Exeter College (University of Oxford).

Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents online

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Online LibraryExeter College (University of Oxford)Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents → online text (page 52 of 61)
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and a Roome for plate, was set up at the Colledg charge by
Mr. Will°i Helme when he was Subrector.

1 2 Cock-loft next eastward from the Towre : had the window
added to it in D^ Holland's Tyme ; the Chymny in D^ Prideaux's ;
together with the Stydye towards the Colledg by Mr John Robarts
the Lord Robarts's only sonne ; who there left the Hangings and
Travasse [Traverse] to it to the Rector, at his going from it. In this
Cock-loft the great Standing Bedsted with the old Court- Cubbord,
belong to the Colledg.

' John Hoffman, from the Palatinate, M. i6 July 1625 age 23, wrote in the
Epithalainia of 1625.

^ This Chest is now in the muniment room, which also has ^, locks.


1 3 Middle Chamber next under it : having but one studye formerly
in it, and another added in D^ P.'s Tyme, with the Dore and Stayres
that descend from it to the lower Roome.

1 4 Lower Chamber : in w^b the . . . Waynscote was at the charg
of the Colledg, with the new building the Chymny and altering the

1 5 Larg Grund-Studye within it : with the window altered and
convenient shelves which belong to the House. This Ground-
Chamber and Study, with that above it, and the 2 Studyes in it, were
granted by a Decree of the Society to D^ Prideaux, to belong to his
Lodging for his Tyme of Rectorship only, but not to his Successors
but uppon a new Grant.

3. The next Under-Chamber eastward, belonging to the House,
togither with a dark Woodhouse annexed, were turned into a Bursary
by Dr P., with addition of the 4 windowes in it, newe flooring, and
the Waynscote and Portall in it, with the Doore and Lock about it:
the Table and Chayres in it are the sayd Rector's ; the Formes and
Germane's Hutch in it, with 2 other Coffers, belong to the House.
Then follows a Detail ' of the rest of the Rooms in Rector's Row,
viz : what are in the present Library Court in Staircases marked and
named in the present Register [1792] of Chambers as no. 7, no. 10,
no. 1 1 '^. These three Staircases were new-roofed and otherwise
substantially renewed and repaired in the Time of the Rectorship of
Drs Conybeare and Atwell 1732-3.

Cap. 3. Of the Library List.

The Library at this Time (163 1-2) was the old Chapel of Bishop
Stapleton turned into a Library, and having one Room (some Time
the Bachelors or Junior Common Room), and two small Places,
latterly used, the one for a Barber's Room, and the other a Hole for
Ashes ; by means of which last the Library was burnt on Dec. 2. 1 709.
But being refitted, it was used as the College Library till 1778 ; when
it was taken down. This old Chapel, afterwards a Library, being
much too near to the Buildings of Rector's Row, being within 25 feet
of them, the new Library was built farther off viz. near sixty feet
south from those buildings, by which the windows in that Area, which
were before much obscured by the height of the old Chapel or Library,
and its steep Roof, are now much lighter and more chearfuUy situated,

' Stinton here abridges.

^ These staircases were pulled down when the present Rector's House was built.
They were pojuilarly known as IIcll Quad.


and open to the Air and Sunshine, making a decent oblong quad-
rangular Court, about 60 F. by no. D^ Prideaux remarks that the
Bible-Clerk was allowed a Room under the old Chapel, but on the
Building of D^ Hakewell's Chapel, he had another Room assigned to
him nearer to that new Chapel. The Society have of late allowed
him one of the PIouse-Rooms, of the inferior Class as to Rent, viz.
Kitchen Staircase or no. 3, 2 pair Stairs middle ; or one of the Rooms
no. II at the East End of the Library Court viz. the North East
Corner next the Pump.

Cap. 4. Of Bendey's Nest^

Filling up the space between the West End of the Old Chapel (at
that time turned into a Library) and Periam's Buildings (the Common
Room Staircase) were Timber Buildings, made over the oldest and
original Library, for them see Loggan's Print, where the oldest
Library, and its Superstructure may be seen very distinctly. The
old Library was turned into a Fellow's Chamber with 8 Studyes :
called a Fellow's Right, but probably let to younger members, having
one Room in common, and the Studies or Closets severally. [Thomas]
Bentley was Butler of the College in D^ Holland's Rectorship, and
a native of Plymouth.

