the feat of William Leake, Efq. See Amiuell, StanJIed, Ab-
lots, Thundridgcbwy , Ware Park, 'Nation Wood Hall, and
WARE PARK, the feat of T. Hope Byde, Efq. beau-
tifully fituate on a hill, rifing above the rich vale, termi-
nated by Ware and Hertford. The park has all the ad-
vantages which refult from inequality of ground, abundance
of water, fine plantations, and a rich circumjacent coun-
try. In the beginning of the laft century, it was the feat of
Sir Henry Fanfliaw, whofe garden Sir Henry Wotton calls
" a delicate and diligent curiofity, without parallel among
WARLEYS, the beautiful feat and park of Mr.
Urquhart, two miles N. E. of Waltham Abbey.
WATFORD, a market-town in Herts, 14 miles from
London, upon the Coin, where it has two ftreams that run
feparately to Rickmanfworth.
WATTON WOOD HALL, an elegant feat, five miles
from Hertford, built by the Jate Sir Thomas Rumbold,
Bart. The park is planted with great tafre ; and a beautiful
rivulet, called the Rib, which rum through 'it^ is formed.
into a fpacious canal, with iflands for the haunts of fwans.
It is now the feat of Paul Benfield, Efq
WELWYN, a village in Herts, 2.5 miles from London,
in the road to Bedford. Of this place, the celebrated Dr.
Young was Rector; and here was the fcene of his melan-
cholv, but pleafing effufions, " The Night Thoughts."
WESTBOURN PLACE, the feat of Mrs. Coulfon, at
"Weftbourn Green, in the parifh of Paddington, i^mile
from London. This green is one of thofe beautifully ru-
ral fpots, for which that parifh, though contiguous to the
metropolis, is diftinguiftied. The eftate was the property
of Mr. Ifaac V/are, who, having quitted the ignoble profef-
fion of a chimney-fweeper, ftudied architecture, commenced
the man of tafte and fcience, and became the editor of the
works of Palladio, and of other pro fefiional publications.
"With materials brought from the Earl of Cheiterfield's
houfe in May-Fair (which he was employed to rebuild) he
erected the prefent rnaniion. It was fold by his executors
to Sir William Yorke, Lord Chief Jufticeof the Common
Pleas in Ireland, who refided in it for fome time, and af-
terward let it to a Venetian Ambaflador. In 1768, he
fold it to the 1 ite Jewkes Coulfon, Efq. who expended a
confiderable fnm in enlarging the houfe, and laying out the
grounds. The library, which he added to the houfe, is
faid to have coll 1500!. The houfe is fituated on a rifing
ground, which commands a pleafing view of rlampfteaci
and Highgate : the village of Paddington, with its elegant
new church, produces a pretty effect, when viewed from
hence ; and as no part of London can be feen, a perfon
difpofed to enjoy the pleafures of rural retirement, may
here forget his proximity to " the bufy hum of men."
Very near this handfome villa is a farm-houfe, occupied
by the Marquis of Buckingham, as an occasional country
WESTCOMB PARK, in the parifti of Greenwich,
was the manor of Mr. Lambard, author of the " Perambu-
lation through Kent." It came, after a fucceflion of dif-
ferent proprietors, into the pofleffion of the late Earl of
Pembroke. This nobleman, whofe fine tafte and fkill in ar-
chitecture have been juftly celebrated, pulled down the old
houfe, which ftood on the fpot now occupied by the (tables,
C c 2 and
and rebuilt it in its prefent (ituation, about the year 1/32.
Of Lord Pembroke it was purchafed by Charles third Duke
of Bolton, who refided here, upward of twenty years, with
Mils LaviniaFenton, (the celebrated Polly Peachum) whom
he married in 1751 ; and who continued here, as Duchefs
Dowager of Bolton, from 1754, till her death in 1760,
when this feat became the property of her fon, the Rev. Mr.
