F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

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Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 19 of 30)
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Her verdant fields. SCOTT.

NATCHFORD HOUSE, the feat of Andrew Ramfay
Kerr, Efq. late Governor of Bombay, fituate at Cobham,
on the banks of the river Mole.

NAVESTOCK, a village, 19 miles from London, near
Hare Street, in the road to Ongar. Here is Naveftock
Hall, the feat of Countefs Dowager Waldegrave.

NETTESWELL, a village near Harlow. In this parifh
a fchool was built, purfuant to the will of William Marten,
Efq. for poor children of this and two adjoining parifhes.
In the chancel is a monument to the memory of this gen-
tleman, with a Latin infcription. There is another monu-
ment erected by the widow of Mr. Marten, to the memory
of her brother and nephew : on a pyramid riling from an
elevated bafe are the medallions of both; (he is represented


1 92 NEW

below, as large as life, in a mourning pofture, looking Up
earneftly at both the medallions.

IsiEW COLLEGE, at Hackney, fitnated not far from
the church, is the name of a new academical inftitution
among the Proteftant Diflenters. The original building,
which now conftitutes only the central part of the college,
was creeled by Stamp Brookfbank, Efq. in the reign of
George I. On Mr. Brookfbank's death, the premifes
(which included eighteen acres of land, furrounded by a
wall) were fold, with fome pafturcs adjoining, to John Hop-
kins, Efq. of Brittons, in Eflex*, who, foon after, confign-
ed it to his fon-in-law, Benjamin Bond, Efq. from whom it
came to his fon, Benjamin Bond Hopkins, Efq. This gen-
tleman parted with the houfeand lands to Samuel Stratton,
Efq. who, referring the paftures to himfelf, fold the houfe
to Mr. Hubbard, of whom it was purchafed by the Go-
vernors of the New Academical Inftitution for 5400!.
They added two wings to the building, and gave it the
name of the New College, Hackney. It now makes a
, majeftic and collegiate appearance; but the inftitution it-
felf having been, for fome time paft, in a declining ftate,
the premifes are this year advertifed for fale.

NEWJNGTON BUTTS, a village in Surry, extend-
ing from the end of Southwark to Kennington Common,
is faid to have received the name of Butts from the exercife
of fhooting at bafts, anciently much praftifed here, and in
other towns of England, to fit men to ferve as archers. In
this village are the almshowfes of the Fifhmongers' Com-
pany; the moft ancient of which is St. Peter's Hofpital,
. erefted in 1618, for 22 of their poor members. To the
fouth of this hofpital is another, founded in 1719, by Mr.
Hulbert, whofe ftatue ftands upon a pedeital. This is for
20 poor men and women. The church was rebuilt, on a

* This gentleman was a diftant relation of, and heir to, the famous
Vulture Hopkins, whom Pope has thus recorded :

When Hopkins dies, a thoufand lights attend
The wretch that living fav'd acandlc's end.

But this was an unfair reprefentation : for Vulture Hopkins (as he
has commonly, and perhaps unjulHy, been called) undoubtedly lived
in fplendour, at his houfe at Wimbledon, and kept no lefs than twelve


NEW 193

larger fcale, but on l ^ e ^ ame inconvenient fpot, by the fide
of a great road, in 1793.

NEWINGTON GREEN, a village between Iflington
and Stoke-Newington, confiding of 'a handfome fquare,
partly in the parifti of Iflington, and partly in that of.
Newington. On one fide of it is a meeting-houfe, of
which the late celebrated Dr. Price was Minifter for many
years. An old houfe, in the centre of the fouth fide, is
(aid to have been the refidence of Henry VIII, and a foot-
path in the neighbourhood retains the name of King Har-
ry's Walk. On the ceiling of the principal room of this
houfe are the arms and initials of James I. Over the fire
place are the arms of Lord Compton. This houfe is now

lage in Middlefex, 2f miles from London, in the road to
Edmonton. Behind the church is a pleafant grove of tall
trees, known by the name of Queen Elizabeth's Walk. In
the manor-houfe, then the feat of Sir Thomas Abney, the
excellent Dr. Watts was treated, for 36 years, with all the
kindnefs that friendihip and refpecl could dictate. Mrs.
Abney, the daughter of Sir Thomas, whofe piety and vir-
tues rendered her worthy of fuch a father and fuch a friend,
ordered, by her laft will, that thiseftate fhould be fold, <lnd
the produce distributed in charitable donations. It was
accordingly fold to Jonathan Eade, Efq. and the produce,
amounting to many thooifand pounds, was diftributed ac-
cordingly. Here is a pleafant villa, near the New River,
creeled lately by Jonathan Hoare, Efq.

