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F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

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Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 11 of 30)
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portico of the Corinthian order, crowned with its proper

* King William appointed Commiflioners for the better carrying on
his excellent intentions, and defued the afliftance of his good fubjccts, as
the ncceflity of his affairs did not permit him to advance fo confiderable a
fum toward this work as he defired. In conformity to this requeft, many
benefactions were made in that and the fucceeding reigns to this nobie
charity, which, according to the tablets hung up at the entrance of the
hull, amount to 58,209!. and afterward the forfeited eftace of the Eirl
of Dcrwentwater, in 1715, amounting to 6oool. per annum, was given
by Parliament to tills hofpital.

entablature.



IO4 GREENWICH HOSPITAL.

entablature, and a pediment. At each end is a pavillion.
formed hy four correfponding pilafters of the fame order,
with their entablature, and furmounted by an Attic order,
with a baluftrade, pediment, &c. Queen Anne's building
oppofite is in a correfpondent ftyle. In the north front
of each of thefe two buildings, the pediment is fupported by
two ranges of coupled Corinthian columns, and the fame
order is continued in pilafters along the building. The
projection of the entablatures gives an agreeable diverfity
of light and fhade. In the centre of each part, between
thefe ranges of Corinthian columns, is the door, of the Do-
ric order, adorned above with a tablet and pediment.
Within the height of thefe lofty columns are two feries of
windows, enlightening two floors. The undermoft, which
are the fmalleft, have ruftic cafes, crowned with pediments;
the upper feries, which are large and lofty, are adorned
with the orders, and with upright pointed pediments. Over
thefe is an attic ftory : the entablature of the Corinthian
columns and pilafters fupports a regular Attic courfe; the,
pilafters of this order, rifing over every column and pilaf-
ter of the Corinthian below, between which the windows
are regularly difpofed; and the top is covered with a ba-
luftrade.

To the fouth of thefe are the other piles of building,
with a colonnade adjoining to each. Thefe colonnades-
are 115 feet afunder, and are compofed of 300 duplicated.
Doric columns and pilafters of Portland ftone,. 20 feet high,.
with an entablature and baluftrade. Each of them is 347
feet long, having a return pavillion at the end, 70 feet long.

Of the two fouth buildings, that on the eaft fids is Queen
Mary's. In this is the chapel, the interior part and roof of
which having been deftroyed by fire, on the ad of January
1779, has beea reftored in the tnoft beautiful ftyle of Gre-
cian architecture, from the defigns of the late Mr. James
Stuart, the celebrated publifher of the Antiquities of
Athens, commonly called " Athenian Stuart."

Immediately before the entrance of this chapel, is an oc-
tan<nilar veftibule, in which are four niches, containing the
ftatues of Faith, Hope, Charity, and Meeknefs, in Coade's
artificial ftone, from defigns by Weft. From this veftibule
we afcend, by a flight of fourteen fteps to the chapel, which



GREENWICH HOSPITAL. 105

5s 1 1 1 feet long, and 52 broad, and capable of conveniently
accommodating i coo pensioners, nurfes, and boys, exclufive
of pews for the directors, and for the feveral officers, under-
officers, &c. ' Over the portal, or great door of the chapel,
is this infcription, in letters of gold :

" Let them give thanks whom the Lord hath redeemed, and delivered
from the hand of the enemy." Pfalm 107.

The portal confifts of an architrave, frize, and cornice of
ftatuary marble, the jambs of which are twelve feet high,
in one piece, and enriched with excellent fculpture. The
frize is the work of Bacon, and confifts of the figures of two
;mgels with feftoons, fupporting the facred writings, in the
leaves of which is the following infcription:

The law wa? given by Mofes:

But grace and truth came by Jcfus Chrift.

The great folding-doors are of mahogany highly 'enriched,
and the whole compofition of this portal is not to be paral-
lelled in this, or perhaps in any other country.

