Ezra S Stearns.

Genealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation (Volume 4) online

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bears the name Scammonden and was doubtless the
home of some of the family.

(I) The first American ancestor of the Scam-
mon family appears to be Richard Scammon, who
came to Boston and moved thence to Portsmouth
and was living there about 1640. From Ports-
mouth there radiated five brothers and sisters :
Richard, Anne, John, Elizabeth and Humphrey.
Anne Scammon married, about 1650, ^lajor Richard
Waldron, of Dover, and died February 7, 1685. Her
husband was the noted Major Waldron, who was

killed by the Indians, June 2-], 1689. John Scammon
lived at Kittery, Maine, and had one daughter,
Elizabeth, who married an Atkins. Elizabeth Scam-
mon married (first), about 1649, Peter Sidgett, a
merchant of Salem, Massachusetts; (second) Hon.
John Safiin, judge of the superior court of Massa-
chusetts; she died November, 1687. Humphrey
Scammon, born 1640, married Elizabeth Jordan;
settled at Saco, Maine, and died January i, 1727.
Among his descendants were Colonel James Scam-
mon, of Saco, who commanded a regiment in the
Revolution, and Hon. John F. Scammon, of Saco,
member of congress, 1845-47.

(II) Richard (2), son of Richard (i) Scam-
mon, was born probably in England and migrated
to America with his father. He lived at Ports-
mouth for a time, then at Dover, being taxed there
in 1662. He married, about 1661. Prudence Wal-
dron, only daughter of William Waldron, of Dover.
William Waldron was the eldest brother of Major
Waldron. and was baptized at Alcestcr, Warwick-
shire. England, October 18, 1601, and came to Dover
about 1635. In 1641 he was one of four magistrates
appointed by ]\Iassachusctts. Was twice deputy to
the general court and was recorder of court, also
recorder of Maine. He was drowned while at-
tempting to cross the river at Kennebunk, Maine,
September, 1646. Waldron purchased shares in the
Shrewsbury Patent, 1642, which were a part of his
estate at the time of his death. The tract covered
by this patent was located on the east bank of the
Swamscot, extending from Wheelwrights creek to
Moores creek and three miles inland, and covered
the southern part of the present town of Stratham.
Richard (2) Scammon acquired title to the re-
mainder of this tract and settled on it 1665. The
papers relating to his title were recorded June 11,
1666. His business after acquiring Shrewsbury
Patent was farming and lumbering. The dam that
marks the site of his mill is still pointed out on
Thompson's brook. He took the oath of allegiance
at Exeter in 1677, and was in garrison there during
the Indian troubles. In some of the early records
he is spoken of as living at Exeter but no part of
his land was within the limits of that town. Exeter,
however, was the nearest organized settlement and
he was taxed there, held office there and was- ac-
corded all the privileges of an actual resident. In
religion he was an Episcopalian and joined Ed-
ward Hilton and Francis Champernoune in effort.s
to secure protection for that faith. He was one of
the defendants in the historc contest over the Ma-
son claims and sufifered loss from the consequent
confusion of land titles. His business affairs were
well handled, however, and he appears in the Exeter
tax list of 1684 as one of the two largest taxpayers.
He conveyed his land and property to his children
by deed in 1691.

The children of Richard (2) and Prudence
(Waldron) Scammon were: Richard, born about
1662. Thomas, born about 1663. William, whose
sketch follows. Jane, born July 21, 1667. Prudence,
born August 29, 1669. Elizabeth, born April 22,
1671. Mary, born May 31. 1673. The date of the
death of Richard (2) Scammon is uncertain, but
was previous to December, 1697. His widow sur-
vived some years but died before March. 1721, as
on the third of that month her son William deeds
land to his sister, Jane Deane. according as he says,
to the desire and request of his honored mother.
Prudence, late of Stratham.

