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F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

. (page 29 of 30)
Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 29 of 30)
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t'/ tii - officers of the Crown, when th^ Court i$ at vViiul-
fiv, and to the officers of the order of the Garter.

The royal apartments are on the nor:',i (ide of the uprw'r
court, and are termed the Star Building, from a ft.ir a: d
garter in the middle of the (Iruclure, en the ou'liJe i cxt
the t.-rrr.ce.

The entrance into the apartm*nts is fhro<u;h '. v^ir
fupporttd by Ionic columns, wit!* foruc antique buTtus in
niches, to tin- <jir;!t <biir<"ifi-, firtely pnitttrd by Thoiiihiil
with iubjti ; V> from Ovid. In the dome, Phaeton :* r -
D d



^02 . WINDSOR CASTLE.

frnted definng Apollo to grant him leave to drive the chr ; -
riot of the Am. In large compartments, on the flaircafr.
are the transformation of Phaeton's fitters into poplars, and
of Cycnus into a f\van. In feveral parts of the veiling nt\^
the figns of the zodiac fupported by the winds, with br.f-
kets of flowers beautifully difpofcd: at the corners are rh
four elements, each expreflld by a variety of figures. Au-
rora is reprefented with her r.vmphs in waiting, giving W,A-
tcr to her horfes. In feveraJ parts of the fhuraife are the
figures of Mufic, Painting, and other fciences. The whole
is beautifully difpofed, and heightened with gold ; and from
this fhurcafe is a view of the backfhii% painted with the
ilory of Meleager and Atalanta. \Ve proceed through the
apartments in the following order :

The Queen's Guard Chamber, furnifhed with gun*;, piftols,
&c. beautifully difpofed in various forms. On the ceiling
is Britannia in the perfon of Cat! a ine, confort to Charles
II, feated on a globe, bearing the arms of England and
Portugal^ with Europe, Afia, Africa, and America, at-
tended by deities, making their refpeclive offerings. On
the outer part of this group are the figns of the zodiac ;
and, in different parts of the ceiling, are Minerva, Mars,
Venus, &c. Over the chimney is a portrait of Prince
George of Denmark, on horfeback, by Dahl ; with a view
of (hipping, by V<indervelde.

The ueeus Prtfi::ee Chamber. Here Queen Catharine is
repreftrued attended by Religion, Prudence, Fortitude,
and other virtues: fhe is under a curtain fpread by Time,
and fupported by Zephyrs, while Fame founds the happi-
nefs of Britain : below, Juftice is driving away Envy, Se-
diiion^ &:c. The room is hung with tapeftry, reprefent-
jng the beheading of St. Paul, and the perfecution of ."fee
primitive Chriftians; and it is adorned with the pictures of
Edward III and the Black Prince, both byBelcamp; and of
James I, by Yandyck. In this room alfo are three of the
cartoons of Raphael.

c< Give rv.c, fair Fancy, to pervade
C.i. ; nih:ri in pichir'd pomp array'J !
Peopling \vlioleftatcly walls I view
The godlike lorms that RaiEielle drew j

I feem



'WINDSOR CASTLE. 303

I fcehi to fee his rr..ig!c hand
Witli the won^'rous pc icil-wand,
Whofc touchss animauon give,
And bid th' infenfttqf canvafj live;
G!o\ving with many a :ieed divihe
Atchiev'd in h >iy pjleftine,
The t'afiions fee! irs potent charrn,
And round the mighty matter fwaina."

Thefirft of thefe celebrated cartoons is the Sacrifice to
Paul and Eavnalws, at Lyflra; the fecond, the Miraculous
Draught of Ffthes; the thrrcl, the Healing ot the Cripple
at the Beautiful Gate of the Tempb.

