F. (François) Arago.

Biographies of distinguished scientific men (Volume 2) online

. (page 38 of 38)
Online LibraryF. (François) AragoBiographies of distinguished scientific men (Volume 2) → online text (page 38 of 38)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


NOTE BY W. FAIRBAIRN, F.R.S. F.G.S. 485

Nominal Power of living

Engines. Horse-power. Horses required to do

the same work.
283 for pumping and blowing 11,247X4 44,988

805 rotative . . .12,618X3 37,854

76 boat engines . . 2,080X3 6,240



1,164 25,945 89,082



"And between January 1824 and January 1854, the num-
bers are the following : —

34 for pumping and blowing 2,403X4 9,612

164 rotative . . . 7,517X3 22,551

243 boat engines . .15,358X3 46,074



441 25,278 78,237



" Giving the following total numbers : —




1,164 25,945


89,082


441 . . • . . 25,278


78,237



1,605 51,223 167,319



" The first engine seems to have been made for Bedworth,
in 1776."

It will be noticed that for pumping engines the nominal
horse-power is multiplied by four to give the real horse-power
required to do the same work in the same time ; and this is
on the supposition that a horse can work only six hours a day,
whilst the engine can work twenty-four. But in rotative en-
gines an allowance has been made in the above table for loss
of power in the action of the crank, &c. as compared with the
direct action in the other case, and the nominal horse-power
is multiplied by three only.

Perhaps it would be more accurate to suppose that a horse
can work for eight hours out of the twenty-four ; but at the same
time to multiply the nominal horse-power by two, because



486 JAMES WATT.

each indicated horse-power of the engine = 33,000 lbs. raised
one foot high per minute, is at least twice as much as its
nominal power, or twice as much as an ordinary horse could
work up to. We shall then find that it would require no less
than 250,974 living horses to perform the work of the engines
constructed by Messrs. Boulton and Watt up to January
1854.

One of Watt's fellow labourers should hardly be passed over
in any statement connected with the steam-engine ; we allude
to the late Mr. William Murdock, whose vast practical knowl-
edge was employed in carrying out the designs of Watt for
upwards of half a century. Mr, Murdock directed the appli-
cation of the new steam-engines to drain the water of the
Cornish mines. In order to adapt that moving power to ex-
hausting pumps, and to establish the system in mines of
extreme depth inundated by appalling quantities of water,
great skill in practical mechanics was requisite. Mr. Murdock
showed that he had sufficient resources of genius and wisdom
of experience to triumph over every difficulty. He was the
introducer of the system of lighting by coal gas, and for his
paper on that subject sent to the Royal Society he received
the Rumford gold medal. He was also the patentee of some
new methods of constructing steam-engines, &c., and his sug-
gestions often enriched the Soho machinery. We have there-
fore great pleasure in bearing testimony to the merits of one
of our first practical mechanics, the able assistant and coadju-
tor of James Watt.

W. F.



THE END.



Q^ Any books in this list will be sent free of postage, on receipt
of price.



Boston, 135 Washington Steeet,
Janoart, 1859.

A LIST OF BOOKS

PUBLISHED BY

TICKNOR AND FIELDS.



Sir Walter Scott.

Illustrated Household Edition of the Waver-

LEY Novels. In portable size, 16mo. form. Price 75 cents a
volume.

The paper is of fine quality; the stereotype plates are not old
ones repaired, the type having been cast expressly for this edi-
tion. The Novels are illustrated with capital steel plates en-
graved in the best manner, after drawings and paintings by the
most eminent artists, among whom are Birket Foster, Darley,
Billings, Landseer, Harvey, and Faed. This Edition contains
all the latest notes and corrections of the author, a Glossary and
Index ; and some curious additions, especially in " Guy Man-
nering" and the "Bride of Lammermoor;" being the fullest
edition of the Novels ever published. The notes are at the foot
of the page, — a great convenience to the reader.



Any of the following Novels sold separate.

Waverlet, 2 vols. St. Ronan's Well, 2 vols.

Gtrr MANNERrxG, 2 vols. Redgauntlet, 2 vols.