(III) William, third son of Richard (2) and
Prudence (Waldron) Scammon, was born Febru-
ary 29, 1664, probably at Dover. He received the



home place at Stratham from his father. He was
in the service against the Indians in 1696, and was
selectman at Exeter in 1699 and 1700. When Strat-
ham was chartered in 1716 he was one of the first
board of assessors, and was one of the committee
ordered to "take care to build a meeting house with
all convenient speed." When the meeting house
was "seated," after the custom of the time, he was
seated on "ye first chief seat." He served as se-
lectman in 1717-18-19. He was a large farmer and
kept slaves. He married, January 4, 1721, Rachel,
daughter of James and Elizabeth Thurber, of Reho-
both, Massachusetts. Her people were of the Rhode
Island Baptists in religion, and Baptist historians
credit her with having been the first Baptist in
New Hampshire, and with having been instrumental
in laying the foundation of several churches of that
faith. The children of William and Rachel (Thur-
ber) Scammon were: Richard (3), whose sketch
follows, and Samuel, twins, born November 17,
1722. James, born November 10, 1725. Elizabeth,
born August 13, 1728. Barnabas, born April 27,
"^ySS- Of these children only Richard left descend-
ants. William Scammon died September 28, 1743.
His widow died September 25, 1761.

(IV) Richard (3), eldest son of William and
Rachel (Thurber) Scammon, was born at Stratham,
November 17, 1722, and inherited the home place.
He was a farmer and old tax lists still extant give
him as the town's largest taxpayer. At the be-
ginning of the Revolution he was a member of the
committee of safety, but is said to have disapproved
of independence and to have become a Tory, though
his oldest son was a Revolutionary soldier. In the
latter part of his life Richard (3) became a ship-
owner and was interested in the West India ship-
ping trade. He married, September, 1753, Elizabeth,
daughter of Lieutenant Samuel and JMehitable
(Pickering) Weeks, of Greenland, where Elizabeth
was baptized in 1732.

Their children were : Rachel, born October 12,
1754, married Walter Neal, of Newmarket. Wil-
liam, born March 31, 1756, married Sarah Robin-
son. Elizabeth, born 1757, died in infancy. Samuel,
born 1759, died in infancy. Mary, born September
24, 1760, married Edward Burleigh. Richard, born
May 31, 1762. Samuel, born 1764, died in West
Indies, mate on a vessel belonging to his father,
1789. Elizabeth, born May 9, 1768, married Kinsley
Lyford, of Exeter. James, whose sketch follows.
Hezckiah, born March 26, 1773, married Leah
Stockbridge, and lived in Stratham. Jonathan, born
I77S> died in infancy. Of these children Richard
and James have descendants of the name living.

Richard married Elizabeth Chase and was the
father of Hon. Eliakim Scammon, of East Pitts-
ton, Maine, who was a member of the Maine state
senate. His son, Jonathan Young Scammon, born
July 27, 1812, graduated at Waterville College, 1831,
went to Chicago, 1835, and became eminent as a
lawyer and banker. He was the head of the law
firm of Scammon, McCagg & Fuller. He established
the Marine Bank and was its president, and later
was president of the ]\Ierchants' National Bank.
He was a projector and director of the Chicago
& Galena railroad, the first railroad built in northern
Illinois. He was active in developing the Chicago
school system and one of the city schools was
named the Scammon. In 1872 he founded the
Inter Ocean newspaper. His public benefactions in-
cluded the founding of Hahneman Hospital, the
building of a church for the Swedenborgian Society
and he gave an observatory to the Chicago Astro-
nomical Society. He was a devoted friend of Abra-

ham Lincoln, whose son, Robert T. Lincoln, studied
law in the office of Scammon, INIcCagg & Fuller.
Mr. Scammon died March 17, 1890. E. Parker
Scammon, son' of Eliakim, graduated from West •
Point, 1837. Served in the war with Mexico.
Later was president of St. Mary's Polytechnic In-
stitute, Cincinnati. At the beginning of the Civil
war was commissioned colonel of the Twenty-third
Ohio Volunteers, was promoted brigadier-general
for meritorious service at South Mountain, and
served through the war. Was afterward in the
consular service. Died at New York, 1894. Charles
Melville, son of Eliakim, was appointed captain in
the United States revenue marine service, 1862,
serving on the Pacific coast. He is the author of
an exhaustive work on "Marine Mammals," published
1874, that is a recognized authority on its subject.
Captain Scammon is now on the retired list and is
living at Fruitvale, California.

