Exeter College (University of Oxford).

Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents online

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time. On failing to become parish clerk of Ugborough in Devon,
he came to College as a poor scholar and served 4 years as subpromiis,
before he was chosen Fellow. In a Latin letter^ addressed 6 May 1600
' to his assured frind M^ Reaullme Carter at the right Wor. S*" John
Petre his house in Aldersgate-streat in London,' he says that Lapthorne
has taken a parish and a wife, and asks Carter to speak favorably on
his behalf to Sir John Petre, on whose lands in South Brent his family
had long lived. He says his mother, a widow, with ten children,
could not help him. He was chosen 1600, was Rector 161 2, Regius
Professor of Divinity 1615-42, and became the leading theologian of
the school at Oxford which upheld the doctrine of the Reformers as
against the new school represented by Laud. The doctrine of pre-

' Printed in ed. i. p. xxv; see Clark i. 277, Hearne 5 Sep. 1710.
* N. and Gleanings v. 1 34.



HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE. ci

destination gave way to that of free will in the Protestant and Roman
Catholic churches about the same time, for of the two chief leaders of
the new party, Arminius died at Leyden 1609, and Molina at Madrid
1 60 1. Prideaux was shocked when some of the new school main-
tained that the Pope was not Antichrist. In 1576 ' the questions dis-
cussed, An sit piirgatorium, An sit orandum pro defuiictis, An Spiritus
Sanctus hominem peccantetn, electum tanien, prorsus et omnino deserat
tempore pcccati are decided in the negative, and in 1605 it is affirmed
that the Pope is Antichrist. But in 1608 Laud answers affirmatively
to such questions as ^« episcopus tanium possit or dines con/err e.
Selden (who was at Hart Hall 24 Oct. 1600 age 15), as representing
the view of the school to which Falkland, Chillingworth, and Hales
belonged, has some strong remarks in his Table Talk" about Pre-
destination and Prideaux's view, ' it is a point inaccessible, out of our
reach ; we can make no notion of it, 'tis so full of intricacy, so full of
contradiction ' ; his remarks are even stronger against Laud's view of
the divine right of bishops.

Prideaux's lectures on theology were much admired. John Houghton
(who matriculated Leyden 2 July 1632) writes to John Walker 20 July
1635 as a member of Exeter College^, 'victum meum publica ibidem
in aula cum aliis capiendo ' ; he goes to the Bodleian ; Prideaux
' Oxonii gloria, ecclesie lumen maximum, veritatis Anglicanae pro-
pugnator summus' at the last comitia most learnedly refuted the
errors of Socinus and others about the satisfaction of Christ. Prideaux
was popular among the undergraduates, as we see by Shaftesbury's story
given below. There were naturally many stories afloat about Prideaux
and his Fellows, as about later eminent heads of Colleges. On a blank
page in an Oxford statute book of 1638 in the Church library at Crediton
is the following, ' Dr. Prideaux is saying, the second Munday in July is
Act-Munday duly.' One of the Fellows in Prideaux's time (Wood's
Life ii. 399) ' sent his servitour after nine of the clock at night with
a larg botde, to fetch some ale from the alehouse. When he came
home with it under his gowne, the proctor met him and ask'd him
what he made out so late and what he had under his gowne. He
answered that his master had sent him to the stationer's to borrow
Bellarmine, and that it was Bellarmine that he had under his arme ;

' Clark i. 194. '^ Ed. Reynolds 1S92, p. 149. ^ Hist. Comm. xii. 9, 125.



cii HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE.

and so went home. Wherupon in following times, a bottle with
a great belly was called a Bellarmine, as it is to this day, 1677.'

