F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

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Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 12 of 30)
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to preferve them from decay ; and the injury which the
trunk of the tree had fuftained from the lighting of fires in
the cavities, has been repaired, as much as poffible, by the
fame compofition. On one of the branches is fixed a board,
with this infcnption: " All good foreilers are requefted
not to hurt this old tree, a plafter having been lately ap-
plied to his wounds." Maay years ago, Mr. John D:iy, a
worthy, but whimlical character, in Wapping, ufed annually
to go and dine with his friends, on beans and bacon, under
this tree; from which circumftance originated the annual
fair now held under it. Mr. Day had his coffin made out
of one of the largeft arms of this tree, and kept it many
years by him.

Among the numerous focieties that have been formed,
fince the revival of the fafhionable amufement of archery,
that of " The Hainault Forefters" is not the lead diftin-
guifhed, as the principal ladies and gentlemen of the county
belong to the aflbciation, and, at certain times, march in
proceflion round thii venerable father of the fylvan race.
They are drefled in an elegant uniform, and attended by a

' band

HAL 115

band of rmific, and all " quality, pride, pomp, and circum-
ftance of glorious archery."

HALING HOUSE, the ancient feat and fine park of
William Parker Hamond, Efq. at Croydon. Charles
Howard, the celebrated Lord Admiral, in 'the reign of Eli-
zabeth, held it by a leafe of the Crown, and died here, in
1624. The fine grove in the park contains a great num-
ber of exotics and evergreens; a circumftanoe which is
thus celebrated by the late William Whitehead, in a poem,
entitled, " Anfwer to an Epiftle from a Grove in Derby-
ihire to a Grove in Surry:''

I envy not, I fwear and vow,

The temples or the fhades of Srow ;

Nor Java's groves, whofc arms difplay

Their bloffoms to the riling day;

Nor Chili's woods, whofe fruitage gleams,

Ruddy beneath his fetcing beams;

Nor Teneriffa's forefts lhaggy,

Nor Chin-i's varying Sharawaggi :

Nor all that has been fung or (aid

Of i'indui, or of Windfor's fliade.

MALL BARN, at Beaconsfield, is celebrated as the feat
of Waller the Poet. It is remarkable, that this great man,
who was born at Colefhill, toward the decline of life
bought a fmall houfe, with a little land, on his natal fpo-t ;
obferving, that he fhould be glad to die, like the flag,
where he was roufed." This, however, did not happen.
' ; When he was at Beaconsfield," fays Johnfon, " he found
his legs grow tumid : he went to Windfor, where Sir
Charles Scarborough then attended the King,^and requefted
him, as both a friend and phyfician, to tell him what that
fuelling meant. " Sir," anfwered Scarborough, " your
blood will run no longer." Waller repeated fome jines
of Virgil, and went home to die. As the difeafe increaied
upon him, he compofed himfelf for his departure; and
calling upon Dr. Birch to give him the holy facrament, he
defired his children to take it with him, and made an
earned declaration of his faith in Chriftianity. It now
appeared what part of his converfation with the great
could be remembered with delight. He related, that


I l6 HAM

being pvefent when the Duke of Buckingham talked pro-
fanely before King Charles, he faid, to him, " My Lord,
I am a great deal older than your Grace, and have, I be-
lieve, heard more arguments for atheifm than ever your
Grace did; but I have Jived long enough to fee there' is
nothing in them, and fo I hope your Grace will."

This celebrated poet died at Beaconsfield, in 1687, at
the age of 8a. A handfome monument was creeled to
his memory, by his foil's executors, in 1700, on the eaft
fide of the churchyard, near the family vault, where an
old walnut-tree is remaining, at the weft end of the monu-
ment, incloied within the iron rails around the tomb.
Part of the branches hanging over the fpiral pillar that
rifes from the monument, has a pleafmg efFecl, and hap-
pily illuftrates the rebus alluded to in the family arms,
which is a walnut-leaf. The Latin infcription on the mo-
nument is by Rymer, and is to be feen in every edition of
our poet's works. The houfe is the property of Edmund
Waller, 'Efq. one of his defendants. The gardens were
considered, before the improvements of thefe times, as
very magnificent. Mr. Waller has let the houfe to Mr.

