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will wait on me I will give you a free passage." " I thank you,"



64 HISTORY OF DURHAM

said the boy. The captain's home was Roxbury Hill, some three
miles on the way to Newton. Samuel stopped with him over
night. He loved the boy and was ready to do for him. When
evening came, the captain's friends came in to welcome him
home. He introduced the boy to them and told them, "I
brought this boy, who walked from Durham to Portland, on his
way to his grandfather's at Newton. He wants to get an
education, but has no means. His own mother died when he was
three years old ; when he was six years old he had a step-mothei
and now his father is dead. He has five brothers and two
sisters." "My brothers and sisters are all kind and obedient to
our step-mother," said Samuel, "she works hard, we all help her,
but we are poor. I am very anxious for an education. I have
nothing in the world but the clothes I have on and this little
package and thirty-nine cents. " The captain said, " Gentlemen,
this recital stirs my heart. I will put down $200, for this boy"s
benefit. What say you? " Two subscribed $150, each, and the
old Roxbury School Master, being present and in tears, shouted.
"I will be good for $300." The boy burst into tears. The School
Master said, " I will have you ready for Harvard as soon as I can,
so cheer up. " The boy exclaimed, " I thank you a thousand
times." He was in a few hours at his grandfather's and found
a welcome reception and made his mother's birth-place his home.
He soon entered the Latin School at Roxbury and in three years
entered Harvard, from which he was graduated with honor in
1807. He had a call to the Principalship of Lynn Academy,
where he did good work and received good pay. Now feeling
the burden of his ministerial and missionary call, he entered
Andover Theological Seminary, Vvdiere he became intimate Avitb
Adoniram Judson. At a great missionary meeting at Bradford
he met for the first time Harriet Atwood and fell in love with
her. Adoniram was fortunate enough to meet Ann Hazzeltine
at the same meeting. They both found the delight of their eyes
and the joy of the hearts there, already prepared to give them
their hearts and their hands in the great work of life which the
young men had chosen."

Another account says that he lived for a time in the family of
Judge Lowell and afterw^ard with Mr. Ralph Smith. After
graduating from Andover in 1810 he studied Medicine at
Philadelphia. He was one of the signers of the memorandum




REV. SAMUEL NEWELL.



f^Tn^y^y



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 65

from the students at Andover, dated 27 July 18 10, that led to
the organization of the American Board of Commissioners for
Foreign Missions, and was one of the first four who offered
themselves to that Society for missionary service. He married
Harriet Atwood and they sailed for India 19 Feb. 1812. On his
arrival the Bengal Government ordered him to leave the country.
He went to the Isle of France, where his wife died 30 Nov.
1812. He afterward published the "Life and Writings of Mrs.
Harriet Newell."' He went to Ceylon and thence in 181 7 to
Bombay. He wrote with the Rev. Gordon Hall "The
Conversion of the World or the Claims of Six Hundred
Millions." He is described as a man of excellent abilities and
profound piety. His second wife was Philomelia Thurston of
Elmira, N. Y., who went to India to marry him. They had a
daughter Harriet, who married a Mr. Flart and died in Georgia
about 1890, leaving one son. Samuel Newell died in Bombay,
India, 30 March 182 1, as noble a man as has been born in
Durham.

REV. O. ISRAEL BAGLEY NEWELL was born 5 April
1794, labored on his father's farm in Durham during the sum-
mer, and for six successive years taught school in winter before
he was of age. Having fitted himself for college in the midst of
all this work, he entered as a Sophomore. In college he was
confessedly the foremost man of his class. He graduated from
Bowdoin College in 1819. Next came two years of theological
study in the Andover school ; then on the island of Nantucket he
had charge of an academy one year. In 1822 he was appointed
principal of the "Kimball Union Academy" in Plainfield, N. H.
To this work he devoted himself with earnestness and success.
During his thirteen years at Plainfield he gave instruction to
twelve hundred young persons and fitted about two hundred for
college. This employment, for which he was so well fitted and
which he loved, he was compelled through ill health to give up.
He returned to his native town and became again a farmer.
Here he lived until his death in 1846. During all this period
of teaching and farming he was also a preacher, averaging, it is
thought, a sermon each week. And these sermons "were well
studied, well arranged, clear, instructive, and affecting." All
this, which seems a task for the highest physical and mental