Within this entrance is a portico of fix fluted marble co-
lumns, fifteen feet high. The capitals and bafes are Ionic,
after Greek models. The columns fupport the organ gal-
lery, and are crowned with an entablature and bauiftrade
enriched with fuirable ornaments. On the tablet in the
front of this gallery is a baflb-relicvo, reprefenting the
figures of angels founding the harp: on the pedeftals, on
each fide, are ornaments confiding of trumpets, &c. and,
on the tablet between, is this infcription in letters of gold:

Praifc him with the found of the trumpet:
Praife him with ftringed instruments and organs.

In this gallery is a very fine organ made by Mr. Samuel
Green; and, on each fide, are four grand columns; their
fhafts of fcagliola in imitation of Sienna marble, by Rich-
ter, and their capitals and vafes of ftatuary marble. At the
oppofite end of the chapel are four others of the fame fort,
which fupport the arched ceiling and roof. Thefe co-
lumns are of the Corinthian order, and, with their pedef-
tals, are 28 feet high.

Oa



106 GREENWICH HOSPITAL.

On the fides of the chapel, between the upper and lower
range of windows, are the galleries, in which are pews for
the officers and their families: thofe of the Governor and
Lieutenant-Governor, which are oppofite each other, are
diftinguiflied by ornaments confiding of the naval crown,
and other fuitable infignia. Underneath thefe galleries and
the cantilivers whkh rapport them are ranges of fluted pi-
lafters. The cantilivers are decorated with antique foli-
age; the entablature over the pilafters with marine orna-
ments; the interval between with feftoons, &c. and the
pedeftals of the baluftrade in the front of the galleries with
tridents and wreaths. The tablets in the middle of each
baluftrade contain the HofpitaFsarms, and the frize below
is carved with a foliage in the Greek mode. Over the
lower range of windows are paintings in chiaro ofcuro, re-
prefenting fome of the principal events in the life of our
Saviour, which are accompanied with ornaments of cande-
labra and feftoons.

Above the galleries is n richly-carved done fafda, on
which ftands a range of pilafters of the cornpofite mode,
their fhafts being of fcagliola, correfponding with thofe of
the eight great columns, and jointly with them appearing
to fupport the epiftylum which furrounds the whole chapel.
This epiftylum is enriched with angels, bearing feftoons of
oak-leaves, dolphins, (hells, and other applicable ornaments.
From this rifes the curved ceiling, which is divided into
compartments, and enriched with foliage, golochi, &c. in
the antique ftyle. Between the upper pilafters are recefles,
in which are painted, in chiaro ofcuro, the Apoftles and
Evangelifts.

At each end of the galleries are concave recefles, the
coves of which are ornamented with coffers and flowers
carved in ftone: in thefe recefles, are the doors of entrance
into the galleries, decorated with enriched pilafters and en-
tablatures, and a group of ornaments, confifting of the na-
val crown, wreaths of laurel, and tridents. Above the
doors are circular recefles, containing paintings in chiaro
ofcuro, of the prophets Ifaiah, Jeremiah, Mofes, and David.

The communion table is a femi-oval flab of ftatuary
marble, near eight feet long. The afcent to it is by three
fteps of black marble, on which is fixed an ornamental rail-
ing



GREENWICH HOSPITAL, 107

ing, reprefenting feftoons of ears of corn, and vine foliage.
This table is fupported by fix cherubims, fhnding on a
white marble ftep of the fame dimenfions.

Above is a painting by-Weft, in a fuperb carved and
gilt frame, reprefenting the Prefervation of St. Paul from
fhipwreck, on the ifland of Melita.

This picture is 25 feet high, and 14 wide, and confifts
of three principal groups. The firft, which is at the lower
part, reprefents the mariners and prifoners bringing on
fhore the various articles which have been preferved from
the wreck : near thefe is an elegant figure, fuppofed to be a
Roman lady of distinction, clafping with affection an urn,
containing the afhes of her deceafed hulband, who had fallen
in the wars of Judea. Before her is an aged, infirm man,
who, being unable to affift himfelf, is carried in the arms
of two robuft young men.

In the middle part of the piece is the principal group,
confifting of St. Paul, fhaking into the fire the viper that
had fattened on his hand, the brethren who accompanied
him, his friend the centurion, and a band of Roman fol-
diers with their proper infignia.