The Stem's Auditnce Cbsmbe >: ' The ceiling is painted
with Britannia in the perfon of Queen Catharine, in z car
drawn by fwans to the temple of Virtue, attended by Flora,
Ceres, &c. The canopy is of fine Englifh velvet, fet up ty
Queen Anne ; and the tapeftrv was made at Coblentz, and
prefented to Henry VIII. The pictures arc, V> ''ilium and
Frederic Henry, Princes of Orange, Honthorfl ; and the
Queen of fames I, Vanfomer.

The Ball R.-.sm. On the ceiling Charles II is reprefenteci-
giving free-Jem to Fxrcpe, bv the figures ot Perfeus and Au
dromeda: o-:; the Oiieid of" Prrft us is ir.fci-ibca Pafius Brl-
tawrcas, and o- Andi\):ncc!n is w/itten EH-

ro?a L.ibrrala ! . "..-Jed bv the celeftkl deities, offers

the o!i\e b'">nrh. The nipeury, which v/as made at Bruf-*.
fels, and fet up i>y Ch.-.rks II, reurcfcnts the twelve months
of the; ear; andtheioom is adorned with the following
pictures : Wiliiam Ear! of Pembroke, Vattfomer; St.
John, after Conegio; CounteG of Dorfet, after Vandyck;
J)uchefs of Richmond, V^ndvckj a Madonna ; and the
Durhelsof HamiHon, Flsnncman.

The Sjtfen's Dra-i'.'ing fccm. On the ceiling is painted
the Aflembly of the gods and goddefivs. The room is
hung with tapertry, repivfenting the feaibns of the year:
and adorned with the pictures of Judith and Holofernes,
Guido; a Magdalen, Lely; Henrietta- Duchefs of Orleans,
in the character of Minerva; Lady Digby, wife of Sir
Kenelm Digby, Vandyck; De Bray and his family, by him-
feJf; Killegrew and Carevv, Vandyck. In this room is a
beautiful clock by Vulliamy: the cafe, and figures of Time
dipping Cupid's wings, are in an elegant tafte.

D d 2 be



304 WINDSOR CASTLE.

71je Queen's SeJ Chamber. The bed of ftate in this room
vas put up by the Queen : the intide, counterpane, and cur-
t.uns, are of white f;;tin, embroidered with flowers, in the
niofl exquifite taite, by Mrs. Wright and her alliftants.
]t is faid to have coft 14,000!. The ceiling is painted with
the ilory of Diana and hndymion ; and the room is adorned
v.'i;! the picture of her Majefty at full length, with all her
children in miniature, Weft; fix landicapes, Zucarelli; and
two I- lower- Pieces.

The Re-cm of Beauties, fo named from the original portraits
of fourteen of the moft celebrated beauties in the reign of
-Charles II ; viz. Mrs. Knot and Mrs. Lawfon, Willing;
1-i.dy Su rule: land, Lady Rochefter, Lady Denham and her
idler, and Mr;. Miudleton, Leiy ; Lady B\ ron, Houfeman;
Duchffaof Richmond, Ccuntefs of Northumberland, Lady
(itammont, Duchefs of Cleveland, and Duchefs of Somer-
fer, Lely; and Lady OfTory, Willing; with thirteen por-
trairs o 4 . ladies, after Vandyck, by RulTcl.

Tic Q.fm's D<cjting Ran. Here is Anne, Queen to
J^mes I j and, in a clofet. is the bsr.ntr of France, annually
delivered en ihc ftrond of Auguft b/ t!ie Duke of Maiibo-
rough; the tenure by which hs hoUii iilenheiin Koufe.

