Ezra S Stearns.

Genealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation (Volume 4) online

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young tillers of the soil, and Mr. Leavitt is now one
of the foremost farmers in his town and resides on
the old homestead. In politics he is a Democrat ;
and in religion a Methodist. He married first,

Elizabeth Thompson, and (second), Hannah .

By the first wife he had two children : Abigail, who
married Benjamin Woodman; and Nancy, who mar-
ried Frank Wilkerson.

This family, very numerously repre-
CLOUGH sented in New Hampshire, is among
the earliest of the state and among the
most widely distributed therein. It is among the
first established in Massachusetts and has furnished
many leading citizens in both states, as well as in
other sections of the United States.

(I) John Clough (sometimes spelled Clufif) was
a house carpenter, residing in Salisbury, Massachu-
setts, and is supposed to have come from England,
in the ship "Elizabeth," in 1635. He received land
in the first division at Salisbury and again in 1640,
and was a commoner and taxpayer in 1650, and he
subscribed to the oath of fidelity in that year. He
was born about 1613, and died July 26, 1691, in
Salisbury. His will was made on the third day of
the same mouth, and was proven in the succeeding
November. His first wife, Jane, died January 16,
1680, in Salisbury, and he married (second), Jan-
uary 15. 1686, Martha Cilley. She survived him and
was living in 1692. His children were : Elizabeth,
Mary, Sarah, John, Thomas, Martha and Samuel.
(Mention of Thomas and descendants occurs in this

(H) John (2), eldest son and third child of
John (I) and Jane Clough, was born March 9, 1649,
in Salisbury, where he was a yeoman, and sub-
scribed to the oath of allegiance and fidelity in 1677.
He was on record as a freeman in 1699, and his
death occurred April 19, 1718. His will was made
more than three years previously. He was married,
November 13, 1674, in Salisbury, to Alercy, daughter
of John and Mary (Marsh) Page, pioneers of Hing-
ham and Haverhill. She was born April i, 1655,
in Haverhill, and died January 25, 1719, in Salis-
bury. She was admitted to the Salisbury church
September 6, 1691. Her will was made in May,
1718, and proven in May of the following year.
Their children were : Benoni, Mary, John, Cor-
nelius, Caleb, Joseph, Sarah, Jonathan, Mercy,
Aaron and Tabitha. (Mention of Aaron and de-
scendants appears in this article.)

(HI) Joseph, fifth son and sixth child of John
(2) and Mercy (Page) Clough, was born October
14, 1684, in Salisbury, and died October 12, 1732,
in Kingston, New Hampshire. He was a cord-
wainer by occupation, and was a resident of Kings-
ton as early as 171 1. He was of the constituent
members of the church there in 1725, when the Rev.
Ward Clark took charge, and his wife Mary was
admitted March 20, 1726. They lost a child Sep-
tember 9, 1727, name not given in the Kingston
church records. The inventory of his estate was
made November 23, 1732, and it was divided in Janu-
ary, 1736, at Concord. He was married, August
II, 1708, to Mary Jenness, who died October 11,
1732. A memoranda in the church records of Kings-
ton indicates that they were the parents of ten chil-
dren. The names of the following are found:
Ezra, Mazey, Joseph (died young), Joseph, Mary,
Obadiah, Tabitha, Elizabeth, Love and Reuben.
(The last named receives mention, with descend-
ants, in this article.)

(IV) Joseph (2), second son and third child

of Joseph (i) Clough, was born July 4, 1717, in
Kingston, and had a large family.

(V) Jacob, youngest child of Joseph (2) Clough,,
was born 1753, and settled in Hopkinton, New
Hampshire, and is supposed to be the father of
John Clough.