Cap. 4. Of Peryam's Mansions.

The 4*^ Parcell of building termed Peryam's Mansioyis in regard of
the Firmenesse and Magnificence of it, in comparison of w^^i Bentley's
wooden Stuffe may be termed a Nest. INI"^ John Peryam, a merchant
of Exeter, gave 560^1 towards the erecting of it, which the Colledg
made up 700^1 to perfect it ^. The Place where it stands was before
a Tennys Court. In digging of the Foundation, 12 Foote deepe in
the Earth was found a Stone mortar full of small Peeces of Silver, of
divers stamps, but about the same value, of 2*^ — whereof some were
distracted by the workemen, and others knew not what to make of
them at first. A Part of them were brought to the Rector, who
changed them for — li, wherewith the Brasen Candlestick w^^i hangeth
in the Hall was purchased. The Arms uppon both sides of this

' Memorandum 1632 Feb. 18 : 40"' yearely to be paid to the House out of the
Fellowes Right that hath the North Chamber in the higher Loft in Bentley's Nest :
and 40SI1 more of him that hath the highest Chamber in Peryam's Mansions North-

^ In 1618. The senior Common Room, being the southern Ground Room of
Peryam's Building, was new-floored with Oak in the long Vacation of 1792, and
a new Window made in that, and the Room over it. New furnished and carpeted


Building are Peryam's, and Prideaux ; his first wife being a Prideaux;
who brought with her the Ground of his Estate. He never saw what
he had done for us ; nor required Account of the money he gave ;
neither conditioned with the Colledg in any sort for the disposing of
the Lodgings, with Reference to himself or any of his. A worthy
Benefactor. God rayse us many such to follow his example.

Here follows a Recital of 8 Chambers. It appears from Loggan's
View that the original Building was a story higher than at present,
and it was redticed probably to match the Armagh Buildings, and the
rest of the Fabrick.

Cap. 5. Of Acland AUeye.

This may be diversed from the rest in Honour of that w-orthy
Knight Sir John Acland of Devon who gave us 800 'i to the erecting
of our new Hall'; to wcli the Coll. added 20oli before it could be
furnished as it is. The Hall before stood in the midst of the Quad-
rangle, having the Kitchen and Buttery^ annexed to it. It was in
latter Tymes augmented with Lofts at the West End over the screen (.''),
but never could conveniently intertayne the Company : Whereupon
Sir John Acland (having formerly bene of this Colledg) uppon the
Persuasion especially of Mr Isaiah Faringdon, Fellow sometyme and
Bacchalaur of Divinitye of this House, was brought to take such an
. . . Worke in Hand ; which he never saw after it was built : and was
so far from reserving any Interest to him or any of his for performing
it, that he gave i6li yearely for a Pension to be payd unto 2 poore
Scholars to be chosen out of Exceter Schoole, which at this Time
fayleth, God knoweth by whose Fault. The Colledg affords them
Roomes (?) in Honour of the Benefactor. In Tyme perchance the
Cittye of Exceter will thinke uppon it to do some Good to Exceter
Colledg, in wct it hath had . . . The Place where this new Ilall
stands was voyd, having in it only an old Worke-house and 2 patched
Studyes to the Buttery-Chambers. The Pillars in ascending the
Stayres are of . . . bestowed uppon us by the Dean and Chapter of
Christ-Church from Oseney.

2. The Buttery adjoyning to the HalP was heretofore a Fellow's

' Built 1618. The Parts West of it 1701-3, and at the same Time the whole
from thence to the great Western Gateway and that Gateway itself 1701-3.