Powlett. After her death it was fucceffively occupied by
Lord Ciive, the Marquis of Lothian, the Duchefs of Athol,
and Mr. Halliday, and is now the refidence of William
Petrie, Efq. The houfe is highly finifhed with carving
and rich ceilings. The wainfcotand chimneypieces appear
to be of an older date, and were probably brought from
the ancient manfion. The principal beauty of Weftcomb
Park is the terrace, near the houfe. The profpecl it com-
mands of Shooter's Hill, from the fummit4othe bafe, and
of a long extent of the river, which terminates in feveral
windings under Charlton Wood, is beautiful and magni-
WESTERHAM, a market-town, zi 4- miles from Lon-
don, in the road to Eaft Grinftead. Near this place is the
noble feat of John Ward, Efq. called Squirries. It ftands
on a fmall eminance with reipecl: to the/ront ; but, on the
bark of the edifice, the ground rifes very high, and is di-
vided into feveral fteep flopes. Near the, houfe are fome
woods, through which are cut feveral ridings. On the
oth-r fide of the bill, behind the houfe, arife nine fprings,
which, uniting their ftreams, form the river Darent. Near
this place alfo is Hill Park, the feat of John Cotton, Efq.
famous for its fine cafcades, formed by the Darent.
Wefterham is celebrated as the birthplace of that emi-
nent defender of civil and religious liberty, Dr. Hoadly,
Ep. of Winchefter. Here alfo General Wolfe was born :
he is buried in the church ; and on a tablet to his memory
are the following lines :
.Brave. youin, me lairen in tne mis or iame :
Proud of thy birth, we boaft th' aufpicious year;
Struck with thy fall, we fhc;l tlie generous tear j
W H i
With humble grief infcribe one artlefs ftone,
And with thy matchlcfs honours date our own.
WEXHAM GREEN, adjoining to Stoke Green, on
which is the pleafant feat of Randal Ford, Efq.
WEY, the principal river in Surry, nfes in Hampfhire,
and, after palling Guilford, flows to the Thames, which it
joins near Chertfey. Pope has characterized this river, as
The chalky Wey, that rolls a milky wave.
WEYBRIDGE, a village in Surry, four miles from
Hampton Court, took its name from a bridge formerly
erected here over the Wey. In this parifti are Say's Place,
and Brooklands, the feats of George Payne, Efq. The
latter is a very charming place ; and if it were not in the
vicinity of Paine's Hill and Oatlands, might be held in the
higheft eftimation ; for, with, refpect to natural beauties, it
is, in the opinion of good judges, fuperior to both thofe
places. See Oatlands, Ham Farm, ami l^oburn Farm,
WHITCHURCH, or LITTLE STANMORE, near
Edgware, is celebrated for the magnificent feat built here
by James firft Duke of Chandos. The church, which is an
elegant little ftructure, contains all that now remains of the
magnificence of Canons. The body of it was built by the
Duke, who would have ereded a new tower alfo ; but the
parifhioners having fold their bells, in expectation that this
munificent nobleman would provide a new let, his Grace
took fuch offence at this circumftance, that he would pro-
ceed no farther in his defign, than decorating the infide.
The organ is placed at the eaft end of the church, in a re-
cefs behind the altar, and not much elevated above it : it is
viewed through an arch, fupported by Corinthian columns,
and forming an opening over the communion-table, which
produces a fine effect. The ceiling and walls are painted,
by Laguerre, with various fubjects from the Old and New
Teftament; the Nativity, and a Dead Chnft, on each fide
of the altar, are by Belluchi ; and, at the weft end of the
chapel, is a gallery, which was erected tor the ufe of the
Duke and his family. There islikewife an elegant cham-
ber, containing monuments of the Bryd^es family. Pafiitig
through an antichamber, which communicates im/nedi;>u i y
C c 3
with the church, it is approached by >i flight of fteps, and
immediately in view, at the entrance, appears the coftly
monument of " The Grand Duke" and his firft two wives.
