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F. H. (Frank Herbert) Hayward.

Ambulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. online

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Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 30 of 30)
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.' ni ;>ilms eteri'i flour (h rour-d his urn.
Here u'- r tr.e rtMiivv-king the marble u-eepf,
And, tafi be.ld-.- hiiji^oacefeai d Edward fleeps.
V.'o.i'K pot ih' cxtotded AlVion couM contain,
From eld Belerium to thv northern main,

The



WINDSOR CASTLE. 313

The grave unites; where ev'n the Great find reft,

And blended lie th' oppreflbr and th' oppreft. Pore.

In 1 789, the workmen employed in repairing the church,
difcovered the vault of King Edward. The body, inclofed
in a leaden and wooden coffin, meafuring fix feet three
inches in length, appeared reduced to a fkeleton. The
bottom of the coffin was covered with a muddy liquor,
about three inches deep, of a ftrong faline tafle. Near
this was a wooden coffin, fuppofed to have contained the
body of his Queen, who died three years after the King, in
confinement, at Bermondfey Abbey, and is fuppofed to
have been fecretly interred. On the fides of this vault
were infcribed, in characters refembiing thofe of the
times, " Edward IV," with fome names, probably thofe
of the workmen employed at the funeral. The tomb of
this king is fronted with touchftone : over it is a beautiful
monument of fteel, faid to have been the work of Quintin
Matfys.

There are feveral chapels in this church, in which are
the monuments of many illuftrious perforis; particularly,
of Edward Earl of Lincoln, a renowned naval warrior;
George Manners Lord Roos, and Anne, his confort, niece
of Edward IV ; Anne Duchefs of Exeter, mother of that
lady, and fiftcr to the King ; Sir Reginald Bray, before-
mentioned; and Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, who
married the fifter of King Henry Vlll.

This church was completely repaired and beautified, in
1790. The altar now confifts of the moft curious and de-
licate workmanfhip, in various carved devices, furrounding
Weft's pwture of the Laft Supper. Over this altar is a no-
ble painted window. The fubjeft is the Refurrcclion ;
and it is divided into three compartments. In the centre
is our Saviour afcending from the fepulchre, preceded by
the Angel, above whom, in the clouds, are Cherubims and
Seraphims, and among thefe rs a portrait of their Majefties'
fon, Oc"tavun. In the front ground are the Roman fol-
diers, thrown into various pofturcs with terror and aflo-
ni<hment. In the right-hand compartment are reprefented
Mary Magdalen, Mary the mother of James, and Salome,
approaching the fepulchre with unguents and fpices, in or-
Jtr to anoint the body of their Lord. In the left hand
EC divifion,



314 WINDSOR CASTLE.

divifion, are Peter and John, who are (uppofed j o nave
been informed by Mary Magdalen, that the body of Chrift
was milfing, and are running with the greateft anxiety,
aftonifhment, and fpeed, toward the fepulchre. This maf-
terly performance was defigned by Mr. Weft, in 1785, and
executed by Mr. Jarvis, affifted by Mr. Foreft, between that
period and 1788.

The organ, of Gothic exterior conftruction, built by
Green, is a noble production of genius. It is fuppofed to
be fuperior to any in the kingdom, particularly in the
iwell. The organ cafe was built by Mr. Emlyn. The
carved work to this erection is very curious andcoftly. The
afcent to the choir, from the weft door, is by a flight of
fteps, under an arcade of artificial ftone, extending the
whole width of the choir.

The improvements in the choir are general, and par-
ticularly the ftalls of the Knights of the Garter, which
have received great embellifhments ; the mpft conspicuous
of which is the King's ftall. It was erected, in 1788, un-
der the direction of Mr. Emlyn, and is carved in a neat
Gothic ftyle. In the centre are the arms of the Sovereign,
encircled with laurel, and crowned with the royal diadem ;
the whole fr.rrounded with flower-de-luces, and the^ftar of
the order, with G. R. III. properly difpofed. The curtains
and cufhions are of blue velvet fringed with gold. The old
banners of the Knights that have been inftalled are taken
down, and beautiful new filkones fubftituted, with helmets,
crefts, and fwords. Vacancies are left for the new-elected
Knights. No part of the church appears to have been neg-
lected. Tafte, as well as convenience, has been confulted ; a
great degree of airinefs pervades the whole, and the effect of
the ftooe-work, with the neatnefs of the finifliing, ftrikes
the fpectator with wonder. The tout enfemlle is one of the
mofc magnificent ever feen in a place of divine worfhip.

