Copyright
F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

. (page 26 of 30)
Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 26 of 30)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


: ii-itt ni.-.licr of tlu-

SM.-.1I puts fo various aim ;it r.o.h'ng new ?
li?}\ (hi:,e ;i Tally aid a V/ihmc t o.
Then turns repentant, ?nd his Gud adores
V/ith ths taroe fplrit tli.it l.e drir.k<> and vvh 1 -,." - - ;
Enough it" all around h'm but admire,
And now the punk applaud, ani now the fiUr."
Thus with each g'rt of r.r.tuve and of a:t,
And wanting nothing but sn honelt heirt;
Grown all to all, from no one vice exempt ;
And mr.ft contemptible, to (him conternpt ;
His pafiion ftill, to covet general pr.iiic ;
His life, to forfeit it a thoufand ways ;
A conitant bounty, which no friend his made;
An angel tongue, which no man can pcifuade;
A fool, with more of wit than half mankind,
Too rafh for thought, for action too rcfin'J j
A tyrant to the wife his heart approves ;
A rebel to the very king he lovc-s ;
He dies, fad outcavt of each church and ftate,
Arid, hardtr ftill ! flagitious, yet not great. POPE,

Lady Mary Wortley Montague lived feveral years in the
houfe, which was the late Dr. Morton's

In the church of Twickenham, Pope and his parents are

interred.



V A L 269

interred. To their memory, he himfelf ererfled a monu.
ment: to his own, the gratitude of Warburton creeled
another. On the outfide of the church, on a marble ta-
ble, are the following lines, by Mii-s Pope, to the memory
of Mrs. Cltve-.

dive's blamelcfs life this tablet fhall proclaim,

Her moral virtues and her well earn 'd Tame.

la comic fcenes the ftage /he early trod,

" Nor fought the critic's praife, nor fear'd his rod."

In real life, was equal priife her due,

Open to pity and to friend/hip to>;

ID wit ftill pleafing, as in coaveife free

From all that could afRift humanity :

Her gen'rous heart to all her friends was known,

And ev'n the ftranger's forrows were her own.

Content with tame, ev'n affluence (he wav'd,

To fliare with others what by to;l (he fav'd. ;

And, nobly bounteous, from her flender (lore,

She bade two dear relations not be poor!

Such deeds on life's fhort fccnes true glory fhcd,

And heav'nly plaudits hail the virtuous dead.

On the fmall river Crane (which enters the Thames at
Ifleworth) are Mr. Hill's gunpowder and Mr. Window's
oil-mills. See Marbk Hill, Ragman's Co/tie, Richmont/s
Hottf?, Spencer Grove, Strawberry Hilt, Wbition^ and 2~crte
Houfe.

TYBOURN, anciently a village, weft of London, on the
rivulet Ty bourn, whence it took its name. It is fituated in
the parifli of Paddington. Here the city had nine ancient
conduits. CJofe toTybourn Bridge ftood the Lord Mayor's
Banqueting Houfe, to which his Lordfliip ufed to repair,
with the Aldermen and their ladies, in waggons, to view
the conduits; after which they had an entertainment at
the Banqueting Houfe. This edifice was taken down in
1737. Tybourn was, till 1783, the place of execution for
London and Middkfex..



V



ALENTINE HOUSE, the feat of the late Sir Charles
Raymond, Bart, and now of Donald Cameron, .Efq.
A a 3 at



270 VAUXHALL.

atllford, in Eflex. In a hot-houfe, here, Mr. Cameron
has a vine, which is almoft incredibly productive.*

VAUXHALL, one of the fix precmc"ls of the pai ifh of
Lambeth. There is ^a tradition, that Guy Faukes refided
in the manor-houfe of Vauxhall or Fauxhall, the fite of
which is now occupied by Marble Hall and the Cumber-
Jand Tea Gardens. But there appears no ground for this
tradition, except the coincidence of names. Here is an
almmoufe for feyen poor women, founded in 1612, by Sir
Noel Caron, who was Ambaflador from Holland to this
country. Over the gate is a Latin infcription, importing,
that it was founded in the 32nd year of his embafly, " as an
infignificant monument of what he owed to tfie glory of
God, in gratitude to the nation, and in munificence to the
poor." The prefent income of thefe houfes is zSl.lper an-
num, payable out of Caron Park, the villa of Charles
Blicke, Efq. (exclufive of a legacy of i,iool. bequeathed to



