F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

. (page 16 of 30)
Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 16 of 30)
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of the late Mr. Aiton, celebrated throughout Europe for
iiis excellent work, " Hortus Kewenfis."

So fits emhrcn'd in vrgrtablc pride
Imperial Kcw by Thames's glittering fide;
Obedient fails from realms unfurrow'd bring
From her the unnam'd progeny of fprirg;
Attendant nymphs her dulcet mandates hear,
And nurfe in f )>lcri:ig ar.ns the tender year,
Plant the young bulb, inhume the living feed,
Prop the weak flem, :he erring tendril lead;
Or fan in ghf>-built fanes the ftranger flowers
With miliki- s;aic;, and fteep with warming fhowcrs.
Delighted Tl-anies through tropic umbrage glides,
And flowers auurdic, bending o'er his tides;
Drinks the new tints, the fweets unknown inhales,
And calls the fens of fcicnce to his vales.
In uf.Q bright point admiring Nature eyes
The. r'l uits a~d foliage of difco dant il^ies,
Twines the gay floret with the fragrant bougb,
And binds the wreath numd George's royal brow.
Sometimes retiring, from the public weal
One tranquil hour the Royal Partners fte:-l;
Through glades ex , tic pals with fteps fublime,
Or nmrk the growths of Britain's ruppier clime.
With beauty blcITjnrd and. with virtue blazM,

Mark the fair fcions that themfelves have rais'd ;

Sweet blooms the Rofe. the towering Oak expands,

The gra;c and guard of Briton's golden lands. DA* wiv.


K*l tf- 159

The old houle, oppofite the palace, was taken on n long
leafe, bv Queen Caroline of the defendants of Sir Richard
Levett, arid has been inhabited by different branches of the
rc-'-:i! family. The Prince of Wales was educated there,
under the Yuperintendence of the prefent Archbifhip of
York. This hoofe was bought in 1761, for litr MrMcfty.

KILBOURN, a village of Middlefex, in the partthof
Kampftead. It is two miles from London, in the road to-
Edi,ware, and is famous for its fine fpring of mineral wa-
ter, belonging to a tea-drinking houfe called Kilbourn
Wells. Near this was once a hermitage, converted after-
ward into a nunnery: there are no\v no remains of it.

KINGSBURY, to the N. of. St. AJban's, is the fits of a
palace of the Saxon princes, who, by their freqiicnt vifits ta
the neighbouring ibbey, became an uii'upppVtnble burthen,
till Abbot Aifiic prevailed on .vheircd 11. to difpolcof it.

KINGSLAND, a hamlet, partly in the pariQi of Hack-
ney, and pan'.y in that of 1f;intoi5, had formerly an an-
cient hofpital, or home of lepers, called L? L<.qac-s; an otr-
folete French word, fignifying rags, whence a IKK was for-
merly ufed as a ; no . mo;:s ter:n \vi'h a Jazar, or poor
houfe; and heiuv, in a periodical paper written in its fa-
vour, in 1713, (the Tatler, No. 17) this place is called the
Lick H(fpital. This hofpital was long an appe:u:age to St.
Bartholomew s in London, and Was ufed as a kind of outer
ward, till 1701,^ when all the patients were reproved from
Kingfland, and the fite of the hofpitai was let on a building
Jeafe. Tl'.e neighbouring inhabitants having petitioned
that the clapel might continue, it was repaired according-
ly; the Chaplain being appointed by the Governors of St.

KINCiSBURY, a village in Middlefex, eight miles north
weft oi London. Its name denotes it to have been a royal
refidence, perhaps of fome of the Saxon monarchs.

KING'S LANGLEY, near Abbot's Lnngley, in Herts,,
received its name from a royal palace built here by Henry
Hi, the ruins of which are Itili to be f*en. Richard II wa's
buried in its monaftery, but afterward removed to Weifri
remitter by Henry V. Here was alto born and buried Ed-
mund ofLangley, Duke of York, fon of Edward III. The
palace, park, and manor, were given l>y James I, to Henry
P 2 Prince


Prince of Wale5. The Earl of Eflex is now Lord of the

M r.