HALSTEAD PLACE, the feat and park of George
Arnold, Efq. 18 miles from London, on the road to Se-

HAM COMMON, a village between Peterfham and
Kingfton, to which laft it is a hamlet. Here is the villa of
the earl of Buckinghamihire, and in the houfe now the re-
fidence of Lady Douglas, lived the Duchefs of Queens-
berry, the celebrated patronefs of Gay.

HAM, EAST, a village in Efiex/ between Weft Ham
and Barking. In this parifli, is a fpring called Miller's
Well, the water of which is efbeemed to be exceedingly good,
and has never been known to be frozen, or to vary in its
height. A part of Kent, in the parifh of Woolwich, lies on
this fide of the Thames, and divides this parifli from that
river. See Green Street Houfe.

HAM FARM, the feat of the Earl of Portmore, at
Weybridge, in Surry, a harifome brick ftruclure, with a
fine lawn before the garden front. The grounds confift of
500 acres, 1 30 of which are laid out for pleafure, bende.a

paddock .


paddock of 60 acres. Here is a fine command of water,
there being two navigable rivers ; the Thames, which
comes with a fine bending courfe by the fide of the ter-
race ; and the Wey, which runs directly through the
groun'ds, and joins the Thames at the terrace. There
i.s a fwing bridge over the Wey, which may be turned
afide at pleafure, to let boats and other reficls pafs. The
Wey is navigable to Guilford. What is called the Vir-
ginia Water, runs from Windfor Great Park, and flows
hwher through Woburn Farm. The terrace next the
Thames is beautiful ; and there are good views from it,
and other parts of the gardens. This place was fii ft beau-
tified by the Countefs of Dorchefter, Miftrefs of James II.
HAM HOUSE, the feat of the Earl of Dv fart, fitnate
on the Thames, near Richmond, but in the pariih of
Kingfton, was built in 1610, and wa& intended, it is (aid,
for the refidence of Henry Prince of Wales. Charles II
granted it to the Duke and Duchefs of Lauderdale, and to
the heirs of the latter by her firft huiband, Sir Lionel Tolle-
imche, Bart.* It then underwent considerable altera-
tions, and now remains a very curious fpecimen of a man-
fion of that age. The ceilings are painted by Verrio,
and the rooms are ornamented with that mafly magnificence
of decoration then in fafhion. The furniture is very rich ;
and even the bellows and bruflies, in fome of the apart-
ments, are of folid filver, or of fitlagiee. In the centre of.
the houfe is a large hall, furrounded by an open gallery.
The baluftrades of the grand ftaircafe, which is remark-
ably fpacious and fubftantial, are of walnut-tree, and orna-
mented with military trophies. On the W. fide of the;
houfe is a gallery, 92 feet in length, hung with portraits.
Ham Houle contains fome fine pictures by the old matter?,
among which the works of Vandcrvelde and Wonvermans
are the mod confpicuous. The principal portraits are, the
Duke of Lauderdale and the Earl of Hamilton, C. Janflen;
the Duke and Duchefs of Lauderdale, Lely; the Duke, iu
his robes of the Order of the Garter, Ditto ; Charles II,
who fat for thid picture for the Duke; Sir John Maitland,

* This hily was one of the two daughters and coheirefles of William
Murr.iy, L'arl of Dy art ; which title gianted to herfdf and hcirk, j
Charlfs II. The great John Dtilce of Ar ; ;ylf, her gundllin, *nJ hii bro-
ther nd fuccellbr, Archibald, were born tit chis houfe.



Chancellor of Scotland ; Sir Henry Vane ; William Mur-
ray, firft Earl of D\ fart ; Catharine, his Wife, a beautiful
picture, in water colours, Uolkins ; Sir Lionel Tollemache,
lii ft huiband to the Duchefs of Lauderdale ; General Tolle-
mache, who was killed in the expedition againft Bieft ;
James Stuart, Duke of Richmond, a very fine picture, by
Vandyck; and the late Countefs of Dyfart, Reynolds.

