F. (Franz) Ahn.

Ahn-Henn's second Latin reader. Selections from the writings of Justinus, Caesar, Cicero, and Phaedrus. With notes, vocabulary, and references to Ahn-Henn's Latin grammar online

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Online LibraryF. (Franz) AhnAhn-Henn's second Latin reader. Selections from the writings of Justinus, Caesar, Cicero, and Phaedrus. With notes, vocabulary, and references to Ahn-Henn's Latin grammar → online text (page 5 of 16)
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erant, were instead of laws = supplied the place of laws.

s iiitra suam cuique patriam, to each one within his own
country; quisque is generally placed after se, suus, qui ; the Dative
cuique depends on finiebantur; it is used instead of the genitive
depending on patriam. primus omnium; Partitive Genitive. 566. G.

9 quasi avitum gentibus morem, a custom as it were hereditary
to the nations.

10 imperil cupiditate, by his ambition for power] Instrumental

Abl. 60,7.



*) These references are to paragraphs of AHN-HENN'S Latin Grammar,



54

Page

1. 11 rudes resistendi populos, nations inexperienced in making
resistance; adjectives denoting knowledge and their opposites take
the Genitive. 567. i-, 843.

12 usque, as far as, with the Ace. termmos, to denote the place
whither. quaesitae dominationis, of the dominion that he had
sought for.

13 contmua possessione, Instrumental Abl. 605. domitis proxi-
mis, leaving subdued the nearest neighbors; Abl. Absol. 837.

14 accessione virlum is Instrumental Abl. belonging to fortior.
proxima quaeque victoria, every last victory.

16 illi fuit, lie had; Dative denoting the possessor. 594.

17 qui dicitur, who is said; Norn. w. Inf. 821.

19 hoc occTso, Abl. Absol. 836. relicto filio Ninya et uxore Se-
miramide; Abl. Absol.; the Participle relicto agrees with Ninya, and
is understood to Semiramide. 836.

21 murumque urbi cocto latere circumdedit, she put round the
city a wall of baked brick; circumdare takes a dative with an ac-
cusative, or an accusative with an ablative. 593. cocto latere,
Abl. of Quality, 616.

22 harenae vice, instead of sand. bitumine interstrato, Abl.

Absol. 836.

24 praeclara, illustrious deeds; the neuter of the adjective used
as a substantive. 702.

25 imperlo adjecit; verbs compounded with ad take the Dative. 592.

26 quos. .nemo intravit, into whose country, .no one penetrated.

2. i duo et XXX annos; time how long is in the Ace. 674. regno
potlta, having held possession of the kingdom; potiri takes the
Abl. 626.

2 contentus takes the Abl. 625. elaborate a parentibus imperlo,
with the dominion acquired by the labors of his parents.

3 veluti mutasset, as if he had changed; veliiti, conjunction of
comparison, takes the Subjunctive. 77.

G mille trecentos annos, time how long is in the Ace. 674.

s muliere corruptlor, more corrupt than a woman; Abl. of Com-
parison. 609.



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9 ad hunc videndurn, to see him; the Ace. of the Gerund is fre- 2.
quently used after ad to denote purpose. 845.

10 praefectus ipslus Medis praepositus, his own prefect whom he
?iad placed over the Medians. nomine Arbactus, Abl. of Limitation, eos.

11 invenit eum neiitem et partientem, he found him spinning and
distributing; verbs of perceiving take the Ace. with the Present
Participle when the object is to be represented as actually seen. 835.

12 colo nentem, spinning ivith a distaff; colo, Abl. of Means. -
muliebri habitu, in a woman's dress; Abl. of Manner. 613.

is quibus visis indignatus, being indignant at what he had seen;
the relative used instead of the demonstrative, and the Abl. of Cause
depending on indignatus. 604.

14 tot viros . . parSre, Ace. w. Inf. after indignari, a verb of
emotion, sis.

15 quid viderit refert, he reports what he has seen; the Subjunc-
tive viderit in an Indirect Question, soi; refert, Historical Present. 732.

negat se parere posse, he says he cannot obey; instead of dicere
with a negative clause the Latins generally use negare with an
affirmative clause.

16 qui se feminam malit esse quam virum, who likes better to
be a woman than a man; Ace. w. Inf. after a verb of ivishing. 814.

malit is in the Subjunctive depending on the Accus. with Inf. se
parere posse. 826.