Two letters to Usher from Hakewill and Prideaux ^ may be given
here : —

My very good Lord ;

Your Lordship's favourable interpretation and acceptance of my

poor Endeavours, beyond their desert, hath obliged me to improve

them to the utmost in your good Lordship's service; and more

especially in the good education of that young gentleman (Ja. Dillon ^)

whom you were pleased to commend as a Jewel of price to my care

and trust ; praising God that your Lordship hath been made his

Instrument to reclaim him from the superstitions of the Romish

Church, and wishing we had some more frequent Examples in that

kind, in these cold and dangerous Times. For his tuition, I have

placed him in Exeter Colledg, with Mr. Bodley, a Batchelor of

Divinity, and nephew to the great Sir Thomas Bodley, of whose

sobriety, gravity, piety, and every way sufficiency, I have had a long

trial ; and (were he not so near me in Blood) I could easily afford him

a larger Testimony. He assures me, that he finds his scholar tractable

and studious; so that such a Disposition, having met with such

a Tutor to direct and instruct it, I make no doubt but it will produce

an effect answerable to our expectation and desire : And during mine

abode in the University, my self shall not be wanting to help it

forward the best I may. Your Lordship shall do well to take order

with his Friends, that he may have credit for the taking up of monies

in London, for the defraying his Expenses ; for that to expect it from

Ireland, will be troublesome and tedious. I wish I could write your

Lordship any good news touching the present state of Affairs in this

Kingdom ; but in truth, except it please God to put to his extraordinary

helping hand, we have more reason to fear an utter downfal, than to

hope for a rising. Thus heartily praying for your Lordship's Health

and Happiness, I rest

Your Lordship's

Exeter Colledg in Oxford, unfeigncdly to command

July 16, 1628. Geo. IIakkwill.

• Life of Usher, by Richard Parr, 16S6, p. 398.

* See a letter from Dillon to Usher, 16 July 1628, in Elrinj^ton's Usher xvi. 470.



HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE. ciu

Most Reverend Father in God ;

Your letters were the more welcome unto me, in that they
brought news of the publishing of your Ecclesiastical Antiquities, so
much desired. In which the History of Pelagius and Fauslus'
foysting, being fully and impartially set, will put a period (I trust)
to the troublesome Fancies which of late have been set on foot.
The sight of such a Work would more revive my Simplicity than the
tender of many Preferments so much sought after. Of your purpose
of printing Ignatius here, I never heard. It had been little civility
in me, not to have answered so gracious an Invitation. I am loth
to speak, but the truth is, our Oxford Presses are not for pieces of
that Coin. We can print here Smiglecius the Jesuits IMetaphysical
Logick, and old John Buridane's Ploddings upon the Ethicks. But
matters that entrench nearer upon true Divinity, must be more
strictly overseen. I conceive it a high favour, that it pleased you
to make use of my meanness for the placing of your Kinsman.
I shall strain my best endeavours to make good your Undertakings
to his Friends. Young Tutors oftentimes fail their Pupils, for want
of Experience and Authority, (to say nothing of Negligence and
Ignorance). I have resolved therefore to make your Kinsman one
of my peculiar, and tutor him wholly myself; which I have ever
continued to some especial Friends, ever since I have been Rector
and Doctor. He billets in my Lodgings ; hath (three) fellow Pupils,
which are Sons to Earls, together with his Country-man, the son of
my Lord Caulfield^; all very civil, studious, and fit to go together.
I trust, that God will so bless our joint Endeavours, that his worthy
Friends shall receive content, and have cause to thank your Grace.
Whose Faithful Servant I remain,

Aug. 27. 1628. Jo. Prideaux.

Anthony Lapthorne was chaplain to James I and, the king being
a profane swearer, Lapthorne reproved the Archbishop of Canterbury,
who was present, for not taking notice of the king's swearing on the
bowling green. This made the king afterwards tell swearers that
Lapthorne was coming. His Puritanism however brought him into
trouble with the High Commission. The charge brought against

' See Laud's Works v. part i. p. 265.



civ HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE.

