F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

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Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 25 of 30)
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is low; and there is no lock from London Bridge to Bol-
ter's Lock; that is, for 51^ miles above bridge. The plan
of new cuts has been adopted in fome places, to fliorten and
facilitate the navigation. There is one near Lechlade,
which runs nearly parallel to the old river, and contiguous
to St. John's Bridge; and there is another, a mile from
Abingdon, which has rendered the old Cream, toward
Culliam Bridge, ufelefs.

Some of our poets have been fond to 'imagine (what
perhaps they confidered as merely imaginary) a junction
between the Thames and the Severn. Pope fuggefted the
idea in a letter to Mr. Digby, dated iu 1722. And thus
the Pott of the Fkece :

Trent an.! Severn's wave
By plains alone difpartcd, woo to join
M^jeftic Thamis. With rheir diver urns
The nimble-footed Nui'ads of the fprings
Await, upan the ocwy lawn, to fpecd
And celebrated the union. DYER.

This poetical vihon has been realized. A canal has
been made, by virtue of an act of parliament, in 1730,
from the Severn to Wall Bridge, near Stroud. A new
canal afcends by Stroud, through the vale of Chalfor.d, to
the height of 343 feet, by means of 28 locks, and thence to
the entrance of a tunnel near Sapperton, a diftahce of near
eight miles. This canal is 4.1. feet in width at top, and
30 at the bottom. The tunnel (which is extended under
Sapperton Hill, and under that part of Karl Bathurft's
grounds, called Haley Wood, making a diftance of two
miles and three furlongs) is near 15 feet in width, and can
navigate barges of 70 tons. The ouial, descending hence
1 34 feet, by 14 Jocks, joins the Thames at Lechlade, a uif-
tance of 2O miles.

Z 3 In

258 THE

In the courfe of this vaft undertaking, the canal, from
the Severn at Froomlade, to Inglefham, where it joins the
Thames, is a diftance of more than 30 miles. The ex-
pence of it exceeded the fum of 200,000). of which 3000!.
is faid to have been expended in gunpowder alone, ufed for
the blowing up of the rock. This work v\ as completed in
1789, in lefs than feven years from its commencement.
A communication, not only with the Trent, but with the
Merfey, has likewife been effected, by a canal from Oxford^
to Coventry; and a confiderable progrefs is made in'
another canal from this, at Braunfton, to the Thames at
Brentford. This is called the Grand Junction Canal.
On the extenfive advantages refulting from thefe navigablar
communications from the Metropolis with the ports of
Briftol, Liverpool, Hull, &c.' and the principal manufac-
turing towns in the inland parts of the kingdom, it is need-
Jefs to expatiate.

The tide flows up the Thames as high as Richmond,
which, following the winding of the river, is 70 miles from
the ocean; a greater diftance than the tide is carried by any
other river in Europe. The water is efteemed extremely
wholefome, and fit for ufe in very long voyages, during
which it will work itfelf perfectly fine.

THAMES DITTON, a village in Surry,. between
Kingfton and Eflier. Here are Boyle Farm, the villa of
Lord Henry Fitzgerald, and the feats of Richard Jofeph Sul-
livan, Efq. and Sir Francis Ford, Bart. To the latt gen-
tleman, as proprietor of Ember Court, belongs an atms-
houfe here for fix poor people, S*e Ember Court.

THEOBALDS, a village on the New River, in the pa-
rifh of Chefhunt, Herts. Here the great Lord Burldgh
built a feat, and adorned it with magnificent gardens, in
which he feems to have anticipated all the abfurdities that
are commonly afcribed to a tafte, fuppofed to have been
long after imported from Holland. " The garden," fays
Hentzner, " is encompafled by a ditch filled with water,
and large enough to have the pleafure of rowing in a boat
between the ftirubs : it was adorned with a great variety
of trees and plants, labyrinths made with much labour, a
jet d'eau with its bafon of white marble, and with columns
and pyramids."

