Exeter College (University of Oxford).

Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents online

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Online LibraryExeter College (University of Oxford)Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents → online text (page 54 of 61)
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Byshopp of Landaflfe, and so he no Abot at that tyme, for if an
Abot be made a Byshop the abby becomes void unlesse he have
a Comendam and Retinere, which must be
lookt into. If it be otherwise, then the first
lease was void in creation of yt, and then per-
chance the 2'1 lease will comence presently and
then is now expired.
But this is but conjecture, because I know not whether there were
a Comendam or no. You write that there is one lease inrolled,
I pray send me a copy of yt and then I shall have more tyme to
advise upon it, which now is no longer then the small space that
I am in writing, and what I have out of Sir Edward's lease is but
cursory, without the use of a penne but only my memory. My father
remembers his service and love to you. As for my selfe I shall be
very glad if I may expresse my selfe as I am

Your loving kinseman and
London 4th of Dec. 1629. John IMaynard.

Poster. I shal be able to give my selfe much more satisfaction if
the coppy of that inrolled lease you write of were in my hands for an
hower, and shall accordingly be able to give you further and more
certaine satisfaction also. But for the inrolling or not inroUing of
a lease, that makes no difference (as you write) for the inrolment is
not a necessity of the conveyance, but security of the purchaser.

(outside) To the Right Worahipfull John Prideaux doctor of divinity
Rector of Exon. Coll.

* Indenture 20 May 1635 between Rector Prideaux and Sir Edward Harrington :
lease of rectory or parsonage of Merton for ^120 down, for 10 years from the feast
of the Annunciation last past, paying yearly rent of 335 41/, one quarter of wheat,
two quarters of malt. The Harringtons renewed the lease till beyond the middle
of the 18th ceiitury.


Dr. Paynter in 1695 wrote to White Kennett, remonstrating on
a passage reflecting on Exeter College in his ' Parochial Antiquities '
p. 671 ; the following is an extract, 'You mention Long Wittenham
as Sir William Petre's gift to Exeter College, but that appropriation
belonged to it long before his time ; neither did he give advowsons of
Yarnton and Cudlington : there being no presentation institution or
induction to the latter ; and the former is in the gift of the Spencers,
though we conceive the College wronged as to that matter' [but
J. Patteson in 1820 gave an opinion against the College, thinking the
V. of Yarnton was in gross, while that of Merton was appendant to
the Rectory, see Reg. p. 333, 336]. 'Again you say, that none of
late years have been presented to Merton, I believe you have given
the true reason, viz, the poverty of the Vicarage. The College never
refused any, willing to accept a presentation. In the mean time the
College hath taken care of the place and added to the maintenance
of the curate. The case is common to other Colleges as well as
Exeter College ; and the appropriation of the donor's will is now
applied to other uses, which must be answered before better care can
be taken to provide more largely for such cures. We have much
exceeded the dues of the Vicarage in our allowance, I might add also
the ability of the College.' White Kennett answers 13 July 1700
' I assure you that these reflexions were meant purely on the abuse of
the thing and not upon your Body as authors or instruments of it,
I am heartily sorry that I should be thought to cast any rash and
unjust censure on so worthy a Society.' Subsequently the College
gave considerable sums (Reg. 13 Ap. and 24 May 1796): £100 on
19 June 181 7 to repair the Vicarage, £560 in 1827 for the same
object; and in 1840 £1500 to augment the living (to meet £200
from Queen Anne's Bounty), with further temporary allowance to the
Vicar and other smaller donations; and paid besides £157 I'js lod
for extra work and the architect's fees; and in 1829 £30 was given
towards a school; Reg. 19 Sep. 1730, ' M. Question electus ad curam
ecclesiae de Meryton in annum sequentem, hac conditione, quod si
oflicio suo hac in parte intra annum ccdat, alius per Rectorem et
Socios eligatur; ' third Register p. 31 a. 1744, and 5 Oct. 1745.

Some of the parishioners of Merton were married in the College
chapel, during the years 1741-50 (similar cases occur from Kidlington
1747-54; see Hist, of Kidlington 194).

1 74 1 Sep. 5 W" Smallbroke and Elizabeth Coles both of this
Parish were married by Mr Hole in Exeter College Chappel.