The figures above thefe, on the fummit of the rocks,
form the third group, and confift of the hofpitable ifland-
ers lowering down fuel and other neceflaries for the relief
of the fufferers.

The fea and wrecked fhip appear in the back-ground,
and combine to exhibit a fcene that cannot fail of having
a proper effect on the minds of feafaring men, and of im-
preffing them with a due fenfe of their paft prefervation,
and their prefent comfortable fituation and fupport in this
noble afylum for naval misfortunes and naval worth.

On either fide the arch which terminates the top of this
picture, are angels of ftatuary marble, as large as life, by
Bacon ; one bearing the crofs, the other the emblems of
the eucharift. This excellent combination of the works
of art is terminated above, in the fegment between the great
cornice and ceiling, by a painting of the Afcenfion, defigned
by Weft, and executed by Rebecca, in chiaro ofcuro ;
forming the laft of the feries of paintings of the life of outf
Saviour which furround the chapel.

The middle of the aifle, and the fpace round the organ

gallery,



io8 GREENWICH: HOSPITAL.



, are paved with black and white marble, in golochi,
frets, and other ornament. - ; having, in the centre, an an-
chor and feaman's compais.

The pulpit is on a circular plan, fupported by fix fluted
columns of lime-tree, with an entablature above richly
carved, and of the fame material. In the fix inter-co-
lumns are the following alto-relievos, taken from the Afts
of the Apoftles, and executed after defigns by Weft: The
ConverfionofSt. Paul; Cornelius's Vifion; Peter releafed
from Prifon by the Angel; Elymas ftruck blind ; St. Paul
preaching at Athens, and converting Dionyfuis the Areo-
pagite; and Paul before Felix.

The reader's deik is formed on a fquare plan, with co-
lumns at the four corners, and the entablature over them
iimilar to thofe of the pulpit : in the four inter-columns are
alfo alto-relievos of the prophets Daniel, Micah, Zechariah,
and Malachi, copied after defigns by the fame artift.

The following paintings, in chiaro ofcuro, relative to our
Saviour, are placed over the lower windows.

The firft four of the feries, painted by De Bruyn, are at
the eaft end of the fouth fide of the chapel, and reprefent
the Nativity; the Angels appearing to the Shepherds ; the
Magi worftiipping; the Flight into Egypt.

The four which follow on the fame fide, are by Catton,
and reprefent St. John baptizing: the Calling of St. Peter
and St. Andrew ; our Saviour preaching from a Ship to the
People on Shore ; the Stilling of the Tempeil.

The four at the weft end of the north fide are by Mil-
burne, and reprefent our Saviour walking on the Sea, and
feving Peter from finking ; the Blind Man cured; Lazarus
raifed from the Dead ; the Transfiguration.

The next four on the fame fide are by Rebecca, and re-
prefent the Lord's Supper ; our Saviour carried before Pi-
late; the Crucifixion ; the Refurreclion.

The Apoftles and Evangelifts in the receffes between the
upper windows, and the four Prophets in the circles above
the gallery doors, are after the defigns of Weft.

King William's Building, oppofiteto Queen Mary's, con-
tains the great hall, which is ;o6 feet long, 56 wide, and
co high. . It was painted by Sir James Thornhill. Jn..the
cupola of the veftibule is a compafs with its proper -points

dujy



GREENWICH HOSPITAL. IOp

Only bearing: in the covings are the four winds in nlto-re-
iievo. Eurus, the Eaft Wind, rifing out of the eaft, with
a lighted torch in his right hand, as bringing light to
the earth, feems,.with his left hand, to pum the morn-
ing ftar out of the firmament, the demi-ilgures and bovs
which form the group, {hewing the morning dew .that falls
before him. A ufter, the South Wind, his wings dropping
water, is prefiing forth rain from a bag, the little boys near
him throwing about thunder and lightning. Zephyrus, the
Weft Wind, is accompanied by little Zephyrs, with bafkets
of flowers, fcattering them around : the figure playing on the
flute denotes the pleafure of the fpring. Boreas, the North
Wind, has dragon's wings, denoting his fury; his boifte-
rous companions flinging about hail-ftcnes. fnow, &c.
Over the three doors are large oval tables, with the names,
in gold letters, of fuch benefactors as have given icol. or
upward, toward the building; among the molt confidera-
ble of which were King William, who gave 1 9,500!. Queen
Anne, 6472!. John de la Fontain, Efq, 2000!. Robert Of-
bolfton, Kfq. 20,000!. Sir John Cropley, and Mr. Evelyn,
zoool. each. John Evelyn, Efq. icool. Each table is at-
tended by two chanty boys, as if carved in white marble,
fitting on great corbels, pointing rip to the figure of Cha-
rity, in a niche, intimating that what money is given there
is for their fupport.

