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F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

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Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 20 of 30)
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Rachael, Titian ; Samuel anointing David, Ditto; the Head
of Vandyck, by himfelf; and others by Rembrandt, &c.

From the lodges at the entrance of the park, we defcend
a fpacious road, between two fine (beets of water, which,
being on different levels, may be termed the upper and
lower. The firft is oppofite the eaft front, and in view of
the houfe. Though not large, it gives beauty and variety
to this part of the park. The lower water is of much
greater extent, and partly inclofed by woods, through
which it makes a noble fweep. On the north fliore of this
lake, is a menagerie, containing a fine collection of exotic
birds. Here the lake bends to the N. W. and, at fome
diftance, has a bridge of ftone: beyond this it begins to
contract, and is foon loft to the eye.

Mr. Child s only daughter having married the Earl of
Weftmoreland, he left this eftate to the fecond fon of that
nobleman, or, in default of a fecond fon, to any daughter
who fliould firft attnin the age of 21 ; and, in either cafe,
the faid fon or daughter to afllr.Tie the name of Child In
confequence of this, the eftate is now vetted in the hands of
Robert Dent, Efq. and others, in truft for Lady Sarah
Child, the only daughter of the late Countefs.

OTFORD, a village, three miles N. of Sevenoak?,
where Offa, King of Mercia, defeated Lothaire, King of

Kent.



PAD 2O2

Kent. Offa, the treacherous murderer of EtheJbert, (See
Page 19) to atone for the blood he had filed in this battle,
gave Otford to Chrift Church, Canterbury, in pajc-ua porn-
rum (as the deed fays) for fa/iitm far the Arcbkijbop't hogs.
Such were the acts of piery, fo much efteemed in that fuper-
liitions age, that Malmefbury, one ofthebeft of the old
Englift) hiOorians, declares himfelf at a lofs to determine,
whether the merits or crimes of this prince preponderated.
Otford continued in the fee of Canterbury, till exchanged
with Henry VIII, for other kinds.

OTTERSHAW, the feat, with a fine park and gardens,
of James Bine, Efq. four miles foil th weft of Chertley.

OXHEY PLACE, inHertfordfliire, the feat of the Hon.
William Grimfton, three miles fouth of Watford.



P.

PADDINGTON, a village N. W. of London. The
church, a beautiful ftructure, erected in 1790, near
the fite of the old church, is feated on an eminence, finely
embofomed among venerable elms. Its figure is compofed
of a fquare about 50 feet. Th; centres on each fide of the
fqnare are projecting parallelograms, which give recefles
for an altar, a veftry, and two ftaircafes. 7 he roof termi-
nates with a cupola and vane. On each of the fides is a
door. That facing the fouth is decorated with a portico,
compofed of the Tufcan and Doric orders, having niches
on the fides. The weft has an arched window, under
which is a circular portico of four columns, agreeable to
the former compofition. The whole does the higheft cre-
dit to the tafte and fkill of the architect, Mr. John Flaw.
Although Paddington is now contiguous to the metropolis,
there art many rural fpots in the parifli, which appear as
retired as if at a diftance of many miles. From this place
a canal is making, which is to join the Grand Junction
Canal at or near Hayes. Little Shaftfbury Houfe, in this
parifli (near Kenfington Gravel 'Pits) is the feat of Am-
brofe Godfrey, Efq. and is faid to have been built by the
vfc of Shaftfbury, author of the Characteriftics, or by his

grandfather,



204 PAINE'S HILL.

grandfather, the Lord Chancellor. See Bayfajate>; Ty-
bovrn, and lftj:b- w n Place.