(VI) John Clough was a soldier and died at
Portsmouth, about 1819. He married Polly Boyce^
who died in Enfield, about 1858. They resided for
a short time in a log house in the C3tterville dis-
trict of New London, and had two sons. The
first, John, was born in New London, January 31,
1801, and became an eminent physician, practicing
for half a century in Enfield and Lebanon. Polly
Boyce was a daughter of Lieutenant Peggy and
Jeanette Boyce, of Scotch-Irish lineage, from Lon-
donderry, Ireland. Their family bible printed in
Edinburgh in 1728, is now treasured by their great-
grandson, General Joseph M. Clough, of New Lon-
don. Lieutenant Boyce held a commission in the
war of the revolution, and served at Bunker HilL
and was with Stark at Bennington.

(VII) Hugh Boyce, second son of John and
Polly (Boyce) Clough, was born in 1802, in Sun-
apee. New Hampshire, and in 1840 became a resi-
dent of New London, where he had a farm of three
hundred acres. He was strong and active in pro-
moting the cause of human liberty, and was an as-
sociate in the agitation against slavery of such,
men as Garrison, Phillips and Pillsbury. He enter-
tained Frederick Douglass at his home in 1842. He
often served as a town officer, and died at New-
London, July 27, 1887, at the age of about eighty-
five years. He was married, in 1827, to Hannah,
daughter of Zaccheus and Hannah (Hutchins)
Messer. She was born November 8, 1808, in New
London, and died March 14, 1888. Zaccheus Mes-
ser was a son of Lieutenant Samuel and Sarah
(Howe) Messer, and was born December 6, 1770,.
and died January i, 1855, in New London. Zac-
cheus and Hannah Messer were the parents of ten
children, of , whom Hannah was the ninth. Hugh
B. Clough and wife were the parents of a son and
daughter, Joseph and Hannah A. The last named
died before the completion of her fifteenth year.

(VIII) Joseph Mosser, only son of Hugh B. and
Hannah (Messer) Clough, was born Jun 15. 1828,
in Sunapee, New Hampshire, and was reared from
the age of twelve years in New London. His edu-
cation was chiefly supplied by the common schools,
and he spent six months at Norwich University,
Vermont, under John Rawson. For three winters
he taught in the district schools. After living
a few years in Enfield, New Hampshire, he re-
moved in 1848 to Manchester, this state, where he
was employed as a machinist, and later was at Sun-
cook and Lowell, in the latter place having charge
of the spinning room of the Hamilton corporation for
three years. Li 1854 he returned to Manchester, and
held a' similar position in the Amoskeag mills. In the
hard times of 1857 he took up his residence at New
London temporarily, and there engaged in cutting out
the lumber for the addition to the meeting house.
His fondness for military affairs seemed innate,

• and began to be apparent at very early age. At
Enfield he was adjutant and captain in the mili-
tia, and at Manchester rose from the ranks to be
commander of the City Guard. While at Lowell
he was a member of the City Guard, commanded
by Benjamin F. Butler. It is easy to believe that
the son of such sires would be eager to fly to the
defense of his country in the hour of danger. On
April 26, 1861, he was enrolled as a private in the




First New Hampshire Volunteers, and four days
later was appointed lieutenant of Company H. On
September 10 of the same year he re-enlisted in
the Fourth Regiment, and was appointed captain
of Company H. He continued in active service
until the close of the war, and was engaged in
numerous severe battles, including Pocotaligo,
Morris Island, Siege of Forts Wagner and Sumter,
Petersburg, Bermuda Hundred, Drewry's Bluff,
Weir Bottom Church, Cold Harbor. Hatcher's Run,
Deep Run, Petersburg Mine, Fort Stedman, and
the capture of Petersburg, in March, 1865. He was
wounded in the mine explosion at Petersburg, July
30, 1864, and was discharged September 17 fol-
lowing. In less than a month after this discharge
he accepted a commission as lieutenant-colonel of
the Tenth Regiment, and was the first in command
of a regiment until Colonel Liverm'ore was com-
missioned in January, 1865. In the night attack
of Fort Stedman, March 29, 1865, Colonel Clough
was again wounded, but continued in the active dis-
charge of his duty until he was mustered out July
29, 1865. Following his wound h-e was breveted
brigadier-general on recommendation by General
O. B. Wilcox, then commanding the First Divis-
ion, Ninth Army Corps, and received his commis-
sion at Washington. He was also recommended by
General Wilcox and Senator Daniel Clark for ap-
pointment as first lieutenant in the regular army,
and passed the required military examination, but
his determination to continue in the service was
changed because of broken health, and he did not
accept the commission. At the close of the war
General Clough returned to New London, and for
thirteen years was employed in the United States
railway service, running out of Boston to Lancas-
ter and Saint Albans, Vermont. For seven years
from 1877 to 1884 he was commander of the first
brigade of the New Hampshire National Guard.
He represented the town in the legislature in 1866,
and filled the unexpired term of Edwin P. Burpee
in 1897. In 1881-2, he represented his district in
the state senate. He has a delightful home on Main
street, in the village of New London, in which is
stored many valuable relics and heirlooms. In the
list of interesting and highly treasured of these is
the headquarters flag, the second one floated in
Petersburg after its capture.

