F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

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Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 24 of 30)
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tomb of Bifhop Ruthall in Weftminfter Abbey. In this
room is Mrs. Darner's much admired model of two dogs
in terra cotta; a drawing in water-colours, by Mifs Agnes
Berry, from Mr. William Lock's Deith of Wolfey ; and a
landscape with^gipfies, by Lady Diana Beauclerk. The
chairs are of ebony, as are feveral others in the houfe.

Th( Blue Breakfafting Room contains feveral exquifite mi-
niatures of the Digby family, by Ifaac and Peter Oliver,
and others by Petitot, &c. Two other pictures here de-
ferve attention : one reprefents Charles II in a garden, and
his gardener on his knee, prefenting the firft pine-apple
raifed in England: the other, a charming portrait of Cow-
ley, when young, as a fhepherd, by Lely. In a clofet,
among other pictures, are a portrait by Hogarth, of Sarah
Malcolm in Newgate ; and a good view, by Scott, of the
Thames at Twickenham. In this clofet are two kittens,
by Mrs. Damer, in white marble.

In a niche on the flairs, is the rich and valuable armour,
of Francis I, of France. It is of fteel, gilt ; and near it is
an ancient picture, on board, of Henry V and his family.

The Library. The chimneypiece is taken from the
tomb of John Earl of Cornwall in Weftminfter Abbey ;
the ftone-work from that of Thomas Duke of Clarence at
Canterbury. The books, of which there is a very valuable
collection, are ranged within Gothic arches of pierced
wood. Among the moft remarkable objects, , are an an-
cient painting representing the marriage of Henry VI ; a
clock of Giver, gilt, a prefent from Henry VIII to Anne
Boleyn ; a fcreen of the firft tapeftry made in England, be-
ing a map of Surry and Middlefex ; a curfew, or cover-
fire : and an ofsprey eagle in terra cvtia, by Mrs. Damer. ,
The Star Chamber, a fmall anti-room, leading to the Hol-
bein room and great gallery, contains the famous buft of
Henry VII, done for his tomb by Torregiano. This room
has its name from the ceiling being fludded with liars in

The Holbein Chamber is adorned with pictures, chiefly by
and after Hoibein ; particularly, the Triumph of Riches



and Poverty, by Zucchero ; and Holbein's defign for a
magnificent chimney-piece for one of Henry VII Ith's pa-
laces. There is a curious picture of the Duchefs of Suf-
folk, and her hufband Adrian Stokes, by Lucus de Heere.
The cbimneypiece is taken chiefly from the tomb of Abp.
\Varham at Canterbury. Part of this room is feparated
by a fcreen, behind which ftands abed, the canopy of
which is crowned with a plume of red and white oftrich
feathers. By the fide of the bed hangs the red hat of Car-
dinal Wolfey.

The Gallery is 56 feet long, 17 hvgh, and* 13 wide. As
we enter it out of the gloomy pafTage, which leads from the
Holbein Chamber, the effeft, particularly on a bright day,
is very linking. The ceiling is copied from one of the fide
aides in Henry VH's chapel, ornanlented with fret-work,
and gilt. The moft remarkable pictures are Henry VII,
Mabeufe : Sir Francis Walfmgham, Zucchero ; Admiral
Montague Earl of Sandwich, Lely ; Sir George Villiers,
Janflen; George Villiers Duke of Buckingham, Rubens;
Sophia Countefs of Granville, Rofalba ; Men at Cards,
Miel ; a Landfcape, Pouffin ; Anne Duchefs of York, by
Mrs. Beale ; the Wife of Alderman Le Neve, Lely j
Henry Jermyn Earl of St. Alban's ; James fecond Earl
Waldegrave, Reynolds ; the Bafhaw Bonneval, Liotard ;
Henry Lord Holland, Ditto ; Alderman Le Neve, fine,
Lely ; John Lord Sheffield, More ; Virgin and Child, by
John Davis, Efq. Mr. Le Neve, Janflen ; Margaret of Va-
Jois Duchefs of Savoy, More ; Maria Countefs "Walde-
grave, Reynolds; Mr. Law, Rofalba; Earl of Hertford,
Ditto; Frances Countefs of Exeter, Vandyck ; Sir God-
frey Kneller, by himfelf; Catharine Sedley Countefs of
Dor chefter, Dahl ; Madame de Sevigne" ; Girl fcowering
Pots, Watteau ; Sevonyans, the Painter, by himfelf; Mary
Queen of France and Charles Brandon Duke of Suffolk ;
Tobit burying the Dead, fine, Caftiglione; Catherine de
Medicis and her Children, Janet ; Griffiere, the Painter,
Zouft; a Portrait, Giorgione ; a Flower-piece, Old Bap-
tift ; Anne Countefs of Dorfet and Pembroke ; Thomas
Diike.of Norfolk, More ; Henry Carey Lord Falkland,
whole length, Vanfomer ; Frances Duchefs of Richmond,
ditto, Mark Garrard ; Ludowic Stuart Duke of Richmond,