PAINF'S HILL, the elegant feat and celebrated gardens
of the lute Benjamin Bond Hopkins, Efq. 20 miles from
London, near the village of Cobham, but in the parifii of
Walton upon I names. The gardens are formed on the
verge of a moor, which rifes above a fertile plain watered
by the river Mole. Large vallies, defcending in different
directions toward the river, break the brow into feparate
eminences; and the gardens are extended along the edge,
in a (emicircular form, between the winding river which
defcribes their outward boundary, and the park which fills
up the cavity of the crefcent. The moor lies behind the
place, and fometimes appears too confpicuoufly ; but the
views on the other fides, into the cultivated country are
agreeable. Paine's Hill, however, is little benefited by
external circumftances ; but the fcenes, within itfelf, are
grand and beautiful ; and the difpofition of the gardens
affords frequent opportunities of feeing the feveral parts,
the one from the other, acrofs the park, in a variety of ad-
vantageous fituations.

The houfe ftands on a hill, in the centre of the crefcent.
The views are charming, and in the adjacent thicket is a
parterre, and an orangery, where the exotic plants are in-
termixed, during the fiimmer, with common fhrubs, and a
conftant fucceifion of flowers.

The hill is divided from another much Jarger by a fmall
valley; and, on the top of the fecond eminence, at a feat juft
above a large vineyard which over fp reads all the fide, and
hangs down to the lake below, a fcene totally different ap-
pears*. The general profpecl, though beautiful, is the
leaft engaging circumftance ; the attention is immediately
attracted from the cultivated plain to the point of a hang-
ing wood at a diffonce, but ftill within the place. Oppo-
fite to the hill thus covered is another in the country, of a
iimilar fhape, but bare and barren; and beyond the open-
ing between them, the moor, falling back into a wide con-

* This vineyard formerly produced a great deal of wine; but it has
been neglected for fome years, and no lunger deferves the name.

cave,



PAINE S HILL. 2O5

cave, clofes the interval. Had all thefe heights belonged to
the fame proprietor, and been planted in the fame manner,
thej would have compofed as great, as romantic a fcene, as
any of thofe which we rarely fee, but always behold with
admiration, the work of nature alone, matured by the
growth of ages.

But Paine's Hill is all a new creation ; and a boldnefs
of defign, and a happinefs of execution, attend the won-
derful efforts which art has there made to rival nature.
Another point of the fame eminence exhibits a landfcspe,
diftinguiflied from the laft in every particular, except in
theaera of its exiftence: it is entirely within the place,
and commanded from an open Gothic building, on the
very edge of a high fteep, which rifes immediately above
an artificial lake in the bottom. The whble of This lake is
never feen at once; but by its form, by the difpofition of
fome iflands, and by the trees in them and on the banks, it
always feems to be larger than it is. On the left are con-
tinued plantations, to exclude the country; on the right,
all the park opens; arid, in front, beyond the water, is the
hanging wood, the point of which appeared before; but
here itllretchcs quite acrofs the view, and difplays all its
extent and varieties. A river, ifluing from the lake, paffes
under a bridge of five arches near the outlet, directs its
courfe toward the wood, and flows underneath it. On
the fide of the hill is couched a low herrr.itage, encompafT-
ed with thickets, and overhung with fhnde ; and, far to the
right, on the utmoft fummit, rifes a lofty tower, eminent
above iil the trees. About the hermitage, the clofeft cover*
and darkeft greens fpread their gloom : in other places
the tints are mixed; and in one a little glimmering light
marks an opening in the wood, and iiiverfifies its uniformity,
without diminifhing its greatnefs. Throughout the illuftri-
.ous fcene confiftency is preferved in the midft of variety; all
the parts unite eafily: the plantations in the bot r om join
to the wood which hangs on the hill j thofe on the upper
grounds of the park break into groves, which afterward
divide into clumps, and in the end taper into fingle trees.
The ground is very various; but it points from all fides
toward the lake, and, fhchening its ciefrent as it ap-
proaches, Hides, at laft, gently into the water. The groves
T and



206 PAINE'S HILJL.

and lawns On the declivities arc elegant and rich ; the ex-
panfe of the lake, enlivened by plantations on the banks,
and the reflection of the bridge en the furface, animate the
landscape; while the extent and height ot the hanging wood
give an air of grandeur to the whole.