HAM, WEST, a village in EOex, one mile S. of Strat-
ford. Near the Abbey Mills, are the fite and remains of a
monaftery, called the Abbey of Stratford Lanthornc',
founded in 1135, the demefne of which, in this parifh, in-
cluded 1 500 acres ; and they had manors in many counties.
A gateway of the abbey is' ftill {landing; and, adjoining.
to the Adam and Eve public-houfe and tea-gardens, is one
of the ftone arches of the abbey, where the ground has been
much raifed. In the kitchen, is a carved graveftone, on
which were once fome infcriptions cut in brafs. In the
garden, is a ftone coffin, dug up in 1770; and, in 1 792, fe-
veral urns, with three leaden coffins, an antique feal, and
fomc old coins, were dug up in a field adjoining to the
Adam and Eve. Mr. Holbrook, the proprietor of the
field, after having built walls with fome of the ftones, fold
large quantities of them to great advantage. In the fame
field, is one of the chapels nearly entire, and now a ftable.

HAMMERSMITH, a village in Middlefex, four miles
from London, on the great weftern road, which, with
Brook Green, Pallenfwick or Stanbrook Green, and Shep-
herd's Bulh, forms the Hammerfmith divifion, orjide, as-
it is termed, of the parilh of Fulham. Here is a nunnery,
which (according to very refpeclable information commu-
nicated to Mr. Lyfons, Vol. II. p. 420) took its rife from
the following circumftance. In 1669, Mrs. Bedingfield
and another lady fet up a boarding- fchool at Hammerfmith,
for young ladies of the Roman Catholic perfuafion. Soon
after its inftitution, the governefles and teachers having vo-
luntarily obliged theinfelves to the obfervance of monaftic
rules, it' obtained tht; name of a nunnery. Its celebrity as a
Roman Catholic fchool has continued during the prefent
century ; and moft of the fafhionable females among the
Roman Catholics have received their education there. It
has kept up its claim alfo to the title, of a nunnery, many



devotees having, from time to time, taken the veil, and
doomed themfelves to voluntary feclufion. At prefent,
^1796) there are only three in the houfe. There is a cha-
pel at the nunnery, and another at Brook Green, where,
alfo, there is a Roman Catholic charity fchool.

At a houfe on the water fide, now occupied as an acade-
my by Air Jones, Queen Catharine, Dowager of Charles II,
refided for fome years during the fummer feafon.-^In Mr.
Cotton's houfe, alfo on the fide of the Thames, are two re-
markably fine catalpa trees, each of them five feet in girth.

Karnmerihiith has a chapel of eafe, which is a curacy, in
the patronage of the Bifnop of London. See Brandenburg

H AMPFTEAD, a large and populous village in Middle-
fex, (our mile*; from London. It lies on the declivity of
a hill, on the fummit of which is an extenfive heath. The
^ine views of the metropolis, and of the diitant country,
which are to be feen from the heath, and from moft parts
of the village, are not the only beauties of the fcene: the
home iandfcape, confifting of broken ground, divided into
inclofures, and well planted with elms and other trees, is
extremely picturefque. On the fide of the hill, to the eaft
of the town, is a fpring of mineral water, ft r ongly impreg-
nated with iron, which was formerly much frequented.
Adjoining to it is a long room, uftd, when the wells were
in fafhion, for promenades, public breakfafh, &c. It is
now converted into a chapel of eafe. In the adjoining
walks, feveral Roman fepulchral urns, vafes, earthen lamps,
&c. were dug up, in 1774-

To the S. W. of Hampftead was an ancient manfion-
lioufe, called Belfyfe, the feat of many perfons of confe-
quence from the reign of Henry VIII. In 17^0, it was
converted into a place of public entertainment ; particular -
Jy for mufic, dancing, and play ; and it was much fre-
quented on account of its vicinity to London. It continu-
ed open till the year 174$, when it experienced the caprice
of fafhion. The old manfion has been pulled down fome
years, and 911 its fite is a modern-built houfe. The eftate
is held under the dean and chapter of Weftminfter, by the
Earl of Chefterfield, whofe under tenant is Mr. Richardfon.
A houfe in Hampftead, now the property of James Pil-


grim, Efq. is hippofed to be that in which the celebrated
Sir Henry Vane relided, at the time of the IU Iteration. It
;.l;n-w;;rd U'iongctl to Ur. Jot'eph Kutler, Hi /hop of Dur-
ham, Author f the Analogy between Natural and Reveal-
ed Religion. That prelate lived here many years, and or-
nn men ted the windows with a confiderable quantity of
Gained glafs. (principally fubjefts from Scripture) which
(till remains there.

