Ezra S Stearns.

Genealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation (Volume 4) online

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has been provided, and the alumni who have gone
forward to the higher institutions bear gratifying
testimony to the intelligent, broad and effective
mental and moral training the academy gave them
for their subsequent careers.

The charter members of the board of trustees,
who had an important part in shaping the destinies
of the school, were. Rev. William Morrison, John
Pinkerton. Jr., John Burnham, Isaac Thom, Elder
James Pinkerton, Rev. Edward L. Parker. John
Porter, Alanson Tucker, Robert Bartley, M. D. Suc-
cessive members of the board chosen to fill vacan-
cies as they occurred, have been as follows : Rev.
Justin Edwards, D. D.. James Thom, Rev. Asa Mc-
Farland, D. D., Rev. Daniel Dana, D. D., George
Farrar, M. D., William M. Richardson, LL. D.,
Rev. John H. Church. D. D., William Choate, Sam-
uel Adams, Thornton Beeton, Rev. Pliny B. Day,
D. D., Rev. Jonathan Clement, D. D., Rev. Timothy
G. Brainerd, Samuel H. Taylor, LL. D., John M.
Pinkerton, A. ]\I., Rev. Joshua W. Wellman, D. D.,
Rev. Ebeneezer G. Parsons, William Anderson, David
H. Pinkerton, Rev. William House, Rev. Leonard
S. Barker, D. D., Rev. James T. McCollom, D. D.,
Rev. Caleb E. Fisher, D. D., Rev. David Bremmer,
Rev. Benjamin F. Parsons, Rev. Robert W. Has-
kins. Rev. Charles Tenney, Rev. Charles Packard,
Nathan B. Prescott, William G. Means. Rev. John
P. Newell. Edward Spalding, M. D., LL. D., Hon.
John W. Noyes, George L. Clarke, John C. Chase,
Rev. Hiram 13. Putnam, Frank N. Parsons, LL. D.,
Greenleaf K. Bartlett, Perley L. Home, A. M., Rev.
Charles L. IMerriam. Hon. Charles W. Abbott.

Of these the following have served as president:
Elder James Pinkerton, from 1814; Rev. Edward
L. Parker, from 1819; Rev. Daniel Dana, from
1822 ; Hon. William M. Richardson, from 1826 ;
Rev. John H. Church, from 183S; Rev. Edward L.
Parker, from 1841 ; John Porter, from 1850: Sam-
uel H. Taj'lor, from 18^8; John M. Pinkerton, from
1S71 ; Rev. Ebeneezer G. Parsons, from 1881 ; Rev.
John P. Newell, from 1900.

The following have served as secretary : John
Pprter, from 1814 : James Thom. from 1824 ; Sam-
uel Adams, from 1831 ; Rev. Pliny B. Day. from
T838: Rev. Joshua W. Wellman, from 1850: Rev.
Ebeneezer G. Parsons, from 1854; Rev. Benjamin

F. Parsons, from 1872; Rev. Hiram B. Putnam,
from 1896 : John C Chase, from 1901.

The following have served as treasurer: John
Porter, from 1814 : William Choate, from 1842 ;
William Anderson, from 1856; Frederick J. Shep-
ard. from 1888.

Follov;ing are names of the successive prin-
ciples of the school : Samuel Burnham, Weston
Bela Adams, Abel F. Hildreth, A. M.. Caleb Em-
ery., Rev. Elihu T. Rowe, Marshall Henshaw, A.
M', John W. Rav, A. M., Henry L. Boltwood,
.\. M.. John Y. Stanton. A. M., John P. Newell, A.
M.. ]\Iarshman W. Hazen. A. M., Rev. Ebeneezer

G. Parsons. George T. Tuttle, A. M., Homer P.
Lewis. A. M., Edmund R. Angel, A. M., George
W. Bingham, A. M. The longest and perhaps the
most noted term of administration was that of Mr.

Hildreth, which extended from 1819 to 1846, and
gave the academy a wide reputation for its general
thorough instruction and as a fitting school for col-
lege. The standard then established has been fully
maintained up to the present time.