NEW LODGE, the feat of Francis Baroneau, Efq. at
Hadley, in Middlefex, which deferves particular attention
as one of the moft elegant villas in the county.

NEW LODGE, the agreeable feat of General Hodg-
fon, on a delightful plain in Windfor Foreft, four miles
from Windfor, commands an extenfive profpecT:.

NEW RIVER, a fine artificial ftream, brought from
Herts, for the fupply of the n .-.ropoiis with water. In the
third year of James I, an adt of Parliament was obtained,
whereby the City was empowered to bring water from the
fprings of Chadwell and Amwell ; but the city not at-
tempting it, the arduous undertaking was begun by Mr.
S Hugh


Hugh Middleton, citizen and goldfmith, who, in the courfe
of the work, met with great difficulties and other ofoftruo
tions, and when he had (unmounted theft', and brought the
vater into the neighbourhood of F.nfield, was fo impove-
j-ifhed by the expence, that he was obliged to apply to the
city, to nifift him. On their refufal, he applied with more
fuccefs to the King, who, in confide/ation of one moiety
ot the undertaking, agreed to pay half the expence. It then
vent on with vigour, and, on Midiatlmas day, 1613, the
water was brought into the bafin, called the New-R.iver-
Head, at Iflington, in of Mr. Middleton's brother,
Sir Thomas Middleton, Lord Mayor Fit ft, and Sir John
Swinnei ton, Lord Mayor, attend'ed by many of the Al-
dermen, &c. when about fi.xty labourers with green caps,
carrying fpades, c. preceded by drums and trumpets,
marched thrice round the bafin, atid flopping before the
Lord Mayor, Sec. feated upon an eminence, one of them
fpoke fome verfes in praife of thisgi^at undertaking; and
then, the fluices being opened, the ftream rufhed into the
bafin, under the found of drums and trumpets, the dif-
charge of cannon, and acclamations of the people. The
property of this water was divided into 29 fhares, and the
proprietors were incorporated by the name of the New
Kiver Company, in 1619; but though King James was a
proprietor of one half of the whole work, Mr. Middltton,
to prevent the direction of the company's affairs from fall-
ing into the hands of courtiers, precluded him from having
any fhare in the management ; and only allowed him a
perfon to be prefent at the meetings of the company, to
prevent any injustice to his royal principal. No dividend
was made till 1633, when ul. QS. id. was divided upon
each fhare. But the fecond dividend amounting only to
3!. 45. 2d. and, inftead of a third dividend, a call being
expefted, Charles I refolved to get rid of fuch an hazard-
ous affair: and therefore propofed to Sir Hugh Middleton,
now created a Baronet, that if he would fecuie to him and
his fuccelTbrs, a clear annual rent of 500!. out of the pro-
fits, he would reconvey to him all his right in the New
River: which propofal being accepted, the roval moiety
was reconveyed to Sir Hugh, who divided it into 36 fhares,
to equal the fliares of the other moiety, called the Adven-


