F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

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Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 15 of 30)
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ing thefe piclures of King William and Queen Mary.

The Cube Room: here are fix Gods and God defies; over
the chimney is Cleopatra, antique; and above her is a Ro-
man Marriage, in marble, by Ryfbrack.

The Great D> aiuiitg-Rocm : Charles I and his Queen,
Vandyck ; Jacob's Separation, Bafian ; Audience of Sir
Henry Wotton, in th- Senate Houfe ?.t Venice, Fialletti ;
Holbein's Head, in water colours, by himfelf; Flaying of
St. Bartholomew ; Holbein's Wife's' Head, in water co-
Jo'jrs, Holbein; Venus and Cupid, Mich. Angelo ; Charles
XI of Sweden, on Horfeback, Wyck ; Duke of Wharton,
Rofalba ; a Tyro!efe Girl, ditto ; 'Rofalba's Head, by her-
felf; Duke of Buckingham and his Family, Hon.horft; a
Wild Boar's Head, Snydeis; the Tsking'of Tournay, by
Marlborough, Wootto'n; St. Petev and the Angel, Steen-
wyck ; St. John, Leonard Spado ^ a Nak^d. Venus, Titian;
O a a Madonu,


a Madonna, with St. Catharine, and St. John with a Lamb,
OkiPalma; our Saviour healing the Blind, Verrio ; St.
Catharine at the Altar, Veronefe ; the Taking of Lifle, by
Marlborough, Wootton. .

The King's State Bed Chamber: a Man's Head; Mary
Queen of Scots. Jannet ; four Cartoons, by Carlo Cignani,
namely, Pan and" Cupid, Bacchus and Ariadne, Apollo and
Daphne, and the Triumph of Venus ; a Woman's Head.

The Pruffian Clr/et : the Hungarians at Ovid's Tomb,
Schonfeld ; Lucretia, after Caracci ; Herodias 1 Daughter,
with the Baptift's Head, Da V inci ; a Doge of Venice,

The Gtew Clojet : a Landfcape, Paul Brill ; a Woman
aflcep, G. Douw ; the Adoration of the Shepherds, Zuc-
chero; Mars, Venus, and Cupid, Veronefe; an Italian
Mufician, Giorgione; fix long narrow flips, with figures
and trees, Schiavoni ; our Saviour and Wary Magdalen at
the tomb, Holbein ; an Altai-piece ; Sophonifba, Gaetano ;
faint Catharine, Da Vinci ; a Woman going to ftab her-
{elf, Falamedes ; Henry VII and V11I, with their Queens,
Keemi; Francis II of France, when Dauphin, Jannet ;
Lucretia, Titian ; a Witch riding on a Goat, with Boys,
tlfniemer ; Nymphs bathing ; Peter and the Angel, Steen-
wyck; Venus and Satyrs, with Cupids, Rottenhamer ;
Mary Queen of Scots, Jannet ; the fccond Earl and Coun-
tefs of Clarendon, Ltly; Elizabeth Queen of Bohemia,
grandmother of George I, Cor. Janffen ; her fevcn Chil-
dren; her Confort, Cor. Janflen; Arthur, Henry, and Mar-
gr ; ret, Children of Henry VII, Mabufe ; Frobenius, Prin-
ter to Erafmus, Holbein; Erafmus, ditto; a fmall Land-
fcape, manner of Ferg ; the Virgin and Child, with Tobit
and the Angel, Titian; Virgin and Child, St. Catharine,
and St. Ignatius, Giorgione ; Boys, PolHdore; a Land-
fcape, Eveidingen ; a China Difh with Heart Cherries, Da-
niel Nes; a Lancifcape, Mola ; Niobe's Children (hot out
of the Clouds, Rottenhamer ; St. John, with a Lamb ; Ve-
nus and Adonis. This Room was King William's writing
clofct, in which are his table and efcritor.

