Exeter College (University of Oxford).

Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents online

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Online LibraryExeter College (University of Oxford)Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents → online text (page 7 of 61)
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James Hamlin, canon of Exeter, and Richard Mounceaux, canon of Exeter, gave
the College £60 for the expenses of the appropriation.

- I have printed a letter of Grandisson's about his own University career in
Oxford Magazine 1892 xi. 122.

•' Extract from Lacy's Register, vol. ii, folio 57, among the College muniments;
summer 1391 '■ xs pro pensione unius alte scole a magistro Edmundo Lacy';
summer 1458 'xiia' pro vectura unius cape pro capella, ac unius voluminis in



liv HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE.

church, &c., Edmund bishop of Exeter patron and immediate ordinary
of Stapyldon halle &c. Our predecessor Edmund Stafford gave the
said College books for divine service in its Chapel and a chalice, and
books for the library, and built a chamber 24 feet long under the
Library (which had been lengthened, heightened and covered with
lead), and rebuilt the porch of the chapel and covered it with lead, and
built a new small chamber under the porch, and half covered the Hall
and built the new west gate, all which cost him over 200 marks
in money, not including the books, and his executors have also been
liberal to the College ^ Wherefore, after consultation with M. William
Palmer, Rector of the College, and with the Fellows through M.
William Fylham, S. T. P., authorised by the Rector and Fellows under
their seal to act for them, at our manor of Chudelegh 2 June 1430 we
have ordained as follows. The present Rector and Fellows, and any
of their successors who are in priest's orders, and the chaplain are,
when they celebrate, to say the collect or prayer which is usually said
for bishops departed this life, on behalf of Edmund Stafford ; and all
Fellows both now and hereafter who are even in the lesser orders are
to commemorate him in their prayers among other benefactors : and
yearly on the morrow of S. Luke they are to keep his obit with
Placebo and Dirige in the preceding night and mass on the morrow
and he who performs the exequies and mass is to have six pence and
the other Fellows present are to have four pence. And the rent of the
two chambers mentioned above is to go to the repairs of the College
Buildings. And this ordinance is to be kept like one of the statutes.
The letters of authorisation to M. William Fylham are as follows'
[space is left in the Register for the copy, but it is not inserted].

The Fellows also sometimes submitted Dubia to the Visitor as
to the interpretation of the statutes, and these interpretations arc
preserved in some copies of the statutes. Besides regular commis-

Libraria cathcnaiitU nobis transmissorum ab cxecutoribiis vcnerabilis ]iatris ac
domiiii, domiiii Edmundi Lacy miper Exon. cpiscopi ; pro ijiiodam aiiulu fence
de novo facto ad ponenduni in fine cathene dicti libri iJ.'

' Winter 141 9 ' iiii(/ uni preconisanti obitum domini Ediniindi Stafford episcopi
Exon el fundatoris nostri ' ; Lent 1422 'xxr/ cursori Devoniensi i)io eariagio iiii
lihrorurn nobis assignatorum per cxecutorcs domini Edmundi dc Slallord cpisco]ii
Exon ' ; autumn 1431 ' xii^ pro nova camera sub Libraria ad solvendum pro obitu
Slafforde ' ; winter 1431 ' iiiij- x(/ sociis prescntibus in oxecjuiis et niissa Stafloid ' ;
winter 1442 ' lit/ M. Johauni Code pro missa Stafford.'



HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE. Iv

sions to inquire into the state of the College, the Visitor interfered to
see that their revenue reached them regularly, to increase the amount
paid for commons in a time of dearth, and to help them to pay debts
incurred under such circumstances, to protect them from oppression
by the Chancellor, to restore a fellow who had been expelled, to
remove an imbecile Rector, and to make that office tenable for life
instead of annual.

It is worth while showing in some detail how the Visitors dealt with
the College. The Latin of the following documents is given in ed. i.
p. xliv, 233, 270.

Dispensation 20 Jtine 1370.