The Antiquary, 2 vols. The Betrothed, } 2 vols

Rou Kor, 2 vols. The Highland AVidow, )

Old Mortality, 2 vols. The Talisman, 1

Black Dwarf, ) 9 .,, Two Drovers, |

Legend op Montrose, ) "^ Mr AnNT Margaret's Mirror, [-2 vols.

Heart op Mid Lothian, 2 vols. The Tapestried Chamber, I

Bride of Lammermoor, 2 vols. The Laird s Jock. J

IVANHOE, 2 vols. Woodstock, 2 vols.

The Monastery, 2 vols. The Fair Maid op Perth, 2 vols.

The Abbot, 2 vols. Anne op Geierstein, 2 vols.

Kenilworth, 2 vols. Count Robert of Paris, 2 vols.

The Pirate, 2 vols. The Surgeon's Daughter, J

The Fortunes op Nigel, 2 vols. Castle Dangerous, S 2 vols.

Peveril of the Peak, 2 vols. Index and Glossary. )

Quentin Dcrward, 2 vols.



2 A Lia of Books Publifhed
Thomas De Ouincey.

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater, and Sus-

PIRIA DE Pkofundis. With Portrait. 75 cents.
Biographical Essays. 75 cents.
Miscellaneous Essays. 75 cents.
The C^sars. 75 cents.
Literary Reminiscences. 2 vols. $1.50.
Narrative and Miscellaneous Papers. 2 vols. $1.50.
Essays on the Poets, &c. 1 vol. 16mo. 75 cents.
Historical and Critical Essays. 2 vols. $1.50.
Autobiographic Sketches. 1 vol. 75 cents.
Essays on Philosophical Writers, &c. 2 vols. 16mo.

$1.50.
Letters to a Young Man, and other Papers. 1 vol.

75 cents.
Theological Essays and other Papers. 2 vols.

$1.50.

The Note Book. 1 vol. 75 cents.

Memorials and other Papers. 2 vols. IGmo. $1.50.

Alfred Tennyson.

Poetical Works. With Portrait. 2 vols. Cloth. $2.00.

Pocket Edition of Poems Complete. 75 cents.

The Princess. Cloth. 50 cents.

In Memoriam. Cloth. 75 cents.

Maud, and other Poems. Cloth. 50 cents.

Charles Reade.

Peg Woffington. A Novel. 75 cents.

Christie Johnstone. A Novel. 75 cents.

Clouds and Sunshine. A Novel. 75 cents.

'Never too late to mend.' 2 vols. $1.50.

White Lies. A Novel. 1 vol. $1.25.

Propria QuAi Maribus and The Box Tunnel. 25 cts.



by TiCKNOR AND FlELDS. 3

Henry W. Longfellow.

Poetical Works. In two volumes. 16rao. Boards. $2.00.
Pocket Edition of Poetical Works. In two volumes.

$1.75.

Pocket Edition of Prose Works Complete. In two

volumes. $1.75.
The Song of Hiawatha. $1.00.
Evangeline : A Tale of Acadie. 75 cents.
The Golden Legend. A Poem. $1.00.
Hyperion. A Romance. $1.00.
Outre-Meu. a Pilgrimage. $1.00.
Kavanagh. a Tale. 75 cents.
The Courtship of Miles Standish. 1 vol. 16mo.

75 cents.
Illustrated editions of Evangeline, Poems, Hyperion,
The Golden Legend, and Miles Standish.

Oliver Wendell Holmes.

Poems. With fine Portrait. Boards. $1.00. Cloth. $1.12.
ASTR.EA. Fancy paper. 25 cents.

William Howitt.

Land, Labor, and Gold. 2 vols. $2.00.

A Boy's Adventures in Australia. 75 cents.

Charles Kingsley.

Two Years Ago. A ISfew Novel. $1.25.

Amyas Leigh. A Novel Si. 25.

Glaucus ; OR, the Wonders of the Shore. 50 cts.

Poetical Works. 75 cents.