turers', now divided into 36 {hares alfo ; and he not only
burthened them with the faid rent of 500!. but likewifs
fubjecled two of the Adventurers' fhart'i to the payment
of it. From this time there were 72 fhares, one half of
which are called the Adventurers', the other the Kings.
The proprietors of the former, as above mentioned, being
originally 29 in number, the government of the company
was lodged in their hands ; and, by this preclufion of the
holders of the King's fhares from the government, their
fhares, exclufive of being fubjefl to the faid annuity, are
not quite fo valuable as thofe of the Adventurers'. This
corporation confiits of a Governor, Deputy Governor,
Treafurer, 26 Directors; a Cieik and his AlTiftant; a Sur-
veyor and his Deputy; 14 Coileclivs, who, after deduct-
ing five per cent, for collecting the rents, pay the money
every Tuefday to the Treafurer; 14 Walkfmen, who have
their feveral walks along the river, to prevent the throw-
ing of filth into the fame; 16 Turncocks ; 12 Paviers; 20
Pipe-borers, &c. By an exaft meafurement of this river,
h appears to be 3 8 miles and 16 poles long. It has 43
flukes and 2 15 bridges; over and under it, a great num-
ber of brooks and wattr-courfes have their pafiage; and as,
in fome places, it is carried over vales, in others it forces
its way through fubterrar-.eous paiTages,and arriving at the
bafin, near Idington, it is ingulfed by 58 main pipes of a
bore of feven -inches ; by which it is conveyed into all
parts of the metropolis, to the great convenience of the in-
habitants, who, by leaden pipe?, of a half inch bore, have
the water brought into their houfes, to the amount of near
40,000. I he fhares, in confequence, are of confiderable
value: The furveyor, Robert Mylne, Efq. refides at the
New Riv*er Head ; but the bufinefs of the company is
tranfc&ed at a handfome houfe in Dorfet Street, Salifbury

NONSUCH, the name of a magnificent palace begun
by Henry VII 1, in a village called Codintou, or Cuding-
ton, whiph no longer exifts, but which was then contigu-
ous to the parifli of Cheam, near Epfom. It obtained its
name from its unparalleled beauty. Hentzner fays, that
" it was chofen for his pleafure and retirement, and built
with an excefs of magnificence. One would imngine every
S 2 thi:i


thing that architecture can perform to have been employed
in this one work : tfaere are every where fo many ftatues
that feem to breathe, fo many miracles of confummate art,
fo many cads that rival even the perfection of Roman an-
tiqniry, thnt it may well claim its name of Nonfuch. It it
fo encompafFed with parks full of deer, delightful gardens,
groves ornamented with trellis-work, cabinets of verdure,
and walks fo embrowned by trees, that it feems to be a
place pitched upon by Pleafure herfelf to dwell along with
Health. In the pleafure and artificial gardens are many
columns and pyramids of marble, two fountains that fpout
water one round the other, like a pyramid, upon which
are perched fmall birds that ftream water out of their bills.
In the grove of Dians. is a very agreeable fountain, with
Ac~taeon turned into a flag, as he was fprinkled by the
goddefs and her nvmphs, with infcriptions ; and there is
another pyramid of marble full of concealed pipes, which
fpirt upon alt who come within their reach." Such were
the palare and gardens when Hentzner wrote : and on this
dticription, Mr. Walpole has made the following obferva-
tions : " We are apt to think, that Sir William Temple
and King William were, in a manner, the introducers of
gardening into England; but, by the defcription of Lord
Burleigh'a gardens at Theobalds, and of thofe at Nonfuch,
we find that the magnificent, though falfe tafte, was known
here as early as the reigns of Henry VIII and his daughter.
There is fcarce an unnatural and fumptuous impropriety
at Verfailles, which we do not find in Hentzner's defcrip-
tion of thefe gard&n?." Henry only begun the palace of
Nonfuch; but Henry Earl of Arundel, " for the love and
honour he bare to his olde maifter," purchafed it of Queen
Mary, and completely finifhed it, according to the inten-
tions of the royal founder. He left this houfe to hic~pof-
terity ; but Lord Lumley, who, had married his daughter,
reconveyed it to the crown in 1591. It afterward became
a favourite refidence of Elizabeth, and it was here that the
Earl of Eflex firft experienced her difpleafure. It was fet-
tled upon Anne, Queen of James I, and, in the following
reign, upon Queen Henrietta Maria. Charles II granted
it to the Duchefs of Cleveland, who pulled down the houfe,
fold the materials, and difparked the land. Her grandfon,



Charles Duke of Grafton, fold the eftate, in 1730, tojofeph
Thompfon, Efq. uncle to the prefent proprietor, the Rev.
Jofeph Whately, who has a neat villa at fome diftance from
the fite of the old palace. See Durdans.