An eafy winding defcent leads from the Gothic building
to the lake, and a broad walk is afterward continued along
the b.inks, and arrofs nn ifland, clofe to the water on one
band, and Ikirted by weod on the other. The fpot is
perfectly retired, but the retirement is cheerful ; the lake
is calm, but it is full to the brim, and never darkened
withfhadow; the walk is fmooth and ul mod level, and
touches the very margin of the water; the wood, which
(collides all view into the country, is compofed of the moft
elegant trees, full of the lighteft greens, and bordered
\vith ihrubs and flowers; and, though the place is almoft
iurrounded with plantations, yet within itfelf it is open
and airy. It is embellifhed with three bridges, a ruined
arch, and .a grotto ; and the Gothic building, ftill very
near, and impending directly over the lake, belongs to
the place; but thefe objects are never vifible all together;
they appear in fucceffion as the walk proceeds ; and their
number does not crowd the fcene, which is enriched by
their frequency.

The tranfition is very fudden, almoft immediate, from
this polifhed fpot, to another of the moft uncultivated na-
ture; uot dreary, not romantic, but. rude: it is a wood,
which overfpreads a large tract of very uneven ground.
The glades through it are fometimes clofed on both fides
with thickets ; at other times they are only cut through the
fern in the openings ; and even the larches and firs, which
are mixed with beech, on the fide of the principal glade,
are left in fuch a ftate of apparent neglect, that they feem
to be the product of the wild, not decorations of the walk.
This is the hanging wood, which before was fo noble an.
object, and ir now fuch a diftant retreat. Near the tower
it is thin, but about the hermitage it is thickened with
trees of the darkeft greens. A narrow gloomy path, over-
himg with Scotch and fpruce firs, leads to the cell, com-
pofed of logs and roots. The defign is as limple as the
materials, and the furniture within old and uncouth. All
the cireumftances which belong to the character are re-
tained



PAINE S HILL. 207

Gained in the utmoft purity, both in the approach and en.
trance; in the fecond room they are fuddenly changed-for
a view of the gardens and the country, which is rich- with
every appearance of inhabitants and cultivation. From
the tower, on the top of the hill, is another profpefl,
much more extenfive, but not more beautiful: the objects
are not fo well felected, nor feen to fo great advantage ;
fume of them are too diftant ; fome too much below thq
eye: and a large portion of the heath intervenes, which.
caOs a cloud over the view. ,

Not far from tne tower is a fcene poliflied to the higheft
degree of improvement, in which ftands a large Doric
building, called the Temple of. Bacchus, with a fine por-
tico in the front, a rich alto-relievo in the pediment, and
on each fide a lange of pilaftetb: within, it N doomed
with many antique buds, and a beautiful ant: pi? oiloiTal
ftatue of the god in the centre: the room has m '^
of that folcmuity which is often affectedly alcribed to :..:
character, but, without being gaudy, is Kul of li^ht, orna-
ment, and fplendour. The fituation is on a. brow, which
commands an agreeable profpedt ; but the top of the ulll
is almoft a flat, diverfificd, however, by feveral thickets,
and broad walks winding between them. Thefe walks
run into each other fo frequently, their relation is fo ap-
parent, that the idea of the whole is never loft in the dU
vifions ; and the parts are, like the whole, large. They
agree alfo inftyle: the interruptions, therefore, never de-
ftroy the appearance of extent ; they only change the boun-
daries, and multiply the figures. To the grandeur which
the fpot receives from fucu dimenfions, is added all the
richnefs of which plantations are capable ; the thickets are
of flowering flxrubs : and the openings embtlli(hel with
little airy groups of the rnoft tlegant trees, fkirting or crof-
fing the glades ) but nothing is minute or unworthy of the
environs of the temple.