The Heroes ; or, Greek Fairy Tales. 75 cents.

Andromeda and other Poems. 50 cents.

Sir Walter Raleigh and his Time, &c. $1.25.



4 A Lia of Books Publiflied
Nathaniel Hawthorne.

Twice-Told Talks. Two volumes. $1.50.

The Scarlet Letter. 75 cents.

The House of the Seven Gables. $1.00.

The Snow Image, and other Tales. 75 cents.

The Blithedale Romance. 75 cents.

Mosses from an Old Manse. 2 vols. $1.50.

True Stories from History and Biography. With

four fine Engravings. 75 cents.
A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys. With seven

fine Engravings. 75 cents.
Tanglewood Tales. Another " Wonder-Book." With

Engravings. 88 cents.

Barry Cornwall.

English Songs and other Small Poems. $1.00.
Dramatic Poems. Just published. $1.00.
Essays and Tales in Prose. 2 vols. $1.50.

James Russell Lowell.

Complete Poetical Works. In Blue and Gold. 2 vols.

$1.50.

Poetical Works. 2 vols. 16mo. Cloth. $l.5a
Sir Launfal. New Edition. 25 cents.
A Fable for Critics. New Edition. 50 cents.
The Biglow Papers. A New Edition. 63 cents.

Coventry Patmore.

The Angel in the House. Betrothal.
" " " " Espousals. 75 cts. each.

Charles Sumner.

Orations and Speeches. 2 vols. $2.50.
Recent Speeches and Addresses. $1.25.



by TiCKNOR AND FlELDS. 5

John G. Whittier.

Pocket Editiox of Poetical Works. 2 vols. $1.50.

Old Portraits and Modern Sketches. 75 cents.

Margaret Smith's Journal. 75 cents.

Songs of Labor, and other Poems. Boards. 50 cte.

The Chapel of the Hermits. Cloth. 50 cents.

Literary Recreations, &c. Cloth.' Si. 00.

The Panorama, and other Poems. Cloth, 50 cents.

Alexander Smith.

A Life Drama. 1 vol. 16mo. 50 cents.
City Poems. 1 vol. 16mo. 63 cents.



Bayard Taylor.

Poems of Home and Travel. Cloth. 75 cents.
Poems of the Orient. Cloth. 75 cents.

Edwin P. Whipple.

Essays and Reviews. 2 vols. $2.00.
Lectures on Literature and Life. 63 cents.
Washington akd the Revolution. 20 cents.

George S. Hillard.

Six Months in Italy. 1 vol. 16mo. $1.50.

Dangers and Duties of the Mercantile Profes-
sion. 25 cents.

Selections from the Writings of Walter Savage
Landor. 1 vol. 16mo 75 cents.

Robert Browning.

Poetical Works. 2 vols. $2.00.
Men and Women. 1 vol. $1.00.



6 A U§t of Books Publifhed
Henry Giles.

Lectures, Essays, &c. 2 vols. $1.50.
Discourses on Life. 75 cents.
Illustrations op Genius. Cloth. Sl.OO.

William Motherwell.

Poems, Narrative and Lyrical. New Ed. $1.25.
Posthumous Poems. Boards. 50 cents.
Minstrelsy, Anc. and Mod. 2 vols. Boards. $1.50.

Capt. Mayne Reid.

The Plant Hunters. With Plates. 75 cents.

The Desert Home : or. The Adventures of a Lost

Family in the Wilderness. With fine Plates, f 1.00.
The Boy Hunters. With fine Plates. 75 cents.
The Yodng Voyageurs : or. The Boy Hunters in

THE North. With Plates. 75 cents.
The Forest Exiles. With fine Plates. 75 cents.
The Bush Boys. With fine Plates. 75 cents.
The Young Yagers. With fine Plates. 75 cents.
Ran Away to Sea : An Autobiography for Boys.

With tine Plates. 75 cents.

Goethe.

Wilhelm Meister. Translated by Carlyle. 2 vols.

$2.50.
Faust. Translated by Hayioard. 75 cents.
Faust. Translated by Charles T. Brooks. $1.00.