His Mdjejiys Gallery: Queen Mary, Wiffing ; Adoration
of the Kings, Seb. Ricci ; King William, Wiffing ; Henry
bommers, Jefter to Henry VIII, Holbein ; Van Cleeve's



Wife, by himfelf ; Prince Charles of Meckleriburgh, Zof-
fani; Duke of Alva, Titian ; Prince Charles of Mecklen-
burg's Wife, Zoffani ; Van Cleeve, by himfelf; Charles 1,
on horfeback, Dobfon; William Duke of Gloucefter, a
who!e length, Claret; Queen Anne, when Princefs, Kneller;
Inigo Jones, Nogary; William Duke of Gloucefter, Knel-
ler; Henry Prince of Wales, fon to James I, My tens; Hen-
ry IV, of France, Pourbus; Edward VI, Holbein; Julio
Romano; Catharine of Medicis; the Nabob of Arcot,
Willifon ; Mary of Medicis, Pourbus; Queen Elizabeth,
when young ; Paul Veronefe ; Princefs Anne, with a Dog;
George Prince of Denmark, Dahl ; James I, Vanfomer ;
a Man in Black, Tintoret; Queen Henrietta, Vandyck;
Guercino, by himfelf ; a Lady's Head, More; Duchefs of
Richmond, in Man's Apparel, Houfeman ; Holbein, a
Head ; the Queen, Prince William, and Prince Edward,
Ramfey ; George I, Vanderbank ; Mich. Angelo, a Head;
"d ward Duke of York, Eatoni; Charles I, Vandyck; a
H,ead ; Charles II, Wiffing ; a Man in Armour, Giorgi-
o(\e ; Sir Henry Guilford, Holbein ; a Portrait with a ruff,
Vandyck; Bifhop of Ofnaburgh, Zoffani; a Dominican
Friar; Artemifia Gentilefchi, by herfelf; Henry VIII,
Holbein ; a Portrait, Rembrandt ; Duchefs of York, Lely;
Duke of York, ditto ; a large drawing of the Transfigura-
tion, after Raphael, Cafanova.

We are next conducted down ftairs to the Guard Cham'
ber, in which is a painting of Queen .Elizabeth's gigantic
porter, by Zucchero.

This palace was the frequent refidence of King Williams
and Queen Mary, Queen Anne, George I, and the late
King. Thefe monarchs (George I excepted, who died at
Hanover) all expired within its walls, as did Prince George
of Denmark, Queen Anne's confort, in 1 708. During the
prefent reign, Kenfmgton has been entirely for&ken by the
royal family.

KENTISH TOWN, a village in the parifh of Pancras,
between London and Hampftead, containing feveral hand-
fome houfes, particularly an elegant feat built by the late
Gregory Batemaus, Efq. as a kind of miniature of Wanfied
Houfe. It is the property of MefTrs. Biddulph, Cocks,
Cocks, and Ridge, Bankers, and the refidence of Richard
O 3 Johnfon,


Johnfon, Efq. Here is a handfome chapel of eafe to St*

KEN WOOD, the beautiful feat of the Earl of Mans-
field, iituate in the parifh of Pancras, on a fine eminence
between Hampftead and Highgate. Jt was purchafed, in
1755, of the Earl of Bute, by the late venerable Earl of
Mansfield, then Attorney General, who improved the
whole, with the utmoft elegance, after the dcfigns of the
celebrated architects of the Adelphi. The grand front,
which is near the fide of the road leading from Highgate
to Hampftead, is oppofite the wood that gives name to the
houfe. The garden front, which is more extenfive than
the other, commands a fine view of rich meadows, falling
in a gentle defcent, and relieved by fome noble pieces of
water, that fupply part of the metropolis: but this view is
terminated by what can add no beauty to rural fcenery, the
fpires of London, enveloped in fogs and fmoke. The moft
remarkable room in the houfe is the library, a very beau-
tiful apartment, 60 feet by 21, defigned by Adam, -and or-
namented with paintings by Zucchi. In this room is a
whole length, of the late Earl by Martin, and a fine buft of
him by Nollekens. There is another buft of his Lordfliip,
when young, in the hall ; one of Sir Ifaac Newton ; and
the antique buft of Homer, which was bequeathed to him
by Pope. The paintings in the hall are by Rebecca. In
the breakfaft parlour is a buft of Pope, and a portrait of
Sir Chriftopher Hatton. In the other rooms are fome por-
traits well deferving of notice ; particularly thofe of Pope,
Garrick, the Duchefs of Queenfberry, and a good head of
Betterton, the tragedian, faid to be by Pope, who had been
inftructed in the art of painting by his friend Jarvis. The
prefent Earl has improved and enlarged this houfe very
confiderably : Saunders was his architect.