1741 Oct. 4 William Powel and Ann Lipscombe both of this
parish were married by INIr Webber.

Nov. 20 1742 Thomas Gurden of this parish & Anne Patchet of
Fencot in y® Parish of Charlton were married by Mr Bray in Exeter
College Chappel.

Dec"^ 27*1^ 1743 Job Brown & May Wil . . . [torn edge] were
married by Mr Fortescue in Exeter College Chapel.

April 21 1746 John Crips of Charlton & Catharine Coles of this
parish were married by Mr Upton in Exeter College chappel.

Feb. 28 1746-7 Thomas Motley & Sarah Coles both of this
parish were married in Exeter College Chappel by Mr Bray.

1747 Decem^ 21st James Payne and Mary Young both of this


Parish were married in Exeter College Chapel by Mr Ram s ay [so
corrected in reg.].

1748 June 29*11 Justinian Morse and Mary Bull both of this Parish
were married in Exeter College Chappel by INIr Kennicott with

1748 Sepr 27*11 John Hattwell & Elizabeth Fr . . . [torn edge]
both of this parish were married . . . Exeter College Chappel by
Mr Kennicott.

OC 3d Edward Hewlett & Mary Hall both of this parish were
married in Exeter College Chappel by Mr Upton.

Nov^ 7th Thomas Cooper & Ann Lipscombe both of this parish
were married in Exeter College Chappel by Mr Upton.

1750 Octob: i^t Jno Elford & Mary Preston both of this Parish
were married in Exeter College Chapel by Mr Kennicott.

South Newington.

Reg. 13 June 1738, Peter du Bois M.A., Master of the school at
New Woodstock, was el. V. of South Newington, Oxon, on a strong
recommendation from the parishioners (Reg. 30 Sep. 1741 his widow) ;
Andrew Wood the next Vicar, was instit. 3 and inducted 6 Aug.
1743 to R. of Headley in Surrey; James Williams, Fellow of Jesus,
presented to succeed him 18 Oct. 1743, d. 11 Nov. 1802. For a list
of the Vicars see ' History of Great Tew and South Newington ' in
the Transactions of the North Oxfordshire Archaeological Society
1875, printed 1877 by the University Printers. No Fellow took the
living till John Cole 2 Ap. 1803. On 17 Oct. i74i£ioor£i2 was
voted for measuring our manor of Litde Tew, and having a map



made ; this Survey of Little Tew, copied from an older map, gives
the strips of each owner in the commonfields in the way described
by Mr. Seebohm at Hitchin, and in the maps printed by Mr. INIowat,
Oxford 1888; 28 June 1742,'constitutus est M, Ibbetsonbursarius hujus
Collegii qui, una cum seneschallo. Curiam Baron, intra manerium de
Parva Tue teneat, nomine Rectoris et Scholarium, in qua Curia Eliz.
Judge (quondam Ingram) sursum redditura est in manus dominorum
manerii omne jus et titulum de et in uno messuagio virtute Rotulorum
istius Curiae copiae'; i Oct. 1742 WiUiam Lord a tenant is appointed
'Viridarius' of the manor; 8 Jan. 1787 a gamekeeper. On the en-
closure of the common at Little Tew, see 19 Nov. 1787, 14 Jan.
1788; an act was passed 1793 (Reg. 13 Mch 1793, 21 Ap. and
8 Oct. 1794); a manor court was held at Little Tew 17 May 1809,
13 June 18 15, 19 June 182 1, &c., the courts being held every three
years. By the aAvard under the Enclosure Act of 1794 the V. received
land worth £10 a year, and the College was to pay him yearly £40.
He now receives £78 from Queen Anne's Bounty, the Vicarage land
of 13a. ir. 3op. brings in £60 a year, and the Home field £10 — the
total from all sources is over £200. Originally, by old custom, the
tenant of the Rectory had to pay the parish clerk ds 8d, and to the
parishioners yearly 12 bushels of mauslin corn or rye. On 27 IVIay

1 81 7 the College gave £200 and the materials of the rectorial house
towards building a vicarage at South Newington, and on 29 June

1818 another £100 was given, and £40 a year added to the Vicar's
stipend. For the lease of the estate allotted in lieu of tithes see Reg.
1819, p. 329; on 18 Dec. 1823 the Vicarage was augmented through
an advance made by Mr. Hony, which the College repaid. In 1826
the College gave £1000 to augment the Vicarage, see Reg. 17 Nov.
1848. See Peshall Append, p. 16, Bodleian Charters p. 307.