In 1866 was celebrated the semi-centennial anni-
versary of the school, and much was made of the
occasion, many distinguished alumni being present
and taking part in the exercises. At that time the
school had begun to feel cramped by want of means,
and the voices of several of the speakers were
raised in an appeal for help. The response wasi to
come shortly in the shape of the munificent gift of
John I\I. Pinkerton, which opened a future to the
school such as its founders did not dream of. Since
then its responsibilities, both to those destined to
college and to those not, increased as .they have
been by the growth of the town of Derry, have not
been increased beyond its ability to meet them fully.
An idea of the growth of the school may be gained
from the statement that the attendance, including
the preparatory department abolished in 1901, rarely
exceeded one hundred before that date, while in
1907 it had reached one hundred and thirty-five.
Mr. Burnham, the first principal, managed the
school with one assistant ; in 1907 ^Ir. Bingham has

Nearing the end of its first century of existence,
it can safely be said that the academy has well per-
formed its expected work, and fully met the antic-
ipations of its founders and later benefactors.

(I) David Wright, who was born in
WRIGHT Ashford, Connecticut, in July, 1759,
and died in Hanover. New Hamp-
shire, in 1852. was a soldier of the Revolution and
served at various times from 1775 until 1781. He
enlisted first in 1775 as a private in a company of
riflemen from Hanover, New Hampshire, and un-
der command of Lieutenant James Parr was in ser-
vice at Great Island in November of that year;
enlisted at Hanover. August 16, 1776, in Captain
David Woodward's company of rangers for the
state of New Hampshire, and was credited with
forty-six days service : March 17, 1777, was mus-
tered as private in Captain House's company of
Colonel Cilley's regiment, and in September, 1777,
was private in Colonel Jonathan Chase's regiment
of militia which marched from Cornish, New
Hampshire, to Saratoga. New York, and joined
General Gates's army in opposing and overwhelming
the British under General Burgoyne at Stillwater;
service one month and three days. April, 1778, he
was mustered with other men from Hanover for
that town's quota in Colonel Jonathan Chase's
regiment of the Continental army, and is described
as then being twenty years old and five feet seven
inches tall. February 17, 1779, he enlisted and was
mustered, in April, for three years' service as pri-
vate in Colonel Chase's regiment in the Continental
army, and in the next year was reported as a private
and sergeant of the fourth company of Colonel Cil-
lej^'s regiment of the Continental army; and in 1781
he was reported as sergeant in the same company
and regiment.

David Wright, of Hanover, married, September
16. 1783. Lydia Tenney. She was born October 23.
1761. and died at Hanover, New Hampshire, April
27, 1832, daughter of John and Olive (Armstrong)
Tenny. David and Lydia had in all nine children,
three of whom were born at one time. Their first
child, name unknown, was born June 24. 1784, and
died June 25, 1785. Their second child. Wealthy,
was born July 31, 1785, died April 8, 1864, married



Asher Ladd and settled in Painesville, New York.
Their next children were triplets, born March lo,
1788, and died two on March 11, 1788, and the third
March 25, 1788. Their sixth child, Anna, was born
May 20, 1790, and died May i, 1875; married, Sep-
tember II, 181 1, Henry Hilton Chandler (see Chan-
dler, VH), of Hanover, New Hampshire. Their
seventh child, Hannah, was born February 4, 1792,
and died December 10, 1795. Their eighth child,
David Jr., was born January 17, 1794, and died in
Hanover; married, 1815, Irene Ladd, born March
21, 1793- Their ninth child, Caleb, was born Janu-
ary 14. 1798, and died July 11, 1802.

The same causes which led to the set-
CLARK tlement of the Pilgrims at Plymouth,

Massachusetts, led to the settlement of
the Scotch-Irish at Londonderry, New Hampshire.
The settlers in each case fled not so much from the
civil government as from the hierarchy and the
laws which enforced conformity to the church es-
tablishment, or at least compelled them to aid in
supporting a minister of the established religion ;
and, in the case of the Scotch-Irish, a tenth part
of all their increase was rigorously exacted for this
purpose. They also held their lands and tenements
by lease from the ci^own only, and not as proprietors
of the soil. Their inextinguishable love of liberty,
both civil and religious, would not permit them to
remain in Ireland so situated ; and knowing that
they were leaving that country for one much its
inferior in an agricultural sense, to make their
homes in a wilderness whose solitude was broken
only by the cries of wild beasts and blood thirsty
savages, they chose to make the change rather than
to live as they had been compelled to live.