At the ealt end of St. George's Chapel, is a free-ftone
edifice, built by Henry VII, as a burialplace for himfelf
and his fucceflbrs ; but afterward altering his purpofe, he
began the more noble ftructure at Weftminfter; and this
remained neglected until Cardinal Wolfey obtained a grant
of it from Henry VIII, and, with a profufion of expence,
began here a fumptuous monument for himfelf, whence
this building obtained the name of Wolfey 's Tomb Houfe.

This



WINDSOR CASTLE. 315.

This monument was fo magnificently built, that it far ex-
ceeded that of Henry VII, in Weftminfter Abbey; and, at
the time of the Cardinal's difgrace, the tomb was fo far
executed, that Benedetto, a ftatuary of Florence, received
4250 ducats, for what he had already done; and 380!. iSs.
had been paid for gilding only half of this monument. The
Cardinal dying foon after his difgrace, was buried in the
cathedral at York, and the monument remained unfiniih-
ed. In 1646, the Itatues and figures of gilt copper, of ex-
quifite workmanfhip, were fold. James II converted this
building into a popifh chapel, and mafs was publicly per-
formed here. The ceiling was painted by Verrio, and
the walls were finely ornamented and painted; but the
whole having been neglected fince the reign of James II, is
now in a ftate of decay, and being no appendage to the col-
lege, waits the royal favour, to retrieve it from the difgrace
of its prefent appearance.

The royal foundations in this Caftle are, the mod noble
Order of the Garter, which confifts of the Sovereign and
25 Knights Companion ; -the Royal College of St. George,
confifting of a Dean, 12 Canons, fcven Minor Canons, 1 1
Clerks, an Organift, a Verger, and two Sacrifts; and the
Alms Knights, who are 18 in number, viz. 13 of the royal
foundation, and five of the foundation of Sir Peit :r le Mai re,
in the reign of James I. The Order of ihe Garter was in-
ftituted by Edward III, in 1349. It is alfo called the Or-
der of St. George, the patron of England, under whofe
banner the Englifti always went to war, and St. George's
Crofs was made the Enfign of the Order. The Garter was
at the fame time appointed to be worn by theXnights on
the left leg, as a principal mark of diftinclion; not from
any regard to a lady's garter, " but as a tve or band of a(Tb-
ciation in honour and military virtue, to bind the Knights
Companion, ftric~lly to himfelt, and to each other, in friend-
fliip and true agreement, and as an enfign or badge of unity
or combination, to promote the honour of God, and ths
glory and intereft of their Sovereign." At that time,
King Edward, being engaged in profecuting, by arms, his
right to the crown of France, caufed the French motto,
Honifo'-t qui malypenfe^ to be wrought in gold letters round
the garter; meaning to declare thereby the rrpity of his in-
E e i tuition,



WINDSOR PARKS.

lention, and, at the fame time, retorting fhame and defiance
upon him who fhould dare to think ill of they*/? enterprife
in which he had engaged.

WINDSOR LITTLE PARK, a fine inclofure, which
embraces the north and eaft fides of Windfor Caftle, and
is about four miles in circumference, declining gently from
the terrace to the Thames. It is a charming fpot, plea-
fantly wooded ; and there is a row of ancient trees, near
the Queen's Lodge, which is faid to have been planted by
order of Queen Elizabeth, and ftill retains her name.

Here alfo an old oak is faid to exift ftill, by the name of
Herne's Oak. The admirer of natural antiquity, who
would wifli to inveftigate the fubjec>, will find an ample
account of it in Mr. Gilpin's "Remarks on Foreft Scenery."
It is thus celebrated by Shakfpeare :

There is an old tale goes, that Herne, the hunter,

Someflmc a keeper here in Windfor Foreft,

Doih all the winter-time, at ftill midnight,

Walk round about an oak, with great ragg'd horns ;

And there he blafts the tiee, and takes the cattle,

And makes milch- kine yield blood, and (hakes a chairfj

la a rnoft hideous and dreadful manner.