The Computi date from 1324. The first account is for a whole
year, and probably implies 1 2 scholars and one vacancy ^ The
Academic year began on the morrow of S. Dionysius, i. e. October 10,
but the Long Vacation usually extended from July 7 to October 18.
Only II computi exist previously to 1354, 2 for complete years,
9 for single terms, and some are in a fragmentary state, so that
sometimes the items slightly disagree with the total. Were the 17
years' computi 1337-54 destroyed in the riot of S. Scholastica's day
1355? Or is the Black Death responsible for this, and for 6 years
and a term being missing between winter 1365 and summer 1372?
The worst plague years were 1349, 1362, 1369-71, 1376. From the
third outbreak Oxford suffered severely, and a similar cause may
account for the year missing 1376-7 ^. Besides the terminal accounts,
there was a final account for the whole year.

It is worth while inserting here, since it throws light on the rental

^ The Latin of these and several other computi is printed in ed. i. p. 170.

" The missing terms are, for the latter half of the fourteenth century, winter
1355 — summer 1356, summer 1357, summer and autumn 1360, winter 1362, winter
1364 — summer 1365, Lent 1366 — Lent 1372, winter 1372 — winter 1373, autumn
1374, winter 1376 — autumn 1377, winter 1381 — autumn 13S2, Lent and summer
1383, winter 1383 — summer 1384, winter 1384 — autumn 13S5, summer and autumn
1386, winter 1387 — Lent 1388, Lent 1389, Lent 1390, winter 1394 — winter 1395,
summer and autumn 1396, winter 1398 — summer 1399, these dates being in all
cases inclusive. From the winter of 1354 to the winter of 1399 therefore the
computi of 107 terms are extant (besides the Library Computus of 13S3) and 74
terms are missing. For the fifteenth century rather more than 70 terms are
missing out of 400.

Arabic numerals begin to be used about 1374 (? the earliest date known, except
two mentioned by Hunter, ' Archceol. Journal' vii. 84), and are often employed
for purposes of distinction as in the computus of 1432 ; English words, such as
'strainer,' appear about 1365 ; see Rogers iv. 597, note in Hearne i. 370.

Z 2


of the Halls, an account of the Inquiry at Oxford before Richard le
Wayte, the King's Escheator\ June 4, 1326; and the verdict of the
jury that it will not be to the prejudice of the King to allow Walter
bishop of Exeter to assign 5 messuages to the Rector and Scholars of
Stapeldon Hall.

Copia inquisicionis capta Oxon' coram Escaetore domini Regis
super ad quod dampnum impetratum per Episcopum Excestr', pro
tenementis collegio suo in villa Oxon' appropriandis.

Inquisicio capta apud Oxon' coram Ricardo le Wayte, Escaetore
domini Regis in comitatibus Suth', Wiltes', Berk', Bed', et Buk', iiii^o
die lunii A" regni Regis E. L Regis E. xixo per breue domini Regis huic
inquisicioni consutum, per sacramentum lohannis de Gunwardeby,
Henrici Ethrope, Willelmi de Wattele, Petri de E., Thome le irmonger,
Galfridi de Shipton', Thome de Curtlyngton', Ricardi de Ethrope,
Thome le maschen, Willelmi de Diere, Nicholai de Glatton', et
Willelmi le Fourbour, qui dicunt super sacramentum suum quod
non est ad dampnum nee preiudicium domini Regis nee aliorum si
dominus Rex concesserit venerabili patri Waltero Episcopo quod possit
assignare Rectori et Scolaribus domus de Stapuldon' v messuagia cum
pert, in Oxon'. Dicunt eciam quod messuagium quod vocatur Scot-
hall' reddet per ann. Pr. et Con. S. F. Oxon' et successoribus suis
vs v'ld. Item dicunt quod messuagium vocatum le Ledeneporche
reddet per ann. Eccl. S. Michaelis \\d. Item dicunt quod predicta
messuagia valeant per ann. secundum verum valorem cj. Item dicunt
quod messuagium vocatum Bataylhall' reddet per ann. heredi de
Stokeweir \d. In cuius rei, &c.