He was married, September 7, 1849, to Abiah
Bucklin, who was born October 22, 1828, in Graf-
ton, New Hampshire, daughter of Charles and
Choice (Cole) Bucklin, and died December 17,
1873, General Clough was married (second), Sep-
tember 13. 1874, to Cornelia Goss (Smith) Chase,
daughter of William P. and Rhoda (Spooner) Smith.
and widow of Henry Chase. Her daughter, Minnie
Chase, who was born November 10, 1868, was ten-
derly reared in the family of her stepfather, like
his own. She was educated at Colby Academy, and
taught in the district schools until her marriage
to George K. Burleigh, of Tilton. General Clough's
children were: Ella A., who died of tyhpoid fever
in her second year, Charles B. and William P.
The elder son was a resident of Boston, ^lassachu-
setts, where he is held a responsible position, and
the younger, William P., born September 13, 1879,
married, September 7, 1905. Bertha Roos, daugh-
ter of Walter and Harriet (Rice) Roos. of Rox-
bury, Massachusetts. William P. studied medicine
in the medical department of Dartmouth College.
His wife is a graduate of the Emerson School of

(IV) Reuben, youngest child of Joseph and Marv
iv— 28

Clough, resided in that part of Kingston which is
now Sandown, and was a voter in the election of
September 24, 1764, which resulted in a division of
the town. He was married in Kingston, December
5, 1744, to Love Sanborn, born June 10, 1726, in
Kingston, a daughter of Jonathan (2) and Theo-
date (Sanborn) "Sanborn," of that town. Jona-
than (2) Sanborn was a son of Captain Jonathan
(i) and Elizabeth (Sherburne) Sanborn, of Kings-
ton, and grandson of Lieutenant John Sanborn, of
Hampton (see Sanborn). Reuben Clough was
among the early residents at Schoodac in the town
of Warner, New Hampshire.

(V) Joseph (2), son of Reuben and Love
Sanbourn Clough, was born in Sandown, 1751,
and removed with his father to Warner, where he
resided. He was a patriot soldier in the Revolu-
tionary war, and the records show that Joseph
Clough, of Warner, aged twenty-six, was a soldier
in Captain Gordon Hutching's companj^ Colonel
Stark's regiment, in 1775, and was present at the
battle of Bunker Hill. His name is on the pay roll
of Captain Hutching's company, Colonel John
Stark's regiment, date August i, 1775, where it ap-
pears that Joseph Clough, of Warner, private, en-
listed J\Iay 4, 1775, and had served three months
and five days. October 4, 1778, Joseph Clough, of
Warner, of Captain Hutching's company. Colonel
Stark's regiment, received $4 for regimental coat.
Joseph Clough acted as company clerk during his
term of service. In the later years of his life he
drew a pension from the government.

(VI) Joseph (3), son of Joseph (2) Clough,
was born in Warner, November 24, 1793. and died
there January 15, 1859. He was a farmer. He
married Jane Evans, daughter of Benjamin Evans.