him in Laud's time was that he seldom read the Liturgy except in
Lent, and when he reached the psalms or the lessons would go up
at once into the pulpit, omitting the rest of the service. In his
sermon he frequently reviled some of his congregation in the presence
of strangers whom he had invited to hear him and whom he asked to
assist him in praying out the devils with which his own parishioners
were possessed. He spoke of the clergy generally in disrespectful
terms, and those of his own neighbourhood, Tretire in Herefordshire,
he called idol shepherds, dumb dogs, and soul murderers. These
charges were probably exaggerated, for though he was 9 Oct.
1634 deprived of his benefice and suspended from his ministry for
a time, yet before 19 May 1636 he received permission to continue
his ministry anywhere but in the cure held by him at the time of
his deprivation. John Reynolds left books to Ex. Coll. (Fowler's
Corpus 165). John Flemmyng was chaplain to James I and became
the first warden of Wadham. Thomas Winniffe chaplain to Prince
Charles lost favour for speaking against Gondomar and Spinola when
the Spaniards were overrunning the Palatinate, and was sent to the
Tower ^. He and Prideaux however were two of the divines of the old
school who were made Bishops by Charles when he was endeavouring
to conciliate the country gentlemen who had opposed Laud's and
Strafford's revolutionary schemes. Prideaux had been reprimanded
by Charles for speaking against the new Arminian doctrines in favour
with Laud ^ ; but he, Winniffe, and others of the same school were
unhesitatingly loyal to the king in his troubles, and suffered much
in the Civil War ^. George Hakewill also was imprisoned for opposing

' Camden a. 1622 ' Winnif a sacris principi Carolo ejus gratiam excedit, quia in
eleganti declamatione assimulaverit Fredericum regem Bohemie agno, et Spinoloum
lupo sanguinolenti, quod regem male habuit.' Clarendon iv. 423 ed. 1S19, State
Papers 13 Ap. 1622, 17 and 28 Sep. and 7 Nov. 1624, S. R. Gardiner's Hist. iv.
305. See F. Rous' ' Speech against making D"" Jo. Prideaux, D"^ Th. Winniff,
D"" H. Holdsvvorth, and D' Hen. King bishops till a settled government in
religion be established ' 1642.

'' Laud's Chancellorship pp. 25, 31, 32, 36, 48, 49, 53, 56, 57, 62, 64, 87, 89, 91,
161, 165, 254, 298.

^ Clarendon i. § 191 (Laud) entertained too much prejudice to some persons, as
if they were enemies to the discipline of the church, because they concurred with
Calvin in some doctrinal points, when they abhorred his discipline, and reverenced
the government of the church, and prayed for the peace of it with as much zeal
and fervency as any in the kingdom ; as they made manifest in their lives, and in



HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE. cv

the ill-omened Spanish match. He was an author of some note,
especially for his ' Apologie or Declaration of the Power and Provi-
dence of God in the Government of the World, consisting in an
Examination and Censure of the Common Errour touching Natures
perpetuall and Universall Decay,' which has been praised by Dugald
Stewart. The Apologie had the honour of being used by Milton in his
Naluram non pati senium 1628, the year after its appearance. The
second edition in 1630 is a fine book. Digory Wheare became the
first Camden Professor of History, and was tutor to John Pym. His
Method of reading histories was still in use at Cambridge in 1 700 ^ ;
Nathanael Carpenter's Philosophia Libera was an attack on the Aristo-
telian philosophy and passed through several editions. His Achitophel
is dedicated to Archbishop Usher, who took him to Armagh. Another
eminent fellow was George Hall, afterwards Bishop of Chester.
Usher was on friendly terms with the leading members of Exeter
College and sojourned a considerable time there during the troubles.
Matthew Sutcliffe dean of Exeter named Prideaux, Styles, Norrington
and Carpenter members of his College at Chelsea, the fellows of
which were to be employed in writing the annals of their times and
in combating the doctrines of the Romanists and Pelagians, but the
establishment did not succeed, and became at last an asylum for
invalid soldiers. Thomas Chafyn was chaplain to William Herbert
Earl of Pembroke, famous in connection with the questions about
Shakspere's Sonnets ; Philip Massinger, who was in his service, was
at Alban Hall 1602. Pembroke College was named after him, and
he gave the University a large collection of manuscripts. Chafyn
preached his funeral sermon at Baynard's Castle in 1630 '^. Wood

their sufferings with it, and for it ; vi. § 93 Very many persons of quality, both of
the clergy and laity, who had suffered under the imputation of Puritanism, and
did very much dislike the proceedings of the Court, and opposed them upon all
occasions, were yet so much scandalized at the very approaches to rebellion, that
they renounced all their old friends, and applied themselves with great resolution,
courage and constancy to the King's service, and continued in it to the end, with
all the disadvantages it was liable to.