KINGSTON HOUSE, the feat of the late celebrated
Diuhefs of Kingfton, now of Sir George Warren, K. B.
fitnate on the fouth iide of Knightfbridge, near Kenfington
Gore, but in the parifb of St. Margaret, Weftminfter.

KINGSTON I) POM THAMES, a market-town in
Sun y, 1 1 1 miles from London, was either a royal refidence,
or a royal dcmcfne, fo early as the union of the Saxon hep-
t..rthy ; for there is a record extaht of a council held there
in 8}8, at which Egbert, the firft King of all England, and
his fon Athehvolf, were prefent ; and in this record it is
Irvltd KfningcHfiun, ftui.cfn ilia Item. Some of our Saxon
Kings wire :illo crowned here ; and clofe to the north fide
of the church re a large itone, on which, according to tra-
ciirion, they were placed during the ceremony Adjoining
to the fame fide, was formerly a chapel, in which were the
figures of feme of the Saxon Kings that were crowned here,
:>r.d alfo that of King John, who gave the inhabitants their
fiifl chaiter. Of thefe kings Mr. Lyfons g'rves the follow-
ing account, on the authority of our ancient hiftorians;
viz. Edward the elder, crowned A. D. 900; his fern Athel-
lian, in 925 ; Edmund, in 940; Eldred, or Edred, in 946;
Fdwy, or Edwin, in 95 5; Edward the Martyr, in 975;
and Ethelred in 978; Edgar, who fucceeded to the throne
in 959, is faid to have been crowned either at Kingfton or
at Bath. In the infcriptions over thefe figHi'es, fbme of
them were faid to be crowned in the market-place, and
ethers in the chapel; but no particular fpot is mentioned
in the old chronicles. Thefe figures were deilroyed by the
fall of the chapel in 1730; at which time Abraham Ham-
merton, the fexton of this parifh, digging a grave, was bu-
ried under the luins, with another perfon, and his daughter
Efther. The latter, notwithflanding fhe lay covered leven
hours, furvived this misfortune 17 years, and was her fa-
ther's fucceflbr. The memory of this event is preferved by
a print of this fingular woman, engraved by M'ArdelK
Kingfton fent members to parliament in the reign of thefe-
cond and third Edwards; and ceafed to be a borough, iu
confequence of a petition from the corporation, praying to
be relieved from the burden of fending members. Here is

a wooden

K N I l6 I

a wooden bridge over the Thames, and afreefcfiool, found-
ed by Queen Elizabeth, the fchooi-room of which is an an-
cient chapel, that belonged to the denioliflied hofpital of
St. Mary Magdalen. Here aifo is an almfnoufe, built, in
1668, by Alderman Cleave, for fix men, and as many wo-
rnen. The lent affizes are held here. In this place is Cah-
bury-Houfe, the feat of John Henry Parker, Efq. near
which is a fpacious barn, in which twelve teams' may un-
load at once. It has four entrances, four threfhing floors,
and is fupported by twelve pillars. In the hamlet of Nor-
biton (which is-the entrance into the town from London)
is Norbiton Hall, the feat of Thomas Lintail, Efq. Norbi-
ton Place, belonging to John Sherrnr, Efq. ; and the hand-
forne houfe of William Bowles, Efq. At the other extre-
mity of the town, is the hamlet of burbiton, in which, on
the banks of the Thames, is the villa of Edward Fuhr, Efq.
and farther on, in the road to Ewe!, is Surbiton Houfe,
the ftat of Thomas FalU-tt, Efq. whofe gardens extend to
the Thames. In 1769, nn act of parliament was ob-
tained, for feparating the pariih church of Kingiton, and
its dependent chapels of Richmond, Monfley, Tharrtes Dit-
ton, Pereruiam, and Kew, and forming the whole pariih
into two vicarages and two perpetual curacies. See

KINGSWOOD LODGE, the elegant feat of William
Smith, Efq. on Cooper's Hill, in the parifti of Egham.
Near the houfe is placed a feat, which the lovers of poetry
will deem facred ; it being on the very fpot whence Den-
ham took his view ot the rich and various fcenery, dcfcrib-
ed in his celebrated poem. From this houfe, which is 19
miles from London, the hour and minute hands of St.
Paul's clock h?.ve, by the aid of a telefcope, been diftinclly

KIPPINGTON, near Sevenoaks, in Kent, the feat of
Sir Charles Farnaby RadclifFe, J3art.