A later memorandum adds, Postea compertum est quod tenementa
quondam Thome Bedford, Laurencii Wyth, et area vocata Wistle
dimissa sunt Collegio de Excestrehall' per Philippum Littylmore,
nichil inde reddendo, i.e. S. Frideswide's had given up the rent of
5J 6d.

Computus Rectoris, 13 Oct. 1324 — 19 Oct. 1325.

Final account of Master Stephen de Pippecote, Rector of Stapeldon-
halle, Oxford, given in to the Scholars of the House of Stapeldonhalle,
from Saturday before the feast of S. Luke the Evangelist 1324 to
Saturday after the feast of S. Luke, and he thus renders an account
for 53 weeks.

' Cartulary of S. Frideswide (O. II. Hoc), no. 648.



Receipts. C s d

Arrears from his account of last year . . . . 20 6 2J

Rent of Hart Hall 60

,, Ledeneporche ...... 33

(3J allowed out of 36J to the Principal, the
Hall not being full)

„ Bateylhalle 20

(less than the full rent owing to the lack of
„ Arturhalle (mostly unoccupied) ... 182

From the Bishop, through dominus Gilbert de Keldis-

hille (22 15 6J)

„ .... 18 (10)

„ „ . . . . 20 (X)



Commons for 53 weeks in 4 terms ....

Payment for Fragon Hall ......

(5 marks still due to widow of William de Tauton
who sold us the Hall)

(? on repairs there) .......

On the Chapel and its tenements .....

On kitchen and stable of Ledeneporche, and repairs of
all the out halls viz. Harthall, Arturhall, Scyldhall,

For timber (much still in store)

For slates *, lime &c. (dearer in winter than summer) .

Annual payments to Scholars


He therefore owes the House £7 o 14!. Memorandum that 15^ 7^1/
of the annual payments were not allowed by the community, though
paid by the Rector to dominus John de Nymeton chaplain, until the
Bishop shall allow them.

Computus Rectoris, 21 Dec. 1325 — 22 Mch 1326.

Account of Master John de Sovenayssh, Rector of the Scholars of
Stapeldonhall, from Saturday the feast of S. Thomas the Apostle 1325
to Saturday after the feast of S. Cutbert in the same year.






























* Slates cost from i,d to "^d a hundred and were used, instead of thatch, as
a security against fire (^Aula Tegulata) ; 1500 cost \Qs autumn 1420 ; Wood's City
i. 92, 189, 192, Peshall 172, Diet. Pol. Econ. i. 64.



Arrears from his account, of last term ....
From the Bishop, througli Richard Pyn, lo marks .
From the Dean and Chapter (for Gwinear tithe)
17 marks, through Walter de Blaceheworthy bailiff of
Bampton. The acquittance for £20 and 13 marks in-
cludes previous payments through Masters Richard de
Bynescote and Walter de Lappeilod.

Rent of Herthall

Ledeneporch ......

Scothall (not received) ....

Bataylhall (not received) ....

Schildhall (not received) ....

Arturhall (mostly unoccupied)






34 3 102


Commons . .

Expenses on Stapeldonhall
„ Ledeneporch

Schildhall .
,, Scothall

„ Bataylhall .

He therefore owes the House (C25 19 iiJ















3 "

Computus Rectoris, 22 Mch — 12 July 1326.

Account of Master John Sovenassh, Rector of the Scholars of
Stapeldonhall, from Saturday after the feast of S. Cuthbert the bishop
1325 to Saturday after the feast of Translation of S. Thomas the
Martyr 1326.

Receipts. {. s d

Arrears from his account of last term . . . . 25 19 11 ^
From the bailiff of Bampton 1 3 marks to complete the pay-
ment of yC20 from the Dean and Chapter of Exeter . S 13 4
From the Bishop, through Jo/!ii7iits Gilbert dc KolshuU

10 marks
Rent of Harthall
„ Ledeneporch




43 6


Expenses. C s d

Commons ......

In payment of Rents .....

On Stapeldonhall ......

Materials for a new building remaining in store

On Herthall

On Bataylhall

On Ledeneporch, Arturhall, and Scothall .

