston.
Chas. S. Merrill.
Horace P. Merrill.
James R. Merrill.
John Merrill.
Seward Merrill.
Wm. S. Michaels.

James H. Miller.

Horace H. Moody.
Enoch F. Newell.
Joseph Newell.
Samuel Newell.
Edwin Osgood.
Jeremiah Osgood.
Albert \V. Owen.

Geo. H. Parker.

Wm. H. Polhster.
Cyrus A. Roak.
Alfred Roberts.



Benj. F. Roberts.
Nahum Roberts.
Wm. H. H. Roberts.
Edmund H. Soper.
E. W. Stetson.
Benj. F. Stevens.
Geo. T. Storah.
Frederick H. Strout.
Freeman H. Strout.
Newell Strout.
Prescott R. Strout.
Revillo Strout.
Sumner N. Strout.

Daniel Sutherland.
Orville Swett.
Roscoe Sylvester.
Sam'l M. Thomas.
Alonzo G. Turner.
George Tuttle.
Rufus Tuttle.
Thomas Tuttle.
Irving Tyler.
Joseph Tyler.
Francis Venus.
Oren S. Vickery.
Wm. A. Walker.
Chas. A. N. Watennan.

Chas. W. Wills.
Joseph O. Wilson.
Sam'l A. Wilson.



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10th Me.

16th Me.
1st Cav.
5th Me.
Ist Me.
10th Me.
IIU.SJ.
25th Me.
20th Me.
16th Me.
Ohio Rgt.
20th Me.
25th Me.
29th Me.
30th Me.
20th Me.

1st Me.
25th Me.
20th Me.
30th Me.



20th Me.

5th Me.
20th Me.
17th Me.
30th Me.
N.Y.Vola.
13th Me.
25th Me.
30th Me.
1st Me.
10th Me.
20th Me.
30th Me.
10th Me.
25th Me.
1st Art.
32d Me.
9th Me.
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25th Me.
Wis. Art.
25th Me.
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30th Me.

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5th Me.
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5th Me.
20th Me.
Mass. Inf.

5th Me.
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1st Art.
32d Me.
25th Me.
8th Me.



Oct. 4, '61
Oct. 4, '61
Aug. 14,'62
Feb. 19, '64
June24,'61
May 3, '61
Oct. 4, '61

Sept.29,'62
Aug. 29,'62
Aug. 14,'62

Aug. 29,'62
Sept. 29,'62
Sept. 16,'64
Dec. 12, '63
Aug.29,'62
Aug. 29,'62
May 3, '61
Sept 29,'62
Aug. 29,'62
Dec. 12, '63



Aug. 29,'62

Aug. 29, '62
Mch. 13,'65
Dec. 12, '63

Dec. 10, '61
Sept. 29,'62
Dec. 12, '63
May 3, '61
Oct. 4, '61
Aug.29,'62
Dec. 12, '63
Oct. 4. '61
Sept. 29,'62
Dec. 30, '63
Mch.23,'64
Oct. 8, '63
Nov. 16, '61
Sept. 29, '62

Sept. 29,'62
Dec. 4, '61
June 4, '61
June 4, '61
June 4, '61
Dec. 12, '63

Sept.29,'62
Dec. 12, '63

Mch. 13,'65

June 24,'61
Aug. 29, '62



June 24,'61
Aug.29,'62
Aug. 29, '63
Sept. 29,'62
Sept. 29, '62
Sept. 16,'62
June 24,'61
June 28,'64
May 6, '64
Sept. 29,'62
Dec. 21, '63



May 7, '63



Aug. 5, '61



July 10, '63
July 16, '65



1865
July 10, '63
June 5, '65
Aug. 20,'65



Aug. 5, '61
July 10, '63



Jan. 6, '65
July 10, '63
Aug. 21,'65
Aug. 5, '61



Aug. 20,'65

July 11, '63
July 10, '63
June 28,'64

July 10, '63



June 4, '65
July 10, '63
July 10, '63



June21,'65
July 10, '63



Disch. for disability, Oct. 4,
Disch. June 2, 1865. [1862.
Discharged June 5, 1865.
Killed at Gaines's Mill.

Pr. 2d. Lieut. Wounded at
[Slaughter Mountain.

[18,1863.

Lost an arm in battle. Dis. Feb.

D. of fever. Mar. 6, 1862.

Detailed to Signal Corps,'63.

[Prisoner at AndersonviUe.