66 HISTORY OF DURHAM

energy, was accomplished by a man who suffered long and much
from feeble health. "He was a man of marked character. His
intellect was clear, discriminating, well trained. He had great
decision, perseverance, and energy. All his movements were
characterized by remarkable punctuality and precision. He did
not suffer himself to be borne along passively by the tide of
circumstances ; he always knew what he was doing and why he
was doing it. He was distinguished for scrupulous veracity,
unbending integrity, and transparent frankness. His piety was
of a uniform, well-balanced, healthful character." He married
(1824) Ester M. Whittlesey of Cornish, N. H. They had no
children. By will he bequeathed $600 to the American Educa-
tional Society for the benefit of poor students in Bowdoin
College, and gave the residue of his estate to the Congregational
Society in Durham. — History of Bowdoin College, page 213.

ELDER DANIEL ROBERTS was born in Durham July
16, 1790. Was converted in 1803 under the preaching of Joshua
Soule, afterward Bishop of the M. E. Church. In 1812 he
married Abigail, daughter of George Goodwin of Durham. He
started for Indiana in 1817. Arriving at Pittsburg in the
early summer of 1818, he constructed a boat, put his family on
board and descended the Ohio River to Cincinnati. Here, in
1819, he united with the Christian Church and was ordained to
preach the Gospel. In 1820 he settled in Dearborn County,
Indiana, where he spent the remainder of his life. He died in
Sparta, Ind., June 24, 1882. His wife died fifteen years before.
They had twelve children, only two of whom survived him. His
son, Judge Omar F. Roberts of Aurora, Ind., has furnished a
published Memorial Discourse of the life and character of his
father, written by the Rev. L. H. Jameson, D. D.

Though he was comparatively poor and dug his living out of
a little farm, he preached the Gospel over sixty years without any
compensation in money, refusing it when offered. It is thought
that he baptized fully three thousand persons, fifty-five at one
time in the dead of winter, with the mercury down to zero,
and the ice ten inches thick. He performed the work in less
than an hour. In 1830, at the request of Gen. Harrison, he
preached on the doorstep of the General's residence, at North
Bend, Ohio, to an immense audience. Gen. Harrison




REV. JONATHAN TRACY.



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 67

pronounced the discourse one of the finest he ever heard, and
faultless from an oratorical point of view. His voice was well
adapted to preaching in the open air. In the course of his
ministry he organized upwards of two hundred churches. No
man in his region of country was more esteemed, nor exerted
a more salutary mfiuence.

REV. CHRISTOPHER TRACY, born 2 Oct. 1758 in Fal-
mouth, was baptized by Elder Benjamin Randall in 1781, and
was one of the original members of the Free Baptist Church in
Durham, of which he remained a member till his death. He was
ordained 31 Aug. 1808. He was an Evangelist, a well educated
man for his tmies, of excellent judgment and earnest as a public
speaker. He had four sons who were licensed to preach, only
one of whom, Jonathan was ordained. He died in Durham 11
Nov. 1839.

REV. JONATHAN TRACY, oldest son of the above, was
born 28 Dec. 1782 in Durham. Moved to Minot, now Auburn,
when a young man. Ordained 24 Feb. 1828. Was called
"Scripture Tracy" for his remarkable familiarity with the Bible.
He baptized between 700 and 800 converts, and one time 45
through a hole cut in the ice. Was an earnest advocate of
temperance and anti-slavery. Died at Wales, Me., 24 Jan. 1864,
aged 81 years. The text at his funeral was I Cor. XV. 58.
'■ Steadfast and unmovable, always abounding in the work of the
Lord." Two of his grandsons. Rev. A. P. Tracy of Vermont
and Rev. Olin H. Tracy of Boston, entered the ministry of the
Free Baptist Church. He was the father of Ferdinand Tracy
now living in Durham. The portrait here presented is from
a daguerreotype taken when he was eighty years old.