17 quo audito, having heard this; Abl. Absol.

is regnum defenstirus, in defense of his kingdom; the Future
Participle denotes either intention or being on the point of. 741.
metu mortis, from fear of death. 604.

21 exstructa incensaque pyra, having erected and set on fire a
funeral pile; Abl. Absol. 837.

22 hoc solo, hereby alone; Abl. of Means. 605.

2. Astyages and Cyrus.

26 per ordmem successions, in regular succession; per denoting
the manner in which a thing is done. 645.

27 per somnum, during = in his sleep. ex fllia quam unlearn
habebat, from the only daughter he had; the adjective unlearn in
the relative clause properly belongs to the antecedent filia. 554.



5G

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2. 28 vitem enatam, supply esse; Ace. w. Inf. depending on vidit. 812.

29 obumbraretur, would be overshadowed; the Subjunctive in a
clause depending upon the Ace. w. Inf. 826. consult! harioli, the
soothsayers who had been consulted; Participle equivalent to a
relative sentence. 833. nepotem futurum (esse), Ace. w. Inf. de-
pending on responderunt.

so praenuntietur; the Subjunctive in a clause depending on an
Ace. w. Inf. sss. regni amissionem portendi; Ace. w. Inf. depending
on responderunt, which is the predicate to harioli consult!.

si hoc response, Abl. of Means.

32 ne, lest, that not, takes the Subjunctive extollgret. 756. i.

3. i nepoti animos, to the grandson his mind, i. e. the grandson j s
mind; the Dative depends on extolleret. turn temporis, at that
time.

3 somnli metu deposlto, having given up the fear of the dream;
Abl. Absol. 837.

4 sub avi oculis, in the sight of his grandfather.

5 datur occidendus, is delivered to be killed; the Gerundive is
joined with the verbs do, euro, mitto, &c., to express the purpose
or end for which anything is given; the Gerundive agrees with the
object of the active form, and with the subject of the passive. 841.

G verltus, ne . . exigeret, fearing that she would exact; after
vcreor, timeo, &c., ne must be rendered by that. 761. mortuo rege,
after the king's death; Abl. Absol.

7 necati infantis ultionem, revenge for the murdered child.

11 audlta regis infantis expositione, having heard of the exposing
of the king's child; Abl. Absol., to supply the want of the perfect
act. participle. 837. summis precibus, with every entreaty. Abl.
of Means. 605.

12 ut sibi puer ostenderetur, that the boy might be shown to her =
to show her the boy; the regular construction with verbs of urging
and demanding is ut or ne with the Subjunctive. 758. sibi, i. e.
uxori; for all references to the subject of the leading sentence, the
Reflexive sui must be used. 828. cujus precibus fatigatus, wearied
by her entreaties; the Relative for the Demonstrative at the begin-
ning of the sentence. 556. precibus is Causal Abl. 604.

13 canem feminam, a she-dog; with names of animals, the sexes
are distinguished by mas, male, and femina, female. 47.



Page

14 praebentem et defendentem ; the participles depend on in- 3.
v6nit, a verb of perceiving, to represent the object as actually
seen. 835.

is motus misericordla, moved by compassion; the moving cause
is often expressed by a participle with the Ablative, such as motus,
adductus, &c.

is eadem cane anxie prosequente, Abl. Absol.

17 quern ubi; the Relative instead of the Demonstrative; nbi, as
soon as, takes the Perf. Indie. 737. n.

is tantus ut . . ; a clause of result introduced by ut, so that, is used
after tarn, tantus, &c. 759.

20 permitteret, he might permit her, depends on rogaret, a verb
of asking or demanding; the regular construction is ut. 75*; but
when the idea of wishing, &c. is emphatic, the simple Subjunctive
without ut may be employed. permutata sorte, Abl. Absol.

22 nomen Spaco fuit; the name is either in the Dative or in the
Nominative. 594.

25 rex inter ludentes sorte delectus, having been chosen by lot
king among the boys when playing. per lasciviam, from wanton-
ness; per often denotes the manner in which a thing is done. 645.