D. in AndersonviUe prison, July
[29, 1864.

[1863.
Killed, Gettysburg, July 2,
D. of disease, June 19, 1864.
Enlisted from Gardiner.

Pr. sergt. Wounded June 21, '63.
[Trans, to Vet. Corps, Oct.ll, '64.
D. Pt. Lookout, Aug. 30, '62.
Pr. Corp. and sergt. Dis. '64.
Never joined rgt. Dis. Portland.
Tr. Vet. C. D. June 30, '64.
Killed by sharpshooter near
[Richmond, Aug. 1, 1864.

Promoted sergeant.

[in Durham, 1862
Dis. fordis., Aprilll, '62. D.
Tr. to Vet. C, Sept. 25, 1863.

Dis. for disability June 5,'62.

" April 20, '63.

" July 17, '64.

Pr. Corp. D. in hosptl. July 9, '65.

Discharged July 10, 1865.

Re-enlisted 1865. Wounded

[Sept. 19, 1865.



Enlisted from Lewiston.
Pr. 1st sergeant.
Killed Chantilly, Apr. 11,'62.
Resigned Aug. 8, 1861.
Disch. as supernumerary.



Killed at Pleasant Hill, Apr.
Not mustered in. [9, 1864.
Never joined Co. Mustered out.

Discharged Oct. 3, 1861.
Disch. for disability, March
[5, 1863.

Dropped from roll by order, '62.
Discharged. [D. Durham,'62.
Pr. principal musician.

Pr. Corporal.

Killed in action, Jan. 3, 1864.

Disch. Feb. 5, 1863.

Tr. to 31st Inf.

Died of wounds June 14, '64.




REV. ALLEN H. COBB.



A FEW OUT OF MANY IO5

IX.

A FEW OUT OF MANY

REV. ALLEN H. COBB was born in Barnstable, Mass., 21
Nov. 1780. He was admitted to N. E. Conf. of the M. E. Church
in 1802, and settled in Durham in 18 18, where he remained till
his death, 15 Sept. 1856. He was a member of the Convention
that formed the Constitution of Maine in 1820. He repre-
sented Durham in the Legislature nine years. Was Sen-
ator from Cumberland Co. two years and two years a
member of the Executive Council. He once said "If
life could be lived over again, I would continue in the
itinerancy, rather than enjoy civil honors." He preached here
and there, as opportunity was afforded throughout his life.
In 1848 he was readmitted to the Maine Conf. as a mark of
respect for his valuable services and placed on the superannuated
list. "He was faithful in all that was committed to him, ever
ready with his counsel to serve any, and emphatically a friend
of the poor, the widow and the orphan. As a preacher he
retained his popularity to the last. He was clear, methodical and
instructive in his discourses. A great crowd attended his funeral,
and the falling tear and subdued feeling showed how much he
was loved. "^

He married (i) 14 April 1807, Jane Ferguson of Durham who
died 13 Feb. 1815; (2) 16 April 1816 Nancy, sister to his first
wife. She died 21 Feb. 1871, aged 80 yrs. He lived on the
"Hallowell Road'' between S. W. Bend and Methodist Corner.
The Records of Durham show 276 marriages solemnized by him.

By his first marriage the children were John, born in Bethel
I April 1808, who was for many years a useful and beloved
member of the Maine Conf., as is still his son. Rev. Gershom F.
Cobb ; Maria, who m. Elbridge Osgood ; Hannah ; and Susan,
d. 21 Nov. 1837, aged 23 yrs.

By second marriage there were George F. ; Charles

'Minutes of Maine Conference. Memoir written by Rev. Chas. W.
Morse.



I06 HISTORY OF DURHAM

CoRYDON, born in Durham 17 Sept. 1818, m. 5 June 1842 Esther
Sydleman, d. at Colorado Springs 18 July 1889; their children
born in Durham were Allen Corydon, b. 13 Jan. 1853, and Frank
Woodbury, b. 20 Nov. 185 1 ; Edward, b. 25 Sept. 1820, lives at
179 Brookline St., Boston, Mass. ; Allen, b. 7 Oct. 1824, d. 22
Dec. 1834.