Rev. Charles Lowell.

Practical Sermons. 1 vol. 12mo. $1.25.
Occasional Sermons. With fine Portrait. $1.25.



by TiCKNOR AND FlELDS. 7



Rev. F. W. Robertson.

Sermons. First Series. $1.00.

" Second " $1.00.

" Third » $1.00.

" Fourth " $1.00.

Lectures and Addresses on Literary and Social
Topics. $1.00.

R. H. Stoddard.

Poems. Cloth. 63 cents.

Adventures in Fairy Land. 75 cents.

Songs of Summer. 75 cents.

George Lunt.

Lyric Poems, &c. Cloth. 63 cents.

Julia. A Poem. 50 cents.

Three Eras of New England. $1.00.

Philip James Bailey.

The Mystic, and other Poems. 50 cents.
The Angel World, &c. 50 cents.
The Age, a Satire. 75 cents.

Anna Mary Howitt.

An Art Student in Munich. $1.25.
A School of Life. A Story. 75 cents.

Mary Russell Mitford.

Our Village. Illustrated. 2 vols. 16mo. $2.50.
Atherton, and other Stories. 1 vol. 16mo. $1.25.

Josiah Phillips Quincy.

Lyteria : A Dramatic Poem. 50 cents.
Charicles : A Dramatic Poem. 50 cents.



8 A Lia of Books Publifhed
Grace Greenwood.

Greenwood Leaves. 1st & 2d Series. $1.25 each.

Poetical Works. With fine Portrait. 75 cents.

History of My Pets. With six fine Engravings. Scarlet
cloth. 50 cents.

Kecollections of My Childhood. With six fine En-
gravings. Scarlet cloth. 50 cents.

Haps and Mishaps op a Tour in Europe. $1.25.

Merrie England. A new Juvenile. 75 cents.

A Forest Tragedy, and other Tales. $1.00.

Stories and Legends. A new Juvenile. 75 cents.

Mrs. Crosland.

Lydia : A Woman's Book. Cloth. 75 cents.
English Tales and Sketches. Cloth. $1.00.
Memorable Women. Illustrated. $1.00,

Mrs. Jameson.

Characteristics of Women. Blue and Gold. 75 cents.

Loves of the Poets. " " 75 cents.

Diary of an Ennuyee " " 75 cents.

Sketches of Art, &c. " " 75 cents.

Studies and Stories. " •' 75 cents.

Mrs. Mowatt.

Autobiography of an Actress. $1.25.
Plays. Armand and Fashion. 50 cents.
Mimic Life. 1 vol. $1.25.
The Twin Roses. 1 vol. 75 cents.



Mrs. Howe.

Passion Flowers. 75 cents.
Words for the Hour. 75 cents.
The World's Own. 50 cents.



by TiCKNOR AND P^IELDS. y

Alice Cary.

Poems. 1 vol. 16mo. $1.00.

Clovernook Children. With Plates. 75 cents.

Mrs. Eliza B. Lee.

Memoir of the Buckminsters. $1.25.
Florence, the Parish Orphan. 50 cents.
Parthenia. 1 vol. IGmo. $1.00.

Samuel Smiles.

Life of George Stephenson : Railway Engineer.

$1.25.

Blanchard Jerrold.

Douglas Jerrold's Wit. 75 cents.

Life and Letters op Douglas Jerrold. $1.00.

Mrs. Judson.

Alderbrook. By Fanny Forrester. 2 vols. $1.75.
The Kathayan Slave, and Other Papers. 1 vol.

63 cents.
My Two Sisters : a Sketch from Memory. 50 cents.

Trelawny.

Recollections of Shelley and Byron. 75 cents.

Charles Sprague.

Poetical and Prose Writings. With fine Portrait.
Boards. 75 cents.



Mrs. Lawrence.



Light on the Dark River : or Memoirs of Mrs.
Hamlin. 1 vol. 16mo. Cloth. $1.00.






Online LibraryF. (François) AragoBiographies of distinguished scientific men (Volume 2) → online text (page 38 of 38)