This veftibule leads into the faloon or grand hall, on the
ceiling of which are the portraits of King William and
Queen Mary, furrounded by the cardinal virtues, &c.
The other decorations of this faloon, are correfpondent to
the magnificence of the ceiling.

From this faloon we afcend into the upper hall, the ceil-
ing and fides of which are adorned with different paintings.
In the centre of the ceiling is repreiented Queen Anne and
Prince George of Denmark, with emblematical figures.

In the four corners are the arms of England, Scotland,
France, and Ireland, between which are the four quarters
of the world, with the emblems and productions of each.

On the left hand, as we enter, is a painting in imitation

of ballo relievo, reprefenting the Landing of the Prince of

Orange. Over the chimney, is the Landing of George I,

at Greenwich. At the farther er.d are the portraits of

L George



10 -GREENWICH HOSPITAL.



, and his family, with main- emblematical figures;
hk*l the paintarhas introduced his own portrait ;
and, on the right and left of the entrance, are paintings re-
nrefenting the Public Weal, and Public Safety.

This celebrated work was begun in 1708, and completed
in 1727. It coft 66651 at the rate of jl. per yard for the
ceiling, and il. per yard for the .(ides.

Out of all that is given fan- (hewing the Hall, only three-
pence in the pound is allowed to the perfon who (hews it:
.the- reft makes an excellent fund for the maintenance of not
JdV than twenty poor boys, the fons of llain or cli fabled ma-
riners ; and out of this fund the boys are entirely provided
-for, and taught fuch a fliare of mathematical learning as
.rmy fit them out to the fea-fervice.

King William's Building, and Queen Mary's, are each
.furmountedbyadome, the tambour of which is formed by a
.circle -of columns duplicated, of the Corinthian order, with
four projefting groups of columns at the quoins. The at-
*ic above is a circle without breaks, covered with the dome,
.and terminated by a turret.

In King Charles's Building, adjoining to the Governors
apartment', is the council-room, in which are the following
portraits: viz. George II, hy Shacfcieten; King William,
cknelle"; Queen Mary, 'ditto ; the late Earl of Sandwich,
Oainfborough ; Edward, fiift Earl of Sandwich, Lely?
^Vifcount Torrington, a half length, and another, a whole
length, Davifon; Robert Ofboifton, Efq. Dugard ; Admi-
j-al^Sir John Jennings, Richardfon; Captain Clements,
Lely; -and the head of a venerable old man, faid to have
been the firft penfioner admitted into this hofpital.

Near the hofpital are rhe infirmary and fchools, two com-
modious brick buildings, defigned by the late Mr. Stuart.^

For the better fupport of this hofpital, every teaman in.
the royal navy, and in the fervice of tte merchants, pays
fix-pence a month,

There are near 2000 old or difabled feamen in this hof-
pital ; and 100 boys, the fons of feamen, are inftru&ed hi
navigation, and bred up for the fervice of the royal navy :
but there are IK> out-peniioners. tach of the mariners bas
a weekly allowance of fe,veu loaves, weighing 16 ounces
each; .three pounds of beef, two of mutton, a pint of peafe,

a pound



G IT N Mfc

arpmvnd- and a quarter of cheefe, two on n res of hotter,..
14 quarts of b*rer, and is. tobacco- money : the tobacco-
money of the boatfwains is as. 6d. a week each ; that of the
mates is. 6d, and that of the other officers in proportion to
their rank : befi Je which, each common penfioner receives^,
once in two years, a fuit of blue, a hat, three pair of flock-
ing?, two pair of fhees, five neckcloths, thiee fliirts, and:
two nightcaps.