O how


O how unlike the fcene my fancy forms,

Did Folly, heretofore, with Wealth confpire,

To plan that formal, dull, disjointed fcene>

Which once -was call'd a garden. Britain ftill

Bears on her breaft full many a hideous wound

Given by the cruel pair, when, borrowing aid

From geometric (kill, they vainly ftrovc

By line, by plummet, and unfeeling fheers,

To form with verdure what the builder form'd

Withftone. Egregious madnefs ! yet purfu'd

With pains unwearied, with expence unfumm'd,

And fcience doating. Hence the fidelong walks

Of fliaven yew ; the holly's prickly arms

Trimm'd into high arcades ; the tcmfile box

Wove, in mofaic mode of many a curl,

Around the figur'd carpet of the lawn. '

Hence too deformities of harder cure :

The terrace mound uplifted; the long line

Deep-delv'ci of flat canal ; and all that Toil,

Mifled by taftelef* Falhion, could atchieve

To mar fair Nature's lineaments divine. MASON.

But let it be remembered, to the honour of Lord Bur-
leigh; that Botany, then in an infant flate, was much in-
debted to him. He patronized that celebrated botanift
John Gerard ; and his garden contained the bell collection
of plants of any nobleman in the kingdom.

Queen Elizabeth was entertained in this houfe no left
than twelve times; and each time it coft Burleigh 2000!.
or 3000!. her majefty being there fometimes three weeks, a
month, or even fix weeks together. He gave this feat to
his younger fon, Sir Robert Cecil, (afterward Earl of Salif-
bury ) in whofe time James I, (laying there for one night, in
his way to takf pofteffion of the crown, was fo delighted
with the place, that he gave him the manor of Hatfield in
exchange for Theobalds, and afterward enlarged the park,
and encompafled it with a wall ten miles round. This pa-
lace he often vifited, in order to enjoy the pleafure of hunt-
ing in Enfield Chafe and Epping Foreft; and here he died.
In the civil war, it was plundered and defaced ; it being the
place whence Charles I fet out to erecl his flandard at Not-
tingham. Charles II granted the manor to George Monk,
Duke of Albemarle; but it reverting to the Crown, for
want of heirs male, King William gave it to William Earl


2&O T H O

of Portland, from whom it defcended to the prefent Duke,
who fold it to George Prefcott, Efq. The park has been
converted into farms. The fmall remains of Theobalds,
(fuch as the room where King James died) were demo-
lifhed, in 1765, by Mr. Prefcott, who leafed out the fite of
it to a builder, and erected a handfome houfe for himfelf,
about a mile to the fouth of it. It is now the feat of Sir
George William Prefcott, Bart.

THEYDON BOIS, a village in Eflex, 14 miles from
London, to the left of the road to Chipping Ongar.

THEYDON GERNON, between Theydon Bois and
Theydon Mount, is frequently called Cooperfale, from
a capital feat of that name, two miles N. of the church.
This, and fome of the neighbouring pariflies, may be called
" The Garden of Eflex," from the pleafing variety of hills
and vales, the fertility of the foil, the number of villas in-
terfperfed, and thediverfity of beautiful profpec"ls.

THEYDON MOUNT, near 1 6 miles from London,
on the left of the road to Chipping Ongar. The church,
which had been burnt by lightning, was rebuilt by Sir
William Smyth, Bart. In it are fome monuments, the
moft ancient of which is that of Sir Thomas Smyth, an able
flatefman, one of the moft learned men of his age, and a
great promoter of the ftudy of the Greek language. See
Hill Hall.

THOBY PRIORY, fo called from Tobias, the firft Ab-
bot, is fituated in the parifh of Mountnelling, 22 miles
from London, on the road to Chelmsford. It was founded
in the reign of Stephen, and was granted, by Henry VIII,
to Cardinal Wolfey. It is now the property of Henry
Prefcott Blencoue, Efq. and in the occupation of John
Prinfep, Efq. The houfe, though ftill a fpacious edifice,
has been confiderably reduced v within a centuiy part.
Some arches are ftill ftanding, as monuments of its original

two parilhes between Brentwood and Horndon-on-the-
Hill. The churches of Weft Thorndon and Ingrave
being both ruinous, the two pariflies were united by aft of
parliament, and a new church was built, in 1734, by the
father of the prefent Lord Petre.