WHITTON, a hamlet of the parifli of Twickenham,
adjoining to Hounflow Heath. Here Sir Godfrey Kneller,
the celebrated painter, built a handfome houfe, adorned
with extenfive plantations, which have been much enlarged
and improved by the prefent proprietor, Samuel Prime,
Efq , In this houfe Sir Godfrey afted as a Juftice of the
Peace; and here he died in 1717. The ftaircafe was
painted by Sir Godfrey himfelf, affifted by Laguerre. In
this hamlet alfo are the villas of Mrs. Campbell, Mr. Ayl-
mer, and George Goftling, Efq. respectively called, Whit-
ton Dean, Whitton Farm, and Whitfon Houfe. See the
WHITTON PLACE, the feat of the late Sir William
Chambers, Knight of the Swedifh Order of the Polar Star,
was built by Archibald third Duke of Argyle. The fpot
now occupied by the pleafure-grounds confifted partly of
corn-fields, and partly of land taken from Hounflow Heath.
To this nobleman, we are principally indebted for the in-
troduction of foreign trees and plants, that contribute fo ef-
fentially to the richnefs of colouring fo peculiar to our mo-
dern landscape ; and, in forming his plantations at Whit-
ton, he difplayed great elegance of taue, although the mo-
dern art of gardening was, at that time, in a ftate of in-
fancy. He planted a great number of cedars, firs, and
other evergreens, which now make a majeftic and venerable
appearance, and are tome of the fined: to be found in this
ountry. Many of the cedars are in Mr. Goftling's
grounds, as well as the tower built by the Duke, which
commands a profpec~t of great extent. The cedars were
planted in 1724. The girth of the largeft is 10 feet 6
inches. He likewife built a noble conservatory, in which
he formed one of the beft collections of exotics in England.
Thefe are no longer to be feen ; but of their number and
value, fome idea may be conceived, when it is conlidered
that this very conferratory was fufficiently large to be con-
verted into an elegant villa, now the property of Mr. Goft-
ling, After the death of the Duke, this place had many
w i c 295
proprietors. At laft, it came into the pofleflion of Mr.
Goflling's father, who converted the confervatory into a
villa for himfelf; and, having divided the pleafure-grounds
into two parts, fold the principal houfe, with the grounds
allotted to it, to Sir William Chambers.
In his improvements of this delightful fpot, Sir William
appears to have had in view the decorations of an Italian
villa. Temples, ftatues, ruins, and antique?, are inter-
fperfed. In one part appears the imitation of an ancient
Roman bath ; and, in another, a modern temple of JE.fc\i-
lapius, creeled in compliment to the Rev. Dr. Willis, to
whofe flcill, under the Divine Bleffing, we are indebted for
the happy reftoration of our beloved Sovereign, in 1789.
Over the door, is the following infcription:
.ESCVLAPIO SALV. AVG. RESTITVIT SACK.
WHITE PLACE, near Cookham, in Berks, the feat of
the Rev. Mr. Leycefter, is fituated on the fide of the
Thames, commanding the moft piclurefque views of wood-
land fcenery, along the oppofite fide of the river ; enriched
with the noble feats of Taploe and Hedfor. This houfe is
fingularly built of chalk, dug near the fpot ; not a fingle
brick having been ufed in the whole ftruclure, except in
the chimnies. It has been built more than fifteen years,
during which time the various changes of weather do not
appear to have affected it in any material degree.
WICKHAM, WEST, a parifli in Kent, between Croy-
don and Bromley, containing two villages : the one, at a
fmall dirtance after having parted Wickham Green from
Beckenham; and the other, about a mile farther to the
fouth. In the former is the feat of Richard Jones, Efq.
In the latter are the church, and the ancient manor-houfe,
called Weft Wickham Court, the property of John Far-
naby,.Efq. In this houfe lived the celebrated Gilbert
Weft, author of " Obfervations on the Refurrection of
Chrift." Here he devoted himfelf to learning and piety ;
and, " here," fays Dr. Johnfon, " he was very often vifited
by Lyttelton and Pitt, who, when they were weary of fac-
296 W I L
tion and debates, ufed, at Wickham, to find books and
quiet, a decent table, and literary converfation." There
is at Wickham a walk made by Pitt ; and, what is of more
importance, at Wickham Lyttelton received that convic-'
tion, that produced his " Diflertation on the Conversion
and Apoftlefhip of St. Paul." In a liimmer-honfe, Mr.
Weft placed the following infcription, in imitation of Au-
fonius " Ad Villam:"
Not wrapt in fmoky London's fulphuraus clouds,
A,nd not far diftant, ftands my rural cot ;
Neither obnoxious to intrud.ng crowds,
Nor for the good and friendly too remote.