REV. ASA McGRAY, though born in N. Yarmouth 18 Sept.
1780, moved to Durham with his father when he was a small
child. He married Susanna Stoddard, in Durham. She was
born in Charlestown, Mass. He first joined the Methodists.
He afterward united with the Free Baptist Church and was
ordained 26 Sept. 1814. He removed in 1816 to Windsor, Nova
Scotia, and died there 30 Dec. 1843. He was a successful
evangelist and organizer of churches. The text at his funeral
was II. Sam. iii. 38. "Know ye not that there is a prince and
a great man fallen this day in Israel?"



68 HISTORY OF DURHAM

REV. DANIEL PIERCE was born in Durham. Licensed
to preach in the Baptist Church in 1816. Ordained pastor of
Lisbon Church in 1818. He had pastorates also in Greene and
Wales. Was preaching occasionally in 1845. He married
Abigail Additon.

REV. EBENEZER BLAKE, son of William and Sarah
(Chandler) Blake, was born in Durham 27 April 1786. Was
converted in the great revival at Methodist Corner in 1804.
Joined the N. E. Conference in 1807 and preached as an itinerant
47 years in Maine, N. H., Mass., and Conn. " He was an active,
laborious and successful minister. " He died at West Bridge-
water, Mass., 2 Jan. 1868.

REV. DANIEL LIBBY, son of Daniel and Mary (Hoyt)
Libby, was born in Durham 22 Feb. 1804; m. 9 Aug. 1832
Eunice R. Wdieeler of Dixfield. Although he was blind he
educated himself for the ministry of the Cong. Church. Was
first settled at Dixfield. Afterward preached at Minot. He died
4 May 1839.

REV. JOHN MILLER was born in Durham 13 May 1806,
and died there 5 Dec. 1869. He was converted in 1829 and
began to preach with the Methodists, in 1837. He afterward
joined the Free Baptists and continued a good and acceptable
minister with them until his death. He felt especially called to
preach to the poor, and his labors were fruitful. He was a man
of much prayer, strong faith, fervid love, and deep piety. One of
the first sermons I remember was preached by him, in which
he drew an illustration from an old Welsh preacher, of Mercy
staying the hand of Justice.

REV. DAVID NEWELL, son of William and Anna (Hoyt)
Newell, was born at Durham 20 Jan. 1805. Was pastor of five
p-ree Baptist churches. Baptized 200 persons. Married 27 Aug.
1825 Jane S. Brackett. Two sons died in the army during the
Rebellion. He died in Gorham 2 Mch. 1891.

CORNELIUS DOUGLAS was born in Durham 12 June
1778. He became an eminent preacher in the Society of Friends.
Moved to Ohio. His farm supported him, and he traveled as a
preacher extensively at his own expense. Was some time Supt.




REV. JOHN MILLER.



^...




NATHAN DOUGLAS.



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 69

of an Indian Mission School in Kansas. He died 7 Aug. 1885
and was buried in Bloomington, Ohio. He married 23 Jan.
1820 Phebe Nichols of Berwick, Me., who died 7 Nov. i!



JOSHUA DOUGLAS was born in Durham 8 Sept. 1794.
He married Jane Adams 11 June 1818. He spent most of his
life as a farmer in Durham. He was recommended as a minister
by the Society of Friends 21 Nov. 1854. He labored successfully
as an evangelist at home and abroad. He was a man of eminent
piety, respected by all. He died 21 Jan. 1881 and is buried in
the cemetery near the Friends' Meeting House in So. Durham.

NATHAN DOUGLAS, son of David and Waite
(Hawkes) Douglas, was born in Durham 18 Jan. 1812. He
married 2 Oct. 1834 Lucy, dau. of Isaiah and Deborah
(Philbrook) Day. He begun preaching among the Friends at
the age of 22, and has been for half a century the principal
minister of the Friends in Durham. His labors have been very
satisfactory at home and abroad, and have resulted in great good.
He has visited nearly every yearly meeting of Friends on this
Continent. He is respected and beloved by all who know him.