(VII) Joseph Augustus, son of Joseph (3) and
Jane (Evans) Clough, was born in Warner, July
31, 1834, and died there December 24, 1887. He was
a farmer and carpenter, and resided all his life in
Warner. He married Julia Ann Edmonds, who
was born in Sutton, daughter of John R. and Judith
(Harvey) Edmonds of Sutton, who were the par-
ents of five other children, namely : Jackson,
George, Daniel. Helen and Dussilla. Mr. and Mrs.
Clough were the parents of two children : George
McClellan, see forward, and Persis J., residing in
Boston, IMassachusetts, unmarried. Mrs. Clough
resides in Newport, Rhode Island, and is a member
of the Baptist Church.

(VIII) George ]\IcClellan, eldest child and only
son of Joseph A. and Julia Ann (Edmonds")
Clough, was born in Warner, May 28, 1863. He re-
ceived his education in the common schools of
Warner, and at the Simond's free high school, sup-
plemented by private instruction, and as a student
he was diligent and attentive. He gave his atten-
tion to surveying and teaching. In the former oc-
cupation he performed considerable work in War-
ner and adjoining towns, and followed the latter
vocation six years, the first two being spent in the
common schools of Wagner, the next two at Can-
terbury, and the last two at Tilton. In 1888 he be-
came an agent of the Penn Mutual Life Insurance
Company, and for eighteen years was in busines in
Boston, where he achieved signal success. For a
dozen or more years he has been interested in
Christian Science, as taught by Mary B. G. Eddy,
and as a result of his study and proof of its effi-
cacy as a healing agent and benefactor to mankind
he has abandoned all other business and adopted
the profession of a Christian Science practitioner.
He has prepared a work on life insurance for use

1 684


in public schools and colleges: this has now been
incorporated in a commercial arithmetic published
by Ginn & Company, which is in use in the public
and commercial schools of a number of states. He
has also frequently contributed articles on insur-
ance for various publications. ^Ir. Clough early
became aC^ive in the New Hampshire Patrons of
Husbandry, and was for two years president of the
Somerville Sons and Daughters of New Hamp-
shire. He is the present president of the Simond's
Free High School Association of Warner. He re-
sides in Somerville, and is a member of the First
Church of Christ, Scientist. Mr. Clough married
(first), 1887, Anna G. Gale, of Canterbury, New
Hampshire, daughter of Eliphalet and ]Mary J. Gale,
and three children were born to them : Gertrude
G., Portia E. and Alaurice J. Mrs. Clough died
in 1903. Mr. Clough married (second), 1905, Fran-
cesc W. Riley, daughter of James E. and Kathrinc
Whitney Riley, of Plattsburg, New York, and they
are the parents of one daughter, Kathryn.

(HI) Aaron Clough, eleventh child and second
son of John (2) and Marcy (Page) Clough, was
born in Salisbury, Massachusetts, December 16,
1695, baptized August 4, 1700, and died January
20, 1 781. His wife Abigail died January 26, 1743.
aged forty-six years.

(IV) Simon, son of Aaron and Abigail Clough,
was born about 1740, and was killed at the battle
of Bennington, in August, 1777. He settled in Gil-
manton, New Hampshire, in 1775, at or about which
time several other members of his family came to
the locality. He was one of the four Cloughs who
signed the test act passed by congress in 1776,
while two others of the same family name were
among those who dissented from that affirmation
on the ground of consciencious scruples against de-
fending their country with arms. Simon Clough
was a private in Captain Nathaniel Wilson's com-
pany of Colonel Thomas Stickney's regiment in
General John Stark's brigade from July 22, 1877,
and was one of seven men from Gilmanton who were
killed in battle at Bennington. He married, and
among his children were three sons, Jonathan, Per-
ley and Joseph Clough.

(V) Joseph, youngest child of Simon Clough,
was born at Seabrook, New Hampshire. 1772. He
married and had eleven children, Charles. Simon,
Judith, Joseph, Rebecca, Nehemiah, Parmelia,
Moses. Mary. Isaiah and Jonathan Clough.