On the fide of the hill, is an ancient building called The
Chicken Houie, in a window of which are fmall portraits
in fbined I- la is of James I and the Duke of Buckingham.
Tradition Vays that it was a hunting feat of James II.

Sir R.ich;.r"d > epper Arden has a beautiful villa near the
church; and Lord Chancellor Loughborongh, and the
Hon. ThoiTTiS Erfkine have alfo villas here. See Gr<n.-e Houfe.

'I he chui '< h was confidered as a chapel of cafe to Hendou
till 1477, when it became a perpetual curacy, and hasfince
l.ocn conftantly annexed to the manor, which belongs to
General Sir Thomas Spencer Willbn, Bart. The church
was rebuilt in 1747.

On a tomb in the churchyard, to the memory of the
Hon. Mifs Elizabeth Booth, 'and of her two brothers, (by
whofe death, in 1757, the title of Lord Delamere became
extinct) are the following lines, written by Mr. Cooper,
Author of the Life of Socrates, and of other ingenious

Heav'mvard directed all her days,
Her lif> one act of prayer and praifr,
With every milder grace infpirM,
To make her lov'd, cfteem'd, admir'd:
Crown'd with a cheerfulncfs that fhow'd,
How pure the foutce from whence it flow'd:
Such the maid when in her bloom,
Finding the appointed time was come,
To deep (he funk, without one figh
The faint may fleep, but cannot die.

Reft undifturbM, ye much-';' merited pair,

Tie foiling infanr, nd the rifing heir.

Ak\ what avails it that the bloffoms (hoot,

In early picmifeof matuver fruit,

If de ah's chill harvl (ball nip their infant bloom:

And wiilur ^11 tbeit honours in the tomb?

Yet wctp not it, in life's allotted fhare,

i>iU fltd their youth They 'knew not age's care.



HAMPTON, a village of Middlefex, fituate on the
Thames, oppofite the mouth of the river Mole. It is 14$.
miles from London ; and here is a ferry over the Thames
to Weft Moulfey, and a bridge to Eaft Moulfey. Ad-
joing to this village is

HAMPTON-COURT, a royal palace, fituate on the
north bank of the Thames, two miles from Kingfton. It
was magnificently built with brick, by Cardinal Wolfey,
who fet up 280 filk beds for ftrangers only, and richly
itored it with gold and filver plate; but it raifed fo much,
envy againft him, that, to fcreen himfelf from its effecls,
he gave it to Henry VIII, who, in return, fuffered him to
live in his palace at Richmond. Henry greatly enlarged
it, and it had then five fpacious courts adorned with build-
ings, which, in that age, were greatly admired.

Of the fplendour of this palace we have few remains.
The ancient apartments ftill ftanding, having been origi-
nally ufed merely as domeftic offices, can convey no idea
of the times in which they were built. The principal part
of the old palace was taken down in 1690; and the pre-
fent ftru&ure was raifed by King William, under the di-
reftion of Sir Chriftopher Wren.

The grand faqade toward the garden extends 330 feet,
and that toward the Thames 328. The portico and colon-
nade, of duplicated pillars of the Ionic order, at the grand
entrance, and indeed the general defign of thele elevations,
are in a fuperior ftyle of magnificence.

The park and gardens, with the ground on which the
palace now ftands, are three miles in circumference. On
a pediment in the front of the palace on this fide, is a bas-
relief of the Triumphs of Hercules over Envy ; and facing
it is a large oval bafin, anfwering to the form of this part
of the garden, which is a large oval divided into gravel
walks and parterres.

At the entrance of the grand walk are two marble vaf.s
of exquifite workmanfhip: one faid to be performed by
Cibber, the father of the poet laureat, and the other by a
foreigner : thefe pieces are reported to have been done as
a trial of (kill; but it is difficult to determine which is the
fineft performance. They are adorned with bas-reliefs;
one representing the Triumphs of Bacchus, and the other
M Amphitritc


Amphitrite and the Nereids. At the bottom of this walk,
facing a large canal which extends into the park, are two
other large vafes, the bas-relief on one reprefenting the
Judgment of Paris, and that of the other Meleager hunting
the Wild Boar.