whole lenglh; Thomas Lord Howard of Bindon, ditto;
feveral Landfcapes and Sea-pieces, by Scott. In one of the
recedes, on an antique pedeftal, is a noble buft of Vefpafian,
in bafaltes. In the other recefs, on an antique pedeftal,
adorned with fatyrs' heads, and foliage, in relief, (lands the
famous Eagle, of Greek workmanmip, one of the fined
pieces of fcuipture known: it was found in the Baths of
Caracalla, at Ro:ne. On, and under the tables, are other
pieces of ancient fcuipture, in bufts and urns. On the
japan cabinets are choice fpecimens of Roman earthen ware,
finely painted and well prefcrved. In the windows, and
other parts of the room, are fome good bronzes.

Tb' Round Room, a circular drawing-loom at the end of
the Gallery, the chimneypiece of which was defigned from
the tomb of Edward the Confeflbr in Weltminfter Abbey.
This room, which is lighted by a bow window of fine
painted glafs, is richly ornamented, and has a beautiful
chimneypiece of marble, gilt, and inlaid with fcagliola.
In this room is the valuable antique bult, in bafaltes, of
Jupiter Serapis, from the late Duchefs of Portland's collec-
tion. The pictures are, Mrs. Lemon, the miftrefs of Van-
dyck, by himfelf; the Education of Jupiter, N. Pouffin;
Bianca Capella, Vafari ; Jacob leaving laba:, S. Rofa; a
Lan^dfcape, with Rocks, Gobbo Caracci ; the Countefles of
Leicefter and Carlifle, Vandyck ; a charming Landfcape,
Paul Brill.

The Tribune or Cabinet. This is a fmall fquare room,
with a femicircular recefs in the middle of each fide. It is
beyond conception fplendid and enchanting. Entire win-
dows of painted glafs, in which are large heads of Chrift.
and the Apoftles, furrounded with beautiful mofaics; a large
ftar of yellow ftained glafs in the centre of the dome; the
carpet, imitating the mofaic of the windows and the ftar in
the ceiling; and the gilt mouldings and ornaments; all
confpire to throw fuch a golden gloom over the whole
room, as to give it the folemn air of a Romifli Chapel ;
efpecially when firft viewed through the grated door. In
this room is the cabinet of enamels and miniatures, con-
taining a greater number of valuable portraits, by Petitot,
Zincke, and Oliver, than are to be found in any other col-
lection. Among the moll beautiful are Cow ley, by Zincke ;



the Countefs d'Olonne, Petitot; and Ifaac Oliver, by him-
felf. Catharine of Arragon and Catharine Parr, by Hol-
bein, are very valuable. In the glafj cafes on each fide of
the cabinet are fome exquifite fpecimens of art; particu-
larly, a fmall bronze buft of Caligula, with filver eyes,
found at Herculaneum; a magnificent miflal with minia-
tures, by Raphael and his fcholars ; and a fmall filver bell,
of the mofi: exquifite workmanfhip, covered over with
lizards, grafshoppeYs, &c. in the higheft relief, (fo as to
bear the moft minute inflection) by Benvenuto Cellini.
Among the pictures, are the Countefs of Somerfet, Ifaac
Oliver ; and a beautiful picture of Cornelius Polenburg,
by himfelf.