- [30 June 1591 Jo. Eveleghe subroctor : hoc anno extructa est cella in
proniptuario ad perpetuum et summum Collegii benericium scholariumque ulili-
tatem, et reparata est aula atque elevala eiusdem area. ]

^ Dimensions of the lUiildings from the Hall to the Street westward, l-'roni the


3. The great Cellar under the Hall was made when the Hall was
builded. But

4. The little Cellar within was formerly a vacant Place where dark
Woodhouses stood w^'i belonged to the Fellowes, whereof the Larder
within ... is Part,

5. The Kitching also next to it was a Fellowes Chamber wcb had
2 Studyes in it. The former Kitching stood in the midst of the
Colledg very disgracefully, long after the Hall was down. Over it
was a Fellowes Right, as also over the old Buttery, taken away with
the old Hall, wch Rights were recompensed fully in the Colledg by
other new Buildings. Seniors ... of a private Garden paled in and
annexed to the Kitching Chamber, with a Vine in it that took up
a great Part of the Square, so that then the whole Colledg was but
a confused number of blynd Streats.

This old Kitching was removed and the other finished 1632,
Rob* Vilvayne D"" of Physicke of the Cittye of Exeter and I\Ir William
Orford Bacchalour of Divinitye Parson of Clyst-Hydon in Devon
contributing to this Work 20I' a peece, to which the Rector added
for the Tyme that wcli finished it for Use. Under the Kitching is
a fayre Sinke of 12 long and 4 foote broad, to receive the washing
of it and the Larder, as Use shall require. The Pastry within was
a Part of the next Chamber, formerly a Woodhouse.

The Water ^ comes from the Comduit at Carfoxe. It came to the
old Kitching from a Cisterne in the Wall by the Chapel Doore,
which Cisterne at the building of the new Kitching was taken away
as not being of farder Use.

Then follows an Ace* of the Rooms over these, demolished together
with the Kitchen and Buttery under them, as above described by
Dr Prideaux, in order to make Room for the Kitchen and Buttery
substituted in their Room in the Rectorship of D^ W^i Paynter

coin of the Hall westward to Jesns College (i. e. to the Comer facing Jesus
College) containing the Buttery and Kitchen; Length 62 Feet, Breadth 28 Feet,
2 Inches. The Buttery, and Passage from the Kitchen to the Hall ; Breadth
23 F., Breadth of Buttery alone 18 F. (From an original in the handwriting
of D' W°» Pa}-nter, in whose Rectorship that Part of the College was rebuilt


^ The Kitchen at the S.W. Angle of the Coll. was supplied only by a Pump in
the said Kitchen till 1795, when a new Pipe for Water from the Hinxey Conduit
was laid from ab* the north Gate of Lincoln College, in order to supply the
new Culinary Apparatus for which the Pump was not so well suited.


Cap. 6. Of Tower Range.

So denominated, says D'^ Prideaux, from the Tower ' at the End of
it. This was the Range of Building from the South-West Corner
of the great Quadrangle to the West or principal Gateway of the
College towards the Street. This Place was formerly the back-Gate ^,
a poore Thing, and a stinking pissing Place. At the Entrynge in at
the Right Hand before the lower Chamber was a Piece of an old
Wall, and then an i . . . with . . . before the Tower Windowes, full
of Bones Filth and Nettles. All which were taken away at the
Building of the Towre w^h was done by the fore-mentioned
Mr Everard Chambers uppon his own Cost, who had an Interest of
the Colledg in it for certayne (40) yeares, for w^li the Coll. afterwards
compounded with him, as it appears by the Register-Booke.

Other Land.

Some land was sold when the Theatre was built ; Reg. 2 Sep.
1664 consensu Scholarium tunc domi petentium (.'') decretum est ut
major pars cujusdam areae posticae ad hoc collegium pertinentis
a parte orientali sitae pro rationabili fine in usum Universitatis
elocaretur, quo convenientius publici Theatri fundamina ponerentur.

The College perhaps had also a small slip of land projecting to-
wards the Ashmolean; and part of the College was datnaged in 1679
when some houses were being pulled down to make way for the
Ashmolean; Hist. Comm. xii. 7, p. 158, Wood's Life ii. 452. In the
summary at the end of Prideaux's Survey are the words ' 2 Towres
which were formerly in the Rector's backyard and garden, now all de-
molished.' The Eastern of these, south of the centre of the Ashmolean,
would seem from an old map (B) in the Rector's possession to have
been Almond's (p. 313), and perhaps this was sold to the University.
About the site of the other tower there is no doubt, as its site was
clearly visible when the modern buildings were erected.