This hofpital has about TOO Governors, compofed of the'
nobility, and great officers of ftate. The principal officers,
of the houfe, with their annual falaries, are, the Mafteiv
loool. Lieutenant-Governor, 300!. Treafurer, 200!. three
Captains, each zool. fix Lieutenants, each icol. two Chap-
lains, each lool. a Phyfician and Surgeon, each iool. a
Clerk of the Checque, icol. Auditor, icol.

GROVE, near Watford, rhe feat of the Ear! of Claren-
don. The late Earl greatly improved the houfe and park,

GROVE, a thatched eottage, the romantic retreat of-J.
Bocktt, Efq. at the foot of Box-hill, near Mickleham.

GROVE HOUSE, the beautiful villa of Mrs. Luther,,
at Chifwick, feated on the Thames, ia a very defirable and
fequeftered fpot. The premifes, containing 80 acres, are in-
elofed within a brick wall. The paddock abounds with a
great number of old walnut-trees, and Spanifti chelhuts,
the fruit of which has been known to produce 8bl. a year.

GROVE HOUSE, the feat of Philip GodfaH, Efq. on
an eminence on the verge of Hatnpftead Heath, with plea-
fure-grounds, and a ten-ace that commands a delightful
profpeft.

GROVE HOUSE, the feat of Lady Downger Onflow,.
at Old \Vindfor, built by Mr. Bateman, uncle to- the pre-
fent Lord Bateman. This gentleman made it a point, in
his travels, to take notice of every thing that pleafed him
in the monafteries abroad; and, on his return to England^,
he built this houfe ; the bed-chambers of which he con-
trived like the cells of mouks, with a refectory,, and every
other appendage of a monaftery, even to a cemetery, and a
coffin, infcribed with the name of a fuppofitious ancient
bifhop. Some curious Gothic chairs, bought at a fale of
thecuriofities in this houfe, are now at Strawberry Hill.

GUNNERSBURY HOUSE, a noble feat, in the pariflv-
La. of.



112 HACKNEY.

of Baling, in Middldex, It commands an rxtenfive and
beautiful profpert; and was built for the celebrated Ser-
jeant Maynard*, in 1663, by Webbe, a pupil of Inigo
Jones. Of the rcprefentatives of the Serjeant it was pur-
ihafcd, in 1740, by Henry Furnefe, Efq. who employed
Kent to enlarge and alter the gardens. In 1761, it was
(uurhafed for thej'nncefs Amelia, after whofe death it was
fold, in 1788, to Colonel Iron fide, who ibid it, in 1792,
to Walter Stirling, Efq. In 1 794, it was purchafed by An-
drew Stirling, Efq. who fold it lately to Mr. Crawford, a
gentleman from the Eaft Indies.

The chapel was added by the Princefs Amelia, who, it
is faid, expended above 2o,,ocol. on the pn-mifes. The
trees ii> and .about the paddock are well grouped, and ex-
hibit fome very pleafing fcenery.

H

HACKNEY, a large and populous village to_the N. E.
of London. T'v- parifli has feverai hamlets, among
which are Upper an . vcr Clapton on the north; Dor-
.-eiton, Shacklewell, ana Kingfton, on the weft; and Ho -
inerton on the eaft. 'I he prtfent parifli church is an oid
Gothic ftrudijre. Adjoining to the churchyard, a new
one, on a larger fca'e, was begun, in 17^1, in purfu-
ance of an act of Parliament for that purpofe. It is cover-
ed in, but is not yet finished.

On the S. fide of the churchyard was an ancient manfion,
many years a boarding fchool for young ladies. In one of
the windows were the arms of James I, Charles I, the Elec-
tor Palatine, and the Duke of Holftein, brother of Queen
Anne of Denmark. Thefe arms, it is conjectured, were
placed there, to commemorate fome entertainment given to
thefe illufti ious perfonages. This houfe belonged, in the
reign of Charles II, to . ( Sir Thomas Vyner, fon of the Sir
Robert Vyner, of whoie familiarity with that Monarch,
a pleafant ftory is told. in the Spectator, No. 462. It was
entirely demolished this year.