KNIGHTSBRIDGE, the firft village from London, in
the great weftern road, is fituated in the pariflies of Chelfea,
St. George Hanover-fquare, and St. Margaret, Weftmiu-
fter, but has a chapel independent of thole pariflies. On
the fouth fide of Knighdbridge, near Kenfington Gore,
but in the parifli of St. Margaret, are fome handfome in-
fulated villas, particularly thofe of James Vere, Efq. Sir
P 3 Geor

l62 K N O

George Warren, K. B. and the Duke of Rutland. See
Kintjion Houfe.

Hyde-Park- Corner, on the fouth fide of the road,
is St. George's Holpital for the fick and lame. The centre
part was the feat of James Lane, Vifcount Laneiborough,
who died there in 1724; and is recorded by Pope in this
memorable line :

Sober Laneiborough dancing with the gout.

KNIGHT's HILL, the feat of Lord Thurlow, in the
parifli of Lambeth, between Dulwich and Norwood.
When his Lordfhip purchafed this eftate of the Duke of St.
Alban's, a few years ago, there was only a farm-houfe upon
it, which he new- fronted ; building, at the fame time, fome
addittonal apartments. - But he afterward took the whole
down, and erected the prefent manfion, in a plain and firrr-
p'e ftyle, under the direction of Mr. Holland. This houfe
is the firil that was ever finifhed throughout with the new-
invented cone flooring. From the upper ftories are de-
lightful views over Keuf, Surry, and the metropolis; and
the Thames is difcernible, in various parts, from Chelfea
to Gravefend. His Lordfhip has not yet thought proper
to live in this houfe, but refides in a fmailer one in the

KNOLE, the feat of the Duke of Dorfet, near Severr-
raks, in" Kent, one of the moft magnificent ancient man-
fions in the kingdom, was pofiefled, in tlie time of King
John, by Baldwin de Bethun. From him, through the
Marefchals Earls of Pembroke, and the Bigods, Earls of
Norfolk, it defcended to Otho de Grandifon, who held it
in the reign of Edward I. Sir Thomas Grandfon, in the
time, of Richard II, conveyed it to Geoffry de Say, whole
daughter transferred it to Sir William Fiennes, and Sir
William's fon to Archbifhop Bouchier, by whom confide-
rable additions were made to the edifice, and who bequeath-
ed it by will to the fee cf Canterbury. Archbifhop More-
ton likewife added to the building ; and Cranmer obferv-
itig, that the grandeur of the ftruiture excited the invidious
remarks of the laity, exchanged it for lands with the crown.
ll continued a royal domain till the reign of Edward VI,


KNOLE. l6j

u-ho granted it to his uncle the Duke of Somerfer. John
Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, obtained pofleffion, on
Somerfet 's conviction. Northumberland's execution again
transferred it to the crown; and Cardinal Pole procured it
of Queen Mary for his life. On its lapfing a third time,
Elizabeth prefcnted it to her favourite the Earl of Leicefter,
who refigned it. The Queen then conferred it to Thomas
Sackville, F^arl of Dorfet, who (with the exceptions of its
being feized on in the time of the ufurpation, and of an,
alienation, by Richard, the third Earl, to Henry Smith,
Efq. Alderman of London, which was redeemed by his
Lortlfhip's nephew) tranfmitted uninterrupted pofleffion
to his defcendants. Scarce any of the ancient manfions of
our nobility can imprefs us more with the ideas of feudal
magnificence than this does. Its fite, " emboflomed high
in tufted tufted trees;" the fbace it occupies, upward of five
acres; its towers and battlements ; all concur in recalling
to recollection the days of chivalry and romance.