In The Great cr North Bedchamber are a ftate bed of
French tapeftry, and a chimneypiece of Portland ftone,
gilt, defigned by Mr. Walpole, from the tomb of Bifhop
Dudley, in Weftminfter Abbey. Here are alfo, a glafs
clofet, furnifhed with many curiofities and antiquities ;
and a beautiful ebony cabinet, inlaid with polifhed ftones
and medallions, and embellifhed with charming drawings
by Lady Diana Beauclerk, of fome of the moft interefting
fcenes in Mr. Walpole's tragedy of The Myfterious Mo-
ther. The chief pictures in this room are, Philip Earl of
Pembroke, whole length ; Henry VIII and his Children,
on board ; Margaret Smith, whole length, Vandyck ; the
original portrait of Catharine of Braganza, fent to England
previoufly to her marriage with Charles II ; Henry VII,
a fine portrait, on board ; Rehearfal of an Opera, Marco
Ricci; Ogleby, the Poet, in his Shirt ; Sketch of the Beg-
gar's Opera, Hogarth 1 ; Prefentation in the Temple, Rem-
brandt ; Countefs of Grammont, after Lely ; Duchefs de
Mazarine; Ninon 1'Enclos, original; Richard I, Prifoner
to the Archduke of Auftria, Mieris ; Duchefs de la Va-
liere ; Madame de Maintenon ; Frances Duchefs of Tyr-
connel ; a Landfcape and Cattle, G. Pouffm ; two Views
of Venice, Mariefki.

Library over the Circular Drawing Room. In this is a pro-
file of Mrs. Barry, the celebrated actrefs in the reign of
George I, Kneller ; and Mrs. Clive, Davifon. This li-
brary contains a valuable and extenfwe collection of prints;



among which are a feries of Engltfh engraved Portraits,
bound in volumes.

The piers of the Garden gte are copied from the tomb
of Bifliop William de Luda, in Ely cathedral. The garden
itfelf is laid out in the modern ftyle ; and, in the encircling
wood, is a neat Gothic Chapel, creeled on purpofe to con-
tain a curious mofaic flirine, (fent from Rome) the work
of Peter Cavalini, who made the tomb of Edward the
Confeflbr in Weltminfter Abbey. In this chapei are four
pannels of wood from the abbey of St. Edmiindfbury, with
the portraits of Cardinal Beaufort, Humphrey Duke of
(rloucefter, and Archbifliop Kemp. The window in this
chapel was brought from texhiil in SufTex : the principal
figures are Henry III and his v Queen.

The Earl of Orford permits his villa to be fcen by any
refpeclable perfons, on applying to him by letter or other-
wile, and complying with certain rules which, on account
of its fituation fo near London, he found it neceflary to-
prefcribe. Thefe rules, which are printed on the tickets
of admillion, ftate, that the houfe is open to parties of four
perfons only, from the ill of May to the ift of October,
between the hours of 12 and 3 ; and, as only one party
can be admitted on each day, a ticket cannot be given on a
day that is already engaged.

STREATHAM, a village, five miles from London, in
the road to Croydon. The Duke of Bedford is Lord of
the Manor, and his feat here is the refidence of Lord Wil-
liam RulTell. Here alfo is the villa of Gabriel Piozzi,jjEfq.
who married the widow of Mr. Thrale. In the library,
are the portraits of Lord Sandys, Lord Weftcote, Sir Jofhua
Reynolds, Dr. Johnibn, Mr. Burke, Mr. Garrick, Mr.
Goldfmith, Dr. Burney, Sir Robert Chambers, and Mr.
Baretti, who all fpent many focial hours in the room where
their portraits now hang, and which were painted for Mr.
Thrale by Reynolds. During the lifetime of Mr. Thrale,
Dr. Johnfon frequently refided here, and experienced that
fincere refpecl to which his virtues and talents were enti-
tled, and thofe foothing attentions which his- ill-health and
melancholy demanded. On the Common, are the hand-
fome villas of Mv. Alderman Newnham and Mr. Wilkin-


SUN 251

foil. A mineral water, of a. cathartic quality, was difco-
vered in this parifti, in 1660, which is ftill held in confi-
derable efteem ; and the water is fent in quantities to fome
of the hofpitals in London. In the chancel of the church
is an epitaph on Rebecca, the wife of William Lyne, who
<Hed in 1653: it was written by her hufband, who, after
enumerating her various virtues, thus concludes:

Should I ten thoufand years enjoy my life,
I could not praife enough fa good a wife.

On the fouth wall is a monument to a woman of equal

Elizabeth, wife of Major Genera] Hamilton, who was married near 47
years, and never did one thing to dif oblige her hufband. She died in 1 746.