%ucen EHzxhtfrs, or the Picture Gallery, is adorned with
the tollowiiig paintings : James 1, Vanfomer; the Holy
Ffair.ily, after Raphael ; Charles V, after Titian ; the Of-
fering" of the Wife Men, Paul Vcionefe; the Mifers,
Qj'uitin Matf\s; Ferieus and Andromeda, Schiavonc;
Titian and a benator of Venice, by Titian ; Henry Viil,
Hoibein ; the Burtie of Spurs; two Italian Markets, Bom-
boccio; a Converfation, Teniers ; Sir John Lawfon, sir
Chriftopher Minnes, Earl of Sandwich,- Sir Thomas Allen,
Sir William Penn, Sir George Ayfcough, Sir Thomas Tid-
dyinan, Anne Duchefs of York, Prince Rupert, Sir Jere-
miah Smith, Sir jofeph Jordan, Sir William Berkeley,
Duke of Albemarle, and Sir John Harman, Lely; a
Boy with Puppies, Murillo; our Saviour and St. John,
Vandyck; Expedition of Henry VIII, to Boulogne ; St.
Jofeph, Fetti; a Man's Head, Carlo Cignani; a Boy
paring Fruit, Michael Angelo; Men playing at Bowls,
Teniers; Afcenfion ef the Virgin, BalTan ; Boors drink-
ing, Teniers ; St. Charles de orromeo, Fetti; Augel.

and



WINDSOR CASTLE. 305

and Shepherds, N. Poiifiin; Interview between Henry VIII
and Francis I ; our Saviour in the Garden, N. Pouffin ;
Emmanuel Phillibert Duke of Savoy, More; Angel and St.
Peter, Steenwyck ; Indian Market, Poft ; Marquis del
Guafto and Family, after Titian ; and Rinaldo and Armida,
Romanelli.

$>necn Caroline's China Ciofet, filled with a great variety
of curious china, elegantly difpofed ; and the whole room
finely gilt and ornamented: the pictures are, Prince Arthurj
and his two Sifters, Children of Henry VI F, Mabufe; a
Woman with a Kitten ; and a Woman Iqueezing Blood out
of a Sponge. In this dofet.is alfo a fine amber cabinet, pre-
fented to Queen Anne by Dr. Robinfon, Bp. of London.

The Kings Cl/ct : the ceiling is painted with the ftory
of Jupiter and Leda. The pictures are, Anne Duchefeof
York, the Princefs Mary, and Mary Duchefs of York,
Lely; a Man's Head, Rsphad ; St. Catharine, Guido; a
Woman's Head, Parmegiano ; two Landfcapes, Brueghel ;
a Landfcape, Teniers; Thomas third Duke of Norfolk^
Holbein; Holy Family, Vartudcn; Luther, Holbein; ^Eraf-
rt)us, Pens; Queen Henrietta,- Vandyck ; the Creation,
Brueghel.

The King's DreJJing Room. On the ceiling is the ftory of
Jupiter and Danae. The pictures are Prince George of
Denmark, Knelier; a Magdalen, Dolci; two Views of
Windfor . Caftle, Wofterman ; a Man's Head, Da Vinci ^
a Landfcape, Wouvtrmans ; Nero depofiting the aflies of
Eritannicus, Le Sueur ; Countefs of Defmond, who-livcd
150 years, wanting a few days, Rembrandt ; a Farrier's
Shop, Wouvermans ; a Youth's Head, Holbem ; Charles
II, Ruflel ; Herodias* Danghter, Dolci ; an Old Man's
Head, Holbein ; James Duke of York, Ruflel; Queen of
Charles II, Lely.

The Kmg\ Beet Chamber is hung with tapefby, reprefent-
ing the ftory of Hero and Leander : the ftate-bed is of rich
flowered velvet, made in Spitalfields, by order of Queen
Anne ; and, on the ceiling, Charles II is reprefented in the
robes of the Garter, under a canopy fupported by Time,
Jupiter, and Neptune, with a wreath of laurel over his head;
and attended by Europe, Afia, Africa, aud America.- The
JD d 3. . paintings



306 WINDSOR CASTLE.

paintings are. Charles II, when a boy, in armour, Van-
dvck; and Henry Duke of Glouceftcr.