(VI) Nehemiah. sixth child of Joseph Clough,
was born in Gilmanton, New Hampshire, and died
in that town, 1850. He was a soldier from Gilman-
ton in the second war with Great Britain, and af-
ter returning from service was a farmer in his na-
tive town. He married Sarah Rovve, who was born,
1796. and died in 1864. Their children were Phebe
R.. Alary P.. Lewis O., Elvira, John P., Sarah B.,
Julia and Albert N. Clough.

(VII) John P., fifth child and second son of
Nehemiah and Sarah (Rowe) Clough. was born
in Gilmanton, November 6. 1824, and died in that
town October 12, 1893. During his young man-
hood he gave considerable attention to school teach-
ing in the winter seasons, but his principal occu-
pation was farming. He was a man of influence in
town affairs, a consistent member of the Congre-
gationalist Church, and was a member of the school
lioard before the town of Belmont was set off from
the territory of Gilmanton. He married. February
7. 1850, Tamson Hayes Winckley (see Winckley),
who was born April 25. 1824, and died December
24. 1874, daughter of Francis and Sally (Lougee)
Winckley of Strafford, New Hampshire, and by

whom he had four children, Elbridge G., Nahum
O., Russell W. and Martha Clough. (See Winck-
ley, VI).

(VIII) Elbridge G., eldest child of John P. and
Tamson Hayes (Winckley) Clough, was born in
Gilmanton. New Hampshire, January 13, 1852, and
for more than twenty-five years had been numbered
with the substantial and influential men of that
town. His early education was received in pub-
lic schools of Gilmanton and New Hampton Acad-
emy, and after leaving school he went to Manches-
ter, New Hampshire, and found employment in a
mill in that city. At the end of about three years
he returned home and took the management of his
father's old farm, and also for about ten years car-
ried on a meat business in the town. Still later
he operated the mail and passenger stage line be-
tween Gilmanton and Alton, New Hampshire, and
also engaged in lumbering and teaming. Mr.
Clough"s present farm comprises one hundred and
fifty acres and is one of the best cultivated farms
in Gilmanton, complete in all its appointments in
respect to buildings, stock and management. In
addition to farming he is engaged in various other
enterprises of a business character, and for many
years has been an important factor in the political
history of the town, always on the Democratic side.
On occasion he has stood as his party candidate
for office and in 1896 was defeated for the legisla-
ture, the town being generally safely Republican,
although the plurality against him at that time was
only thirteen votes. However, in 1903 he was again
nominated, and was elected to a seat in the lower
linuse of the state legislature. Mr. Clough is a
charter member and past master of Crystal Lake
Grange of Gilmanton Iron Works and in various
other ways is and for many years has been identi-
fied with the best interests and history of his town.
He married, December 25, 1873, Emma S. Sar-
gent, who was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, Feb-
ruary 20, 1852, daughter of Albert P. and Hannah
Sargent, and has seven children, all sons : John,
Page, Guy Sargent, Russell Walton, William Ev-
erett, Albert Dexter, Clarence Francis and Carl
Grosvernor Clough.

(II) Thomas, second son and fifth child of John
and Jane Clough, was born May 29, 1651, in Salis-
bury, Massachusetts, and resided in that town. He
subscribed to the oath of allegiance and fidelity in
1677, and was a soldier in the defensive army of the
period. With his second wife he was admitted to
the Salisbury church, July 27. 1718. He was styled
"yeoman" in 1730, and was probably still living as
late as 1738. He was married, March 10, 1680, in
Salisbury to Hannah, daughter of Samuel Gile.
She died December 22, 1683, and he was married
(second), in 1687, to Ruth, daughter of Cornelius
and Sarah Connor of Salisbury. His children
were : Samuel, Thomas, Jeremiah, Ebenezer (died
young). Ebenezer. Zaccheus. Isaac, Rebecca, Han-
nah. Judith and Martha. (Thomas and Zaccheus
and descendants receive notice in this article).