* The following account of this vine is taken from Mr. Gilpin's Re-
flecYions on Foreft Scenery: "This vine was planted, a cutting, in 175*$,
of the black Hamburgh fort ; and as this fpecies will not eafily bear the
open air, it was planted in the hot-houfe; though without any prepara-
tion of foil, which in thofe grounds is a ftifFloam, or rather clay. The
hot-houfe is 70 feet in the front ; and the vine, whicjji is not pruned in
the common way, extends 20 feer, part of it runrijng along the fouth
wall on the outfide of the hot-houfe. In the common mode of pruning,
this fpecies of vine is no great bearer ; but rrianaged AS it is, it produces
wonderfully. Sir Charles Raymond, on the death of hij- lady, in 1781,
left Valentine Houfe ; at which time the gardener had tke profits of the
vine. It annually produces about 400 weight of grapes ; which ufed
formerly (when the hot-houfe, I fuppofe, was kept warmer) to ripen in
March ; though lately they have not ripened till June, when they fell at
43. a pound, which produces about Sol. This account I had from Mr.
Eden himfelf, the gardener, who planted the vine. With regard to the
profits of it, I think it probable, from the accounts I have had from other
hands, that when the grapes ripened earlier, they produced much more
than 8cl. A gentleman of character informed me, that he had it from
S.r Charles Raymond himfelf, that, after fupplyin^ his own table, he
made 120!. a year of the grapes ; and the f^ms gentleman, who was curi-
ous, enquired of the fruit-dealers, who told him, that in fome years, they
iuppofed the profits have not amounted to lefs than 300!. This does not
contradict Mr. Eden's account, who faid, that the utmoft he ever made of
it (that is, I fuppofe, when the .grapes fold for 43. per pound in June)
was 84!. The ftem of this Vine was, in 1789, j 3 inches in circum-
feicnce.

the



VAUXHALL GARDENS. 27!

the alms-people, in 1773, by the Dowager Countefs Gower.
Thefe women muft be parifhioners of Lambeth, and up-
ward of 60 years old. They are allowed to get an addi-
tion to their income, by the exertions of induftry. On the
right handof the road to Wandfworth, is a fine fpring called
Vauxhall Well; which, in the hardeft winter, is never
known to freeze. See Lambeth, South.

VAUXHALL GARDENS, the moft celebrated public
gardens in Europe, fituate near the Thames, in the parifli
of Lambeth. The time when this enchanting place was
firft opened for the entertainment of the public is not eafy
to be afcertained. In the reign of Queen Anne, it appears
to have been a place of great public refort ; for in the Spec-
tator, No. 383, dated May 20, 1712, Mr. Addifon has in-
troduced his favourite character, Sir Roger de Coverley, as
accompanying him in a voyage from the Temple Stairs to
Vauxhall. Long after we find in the Connoifleur, No. 68,
a very humorous defcription of the behaviour of an old
citizen, who, rtotwithftanding his penurious difpofition,
Jiad treated his family here with a handfome fupper. The
gardens appear to have been originally planted with trees,
^nd laid out into walks, for the pleauire of ''a private gen-
tleman.* Mr. Jonathan Tyers having taken a Jeafe ot the
premifes in 1730, opened ' Vauxhall (then called Spring
Gardens) with an advertifement of a Ridotto al Frefco.
The novelty of this term attracted great numbers : and
Mr. Tyers was fo fuccefsful in occafional repetitions of the
fame entertainments, as to be induced to open the gardens
every evening during the fummer. To this end, he was
at a great expence in decorating the gardens with paint-
ings, in which he was affifted by the humorous pencil of
Hogarth. He likewife erefted an orcheftra, engaged a
band of mufic, and placed a fine ftatue of Handel, by Rou-
biliac, in a confpicuous part of the gardens.

The feafon for opening the gardens commences fome
time in May, and continues till toward the end of Auguft.
Every evening (Sunday and Friday excepted) they are
opened at half part fix.