The gardens end here : this is one of the extremities of
the creicent, and hence, to the houfe in the other extre-
O'ity, is an open walk through the park. In the way, a
tent is pitched, upon a fine fwell, jurt above the water,
which is feen to greater advantage from this point than
from auy other. Its broadelt expaub is at the foot of the
T a hill :



2O8 PANCRAS.

hill: from that it fprends in feveral directions, fbmetimrs
under the plantat-oti-, fonutimes into the midft of them,
and Rt other times winding behind them. The principal
bridge of five arches is juft below. At a diftance, deep in
the wood, is another, a. (ingle arch, thrown over a ftream
which is loft a little beyond it. The pofition of the latter
is directly athwart that of the former j the eye pafe along
the one and under the other; and the greater is of ftone,
the fmaller of wood. No two objects bearing the fame
name can be more different in figure and fimation. The
banks alfo of the lake are infinitely diverfified: they are
open in one place, and in another covered with planta-
tions, whidi ibmetimes come down to the brink of the
water, and fomctimes leave room for a walk. The glades
are either conducted along the fides, or open into the
thicke-ft of the wood; and now and then they feem to
turn round it toward the country, which appears in the
off-kip, rifing above this picturefque and various fcene,
through a wide opening between the hanging wood on one
hand, and the eminence crowned with the Gothic tower on
the other.

1 his place is to be feen only on Mondays, Wednefdays,
and Fridays. The hoiife was built by Mr. Hopkins, but
the enchanting fceneswe have been defcribing were created
by Mr. Charles Hamilton.

PANCRAS, an extenfive parifh of Middlefex, firuate
N. of London, one mile from Holborn Bars. It not only
includes one third of the hamlet of Highgate, but the ham-
lets of Kentifh-town, Battle- bridge, Camden-town, and
Somers-town, as well as all Tottenham-court Road, and
all the ftreets to the weft, as far as Cleveland-ftreet and
Rathbone-place. The church and churchyard, dedicated
to St. Pancras, have been long noted as the burialplace for
fuch Roman Catholics as die in London and its vicinity;
alrhoft every ftone exhibiting a crofs, and the initials
R. I. P. (Requiefcat in Pace May he reft in Peace) which
initials are always ufed by the Catholics on their fepulchral
monuments. " I have heard it affigned," fays Mr. Lyfons,
' by fome perfons of that perfuafion, as a reafon for this
preference to Pancras as a burialplace, that before the Jate
convulfions in that country, mafles were fuid in a church in

the



PAR 209

the fouth of France, dedicated to the fame faint, for the
fouls of the deceafed interred at St. Pancras in England."
The churchyard was enlarged in 1793, by the addition of
a large piece of ground to the foutheaft. ID this pnrifli are
likewife feveral chapels of eafe, and the cemeteries belong-
ing to the parifhes of St. James, Weftminfter ; St. An-
drews, Holborn ; St. George the Martyr; and St. George,
Bloomfbury. The Foundling Hofpital, at the end of
Lamb's Couduit-ftreet, is in this parifh ; in which alfo ia
the Hofpital for Inoculation, to which a building was ad-
ded, in .1795, for the hofpital for the reception of patient*
with the natural fmall-pox, then removed from the fite in
Cold Bath Fields. In Gray's Inn Lane, is the Welfh
Charity School^ built in 1771. In a houfe, near the
churchyard, is a mineral fpring, formerly called Pancras
Wells, in great efteem fome years ago; and near Battle-
bridge is another called St. Chad's. See Higbga& y Ken~
wood, Kent ijk- town, and Veterinary College.

PARK-FARM PL4.CE, a beautirul villa, the property
of Lady James, and refidence of Sir Benjamin Hammet, at
Eitham. It is ornamented with pilafters of the Ionic order ;
and the grounds are laid out with great tafte.