In four of the parterres are four fine brafs ftatues. The
firft is a gladiator. The original was performed by Aga-
fias Dofitheus of Ephefus, and is in the Borghefian palace
at Rome. The fecond, is a young Apollo; the third, a
Diana; and the fourth, Saturn going to devour one of
his children ; all after fine originals.

On the fouth fide of the palace is the privy garden,
which was funk ten feet, to open a view from the apartments
to the Thames. In this garden is a fountain, with two
grand terrace walks.

On the north fide is a tennis court ; and beyond that,
a gate which leads into the wildernefs. Farther on is the
great gate of the gardens. Some of the genteel inhabitants
of Hampton and its vicinity are indulged with a key,
which enables them to vifit the palace and gardens by this

The ufual way of entering the palace is from the town,
through four large brick piers, adorned with the lion and
unicorn, &c. well carved on ftone.

Faffing through a long court, on each fide of which are
ftabling, we come next to the firft portal, decorated with
the heads of four of the Caefars; namely, Tiberius, Vitel-
lius, Trajan, and Adrian.

Through this portal we pafs into a quadrangle, which
leads to a fecond quadrangle, where, over the portal, is a
beautiful clock, by Tompion, on which are the twelve figns
of the zodiac, with the riling and fetting of the lun, the
phafes of the moon, &c. In the front is a portal of brick,
adorned alfo with four heads of the Caefars, without names.

On the left hand of this quadrangle is the great old hall,
in which Queen Caroline erected a theatre, wherein it was
intended that two plays fliould be acted every week, dur-
ing the continuance of the court there ; but only feven plays
were performed in it, by the players from Drury- Lane, the
fummer when it was raifed, and one afterward for the en-


tertainment of the Duke of Lorrain, afterward Emperor
of Germany.

On the oppofite fide of this quadrangle is a ftone colon-
nade of the Ionic order, which leads to the great ftaircafe,
adorned with gilt iron baluftrades, creeled on porphyry.
This ftaircafe, with the ceiling, was -painted by Verrio.

At the top. on the left, are Apollo and the Mufes, at
whofe feet fits Pan, and below them Ceres, holding a wbeat-
fheaf; at her feet is Flora, furrounded by her attendants,
and holding a chaplet of flowers; near her are the two
river gods, Thame and Ifis, with their urns ; and a table
in the middle, on which is a quantity of rich plate, decorat-
ed with flowers.

On the ceiling are Jupiter and Juno, with Ganymede
riding on Jupiter's cngle, and offering the cup : Juno's pea-
cork is in the front; one of the Parcce, with her fcifibrs,
waiting for Jove's orders to cut the thread of life.

Beneath is Venus on a fwan, Mars addrefling her as a
lover, and Cupid on another fwan."- On the right hand
are Pluto and Froferpine, Coelus and- Terra, Cybcle crown-
ed with a tower, &c. Neptune and Amphitnte are in the
front, and two attendants are ferving them with ne&ar and
fruit. Bacchus is leaning on a rich ewer, and, accompa-
nied by his attendants, places his left hand on the head of
Silenus, who fits on an afs that has fallen down, and feems
to catch at a table to which Diana above is pointing. The
table is fupported by eagles : on one fide of it fits Romulus,
the founder of Rome, with a wolf; and, on the other fide,
i? Hercules leaning on his club. Peace holds a laurel in her
right hand, and in her left, a palm over the head of ./Eneas,
who feems inviting the twelve CaelEars, among whom is
Spurina the foothfayer, to a celefiial banquet. Over their
heads the genius of Rome hovers with a flaming fword, the
emblem of deft ru A ion, and a bridle, the emblem of govern-
ment. The next is the Emperor Julian writing at a table,
while Mercury dictates to him. Over the door, at the head
of the (lairs, is a funeral pile.

From the ftaircafe we pafs into the Guard- Cbambtr^

which contains arms for 1000 men, placed in various forms.