Thomas (Brantingham) bishop of Exeter, to the scholars of our
College at Oxford, commonly called Stapildon Hall. Since the famine
has so burdened you with debt that you cannot be supported by your
commons without some help, we allow you to take each 10^ from the
common chest to pay these debts, notwithstanding anything to the
contrary in your Statutes or Customs. But you are not to do this
again without our special license. At London.

Dispensation 13 Nov. 1370.

The Rector and Scholars of Exeter Hall in Oxford were allowed
by the bishop (Brantingham) to take each 4^ extra from the common
chest weekly for forty weeks from the Saturday after IMartinmas in the
year 1370.

Commission for a Visitation 26 Oct. 137 1.

Thomas (Brantingham) bishop of Exeter to our beloved IMasters in
Arts, Henry Whytefeld D.D. archdeacon of Barum, and Thomas Cary.
We have been informed that IMaster William Franke, senior fellow of
our College of Stapildon Hall, unjustly hinders his brother fellows in
the election of a Rector. We therefore authorise you to visit the
College and make them elect a Rector, and punish any who resist, and
any offences of the fellows. At Esthorslegh.

Information for the seizure of William Frannk, an excommunicated
person, 2"] fan. 137^.

To King Edward &c., we inform you that we have excommunicated
William Frannk who pretends to be guardian of Stapildon Hall, but that



Ivi HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE.

he has despised our sentence for forty days and more. We therefore
ask you to use the secular arm against him. At Far(ingdon ?).

Petition of the Scholars of Stapeldon Hall as to the Visitation,
i8 Sep. 1372.

To the bishop (Brantingham) his devoted John Dagenet Rector of
the Scholars and of your College called Stapeldon Hall, John Dode-
more, Robert Lydeford, Richard Roulond, Richard Pestor, John
Hennok, John Henry, John Coly, Martin Archedekne, Laurence
Stephen, Thomas Worthe, Richard Broun, Thomas Fille, John
Skylling, Scholars of the College. As regards your commission to the
reverend Masters Henry Whytefeld, Thomas Stowe, and Thomas
Cary for visiting the College, delivered to them by the Rector, the
said Thomas Stowe dechnes to act, and as the commission was directed
to the three jointly and not severally, the other two cannot act ; we
therefore petition you to appoint three persons to carry out your com-
mission, as also to charge the Dean and Chapter to pay us the
money due from S. Wynnery in Cornwall ^

Commission for inquiring, correcting, and reforming, in Stapeldon Hall,

3 Oct. 1372.

Thomas (Brantingham) bishop of Exeter to Nicolas de Braybrok
and John Seys canons of Exeter. We commission you jointly and
severally to visit our college or house of Stapildon Hall, and carefully
inspect their accounts as to the management of the goods of the
college, and entrust you with all our canonical powers of coercion.
At Clyst.

Letter of excuse from the Chancellor of Oxford, '>, June 1373.
To Thomas (Brantingham) bishop of Exeter the Chancellor of the
University of Oxford and the other Masters unanimously. To coun-
teract the malice of some ambitious persons we inform you that as by

^ Computus of summer 1374 ';^ii \'^s d^d from the fruits of S. Wyncry in
Cornwall, viz. ^5 through M. Martin Lideford, and 10 marks through M. Nicolas
IJraybroke ; 10 marks from llic bishop of Exeter our founder, S marks borrowed
from Winchester Chest on pawn of a Liber Scxtus.' IJray broke occurs again
Lent 1 38 1 ' 55 A,\d for the breakfast of one who brouglit us books given by
M. Nicolas Braybrok'; and sec W'ilkins' Com ilia njo. I Ic was archdeacon of
Cornwall 1377-S1.



HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE. Ivi!

the Statutes of your college of Stapildon the Chancellor confirms the
election of a Rector and in case of an equality of votes selects one of
the two candidates, the commissary of the Chancellor finding that
some had procured a commission from you, on pretence of which
they tried to appoint an unfit Rector, forbad this being done, not
with any intention of detracting from your jurisdiction. Nor do we
wish to make your scholars hateful to you, whom we believe to be free
from offence.