PARSONS-GREEN, a hamiet to Fulham. Here was
Peterborough Houfe, the feat and extenfive gardens of the
great Earl of Peterborough, who was there often viiited'by
Locke, Swift, &c. After the death of the late Earl, the
houfe was fold to John Meyrick, Efq. but great part of the
old building is pulled down, and the grounds are let to a
market gardener. An ancient houfe, at die corner of the-
Green, belonged formerly to Sir Edmund Saunders, Lord
Chief Juftice of the King's Bench, in 1682, who raifed
himfetf to that elevated fituation from the low flation of
an errand boy in an attorney's chambers, in which he
taugtr liimfelf writing, and ftrft obtained an infight into
the law, by copying precedents, &c. in the abfence of the
clerks. It was the reudence of Samuel Richardfon, the
celebrated author of Sir Charles Grandifon, &c. A houfe
on the eaft fide of the Green, built by Sir Francis Child,
Lord Mayor of London in 1699, and modernized by the
late John Powdi, Eiq. is now the refidence of Sir John
Hales, Bart,

T 3 PECKHAM,



210 PET

PECKHAM, a hamlet of Camberwell. Here is a feat,
built in the reign of James II, by Sir Thomas Fond, who,
being engaged in the pernicious fchemes of that Prince, was
obliged to leave the kingdom, when the houfe was plun-
dered by the populace, and became forfeited to the Crown.
It jvas afterward the feat of Lord Trevor. The front has a
fpacious garden before it, from which extend two rows of
Jarge elms. The kitchen garden, and the walls, were
planted with the choiceft fruit trees from France ; and an
experienced gardener was fent for from Paris to have the
management of them ; fo that the collection of fruit-trees
in this garden has been accounted one of the belt in Eng-
land. It is now the property of William Shard, Efq.

PENTONVILLE, a village, on a fine eminence to the
weft of IHington. Although it joins that town, it is in the
parifli of St. James, Clerkenwell; and when that parifk
church was rebuilt by act of parliament, an elegant chapei
here was made parochial.

PETERSHAM, a village of Surry, 9! miles from Lon-
don, fituate on the Thames, in the midft of the moil beau-
tiful fcenery. The church was a chapel of eafe to King-
flon, till 1769, when, by act of parliament, this parifh and
Kew are now one vicarage. Here flood a feat, built by
Lawrence Earl of Rochefter, Lord Treafurer in the reign
of James II. It was burnt down in 1720; and the noble
furniture, curious paintings, and ineftimable library and
JUSS. of the great Earl of Clarendon, were deftroyed. On
the fite of this houfe, William firft Earl of Harrington
erected another, after one of the Earl of Burlington's dt-
figns. On the death of the late Earl, it was fold to Lord
CameJford, of whom the Duke of Clarence bought it, in
1 790. It was fold, in 1 794, to Colonel Cameron ; and is
BOW the refidence of Sir William Manners, Bart. The
front, next the court, is very plain ; but the other, next
the garden, is bold and regular, and the ftate apartments on
that fide are extremely elegant. The pleafure grounds are
fpacious and beautiful, extending to Richmond Park, a
fmall part of which has been added to them by a grant
from his Majefty, including the Mount; where, according
to tradition, Henry VJII rtood to fee the fignal for Anne
Boley n's execution.

FIRMER,



POP 211

PINMER, a hamlet to Harrow on the Hill, from which
town it is diftant about three miles. Though not paro-
chial, it had once a weekly market, along ago difufed.

PISHIOBURY, near Harlow, the feat of Jonathan
Mi lies, Efq. faid to have been built by Inigo Jones, for Sir
Walter Mildmay. Mr. Milles has made great improve-
ments in the grounds, which are watered by the Stort ; a
river, navigable from Stortford to the Lea.

PLIASTOW, a village in the parim of Weft Ham. It
gives the name of Plaiftdw Levels to the low laud between
the mouth of the river Lea and Ham Creek.

PLAISTOW, a village near Bromley, in Kent. Here is
the feat of Peter Thelluflbn, Efq. fitted up in a ftyle of ele-
gance, fcarcely to be equalled in the kingdom.

PLUMSTED, a village in Kent, between Woolwich and
Erith, on an eminence rifing from the Thames, has a very
neat church, and had formerly a market.

POLESDEN, in the parifh of Great Bookham, the^no-
ble feat of Sir William Geary, Bart, on an eminence,
which commands a beautiful profpeft. Behind the houfe
are the fined beech woods imaginable.