T H U 26l

THORNDON HALL, the magnificent feat of Lord
Petre, in the parifh of Weft Thorndon, Eflex. The houfe,
built by Paine, is fituated on a fine eminence, at the ter-
mination of an avenue from Brentvvood, two miles long.
It is built of white brick, and confifts of a centre and two
wings, connected by circular corridors. The approach
from Brentwood is to the weft front, which is not adorned
"with any portico or columns ; but the eaft front has a
noble portico, with fix fluted pillars of the Corinthian or-
der. The lawn falls hence in a gentle flope ; and the pro-
fpecl over the Thames into Kent is very fine.. The Hall
is a noble room, 40 feet fquare ; richly ftuccoed, orna-
mented with fine marble, and containing a great number
of portraits. The drawing-room, 38 feet by 26, is hung
with green damafk. Adjoining to this, is the library over
one of the corridors ; and this is terminated by the gallery
in which the family fit, when attending divine fervire in.
the elegant chapel which occupies the right wing. The
nobleft apartment, whenever it is finished, will be the grand
faloon, which is in the weft front, and is 60 feet by 30.
Among the paintings at Thorndon Hall, are Lewis Cor-
naro and his family, and Sir Thomas More and his family;
the firft faid to be by Titian, and the fecond by Holbein ;
but the originality of the latter is difputed. See ff'alpole't
Anecd. of Painting, yd. I. f, 143.

The park is extenfive, finely timbered, and very beau-
tiful. The woods are large, and, for variety as well as
rarity of trees, are fuppofed to be unequalled. The mena-
gerie is a charming fpot.

THORPE, a village in Surry, between Chertfey and
Egham. At Ambrole's Barn, in this parifh, refides Mr.
Wapfhot, a farmer, whofe anceftors have lived on the fame
fpot ever fince the time of Alfred, by whom the farm was
granted to Reginald Wapfhot. Notwithftanding the anti-
quity of this family (and can the Howards or Percys afcend
higher?) their fituation in life has never been elevated or
deprefled by any vicifiitude of fortune. In this parifli are
the feats of Sir Edward Blacket, Bart. John Manningham,
Efq. and the Rev. Mr. Bennett ; and, at Thorpe Lea, is
the villa of Mr. Wyatt.

THUNDRIDGE, a village of Herts, two miles north-



eaft of Ware, and on the fouth fide of the river Rib. Ac
Thundridgebury is the feat of William Hollingfworth, Efq.

TILBURY, EAST, on the Thames, below Tilbury
Fort. "In this parifh," fays Morant, * was the ancient
ferry over the Thames. The famous Higham Caufeway
from Rochefter by Higham, yet vifible, points out the
place of the old ferry ; and this is fuppofed to be the place
where the Emperor Claudius crofled the Thames, in pur-
iuit of the Britons, as related by Dion Caffius, i. 60." In
this parifh, is a field, called Cave Field, in which is an ho-
rizontal paflage to one of the fpacious caverns in the neigh-
bouring parifh of Chadwtll. Of thefe Camden has given a
fketch in his Britannia; and he defcribes them as in a
chalky cliff, built very artificially of (tone, to the height of
ten fathoms. Dr. Derham meafured three of the mod
confiderable of them, and found the depth of one of them
to be 50 feet, of another 70 feet, and of the third 80 feet.
Their origin is too remote for inveftigation.

TILBURY, WEST, an ancient town in EfTex, near the
mouth of the Thames. Here the four Roman proconsular
ways crofled each other, and, in the year 630, this was the
fee of Bifhop Ceadda, or St. Chad, who converted the Eaft
Saxons. It is fituated by the marflies, which are rented by
the farmers, and grazing butchers of London, who generally
ftock them with Lincolnfhire and Leicefterfhire weathers,
which are fent hither from Smithfield in September and
October, and fed here till Chriftmas or Candlemas; and
this is what the butchers call right marfh mutton. In
this parifh is a celebrated fpring of alterative water, difco-
vered in 1717. When the Spanifli armada was in the
Channel, in 1 588, Queen Elizabeth had a camp here,
which was where the windmill now Hands; and fome
traces of it are vifible.