Certificate from the College of Stapeldon Hall, 30 Oct. 1373.
To Thomas (Brantingham) bishop of Exeter his devoted sons
Robert Lideford, Rector, and Richard Roulond, John Dedimor chap-
lain, Thomas Worth, John Henry, John Coly, Richard Broun, John
More, Martin Lerchedekne, Laurence Stevyn, Reginald Povy, and
William Blade, Fellows. We have received your mandate to the
following purport — Thomas bishop of Exeter to the Rector and
Scholars of Stapeldon Hall ; Whereas Henry Beaumond, clerk, of our
diocese, whose character is certified to us by letters patent of William
Rymyngton D.D., Chancellor of the University, has been unjusdy
deprived of his state and degree in the College, on your submission as
contained in an instrument witnessed by Robert de Lideford, clerk,
of our diocese, public notary, on 15 Jan. 1372 (i37f) in the Chapter-
house at Exeter, in the presence and with the assent of the Dean and
Chapter, in the presence of INIasters William Ryde our official, and
Hugh Hikelyng canon of S. Crantock, and others, we have ordered
him to be restored ; We therefore command you to admit and re-
place him ; On the authority therefore of this mandate we the aforesaid
Robert Lideford, Rector, Richard, John, John, John, Thomas, Richard,
Martin, Laurence Stevyn, John, Reginald, and William, have restored
him to his former state and degree, on Sunday 30 Oct. a.d. 1373 in
the Chapel in the presence of Master John Chayne your co?f rater.

Stapeldon Hall, 4 May 1374.
Simon (Sudbury) bishop of London, to the regent and non-regent
Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford. Know all that in
the presence of William (of Wykeham) bishop of Winchester, and
Thomas (Arundel) bishop of Ely, and Sir John Knyvet the King's
Chancellor, and Nicholas Carru the Keeper of the King's Privy Seal,



Iviii HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE.

Thomas (Brantingham) bishop of Exeter, visitor founder and patron
of the College of Stapildon Hall, and Master William Wilton Chan-
cellor of the University and Master Martin de Lideforde rector of the
College and proctor for the scholars had certain complaints (given
below) read, which the Chancellor of the University had brought against
the Bishop and Rector and College, and after discussion referred the
whole matter to our decision. And we have decided that the removal
of the chaplain John Dedemor by the Rector and Scholars shall stand
good, but that the bishop may cause him to be admitted to the first
place vacant in the College ; that any persons aggrieved by the Chan-
cellor's proceedings shall not be hindered in any scholastic act, and
that the Rector and Scholars shall withdraw any proceedings against
the Chancellor in the Court of Canterbury. The tenour of the com-
plaints was as follows :

Hitherto the Rector had the free disposal of all the rooms, and with
the consent of a certain part of the Scholars could punish and remove
an incorrigible chaplain without appeal, and admit by election another
chaplain on the presentation of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter,
except during the Bishop's Annual Visitation. But when the Rector
Master Robert Lideford had, with the consent of all the Scholars,
removed the chaplain John Dedimor, IMaster William Wilton the
Chancellor restored Dedimor to his chaplain's place and to his
chamber and table ; and he excommunicated the Rector on his pro-
testing, and suspended him and Master Richard Rowlond from all
scholastic acts for three years, and forbad any advocate or notary, on
penalty of imprisonment and banishment, to plead the case of the
Rector or Bishop ; and he imprisoned Master Robert Worthe, notary
public, for writing an instrument of the matter on the requisition of the
Rector and Scholars ; and he banished Master Martin Lideford and
Thomas Worlhe for taking up the matter; and when the Rector ami
Scholars made lawful resistance within the College and not without.
he bound Master Robert Lideford the Rector, M. Richard Rowlond,
John More, Reginald Povy, Philip Slonne, and M. Robert Worilic
their notary by pledges, under penalty of £ioo and over, not to
liinder the peace of the University in that way ; all contrary to the
Charters and Statutes of the College. Done in a great chamber
in the south part of the inner cloister of the Friars Preachers in



HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE. Ux

London, 4 May 1374, in the 12th indiclion, in the 4th year of Pope
Gregory XI, in the presence of Masters John Wyliet D.D. Chancellor
of Exeter, John Appulbi dean of S. Paul's, William Wyde canon of
Sarum, John Blaunchard archdeacon of Worcester, and John
Schilyngford ' rector of the first portion of Wodesdon in the diocese
of Lincoln, doctors of laws, and William Lorying canon of Bangor,
inceptor in civil law, and Henry Persay, John Cary, and William
Gary, and others. And I Robert Worthe saw and heard all this,
and put it in this form, and being otherwise occupied had it written
out by another and had it signed with my seal, and that of the bishop
of London, and that of Master Edmund notary public. I the said
notary had the words et rectoris interlined in line 39, Robertiun in
40 and 45, rectoris in 50, which the writer had left out.

Commissio7i for visilmg the College of Stapcldon Hall, 13 May i'^*]\.

Thomas (Brantingham) bishop of Exeter to Masters Henry
Wytefeld, Thomas Montacute, William Todeworth^, Robert Crosse,
and William Middelworth, lawyers. We empower you to visit the
College and examine the administration and last year's accounts
of the Rector and the fourteen Scholars ; and inform us of the result
before the nativity of S. John the Baptist. At Horsley.

Stapildon Halle, 24 Sep. 1374^.

Thomas (Brantingham) to the Rector and Scholars. Since the
ten pence sterling allowed you for commons is not enough in the
present scarcity, we allow you two pence each weekly extra. At
Chuddelegh.

Coinviission for visiting Stapcldoti Hall, 22 Sep. 1378.

Thomas (Brantingham) to Masters Henry Whitefeld D.D., and
Thomas de Mountagu canon of Ottery S. I\Iary, Robert Ruggc B.D.,
and Thomas Swyndon B.D. We empower you to visit the College
and examine the administration and last year's accounts of the Rector
and the fourteen Scholars. At London.

' Wilkin's Concilia ii. 620.

^ R. of S. Tudy in Cornwall, exchanged for N. Alynton, Devon, 1371 (Todes-
worth) ; Maclean iii. 313 ; Ayliffe ii, App. p. Ixiii ; Tanner 717.
^ Autumn 1376 ' xxviiia^pro vino, quando Visilatoics fuerunt hie'



Ix HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE.

For ihe Restoration of a Fclloiv, 20 Jime 1379.
At London the Bishop entrusted his powers to the Rector for
restoring, as a matter of grace, Master Henry Bewmond who was
removed for his demerits by the last Visitors, on the said Henry
swearing not to do the Hke again, but behave well and honestly.

Mandate for the Scholars of Stapeldon Hall, 23 May 1384.

Thomas (Brantingham) to the Rector and Scholars. Since statutes,
like their makers, require change, as experience shows ; whereas
bishop Stapeldon ordered that the Rector's office should be annual,
which causes quarrels about the election, and carelessness in the
annual Rector, we now ordain that Master William Slade the present
Rector, and future Rectors shall hold office continually unless proved
to us by the fellows to be negligent or unfit, on which another shall be
elected. At Sarum.

Commission for visiting the College of Stapeldon Halle, 24 May 1384.
Thomas (Brantingham) to Masters Roger Page D.Can.L., R.
of Churiton Fyztpayn in our diocese, and Richard de Wykeslond
B.L.L., V. of Colyton &c. At Sarum.

Commission to the Chancellor of Oxford to visit the College or Hall of
Stapeldon Hall, 12 Nov. 1420.

To Edmund (Lacy) Bishop of Exeter, Walter Trengof Chancellor
of the University of Oxford. We have received your commission
to this purport. Edmund Bishop of Exeter to Master Walter Trengof
D.D., Chancellor of the University of Oxford, our mother. Since
our College needs supervision and reformation, we empower you &c.
And as our seal is not at hand we use the seal of the Church of
Hereford over which we lately presided. At Wyndsore Castle. On
receipt of this commission, I sat on 20 November in the Chapel
of S. Thomas in the College, when the Rector, Master Ralph IMorcwill,
showed me a citatory mandate as follows. Although in the Statutes,
which you are sworn to observe, it is expressly said that Scholars who
are at least Sophists in Arts or at most Bachelors in Arts, born or
resident in the diocese of Exeter, are eligible to the College, yet some
of you, in the place of your colleagues lately removed, chose a man
from the diocese of Sarum into the place of the first who was a



HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE. Ixi

Devonshire fellow, though there are many sufTicient scholars in the
University from the diocese of Exeter, and into the place of the
second, who was from Cornwall, a Waster of Arts actually regent, to
the injury of the men of our diocese, who have nothing open to them
anywhere else in the University; hence we forbid such proceedings
for the future, and cite you all to appear before IMasler Walter
Trengof D.D., lately a fellow, whom we have deputed to act as our
Commissary on 20 November. And we send you this privately,
to avoid scandal, trusting to your prudence and obedience. At
Wyndesore Casde 20 November. On the reading of this mandate
Masters Ralph IMorewill, Rector, William Andrew, John Brent,
Walter Davy, John Beaucomb, William Certyn ; and Edmund Fychet,
William Collys, John Colyford, William Palmer, Bachelors of Arts ;
Robert Stonard Chaplain, Walter Lyard and John Arundel, Sophists ;
Scholars of the College, swore to yield canonical obedience to you and
your successors, and were examined by us singly and secretly, after
which we adjourned matters to 23 November. On that day John
Burwyk and Thomas Gourde, Scholars elected in the interim, swore
to canonical obedience in like manner ; and we charged them to
abstain from such acts in the future, and suspended Walter Lyard
from commons for disobedience, after which we adjourned matters to
30 November and then again to 2 December, when we suspended
Masters William Andrew, John Brent, John Beaucomb ; John Colyford
B.A. ; Robert Stonard, chaplain, and Walter Lyard sophist, from
commons for five weeks, because of their naming for election IMaster
Thomas Bony, and Simon Row who was only resident in the diocese.
At Oxford 15 December.

Citation of Fellows^ 20 June 1439.

At Bishop's Tawton. Edmund (Lacy) bishop of Exeter, patron
founder and ordinary of the College of Exeter or Hall of Stapuldon
Hall, to IMaster John Row, Rector. We hear that although Richard
Frensch of our diocese, a man of knowledge and character and poor,
was elected by the saner and senior fellows, and his election was
confirmed by M. John Carpenter the Chancellor of Oxford because
only a few fellows had voted for Richard Bokelcr, nevertheless some
Masters, John Bulsey, Richard Bele, John Westlake, John Godeswayn;



Ixii HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE.

and John Evelyng, William Sende, William Balam, John Andrew,
Bachelors of Arts, hinder the said Richard from enjoying his election.
We therefore command you to cite them to appear before us in the
Chapel at our manor of Chuddelegh on Thursday after the feast
of S. Anne, the mother of Mary.

Commission to visit the College or Hall of Stapeldon, 2 Oct. 1439.
Edmund (Lacy) to Master William Palmer, Precentor of Criditon
&c. At Radeway.

Letter for reforming Stapeldon Hall, 19 Nov. 1442.
Edmund (Lacy) to Master Roger Keys, canon of Exeter, L.L.B.,
William Palmer, Precentor of Criditon, and John Rigge, Treasurer of
Criditon, Scholars of Theology. Although the fellows elected John
Bulsey Rector, being then quite competent, yet he has since become
so ill and frantic that he cannot fulfill his duties. We therefore
empower you to remove him from his office, which is only annual,
and see that the fellows elect another Rector. At Chuddelegh.

Commission to reforin the crimes and faults of the Rector and Scholars of
Exeter College, 16 Ap. 1453.
Edmund (Lacy) to IVLaster William Palmer, Precentor of Criditon,
scholar of Theology. We empower you to visit the College, and
correct all crimes and faults of the Rector, Fellows, and servants.
At Chuddelegh.