The King's Drawing Room. The ceiling is painted with
fhjii its 11, riding in a triumphal car, drawn by the horfcs
of the Sun, attended by Fame, Peace, and the polite arts;
Hercules driving away Rebellion, Sedition, and Jgnorance;
Uritannia and Neptune paying obtdicnce to the Monarch
as he pafies. In the other parts of the ceiling are painted
^he Labours of Hercules. The pictures are, a converted
Chinefe, Kneller ; a Magdalen, Young Palma ; the Roman
Charity ; St. John ; St. Stephen ftontd ; St. Peter, St.James,
and St. John, Mich. Angelo Caravagc ; Cupid and Pfyrhe,
Dahl i Endymion and Diana, Genario; Harveft, BaiFan;
wir Saviour before Pilate, Schiavone ; Martha and Mary,
from Baflan; a Shepherd and Shepherdcfs, Genario; Da-
me, Ditto; and Venus turned Painter, a Copy.

Tie King's Public Dining Room. The ceiling reprefents
the Banquet of the Gods. The pictures are, Hercules and
Omphale, Cephalus and Procris, the Birth of Venus, and
Venusand AdoniSjGenario; aNavalTriumphofCharlesIL,
Yerrio ; the Marriage of St. Catharine, Danckers; Njmphs
and Satyrs, by Rubens and Snyders; Hunting the Wild
Boar, Snyders; Still Life, Kalf ; the Taking of Bears, Baf-
fan ; a Bohemian Family, by Purdinoni; Divine Love,
Baglioni; Lacy, a Comedian, in three Characters, Wright;
a bea Piece ; Diana ; a Family Singing by candle-light,
Honthorft; a Japan Peacock; 'the Cocoa Tree; Archi-
tecture and Figures. The beautiful carving of this cham-
ber is by Gibbons.

'Ibf king's Audience Chamber. On the ceiling is repre-
fcnted the re-eftabliihment of the Church of England at the
Rcftoration, in the characters of England, Scotland, and
Ireland, attended by Faith, Hope, Charity, and the cardi-
nal virtues; Religion triumphing over Superftition and Hy-
pcci ify, who are driven by Cupids from before the church.
This room is decorated by the mafterly hand of Weft. The
picture, over the door, is the Surrender of Calais. The
companion to this is the Entertainment given by Edward
to his Prifoneis, in which the brave Eufrace de Ribaumont,
who engaged the King, unknown, in fingle combat, during
tne iiece of Calais, is introduced. The King makes him-

fclf



WINDSOR CASTLE. 307

felf known, and is in the aft of nobly rewarding the valour
of his enemy with a crown of pearls, and, at the fame in-
ilant, granting him his liberty.

Under this pi&ure is the third, reprefenting the Paflage
of the Somme, near Abbeville, in which Edward is oppofed
by Godemar de Faye, General of King Philip.

The fourth is the Interview between the King and his
victorious fon, the Black Prince, after the battle of Crecy.
The monarch is tenderly embracing his fon, who looks with
attention on the (lain King of Bohemia, lying at his feet.
The conduct of this monarch (who was almoft blind with
age) and of his noble attendants, was truly heroic. They
agreed, to prevent being feparated, to tie their horff s' bri-
dles together, and to conquer or die; and, in this fituation,
the attendants were found, the next morning, near the body
of their brave old King.

The fifth is the victory of Poitiers, in which the Black
Prince is reprefented receiving as captives the French King
John, and his youngeft fon Philip.

The fixth is the firft Installation of the Garter, in St.
George's Chapel. The Bps. of Winrhefter and Salifbury
are performing the fervice, and the King, Queen, and
Knights, kneeling round the altar. In the gallery appear
the King's children, the captive King of Scotland, the Bp.
of St. Andrews, French prifoners, and fpeftators. In the
fore ground are two of the Poor Knights of Windfor,
kneeling; behind them two Foreign Ambafladors; and,
behind thefe, is the portrait of Mr. Weft, himfelf, &c.

The feventh, over the other door, is the Battle of Nevil's
Crofs, near Durham, where Queen Philippa, in the abfence
of the King, takes the command of the ai my, and defeats,
and makes prifoner, David King of Scotland.