Merry W;i/ ofVfindfor, A8 IV. Sc. 4.

Formerly, numerous herds of deer were kept in* this
park; but iluce the year 1785, it has been flocked with
fhcep and cattle of various denominations; yet there are
ftill {brae deer .remaining, and plenty of hares, which fre-
quently afford his Majefty the diverfion of courfing.

WINDSOR GREAT PARK, an extenfive park, ad-
joining to the fouth fide of the town of Windfor. A no-
ble road, near three miles in length, called the Long Walk,
and adorned, on each fide, with a double plantation of
ftately trees, lends to the fummit of a delightful hill, near
the Ranger's Lodge, whence there is a very luxuriant pro-
fpecl of the Caftle, Eton College, and the country beyond.
This park poflefles a circuit of 14 miles; and, fince the
death of the late Henry Frederick Duke of Cumberland,
his Majefty has taken it under his own immediate care, and
amufes liimfelf in giving it every advantage which the
united efforts of good hufbandry, and landfcape improve-
ment, can beftow. It confifts of near 4000 acres, beauti-
fully



WINDSOR FOREST.

fully diverfified in hill and dale; inanv parts of it nobly
planted with venerable bodies of wood, varied with wild
and romantic fcenery. While this extent of domain re-
mained in the hands of a Ranger, he employed it as a tem-
porary advantage, and never thonght of beftowing upon it
any permanent improvement: but his Majefty having
taken, that office upon himfelf, every rational experiment
which can add beauty, or produce advantage, is brought
forward; and perfons of the firft eminence and (kill are
employed in the execution of a magnificent plan of embel-
lifhment in the park; as well as to hold forth an example
of improved hufbandry to the imitation of the furrounding
country. The principal outlines of this plan embrace a
vaft compafs of draining, which is completed, without de-
formity, after the mode adopted in Effex; an extenfive
fcene of planting upon the high grounds and eminences,
where a grandeur of effect can be produced; a delicate
opening of the bottom parts, in order to throw the vales
into beautihii favannas ; a felection of the fine fylvan parts
into harbours for game; with fheep-walks for large flocks;
and the formation of two contrafted farms at the oppofite
ends of the park. The one, from the lightnefe of the foil,
is eftabliihed on the Norfolk fyftem of hufbandry, under a
rotation of fix-courfe cropping, with ail the advantages of
turnip ruhivation; and the other, which confifts of a loamy
foil, is carried on in due conformity to the agricultural
practice of Flanders, where the courfe of hufbandry almoft
invariably confifts of an alternate crop for man and bead ;
one of the moft productive difpofitions to which land can
be applied.

WINDSOR FOREST, a foreft, which, according to
Roque, forms a circuit of 56 miles, abounding with deer
and game; and it is a magnificent appendage to Wirvdfor
Caftle. It was originally formed and preferved for the ex-
ercifes of the chafe, by our r.ncienr fovereigns, and is ftill
employed in thofe recreations by his prefent Majefty. .This
extenfive ttact of land contains one market- town, and
many plcafant villages. The town, named Okingham, or
Wokin;;ham, is nine miles from Windfor. Among the
Tillages arc Eaft Hamftcd, the birthplace of Fen ton, the
poer, celebrated as a valuable coadjutor of Pope's, in nis
li c tranQation



318 w o B

translation of Homer. Near this, is a Roman camp, call-
ed Caefar's Camp. Eaft of this is Sunning Hill, noted for
its mineral waters. But the glory of Windfor Foreft is
Binfield, near Okingham, where Pope fpent his youthful
days, and where he compofed his Windfor ForeiT. On
one of the trees, in a wood, in this parifh, is cut this in-
fcription : . ,

HERE POPE SUNG.

Although much of the foil in Windfor Foreft is barren
and uncultivated, it is finely diverfified with hills, vales,
and woods, interfperfed with charming feats and elegant
villas; and it may be truly faid to poflfefs thofe fylvait
beauties which invited Pope to make it the fubjeft of his
youthful mufe. Sec St. Leonard's Hill, New Lodge, and
Sophia Farm.