Among those early settlers of Londonderry were
the Clarks, honorable men and women from whom
have descended many worthy citizens who have
lived or are now living in all parts of the Union.

(I) Robert Clark, of the Scotch colony in Ire-
land, came to Londonderry, New Hampshire, about
the year 1725, and settled on the height of land
northwest of Beaver Pond. His example and his
labors were of great service in promoting the in-
terests of the colonists. He died in 1775. He mar-
ried Letitia Cochran, daughter of John Cochran, of
Londonderry, Ireland. She died in 1783. They had
eight children, as follows : William, John, Samuel,
Miriam, Jane, Letitia, Agnes and Elizabeth.

(II) William Clark, eldest son of Robert and
Letitia (Cochran) Clark, was born in London-
derry. In 1766 he settled in New Boston, where
his grandson, George W. Clark, lived one hundred
years later. "He was the only justice of the peace
in New Boston, and received his commission from
the British government ; he did not sympathize at
first with the patriots of the Revolution, and made
enemies therebJ^ But he was a man with whom his
fellow-citizens could not afford to be long angry.
As a surveyor of land he had no equal in the town ;
as an intelligent justice his services were of great
value. He was a just man, and sought to promote
peace and save the town and private parties from
litigation; he was employed in the service of the
town for a long session of years in almost every
capacity, and had the unbounded confidence of the
people." From 1766 to 1776 inclusive he was town
clerk ; and in 1766-67 he was one of the selectmen.
He was a member of the Presbyterian Church, and
lived and died a.s a Christian, and left a name that
will not soon be forgotten. He died March 9, 1808,
aged seventy-three. He married. February 2, 1764,
Anne Wallace, who was born in Londonderry, in

1736, and died in New Boston, June 12, 1792, aged
fifty-five. She was the daughter of John Wallace,
who came from county Antrim, Ireland, to London-
derry, in 1719 or 1720, and married Annie Barnett
on May 18, 1721, being the first couple married in
Londonderry. The children of William and Anne
were : Robert, John, Ninian, Rebecca, Anne and

(III) John Clark, second son and child of Wil-
liam and Anne (Wallace) Clark, was born in New
Boston, September 3, 1768, and died in Francestown,
February 12, 183 1, aged sixty-three. He settled in
the northerly portion of Hancock about the year
1792, on forest land which had been purchased for
him by his father. "He took to his forest life an
earnest nature and a resolute spirit, with more than
the ordinary culture of that day. In the winter he
taught in the district schools of the vicinity, and
having a good knowledge of music he often taught
a singing school. He was also a practical surveyor,
and had many calls for that kind of work. His
political sympathies were with the Federal party,
consequently he was not called upon to fill any im-
portant civil office; however, as a justice of the
peace he was widely and favorably known. He
early connected himself with the Congregational
Church, and was a consistent Christian and a liberal
supporter of religious institutions. In 1824 he sold
his farm, and two years later removed to Frances-
town, where he spent the remainder of his life."
He married, October 17, 1793, Rebecca Wallace, of
Londonderry. She was an intelligent Christian wo-
man, a true yoke-fellow and helper to her husband,
whom she survived a quarter of a century. After
his decease she, with her daughter, established a
home in Amherst, where she died in 1855, at the
age of eighty-three, leaving a fragrant memory.
Their children were: Annie Wallace, Samuel Wal-
lace, William, Oilman, Rebecca, John, Lydia Gor-
don, Letitia Rebecca, and Mary Abigail.