And when too much repofe brings on the fplcen,
Or the gay city's idle plcafures cloy;
Swift as my changing wifh, I change the fcene,
And now the country, now the town enjoy.
WICKHAM, EAST, a village in Kent, ten miles from
London, to the left of the road to Dover. Here is the
handfome feat of J. Jones, Efq.
WII3BURY HILL, near Ware, celebrated by Mr. Scott,
for the profpect it commands, which, on a fine evening, he
obferves, is beautiful beyond defcription.
My roving fight
Purfues its pleating courfe o'er VVitlbuiy's mount,
With that fair crefcent crown'd of lofty elms,
Its own peculiar boaft. AMVTELI.I
WIDFORD, a village in Herts, near Hoddefdon. In
this parifti, on a hill to the weft of the river Lea, are two
burrows, fuppofed to have been thrown up by the Danes,
in memory of fome battle.
WILDERNESS, near Sevenoaks t the fmall feat and park
of John Jeffries Earl Camdcn.
WILLINGALE DOE and WILLINGALE SPAIN,
two-parifhes in Eflex, between Chclmsford and Fifield ; of
which it is remarkable, that they have each a church, al-
moft clofe together, in one Churchyard.
WILLOWS, THE, in the hamlet of Bedworth, in the
parilh of Windfor, the feat of Henry Townley Ward, Efq.
on the fide of the Thames, two miles from Windfor, in the
W I M 2 p 7
road to Maidenhead. It was built by Mr. Kimberley, by
whom it is let to Mr. Ward, who has the option to pur-
chafe it, at a given price, at any time within his term. The
houfe is fmall, and has but little ground attached to it; but
it has been very much improved by Mr. Ward. What
was formerly a moorim fwamp, or oner beds, now forms a
beautiful lawn. At a fmall diftance from this, is Bullock's
Hatch, another feat, the property of Mr.Ward, with a fmall
farm, which is connected with the pleafure-grounds be-
longing to The Willows, by a fubterraneous paffage un-
der the high road.
WILTON PARK, the elegant feat of Mrs. Dupre, near
Beaconsfield in Bucks. It is built of Portland ftone, in a
very beautiful fituation.
WIMBLEDON, a village in Surry, on a fine heath,
feven miles S. W. of London. The manor here, which
included that of Mortlake, belonged formerly to the fee of
Canterbury, and was exchanged by Abp. Cranmer, for other
lands, with Henry VIII. We find it afterward fucceflively,
by grant, fettlement, purchafe, or inheritance, the property
or relidence of Thomas Cromwell Earl of Eflex, Queen
Catharine Parr, Sir Chriftopher Hatton, Sir Thomas Cecil,
afterward Earl of Exetfer; of his father, the great Lord
Burleigh, when Sir William Cecil; Edward Cecil Vifcount
Wimbledon, Queen Henrietta Maria; General Lambert,
the famous parliamentary General ; Queen Henrietta
Maria, after the Reftoration ; George Digby Earl of Brif-
tol; the Duke of Leeds, Sir Theodore Janflen, Bart, and
Sarah Duchefs of Marlborough. Her Grace pulled down
the old manlion houfe (a magnificent ancient edifice, built
in 1588, by Sir Thomas Cecil) and rebuilt it on the old
fite, after a defign of the Earl of Pembroke s. She left it'to
her grandfon John Spencer, Efq. whofe fon, the late Earl
Spencer, formed here one of the fined parks in England.
It contains 1,200 acres, and is adorned with fine planta-
tions, beautiful declivities, and a fheet of water, containing
50 acres. The eminences in this park prefent many varied
and delightful points of view Harrow-on-the-Hill, High-
gate, the Metropolis (in which may be diftinguifhed his
Lordfhip's houfe in the Green Park), Norwood, and Ep-
fom Downs. No lefs than 19 churches may be counted in.
this profpeft, exclufive of thofe of London and Weftmin-
fter. The houfe was burnt down in 1785; but fome of
the offices, that were at a diftance from the houfe, ferve for
the occafional refidence of his Lordfhip.