POPLAR, a hamlet of Stepney, on the Thames, to the
eaft: of Limehoufe, obtained its name from the great num-
ber of poplars that anciently grew there. The chapel was
erefted in 1654, by fubfcripticn, the ground being given
by the Eaft India Company; fince which time that Com-
pany have not only allowed the Minifter a houfe, with a
garden and field containing three acres, but aol. a year dur-
ing pleafure. It was nearly rebuilt by the Company in
1776. The chaplain's falary is now rool. with the pew
rents and burial fees. Here is an hofpital belonging to the
Company, in which are zz penfioners, (fome men, but
more widows) who have a quarterly allowance, according
to the rank which they, or the widows' hulbands, had on
board ; and a chaldron of coals annually. There are alfo
many out- penfioners belonging to the Company.

Poplar Marfli, called alfo Stepney Marfh, or the Ifle of
Dogs, is reckoned one of the richeft fpots in England; for
it not only raifes the largeft cattle, but the grafs is efteemed
a great reftorative of all diftempered cattle ; and cattle
turned into it foon fatten, and grow to a large fize. In

this



212 PUT

this marfh was aa ancient chapel, called the Cfiapel of St,
Mary; perhaps an hermitage, founded by fome devout
perfons, for the piirpofe of faying malles for the fouls of ma-
riners. OP. its foundation, ftili vifible, is a neat farm-houfe.

FOR i ER'S LODGE, the feat of Earl Howe, 14} miles
from London, fituate between Radlet and Colney Street,
on the right hand of the road from Edgware to Sc. Albans.

PRIMROSE HILL, between Tottenham Court and
Hampftead, has been alfo called Green-Bervy-Hill, from
the names of the three pt-rfons who were executed for the
fuppofed aflafii nation of Sir Edmundbury Godfrey, and
who were faid to have brought him hither after he had
been murdered near Somerfet Houfe. But Mr. Hume,
while he confidersthis tragical affair as not to be accounted
for, choofes, however, to fufpecl, that that magiftrate had
murdeied himfelf. Hume, fr'ol. f^Ill.p. 77.

PROSPECT PLACE, the villa of James Meyrick, Efq.
on an eminence, in the road from Wimbledon to Kingfton.
The grounds are well laid out, and command a rich view.

PURFLEET, in Ellcx, 19 miles from London, on the
Thames, has a public magazine for gunpowder, which is
depofited in detached buildings, that are all bomb-proof;
fo that, in cafe an accident fhould happen to one, it would
not atfedl the others. Each of thefe buildings has a con-
duftoK. This place has alfo fome extenfive tome-works.

PURLEY, in the parifli of Sanderfted, two miles be-
yond Croyden, lately the delightful refidence of John
Home Tooke, Efq. whence an ingenious philological work,
by that gentleman, derived the fingular title of " The DL-
verfions of Puriey." This houfe was the feat of Bradfhaw,
prefident of the court at the trial of King Charles I ; a cir-
cumllance to which Mr. Tooke humoroufly alludes in his
introduction to the abovementioned work. It is now oc-
cupied by the Rev. Mr. Tohnfon from Hengal.

PUTNEY, a village in Surry, on the Thames, five miles
from London, the birthplace of the unfortunate Thomas
Cromwell, Earl of Eflex, whole father was a blackfmith
here. Tt gave birth too, to Nicholas Weft, Bifhop of Ely,
an eminent ftatefman of the fame reign, whafe father was
a baker. In 1647, the head quarters of the army of the
Parliament were at Putney. Gtcccai Fairfax was then

quartered



PUTNEY. 213

quartered at the ancient houfe, now the property of Mrs.
1). Aranda. Ireton was quartered in a houfe, which is
now a fchool belonging to the Rev. Mr. Adams. An
obelifk was erected, in 1786, on Putney Common, on the
fide of which, toward the road, is. an infcription, import-
ing, that it was creeled 1 10 years after the fire of London,
pn the anniverfary of that dreadful event, in memory of an
"invention for fecuring buildings againft fire ; an infcription



Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 20 of 30)