HON. NELSON DINGLEY, Jr., son of Nelson and Jane
(Lambert) Dingley, was born Feb. 15, 1832, on lot 90 in
Durham, in the house now occupied by Herbert Wagg. So
many extended biographical sketches of him have been published
that it is here needful to state only the salient points of his career.
When he was very young, his parents removed to Parkman,
thence to Unity, Me. He entered Waterville College in 185 1
and graduated at Dartmouth College in 1855, having meanwhile
gained much experience as a teacher, writer and debater. He
studied law with Fessenden & Morrill of Auburn and was
admitted to the bar in 1856. He purchased the Lewiston
Journal in 1856, added a daily edition in 1861 (when his brother
Frank L. Dingley became connected with him in business) and
soon gained for it a reputation as an advocate of Republican
principles, anti-slavery, temperance and good morals. He was
chosen Representative from Auburn to the State Legislature,
1861-2, and from Lewiston 1863-4, 1867 and 1872. Was twice
elected Speaker of the House. In 1867-8 he was at the head
of the State Lodge of Good Templars. In 1873 he was elected
Governor of Maine and re-elected the following year. During
all this time he was conspicuous as a political writer and speaker.
In 1881 he was elected a member of the National House of
Representatives, and has been a member of every Congress since
that date. His speeches on American Shipping and National
P'inance have caused him to be recognized as a leader. He has
served as Chairman of several very important committees. In
1894 he was made Chairman of the Committee of Ways and
Means, and became leader of the Republican majority of the
House. He was tendered by President McKinley the posi-
tion of Secretary of the Treasury, but preferred to remain
in the House. He was in 1898 a member of the International
Commission to adjust differences with Canada. The success of
the Dingley Tariff Bill has confirmed his reputation as a financier
and statesman.




HON. NELSON DINGLEY, JK.



w\



A FEW OUT OF MANY IO7

Mr. Dingley is a member of the Congregational Church and
was Moderator of the National Congregational Council in 1894,
at Syracuse, N. Y. He was honored with the degree of LL.D.
by Bates College in 1874 and by Dartmouth College in 1894.
Durham is proud of him, and he has no reason to be ashamed
of Durham. He showed his loyalty to his native town by
delivering the principal address at her Centennial in 1889.

Since the above was written Mr. Dingley has died at Wash-
ington, D. C, 13 Jan. 1899, of pneumonia, lamented by the entire
nation. The loss of his public services is deeply felt. All parties
unite to do honor to the memory of a noble and eminently useful
life.

THOMAS ESTES was the son of Caleb and Lydia (Bishop)
Estes, and was of the fourth generation from Richard Estes,
the Quaker immigrant, who came from Dover, England, to
Boston, in 1684 and afterwards settled in Lynn, Mass.

Thomas Estes was born in Durham, Maine, August 20, 1784,
and died there October 16, 1870, on the farm which he purchased
in the southern part of the town. He married Betsey Hayford
Alden of Greene, Maine.

He was a man of sound judgment and a prosperous farmer.
Though his own early education was somewhat limited, he was
a great reader and strove to give his children all the advantages
possible in acquiring an education beyond the common school.
He was a Justice of the Peace, performed the marriage ceremony,
did conveyancing for his neighbors and townspeople, and held
ofiEice on the board of selectmen. He represented Durham two
years in the legislature.

Attaining his majority during the administration of President
Jefferson, he early became imbued with the principles of the
Democratic party and adhered to that faith through all the
mutations of politics until he died. He was a great admirer of
Andrew Jackson who was his beau ideal statesman.

He was born and reared a Quaker, but choosing to marry
out of the society and thus incur its penalty he was "disowned,"
as was the custom in those days for such "worldly behavior."
His religious sympathies, however, remained with the society of
his Quaker ancestors, and long years before his death he again
united with it. A Quaker from principle and love of peace —
one of the cardinal tenets of that denomination — while discoun-
tenancing disloyalty and rebellion, he did not look with favor



I08 HISTORY OF DURHAM

upon Friends taking up arms and joining in the fratricidal strife
between the States during the Civil war, believing such action
on the part of Friends inconsistent with the fundamental
teachings of the Quaker discipline. But he was a lover of the
whole Union and did not countenance in any sense the secession.
A man of sterling integrity, positive and honest in his convic-
tions, and well informed on all public questions, he never shrank
from political discussion.

As a neighbor he was obliging and tolerant to those
disagreeing with him. He was a temperance man from principle
and habit. As a father of a large family — twelve children whom
he lived to see grown men and women — he was one of the
kindest of men and mdulgent in all that conduced to their tem-
poral welfare and happiness. Somewhat stern in his manner,
never playful nor frivolous, only a word or a look from him was


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