TILBURY FORT, in the parifh of Weft Tilbury, op-
ponte Gravefend, is a regular fortification, and may be
termed the key to London. The plan was laid by Sir Mar-
tin Beckman, chief engineer to Charles II. It has a dou-
ble moat, the innermoft of which is 180 feet broad ; with a
good counterfcarp, a covered way, ravelins, and tenails.
Its chief ftrength on the land fide confifts in its being able
to lay the whole level under vrater. Ou the fide next the


TOT 263

river is a ftrong curtain, with a noble gate, catted the water-
gate, in the middle; and the ditch is paliladed. Before
this curtain is a platform in the place of a counterfcarp, on
which are planted 106 guns, from 24 to 46 pounders each,
betide fmaller ones planted between them ; and the bafti-
ons and curtains are alfo planted with guns. Here is like-
wife a high tower, called the Block-houfe, faid to have been
built in the reign of Queen Elizabeth.

TITTENHANGER HOUSE, near St. Alban's, a feat
of the Earl of Hardwicke's, the refidence of Mrs. Crawley.

TOOTING, UPPER, a hamlet in the parifh of streat-
ham, and in the road to Reigate, 5} miles from London.
Here is Grove Houfe, the feat of Mr- Powell.

TOOTING, LOWER, fix miles from London, on the
fame road, has alfo many good houfes. The tower of the
church is remarkable for being of a circular form, with a
low fpire.

TOTTENHAM, a village, 41 miles from London, in
the road to Ware. In this parim is an ancient manor-
houfe, called Bruce Caftle, lately fold by Thomas Smith,
Efq. to Mr. Ayton, the Banker, of whom it was purchafed
by his partner Mr. Lee. Here alfo is the elegant refidence,
called Mount Pleafant, of Rowland Stephenfon, Efq.
Grove Houfe, the feat of Thomas Smith, Efq. Lofd of the
Manor, was feveral years the refidence of that upright and
excellent judge, Sir Michael Forfter.

The church is fituated on an eminence, almofl furround-
ed by the Mofel, a rivulet, which rifes on Mufwell Hill.
Over the porch is an apartment in which the parifli bufi-
nefswas formerly tranfaded. The veftry was creeled in
1697, by Lord Coleraine, who made a vault in it for him-
felfand his family. It has, indeed, the appearance of a
maufoleum, having a dome leaded, and crowned with an
obeli fk.

At the end of Page Green, (lands a remarkable circular
clump of elms, called the-Seven Sifters. In a field on the
weft fide of the road, is St. Ley's well, which is faid to be
always full, and never to run over ; and, in a field oppo-
ilte the Vicarage Houfe, rifes a fpring, called Bi/hop's
Well,, of which the common people report many ftrange


264 T U R

In the town, has been a crofs, from time immerorial. It
was formerly a column of wood, raifed" upon a little hil-
lock ; whence the village took the name of High Crofs. It
was taken down about 200 years ago, and the prefent ftruc-
ture erected, in its ftead. by Dean Wood.

In this parifli are three alms-houfes. Of one of them,
for eight poor people, it is remarkable, that it was creeled
by Balthazar Zanchez, a Spaniard, who was confectioner
to Philip II of Spain, with whom he came over to Eng-
land, and was the firft that exercifed that art in this
countty. He became a Proteftant, and died in i6oz. It
is faid that he lived in the houfe, now the George and
Vulture Inn ; at the entrance of which are fixed the arms
of England, within a garter, fupported by a lion and griffin,
and with the initials E. R : over another door is 1587.
Here alfo is a free fchool, of which, at the end of the lafl
century, that celebrated fcholar and antiquary, Mr. Wil-
liam Baxter, was mafter.

There is a Queer's Meeting at Tottenham : on which
account, many families of that perfuafion have their coun-
try houies here.

TOTTERIDGE, a village of Hertford (hi re, near Bar-
net, ten miles from London. Among many other hand-
fome houfes, is the feat, with a fine park, of Mrs. Lee.

TRENT PLACE, a beautiful villa on Enfield Chafe.
"When that part of the Chafe, which was referved to the
Crown, in confequence of the aft for disforefting it, was
foid by aucYion in the duchy court of Lancafter, two of the
lots were bought by Dr. Richard Jebb, who had fuccefs-
fully attended the Duke of Gloucefter, when dangeroufiy
ill, at Trent, in the Tirol. Dr. Jebb converted his pur-
chafe into a delightful park, and erected this elegant villa,
in imitation of an Italian loggia, with a mufic-room, &c.
His Majefty, on conferring the dignity of Baronet on Dr.
Jebb, gave the name of Trent Place to this villa, in grate-
ful commemoration of the medical (kill by which the
Duke's life had been preferved. After the death of Sir
Richard, the Earl of Cholmondeley purchafed this place ;
but it is now the property of John Wigftor*, Efq.