(V) James Scammon, son of Richard (3) and
Elizabeth (Weeks) Scammon, was born April 26,
1771, at the home place in Stratham, and spent his
entire life there. His principal business was farm-
ing, though he dealt considerably in real estate.
He was a strong Democrat but was never in prac-
tical politics. He served as school committeeman
and selectman. He reared four sons and two daugh-
ters, and gave each of the sons a farm and the
daughters an equivalent. His- wife was Lydia Par-
ker, daughter of Stephen and Susannah (VViggin)
Wiggin, whom he married April, 1796. Their chil-
dren were : John, whose sketch follows. Lydia,
born February 9, 1800, married Benjamin Barker,
of Exeter. Ira James, June 11, 1803, married Ann
Lyford. Stephen, January 25, 1805, married Maria
Gordon. Richard, whose sketch follows. Elizabeth
Susan, born May 10, 1812, married Michael Dalton,
of North Hampton. James Scammon died April
6, 1859, aged eighty-eight. His wife died October
15, 1840, aged sixty-three.

(VI) John, eldest child of James and Lydia
P. (Wiggin) Scammon, was born at the old home-
stead in Stratham, August 22, 1797. He was edu-
cated in the common school of his native town, at
Hampton Academy and at a private school at
South Newmarket. He was a most industrious
student and kept at his books so late that his land-
lady objected to supplying so many candles. After
leaving school, teaching seemed his natural voca-
tion, and he followed it many years with marked
success. His fine presence and imposing size^
he weighed about two hundred and sixty pounds
in the prime of life — commanded instant respect,
and his services were sought in difficult districts
Although the care of his farm was his nominal
occupation through life, most of his time was spent
in other duties. He was a fine mathematician and
an accomplished surveyor, and was much called on
for work of that sort. When about sixteen he saw
service in the War of 1812, becoming ensign of a
company which was stationed at one of the forts
in Portsmouth Harbor. After that war he was
made a captain in the militia, and was a popular
and efficient ofiicer. In town affairs he bore a
lifelong and prominent part, being unusually well
equipped for conducting all branches of that busi-
ness. In politics he was an unswerving Democrat,
but all classes recognized his intelligent judgment
and natural leadership. He served as moderator
for eighteen years, 1834-38, 1840-49, inclusive, also
in 1851-52 and 1857; he was on the school committee
in 1844-47-49; he was selectman in 1824-25-26 and
chairman of the board for fourteen years — 1834-
38, 1841-47, inclusive, also in 1849 and 1850. He




served as representative in 1835-36-37, serving on
the judiciary committee. Although not formally
trained in the law, few men in the profession had
a more extensive and accurate knowledge of the
subject than himself. His qualitications in this
matter were so well understood that in 1853 he was
made justice of the court of common pleas. Judge
Scammon discharged his duties on the bench with
credit to himself and satisfaction to the public,
serving until the constitution of the courts was
changed. He was one of those men who seem born
to be a leader in the community, and he was prob-
ably the most influential man in Stratham during
his day. In religion he was a Baptist, and was one
of the committee having charge of the new Christian
(Baptist) Chapel about 1840.

On October 31, 1824, Captain (afterwards Judge)
John Scammon married Mary G. Barker, daughter
of Noah and Deborah (Oilman) Barker, of Exeter.
Mary Barker was the eldest child of her father and
his second wife, and was born September 17, 1801.
The four children of Judge John and Mary (Bar-
ker) Scammon were : Lydia Parker, born Novem-
ber 20, 1825. John James, whose sketch follows.
Susan Deborah, November 16, 1837. Mary Ellen,
October 11, 1839. Judge John Scammon died sud-
denly March 19, 1863, at the age of sixty-six. His
widow, Mrs. Mary (Barker) Scammon, died JMay
7, 1894, aged ninety-three years.