Here are the following portraits of Admirals: Sir John

Jennings, -Sir John Leake r Admirals Churchill, Gradon,

M a and


ar.d Ecnhow, Sir John Wifhart, Sir Stafford Fai:bone,
Lord Torrington, Sir Thomas Dilks, Lord Orford, Sir
Charles Wager, Admiral Whetftone, Sir Thomas Hop-
fon, Sir George Rooke, George Prince of Denmark, Sir
Cloudfley Shovel, Admiral Beaumont, Sir John Munden.
Lord Orford, is by Brockman ; Sir John Wifhart, and the
laft feven are by Dahl ; and the others by KneJler.

The King's 'Firji Prrfence-Cbamber, hung with tapeftry,
repreftnting the ftories of Tobit and Tobias, and Midas.
In this room is a fine picture, by Kneller, of King William,
on a grey horfe ; the Marquis of Hamilton, Mytens ; and
two pieces, one of architecture, the other of ruins, Rouf-

The Second Pre fence Climber , hung with tapeftry: the
fubjeft, Abraham offering up Ifaac. Here are Chriftian IV,
of Denmark, Vanfomer ; Ifaac and Rebecca, a iandfcape,
Zucarelli ; and three pieces of ruins and landfcapes, Rouf-

The Kite's Audience Clamber ^ hung with tapeftry, \vliii h
rcprtiVnts God appearing ro Abraham, Abraham purcha-
iing a buryingplace ior Sarah, and entertaining the three
Angels. In this room is a Iandfcape with Moles, by Zu-
carelli ; Elizabeth Queen of Bohemia, daughter of James I,
Honthorft: and two Madonnas, Corregio.
' The 'Draining Room, hung with tapeftry; the fubjecl,
Abraham fending his fervam to get a wife for Ifaac, and
Rebecca openir.g the trunks of treafure. Jn this room is a
whole length of Charles I, by Vandyck : the Cornaro fa-
mily, after Titian, by Old Stone; David with Goliah's
head, Fetti ; and the Holy Family, Schidonc.

The Kings State Bed Chamber, hung with tapeftry, repre-
fenting the hiftory of Joflma. The ceiling, by Verrio, re-
prefents Endyinion and Diana. On another part of the
ceiling is a fine figure of Somnus, with his attendants. The
paintings are Jofeph and his Miftrefs, Orazio Gentilefchi ;
a Flower piece, Baptift; ditto, Bogdane; and Anne, Duch-
efs of York, Lely.

The Kings DreJJing Roam, the ceiling painted by Verrio;
Mars is deeping in the lap of Venus, while fome Cupids
fteal away his armour, and others are binding him with
fetters ot roles. This room contains a Flower-piece by Old



Baptift ; Flowers, Withoos; Dead Game, Van Aelft ; a
Saint's Head, G. Douw ; Chrift and St. John, Da Vinci ;
Francis I, of France, and his Queen, Jannet ; Refhemeer,
Holbein; Angel and St. Peter, Steenwyck; Charles I, on
horfeback, Vandyck ; the Great Mogul ; a Landfcape with
figures, P. Brill; Lot and his Daughters, Poelemburg ; a
Battle, Wouvermans; Diana and Nymphs bathing, Poel-
emburg ; the Infide of a Church, with the Woman taken
in Adultery, (the figures by Old Franks) Deneef; Henry
VIII, Holbein ; Erafmus, Ditto ; a Woman finging, and a
Man, G. Douw ; and a Flower-piece, Young Baptilt.

In the Kings Writing Cldfet are the Shepherd's Offering,
Old Palma; Queen Henrietta, after Vandyck, Gibfon ;
Sacharifla, Ruflel; the Centaur carrying away the Wife of
Hercules, after Julio Romano ; a Flower-piece, Bogdane ;
Judith and Holofernes, P. Veronefe; a Magdalen's Head,
Salfo Ferrato ; David and Goliah ; Adminiftration of the
Sacrament, BafTan ; the Judgment of Paris, fiom Raphael;
Nymphs and Satyrs, by Poelemburg ; a Landfcape, with
Cattle, Vandervelde ; the Head of Cyrus brought to Tho-

Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 12 of 30)