The entrance into the houfe is through a great tower por-
tal, which leads into a large quadrangular court, with a
grafs plat on each fide, in one of which is a gladiator, and
in the other, Venus orta Mari. . From this court is an en-
trance, through a large tower in the centre, into another
court, with a portico in front, fupported by eight Ionic co-
lumns; over which is an open gallery, with a baluftrade,
for walking. In vifiting the apartments, in the order hi
which they are fliown, we firft enter

The Hall: In this room are, the horns of an elk, feven feet
two inches from tip to tip, and weighing 56 pounds ; the
horns of a rhinoceros ; the horns of an antelope ; a Carib-
bean canoe ; a fine marble ftatue o.f Demofthenes, purchaf-
ed in Italy, by the prefent Duke, for 700!. a marble flatue
of Egeria ; and a grand mufic gallery, with a fcreen of cu-
rious old carving. The antique windows are of ftained

Tfje Brown Gallery: the pictures are, a Mifer, Quintm
Matfys ; George Villiers firft Duke of Buckingham ; Abp.
Bancroft ; Cromwell's Barber, afterward General Davis,
Dobfon ; a Silenus, Rubens ; two Landfcapes, Claude Lor-
rain ; Sir Henry Nevill, Holbein ; his Lady, Daughter of
the firft Earl of Dorfet, ditto; Lord Hunfdon and his Son,

ditto ;

164 KNOLE.

ditto; Sir Kenrlm Digby, a copy, by Gouge; a Nun ;
Edward fourth Earl of Dorfet ; a Lady ; Charles- 1 and lib
Queen. Yandyrk; Lionel firft Earl of Middlefex, and his
daughter, Frances, wife of Richard, fifth Karl of Dorfet ;
Charles ii and General Monk; a bpanifh Lady ; Betterton,
the A ft or ; two Dutch pieces; Ditto, by Heemfkirk ;
James fecond harl of Middlefex

The Hern Galley : the pictures are, Luther, MelanShon,
Erafmus, Poroeranius, each of them by iiolbein; of vari-
ous illuftrious perfons in the time of Henry VIII, and the
three fucceediiigs reigns ; two Heads of Anne Boleyn; Ed-
ward VI -. Eli^abeth Queen of l! o!iemia i Wirkliff

Lady Betty Germaine's Bed Chamber: In this room are
Vandyck, and his father-in-law, the unfortunate Earl of
Gowry, in gold tapeftry : the principal pictures are, Ju-
dith with the Head of Holofernes ; the Lady of Sir Waiter
Raleigh ; St. Francis ; and a Holy Family

The DreJfing-Rcom : In this are, Edward fourth Earl of
Dorfet, Vandyck ; the Duke's Anns, cut in paper, by Mrs.
Robinfon ; Richard fifth Earl of Dorfet ; two of Charles
fixth Earl of Dorfet, when a Child; Drawings by Poli-
dore, Titian, Michael Angelo, &c.

The Spangled Bed Rtom : the pictures, James Duke of
Monmouth, and Mrs. Sackville, Lely. Here is a ftate-bed,
prefented by James 1, to Lionel Earl of Middlefex, Lord
Treafurer, and a curious large ebony cabinet.

The Dreffing Room : the pictures, the Hiftory of the Mac-
cab'ees, Vandyck; Medea and Jafon, Titian; Abraham
entertaining the Angels, Giiercino ; a Sybil, a copy r by
Old Stone, at Rome ; Francis I of France, Holbein ; his
Queen, ditto; Peafants, Teniers; Dryden ; Charles V,
Holbein; Angel and St. Peter ; Anne Duchefs of York,
Mother of Queen Mary and Queen Anne, Lely; Coun-
tefs of Shrewfbury, ditto; Duchefs of Richmond; a Satyr
difcovering a fleeping Venus, Correggio ; Sir Theodore
Mayerne, Phyfician to James I, Vandyck : a Dutch Piece,
HeemlTiirk ; Vandyck and Lord Gowry, Vandyck ; a
Landfcape, Salvator, Rofa ; Frank Hals, by himfelf ; a
Nativity, Baflan ; Holy Family, Titian.