Over the chimney is the Hiftory of St. George.

The ingenious poet, already quoted, after a fine eulogy
of Raphael, and a beautiful compliment to his Majefty, and
to the late Sir JoChua Reynolds, introduces the panegyric
of Mr. Weft, and of thefe paintings :

Artift fupreme ! by nature taught

TD clo'.hc with life each glowing thought,

Too footi. the Dcftin >!> cunfpire

To quench thy pencil's glorious fire >

To*



308



WINDSOR CASTLE.

Too form the fou! that w<rm'd thy clay
Afyir'd to realms or a.ilcis day,
On wings of c-cftaiy toj.'in
Sages and faints, a band divine,
\Vh.ife awful i'..rnii> (ere death withdrew
Ti:c vti! that d*ik- ns mortal v.ew)
Hcav't. bade thy peietra'ivi- eye
Amid her dazzii,.g cou>t, delay ;
Thence bade thee trace the tauitlefs line r
Tli' expveflive grace,, the (.hafte defign,
The mkn that Jove and awe ii>ii"[n;-es,
And wak'-i Devotion** pureft rires.
Thy rnecn'ry ftill, to genius clear,
Biitait.'s cnli, ht^n'd fjns reve;ej
And grateful hai th^ monarch's name,
Vi'h f.' lib'nl c^ie thy Jahours cl^im :
To heights Jmpciv'ious heretofore
\Vho trills in)jn.-.rr.il Sc.ence foar j
Far feen in venerable pride,
Who(c ic^ra: K ;ir, ntpkndujg wide
Its portals, at his high beheir,
Hails ev'ry Art an hocoui'a gaefl - T
Beneath whofe mild, aufpicious rciga
The Gt:i'us of old Gn-ece again,
AWakcn'd from his deep re;ofe,
In Reynolds' living canvafe glows,
Whsve grace and eneigy divine
Wi h be uty f. u!y b!e..t combine ;
And b:aids his d ;. h.cfs bays around
The Br'uifh Raffie.le's brows renowa'd.
Lo ! b* 1 lit d.iring hnd portray 'd,
The fanguinaty fcene difplay'd, .
Where martial peers, in glitt'ring mail.
Unfold their pennons to the gale 5
O'er Normandy's difmantled plains
Where iron-clad Contention reigns j
And Hayock wait:, (his tiefles wt
With gorr) thy no.i, Plantagenet?
Waffd from Albion's I fie afar,
Wh- re wake her fons the ftorm of war J
V/h:re ; raviflt'd from the parent-ftcrri,
To Rratc the vidtor's diadent-,
Thy lilies, France, no more affume
The fplcndour of their wonted bloom,
No moie with peerlefs luftre glow,
But foil wkh blood their native fnow.

This is, unrueftionably, fine poetry and exqui/tte paint-
in"-; but the philoibph.tr caa derive no pleafure from the

contemplation.



WINDSOR CASTLE. 309

contemplation of victories, obtained by enforcing the moft
unjuft and impolitic pretenfions; which perpetuated, tor
ages, the moft fataJ antipathy between two neighbouring
nations; and which, had their object been attained, might
have rendered this iflanci a province of France. The loft
of Calais, in the reign of Queen Mary, was a far happier
event than the glorious, but mifchievous victories of Crecy,
Poitiers, and Agir.court.

Tbi King's Prcfence Chamber is hung with tapeftry, con-
taining the Hiftory of Queen Athaliah. On the ceiling,
Mercury is reprefented with an originnl portrait of Charles
II, which he (hews to the four quarters of the world, intro-
duced by Neptune; F'ame declaring the glory of that Prince,
and Time driving away Rebellion, Sedition, &c. Over the
canopy is Juftice, (hewing the arms of Britain to Thames
and the river nymphs. At the lower end is Venus in a
marine car, drawn by tritons and fea- nymphs. The paint-
ings are, Duns Scotus, Spagnolet ; Peter I, of Ruflia, Knel-
ler ; Prometheus, Young Palma ; and the other four Car-
toons of Raphael. The firft is the Death of Ananias; the
fecond, St. Paul preaching to the Athenians; the third,
Chrift delivering the JCeys to Peter; the fourth, Eh/mas,
the Sorcerer, ftrnck with Blindnefs.