* When this grtat hwy:r Civil appc:ied b.f^re Ki-ig William, after
the Revolution, being then at a very ; . :':i.:t mo.iarch ooierved

to him, that h: 1'uppokd he hid furvived ;i if the g o.it I.uvyers of hi
t'nrc. " Yes," a')lVerei the Serjeant, " ani if" your MajciVy h\i not fca-
i'ji;jl>!y comi over, i .'auu!J havx i'ucvivcd tht la.v kfclt."

At



IT A I

At that period when the refidences of our- Princes and
Nobility were fcattered over the metropolis and its environs, .
Hackney was diftmguiflied by capital manfions. At Clap-
ton is Brooke Houfe, formerly the feat of a nobleman of
that name, now a receptacle for lunatics. An -ancient houfe
in Well Street, let in tenements to poor people, and called'-
St. John's Palace, is fuppofed to have been the reu" deuce of.
the Prior of the order of St. John of Jerusalem.

A fpacious manfion, at the corner of the road leading to -
Doilefton, and now letas a lodging-houfe, was the proper-
ty and refidence of John Ward, hiq. M. P, whom Pope has-
thus " damned to evedafting fame:"



Riches, I

No grace of Heaven, or token of th' eledl:
Given to the fool, the mad, the vain, the ev'.t, .
To Ward, to VVa:ei>, Cbartres, and the Devi;.

Hackney was the ftrfl village near London that \vas ac-
commodated with carnages for occ-nonal paflenger?; ,ani
hence the origin of^the name of hac .cney-coaches-.^

In this pariftv, a little to the fouth of Lea Bridge arev
finiated the Temple Mil's, fo called from having. once been '
part of the poffeffions of the Knights -Templars, as -they
were, afterward, on the extirpation of that order, of the-'
Knights of St. John. They are now ufed for preparing,
lead; and, at the Wick, are-fome filk mills. iW Nezu CV-
Ifge.

H Al)LEY, a village in Middlefex, near Bamef, had
once an hermitage, called Monktwn Hadley. The churclv
is built with, flint: over the weft door is the date 1498, aiui
the fculpture of a rofe and a wing. On th top of- the ftee-f
})le is an iion pitch- pot, intended as a beaoon. Hence the
view of EiTex, over the, trees, is beautiful. On Hadley-
Green is the handfome feat of Peter Moore, Efq., See Dtt-
bam Park, NFW Lodge, and Wntham* Park.
. HA1NAULT FOREST, is fituated to the-S. E. of Epv
ping Foreft, in Efleo:. In this foreft, about a mile, from-
Barking Side, {lands an oak, which has been known through <
many centuries, by the nameof-Fairlop.' " The- tradition
of. the country," fays Mr. Gilpin, in his Remarks on Forert
Sccnu'v, " traces "it half way up the Chriftian era. It- is
1,3* fuJJ.-



H4. HAINAULT FOREST.

ftill a noble tree, though it has fuffered greatly from the de-
predations of time. About a yard from the ground, where
its rough fluted ftem is 36 feet in circumference, it divides
into eleven vaft arms, yet not in the horizontal manner of
an oak, but rather in that of a beech. Beneath its fhade,
which oveiiureads an area of 300 feet in circuit, an annual
fair has long been held on the ad of July; and no booth is
fuffered to "be erected beyond the extent of its boughs. But
as their extremities arc now become faplefs, and age is
yearly curtailing their length, the liberties of the fair feem
to be in a very defponding condition. The honour, how-
ever is greaf. But honours are often accompanied with
inconveniencies; and Fairlophas fuffered from its honour-
able diftinftions. In the feafting that attends a fair, fires
are often neceffary ; and no places feem 10 proper to make
them in, as the cavities formed by the decaying roots of the
tree. This practice has brought a more fpsedy decay on
Fairlopthnn it mi^ht otherwise have fuffered." But this
tree is now fenced round with a clofe paling, about five feet
hi^h. Almoft all the extremities of its branches have been
fa wed off, and Mr. Forfyth's compofition applied to thero,



Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 11 of 30)