(VH) John James, only son and second child
of Judge John and Mary G. (Barker) Scammon,
was born November 22, 1828, on the paternal home-
stead in Strathanij New Hampshire. He attended
the schools of his native town, and subsequently
studied at Exeter and Hampton academies. Like
his father and others of the family, he taught
school for a time ; but afterward engaged in the meat
and provision business. For a while he was a
member of the firm of Mace & Scammon, at Exeter;
but he finally gave his entire attention to farming.
He owned about one hundred and seventy-five acres
of excellent tillage land, situated two miles from
the village of Exeter ; and his substantial buildings
and well kept fields bore witness to his thrift and
prosperity. He was a man of great industry and
continued in active work till the close of life. Like
all his ancestors, Mr. Scammon was a Democrat
of the old school ; and he was often elected to local
office, though not of the prevailing political party.
He served as selectman, was deputy sheriff for
eight years, and was connected with the school de-
partment for fifteen years. In religious belief he
was a Congregationalist. On February 9, i860, John
James Scammon married Rachel S. Jewell, daugh-
ter of David and Rachel (Leavitt) Jewell, who was
born at Exeter, January 11, 1836. Mrs. Rachel
(Jewell) Scammon belongs to one of the oldest
New England families, and is a great-granddaugh-
ter of Captain Daniel Jewell, who served in the
Revolution (see Jewell, VII). To John J. and
Rachel (Jewell) Scammon were born two sons:
Frank H., born June 15, 1861 ; and John, whose
sketch follows. Frank H. Scammon became a pro-
vision dealer in Exeter. He married Josephine
Pickering of the neighboring town of Greenland ;
and they had three children : Helen R., Alice J.
and Edwin H. Frank H. Scammon, the father of
this family, died August 28, 1906, at the early age
of forty-five years. His father, John James Scam-
mon, died at Stratham, December 4, 1904, at the age
of seventy-six.

(VIII) John, second son and child of John
James and Rachel (Jewell) Scammon, was born
at Stratham, September 30, 1865. He was edu-

cated at the Exeter high school and at Phillips
Exeter Academy, and studied law with General
Oilman Marston and Marston & Eastman of Exeter,
and also took a course at the Law School of Boston
University. For a time he abandoned the profession,
and was employed in mercantile pursuits and by
the Boston & Maine railroad. In 1896, while still
in the service of the railroad, he resumed the study
of law at night and during his unemployed time,
and was admitted to the New Hampshire bar in
1898. He entered the office of Eastman & Young
at Exeter, one of the prominent law firms of the
state; and soon after the appointment of John E.
Young, the junior partner, to the superior bench,
Mr. Scammon became a member of the firm of
Eastman, Scammon 81 Gardner, which association
exists at the present time. Mr. Scammon is a di-
rector in the Hampton Water Works Company, the
Union Publishing Company of Manchester, New
Hampshire, and is interested in other business enter-
prises. The Scammon family has produced many
distinguished lawyers and financiers, notably the
late J. Young Scammon, of Chicago, and James
Scammon, of Kansas City; and John Scammon, of
Exeter, bids fair to sustain the reputation of the
family in New Hampshire.

Politically Mr. Scammon departed from the
traditions of his forefathers and became a Republi-
can, and he has already achieved leadership in that
party. He was a member of the New Hampshire
legislature in 1903 and 1905, serving on the ju-
diciary and other important committees. In 1907
he was chosen to the New Hampshire senate, and
elected president of that body, an office which is
likely to pave the way to future political honors.
In religious matters he is affiliated with the Con-
gregationalists, and in fraternal organizations he
belongs to the Improved Order of Red Men, and is
a Mason of the thirty-second degree.