' Dimensions of Tower Range according to D'' Taynter. From the North side
to the Kitchen is 74 Feet. The widencss of the Chambers with the walls 25 F.
3 Inches; Chambers within the walls (clear) 18 F. 3 Inches.

'■^ Old Western Gateway purchased by the Coll. of M>^ Everard Chambers
who built it, in 1605: the same pulled down and a new one built 1701-3. The
Parapet Wall and Balustrade at the top being decayed, were renewed about 17S7,
both the side Parapets, including 3 cliimneys, and the like Parapets in the two
Fronts without and within above the semicircular Pediments.




The earliest deeds connected with Gwinear are as follow : —
(i) Ralph abbot of S. Maiy de Valle to all &c., 1267 Wednesday
next after the Sunday on which Reminiscere is sung (16 Mch 1267),
We have sent R. de Ponte canon as our proctor ' tarn in Anglia quam
in Cornubia/ to effect an exchange with the prior and convent of
IMerton, canons of St. Augustine, of our property in England and
Cornwall, for what they hold in Normandy viz. at Kaignes in the
diocese of Bayeux [S. Mary de Valle was on the river a little above
Caen, there is a slight account of it in Gallia Christiana ix. 440.
Gosselin de la Pommeraye and Petronilla were benefactors to it or
perhaps founders about 11 25; Dugdale vi. 246, 248; Whitaker's
Cathedral of Cornwall ii. 51 ; Monast. Exon. xv. 33, 38, 41, 65, 188,
Suppl. 5, 7 under 'Tregony']. (2) Brother R, de Ponte to all &c.,
Nemeton 4 Aug. 1267, I resign the priory of Treguny into the hands
of Walter [Bronescomb] bishop of Exeter, the parish church of the
same place, the parish church of Bery, with their rents possessions
advowsons &c., held in England by S. Mary de Valle ; that the said
bishop, with the consent of IMerton priory, may dispose of the same
at his pleasure, only reserving the moveables belonging to the said
abbey; witnesses the religious men Robert prior of Berliz of the
order of S. Augustine in the diocese of Bath and Wells, R. his canon,
Brother Vincent of the order of Preachers, Robert his confrater;
M. John [de Bradlegh] archdeacon of Barnstaple, M. W. de Capella,
M. Thomas de Bocland, INL R. Pace ; dominis W. de Esse, Peter de
Guldeford; presbyters Hugh de Plumpton, R. de Grangeys clerks:
(printed in Monast. Exon. 7, where see the next document). (3) Brother
Gilbert prior of INIerlon to all &c., at IMerton the day of S. Margaret
1267, We have appointed Brother Roger of Norwich our canon, and
dominus Roger de Eyta R. of Shirefeld our seneschal, as our proctors
for the dioceses of Exeter and of Bath and Wells, to exchange &c.,
and assign over to Waller bishop of Exeter &c. (4) Brother Roger