On buying books ...,,.


5 6

25 i|

6 ii|

7 "i
II 8^


Total 16 17 III

He therefore owes the House ^26 8 3|, and asks for M to be allowed
for two studies in Schildhall not occupiable in the summer term, and
6d for a study in Scothall not occupiable in the winter term, and 6d for
a study in Ledeneporch not occupiable in Lent term, and i2d for a ruinous
chamber in Bataylhall not occupiable in the summer term : total 2s M.
If these are allowed, he owes (C26 5 7;^.

Computus Rectoris, 20 Dec. 1326 — 11 Ap. 1327.

Account of Master John de Kelly, Rector of the Scholars of
Stapeldonhalle, for the second term of 1326, from Saturday the Eve
of S. Thomas the Apostle to Saturday after the feast of S. Ambrose.

Receipts. C s d

Arrears from his account of last term . . . . 15 ^7 '^

Rent of Ledeneporche ....... 5 ^

„ Bataylhalle 14 4

» „ (again) 8

Syldhalle 8

,, Arthurhall, for Lent, as it was not occupied in

the winter term ...... 1° 3|

,, Ledeneporche ....... 7

Borrowed from Chest of M. Ralph Germeyn * for Com-
mons, &c 36

Total 20 6 •jh

Expenses. £ s d

Commons . . . . . . . . . S411

Repairs of the Houses, and 6s paid the agent of the Abbess
of Godistonwe out of the rent due for Michaelmas term
for 2 chambers opposite the Chapel . . . . 32 7?

Total 9 17 6|

He therefore owes the House iCio 9 i^^.

^ instit. to Upton Pyne 3 Sep. 1283, collated to 8. Ervan 13 Mch 128*, preb.
of Crediton 16 Jan. 128^, archdeacon of Barnstaple till promoted to the Precentor-













Library Building Account, Easter to Michaelmas, 1383.

Account of Master William Slade, Rector of the College of
Stapeldonhall, for the building of a Library.

Arrears from last autumn term .....

Gift from Thomas Bryntyngham, bishop of Exeter .

„ Master John More, rector of S. Petrock, Exeter


Expenses. £ s d
The carpenter for timber and his labour 14I- marks, his

expenses gd, gloves 6d 9 14 7

William the mason for stone from TejTiton • 1 2 marks 7^ 87

a mason .......... 2

expenses on masons ........ 26

stone bought at Watle 4 12 io|

expenses on Robert of Watle, from whom he bought the

stone .......... 12

carriage of stone from Watle 25 6

timber for scaffolding and carrying it ... . 98

crates and carrying them 3 7

a labourer ......... 8

a mason who was twice at Watle on business of the House 8

2 carpenters for i day 1 2

a cord .......... 2

vessels for carrying cement ...... 9

nails .......... 3

cheese for labourers ........ 2

withies for the scaffolding i

Expenses of the Rector thrice at Watle .... 7

carriage of stone from Teynton 7 o 10

a mason at Watle for a week 3^, another for 3^ days 2id,
another for 4 days 2s, another for 2| days i^d, another
for a week at Watle and here y 30?, another here for a

week 35 ........ . 143

ship of Exeter 28 Mch 1308 in succession to Stapeldon, d. 3 Dec. 1316. A com-
mission occurs, in Stapeldon's Reg. 7 Feb. 131^ to Ralph Germeyn precentor of
Exeter and John de Stok, R. of S. Melan. See Bronescombe's Reg. p. 347 for
Lawhitton ; Oliver's Bishops ^o, Eccl. Ant. ii. 209, Hearne ii. 161, R. I. C. 1879
p. 246, Stapeldon's Reg. 164, 188, 210. He founded a Chest of )Cio for making
loans to poor scholars. See pp. xxxv, 45.