* Sir Samuel Morland, Knight, who difplayed in his houfc and gar-
dens, many whimfical proofs uf bis /kill io mechanics,

On



272 VAUXHALL GARDENS.

On entering the great gate, to which you are conduced
by a fliort avenue from the road, you pay two {hillings for
admittance. The firft fcene that falutes the eye, is a no-
ble gravel walk, 900 feet long, planted on each fide with
a row of ftately elms, which form a fine vifta, terminated
by the reprefentation of a temple, in which is a tranfpa-
rency, emblematic of gratitude to the public.

Advancing a few fteps, we behold, to the right, a quad-
rangle, called the Grove. In the centre, is a magnificent
Gothic orcheftra, ornamented with carvings, niches, &c.
The ornaments are plaftic, a compofition fomething like
plafter of Paris, but known only to the ingenious architect
who defigned this beautifur object. In fine weather, the
mufical entertainments are performed here by a band of
vocal and inftru mental performers. At the upper extre-
mity of this orcheftra, is a fine organ ; and, at the foot of
it, are the feats and defks for the muficians, placed in a
femicircular form, leaving a vacancy at the front for the
vocal performers. The concert is opened with inftrumen-
tal mufic at eight o'clock, after which the company are
entertained withafong; and in this manner other fongs
are performed, with concertos between each, till the clofe
of the entertainment, which is at eleven.

In the front of a large timber building, which you ap-
proach from the middle of the great room, is a painted
lamlfcape, called the Day Scene. At the end of the firft
act, this is drawn up, to exhibit the fcene of a cafcade, with
a very natural reprefentation of a water-mill, and a bridge,
with a mail coach, a Greenwich long ftage, &c. In tea
minutes, it is down again, and the company return to hear
the remaining part of the concert. A glee and catch, in
three or four parts, are performed in the middle and at the
end of the mufical bill of fare, which always connfts of fix-
teen pieces.

In the grove, fronting the orcheftra, tables and benchea
are placed for the company, and, ftill further from the or-
cheftra, is a pavilion of the Compofite order, built for the
)ate Prince of Wales. The afcent is by a dmible flight o
fteps. Behind it, is a drawing-room; to which is an en-
trance, from the outfide of the garden^ for the admittance
of any of the royal family..

The



VAUXHALL GARDENS. 273

The grove is illuminated by about 2oooglafs lamps, and
a great number of variegated lamps are interfperfed, which
produce a fine effect.

In cold or rainy weather the mufical performance is in a
rotundo. This is 70 feet in diameter, and nearly oppofite
the grand orcheftra. Along the front, next the grove, is a
colonnade, formed by a range of pillars, under which is the
entrance from the grove. Within this room, is the little
orcheftra. In the centre of the rotundo hangs a glafs
chandelier. The roof is a dome, dated on the outtide. It
is fo contrived, that founds never vibrate under it; and
thus the mufic is heard to the greateft advantage. It is now
made to reprefent a magnificent tent, the roof of which is
of blue and yellow filk in alternate ftripes: it feems to be
iupported by 20 pillars, reprefenting Roman fafces gilt,'
and bound together by deep rofe-coloured ribbands, with
military trophies in the intervals. The fides of the tent
being drawn up, and hanging in the form of feftoons, the
rotundo has the beautiful appearance of a flower garden;
the upper part being painted all round like a iky, and the
lower part, above the feats, with fhrubs, flowers, and other
rural decorations. At the extremity of this rotundo, op-
pofite the orcheftra, is a faloon, the entrance of which is
formed by columns of the Ionic order, painted in imitation
of fcagliola. In the roof, which is arched and elliptic, are
two little cupolas in a peculiar tafte; and, from the centre
of each, defcends a large glafs chandelier. Adjoining to
the walls are ten three-quarter columns for the fupport of
the roof: they are of the Ionic order, painted in imitation-
of fcagliola. Between thefe columns are four pictures, (in
magnificent gilt frames) by the mafterly pencil of Mr.
Hayman.

The firft reprefents the furrender of Montreal, in Ca-
nada, to General (now Lord) Amherft. On a ftone, at
one corner of the picture, is this infcription :

POWER. EXERTED,

CONQUEST OBTAINED,
MERCY SHEWN!