' Wordsworth 25.

* The Just Man's Memorial . . . as it was delivered in a sermon at BajTiard's
Castle before the interment of the body, London, printed by Elizabeth AUde for
Nathaniel Butter 1630 ; 4° pp. viii, 39. The Epistle dedicatory ' to the right
honorable and most noble, Philip Earle of Pembroke and Montgomery, Lord



cvi HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE.

ii. 485 tells the following curious story about the Earl. * A short story

may not be unfitly inserted, it being very frequently mentioned by

a person of known integrity, whose character is here undertaken to

be set down, and who at that time being on his way to London, met

at Maidenhead some persons of quality, of relation or dependence

upon the Earl of Pembroke (Sir Charles Morgan, commonly called

General Morgan, who had commanded an army in Germany and

defended Stoad, Dr. Field the bishop of S. Davids, and Dr. Chafin

the Earl's then chaplain in his house and much in his favour). At

supper one of them drank an health to the Lord Steward; upon

which another of them said " that he believed his lord was at that

time very merry, for he had now outlived the day which his tutor

Sandford had prognosticated upon his nativity he would not outlive ;

but he had done it now, for that was his birthday which had com-

pleated his age to fifty years." The next morning by the time they

came to Colebrook, they met with the news of his death.' Several

Fellows were members of the Assembly of Divines at Westminster ^,

such as Matthias Styles and John Conant. Nathaniel Norrington was

conspicuous in the controversy with the Remonstrants (Arminians) ;

his epitaph in the Chapel ran thus: 'Ubi? hie, Quis? Remon-

strantium malleus Norringtonus ; proh dolor ! sat est.' His tombstone

is said to have become the hearthstone in the College kitchen.

Another fellow, William Hodges, had to make his submission in

Convocation 1631 for preaching against Arminianism in a sermon

on Numbers xiv. 4 ' Let us make us a captain, and let us return into

Egypt.' George Kendal was the author of Saticti Sa7iciti (in answer

to John Goodwin, the Independent writer), and other learned works

Chamberlaine of his Maiesties Household ' is signed T. C. He says ' My very good
Lord, Tis the usuall fashion and custome among ns that be Preachers (and 'tis as
commendable as common) to commit our thoughts to the safe custody of paper
that they may not die ; and upon occasion, from the paper, to award them to the
Presse, that the dead may live. This fashion have I followed, and yet tis my first
aduentnre this way ; and as my aduenture, so my mishap; that with Croesus sonne,
I should stand dumbe all my life long, till now that I have scene my gracious
Master strucke dead before mine eyes, and with Elisha forst to cry out after him ;
My Master, my Master, the Chariots of Israel and the Horsemen thereof . . . none
of these things move me . . . that I might be held seruicable to the bleeding memory
of my deare, deare Master.' In this dedication T. C. deals very faithfully with
Lord Philip. The sermon is on ' Esay 57, i.'
* See the list of names in Maison's Milton.



HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE. cvii

on the Presbyterian side' (Dredge's Sheaves p. 35). Baldwin Acland

was tutor of Thomas Clifford, the Lord Clifford of the Cabal ministry.

The College was now training men like Sir John Eliot, William

Strode, William Noye and Sir John Maynard^ — the contemporaries

* The ' Justa Funebria ' in 161 3 on Sir Thomas Bodley included poems by Rector
Prideaux, Nathaniel Carpenter, Arthur Harris, Robert Oxenbregge Eq. fil. nat.
max., Thomas Browne, Peter Prideaux, J. B., J. Shermarius Gcrmanus, John
Berry, Bas. Cole, Bernard Greynvile, Matthias Stile.