NORBURY PARK, 141 the parifh of Great Bookham,
near Leatherhead, the beautiful feat of William Lock, Efq.
Swelling hills, a meandering river, a rich furrounding
country, and a great extent of profpect, compofe the
charms of this delightful place. It may be added, that all
thefe beauties of nature are in the pofleluon of a gentleman,
whofe tafle and judgment, in what is moft exquifire in na-
ture and art, is almoli unrivalled. Of this gentleman's fine
talte in rural fcenery, Mr.Giipin gives this merited eulogy:

If tafte, correct and pure,

G..ou;;dedon practice; or, whatiftore avail*
1 han pridlice, obfervation juftly form'd,
Of Nature's belt examples and eftefts,
Approve the lanufcape; if judicious Lock
See not an c/ror he would wifh remov'd,
Then boi;ily deem thyfelf the heir of fame.

Of this fine feat^we fhall only obferve further, that the
drawing-room was painted by George Barret, an artift,
who excelled in landfcape, particularly in trees, and died
"in 1784. It is eiteemed amongft his beft performances.

NORTHEND, a village in the parifli of Fulham, be-
tween Hammerfmith and Farfon's Green. Here isBrowne's
Houfe, the handfome villa of the Dowager Lady Heath-
cote, the gardens of which are finely difpofed.

NORTHFLEET, a village in Kent, 21 miles from
London. The church is uncommonly large; and, on the
north wall, is a beautiful alabafter monument to the me-
mory of Dr. Edward Browne, who redded at Ingrefs. He
was phyfician to Charles II, and eminent for his (kill in
natural hiftory, as appears from his Travels, publifhed in
16^5. The fteeple commands a beautifully- diverfified
profpect. Vatt quantities of lime are burnt -here. The
grounds having been cut away, in different directions, for
this purpofe, a fcene is exhibited perfectly romantic. Ex-
traneous foffils have alfo been dug up. But the circurn-
c moil worthy of obfervation is, that in the flint ftones,
83 (of

198 OAK

(of which there are frequent ftrata, and which are wrotignt
up into flints for guns) complete cockle-fhells filled with
chalk are found, and fometimes of fo large a fize, as to be
efteemed a great curiofity.

NORWOOD, a village in Surty, fcattered round a large
\vild common", five miles from London, in the parifhes of
Ci oydon, Streatham, Lambeth, and Camberwell. It bea<'S
no marks of its vicinity to the capital ; and thofe who love
an occalional contemplation of unimproved nature, will
find great fatisfadion in a vifit to this place. It was, fome
years ago, a principal haunt of the gipfies.

NORWOOD, a village of Middlefex', i ! miles from
London, between the roads to Uxbridge and Hounflow.
Dorman's Well, near Southall, in this parifh (formerly the
feat of Lord Dacre, and defcribed by Norden, as fur-
rounded by a park and pale) is now the property of George
JVlerick Ayfcough, Efq. The little chapel of Norwood is
only au appendage to Hayes.


OAKS, the villa of the Earl of Derby, on Banfted
Downs, was built by a fociety of gentlemen, called
the Hunters' Club, to whom the land was leafed by Mr.
Lambert. Mr. Simmons was the firft occupier of the
houfe, which was intended as a place of feftivity in the
hunting feafon. Sir Thomas Gofling afterward occupied
it for a fhort time. General Burgoyne then purchafed
the leafe, and built a dining room 42 feet by 21, with an
arched roof, elegantly finifhed ; 28 final I cafed pillars of
fine workmanfhip, and a concave mirror at each end.
The dining table is of plain deal boards, in conformity
to the ftyle of a hunting Teat. The red hall entrance is
fmall, but elegant: it contains two Jandfcapes and a
x few other pictures. The drawing-room ? on the firft
floor, is an octagon, ornamented with a variety of fmall
pictures. It commands a profpecl of Norwood, Shooter's
Hill, many churches in London and its environs, Hamp-
ftead, Highgate, &c. - Lord Derby having acquired a fee
fimple in the eftate, added, at the weft end, a large brick
building, with four towers at corner ; and there is a



fim'ilar ere&ion at the eaft end, vrhich renders the ftru&ure
uniform, and gives it an elegant Gothic appearance. In
the pleafure grounds are a number of ancient beeches. la
one tree, in particular, it is (aid, there is a fpring ; becaufe
it always contains water, although the well at the houfe is
300 feet deep. Lord Derby, who is remarkable for his
hofpitality to the gentlemen hunters, can accommodate his
guefts with upward of firry bed chambers.