27 querella regi delata, a complaint being brought before the
king; Abl. Absol. indignantibus belongs to parenttbus and is best
rendered by a relative sentence: by the parents who were indignant
at. indignari, a verb of emotion, may be considered as a verb of -
thinking, and as such takes an Ace: w. Inf. 815. adfectos, scil. esse.
Cyrus is the subject of the subordinate clause beginning with mox;
the principal clause begins with ille, i. e., Astyages.

28 arcessito puero et interrogate, Abl. Absol.

29 nihil mutato vultu, Abl. Absol.; nihil is here an Adverb, not at
all. fecisse se ut regem, that he had acted like a king; Ace. w. Inf.
depending on respondisset; this verb is in the Subjunctive depending
on historical cum.

33 quoniam sibi videretur, since he seemed to him; as a rule, quo-
mam takes the Indicative; here the Subjunctive is used to express the
opinion of Astyages. agitato inter pastores regno, having spent
his reign among the shepherds.



58

Page

4. 2 infestus, takes the Dative. 598. in ultionem servati nepOtis, to
revenge himself for the rescue of his grandson.

3 epulandum tradldit, see Note on p. 3. 5.

4 dissimulate dolore, Abl. Absol. odium regis, Objective Genitive.
566. 2. in vindictae occasionem, to a favorable time for his ven-
geance.

6 dolore orbitatis, by grief for his bereavement.

i ut ablegatus fuerit, how he had been sent away; Indirect Question
after scribit, with the verb in the Subjunctive; ut is the comparative
particle which would have required the Indicative if not used in
indirect question.

10 hortatur, exereitum paret, he exhorts him to get ready an
army] the regular construction with verbs of exhorting is ut; but
the simple Subjunctive without ut may also be employed when the
wish is emphatic; see Note on p. 3. 20.

13 exinterato lepori inserltur, is put into an eviscerated hare;
inserere being compounded with in takes the Dative. 592. in Per-
sas, to Persia; Persae, the Persians, the people for the territory.

14 addita, sc. sunt.

IG cadem adgredi jussus est; Norn. w. Inf. after jubOre. 822.

17 praemomtus, ut. .adsumeret; with verbs of warning, purpose
is expressed by ut with the Subjunctive. quern primum obvium ha-
buisset, whom he should meet first; the Subjunctive is used to
express the indirect statement of the dream. quern is for eum
quern.

is adsumeret, like verbs of naming, takes a second Accusative
denoting the character. 578. coeptis, Dat. of Advantage. 587.
ruri, in the country, rus is used like a name of a town. 686.

20 nomine, by the name, Abl. of Limitation. 608. hujus requisita
origme, the Abl. Absol. may be rendered: having inquired after his
descent. ut, as soon as, when, takes the Perf. Ind. 737. n. in
Persis, among the Persians, or in Persia; the people for the
territory.

21 genitum, sc. esse.

22 Persepolim, to Persepolis; in answer to the question whither?
names of towns are put in the Ace. 683. Persepolis being a Greek
noun has im in the Ace. 143. i. jubet takes the Ace. w. Inf. 814.



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Page

23 silvam viae circumdatam, lit. a wood put around the way = a 4.
wood surrounding the way; circumdare has a twofold construc-
tion. 593.

24 quod, at the beginning of a sentence instead of id. appa-
ratis epulis invltat, he invites them to a feast he had prepared for
them; the Participle is here best rendered by a relative clause. 833.

25 factos, sc. esse, Ace. w. Inf. after videret.

26 si ponatur, the Subjunctive of the Present, because the con-
dition is represented as possible. 788. n. legant, they would choose,
the Subjunctive in Indirect Question, soi.

27 ut adclamavSre omnes, when all cried out; the Perfect after ut
when. 737. ii. adclamavere for adclamavCrunt. 334.

28 ait hesterno similem labori omnem vitam acttiros (esse), he
says they would spend a whole life in work similar to yesterday's;
similis governs the Dative. 598.

29 quoad pareant; the Subjunctive in a clause dependent upon an
Ace. w. Inf. se secutos; this Participle is equivalent to a conditional
clause: if they would follow him. Tohodiernis epulis we must
supply similem omnem vitam, a whole life in feasting such as to-day.

so laetis omnibus, Abl. Absol.; an Adjective may take the place of
the Participle. 836.

si meriti sui in Harpago oblitus, having forgotten his desert, i. e.
what he had deserved of Harpagus; verbs of forgetting take the
Genitive. 568.