of Norwich canon of IMerton, and Roger de Ayeta R. of Shyresfeld,
proctors of Gilbert prior of IMerton, to all &c., at Nemeton 4 Aug.
1267. Since Ralph abbot of S. Mary de Valle &c. have exchanged
their priory of Treguny and their church of Bery, together with
the advowsons of the churches of Uppotery, Bokerel, Clystwyk,
S. Laurence Exon, Stockleigh Pomeray, Ascumbe, and Aura, with all
&c. in the dioceses of Exeter and of Bath and Wells — for the priory
of Kaygnes belonging to our church of IMerton in the diocese of
Bayeux, with the assent of the Bishops of Exeter and Bayeux ; we
place the * statum ' of the priory of Treguny, and the parish churches
of Treguny and Bery (to which the bishops of Exeter are said to
present), ' alte et basse,' in the hands of the bishop of Exeter ; wit-
nesses M. John archdeacon of Barnstapol, Sir Ralph de Arundel,
Alexander de Okeston ; M. W. de Capella, Thomas de Bocland,
Roger de Dertford, R. Pace, Walter de Lacking, W. de Braddon,
Peter de Guldeford chaplains. (5) Henry de la Pomeray, Lord of
Treguny and of Bery to all, &c., Nemeton 4 Aug. 1267, Since the
Abbot of S. Mary de Valle had these places from the gift of our
ancestors, we consent, &c., witnesses as before. (6) Walter Bishop
of Exeter to all, &c. Crideton, 16 Aug. 1267, we consent to the
exchange, and ordain that the parish church of Bery shall belong
to Merton Priory, and they are to present to the vicarage. As to the
manor of Teygne Canonicorum and the land of Worthy, which
S. Mary de Valle held from the family of de la Pomeray, Henry de
la Pomeray is to have Worthy in compensation for the attendance of
one priest, whom the abbey had to send from among their canons
to attend him continually, and for other services due; and Merton
is to have Teygne in frankalmoigne, but is to admit a fit person
presented by the family of Pomeraye to pray for their souls, &c., and
he is to give them three acres in Bery to store their fruits on, &c.;
and three priests are to be maintained in the Priory of Treguny to
keep up divine service, reserving to ourselves, &c., as to Uppotery,
&c., the usual rights ; witnesses dominis W. deacon and Roger [de
Thoriz] archdeacon of Exeter, M. John archdeacon of Barnstaple,
Thomas de Hereford, J. Fitz Robert, J. of Exeter canons of Exeter;
Robert Prior of Berliz ; Sir Wydo de Novant, Sir Warin de la Stane,
M. J. Wyger, M. W. de Capella, M. Roger de Dcrteforde, I\L W. de
Braddon, M. Peter de Guldeford chaplains; Hugh de Plympton, R. de
Gran5;cis clerks.



Nicholas Bishop of Saium, in the visitation of his diocese 1292,
ascertained these facts : clergy and laity say that M. Robert de
Clifford R. of Earl's Wittcnham ' 60 years since held all the tithe of
the demesnes now held by domini Hugh de Plecy, John de S. Elena,
and Robert de Saunford parishioners of that church ; and so his
immediate successor dominus Drogo de Turbeville, and so for a long
time his successor dominus Almaric de Plecy. But now the Prior of
Longa Villa, through his agent in England, began to take the tithes
under a fiction by the connivance of this last Rector, and so it has
gone on. The Bishop then issued a commission to M. Thomas de
Eadburbiry canon of York and IM. Nicholas de Rudham clerks, at
Remesbiry 17th Nov. 1292. Brother Philip prior de Longa Villa
Giffardi had appointed Odo prior of S. Andrew, Norhampton, his
proctor in England 15 May 1292. Odo on 6 Oct. 1292 named as
his commissary before the bishop John de Appelford. On lo or 17
Dec. 1292 in the parish church of Hungerford the Dean of Abendon
certified that notice had been served on the prior to appear. The
prior's agent appeared and said that he had a special privilegium to
receive the tithe of Wittenham as an exception to the common right,
and asked a further day to produce it, and he was allowed till Tuesday
after Epiphany, and then till Wednesday after Purification. Then he
produced nothing and went away contumaciously, and was allowed
till the next Thursday. He did not appear then and was excom-
municated. The Dean of Abendon announced this from Stakeburn
25 June 1294 to N. de Rudham, but added that the Prior of Longa
Villa was allowed till the first lawday after S. James the Apostle
(the message to the Prior of Longa Villa seems to have been dated
Remesbiry 7 June 1294). As no one appeared in the Church of
St. Nicholas at Abendon on the Monday after S. James, sentence
was given that the prior had no right to the tithe, and that the
present rector William de Braybroke should have it, witnesses dominus
Nicholas V. of St. Nicholas at Abendon, William V. of Boklond,
William V, of Pusie, Reginald de Ocby and John James deacons
(diaconibus), Richard Michel, Richard de Stiventon, William de Sancta
Wteford, Henry Loby clerks. In 20 Edward I the ' taxatio' of the
parish is given as xxv marks, tenth xxxiii.r iiii(3', pensio of the Prior
of Longa Villa cs, tenth ixs: and in the Computus of 1380 we read