On November 27, 1890, John Scammon married
]\Iary G. Dixcy, daughter of Richard H. and Sarah
J. Dixcy, of Lynn, ]\Iassachusetts, and great-great-
granddaughter of General John Glover, a brigadier-
general under General Washington, a member of the
court that tried Andre, and in whose memory a
bronze statue stands in Commonwealth avenue, Bos-
ton, Massachusetts. There are five children of this
inarriage : Oscar Jewell, born at Lynn, March 27,
1892; John James, born at Lynn, June 22, 1893;
Alarianna, born at Stratham, New Hampshire,
March 17, 1895; Henry Glover, born at Newfields,
New Hampshire, May 16, 1897; and George Albert,
born at Exeter, August 20, 1899.

(VI) Richard (4), son of James and Lydia P.
(Wiggin) Scammon, was born at the old homestead
in Stratham, October 24, 1809. He was educated
at Hampton Academy and taught school for a time
at Portsmouth, but farming was his principal busi-
ness, which he followed with much success, win-
ning an unexcelled reputation for industry, good
judgment and integrity. Was a Democrat, and
served many years as chairman of the selectmen,
though his party was then a hopeless minority in
the town. Was trustee of several estates. IMember
of First Christian Church of Stratham and its
principal supporter. He married, February 9, 1842,
Abigail Batchelder, daughter of Edward C. and
Nancy (Philbrick) Batchelder, of North Hampton.
She was born February 14. 1813. Their children
were: Hezekiah, born January 31, 1843. James,
born June 10, 1844. Sarah Caroline, born Decem-
ber 16, 1848. Richard Montgomery, whose sketch
follows. Hezekiah Scammon was educated at New
London and Phillips Exeter academies, was a school



teacher, farmer at Exeter, and active in Masonry
and the Grange. Lecturer of New Hampshire State
Grange, 1896. Died December 29, 1903. Married
JNlary E. Jewell, of Stratham, January 9, 1867, and
had two sons : Everett, born May 5, 1868, edu-
cated at Phillips Exeter Academy and at Bryant &
Strattons Business College; married, January 21,
1896, Gertrude Elizabeth Clapp, of Medford, Aiassa-
chusetts, and is now in the insurance business in New
York. James, born January 29, 1873, is in telephone
service. James Scammon fitted for college at Phil-
lips Exeter, graduated at Brown University, 1868;
Albany Law School, 1870; was senior member of
the firm of Scammon, Mead & Stubenrauch, lawyers
of Kansas City. He "was a recognized leader and
one of the best trial lawyers in the Alissouri bar."
Was general solicitor of the Kansas City and Eastern
railroad; president of the Franklin Savings Bank,
and president of the Kansas City Humane Society.
He was a noted collector of rare books, and left
a library of over seven thousand volumes. Died
at Kansas City, May ^o, 1900. His wife was Laura
Evcringham, whom he married March 4, 1876, and
had one son, Richard Everingham, born July 9,
1883, graduated Lawrence University, Kansas, 1905,
recently appointed an instructor at Harvard. Sarah
C. Scammon graduated from Robinson Female
Seminary, 1872, now lives at Exeter. Richard (4)
Scammon, the father of this family, died February
21, 1878. His wife died September 6, 1873.

(Vll) Richard JMontgomer}-, son of Richard and
Abigail (Batchelder) Scammon, was born December
6, 1859. He was educated at Exeter high school
and Cornell University, and resides on the home-
stead at Stratham, where he has one of the largest
and best farms in a town noted for agricultural
excellence, and which has been in possession of
his family since 1642. Politically he is a Democrat.
He served'^as town treasurer, 1881 ; superintendent
of schools, 1883-84; moderator, 1884 to 1894; mem-
ber of legislature, 1885-86; state senator, 1891-92.
Enlisted in the New Hampshire National Guard,
1882, and served in the different grades up to lieu-
tenant-colonel of the First Regiment, holding the
last commission from 1886 to 1892. Company E
of his regiment adopted the name "Scammon Rities."
He has been trustee of the New Hampshire State
College, at Durham, since 1899. Was appointed
on the board of bank commissioners by Governor
Bachelder, March, 1904; was appointed chairman
of the board by Governor McLane, April, 1005, and
re-appointed December i, 1906. Has served two
years as vice-president of the National Associa-
tion of Supervisors of State Banks. He is an inter-
ested student of New Hampshire history and has
been an occasional contributor to historical and
other magizines. He married, January 7, 1897, An-
nie Prentice, daughter of George A. and Isabel
Prentice (Tucker) Wiggin, of Stratham. She was
born August 7, 1872, and graduated from Mt.
Flolyoke College, 1892.