On theeaft fide of Wimbledon Common, is a feat, lately
the property of M. de Calonne, Comptroller General of
the Finances of France, before the Revolution in 1789.
The plantations, which contain upward of 70 acres, join
Lord Spencer's; and M. de Calonne, when he purchafed
this place of Benjamin Bond Hopkins, Efq. laid the foun-
dation of a ball-room and two tea-rooms; but he fold the
eftate, in September, 1792, for 15,000!. to Earl Gower
Near the church, is the elegant villa of William Beau-
maris Rufli, Efq. which has likewife fine pleafu re-grounds,
commanding fome extenfive views. On the fouth fide of
the Common, is a neat villa, the refidence of the Countefs
Dowager of Briftol ; and, next to this, is Wimbledon
Lodge, a new and elegant houfe, built by Gerard De
Vifme, Efq. On the weft fide, are two good houfes, both
in the occupation of the Right Hon. Henry Dundas, arid
the pretty villa of Abraham Aguelar, Efq. In the lane
Jeading to Kingfton is Profpecl Place, the feat of James
Meyrick, Efq- adjoining to which is the handfome villa of
Samuel Caftell, Efq. Jioth thefe have beautiful pleafure-
grounds, commanding delightful views of Epfom Downs
and all the country adjacent. There are feveral other good
houfes on the Common ; particularly, thofe of John Home
Tooke, Efq and Counfellor Bray.
The diurch was rebuilt (the chancel excepted) in 1788,
and fitted up in the Grecian ftyle. The contributions of
the inhabitants, on this occafion, were fo liberal, that the
whole was completed, without the rieceflity of recurring to
Parliament, or to a brief; aod it ought to be recorded, to
his honour, that Mr. Levi, the Jew, then of Profpecl Place,
was one of the moft confiderable fubfcribers. At one cor-
ner of the churchyard, is a fepulchre of brick and ftone, for
the family of Benjamin Bond Hopkins, Efq. The entrance,
which is on the outfide of the churchyard, is by a flight of
ileps into a funk area, fenced in by iron rails. We then
enter an apartment, illuminated by the door, and a fmall
window on each fide, which are all grated ; and oppofite
the door are four rows of horizontal niches, above each
other, being 16 niches in the whole. Five of thefe are filled
with each a relation of Mr. Hopkins'; and the entrance, of
courfe, is clofed up with marble, on which is fnfcribed the
name, &c. In the churchyard is the tomb of John Hop-
kins, Efq. celebrated by Pope as Vulture Hopkins : he died
in 1732. See Page 192, Note.
At the S. W. angle of Wimbledon Common, is a circu-
lar encampment with a fingle ditch, including a furface of
feven acres ; the trench very deep and perfect. Camden is
of opinion, that this was the fite of a battle, in 568, between
Ceaulin, King of the Weft Saxons, and Ethelbert, King of
Kent, in which the latter was defeated. On the fame
common, near the village, is a well, the water of which is
never known to freeze.
At Wimbledon are the copper-mines of Men*". HenckelJ,
Mr. Coleman's calico-printing manufactory, and Meffrs.
Wall's manufactory of japan ware.
WINDSOR, NEW, a borough and market-town, in
Berks, 22 miles from London, fituate on the Thames. In
the grant of it to the monks of Weftminfter, by Edward
the Confeffor, it is called Windlefhora, which fignifies a
winding fhore; and hence the derivation of its prefent
name. The Abbot of Weftminfter exchanged it with Wil-
liam I, for other lands. Edward I, in 1276, made it a free
borough, and refided here. Windfor foon became a place
of great refort. The corporation confifts of a Mayor and
30 Brethren, 13 of whom are ftyled Benchers,- and 10 of
thefe Benchers have the title of Aldermen, out of whom the
Mayor is annually chofen. The town is well paved and
lighted, an act of parliament, for thatpurpofe, having been
obtained in 1 769. The Guildhall is a brick ftructure, with
arcades of Portland ftone, erected in 1686. In a niche, is
the ffatue of Queen Anne, with an adulatory Latin infcrip-
tton, in which the fculptor is told, that " a refemblance of
Anna is not to be given by his art; and that if he would
^exhibit her likenefs, he muft attempt a gocUefs" In ano-
ther niche, is a flattie of her confort, Prince George of
Denmark, with a Latin inscription, in which he is ftyled
" A hero,
3OO WINDSOR CASTLE.