(IV) Rev. Samuel Wallace Clark, second child
and eldest son of John and Rebecca (Wallace)
Clark, was born in Hancock, December 15, 1795,
and died in Greenland, August 17, 1847, aged fifty-
two. He fitted for college at the academies at Han-
cock and New Ipswich, graduating from Dart-
mouth College in 1823 and from Andover Theologi-
cal Seminary in 1827. He was ordained pastor of
the Congregational Church in Greenland, to fill that
office until his death, after a useful and happy
pastorate of eighteen years. He married (first),
October 13, 1829, his cousin, Frances (Moor) Clark,
who was born in Hancock, 1832, daughter of Dea-
con Robert and Annie (Wallace) Clark, and grand-
daughter cf William and Ann (Wallace) Clark, of
this sketch. He married (second), Rebecca Eliza-
beth Howe, of Templeton, Massachusetts, a de-
scendant in the sixth generation from John Alden
and Priscilla Mullins. One child, Frances M. W.,
was born of the first marriage, and three of th?
second : John Howe, Lucy Barron, and William
Wallace, the latter dying at the age of twenty
months. Lucy Barron resided with her mother in

(V) John Howe Clark, eldest child and only
son of Rev. Samuel W. and Rebecca E. (Howe)
Clark, was born in Greenland, April 16, 1837.
After preparing at Kimball Academy, Plainfield, he
entered Dartmouth College, from which he was
graduated in 1857 with the degree of Bachelor of
Arts. Immediately afterward he entered the med-
ical department of Harvard College, from which he
received the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1862.

October 19, i86t, he was appointed assistant sur-



geon in the United States navy, and joined the
United States gimboat "Scioto," of the West Gulf
Blockading Squadron, under Admiral Farragut, in
^lay, 1862. He served on this' vessel on the Mis-
sissippi river and off the Texas coast until she was
sunk in a collision with the United States steam-
ship "Antona," below Forts Jackson and St. Philip,
in May, 1863. While on the "Scioto" he ascended
the Mississippi as far as Milliken's Bend, where
General Grant cut his famous canal in the siege
of Vicksburg. He accompanied Farragut's fleet
in its run past Vicksburg, and was in several minor
engagements on the lower Mississippi and off Gal-
veston, Texas. After the sinking of the "Scioto"
he was assistant surgeon in the temporary naval
hospital at New Orleans, which was located in a
hotel which had been appropriated for that pur-
pose. While there sixty cases of yellow fever were
admitted. Among them twenty deaths occurred,
in most of which cases necropsy was performed,
which afforded valuable experience to the doctor
who has since had occasion to treat the disease.
In June, 1864, he left New Orleans and reported
at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where he remained
until the following May and then joined the United
States ship "Mohongo," which soon after reported
on the Pacific station, touching on the voyage
thither at St. Thomas, Barbadoes, Natal, Bahia, Rio
de Janeiro, Montevideo, and passing through the
Straits of Magellan. While at Valparaiso he wit-
nessed the bombardment of that city by the Spanish
fleet. In 1866, during the attempt of Maximilian,
supported by the French, to make himself emperor
of Mexico., the "Mohongo"' visited the Bay of Aca-
pulco, the bay and city of that name being held
by the French land and naval forces. A forced
loan was about to be exacted of all foreigners in
Acapulco. but the presence of the "Mohongo" pre-
vented it. After almost three years' service on the
waters of the Pacific, the cruise terminated at Mare
Island Navy Yard, in May, 1867, and Dr. Clark
was assigned to duty on board the receiving ship
"Vandalia," at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, where
he was stationed until 1870.

May 14. 1867, he received his commission as
surgeon. In 1870 and the two following years he
served on the United States steamer "Alaska," on
the Asiatic station, going and returning by way
of Cape of Good Hope, touching at Cape Town,
South Africa, the Comoro Islands and Singapore,
on the Straits of Malacca. While in China he vis-
ited Hong Kong, Foochow, Ningpo, Shanghai,
Chinkiang, Kinkiang, Hankow. Cheafoo, and New-
chang. In Japan he visit Yokohama. Tokio, or
Yesso, Nagasaki. Kobe. Osaka and Yokaska. At
Osaka he witnessed the opening of the mint for
coining the first Japanese gold and silver currency,
and at Yokaska he saw the opening of the first
dry dock of Japan, a, basin cut in the solid rock.
In 1871 the "Alaska" and three other United States
war vessels paid a visit to Korea, the "hermit na-
tion," where a fruitless attempt was made to open
that country to the commerce of white nations.