TURNHAM GREEN, a village, five miles from Lon-
ion, in the pariih of Chifwick. Here is the villa of .the



fate Lord Heathfield, now the property of Dr. Mayerf-
bach ; and near this is the new-built noule of James Arm-
ftrong, Efq.

TWICKENHAM, a village of Middlefex, 10} miles
from London, fituate on the Thames, and adorned with
many handfome feats. Proceeding along the river from
Teddington, is a delightful cottage, the retreat of the late
Mrs. Clive, which Mr. Walpole gave to her for her life;
and in the gardens of which he has placed an urn, with this
infcription :

Ye Smiles and Jefts, ftill hover round ;

This is Mirth's confecratcd ground :

Here liv'd the laughter-loving Dame,

A matchlefs Adlrefs, dive her name.

The Comic Mufe with her retir'd,

And flied a tear wheQ me expir'd. H. W.

This houfe adjoins the wood belonging to-Strawberry Hill,
and is now the refidence of Mifs Mary and Mifs Agnes
Berry. Next to Strawberry Hill is the houfe lately the
property of Sir Francis Baflet, Bart, now in the occupation
of the Ladies Murray. Below this, is Mr. May's beautiful
little houfe, built by Mr. Hudfon, the painter, the mafter
of Sir Jofliua Reynolds; oppofite the back of which is a
fmall houfe, with an elegant Gothic front, the property of
Mr. Lewen> Next is the celebrated villa of Pope, now of
Welbore Ellis Lord Mendip ; adjoinwg to whofe gardens
is Colonel Crolby's. Near this is the feat of Countefs
Dowager Poulett. Farther down is Ricluhonds Houfe, the
feat of Mrs. Allanfon. All thefe houfes enjoy a pleafing
profpect up and down the river, perpetually enlivened by
the weft-country navigation, and other moving pictures on
the furface of the water. Below the church is Yorke Houfe,
the feat of Colonel Webber. On the fite of the late Earl of
Stafford's houfe, Lady Anne Conolly has creeled a noble
feat. Next to this is the houfe of George Pooock, Efq.
(fon of the late Admiral Sir George Pocock, K. 13.) the
additional oclagon room to which was built,to entertain
Queen Caroline at dinner, by the then proprietor James
Johnftone, Efq. Jn 1694, it was lent (by the then pro-
prietor Mrs. Davies) to the Princefs Anne of Denmark ;
A a ~ change


rhangc of nir being thought necefiary for the Duke of
Glourcflfi- ; and the Duke brought with him his regiment
of I'oys, [Sff Cnmpden Hovfr] which he ufed to excrcife on
the oppoiite ayte. Below this is Mr. Hardinge's pretty
box. called Ragman's Cattle. Near this are Marble Hill
and Spencer Grove; below which is the feat of Richard
( )'..-en Cambridge, Efq. who has a good collection of pic-
tures bv the old matters, and fome valuable portraits ; par-
ticularly, a fine portrait of Secretary Thurloe, by Dobfon ;
Mary Davis, a celebrated aftrefs in the laft century ; An-
gelica Kauffman, by herfelf ; and a large group or the late
Nabob of Arcot and his family, Kettle. The view of
Kichmond Hill, by Tillemans, is particularly mterefting,
fo near the fpot whence it was taken. Next this is Twick-
enham Park, the feat of Lord Frederick Cavendifh.
Here the great Sir Francis Bacon, (whom Voltaire calls
the father of experimental pbilofophy) fpent much of
the early part of his life, in ftudious retirement ; and here
lie entertained Queen Elizabeth, to whom he then pre-
fented a fonnet in praife of the Earl of Ef&x. In this
houfe are two fine portraits, faid to be of General Monk
and General Lambert ; Edward Earl of Ortord, and two
other Admirals, in a converfation piece ; a frame, with
fketches of fix heads, in Lely's manner; a Spanifh bull-
fight, &c. Thefe, with all the furniture. Were left as heir-
looms by the Countefs of Mountrath, from whom Lord
Frederick inherits the eltate. Part of the houfe is in the
parifh of lileworth. In the meadows between this houfe
and the river, was originally the fite of Sion nunnery.