' Taynton, near Burford, Oxon; Rogers i. 258, iv. 700 carriage of stone from
Teynton to Burford 3 miles, from Burford to Oxford 22.) miles, id 0. load per mile.
Whatlcy is near Frome, Aldermaston is in Berks 8 miles E. of Newbury. Bricks
only became common towards the end of the 15th century, iv. 434.


i s d

First week after Easter ; a mason's work 3^ A,d, 2 others
ds, their servant 18^/; David's commons 5a?, and his
labour 8c/' . . . . . . . . . ii 11

Second; masons 9^ ^d, their servant \%d, David's com-
mons and labour 13 j(/ ...... II ii|

Third ; masons 9^ 4^, their servant i Zd, David's commons

and labour \o\d ........ 11 Sg

Fourth ; masons 9^ 4^, David's commons and labour I o|cf 10 2|

Fifth ; 2 masons ds /i^d, another 4I days 2s ^d David's

commons 6d ....... . 9 ^

Sixth ; masons y ^d, David's commons ^^d ... 3 9j

Seventh ; masons 2od, David's commons 6d . . . 22

Eighth; masons 2j loa', David's commons 6c/ . . . 3 4

Ninth ; masons 35 ^d, David's commons ^^d ... 3 9j

Tenth ; masons 3^ 4c/, David's commons ^\d, a mason for

one day dd ........ . 43?

week before Michaelmas ; masons y /[d . . . . 3 4

next week ; 2 masons for one day 1 2d, dinner to masons

on the last day 8|c/, breakfasts {t?terendae) of masons,

and dinner and drink to those who carried stone, crates,

and timber 11^ .

Expenses of the Rector and one fellow riding to Alder-

meston for timber 17c/, and for a horse hired 6d . . i 11

Plumber for lead, and for covering the Library /[13 13 4,

expenses on the plumber 22\d . . . . . 13 15 2^

lime for the Library ....... 345

red earth ......... 26

vioodiioT \.he\ta.A (lignis ad ligjta}idia?i phcmbum) . . 12

expenses on the plumber for a week .... 3 lOj

iron fastenings {/ermentis) . . . . . . 45 i

nails . . . . . . . . . . 3ii|

a mason for two days ....... 12

tay . . 4

labour in repairing and whitewashing the Library . . 6

breakfast {j?ierenda) for the whitewashers .... 7

mending a sieve (cribrnni) ...... i

drink of the smiths {fabri) ...... 4

Total 57 13 5^

The House therefore owes him 47^ gd.

Account of John Prideaux, Rector, from the morrow of All Saints

1638 to the same day 1639.

Receipts. t s d

In the chest, from last year, and from the legacy of Andrew

Scutt 232 8 4

* David was the foreman, there was no architect: so at Wadham in 1610,
Clark's Colleges of Oxford 391.



C s d

a year's rent from our rectory of Guyniar, to last Michael
mas .........

from our rectory of Long Wittenham

three quarters of the corntithe of our rectory of Minhinnet

from our rectory of South Newington

from our rectory of Kidlington

from our rectory of Yarnton ....

from our rectory of Meriton ....

from our close of Chasehill [in Hanborrowe] .

yearly payment from our manor of Thrupp

from our Vicarage of Kidlington

rent of our manor of Little Tew, to Michaelmas

rent of 2 mills in Kidlington .

rent of our tenement in Bampton

rent of our tenement in Montacute .

rent of our tenement in Catstreet

rent of our tenement in S. Martin's parish

for Hart Hall

from our tenement of Leddenhall

for 2 gardens, now demolished, between the North part of

the College and the City walls
for a tenement in S. Mary Magdalene
our tenement in Garsington
our tenement in Tingtenhull .
a cottage there ....
tenement of Clifton-ferry
tenement at Bensington .
for the Tower near the Chapel
pro agello propter Collegium .
our tenement in South Newington .
our publichouse in S. Giles'
for house of John Robinson (from Liike Eaton)
our tenements in the town ditch
three cubicles of the Rector (belong to the Rector)
lower cubicle near the front gate (belongs to the Rector)
cubicle attiguo ad orientem (the Bursary)
cubicles and studies {imisaeis) prox. ad orient. (Le Barne

Chambers) .....
lower cubicle in same place
middle cubicle under the new Library
last cubicle in same place
first study at top of upper cockloft {codei) in Bcntley'i

Buildings .....
second study .....
fifth cubicle, with three studies
si.xth study .....
seventh study .....
eighth study .....
ninth study ...






















I 13

I 13 4
























I 6 8



17 6
17 6




tenth study .....
eleventh stu ly ....

twelfth study .....
study A. in place of the old Library

Online LibraryExeter College (University of Oxford)Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents → online text (page 54 of 61)