The 'Threni Exoniensium' in 1613 on Lord Petre contained poems by Bevil
Granville, Bernard Granville, Peter Speccott, Paul Speccott, Roger Edgcomb,
Samuel Moyle, George Harris, Ralph Michel, Michael Vivian, Richard Amye,
Alexander Harry, Richard Collier, John Vivian, John Polwhele.

The * Academiae Justa Funebria' of 1619 a poem by Roger Jope M.A.

The 'Epithalamia' of 1625 poems by Prideaux, Robert Dormer baron of Wing,
John Robarts only son of Lord Truro, Daniel Gotzaeus Palat. Exon. Coll. SS.
Theol. Stud., John Hoffmann Germania Archipalatinus e Col. Exon. A.B., Mark
Zigler Archipal. e Coll. Exon. S.T. Stud., William Prideaux Doctoris fil. e Coll.
Exon., William Hodges, Samuel Austin, William Browne M.A.

The ' Musarum Oxoniensium pro Rege suo soteria' 1633 poems by George
Kendal.

^ He founded two lectureships. The Reg. contains the following letter from Sir
John Maynard to the Rector : —

I heretofore received a request from you in the behalf of Exon College which
was since seconded by importunity of my brother. And yet I gave not him any
assurance of what would be done and especially was unwilling to give you a verbal!
awnswere till that I might do it with confidence and certainty of performance.
And of late, having setled a controversy that strooke at the whole estate, desire to
make one of our first works to beginne with your howse. We propose to assure
fourty pounds per annum or neere thereabout on your howse. We hold yt
convenient that the imployment be for a divinity lecture and a lecture for the
oriental languages. Twenty pounds or thereabout for the first, twelve pound or
thereabout for the second, the residue to the increase of some fellowship of the
howse, but not meerly as a fellow but rather to go with some office such as is now
least rewarded and best deserves. We desire to settle these things so as the
exercises may be without faile performed, and merritt and abilityes respected in the
men who shall be preferred, wherein we desire to advise with your selfe and the
fellows. And intreat yon to write your opinion herein as also how long yt is fitt
each lecturer to have his place and what course to take in the preferment of them.
We incline to an election in the same manner as the fellows of the howse are
chosen. When we shal be informed herein we may the more easily resolve what
to doe and how. In which particulars I desire your speedy awnsware if yt stand
with your approbation and likinge. And, sir, you see that, though I have not
performed your request in specie touching the buildings of the howse, that I have
endeavored my best for the more essentiall part of the coUedge, to which I shall
(as I am bound) always acknowledge my selfe a dettor. And thus with the tender
of my service and best respects to your selfe and your wife remaine,

Your lovinge kinsman in all affectionate offices,
London, June 23, 1637. John Maynard.



cviii HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE.

of Hampden and Pym. Eliot matriculated 4 Dec. 1607 age 15. Pym
at Broadgate hall, under Digory Wheare's tuition, 18 May 1599 age
15, and Charles Fitz-Geoflfrey, also of Broadgate hall, speaks highly
of Pym — he afterwards preached the funeral sermon of Pym's mother,
Bibl. Corn. 148. Hampden was at Magdalen 30 Mch 16 10 age 15.