Thefe ineftimable cartoons had remained m Flanders,
from the time that Pope Leo X fent them thither to be co-
pied in tapcftry ; the money for the tapeftry having never
been paid. They were purchafed by Charles I, at the re-
commendation of Rubens. At the fale of the royal pic-
tures, in 165 4, they were purdialed, for 300!. by Cromwell,
againft whom no one would bid. He pawned them to the
Dutch court for upward of 50,000!; and, after tke revo-
lution, King William brought them again to. England, and
built a gallery for their reception in Hampton Court.

The King's Guard Chamber^ a noble room, in which are
thoufaiuls of pike*, piftols, guns, bayonets, &c. dilpofed in
colonnades, pillars, and other devices, by Mr, Harris, then
mafter-gunner of this cattle; the perfon who invented this
beautiful arrangement of arms, and placed thole in the ar-
mory in the Tower of London. The ceiling is finely
painted in water colours: in one circle is Mars and Mi-
nerva, and ia the other Peace and Plenty. Jn the dome is



310 WINDSOR CASTLE.

alfo a reprefentation of Mars. . The pictures are, Charles
XI of Sweden, on horfeback, Wyck ; and eight paintings
of battles and fieges, Rugendas. At an inilallanon, the
Knights of the Garter dine here in great Irate, in the ab-
fenre of the Sbverrign.

St. George's Hall is let apart to the honour of the Order
of the Garter, and is one of the noblelt rooms in Europe.
In the ceiling, Charles II is reprefentcd in the habit of the
Order, attended by England, Scotland, and Ireland ; Reli-
gion and Plenty hold the crown over his nead ; Mars and
Mercury, with the emblems of war and peace, ftand on each
fide. Regal Government is upheld by Religion and .Eter-
nity, with Juftice attended by Fortitude, Temperance, and
Prudence, beating down Rebellion and Faction. Toward
the throne is reprefented, in an oftagon, St. George's rrofs
encircled with the Garter, within a glory fuppoi ted by Cu-
pids, with the motto, Honifiit qsi maly penfe; the Mufes at-
tending in full concert.

On the back of the throne, is a large drapery, on which
is painted St. George and the dragon, as large as the life;
anti on the Tower border of the drapery is infcribed fe-
niendo rcjiitult rem, in allufion to. William III, who is
painted in the habit of the Order, fitting under a royal-
canopy, by Kneller. To the throne is an afcent of five
marble ftcps, to which the painter has added five more,
done with fuch perfection as- to deceive the fight.

This noblt room is 108 feet long; and the whole nortH
fide is taken up with the triumph of Edward the Black
Prince, after the manner of the Romans. At the upper
part of the hall is Edward III, the founder of the Order,
fented on a throne, receiving the Kings of France and
Scotland prifoners; the Black Prince is fcated in the mid-
dle of the proceffion, crowned with laurel, and carried by
flaves, preceded by captives, and attended bv the emblems
of Victory. Liberty, and other infignia of the Romans, with
the banners of France and Scotland difplaytd. The pain-
ter has indulged his fancy, by c.lofing.the proceffion with
th2 fiction of the Coumd's of Salifbury, in tlv perfon of a
fine lady making garlands for the Prince, and the repre-
fentation of the Merry Wives of Wiudfor. In this laft,

to



WINDSOR CASTLE. 311

he has humorouuy introduced himfeif in a black hood and
fcarlet cloak.

At the lower end of the hall is a noble mufic-gallery,
fupported by flaves larger than the life, iu proper atti-
tudes, faid to reprefent a father and his three ions, taken
prifoners by the Black Prince. Over this gallery, on the
lower compartment of the ceiling, is the collar of the Or-
der of the Garter fully difplayed. The painting of this
room was by Verrio.