SUDBROOK, the feat and fine park of the late Lady
Greenwich, now the refidence of Lord Stopfoid, between
Richmond ar.d Kingfton. The park extends to the

SUNDRIDGE, a village in Kent, between Wefterham
and Sevenoaks. See Ccomhnnk.

SUNDRIDGE HOUSE, late the elegant feat, beautiful
park, and extenfive p!eafure-grounds of William Wilfon,
Efq. at Bromley, in Kent. This eftate, including the
manor, and a pretty villa in the occupation of Mr. Pinch-
beck, is now the property of George Lynd, Efq.

SUNBURY, a village in Middlefcx, on the Thamef,
1 6i miles from London, contains the fine feat of the late
Earl of Pomfret, now of William Thomas St. Qnintin,
Efq. This feems to be an epitome of part of thefa^iJe to
Hampton-Court, and has often borne the appellation of
that palace m miniature. Here alfo are the villas of Mr.
Boehm, Mr. Parker, and Mr. Crofier.

SUNNING HILL, a village in Windfor Foreft, in the
road to- Reading, is noted for its fine fituation, and its me-
dicinal wells, which are efficacious in paralytic cafes. Near
the church is the feat of the Hon. John Yorke. In the
neighbourhood, is the feat of James Tibbald, Efq. on Beg-
gar's- Bufh Heath ; on the fide of the heath, is Col. Eger-
zon'sj at Bucket's Hill, is that of Smyth Barwell, Efq. at



Titneft Wood, is General Crofoy's; at Sunning-Hill Park,
or, as it is fometimes called, Beaver Park, is that of Jere-
miah Crutchley, Efq; and, near the New Mile Courle, is
that of Mr. Carter.

SWANSCOMBE, a village, two miles from Gravefend,
has the remains of a camp, fuppofed to be Danifh. This
is faid to be the place where the Kentifh men, with boughs
in their hands, like a moving wood, furprifed William
the Conqueror, and, throwing down their boughs, threat-
ened battle, if they had not their ancient cuftoms and fran-
chifes granted to them ; to which he immediately consented.
" But the fad," fays Dr. Aikin, " is doubted; 'though it is
certain, that many peculiar cuftoms ftill remain in Kent,
one of the moft remarkable of which is that of gavelkind."
See Jngrefs Park.

SWINLEY LODGE, on the fouthweft fide of Sunning
Hill, the refidence of the Mailer of the Buck Hounds. Here
is always a number of deer kept for the royal chafe, under
his care and direction : he appoints the days of hunting,
takes care of the foreft deer, and his Majefty's flag and buck
hounds; and, for this purpofe, has many inferior
under him, who fuperintend the feveral parts of the foreft,
divided into different walks, or appointments.

SYDENHAM, a village in Kent, on the declivity of a
fine hill, eight miles from London, famous for its medici-
nal wells.


TADWORTH COURT, the feat of Mr. Hudfon, on
Walton Heath, near Gatton.

TAPLOE, a village near Maidenhead, in Buckinghsm-
fliire, 25 miles from London. It is finely elevated above
the Thames, is diftinguifhed by its noble woodlands ayd pic-
turefque appearance, and is adorned with many handfome
houfes. Taploe Houfe, the ancient feat of the Earl of In-
chiquin, ftands on the fummit of the hill. On a fine emi-
nence in the park, is an oak, faid to have been planted by
Queen Elizabeth, when in confinement here. *' But !
fufpeft," fays Mr. Ireland, " that it muft, at that period,
have been of fufficient growth to afford aaiple fliade to her



imjefty, which could not have been the cafe had (he planted
it herfelf. It is the noble remains of a very aged tree,

" Whofe antique root peeps out
u Upon the brook that brawls along the wood."

This delightful village is adorned with many handfome
houfes ; particularly* the feats of Lady Moore, Lord Eli-
bank, Lady Wynne, Sir Willoughby Afton, and the Rev.
Mr. Packftone. Taploe Lodge, on Taploe Common, by
the fide of Cliefden Gardens, the feat of John Fryar, Efq.
was lately the property of Sir John Lade, Bart, who much
improved ii, and fold it to Mr. Fryar, for 7000!. Mr.
Fryar has made great additions to the houfe and gardens.