DAVID DUDLEY, son of Micajah and Susanna (Forster)
Dudley was born in Durham 15 April 1794. He married Eunice
Euffuni who was born in Berwick, 1796. Fie died in Gardner,
Johnson Co., Kansas. "He was," says Eli Jones, "a well
approved minister in the Friends Society, and traveled
extensively in this country in the work of the ministry." He
^v■as famed as an eloquent preacher. He lived in China, Me.
8 ch.

REV. MARK B. HOPKINS, born m Durham. Joined
Maine Conference in 1840 and served as an itinerant in East
Maine till 1850. He died in Bloomfield 3 June 1859.

REV. JAMES GUSHING was born in Durham 9 Jan. 1809.
Entered Maine Conference in 1831, was stationed successively
at Eliot, Bethel, Saco, Kittery, Newfield, Cornishville and
Berwick. Located in 1850 at South Berwick and carried on the
jeweler's business. Moved to Waupun, Wis. and d. s. p. 1880.
He married (i) Sarah A. Fernald of Kittery. (2) Elizabeth
Raynes of So. Berwick. (3) Mary E. Raynes of So. Berwick.



JO HISTORY OF DURHAM

REV. ANSEL GERRISH, son of James and Susannah
(Roberts) Gerrish, was born in Durham 25 Feb. 1804. Married
Phebe Beal. Entered the Maine Conference of the M. E. church
in 1827. Served at Kennebunkport, Shapleigh, Scarboro and
Rumford. Located in 183 1. Became a physician. Died in
Portland, Me. His son, James WilHam Gerrish, was a surgeon
in U. S. army.

REV. GEORGE PLUMMER, son of Henry and Wealthy
(Estes) Plummer, was born in Durham 7 April 1826. Licensed
to preach in the Free Baptist Church March 1856. Ordained 22
Dec. 1 86 1. Pastor in Durham five years, at Lisbon Falls five
years, at Freeport one year, at W. Bowdoin one year. Has
baptized sixty, married 190 couples and attended 636 funerals.
After 1883 he preached principally in destitute places. Was
member of Maine Legislature in 1859. Married (i) 4 April
1850 Almira J. Cofiin ; (2) 21 Oct. 1881 Ehza Eacot. He died
at Lisbon Falls, 17 June 1897.

REV. ALPHA TURNER was born in Durham 12 June
1S14. Licensed to exhort in 1843. Received into the Maine
Conf. in 185 1, and for 35 years filled some of its least
remunerative appointments with great success. I knew him
well. He was a ' moral hero. He had been a sailor in his
youthful days, and was fond of illustrating spiritual truth by
analogies drawn from the sea. He was a hard worker, very
fervent in prayer, liberal in thought, of kindly disposition. He
married (i) 9 Jan. 1840 Abigail Hutchings of Portland. (2) 28
June 1855 Dorcas S. R. Roberts of Cape Elizabeth. He died at
Cornish 6 Jan. 1897.

REV. WILLIAM H. CRAWFORD, born in Pownal 4 Oct.
1821, was brought up in Durham. Admitted to Maine Confer-
ence in 1844 and served important charges in the eastern part of
the state till 1870, when he was superannuated. He was a very
godly, useful and beloved pastor and preacher. Died 18 Feb.
1889. His son. Rev. George A. Crawford, is Chaplain in the U.
S. Navy.

REV. JAMES BARBER CRAWFORD was born in
Durham 22 Dec. 1828 and died in Bucksport, Me., 31 March
1869. He got his education at Kent's Hill at the price of much




REV. GEORGE PLUMMER.




KEV. FREDERICK HOWARD EVELETH, D.D.



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 7 1

toil and sacrifice. He began to preach in 1862, and joined the
East Maine Conference in 1866. He was for ten years Principal
of The East Maine Conf. Seminary at Bucksport. " He was an
incessant worker. With abihty to teach he united power to win,
and this power was used to train souls for heaven. He was not
satisfied merely to cultivate the minds of his pupils, but aimed to
impress the higher obligations of life. As a preacher his earnest
address enlisted the sympathies and won the affections of his
hearers."