Letter of Enquiry by Bishop Clagett, 28 Oct. 1742.
Good Mr. Dean,

It was signified to me some time ago by the Rector of Exeter
College, that, in pursuance of the Powers given by an Act of Parliament
made in the 7 th year of the late King, the Rector and Fellows of
Exeter had thoughts of selling a small Parcel of their Estate to Jesus
College in your University ; to make which sale good and effectual tlie
Act requires the Consent and Approbation of the Visitor.

The following is the description of the Parcel to be sold, as it stands
in the lease now in being, whereby it is at this time leased out to Jesus
College, and as it has been communicated to me by the Rector of
Exeter.

' All that their piece of ground, scilualc lying and being in the parish



HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE. Ixiii

of St. Michael's in the city of Oxford, containing in length from North
to South 72 feet, and in breadth from East to West 30 feet, on which
lately stood two tenements, now pulled down by the said Principal and
Scholars, by the consent of the said Rector and Scholars, to new build.
And also all that piece of ground, being one hundred and five feet in
all, at the North end of the said piece of ground next the street, being
30 feet long the whole Breadth of the said Demised Premises only
and four feet deep at the East end thereof and three feet at the West
end, which was lately granted or agreed to be granted to the late
Principal and Scholars from the City of Oxford (with other Grounds),
on which ground against Exeter College Lane the said Principal and
Scholars of Jesus College intend to build and lay to the ground belong-
ing to Exeter College ; together with all Buildings thereon erecting and
all ways and passages thereunto belonging or used or enjoyed there-
with, with their and every of their Appurtenances, which said first men-
tioned Premises were lately granted to the said Principal and Scholars
by the name of all that their messuage heretofore a stable, &c.'

This is the description of the Estate proposed to be sold. In order
to obtain further Information concerning it, I had once thoughts
of sending a Commission of Enquiry by way of Request to seven or
eight Gentlemen at Oxford, but because I am willing to give trouble
to as few persons as possible, and because the opinions of a friend or
two will give me Full and Entire Satisfaction in this matter, I chose to
desire the Favour of Yourself and Mr. Prolocutor (to whom you will
be so kind as to give my Service) to let me know your sentiments in
Answer to the Two Enquiries Annexed to this Letter. If Mr. Dean of
Exeter be now in Oxford, he also, I dare say, will very readily let me
have his Sentiments about this affair. Should he be absent, I shall
entirely acquiesce in whatever shall be Mr, Prolocutor's Judgment
and Yours.

I do not find by Mr. Rector's Letters to me that the Affair is
Pressing. I shall be obliged to you if you will let me have your
Sentiments at your Leisure. I am. Good Mr. Dean

Your very loving brother and humble servant

N, ExoN.

Queen's Square near the Park,
Westminster, Oct. 28, 1742.



Ixiv HISTORY OF EXETER COLLEGE.

The Enquiries you will find in the next Leaf.

Qu. I. Will the selling the Estate above Described be anyway
Prejudicial to Exeter College ?

Qu. 2. What will be a Reasonable Price (All Circumstances con-
sidered) for Exeter College to Demand for the said Estate ?

[Whitehall or Leadenhall was sold to Jesus 1821 for £400, Reg.
9 May 1821, and 1845, Wood's Fash' 61, Wood's Ci'/y, i. 68, Jesus
Statutes 8r.]

The Wiclifite movement largely influenced Exeter ; its history has
been written by John Lewis, a member of the College. In 1382
an assembly of divines censured Wiclifs doctrines, and strong
measures were taken by the Archbishop and the bishops against
the Wiclifites at Oxford. William Serche the chaplain of the College
was removed in 1384 (the year of Wiclifs death) by the Archbishop,
who appointed William Talkarn in his place 8 Dec. 1384 : Serche
however was presented by Richard II to the rectory of West Tilbury
in Essex ^ 22 Aug. 1392 and held it till 1408. Did this arise from the
favour shown in the royal household to the new views ; or had Serche,
like so many others, altered his views ? One of the Archbishop's
commissaries in Serche's case was John de Landreyn, once fellow of



Online LibraryExeter College (University of Oxford)Registrum Collegii exoniensis. Register of the rectors, fellows, and other members on the foundation of Exeter college, Oxford. With a history of the college and illustrative documents → online text (page 7 of 61)