We* now return to Pope's houfe and gardens. In his
lifetime, the houfe was humble and confined. Veneration
for his memory has fince enlarged its dimenfions. The
centre building only was the refidence of Pope. Sir Wil-
liam Stanhope, who purchafed it on his death, added the
two wings, and enlarged the gardens. Over an arched
wav, leading to the new gardeus, is a buft of Pope in white
marble, under which are thefe lines by Earl Nugent ;

The riumble roof, the garden's fcanty line,
III fuit the genius of the bard divine:
Bt-K Tancy now difpUysa fairer fcope,
And Stanhope's plans unfold the foul of Pope,



Lord Mendip, who married the daughter of Sir William
Stanhope, ftuccoed the front of the houfe, and adorned it
in an elegant ftyie. The lawn was enlarged ; and, to-
ward the margin of the river, propped with uncommon
care, itand the two weeping willows planted by Pops him-
felf. They who can cherifli each memorial upon cl
ground, will rejoice to find that thefe trees (one of which,
is one of the fineft of its kind, a vegetable curiolity) are as
fioiirifhing as ever. Not only the prefent proprietor pre-
fer ves inviolate the memory of Pope, but flips of this tree
are annually tranfmittt-d to different parts ; and, in 1789,
the Emprefs of Rullia had fome planted in her own garden
at Petcrfburgh.

The once celebrated grotto is no longer remarkable but
for having been creeled under the immediate direction of
our bard. The dilapidations of time, r.nd the pious tbefis of
vifitors, who felect the fpars, ores, and evc.ii the common-
flints, ss io mzu\Jacrcitrt:cs, have ahno'l broi^ht it to ruin.
It no longer forms a "camera obfcura ;" nor dees "the
thin ulabaiter lamp of an orbicular form" now " irradiate
the ftar of locking- glafs'' placed in the centje of it. Even
the " perpetual rill that echoed through the cavern day
and night," is no longer in exiftence. Sec Pofe's Later to.
E. Bfainf, Efj. Juxt 2, 1725.

In two adjoining apertures in the rock are placed a Ceres
and a Bacchus, an excellent buft of Pope, and fome other
figures. In the right cavity, which opens to the river, by a
final! window latticed with iron bars,, our bard fat, it ii <V,UI,
when he compofcd fome of his h^p'ieft verfcs. At the ex-
tremity next the garden, is thifinlcription, from Horace,
on white marble :

Secretum iter tc fallcntis fcmiu vitx.

Tn another grotto, which pa/Tes under a road to the ffobfcs,
and connecls the pleafu re grounds, are two bufts, in Italian
marble, of Sir William Stanhope and the Earl of Chtilfr-
ficld. In a niche, oppofite each, is a Roman urn ol exqiii-
fire workmanfhip. Maff'es of ftone are fcattertd round, in
imitation of rocks; and wild plants and hardy foreft trees
are glauted on each fide, to give a fylvan judencfs to the
A a i ft cue.


fcene. From this fpot, after vifiting the orangery, &r.
you are led to a fmall obelifk, ereded by the filial piety of
our poet, with this tender and pathetic mfcription :





In thispnriih is a houfe, belonging to Mrs. Duane, which
was the refidence of the witty, profligate, and eccentric
Duke of Wharton, whofe infamiy, more than one of our
poets has immortalized.

Some folks nre drunk one day, and fome for ever,

And Tome, like Wharton, but twelve years together. FITT,

Wh-mor:, the fcorn and wonder of our days,
\Vhofr ruiiTg pafTion was the luft of praife :
' v.-ith wh.ttc'er cou'.i win it from the wife,
^Vomcii ir.u: r", '.': rr.'.ifi like him, or he dies:
Tho' wc/nd'p-i7 !<:r,atc> Ii.irr: on all he fpo-kc,

Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 25 of 30)