WINDSOR, OLD, a village on the Thames, between
New Windfor and Egham, adorned with feveral handfome
villas; particularly, Lord Walfingham's, at the foot of
Prieft's Hill; The White Houfe, the property of William
Pitt, Efq. of Eton, and refidence of Rice James, Efq ; Pel-
ling Place, the feat of James Bonnell, Efq ; the elegant
houfe and grounds of Mrs. Hammerfley; Crawley Houfe,
the feat of Henry Ifherwood, Efq ;-,and Clay Hall, the neat
cottage of Mrs. Keppel, and refidence of Sir Henry W.
Dafhvvood, Bart. See Beaumont Lodge and Grove Houfe.

WO BURN FARM, the feat and beautifully ornamented
farm of the Hon. Mr. Petre, near Weybridge in Surry, is in.
the occupation of Lord Loughborough. It contains i 50
acres, of which 35 are adorned to the higheft degree; of the
reft, two thirds are in pafture, and the remainder in tillage.
The decorations are communicated, however, to every part;
for they are difpofed along the fides of a walk, which, with
its appendages, forms a broad belt round the grazing
grounds, and is continued, though on a more contracted
fcale, through the arable. This walk is properly a garden;
all within it is a farm. Thefe enchanting fcenes were form-
ed by the late Philip Southcote, Efq. and exhibit a beauti-
ful fpecimen of tfntfcrme ornee, of which he was .he intro-
ducer, or rather inventor ; and him, therefore, the Poeti-
cal Preceptor of Englifh Gardening thus apoftrophizes :

On



woo



3'9



On thee too, Sonthcote, {hall the Mufe beftovr

No vulgar praife ; for thou to humbleft things

Couldft give ennobling beauties : deckM by thee,

The fimple farm eclips'd the garden's pride,

Ev'n as the virgin blufh of innocence

The harlotry of art. MASON.

WOODCOTE, now only a fmgle farm-houfe, in the
parifh of Beddington, is fuppofed to have been a Roman ,
ftation, from many remains of antiquity found here. Cam-
den, and other antiquaries, contend, that it was the city of
Noviomagus, mentioned by Ptolemy ; which others main-
tain to have been in Kent.

WOODFORD, a village, eight miles from London, in
the road to Epping, has fome agreeable villas on each fide
of the road, which command fine profpecls over a beautiful
country. The moft worthy of notice are, Woodford Hall,
clofe to the church, the feat of John Goddard, Efq; Pro-
fpeet Houfe, the property of J. Proclor, Efq; and the
houfes of Job Mathew, and Robert Prefton, Efqrs. Higham
Hall, the elegant feat, late of Governor Hornby, but now
of John Harman, Efq. is fituated between Woodford Hall
and Profpeft Houfe, but is in the parifh of Walthamftow.
A mineral fpring, which rifes in the foreft, at a little dif-
tance from the Horfe and Groom, was formerly in great
repute, and much company reforted to drink the waters, at
a houfe of public entertainment called Woodford Wells;
but the waters have long loft their reputation ; and the
houfe, converted into a private one, is now the property
of Henry Eggers, Efq.

In the churchyard is an elegant monument to the me-
mory of fome of the family of Sir Edmundfbury Godfrey,
whofe murder excited fuch agitation in the reign of Charles
II, (See Primrofe Hill) and of whom it ought to be record-
ed, that in the great prague, in 1665, he endangered his
life, for the good of his fellow-citizens, by remaining in
London, and faithfully difcharging his duty as a magiftrate.
This monument was defigned by Sir Robert Taylor. It is
a Corinthian column : the fhaft, of coloured marble, was
brought from Italy : the bafe and capital arc of white mar-
ble ; and the whole coft 1500!. In the churchyard is a
yew-tree, fuppofed to be the fined in England. See Hearts.

WOODFORD.