MDCCLX.

The



VAUXHALL GARDENS.

The fccond reprefents Britannia, holding a medallion of
his prefent Majcity, and fitting on the right hand of Nep-
tune, in his chariot drawn by feahories. In the back-
ground is the defeat of the French fleet by Sir Edward
Hawke, in 1759. Round the chariot of Neptune are at-
tendant fea-nymphs, holding medallions of the molt diftin-
guiflied Admirals in that glorious war. For that of Lord
Hawke, his Lord {hip fat to the painter. The third repre-
fents Lord CJive receiving the homage of the Nabob of Ben-
gal. The fourth reprefents Britannia diftributing laurels
to the principal officers who ferved in that war; as the
Marquis of Granby, the Earl of Albemarle, General (now
Marquis) Townfhend, Colonels Monckton, Coote, &c.

The entrance into this faloon, from the gardens, is
through a Gothic portal, on each fide of which, on the iu-
fide, are the pictures of their Majefties, in their coronation
robes.

A few years ago, a new room, 100 feet by 40, was added
to the rotundo. It is now opened as a fupper room. In
a recefs, at the end of it, is the beautiful marble fiatue of
Handel, formerly in the open gardens. He is reprefented,
]ikc Orpheus, playing on the lyre. This was the firft di-
play of the wonderful abilities of Roubiliac. Although
not fo large as the life, it is very like the original. The
excellence of the fculpture exhibits a model of perfection,
both in the defign and execution.. In fine, this combina-
tion of rare talents in theperfon reprefented, and the happy
idea of the fculptor, gave rife to the following well-turned
compliment :

Drawn by the fame of thefe embower'd retreats,
See Orpheus rifen from th' Elyfian feats !
Loft to th' admiring world thoufand years }
Beneath great Handel's form he re-appear.,,,

The grove is bounded by gravel-walks, and a number
of pavilions, ornamented with paintings defigned by Hay-
maa and Hogarth; and each pavilion has a table that will
hold fix or eight perfons. To give a lift of the paintings
in thefe pavilions, we muft begin with our entrance into
the garden. The firft is on the left hand, under a Gothic
piazza and colonnade, formed by a range of pillars, which

ftretch



VAUXHALL GARDENS. 27$

ft retch along the front of the great room. It reprefems
two Mahometans gazing in afronifhment at the beauties of
the place; 2. A fhepherd playing on his pipe, and decoy-
ing a fhepherdefs into a wood; 3. New River Head, at
Islington; 4. Quadrille, and the tea- equi page ; 5. Mafic
s:id tinging; 6. Building houfes with cards ; 7. A fcene in
the Mork Doclor ; 8. An Archer ; g. Dances round the
'Maypole ; i o. Thread my needle ; 1 1 . Flying the kite ; 1 3 .
Pamela revealing to Mr. B's houfe-keeper her wiflies to re-
turn home ; 13. A fcene in the Devil to Pay ; 14. Shuttle-
cock ; 15. Blunting the whittle; 1 6. Pamela flying from
Lady Davers; 17. A fcene in the Merry Wives of Wind-
for; 18. A fea engagement between the Spaniards and
Moors.

The pavilions continue in a fweep which leads to a
beautiful piazza and a colonnade 500 feet in length, in
the form of a femicircle, of Gothic architecture, embel-
lifhed with rays. In this femicircle of pavilions are three
large ones, failed temple?; one in the middle, and the
otrTers at each end, adorned with a dome; but the two
latter are now converted into portals, (one as an entrance
into the great room, and the other as a paflage to view
the cafcade) which are directly oppofite to each other:
the middle temple, however, is ftill a place for the recep-
tion of company, and is painted, in the Chinefe tafte, by
Rifquet, with the ftory of Vulcan catching Mars and Ve-
nus in a net. On- each fide of this temple the adjoining
pavilion is decorated with a painting; that on the right re-
prefents the entrance into Vanxhall ; and that on the left,
Friendihip on the grafs, drinking. The paintings in the
other pavilions of this fweep are landfcapes.

Having traverfed this femicircle, we come to a fweep of
pavilions that lead into the great walk : the laft of thefe is
a painting of Black-eyed Sufan returning to fliore.