St. George's, or the King's Chapel. On the ceiling is re-
prcfented the Afcenfion ; and the altarpiece is adorned
\vithapaintingoftheLaftSupper. On the north (ide of
the chapel is the reprefentation of the Refurreclion of La-
/arus, and other miracles, by Verrio ; and, in a group of
fpec"lators, the painter has introduced his own effigy, with
tlnofe of Sir Godfrey Kneller, and Mr. Cooper, who af-
fifted him in thefe paintings. Theeaft end of the chapel is
taken up with the clofets belonging to his Majeity and the
Royal Family. The carved work is done by Gibbons, in
lime-tree.

From this chapel we are. conducted to the Queen's Guard
Chamber, the firft room we entered; for this is the laft of
the itate apartments at prefent fhewn to the public, the
others being only opened when the court refides at Wind-
for. They confift of many beautiful chambers, adorned
with paintings by the greateft matters.

In palling hence, we look into the inner or horn court,
fo called from a pair of flag's horns of a very extraordinary
fize, taken in the foreft, and fet up in that court, which is
painted in bronze and ftone colour. On one (ide is i\ pre-
fented a Roman battle, and on the oppofite fide a feu-fight,
with the images of Jupiter, Neptune, Mercury, and Pallas;
and in the gallery is a reprefentation of David playing be-
fore the ark.

From tiiis court a flight of ftone fteps leads to the King's
Guard Chamber ; and, in the cavity under thefe fteps, and
fronting this court, is a figure of Hercules alfo in a ftone
colour. On a dome over the fteps is painted the Battle of
the Gods; and, on the fides of the ftaircafe, is a reprefen-
tation of the Four Ages of the World, and two Battles of
the Greeks and Romans in frefco.

St.



^12 WINDSOR CASTLE.

Sf. George's Chapel, or the Collegiate Church, already men-
tioned as fituate in the middle of the lower court of the
CafHe, miift not be confounded with St. George's^ or the
King's Chapel, in the Caftle. It is a beautiful ftruciure, in
the pureft ftyle of Gothic architecture, and was flrfl erecl-
ed, by Edward III, in 1377, for the honour of the Order
of the ( Jartcr. But however noble the firft defign, Ed-
ward IV not finding it entirely completed, defigned and
undertook the prefent ftruclure. The work was carried
on by Henry VII, whofinifhed the body of the chapel ; and
Sir Reginald Bray, K. G. afiifted in oramenting the chapel
and completing the roof. The architecture of the infide
has ever been efteemed for its great beauty ; and, in parti-
cular, the ftone roof is reckoned an excellent piece of
workmanfhip. It is an ellipfis fupported by Gothic pillars,
whofe ribs and groins fuftain the whole roof, every part of
which has fome different device well finifhed, as the arms of
feveral of our kings, great families, &c. On each fide
of the choir, are the ftalls of the Sovereign and Knights
of the Garter, with the helmet, mantling, creft, and fword
of each Knight, fct up over his ftali, on a canopy of an-
cient carving curioufly wrought. Over the canopy is af-
fixed the banner of each Knight blazoned on filk, and on
the back of the ftalls are the titles of the Knights, with
their arms neatly engraved and blazoned on copper. The
Sovereign's ftall, on the right hand of the entrance into the
choir, is diftinguifhed by rich ornaments. The Prince's
ftall is on the left, and has no diftincHon from thofe of the
reft of the Knights; the whole fociety, according to the
ftatutes of the inftitution, being companions, equal in ho-
nour and power.

In a vault under this choir are interred Henry VIII, his
Queen Jane Seymour, Charles I, and a daughter of Queen
Anne. In the S. aille, nenr the door of the choir, is buried
Henry VI ; and Edward I V is interred in the N. aiile.

L'r :ofrer (trains il'-fnteii H^nry mourn,



Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 29 of 30)