REV. GEORGE A. CRAWFORD, born in Durham 1820.
Entered the Maine Conf. in 1846 and was stationed at Stowe.
He did not remain long a member of the Conference, but
preached often as a local preacher. He was steward of
the seminary at Kent's Hill several years. When postmaster at
Brunswick he supplied the church at Harpswell. He taught
school in his early days in Durham. He was a good teacher,
a man of piety and benevolence, very social by nature and highly
esteemed everywhere. Sickness ended his days in sadness, 25
Sept. 1878.

REV. HORATIO M. MACOMBER was born 22 June 1814.
He joined the Maine Conference of the Methodist Episcopal
Church in 1834. and was successively stationed at Pembroke,
Robbinston, Lubec, York, Eliot, Dam's Mills, Elollis, Cornish,
Gorham, and Kennebunkport. In 1844 he located, became a
dentist and practiced a long time in Lynn, Mass. He died in
Indiana about 1890. He was a preacher of good ability, natural
grace, and unblemished character.

REV. JAMES H. SAWYER was born in Durham. He

became a preacher in the Universalist Church, but was

principally employed as a teacher in Corinna Academy. The
details of his career could not be obtained.

REV. FREDERICK HOWARD PLVELETH, D. D., was
born in Durham 2i- Mch. 1843. ^^^ fitted for College at Hebron
Academy and graduated at Waterville College, now Colby
University in 1870, and at Newton Theological Institute (Mass.)
in 1873. In September following he sailed for Burma as a
missionary of the American Baptist Missionary Union. He



72 HISTORY OF DURHAM

labored in the Burman Mission at Toungas until 1885, with the
exception of a visit to America in 1879. In 1885 he went to
Rangoon for literary work on a new edition of the Burman
Bible first translated by Adoniram Judson. He published
several books in Burmese, such as " Old Testament Biographical
Sketches." Illustrated, Rangoon, 1886, 8vo ; "Burmese Pocket
Dictionary," compiled from Dr. Judson's Dictionaries, Rangoon,
1887, 8vo ; "Preparation and Delivery of Sermons,'" Abridged
and Translated, Rangoon, 1896, 8vo. He again visited America
in 1887 and again in 18S9-90. From 1890 to 1896 he had charge
of the Burman Mission at Sandoway. In the spring of 1896 he
removed to Dusein, a suburb of Rangoon, to assume the duties
of Professor in the Burman Department of the Baptist
Theological Seminary. In 1898 Colby University conferred
upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity.

He married. 14 June 1873, Mattie Howard, dau. of the Rev.
J. F. Eveleth of Eden, Me. They have two sons, Frederick
Shailer, who graduates in 1899 from the School of Medicine of
Boston University, and Charles Edward, a student at the
Worcester, Mass., Polytechnic Institute.

REV. EMERSON H. McKENNEY, son of Abel and Ann
(Miller) McKenney, was born in Durham 23 Oct. 1841. Was
admitted to Maine Conf. in 1867. In 1873 his health becam.e
impaired and he moved to Lynn, Mass. He supplied churches
at Saugus, Essex, and Wilmington during the next ten years.
Died at Saugus \y Feb. 1884. His wife was Eliza S. Hasty of
Durham, m. 28 June 1867.

The Conference Minutes say he "was a holy man, and a
successful minister. All who knew him respected him. His last
sickness was severe, but the end was victorious."

REV. GREENLEAF H. BOWIE, son of David R., was
born in Durham 2 Oct. 1840. He began preaching in i860 as a
licensed preacher of the M. E. Church. In 1868 he removed to
Phippsburg and united with the Free Baptist church. Was soori
after ordained and has served churches at Georgetown, Small
Point, Flodgdon, etc. Is now at Patten, Me. Is a godly and
useful man. Has preached 105 funeral sermons. In 1866 he
married Annie Norton of St. George. They have had eight
children of whom seven are living.



•S-: .




r







ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 73

REV. STANFORD MITCHELL was born in Durham 3
Nov. 1840. In the Civil War he served three years in Co. C,
8th Me. Regt, most of the time in S. Carohna. He entered the
ministry of the L^niversahst Church and being an excellent singer
has been employed for twenty years in Evangelistic work as
preacher and vocalist. He has also been active in Temperance
work. Was last stationed at Caribou.