33 perfidia defectionis, AW. of Means or Instrument. 605.

3 pugnantibus suis partem exercitus cle tergo ponit, to his fight- 5.
ing men he posts a part of his army in the rear, i. e. he posts a
part of his army in the rear of the fighting men; the Dative pug-
nantibus, depending on the verb ponit, is used instead of the Genitive
pugnantium depending on tergo.

4 ferro agi jubet, Ace. w. Inf., depending on jubet. sui, his men.

5 inventuros (esse), Aco. w. Inf., depending on denuntiat.

6 proinde videant, accordingly they should see; proinde is used
in exhortations only; videant is the Hortatory Subjunctive. 752. -
fugientibus haec an ilia pugnantibus acies rumpenda sit; this is
an indirect disjunctive question; the interrogative particle is omitted
in the first member, and, therefore, ue stands in the second. 803.



60
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5. The participles fugientibus and pugnantibus depend on rumpenda
sit; they are in the Dative to denote the person by whom the line is
to be broken and may be rendered when fighting, when fleeing.

7 ingens pugnandi animus, eager desire to fight.

s exercitui accessit, was added to the army = seised the army.

10 orant revertantur; the Subjunctive without ut is used after verbs
of beseeching, for the sake of emphasis; see Note on p. 4. 10.

11 quos fugiebant, fuggre conpellunt, and compelled those to
flee from whom they had fled; the pronoun is is often omitted,
especially when it would stand in the same case as the Kelative. 653

12 cui Cyrus abstulit; the verb auferre, to take away, takes the
indirect object in the Dative, to be translated from. 588.

13 nepotem agere, to act as his grandson.

u genti praeposuit, he set him over the nation; praeponSre,
being compounded with prae, governs the Dative. 592.

15 in Medos, to the Medes to Media; the people for the ter-
ritory.

IB annis CCCL; duration of time is commonly expressed by the
Accusative, but occasionally, as here, by the Ablative.

3. The Athenians. Battle of Marathon.

19 quern biformem tradidere, whom they represented as being
two-shaped; tradere like a verb of naming takes two Accusatives. 57*
ut omnis antiquitas fabulosa est; ut is here comparative, as; else
it would have required the Subjunctive.

24 superfuSrunt, some survived. quos refugia montium rece-
pSrunt, whom the refuges of the mountains took in = who took
refuge in the mountains.

25 aut. .evecti sunt, supply qui> after aut ratlbus, Abl. of Manner,
like navibus, &c. 614.

26 a quo genus hommum conditum (esse) dicitur; Norn. w. Inf. 821.

28 Eleusme, Abl. of Eleusin, at Eleusis; in answer to the question
where.? ess.

29 in cujus muneris honorem, and in honor of this gift. noctes
initiorum, the nights of the mysteries. sacratae, sc. sunt.

6. 2 vindicaturi bello, being about to take revenge in war.



61

Page

3 responsum (sc. est) superiores fore; an answer was given that 6.
they would have the advantage. ni occidissent, if they had not
killed; the Pluperfect Subjunctive occidissent after the Historical
Perfect responsum est in the principal sentence.

4 cum ventum esset, when they had come; Impersonal Passive. 423.

6 et response dei et praeceptis hostmm cogmtis, Abl. Absol. to
supply the want of the perfect active participle : having learned both
the answer of the god and the orders of the enemy.

s sarmenta collo gerens, carrying fagots on his shoulders; the
Participle is in apposition to Codrus; collo is Instrumental Abl. 605.

9 falce, with his sickle, Abl. of Means, cos. astu, Abl. of Manner,
craftily, cunningly.

10 cognito regis corpore, Abl. Absol. to supply the want of the per-
fect active participle, having recognized the king's body.

11 ducis se offerentis, of their leader who offered himself; the
participle is here best rendered by a relative sentence. 833.

12 bello liberantur, are delivered from war; verbs signifying to
set free, take the Ablative. 620. Observe the liveliness of the multi-
plied historical Presents.

is permissa, sc. est.

17 vir justitlae insignis, a man of distinguished uprightness,
Genitive of Quality. 566. 5. qui velut novam civitatem legibus conderet,
who should found the state anew, as it were, by the establishment of
laws; conderet is here in -the Subjunctive, because it denotes a
purpose, the relative clause being equivalent in fact to a clause

With Ut. 792,

is qui = et is, and he. tanto temperamento, ivith so great mod-
eration; Abl. of Manner. 613.