The pleafure-grounds, including the wood which gives
name to the place, contain about forty acres. Their fitua-
tion is naturally very beautiful ; and the hand of art has
been fuccefsfully employed in making them ftill more pic-
turefque. On the right of the garden front of the houfe,
is a hanging wood of tall fpreading trees ; and, on the left,
the rifing hills are planted with clumps that produce a pleai-
ing effecl. A fweet fhrubbery immediately before this


K E W. Ifl

front, a ferpentine piece of water, render the whole a very
enlivening fcehe. The cedars of Libanus, though young,
are very fine, and are fhot up to a great height with their
leaders entire. One of them was planted with his own,
hands by the late Earl. The inclofed fields, adjoining to
the pleasure- grounds, contain about thirty acres. Hornfey
great woods, held by the Earl of Mansfield under the Bifhop
of London, join this eftate on the north, and have been
lately added to the inclofures.

KESTON, a village in Kent, five miles from Bromley,
in the road to "Wefterham. At Holwood Hill, in this pa-
rifii, are the remains of a large fortification, (probably a
Roman one) of an oblong form ; the area of which is part-
ly inclofed by rampires and double ditches of a great height
and depth. It is two miles in circumference, inclofing
near 100 acres of ground. A path defcends from the
camp to the fpring-head of the river Ravenfbourne. Of
this fpring an excellent cold bath was formed, furrounded
by pales and trees ; but thefe have been long neglected and
deftroyed. This river flows hence through Bromley and
Hayes, to Beckenham and Lewifham, andcrofling the great
road at Deptford bridge, falls into the Thames below. See
Holivood Houje.

KEW, a village in Surry, formerly a hamlet of Kingfton,
but united to Petermam, as one vicarage, by aft of Parlia-
ment in 1769. It is feated on the Thames, feven miles
from London. Here is a chapel, erected at the expence of
the nobility and gentry in the neighbourhood, on a piece
of ground given by Queen Anne. Againft the fouth wall
is a tablet to the memory of Jeremiah Meyer, a celebrated
miniature painter, with thefe verfes by Hayley :

Meyer ! in thy works the world will ever fee,

How great the lofs of art in lofmg thee;

But love and forrow find their words too wesk

Nature's keen fufferings on thy death to fpe:k;

Through all her duties what a heart was thine!

In this cold duft, whr.t fpirit ufcd to (hine!

Fancy, and truth, and gaiety, and zeal,

"What moft we love in life and lofing feel.

Age after age may not one artift yield

Equal to thce in piinting's nicer field.

And ne'er fhall for rowing earth to heaven commend

A fonder parent, or a truer friend.



In the cemetery adjoining, is interred the celebrated artift,
Thomas Gainiborough. A flat ftone juft records his name
nnd the day of his exit from this mortal fcene. The wood-
lands of Suffolk were his firft academy, where Nature her-
felf taught him to (ketch the rude rural landfcape, between
the Tender years of ten and twelve. His talents, when ma-
rurcd by cultivation, produced the molt exquifite approach-
es to perfection in his art. On Kew Green, on the fite of
Mrs. Theobalds' beautiful gardens, once ftood a houfe>4he
favourite retirement, in the latter part of his life, of Sir
Peter Lely. Here is a ftone bridge, of feven arches, over
the Thames, from a defign of Paine's. It was opened in
1 789, and is private property. The width is too contract-
ed for its length and height ; it has neither a pavement for
foot paffengers, nor recefies for fhelter in cafe of danger.

KEW PALACE, now a royal palace, was the property
of Samuel Moliaeux, Efq. Secretary to George II, when
Prince of Wales. The late Frederic Prince of Wales took
a long Icafe of the houfe ; and it is now held by his Majef-
ty on the fame tenure. The houfe was improved by Kent,
and contains fome pictures ; among which are a portrait of
Lord Burleigh, and the celebrated picture of the Florence
Gallery, by Zoffani. In the long room, above flairs, is a
fet of Canaletti's works. The gardens, which contain 120
acres, were begun by the late Prince of Wales, and finifh-
ed by the Princefs Dowager ; and of thefe we fhall give
a description, in the words of the late Sir William Cham-

"The gardens of Kew are not very large; nor is their
fituation advantageous, as it is low, and commands no prof-
peels. Originally the ground was one continued dead flat;
the foil was in general barren, and without either wood or
water. With lo many difadvantages, it was not eafy to
produce any thing even tolerable in gardening; but prince-
ly munificence overcame all difficulties. What was once a
defert, is now an Eden.