TEDDINGTON, a village in Middlefex, featcd on the
Thames, 12 miles from London. Some have fuppofed its
name to denote the ending of the tide, which does not flow
above this village Tide-end-town, or, in the Saxon, Tyd-
end-ton. Mr. Lyfons obferves, that there can be no other
objection to this etymology than that the place is called
Totyngton in all records, for feveral centuries after its name
firft occurs. On the banks of the Thames, are feveral good
houfes ; particularly the Manor Houfe, built by the cele-
brated Lord Buckhxirft, in 1602. It is the property of George
Peters, Efq. and in the occupation of Captain Smith and
his Lady, the Dowager Lady Dudley and Ward. In one
of the bed-chambers is a flate-bed, given by the Emperor
Charles VI to Sir George Rooke, and two portraits of that
gallant Admiral; the one taken when he was a young man,
the other after he became an admiral. Near Lord Or-
ford's, is the handfome feat of John Walter, Efq. built
about 30 years ago, by the late Mofes Franks, Efq. after a
defign by Sir William Chambers, who likewife laid out the
grounds with great tafte. The houfe has a fine lawn in
front, at an agreeable diftance from the road, under which
is a fubterranean grotto, communicating with the Thames,
and with a charming terrace, which has a fine view of the
moft pleafing objects along and acrofs the river. Mr. Wal-
ter, who purchafed this feat of the reprefentatives of the
Jate Mr. Franks, has made confiderable improvements.
The feat of Robert Udney, Efq. has a large and valuable
collection of pictures, by the old mailers, chiefly of the
/, Italian


Italian fchool. Tn this parifh is alfo a houfe, built and fit-
ted up at a great expence, toward the clofe of the Jaft cen-
tury, by Sir Charles Duncombe, Lord Mayor of Londou
in 1709. The ceilings were painted by Verrio, and the
carving was executed by Gibbons. Two rooms thus or-
namented ftill remain; and the houfe is now the residence
of William Douglas, Efq. The church is a perpetual
curacy, which was enjoyed 51 years by that good man and
great philofopher, Dr. Stephen Hales, who lies buried un-
der >he tower of the church, which he had erefted at his
own expence.

THAMES, the fineft river in Great Britain, which takes
its rife from a copious fpring, called Thames Head", two
miles S.W. of Cirencefter. It has been faid, that its
same is I/fs, till it arrives at Dorchefter, 15 miles below
Oxford, when, being joined by the Thome, or Tame, it af-
fumes the name of the Thames, which, if has been obferv-
ed, is formed from a combination of the words Thame and
///j. What was the origin of this vulgar error, cannot now
be traced. Poetical fiction, however, has perpetuated this
error, and inverted it with a kind of claffical fanftity. " It
plainly appears," fays Camdrn, " that the river was always
called Tvanes or Terns, before it came near the Thame ;
and in feveral ancient charters granted to the abbey of
Malmfbury, as well as to that of Enefham, and, in the old
-deeds relating to Cricklade, it is never confidered under
any other name than that of Thames." He likewife fays,
that it occurs no where under the name of I (is. All
the hiftorians, who mention the incurfions of Ethelwold
into Wiltfhire, in 905, or of Canute, in 1016, concur like-
wife in the fame opinion, by declaring, "-that they parted
over the Thames at Cricklade in Wiltfliire." It is not
probable, moreover, that " Thames Head," an appellation
by which the fource has ufually been diftinguiflied, fhould
give rife to a river of the name of liis; which river, after
having run half its courfe, fhould reaffume the name of
Thames, the appellation of its parent fpring. " Under the
name of Thames," fays Dr. Aikin, " is included its prin-
cip.-.l branch, the Ifis; for, in faft, the beft writers afierr,
that His is a mere poetical name, not known by the inha-
bitants of its bauks, who uniformly call the principal river