Jbs Billiard Room : the pictures, Oliver Cromwell,
Walker; Democritus, Mignard; Heraclitus, ditto: the


KNOLE. ' 165

Story of Acleon, Titian ; the Story of Califto, ditto ; James
Cranfield and his Sifter, Vandyck; Edward fourth Earl of
Dorfet, ditto ; the Salutation, Rembrandt; Prince Palatine
of the Rhine and his two Daughters, Lucas de Heere ;
George III, Ramfay ; Queen Charlotte, ditto ; Philip II
of Spain, Sir A. More; his Queen, ditto; Lady Martha
Cranfield ; Sir Ralph Bofwell ; Holy Family ; Lionel Duke
of Dorfet, and his Sifter, when Children ; Countefs of Bed-
ford, Lely; Arts and Sciences, Vafari ; Anthony and Cle-
opatra, Dance ; James Marquis of Hamilton, Vandyck ;
James I, Mytens; Henry Prince of Wales, his Son ; Lord
Somers, Kneller ; Robert fecond Earl of Dorfet ; Duke _
d'Efpernon; a Venetian Ambaffador, C. JanfTen. On a
window is painted a man in armour, with this infcription:
" Hermannus de Sackville, praepotens Normannus, intravit
Angliam cum Gulielmo Conqueftore, A. D. 1066." In a
pafiage from this room to the Brown Gallery, among other
pictures, are Major Moor, the Prize Fighter; Thomas
Flatman, the Poet ; and Abp. Tenifon.

The Venetian Room : the pi&ures are, the God of Silence,
copied from Schiavone, by Cartwright; Lady Hume;
Countefe of Dorfet ; Lionel Duke of Dorfet ; ant! his Du-
chefs. In this room is a ftate-bed intended for the recep-
tion of James II.

The DreJpng-Rcom : the pictures are, Lionel Duke of
Dorfet, Wootton ; Mrs. Abingdon, as the Comic Mufe,
Reynolds; a Farm Yard, Hondekoeter; the Wife of Ti-
tian going to poifon his Miftrefs, Titian ; a Painter's Gal-
lery, Old Frank ; a Dutch Piece, Van Pool ; a Candle-
light Piece, Scalcken ; a Woman contemplating a Sknll,
FJiheimer; a Landfcnpe, Salvator Rofa; a Mafquerade,
Paul Veronefe; Banditti, \ r andervelde ; another Candle-
light Piece, Scalcken; a Battle, Bourginone; St. Paul, Rem-
brandt ; Banditti, Salvator Rofa ; a Poor Family, ditto;
St. Francis ; Cleoparra ; a Landfcape, Berghem ; Mr.
Brett, JanfTen ; Countefs of Dorfet, .ditto ; SacharifTa;
Landfcape, with Figures, Boflam ; a Sifter of the fir ft Du-
chefs of Dorfet; Sir Thomas More, Holbein; Earl of
Shaftefbury, Paley ; four Spanifli pieces.

The Ball-Rcom: In this noble room the pictures are, the
prefent Duke, Reynolds; George Vifcount Saokville,



Gainiborough ; Dover CafHe, with the Proceflion of Lionel
Duke of Dorftt, Lord Warden, on his return to the Caftic,
Wootton ; Charles Duke of Docfet, Kneller ; his Duchefs,
Hudfon ; Charles Duke of Dorfet, Kneller ; his Duchrfs t
ditto; Richard Sack ville, Mytens ; his Lady, v ditto ; Lio-
nel Earl of Middlefex, ditto ; his Countefs, ditto ; Thomas
h'l-ft Earl of Dorfet, Janflen. Thefe portraits are all full

The Chafvl Room : In this room are the portraits of Ma-
dame Baccelli, Gainfborough ; and of Sir Fltetwood Shep-
herd ; and a beautiful ebony cabinet, with figures of the

The Chapel, in which is a picture of our Saviour; CUrifl
fcourged; Cbrift walking on the Sea.

The Lower Chapel contains a picture of the Apoftles com-
pofing the Creed, done in Raphael's School.