Returning to the grove, where we fiiall find the remain-
der of the boxes and paintings better than thole heretofore
fecn, and beginning at the eaft end, which is behind the
orcheftra, and oppofite the femicircle above mentioned,
the pavilions are decorated with the following pieces:
i. Difficult to pleafe; z. Sliding on the ice; 3. Bagpipes
and hautboys ; 4. A bonfire at Charing Crofs, the Jxilif-

bury



S.? VAUXHALL GARDENS.

buiy ftage overturned, &c. 5. Blindman's buff; 6. Leap
frog; 7. The Wapping landlady, and the tars juft come
afhore; 8. Skittles.

Proceeding forward we fee another range of pavilions,
in a different ftyle, adorned with paintings, and forming
another fide of the quadrangle. Thefe are, i. The taking
of Porto Bello; 2. Mademoifelle Catherine, the dwarf;
3. Ladies angling; 4. Bird-nefting; 5. The play at bob-
cherry ; 6. Falftaff's cowardice detected ; 7. The bad fa-
mily ; 8. The good family; 9. The taking of a Spanifh
regifter-fhip, in 1742.

Next is a femicircle of pavilions, with a temple and dome
at each end. In the centre, is the entrance of an anti-room,
leading to the Prince's Gallery, which was built in 1791,
and is opened on mafquerade and gala nights only. It is
near 400 feet long, and is adorned, on each fide, by land-
fcapes in compartments, between paintings of double co-
lumns, encircled in a fpiral form by feftoons of flowers.
At one end, is a fine tranfparency, reprefenting the Prince
of Wales in armour, leaning againft his horfe, which is
held by Britannia, while Minerva is holding the helmet,
and Prudence fixing the fpurs ; and Fame appears above,
with her trumpet, and a wreath of laurel. The anti-room,
erected in 1792, is fitted up all round with arabefque or-
naments, on pannels of a white ground, between fluted
pilafters.

The remainder of the paintings in this range are, i.
Bird-catching; 2. See-faw; 3. Fairies dancing by moon-
light ; 4. The milk-maid's garland; 5. The kifs ftolen.

Here ends the boundary of the grove on this fide; but,
turning on the left, we come to a walk that runs along the
bottom of the gardens : on each {ide t)f this walk are pavi-
lions, and thofe on the left hand are decorated with the fol-
lowing paintings : i. A prince and princefs in a traineau ;
a. Hot cockles; 3. A gypfy telling fortunes by the coffee-
cups; 4. A Chriftmas gambol; 5. Cricket.

On the oppofite fide is a row of pavilions; and, at the
extremity of this walk, is another entrance into the gardens
immediately from the great road. At the other end of the
walk, adjoining to the Prince's pavilion, is a femicircle of
pavilions ornamented with three Gothic temples.

From



VAUXIIALL GARDENS. 2/7

From the upper end of this walk, where we concluded
the lift of the paintings, is a narrow vifta that runs to the
top of the gardens : this is called the Druid's or Lover's
Walk : on both fides of it are rows of lofty trees, which,
meeting at the top, and interchanging their boughs, form a
fine verdant canopy. In thefe trees build a number of
nightingales, blackbirds, thrufhes, &c. whofe fweet har-
mony adds to the peculiar pleafure which thefe fhades af-
ford. The anti-room runs acrofs one part of this walk.

Returning to the fpot where once flood the flatue of
Handel, we may, by looking up the garden, behold a noble
villa, which is called the, grand fouth walk, of the fame fi/e
as that feen at our firft entrance, and parallel with it. It is
terminated by a Gothic temple, which is opened on gala
nights, and exhibits four illuminated vertical columns, in
motion, and, in the centre, an artificial fountain: all which
is effected by very ingenious machinery.

In the centre of the crofs gravel walk, is a temple, the
largefl of the kind, in England, built in 17)56, by Mr.
Smith of Knight (bridge, and brought here in three pieces
only, though the diameter is 44 feet, and the dome is fup-
ported by eight lofty pillars. On the right, this walk is
terminated by a fine ffotue of Apollo ; and, at the extremity
on the left, is a painting of a ftone quarry in the vicinity
of BrUlol.