This name has passed through various
GOULD forms of spelling, such as Goold,

Goolde, Gold, Golde and Gould, which
latter is generally used at the present day. The
name can be traced with accuracy in England to the
middle of the fifteenth century.

(I) Thomas Goold was born about the year
1455 at Bovington, Parish of Hemel Hempstead,
Hertfordshire, and died there in 1520. His will
was proved September 28, of the latter year, and his
widow Johan was co-executrix. His children were:

Thomas, Richard, John, Alice, William, Henry and

(H) Richard, second son of Thomas and Johan
Goold, was born in Bovillgton about 1479, and died
at Stoke Manderville, Bucks, in 1531.

(HI) Thomas Goolde, son of Richard Goold,
was born in 1500.

(IV) Richard Gold, son of Thomas Goolde, was
born a Stoke Manderville, about 1530. He married
Jane Weeden, a widow.

(V) Richard Golde, son of Richard and Jane
Gold, was born about 1553, and died in 1604. (Men-
tion of his son, John, and descendants appears in
this article.)

(VI) Zaccheus Gould, son of Richard Golde,
was born about 1589 and resided in Hemel Hemp-
stead, Herts, later going to Great Minenden, Bucks,
where he was assessed in 1629. In 1638 he emigrated
to New England, locating first at Weymouth, Mas-
sachusetts, whence he removed to Lynn, and finally
to Topsfield, where he died in 1668. The christian
name of his wife was Phebe and she died September
20, 1663. Their children were : Phebe, Mary,
Martha, Priscilla and John.

(VII) Captain John, only son of Zaccheus and
Phebe Gould, was born at Hemel Hempstead, June
10, 163s, and came with his parents to New Eng-
land. He served in King Philip's war, was an
ensign in the militia in 1679, a lieutenant in 1684,
and captain in 1693. Between the years 1663 and
1702 he was chosen fifteen times as selectman in
Topsfield, and was also representative to the general
court. His death occurred in Topsfield, January
26, 1709-10. October 12, 1660, he married Sarah
Baker, born at Ipswich, March 9, 1641, died Janu-
ary 20, 1708-09, daughter of John Baker, of Nor-
wich, England, who arrived at Boston in 1637, in
the "Rose of Yarmouth," with three children and
four servants. She became the mother of eight chil-
dren : John, Sarah, Thomas, Samuel, Zaccheus,
Priscilla, Joseph and Mary.

(VIII) John, eldest son and child of Captain
John and Sarah (Baker) Gould, was born at Tops-
field, December i, 1662. He was a weaver by trade
and seems to have acquired both business and po-
litical prominence. He died November 5, 1724.
November 10, 1684, he married Phebe French, who
was born May 8, 1667, died April 25, 1718, daughter
of John French. The ten children of this union
were : Phebe, John, Mary, Nathaniel, Sarah, Han-
nah. Daniel, David, Solomon and Lydia.

(IX) John, son of John and Phebe (French)
Gould, was born August 25, 1687. He resided in
Boxford, Massachusetts, and his will, which was
made December 30, 1756, was probated July 20,
1762. February 2, 1708-09. he married for his first
wife Hannah Curtis, who died April 25, 1712, and he ">
was married a second time, June 23, 1715, to Phebe
Towne. The children of his first union were:

Online LibraryEzra S StearnsGenealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation (Volume 4) → online text (page 122 of 149)