The Organ Room: in this are the pictures of James I ;
James Duke of Ormond ; fome Family Portraits ; Rape of
the Wife of Hercules by a Centaur, Annibal Caracci ; a
Magdalen, Albani ; Ortelius, the Inventor of Maps, Hol-

The D> avaing-Rnr-m : the pictures, a Sybil, Domenichino;
Sir Kenelm Digby, Vandyck ; Count Ugolino and his
Sons, ftarving in prifon, Reynolds, for which the" Duke
gave 400!. and has fince refufed loool ; Henrj VIII, Jjfil;
biu ; Countefs of Dorfet, Vandyck ; a Beggar "Boy, ^ey-
nolds; the Four ^Seafons, Philip Laura ; Dutch Figures,
Teniers; Madame Sheldon, Reynolds; an Artift, ditto;
a Dutch Wedding, Teniers; two Cupids in Difguife, Rey-
nojds ; Head of an Old Man, Tintoret; two final! Land-
fcapes ; Duchefs of Cleveland, Lely; Jofeph and the Angel,
Mengs; Fortune-teller, Reynolds; Holy Family, And.
del barta; a Chinefe, Reynolds; a Landicape, Bergh^m ;
a Girl and Bird, Reynolds ; a French Poft Houfe, Wou-
vermans; Madame Baccelli, Reynolds; a Dutch Family,
Surght; Angel and St. Peter, Teniers; a fmall picture,
Vandyck; Mai riage oi St. Catharine, Parmegiano ; Judith
with the Head of Holofernes, Garobalo; a Fancy Piece,
Wouvermanii; a Pieta, Annibal Caracci; Holy Family,
Peter Perugino; Head of Raphael, HimfeJf; St. Peter,
Rembrandt ; Sacchim, Reynolds; Execution of Charles 1;


KNOLE. 167

two fmal! Landfapes, More. All the paintings in this
room are very capital.

The Cartoon Gallery : Here are Copies of fix of the Car-
tions of Raphael, by Mytens, the firft ever made; Robert
Dudly Earl of Leicefter ; Charles fixth Earl of Dorfet,
Knelier ; his Countefs, Ditto ; a capital picture by Holbein
of the Earl of Surry ; James Earl of Northampton ; the
fiift Earl of Dorfet, Janflen. In this room alfo are four
fine ftatutes, in plafter of Paris, from the Florentine Gal-
kry; namely, a Dancing Faun, Venus de Medicis, a Lift-
ening (lave, and the Boxers.

The King's Bed Chamber, the pictures, Mr. Crewe ;
and Lucretia, by Guido Rheni, worth 1400!. Here is a
ftate-bed of gold and filver tifiiie, that coft Socol. It is
lined with pink fatin, embofTed with gold and filver, &c.

TIx Dining Parkur : the pictures, Pharoah's Daughter
taking Mofes from the Bull Ruflies, Giordano ; Charlts
fixth harlot Dorfet, Knelier; Mr. Gatrick, Reynolds ;
Mr. Foote, Romney; Dr. Goldfmith, Reynolds ; Dr. John-
fon, Ditto ; Sir Jofhua Reynolds, Ditto ; Mr. Humphreys,
the Miniature Painter, R?mney; James I ; Henry Prince
of Wales ; Pope, Gay, Swift, Congreve, Milton, Bet'terton,
Garth, Shakfpeare, Ben Jonfon, Dryden, Sir Philip Syd-
ney, William Cartwright, Villiers fecond Duke of Buck-
ingham, Cowley, Wycherly, Locke, Hobbes, St. Evremonf,
Newton, Otway, and D'Lrfy, the greater part by Knelier ;
Corelli ; Earl of Rochefter, "Du Bois ; Thomas fii ft Earl
of Doi fet ; Richard I ; Beaumont and Fletcher ; Sir Charles
Sedley ; Chaucer; Prior; Waller; Butler; Addifdn ; a
Converfation Piece, by Gooch and others. In the chim-
ney is a curious pair of dogs, with the Arms of Henry VIII
and Anne Boleyn.