the Thames, ^uite up to its head. Ifis is the ancient name
Oztfe, common to fo many rivers, latinized. The Tame,
commonly fuppofed to give name to the Thames, is an in-
confiderable rivulet, which, flowing by the town of Tame,
bends round to meet the imaginary IGs above Walling-
ford." About a mile below the fource of the river, is the
firft corn-mill, which is called Kemble Mill. Here the
river may properly be faid to form a conftant current;
which, though not more than nine feet wide in fummer,
yet, in winter, becomes fuch a torrent, as to' overflow the
meadows for many miles around. But, in fummer, the
Thames Head is fo dry, as to appear nothing but a large
dell, interfperfed with ftones and Weeds. From Somerford
the ftream winds to Cricklade, where it unites with many
other rivulets. Approaching Kemsford, it again enters its
native county, dividing it from Berkfhire at Inglefliam. It
widens confiderably in its way to Lechlade; and, being
there joined by the Lech and Coin, at the ciiftance of i 38
miles from London, it becomes navigable for vefiels of <.o
tons. At Enfham, in its courfe N. E. to Oxford, k
firft bridge of ftorte ; a handfome one, of thrt-e arches,
built by the Earl of Abingdon. Pa fling by tLe ruin- f
Godftow Nunnery, the river reaches Oxfo:d, in whole ~.\i\-
demic groves, its poetical name of Ifis has been fo often in-
voked. Being there joined by the Charwel!, it proceeds
S. E. to Abingdon, and thence to Dorchefter, where it re-
ceives the Thame. Continuing its courfe S. E. by V/al-
lingford "to Reading, and forming a boundary to the coun-
ties of Berks, Bucks, Surry.'Middlefex, Eflex, and Kent, it the towns of Henley, Marlow, Maidenhead, Wind-
for, Eton, Egham, Staines, Laleham, Chertfey, Vv'eybridge,
Shepperton, Walton, Sunbury, Eaft and Weft Moulfev,
Hampton, Thames Ditton, Kingfton, Teddington, Twick-
enham, Richmond, Ifleworth, Brentford, Kew, Mortlake,
Barnes, Chifwick, Hammerfmith, Fulhain, Putney, Wandf-
worth, Batterfea, Chelfea, ond Lam'octh t Then, on the
north bank of the river, are Weftminiler and London, and,
on the oppofite fide, Southwark ; forming fogether one
continued Hty, extending to Lime4]oufe and Deptford;
and hence the river proceeds to Greenwich, Eritli, (jreen-
hithe, Gray's Thurrock, Gravefend, and Ltigh, into the
Z 2 ocean.


orean. It receives in its courfe from Dorchefter, the rivers
Kennet, Loddon, Coin, Wey, Mole, Wandle, Lea, Roding,
and Parent.

It is irnpoflible to defcribe the beauties which the banks
of this noble river difplay from Windfor to London; the
numerous villages, on each fide, being adorned with mag-
nificent feats, elegant villas, extenfive pleafure-grounds, and
beautiful gardens. Nor can any thing be more pleafingly
picturefque than the great number of barges and boats, both
for pleafure and burden, which are continually paffing and
repaffing, above Weftminfler Bridge,

" And where the filver dream firft rural grows."

And, below London Bridge, what an idea muft a fo-
jfeigner conceive of the commerce and opulence of the Me-
tropolis, when he beholds the innumerable mnfts, which ex-
tend, like a foreft, to Deptford and Limehoufe ! No won-
der, then, that this fine river fliould be a favourite theme
with ibme of our moiUliilinguifiied poets.

O couU I flow like thre, and make thy ftream

J.Jy gnat example, as it is my theme!

STho' de:p, yetclw j tho' gentle, yet not dullj

iv-ong vUhottv r .ge, without o'erflowing f'ulJ. DCNKAM,

Thou, too, great Father of the Briti-li floods,

Y/itii joyful pride furvey'i} cur lofty woods ;

Where toweiing oaks their {rowing honours rear,

And future navies on thy ft (ires appear.

Not Neptune's felf from all (tie ftrearns receives

A wealthier tribute than t<i thir.e he givis.

No 1'eas fo rich, fo gay no banks ippear,

No lake fo gentle, and no fpiing k> clear. POPK.

The Lord Mayor's jurifdi&ion over the Thames extends
from Coin Ditch, a little to the weft of Staines, to Yendal or
Yenleet, to the eaft, including part of the rivers Medway
and Lea; and he has a deputy, named the Water Bailitf,
who is to fcarch for, and puiiifli, all offenders againft the
Jaws for the prefervation of the river and its fifh. Eight
times a year the Lord Mayor and Aldermen, hold courts
of confeVvancy for the four counties of Surry, Middlefex,
Effex, and Kent.


Though the Thames is faid to be navigable 138 miles
above bridge, yet there are fo many .flats, that, in fumaier,
the navigation weft ward would be entirely flopped, wfceu
the fprings are low, were it not for a number of locks.
But thefe are .attended with considerable expence ; for a
barge from Lechlade to London pays for paffing through,
them, 13!. 155, 6d. and from Oxford to London 12!. i8s.
This charge, however, is in fmnmer only, when the water

Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 24 of 30)