REV. GEORGE LEAV^ENS, though not born in Durham,
was brought up in the family of William Stackpole. He enlisted
in the Civil War and lost an arm in the service. Fitted for
College at Edward Little Institute, Auburn. Spent some time
at Waterville College. Graduated at the Theological Seminary
at Rochester, N. Y. Married Sarah, dau. of Dea. William
Dingley. Served one or two Baptist Churches in Maine. Died
21 March 1874, aged 31 yrs. 2 mos. Two sons died young. A
daughter, Lou, married Mr. Wheeler and lives in Somerville,
Mass.

REV. EVERETT S. STACKPOLE was born in Durham i t
June, 1850. He was educated at the "Little Red School-
house" till fifteen yeais of age. He then spent two years at
Edward Little Institute, Auburn, fitting for College. Graduated
at Bowdoin College 1871. Began to teach at age of sixteen,
and taught winter and fall terms in Durham, West Minot, No.
Gray, Yarmouth Acaden^y, Hartland Academy, Brewer High
School and Brunswick High School. Thus he paid a large share
of his college expenses. After graduation he taught one year at
Washington Academy, East Machias, and three years as
Principal of the Lligh School in Bloomfield, New Jersey.
Graduated at the School of Theology of Boston University in
1878 and at once entered the ministry of the Maine Conference
of the M. E. Church. He was assigned to the poorest station in
the Conference, Kmgfield Circuit, where the salary paid the
preceding year was $120. His first year's salary in the ministry
was $300. The circuit included three townships, and he made
occasional trips to regions thirty miles beyond. He was
stationed successively at Lisbon, Woodfords, Westbrook, Bath
and Portland. In 1888 he became Director of a Theological
School m Florence, Italy, for the training of Italian preachers,
and continued in that work till 1892, also editing for one year



74 HISTORY OF DURHAM

an Italian religious monthly paper. In 1892-3 he studied
Theology at the University of Berlin and traveled extensively in
Europe, Egypt and Palestine. He rejoined the Maine
Conference and preached at Auburn 1894-8. He is now pastor
of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Augusta, serving also as
one of the Chaplains in the Insane Asylum and in the Soldiers
Home at Togus. He has published, besides many newspaper
articles and several tracts in Italian, " Four and a Half Years in
the Italy Mission," "The Evidence of Salvation, or the Direct
Witness of the Spirit," "Prophecy, or Speaking for God,"
"liistory and Genealogy of the Stackpole Family," and a
"History of Durham." He received the degree of D. D. from
Bowdoin College in 1888.

He married in New Hampton, N. H., 20 Aug. 1878 Lizzie
A. Blake, dau. of the Rev. Charles and Lucy A. (Knowlton)
Blake. They have one son, Everett Birney Stackpole, born in
Lisbon 11 Dec. 1879. He is a member of the class of 1900, in
Bowdoin College.

REV. BENJAMIN F. FICKETT, son of Simon and Lydia
(Sawyer) Fickett, was born in Durham, 22 Feb. 1850. Joined
the M. E. Church in 1867. Admitted to the Maine Conference
in 1890. Has served at Andover, Bethel, Wilton and Phillips.
Has been very successful in building church edifices and in
adding to the membership of the churches served. He is a man
of good sense, earnestness, and native ability. He married (i)
12 Sept. 1877 Clara A. Morse of Bath, who died 9 May 1878;
(2) I Oct. 1881, Zephie A. Rowe of Georgetown, who has
contributed much to his success and helped to win for both a
host of friends.

REV. EDGAR LINDLEY WARREN was born at Durham
Nov. 3, 1858. He was educated for a journalist and served on
the Kennebec Journal. He was for a time official reporter of
the Maine Senate ; also correspondent of the Boston Herald.
He graduated from Andover Theo. Sem. in 1886, and spent
another year in special study. He has been pastor at Claremont,
N. H., North Attleboro, Mass., Westerly, R. I., and is now
pastor of the Cong. Church in Wolfboro, N. H. His ministry
has been unusually fruitful. He married (i) 10 Sept. 1890,
Josephine Weeks of W. Durham. She died 15 Mch. 1893. His
second wife was Edith Gilbert Crow of Hampton Falls, N. H.



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