" On entering the garden from the palace, and turniog
toward the left hand, the firft building which appears is

The Orangery or Greenboufe. The defign is mine ; and it
was built in 1761. The front extends 14.5 feet : the room
is 142 feet long, 30 feet wide, and 25 high. In the back



fhade are two furnaces to heat flues, laid under the pave-
ment of the orangery, which are found very necefiary in.
times of hard frolr.

The Temple of the Sun is fituated in an open grove near
the orangery, in the way to the phyfic-gardens. Its figure
is of the circular peripteros kind, but without an attic;
and there is a particularity in the entablature, the hint of
which is taken from one of the temples of Balbec. The
ordti is Corinthian, the columns fluted, and the entabla-
ture fully enriched. Over each column, on the frize, are
baffo- relievos, reprefenting lyres and fprigs of laurel ; and
round the upper part of the cell are fufpended feftoons of
fruits and flowers. The infide of the cell forms a faloon
richly finifhed and gilt. In the centre of its cove is repre-
fented the fun ; and on the frize, in twelve compartments,
funounded with branches of laurel, are reprefented the
figns of the zodiac in baflb- relievo. This building was
creeled in 1761.

The next objeft to which we are conduced by Sir Wil-
liam Chambers, is The Phyjie or Exotic Garden : 'but as this
was in its infancy in 1763, when Sir William publifhed his
Defcription, we thall omit his account of it.

" Contiguous to the Exotic Garden," proceeds Sir Wil-
liam, " is The Flvwer Garden, of which the principal en-
trance, with a ftand on each fide of it for rare flowers,
forms one end. The two fides are inclofed wi' i high trees,
and the end facing the principal entrance is occupied by an
aviary of a vaft depth, in which is kept a numerous collec-
tion of birds, both foreign and domeftic. The parterre is
divided by walks into a great number of beds, in which
all kinds of beautiful flowers are to be feen during the great-
eft part of the year; and in its centre is a bafon of water,
ftocked with gold-fifh.

" From the Flower Garden a fliort winding walk leads to
The Menagerie. It is of an oval figure; the centre is occu-
pied by a large bafon of water, furrounded by a walk; and
the whole is inclofed by a range of pens, or large cages,
in which are kept great numbers of Chinefe and Tartarian
pheafants, befide many other forts of large exotic birds.
The bafon is ftocked with fuch water-fowl as are too ten-
der to live on the lake j and in the middle of it ftands a pa-



villion of an irregular ortagon plan, defigned by me, in
imitation of a Chinefe opening, and executed in 1760.

' Xrar the Menagerie fhnds The Temple ofJBiilova, de-
figned and built by me in i 760. It is of the proftyle kind ;
the portico trtraftyle Doric; the metopes alternately en-
riched with helmets and daggers, and vafes and pateras.
The cell is rectangular, and of a fequiaiteral proportion,
but cloted with an elliptical dome, from which it receives
the light.

" Palling from the Menagerie toward the lake, in n foli-
tary walk on the left, is Toe Temple of the God Pen, of the
inonopteros kind, but clofed on the fide toward the thicket,
in order to make it ferve for a feat. It is of the Doric or-
der ; the profile imitated from that of the theatre of Mar-
cellus at Rome, and the metopes enriched with ox fcuils and
pmeras. It was built by me in 1758.

" Not far from the lalt defcribed, on an eminence, ftands
The Temple, of Eolui, like that of Pan, of the monopteros
figure. The order is a com polite, in which the Doric is
uredominant. Within the columns is a large femicii xtilar
pii he, ferving as a feat which revolves on a pivot, and may
with great eafe be turned by one hand to any expofition,
notwithstanding its fize. The Temple of Solitude is fitu-
ated very near the fouth front of the palace.