*' a hero, whom future ages muft revere." The parilh
church is a large ancient tfruclure.
WINDSOR CASTLE, the moft delightful palace of
our Sovereigns, was built by William the Conqueror, on
account of its pleafant fituation, and as a place of fecurity.
It was enlarged by Henry I. Our fucceeding monarchs
refided in the fame caflle, till Edward III, who was born in
it, caufed the ancient building to be taken down (except
the three towers at the weft end of the lower ward) creeled
the prefetit ftately caftle. and St. George's chapel ; inclofed
the whole with a rampart of ftone; and inftituted the order
of the Garter. The rebuilding of the caftle was princi-
pally under the direction of William of Wykeham, after-
ward Bp. of Winchefter. Great additions were made to it
by-Edward IV, Henry VII, Henry VIII, Elizabeth, and
Charles II. The laft entirely changed the face of the up-
per court ; enlarged the windows, and made them regular;
richly furniflied the royal apartments ; decorated them
with paintings; and erected a magazine of arms. He
likewife enlarged the terrace walk, made by Queen Eliza-
J beth on the north fide of the caftle, and carried another
terrace round the eaft and fouth fides of the upper courts.
His prefent Majefty alfo has made many fine improve-
This caftle is divided into two courts or wards, with a
large round tower between them, called the middle ward ;
the whole cotaining about twelve acres of land ; and it has
many towers and batteries. It is fituated upon a high hill,
which rifes by a gentle afcent. On the declivity of this hill
is the fine terrace, faced with a rampart of free ftone, 1 870
feet in length. It is one of the nobleft walks in Europe,
with refpecl to ftrength and grandeur, and the extenfive
profpecl of the Thames and the adjacent country, enriched
with a variety of beautiful villas.
From the terrace we enter the Little Park, (See Wlndfw
Little Park.) adjoining which, and oppofite the fouth- eaft
fide of the Caftle, are two neat modern-built manfions; the
one named " The Queen's Lodge," which is the royal refi-
denee; the other called " The Lower Lodge," for the ac-
commodation of the younger branches of the roval family.
WINDSOR CASTLE. 30 I
Both thefe buildings are of brick faced with ftucco, with an
embattled coping. The garden is elegant.
But to return to the Cattle. The upper court is a fpa-
cious quadrangle, containing, on the north ride, the r^yil
apartments, and St. George's chape! and hail : on the Couth
and eaft fides, are the royal apartments, thofe of the Prince
oi Wales, and the great officers of ftate: and, in the centre
of the area, is the ftatue of Charles IF, with an infcription,
celebrating as the l"ft of Kings, the tyrant in whoCc u-i^n a
RinTel ami a Sidney differed !
The Rwnd Tciucr, which forms the weft fide of this up-
per court, contains the Governor's apartments. It is built
on the highcft part of the mount, nnd there is an afctnt
to it by a Might of ftone fteps. This mount is neatly lai.i
out in (loping wr.lks round the hill, covered with verdure,
and plan cd with fhrubs. The apartments command an
extenfive view to London, and into the counties of Mi<!-
dlefex, F.lIVx, Herts, Bucks, Berks, Oxfordfiiire, \Viit%
Hants, Siirry, Suflex, Kent, and Bedfordshire. In (he
guard-chamber is fhevvn the coats of mail of King foh:i
of France and David King of Scotland, both prifonerb here
at the fame time; and here is the room iu which Marflul
de Belleifle refided, when a priibner, in 1744.
The lower court is larger than the other, and is, in n
manner, divided into two parts, by St. George's Chnpt I,
which f hinds in the centre. On the norrh, or inner (u!>>,
are the houfes and apartments of the Dean and Canons
of St. George's Chapel, with thofe of the Minor Canon*,
Clerks, and other officers; and, on the fouth and we^t fidts
of the outer part, are the houfcs of the Poor Knights of
Windfor. In this court are a!fo feverai towers belon^in^