OATLANDS, adjoining to Weybndge, in Surrv, the
feat of the Duke of York, who purchafed it of the Duke of
Newcaftle. The park is four miles round. The houfe is
fituated about the middle of the terrace, whofe majeftic
grandeur, and the beautiful landfcapes it commands, cannot
be defrribed by words The ferpentine river, when feen
from the terrace, though artificial, appears as beautiful as
if it were natural; and a ftranger, who did not know the
place, would conclude it to be the Thames; in which opi-
nion he would be confirmed by the view of Walton Bridge
over that river, which, by a happy contrivance, is made to
look like a bridge over the ferpentine river, and gives a
pleafing finifli to this delightful profpecl. The grotto, which
is uncommonly beautiful and romantic, may bring to recoj-
lection the fanciful fcenery of an Arabian Night's Enter-
tainment. It was conftructed and finifhed by three perfons,
a father and his two fons, and is repot ted to have coil near
ia,oool. There was formerly a noble palace in this park,
a good view of which is in the back ground of a portrait of
the Queen of James I, by Vanfomer, in the Queen's Gal-
lery at Kenfington. Henry Duke of Gloucefter, fourth fou
of Charles I, was born in this palace, which was demolim-
ed in the civil wars. In. 1673, was remaining the gardener's
lodge, in which Queen Anne of Denmark had a room, for
the breeding of filk-worms. A gate, erected from a defiga
of Inigo Jones, has been removed a fmali diflance from its
original fituation, and repaired, with the addition of an in-
fcription, by the Duke of Newcaftle.

OCKHAM, four miles from Woking, where Lord
King has a feat and park. The church ftands almoft op-
pofite to the houfe; and in the churchyard is a ftone over
the grave of. John Spong, a carpenter, on which is this
punning epitaph :

200 O R P

Who many a fturdy oak had laid along,
Fell'd by Dejth'j furtr hatchor, here lies Spong;
Ports on he nrade,,yet ne'. r a place could get ,
And liv'd by railing, though he nu wit;
Old laws he had, although no antiquarian ;
And Ityles corre&cd, yst w.\s no

OLDFORD, in the parifli of Stratford Bow, and on the
river Lea, over which, in this place, palled a Roman mili-
tary way. Here is an ancient gateway, iiilJ entire, iup-
pofed to be the remains of a royal palace, vulgarly called
King John's palace.

ONGAR, the name of two adjoining parifhes in EfTex,
called Chipping Ongar and High Ongar. Chipping Ongar
is a market town, 21 miles from London, fuppofed to have
been a Roman ftation, becaufethe church has many Roman
bricks in the-walls. Jt was the manor of Richard Lacy,
who, being Proteclor of England, while Henry II was in,
Normandy, built the church. He alfo built a caftls, which
was lituated on the top of an artificial mount, and fur-
rounded by a large moat; but this caftle growing ruinous,
was taken down in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and a
brick ftruclure erefted on its fite. This was demolifhed
in 1745, by tdward Alexander, Efq. who creeled, initead
of it, a handfome ftimmer-houfe, furrounded by a moat,
and afcended by a fteep winding walk, arched over, the
greateft part of the way, by trees and fhrubs. From the
embattled top is a beautiful profpefl. Near Ongar is the
feat of John Wright, Efq; and Mylefs, the feat of the late
John Luther, Efq. who left it to Francis Fane, Efq. It is
now in the occupation of Duncan Davidfon, Efq. See
Kelvedon Hall and Grcenftecl Hall.