19 cum si quid pro altero ordine tulisset, altcri displiciturum vi-
deretur, since if he had proposed anything in favor of one order,
this would seem to displease the other; the condition is represented
as contrary to fact; accordingly the Subjunctive of the Imperfect or
Pluperfect is used. 788] after si, nisi, &c. the prefix ali- in aliquis is
dropped. 762.

20 ut. . .traheret, that he drew; clause of result after tanto tem-
peramento. 759.

21 inter multa egregia, among many noble deeds; egreglum, the
adjective used as noun. illud, the following.



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6. 23 armis dimicatum fuerat, fighting had been going on; the pas-
sive used impersonally.

24 capitale esse coepit, it began to be a capital crime = it was
pronounced a capital crime. si quis legera de vindicanda insula
tulisset, if anybody should make a motion to claim the island; quis
for aliquis. 762.

25 legem ferre, to introduce a bill, to make a motion. de vindi-
canda insula, on the claiming of the island = to claim the island;
de is one of the few prepositions commonly used with the Gerund
or Gerundive. tulisset; the pluperfect subjunctive is used after the
historical perfect coepit in the leading clause. 743. in. sollicitus,
anxious, is construed like a verb of fearing; accordingly ne must be
rendered by that. 761.

2G tacendo. . .censendo, by being silent, by speaking his mind;
the Ablative of the Gerund used as Abl. of Means. &?.

27 cujus venia, on which pretext. non dicturus modo, sed et
facturus erat, he intended not only to say but also to do; the
active periphrastic conjugation denotes intention. 741.

28 prohibita, forbidden things. deformis habitu, disfigured by
his dress.

29 more vaecordium, after the manner of madmen.

30 quo magis consilium dissimularet; quo is usual final con-
junction with comparatives. 703. insolitis sibi verslbus, in verses
to which he was not accustomed.

32 ut bellum decerneretur; the subjunctive clause denoting the
result. 759.

33 devictis hostibus, the enemy being defeated. Athenienslum
fieret, came under the dominion of the Athenians. 571.

7. i memores inlati Atheniensibus belli, mindful of the war they'
had made on the Athenians; memor takes the Genitive. 567. i.
Atheniensibus depends on inlati.

2 veriti; the perfect participle is often used where we should
employ the present; ne, tJiat, after verbs of fearing. 761.

3 oppressuri, intending to surprise. 741.

qua re cognita, may be translated by the perfect active par-
ticiple with Pisistratus as subject: Pisistratus having learned this
circumstance. 837.



63

Page

5 in insidiis locat; verbs of placing take in with the Abl. 689. 7.
jussis matronis .. sacra celebrare, the ladies having been ordered to
celebrate the mysteries; after jubeo the Infinitive can be used without

a subject sollto clamore ac strepitu, with the usual clamor and
noise; Abl. of Manner. 613.

6 ne intellectos se sentiant, that they should not become aware
of their being observed; ne with the Subjunctive to denote the pur-
pose. 756. i. intellectos se (esse) is Ace. w. Inf. depending on sen-
tiant.

7 egressosque navlbus Megarenses, and the Megarenses when
they had landed.

s classe captlva, Abl. of Means. GO5. intermixtis mulieribus,
women being among them.

9 ut, with the Subjunctive, to denote the purpose. 756. i. Me-
gara contendit, he made for Megara; in answer to the question
whither? names of towns are in the Accusative. 683.

10 illi, the latter = the Megarenses. petitam praedam, the ex-
pected booty.

11 quibus caesis, Abl. Absol.

12 paulum a capienda urbe afiiit, he was not far from taking the
city. suis dolis, Abl. of Means. 60,5.

u quasi, .vicisset; quasi takes the Subjunctive. 772.

is per dolum, deceitfully; per denoting the manner. 645. -
voluntarlis verberlbus adfectus; having been affected with voluntary
flogging; i. e. having flogged himself; the verb adficere is often to
be translated by a verb corresponding to its Ablative; verberlbus
adficere, to flog; verberlbus voluntarlis adfici, to flog one's self.