Having returned to the United States in 1873,
Dr. Clark spent the years 1874 ^"d 1875 chiefly as
senior assistant medical officer in the naval hos-
pital at Chelsea, Massachusetts, and the three sub-
sequent years on the United States ship "New
Hampshire," at Port Royal, South Carolina, where
that vessel went to prepare the way for the estab-
lishment of a naval station which has since been
begun there.. From 1878 to 1883 he was attached
to the receiving ship "Wabash," at the Boston Navy
Yard. Twice during that time he was temporaarily

detached to serve as a member of the naval exam-
ining hoard sitting at Philadelphia for the examina-
tion of candidates for the position of assistant and
past assistant surgeons in the navy.

In 1884 and 1885 he was fleet surgeon of the
Pacific Squadron, attached to the flagship "Hart-
ford,''_ cruising between Valparaiso, Chile, and San
Francisco, making one visit during that time to
Honolulu, in the island of Hawaii. June 8, 1887,
he was made medical inspector. In 1886 and 1887
he was on special duty in Portsmouth. New
Hampshire, and in 18SS and 1889 was
again a member of the naval medical ex-
amining board. In 1890 he went in the United
States steamer "Baltimore" to Stockholm, Sweden,
with the remains of the Swedish inventor, John
Ericsson, the designer and builder of the "Moni-
itor," which vanquished the rebel ironclad "Merri-
mac" and revolutionized modern naval warfare.
Marked civilities were extended to the ship's ofiicers
by the Swedish King, and his court, and medals
commemorative of the occasion were presented to
the officers and crew. After accomplishing the pri-
mary object of her cruise the "Baltimore" visited
Copenhagen. Gibraltar, Spezia, Nice and Toulon.
AVhile at Toulon the "Baltimore" was ordered to
Valparaiso, Chile, to watch the progress of a rev-
olution _ and protect American interests there.
While in Valparaiso the capture of the city by rev-
olutionists w^as witnessed by the people of the" "Bal-
timore." In 1892 Dr. Clark returned to the United
States with the "Baltimore," and from May, 1892,
to May. 189s, he was president of the nava'l board
of medical examiners; and from the later date to
]\Iay. 1898, he was in charge of the naval hospital
at Chelsea, Massachusetts. . During the service
there aseptic operating, chemical, bacteriological
and microscopic rooms were installed and steam
disinfector introduced. From the date last men-
tioned to April, 1899. he was a member of the nava
retiring board at Washington, District of Columbia.
April 16, 1899, having attained the age limit of thi
United States navy. Dr. Clark was placed on th(
retired list, and since that time has resided at Am-
herst, New Hampshire.

After a period of thirtv-seven years of servici
in the United States navy, Dr. Clark is still in the
enjoyment of the .mental and physical vigor that
usually characterize men who number fewer years
than he does. His life has be?n spent in the ser-
vice of a great free country whose institutions it
is a satisfaction to him to have assisted in main-
taining when the integrity of the nation was threat-
ened, and in perpetuating since it entered upon the
unparalelled period of prosperity it has enjoyed
since the suppression of the Rebellion.

This famih', which is numerous in
FERNALD New England and represented by

individuals in all the states of the
Union, enjoys the peculiar distinction of being de-
scended from one of the earliest pioneers, who was
the first physician to settle in New Hampshire.
This name has been locally known in Merrimac
county for more than one hundred fifty years, and
today stands among the most trusted in this region
The family has produced many members who have,
filled positions of trust and bore reputations for in-
tegrity and fidelity in all matters committed to

(I) Dr. Reginald (or Renald) Fernald came
from England in Captain John Mason's company,
and settled in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, about
1630, and was the first physician to settle in the



state. He held the offices of register of deeds and
probate, town clerk at Portsmouth, and was a law-
yer and commissioner. He died in 1856. His chil-
dren were: Thomas, Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah, John,
Samuel, and William. (Mention of John and Wil-
liam and descendants follows in this article).