In the Colonnade are the armorial quarterings, on curi-
ous painted glafs, of all the Marriages in the family, from
Thomas, the fiift fur), to the pi efent time ; marble bufts
(antiques, bought at Rome) of Anthony, Mithridates,
Pompey, an Ancient unknown, L. J. Brutus, Thefeus, J.
Carfar Marcellus, M. Brutus, and a young Hercules ; and
two fi<l; boards made of the lava of Vefuvius.

Tbt Guard Rnm : the pictures, Charles Duke of Dorfet,
Eofslba; Madame Molocoveti, Ditto; Lady Milton,

Ditto ;

l68 KNOLE.

Ditto; a Lady, Ditto; Rofalba, Herfelf; an Angel con-
veying a Child to Heaven, Cortona ; two Lrmdfcapes,
Dean ; four Drawings, Clarefla ; four Pieces of Game ;
a Flemifli Piece ; two Candle light Pieces, Van Pool ;
Oyfters, &c. very fine ; the Nativity, Old Palma ; Lewis
XV of France; Charles II; Mrs. Woffington, as Penelope;
two curious Fan Pieces, Guido ; View of Kno!e y Sandby ;
Lady Petty Gennaine, Philips; a Roman Amphitheatre ;
a fine Mofaic Picture, by Caefar Aquatti.

The Blue Room : the pictures, a Head, Guido ; a Head
of Raphael, Himfelf ; the Virgin teaching Chrift to read;
a Boy and Lamb, Correggio ; a Sea Piece, Vandervelde ;
Cofino Duke of Tufcany, Tintoret ; two Cupids, Pouffin ;
three Cupids, Parmegiano ; Mrs. Bates, Humfreyt; the
Wife Men's Offering; a Fancy Piece ; a Drawing of the
prefent_ Duchcfs, by Dance, and another by Cipriani ;
Lady Mary Sackwille, a Minature by Lady Maiden ; the
Prophet Samuel, Reynolds; St. John and a Lamb, Van-
tlyck ; a Queen, Rembrandt ; a Magdalen and Crofs,
Guercino ; a fine Head, Clermont ; Flight into Egypt,
Paul Brill ; a Landfcape, Rottenhamer ; Mrs. Sheridan,
and her Brother, Gainiborough ; a Poetefs, Domenichino;
a fine Madonna, Raphael ; a Ditto, Carlo Dolci ; a Dog,
Hackrvood ; Mr. Burke, Opie ; a French Nobleman,
Gainsborough : a Miniature of three Kings of France.

Drawing Room Mow Stairs : the pictures, Lady Betty
Germaine and St. Peter's at Rome.

In general, it will fufike to obferve, that many of the
rooms are hung with curious old tape ft ry ; and that the
furniture and decorations, which are ancient, and which
exhibit a perfect idea of the ftile of decoration in the i6th
century, are in high prefervation.

The architecture of this immenfe pile befpeaks a variety
of dates : the moft ancient is probably coeval v/ith the Ma-
refchals and Bigods. It feems as if the whole of it was an-
tecedent to its becoming the pofleflion of the Sackvilles;
though, certainly, many of the family have very con-
fiderably repaired it, particularly Richard, the fifth Earl.
No part of it appears of a more modern date than the
reign of Elizabeth. Thomas, fir ft Earl of Dorfet, can>e


KNOLE. 169

to refide at Knole in 1603 : he died in 1607 ; and as the
waterfpouts, which were put up by him throughout the
houfe, are dated 1605, it would appear, that no part
of the building is fubfequent to this period. The garden
gates, the fundial, and many other places bear the arms of
JDorfet and Middlefex; a title brought into the family by
Francis Cranfield, heirefs to the Earl of Middlefex, and
Countefs to the above named Richard.

The park owes much to nature and much to its noble
proprietor. The line of its furface is perpetually varying,
lo that new points of view are conftantly prefenting them-
felves. The foil is happily adapted to the growth of tim-
ber. Stately beeches and venerable oaks fifi every part of
the landfcape. The girth of one of thefe oaks exceeds 28
feet ; and probably its branches afforded (hade to its an-
cient Lords of Pembroke and Norfolk. The prefent Duke

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