" At the head of the lake, and near the Temple of Eolus,
ftands a Chinefe oftagon building of two flories, built,
many years ago, from the defigns-of Goupy. It is called
The Hovfc of Confucius. The lower ftory confitts of one
room and two clofets; and the upper ftory ib one little fa-
Joon. commanding a very pleafing profpeft over the Jake
and gardens. Its walls and ceiling are painted with gro-
tefque ornaments, and little hiftorical fuhjecls relating to
Confucius, with feveral tranfaclions of the Chriftian mif-
fions in China. The fofa and chairs were defigned by Kent,
and their feats and backs are covered with tape (try of the
Gobelins. In a thicket, near the Houfe of Confucius, is
erected the engine which fupplies the lake and bafons in
the gardens with water. It was contrived by Mr. Smea-
ton, and executed in 1 761. It anfwers perfectly well, raif-
ing, by two horfes, upward of 3600 hogfheads of water in
twelve hours.

" From


; From the Houfe of Confucius a covered clofe walk
leads to a grove, where is piared a femi oclagon leaf, de-
figned by Kent. A winding walk, on the right of the
gi ove, leads to an open plain, on one fide of which, backed
with thickets, on a riling ground, is'piaced a Corinthian co-
lonnade, dehgnedand built by me in 1760, and called I he
Theatre of Augufla. v

The Temple of yiftoryi* the next object. It (lands on a
hill, and was built in commemoration 'of the victory ob-
tained in 1759, near Minden, by Prince Ferdinand of
Brunfwick, over Marflial de Contades.

"The figure is the circular peripteros; the order Ionic
decaftyle, fluted and richly finifhed. The frize is adorned
with foliages ; and round the Attic are fufpended feftoons
of laurel. The cell, which commands a pretty profpecl to-
ward Richmond, and over Middielex, is neatly finifhed with
ftucco ornaments. Thofe in the ceiling reprefent ftandards
and other 1 rench trophies. The whole was defigned by
me, and executed in 1759.

" As you pafs from the Temple of Victory toward the
upper part of the gardens, are feen the ruins of an arch,
furrounded by feveral veftiges of other ftruftures. Its de-
fcription will be given hereafter.

" The upper part of the garden compofes a large wil-
dernefs; on the border of which ftands a Moresque build-
ing, commonly called The Albambra,, confifting ot a faloon,
fronted with a portico of coupled columns, and crowned-
with a lantern. -

" On an open fpace, near the centre of the fame wilder-
nefs, is erected the tower, commonly called The Great Pa-
goda. It was begun in the autumn of the year 1761, and
covered in the fpring of the year 1762. The defign is an
imitation of the Chinefe TA A. The bafe is a regular ocla-
gon, 49 feet in diameter; and the fuperftructure is likewife
a regular octagon on its plan, and in its elevation compofed
often prifms, which form the ten different itoiies of the
building. The loweft of thefe is 26 feet in diameter, ex-
clufive of the portico which furrounds it, and 18 feet high;
the ftcond is 25 feet in diameter, and 17 feet high; and all
the reft diminim in diameter and height, in the fame arith-
metical proportion, to the ninth ftory, which is 18 feet in



diameter, and ten feet high. The tenth flory is 17 feet in
diameter, and, with the covering 20 feet high; and the fi-
iiimiiie; on the top is 17 feet high; fo that the whole ftrv.c-
ture, from the bafe to the top of the fleuron, is 163 feet.
Each ftory finiflies with a projecting roof, after the Chinefe
manner, covered with plates of varnifhed iron of different
colours, and round each of them is a gallery inclofed with a
rail. All the angles of the roof Hre adorned with large dra-
gons, 80 in number, covered with a kind of thin glafs f va-
rioxis colours, which produces a moft dazzling reflection ;
and the whole ornament at the top is double gilt. The walls
of the building are compofcd of very hard bricks ; the out-
fide of well -co loured and well-matched greyftocks, neatly
laid, and with fuch care, that there is not the leaft crack or
fracture in the whole flructure, notwithstanding its great
height, and the expedition with which it was built. The
ftaircafe is in the centre of the building. The profpects
open as you advance in height; and from the top you com-
mand a very extend ve view on all fides, and, in fome direc-
tions, upward of 40 miles diftance, over a rich and varie-
gated country-