From our fituation to view this painting is another gra-
vel walk that leads up the gardens, formed on the right fide
by a wildernefs, and on the left by rural downs, as they are
termed, in the form of a long fquare, fenced by a net, with
little eminences in it after the manner of a Roman cnmp.
There are likewife feveral bufhes, from under which, a ft w
years ago, fubterraneous mufical founds were heard, called
by fonne the fairy mufic ; which put many people in mind
of the vocal foreft, or that imaginary being called tor o,?.
nius of the wood ; but the damp of the earth being fouiui
prejudicial to the inftruments, this romantic entertainment
ceafed. The downs are covered with turf, and inter/uerfed
with cyprefs, fir, yew, cedar, and tulip trees. On one of t!xe
eminences, is a ftatue of Milton, catt in lead by Ruubih.tc,
but painted of a ftone colour. He is feated oa a io k,
liftening to fubterraneous harmony :

B b Swrct



2;8 VAUXHALL GARDENS.

Sweet mufic breathe
Ahove, around | or untie n.uth,
Sent by feme fpirit to mortals .good
Or th* unfcen genius of ihe wood. IL PENSOROIO.

Moft of the walks form the boundaries of wildernefles
eompoied of trees which flioot to a great height, and are
all inrlofcd by a rude, but fuitable fence, fomewhat in the
Chinefe tafte.

A few years ago, a colonnade, which forms a fquare, was
creeled in the walks round the orcheftra. It is an admira-
ble flicker from a fliower of rain. It coil 2000!. the ex-
penfe of which was defrayed by a Ridotto al Frefco. The
roof, &:c. aie richly illuminated, particularly on a gala
night, when upward of 14,000 lamps have been ufed in the
gardens at one time.

In a dark night the illuminations are very beautiful, and-
cannot fail to pk-afe every fufceptible fpedator; but in a
moon-light night there is fomething which fo ftrongly af.
feels the imagination, that any one who has read the Ara-
bian Nights' Entertainment, can hardly fail to recollect the
snagic, reprefentations in that book.

When the mufic is finished,' numbers of the company
retire to the pavilions to (upper. To detain their vifitors,
the proprietors have engaged a band of wind mufic to con-
tinue playing in the grand orcheftra, while, at intervals, a
hand of Savoyards, in a fmall moveable orchefira, contri-
bute alfo to enliven the fcene. Not one of thefe perfor-
mers is permitted to take money, or any refrefhment, from
the company. On gala nights, the band of the Duke of
York's regiment of guards, drcfied in full uniform, adds to
the fplendour of the gardens by the mr.gnificence of mili-
tary harmony.

About one hundred nights make the" feafon of Vaux-
hail ; and the average of one thoufand perfons a night is
fuppoied to make a good feafon to the proprietors. More
than i r,ooo perfons have been aflembled in thefe gardens
at once ; and of thefe, not lefs than 7000 were accommo-
dated with provifions and refrefhments.

Befide the covered walks, all paved with compofition,
inftead of clinkers or gravel, almoft all the pavilions have
colonnades in front, feven feet broad, which -effectually

fhelter



VET 279

fhelter them from rain ; and there is a handfome waiting.
room, 30 feet by 20, near the coach entrance into the
gardens.

Here it may not be improper to fubjoin an account of
the provifions and wines as they are fold in the gardens.



Champagne

Fib.-.tir.iac

Burgundy

Claret

Old Hock

Rhcnlfb.

Madeira

Sherry

Cjicavella

Mountain

O'd Fort

Arrack, per quart
Table-beer, 4uart rnua
A chtckert '
A pulled chicken
A difli of hnm
A pi t'e c.f ham
A plate of beef



VETIULAM, a once celebrated town, fituate r lofe by
St. A' tan's. In the time of Nero it was a mutiicif>ium, or
town, the inhabitants of which enjoyed the privileges of
Roman citizens. After the departure of the Romans, it
was entirely ruined by the wars between the Britoas and
Saxons; and nothing remains of ancient Verulam. but the
ruins of wails, tcflellated pavements, and Roman coins,
which art fometimes dug up. The fite of it has been long



Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 26 of 30)