(III) Samuel, eldest child of Thomas and Han-
nah (Dyer) Clough, was born December 5. 1680,
in Salisbury and resided in that town. He was
called "Sergeant Samuel," probably because of his
services in the militia. He died in August, 1728,
in his forty-eighth year. _ His wife's Christian name
w-as Sarah, but her family name is not discovered.
She was married (second), IVTarch 25, 1730, at the
second Salisbury church, to Ezekiel Morrill, who
died soon after and she was married (third), Jan-
uary 10, 1734. at the same church to Captain Joseph
Taylor, of Hampton. She was living in 1755. Ser-




geant Cluugli's children were : Theophilus, Eli-
phalet, Hannah, Abigail. Samuel, Daniel (died
young), Daniel, Sarah, Mehitabel and Miriam.
(.Daniel and descendants receive mention in this

(IV) Theophilus, eldest son of Samuel and Sa-
rah Clough, was born in Salisbury, Massachusetts,
November 28, 1703, and was baptized October 19,
1718, at Salisbury Church. He settled in Kingston,
New Hampshire, where he was living in 1755. He
married at Salisbury (second church), January 4,
1728, Sarah P'rench. Many settlers in Salisbury,
New Hampshire, Enfield and vicinity were from
Kingston and vicinity. Both the Clough and French
families were represented in the settlers at Enfield
directly after the Revolution.

(V) Theophilus (2), son of Theophilus (i)
and Sarah (French) Clough, was born about 1730.
He was a soldier in the Revolution, stationed in
1777 at Fort Washington, and in 1778 took part in
the Rhode Island expedition in Captain Joseph
Dearborn's company (Chester), Colonel ^Nloses
Nichols's regiment. He signed a petition of the
noncommissioned officers and privates at Fort
Washington in 1777 praying for relief from inade-
quate pay, etc. Just after the war he settled in
Enfield, New Hampshire. According to the federal
census of 1790 there were besides himself two adult
men in his family and one son under sixteen ; also
five females (probably four were daughters). Chil-
dren: I. Richard, was married and had a family
in Enfield in 1790. 2. Henry, mentioned below.
Another son and four daughters .unknown.

(VI) Henry, son of Theophilus Clough, was
born about 1775. He removed in his youth to
Enfield, New Hampshire, with the family. His wife
was probably a Currier. In 1790 we find in Enfield
with families Theophilus, Richard and Jonathan
Currier. Henry Clough married and had a son,
Theophilus Currier, mentioned below.

(VII) Theophilus Currier, son of Henry Clough,
was born about 1800 in Tamworth, New Hampshire,
where his parents were then living. He was edu-
cated in the district schools of his native town. He
operated a woolen mill at Enfield, New Hampshire,
for a number of years. When gold was discovered
in California he disposed of his business and set
out for the new El Dorado with the "Forty-niners."
He fell ill on the w^ay and died on the Isthmus of
Panama. He was a member of the Universalist
Church, and an earnest advocate of temperance re-
forms. In politics he was a Whig. Children : Ed-
win A., Angelina B., Emily, Warren Currier, men-
tioned below.

(VIII) Warren Currier, son of Theophilus
Currier Clough, was born in Enfield, New Hamp-
shire, September 25, 1843. He was educated in
the public schools of his native town. His father
died when he was only six years old and he had
to rely largely upon his own efforts for advance-
ment. He engaged in business on his own account
in 1869, as a merchant, dealing in boots and shoes
and small wares, in Enfield. He enjoyed a large and
thriving business for many years, retiring finally in
1906. He was a member of the Enfield Universalist
Church ; of Social Lodge, No. 50, Free Masons,
of Enfield; of St. Andrews Royal Arch Chapter,
of Lebanon, New Hampshire; Washington Council,
No. 10, Royal and Select Masters; Mount Horeb
Commandery, Knights Templar, of Concord. New
Hampshire, and Bektash Temple, Mystic Shrine, of
Concord, New Hampshire. He is also a member of
Titigaw Tribe, No. 38, Independent Order of Red
]Men, of Enfield. In politics he is a Republican,

Online LibraryEzra S StearnsGenealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation (Volume 4) → online text (page 42 of 149)