' For list of rectors and vicars see ed. i. p. 193.
V 2


' xxiij iid oh ad subsidium domini regis per clerum sibi concessum,
et pro porcione Prions de Longa Villa xj, x</ uni homini qui portavit
dictum subsidium domini regis ad monasterium de IMalmesb. et pro
acquietancia, iiii marcis pro uno libro inpignorato pro utilitate domus
in cista August,' Prior Philip on 6 July 1320 says that consider-
ing the distance and difficulty of collection and the smallness of
his portion of the tithe he gives it up to William de Braibrok the
present Rector of West Wittenham and his successors. The same
day he named William de Benefeld of Cambroun and William
Russel of Melhe (Methe near Torrington belonged to the Giffards),
Rectors of churches in the Diocese of Exeter his agents in the
matter of the Wittenham tithe. Sealed with his seal and that of
Walter Bishop of Exeter, In another deed he grants Walter Bishop
of Exeter the advowson of West Wittenham, witnesses Sir INIartin
de Fishacre, Sir Richard de Stapeldon, John de Ralegh, John de
Caignes, John de la Pomeray ; and in another deed, also dated
6 July 1320, he makes M. John le Knyght clerk and Roger de
Morthoe his attorneys, to give seisin to Bishop Walter. Before
William de Bereford and other Justices of the King's Bench in
Michaelmas term 1 4 Edward II, rotulo xxxix ' Philippus Prior de
Longa Villa GifFardi in Normannia summonitus fuit ad respondendum
Waltero de Stapeldon episcopo Exoniensi de placito quod teneat
convencionem inter eos factam de advocacione ecclesie de West
Wittenham,' &c. ; a fine is levied, and the bishop gives the prior 100
marks (stated in the king's Breve here recited, 28 July 14 Edward II) ;
the prior named John de la Slo and John de Caneford his agents.
On 12 April 1322, at Exeter, the bishop gave the advowson to the
Rector and Scholars of Stapeldon Plall, witnesses Sir Richard de
Merton, Sir Richard de Stapeldon, Sir William Hereward, John
Caignes, John Prodhomme. Pat. Rolls 20 May 15 Edward II
(1322) Pro Rectore et Scolaribus de Stapeldone Halle Oxonie (for
the appropriation of West Wyttenham church). Teste Rege apud
Ebor. On i Feb, I3§^ at Poterne, Roger Bishop of Salisbury
certifies that he found in the Register of his predecessor Nicholas
Lungespeye that the Prior of S. Andrew, Norhamptone, agent of the
Prior of Longa Villa, presented John de Sichcston to the Church of
West Wittenham 21 July 1292 at Chardestok but owing to various
defects his predecessor had not accepted the presentation, but gave
that church to William de Braybrok dCvicon on Saturday after the
Assumption of the Virgin, at Croel,


The following deeds show the enquiries made as to the presentation :
(i) The Official of the Archdeaconry of Berks to Robert Bishop
of Sarum, Abyndon, 6 April 1361, I have received your letter dated
Poterne 19 Mch 136^, stating that the Rector and Scholars of
Stapeldon Hall have presented John Bremdon presbiter to the
vicarage of Wittenham, and ordering full enquiries to be made. The
vacancy is caused by John Folyot the late vicar holding the parish
church of Slyndefold (Slinfold in Sussex) in the Diocese of Chichester.
The vicarage is worth £10 a year. John Brindon is over 26, liber
et legitimus, &c. The Rector and Scholars presented John Folyot.
(2) Hugh Rector of Rugwyk to Robert Bishop of Chichester,
Sullyngton, 22 April 1361, I received your mandate dated Aldyng-
bene, 21 Dec. 1359, stating that you conferred Slyndefold, vacant by
resignation of the late Rector Reginald, on John Foliot, and ordering
me to induct him; I therefore inducted Foliot 24 Dec. 1360 in
presence of Godfrey sacrist of the said church, Gilbert Atte Hallond,
&c. (3) Robert Bishop of Sarum to John Bremdon, Maidenbrade-
leigh, 9 April 1361, We admit you to the Vicarage of West Wittenham
this day. (4) Robert Bishop of Sarum to all, &c., recites the presenta-
tion by the Rector and Scholars 'in our College Oxon' 7 IMch 136^,
and the letter of the Archdeacon's Official, and a letter from the
Bishop of Chichester, and that of Hugh R. of Rugwyk, and a certificate

Online LibraryExeter College (University of Oxford)Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents → online text (page 52 of 61)