In 1 61 2 the number of members at the College was 206 ; including,
besides the Rector and Fellows, 134 commoners, 37 poor scholars,
and 12 servitors. Exeter then stood fifth in point of numbers:
Christ Church had 240, Magdalen 246, Brasenose 227, Queen's 267.
The number in the whole University was 2920 ^ The payments in
1 619 were £6 7^ to the Rector, £3 35" 6d to each fellow ^

William Noye retained such regard for the care bestowed on him
that when the second Lord Petre tried to nominate to the Petrean
fellowships — though Sir William Petre had limited this right to himself
and his son — and a lawsuit followed in which the College maintained
its right to elect under the Statutes, Noye successfully and gratuitously
supported the case of the College in the Court of Common Pleas.
There is a portrait of him in the Hall. Edward Hyde, the famous
Lord Clarendon, stood for one of the Sarum fellowships but unsuccess-
fully. In an election to a Sarum fellowship 1631 Thomas son of
Humphry Hyde forged a certificate of birth in the diocese of Win-
chester which imposed on Rector Prideaux, and he expelled ten fellows
who voted for the rival candidate Goddard. On appeal to the Visitor
the forgery was detected, the Fellows restored, and the Rector repri-
manded ^. Another good friend Sir John Acland built the new Hall,
with help from Sir John Peryam and others ; and Peryam built the
rooms which are now the Common-Room staircase. Acland gave
£800 towards the Hall, to which the College added £200: Peryam
gave £560*. The first stone of the new Chapel was laid n ]\Ich

^ Gutch's Collectanea i. 196 : Huber i. 450 gives a different account.

' Reg. 7 Dec. 1642 ' decretum erat ut Rector quadraginta solidos et scholares
singuli, sive presentes sive absentes, viginti solidos annuatim accipiant pro aug-
mentis Rectoriarum Southnewington et Meriton conjunctim, sicut solent pro
Guinear.'

2 Burns' Starcliamber 117, State Papers 1660 p. 91, 219, Athcuac iv. S34,
Colmer's Vindication 1691.

* Gutch iii. no, 112, Prince p. 4, N. and Gleanings ii. 137, Letters from Dr.
Prideaux and Isaiah Farrington to Mayor and Chamber of Exeter, asking them for
contributions, State Papers 163 1 p. 508.



HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE. cix

i62f, and it was consecrated 5 Oct. 1624: Dr. Hakewill, a nephew
of Peryam and related to Sir Thomas Bodley, gave £1200 towards
it '. The first person buried in it was a child of Rector Prideaux,
and there are still several small brasses of the Prideaux family let into
the floor (Hist. Comm. iv. 598). In 1624 a letter of thanks was sent
to R. Sandye alias Napyer for £20 received through Ralph Rudle
towards building a new kitchen. Robert Vilvaine, W. Orford,
W. Helme also each gave £20 to the new library and kitchen:
Ashmole MS. 1730 fol. 148-9 (in fol. i are many names of Western
men).

Many of the Puritans were steady loyalists, and the king had no
firmer supporters than some of those he had most strongly discoun-
tenanced. There were also some royalists of a more pronounced
type. Henry Tozer was at the head of those who stood out against
the Parliamentary Visitors ; he heads the 164 1-2 list. He was dis-
tinguished as Bursar and Subrector. There occurs in Reg. 8 June
1627 an apology made to him by George Mountjoy B.A. on his
bended knees in the new chapel, in the presence of the Rector, Sub-
rector and other Fellows after evening prayers. ' I George Mountioy
doe here ingenuousely confesse and acknowledge before this whole
assembly, that in my late falling out with Mr. Henry Tozer (one of the
fellowes of this House) I behaved myselfe too unscholarly and incivilly ;
trespassing thereby against morality, the good discipline of this
Colledge, and my bounden esteeme of the society thereof, for all
which I am hartily and truely sorrowfuU as well for the fact itselfe
as for the evill of example committed therein. But I disclaime it for
my own act : it was extremity of passion that then transported me
beyond myselfe. Wherefore I humbly crave pardon thereof first
from the Reverend Rector, next of the Society and in particular of
Mr. Tozer : promising withall to performe hereafter not only all
lawful! respect and obedience to each member of the Society (according
to their distinct places and offices) but also to persuade as many as
I doe or shall knowe to be of a contrary mind unto their duty and
conformity in this and every kind that may concerne the quiet, peace
and established discipline of this Colledge. And this submission
I doe make most willingly, hartily and penitently.'



Online LibraryExeter College (University of Oxford)Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents → online text (page 12 of 61)