(H) Thomas, eldest child of Reginald Fernald,
was born about 1633, in Portsmouth. In 1645 he
leased from the agent of Sir Fernando Gorges,
Puddington's Islands, and it seems that he subse-
quently purchased at least one of them, for he
deeded this to his brother William in 1671, "for
the fulfilling of the last Will of our Dere father
Renald Firnald." The inventory of his property
was returned August 25, 1697, from which it would
appear that he was then deceased. The larger of
his two islands, afterwards known as Seavey's
Island, was divided by his widow, November 20,
1702, among the surviving children. Only her
Christian name is preserved, viz: Temperance.
Their children were: John, Ann, Patience,
Thomas. Mary, Samuel, Joanna, Sarah, Hercules,
and Elizabeth.

(III) Hercules, fourth son and ninth child of
Thomas and Temperance Fernald, was born about
1680, and was a shipwright, residing in or near
Portsmouth. He married Sarah, daughter of Hon.
John and Elizabeth (Fryer) Hincks, of Newcastle.
He died before 1731, and his widow was still living
in 1746. Their children were: John, Jane, and Sa-

(IV) Jane, elder daughter and second child of
Hercules and Sarah (Hincks) Fernald, was born
about 1720, and became the first wife of Samuel
Gunnison, of Kittery. (See Gunnison, IV).

(II) John, second son of Dr. Reginald Fern-
ald, married Mary Spinney. Their children were:
John, James, Thomas, and others.

(III) Thomas, son of John Fernald, married
Mary Thompson, November 28, 1700. Their chil-
dren were: William, Lydia, Hannah, INIary, Mar-
gery, Thomas and Abram.

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) and
Marv (Thompson) Fernald, born March 3, 1717,
married (first), Mary Scroggins, December 30,
1738. They had one child, Benjamin. Thomas
Fernald married (second), Sarah Fernald, prior
to May, 1747. She was the daughter of Hercules
Fernald, who was a son of Thomas Fernald and
wife Temperance, the latter Thomas being a son
of Dr. Reginald Fernald. The children of Thomas
and Sarah Fernald were : Mary, Archelaus, Dimond,
Renald, and Robert. Thomas Fernald married
Grace Remich and their children were: Hannah,
Nancy, and Sarah.

(V) Dimond, son of Thomas and Sarah Fer-
nald, born April 2, 1750, in Loudon, New Hamp-
shire, married Margery (or Margaret) Fernald,
born in Kittery, Maine, June 20, 1758. He was a
farmer and his life was passed in his native town.
Their children were: Sarah, Polly, Nabby. Thomas,
David, Robert, Josiah. Comfort, Rachel, Eunice,
Susan, John, Dimond, Chase and Charlotte. (Men-
tion of Josiah and descendants forms part of this

article). ,,.,,.

(VI) Thomas, eldest son and fourth child of
Dimond and Margaret Fernald, was born May 27,
1783, in Loudon, and died July I9._ 1862, in Loudon,
where he was a farmer. He married Polly Blanch-
ard, who was born October 28, 1786, and died Sep-
tember 26, 1870, in Loudon. Their children were:
Seth, John, Nancy, Ruth Y., Harriet N. and

(VII)' Adelia C, youngest child of Thomas and

Polly (Blanchard) Fernald, was born March 21,
182S, in Loudon, and died October 2, 1906, in Can-
terbury. She became the wife of Thompson Beck,
of Canterbury. (See Beck, VI).

(VI) Josiah, seventh child of Dimond and Mar-
garet (Fernald) Fernald, was born December 20,
1788, in the town of Loudon. He married, July 9,
1816, Sophia Eastman, daughter of Jacob and Abi-
gail (Kimball) Eastman, born July 7, 1799. Her
father was a soldier in the Revolution (see East-

Online LibraryEzra S StearnsGenealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation (Volume 4) → online text (page 137 of 149)