16 lacerato corpore, Abl. Absol.

is e quibus haec se passum (esse) simulat, from whom he pre-
tends to have suffered this.

19 vocibus, remarks. invidiosa oratione, Abl. of Means. 605.

20 amore plebis, in consequence of the people 1 s affection for him

21 per quos occupata tyrannide, having obtained absolute
power through them.

22 per annos XXXIII; the preposition per is used to denote from
beginning to end. 674.

24 alter ex filiis, one of his two sons; e, ex is more common than
the Partitive Genitive after numerals and the like. 660.



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Page

7. 24 Hippias nomine, by the name of Hippias, Abl. of Limitation, oos.
25 qui = et is.

27 quibus interfectis, and these having been killed; Abl. Absol.
quaerenti tyranno. . . ait, to the tyrant when asking . . . he said. an
adhuc allqui conscli essent, whether there were any more accom-
plices; the Subjunctive in Indirect Question, aoi.

28 nemmem superesse, quern ampllus mori gestlat, that no one
else was left whom he wished to die; gestlat is in the Subjunctive,
being dependent upon the Ace. w. Inf. 826.

si libertatis, the Genitive after a verb of reminding. 568. regno
pulsus, driven from the state; Abl. after a verb of removing. 620.

32 in Persas; the people for the territory. Dareo inferenti
Atheniensibus bellum, to Dareus wlien making war on the Athen-
ians; clauses introduced by particles of time (as, when, since, &c.)
may be expressed in Latin by a participle without such par-
ticle. 833.

33 adversus patrlam belongs to ducera.

8. i auxillum a Lacedaemomis petivGrunt, they entreated aid from
the Lacedaemonians; we always say: petere allquid ab allquo. sso.

2 quos ubi viderunt, and when they saw that they; in historical
narrative ubi, simfilac &c., take the Historical Perfect Indicative. 737. n.

3 non expectato, without waiting; especially to be noted is the
Ablative of a participle without a Substantive; the participle with
non is often best rendered by without. 834. instructis decem mi-
libus, having drawn up ten thousand in battle array.

G auctor non exspectandi auxilli, the source of unexpected as-
sistance.

i ut . . . duceret, that he deemed; clause of result after tanta
fiducla. 759. plus praesidli, more protection; Partitive Gen, after
plus. 566. 5.

s magnain pugnam euntibus animorum alacritas fuit, when going
to battle they were in high spirits, lit. to those going into battle were
high spirits; the Dative with esse, to denote possession. 594.

9 adeo ut, to such a degree that, introducing a clause of result
with the Subjunctive.

10 citato cursu, at full speed.

12 tanta virtute, Abl. of Manner. 613. ut . . putarcs, that you
should suppose.



65

Page

15 ut viderStur, is a clause of result; cujus laus prima esset, an 8.
indirect question depending on difficile judicmm.

20 post proelii innumeras caedes, having slain enemies without
number in battle, lit. after numberless slaughters of the battle.

22 dextra manu, with his right hand; Instrumental Abl. o.5.
priusquam amitteret; priusquam has, in narrative, the same con-
struction as historical cum. 779.

24 morsu, with the teeth; Instrumental Abl. 6O5.

25 tantam in eo virtutem fuisse, supply dicunt. tot caedibus
fatigatus, wearied with such a carnage.

26 non duabus manibus amissis victus, not overcome by the loss of
both his hands.

as seu proelio sive naufragio, either in battle or by shipwreck.

29 dis patriae ultoribus poenas repetentlbus ; the Ablative Abso-
lute, expressing the cause: because the gods, the avengers of the
country, demanded satisfaction.

4-. Xerxes. Third invasion of Greece.

3 relictis multis filiis, having left behind many sons. 9.

4 susceptis, who were born; suscipere means to take up a new-
born child; hence in the Pass, to be born. maximus natu, the
oldest; natu, Abl. of Limitation, eos. aetatis privilegio, by the
privilege of age; Causal Abl. 604.

5 quod jus, a right which, is in the Accusative governed by dedit;
ordo nascendi and natura are taken conjointly as a single idea and


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Online LibraryF. (Franz) AhnAhn-Henn's second Latin reader. Selections from the writings of Justinus, Caesar, Cicero, and Phaedrus. With notes, vocabulary, and references to Ahn-Henn's Latin grammar → online text (page 5 of 16)