" Near the grand Pagoda, on a rifi'ng ground, backed
with thickets, ftands The Mofque, which was defigned and
built by me in the year 1761. The body of the building
confifts of an octagon faloon in the centre, flanked with
two cabinets, finifhing with one large dome and two fmall
ones. The large dome is crowned with a crefcent, and its
upright part contains 28 little arches, which give light to
the faloon. On the three front fides of the central octagon,
are three doors, giving entrance to the building ; over each
of which there is an Arabic infcription, in golden charac-
ters, extracted from the Alcoran, by Dr. Moretoii, from
whom I had the follbwing explanation, viz.

Ne (it coa&'.o in religior.e.

Ison eft Deus ullus pvaster T?cum.

Ne ponatis Deo iimilitudinem.

" The minarets are placed at each end of the principal
building. In my defign of them, as well as in the whole
exterior decorurion of the bt:i!dingitfelf. I have endeavour-
ed to collect the principal particulars of theTurkifli archi-
tecture. With regard to the interior decoration, I have



rot fo fcrupuloufly adhered to their ftyle in building, but
have aimed at foraething uncommon, and at the fame time
pleafing. The walls of the cabinet are painted of a rich,
rofe colour, and thofe of the faloon are ftraw -coloured At
the e/jht angles of the room are palm-trees modelled in
ftucco, painted and varniftied with various hues of green, in.
imitation of nature; which at the top fpread and fupport
the dome, reprefented as formed of reeds bound together
with ribbons of fiik. The cove is fuppofed to be perforat-
ed, and a brilliant funny fky appears, finely painted by Mr.
Wilfon, the celebrated landfcape painter.

" In the way from the Mofque, toward the palace, is a.
Gothic building, the front reprefenting a cathedral.

" The Gallery of Antiques was defagned by me, and ex-
ecuted in 1757.

" Continuing your way from the lali mentioned build-
ing toward the palace, near the banks of the Like, ftands
The Tem+lt of Aretbufa, a fmall Ionic building of four co-
lumns. It was dehgned and built by me in 1758.

" Near it is a bridge thrown over a narrow channel of
water, and leading to the ifland in the lake. The defign is,
in a great meafure, taken from one of Palladio's wooden
bridges. It was creeled in one night.

" In various parts of the garden, are erected covered
feats, executed from two defigns competed by me in 1758.

" There is alfo a Temple, defigned by me, in comme-
moration of the peace of 1763. The portico is hexaftvle
Ionic, the columns fluted, the entablature enriched, and
the tympan of the pediment adorned with bafTo-relievos.
The cell is in the form of a Latin crofs, the ends of which
are inclofed by femicircuhr fweep*, wherein are niches to
receive Ihtuesv It is richly furniflied with ftucco ornaments,
allufive to the occafion on which it was erected.

" The Ruin was defigned and. built by me in 1759, to
make a paflage for carriages and cattle over one of the prin-
cipal walks of the gai;deo. My intention waa to imitate n
Roman antiquity, buitt of brick, with an mcrufhtion of
Hone. The delign is a triumphal arch, original I v \
three apertures, but two of them are now doled up, met
converted into rooms, to which you enter by doors made
iu the fides of the principal arch. The foffit of the rriivi-
P pal


paVarch is enriched with coffers aud rofts, and both te
irontj of tlu' ft rufture are rtiftic. The north front is con-
fined between rock:*, overgrown with briars and other wild
plants, and topped with thickets, amongft which are feeir
feveral columns and other fragments of buildings; rod at
a little diihnce beyond the arch is feen an antique ilatue of
a Mufe. The central fti ufture of the ruins is bounded on
each fide by a range of arches. There is a great quantity
of cornice?, and other fragments, fpread over the ground,
fremingly fallen from the building; and in the thickets on
each fide are feeu feveral remains of piers, brick, walls,

Thefe gardens are opened every Monday, from Midfum-
rner to the-end of Autumn. The Exotic Garden, fince Sir
William Chambers wrote this account, has been enriched
with a great number of new plants; with feveral, in parti-
cular, from New South Wales. They were under the care

Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 15 of 30)