ORPINGTON, a village in Kent, on the river Cray,
between Foots Cray and Farnborough. Henry VIII grant-
ed the manor to Sir Percival Hart, who built a feat here,
in which he magnificently entertained Queen Elizabeth,
July 22, 1573; who, on her reception here, "received,"
lays Philpot (Hift. of Kent, p. 259) " the firft carefles of a
nymph who perfonated the genius of the houfe: then the
fcene was fhifted, and, from feveral chambers, which, as
they were contrived, represented a fhip, a fea conflict was



offered up to the fpe&ators view, which fo much obliged
the eyes of this Princefs with the- charms of delight, that,
upon her departure, flie left upon this houfe (to comme-
morate the memory both of the author and the artifice) the
name and appellation of " Bank Hart." By which it is ftill
called. It belongs to Sir John Dixon Dyke, Bart.

OSTERLEY PARK, in the pariih of Hefton,"the feat
of the late Robert Child, Efq. nine miles from London.
It belonged to the convent of Sion, on the fuppreffion of
which it was granted to Henry Marquis of Exeter; and,
reverting to the crown on his attainder, Edward VI grant-
ed it to the Duke of Somerfet. Being again forfeited by
his attainder, it was granted, in 1557, to Auguftine Thaier.
Between this period and 1570, it came into the poiTcilion
of Sir Thomas Grefham, by whom a noble edifice was
recled. Here this great merchant magnificently enter-
tained queen Elizabeth*. This manlion afterward parted
into feveral hands, and was the feat of Sir Wiaiam Wal-
ler, the celebrated Parliamentary General. In the begin-
ning of this century, it was purchafed by Sir Francis Child.

We enter the park by a gate, on each fide of which is a
handfome lodge. The park, finely wooded, is fix miles in
circumference. The houfe (the (hell of which was com-
pletely rebuilt by Francis Child, Efq. in 1760) is a magni-
ficent firu&ure, extending 140 feet from E. to W. and 117
from N. to S. At each angle is a turret; and to the eaft
front is a fine portico of the Ionic order, which is afcended
by a grand flight of fteps, and profufely adorned by an-
tiques, &c. The apartments are fpacious, and are magni-


Of this vifit the following anecdote is recorded, in Mr. Nichols*
Progrefles of that Qijeen : " Her Majefty f-uiid fault with the court of
this houfe, affirming it would appear more handfome, it divided with a
court in the middle. What doth Sir Th'.rms, but in the nighr-time
fends for workmen to London, who fo ipeedily and filenily apply their
tiufmefc, that the next morning difcovfred the court double, wbich the
night had left fingle before. It is queftionable whether the Qne< r, next
day, more contented with the conformity to h'ei fancy, or in >re
plejfed with the furprife and fudjen performance thereof. Her courtier*
difported themfelve* with th^-ir feveril exprefljons ; l'>me avowing it was
no wonder he could fo foon change a building, who couiJ bu;U u change:
others, reflecting on fome known differences in the Raight's family, af-
firmed, that a houfe is eafier divided than united."



ficently fitted up with the richeft hangings of filk, velvef,
and gobelin ta peltry, elegantly-fculptured marbles, highly-
enriched entablatures of mofaic work, &c. The decora-
tions of the apartments difplay the great talents of the late
Mr. Robert Ailum, the architect, and of Signior Zucchi,
the painter ; and they were all fitted up by the late Robert
Caild, Efq. who fucceeded his brother Francis in 1763.

On the ceiling of the ftaircafe is the apotheofis of Wil-
liam I, Prince of Orange, affcllinated at Delft, in 1584.
The Picture Gallery is 130 feet by 27: among the paint-
ings, are Charles I, Vandyck ; Villiers, the firft Duke of
Buckingham, Rubens; Gipfies, Rofa; Morning and Even-
ing, Claude Lonain; the Angel and To bit, S. Rofa;
Apollo and the Sybil, Ditto; two Laudfcapes, G. Pouffin;
Earl of Strafford, Vandyckj Jonas and the Whale, S. Rofa;
and Conftantine's Arch, with figures and cattle, by Viviano
and Bombaccio. In the Drawing Room, are Jacob and

Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 19 of 30)