320 W O R

> WOODFORD-BRIDGE, a village in the fame parifli,
nine miles from London, in the road to Chipping Ongar,
is fituated on an eminence, forming a pichucfque appear-
ance. i\ear the bridge, over the Roding, is a pump of ex-
cellent water, brought hither, in 1776, at a great expence,
by the proprietor of the eftatt, for the accommodation of
the poor inhabitants; and not'far from this is a manufac-
tory -of artifkiaj ftone. In this village is Ray Houfe, the
feat of Sir Jame? Wright, Hart, and a pretty villa, built by
Caefar Corfellis, Efq.

WOODLAND HOUSE, the viila of John Julius An.
gerftein, Efq. on the northfide of Bludkheath, toward
Charlton. It is faced with a beautiful fturco. The front,
which has a handfome portico, is enriched by a niche on
each fide, containing elegant ftatues, reprefenting thu yojng.
Apollo and the Dancing Fawn. Immediately over each
niche is a circular baflb-relievo, with a femicircular window
in the centre. The gardens communi<ate with a paddock,
and command the fame beautiful profpecl: as Wefteomb
Park, of Shooter's Hill and the Thames.

"WOOLWICH, a market-town in Kent, nine miles
from London, is fituated on the Thames, and is famous for
its fine docks and yards, (where men of war are built, and
the largeft have, at all times, fufficient deprh of water) as
alfo for its vaft magazines of guns, mortars, bombs, cannon-
balls, and other military ftores. In the lower part of the
town, is the Warren, were upward of 7000 pieces of ord-
nance have been laid up at one time. Here alfo is the
houfe where bombs, carcafles, and grenades are prepared.
In this town is a royal military academy, in which young
officers, called Cadets, are infti ucted in fortification. The
church was rebuilt in the reign of Queen Anne, as one of
the 50 new churches.

For fo me yea is part, two or three hulks have been moor-
ed otf this 'own, for the reception of convicts, to the num-
ber, ibm .-times, of 400. It is remarkable, that part of this
parifh is on the Eflex fide of the Thames (where there was
once a chapel, and where now {lands a houfe called " 1 he
Devil's Houfe,") and is included in Kent.

WORiViLEY BURY, the feat of Sir Abraham Hume,
Bart, hi the pariih of Wormlev, near Chefhunt.

WOTTON,



YOU 321

WOTTON, a village in Surry, to the S. W. of Darking.
Here is the feat of the family of Evelyn, ever fince the reign
of Elizabeth. It was the favourite retreat of that great phi-
Jofopher John Evelyn, Efq. till he went to Says Court, in
Deptford. It is now the feat of his great-great-grandfon a
Sir Frederick Evelyn, Bart.

WRAYSBURY, a village of Buckinghamshire, feated on
the Thames, oppofite Egham. In this parifh is Charter
Ifland, in which Magna Charta was figned. See Aii&wykt
Houfe and Runny Mead.

WROTHAM, a market-town in Kent, 24-*- miles from
London, has a large church, in which are 16 ftalls, fup-
pofed to have been made for the clergy, who attended the
Archbifhops of Canterbury, to whom the manor formerly
belonged, and who had a palace here, tiH Abp. Iflip, in the
fourteenth century, pulled it down, and built another at
Maidfione. Several pieces of antiquity have been dug up
here, particularly fome military weapons.

WROTHAM PARK, in the parifh. of Hadley, in Mid-
dlefex, the magnificent feat of George Byng, Efq. was built
by his great uncle, Admiral John Byng. The views from
the houfe and park are very fine. The eftate probably took
its name from the town of Wrotham, in Kent, where the
family had been fettled upward of 200 years, before John
Byng, Efq. father of George firft Vifcount Torrington, dif.
pofed of the family eftate in that place.



y.

YORKE HOUSE, the feat of Lieut. Col. Webber, at
Twickenham. It was for many years the property
and fummer refidence of Lord Chancellor Clarendon.

YOUNGSBURY, the feat, late of David Barclay, Efq.
and now of Robert Child, Efq. near Wade's Mill, to the
north of Ware.



ADDITIONS and CORRECTIONS.



ADDISCOMBE PLACE, line 2 and 3, for Lcr

read the Earl of Liverpool.

AMWELL. For F. Franco, Efq. read Captain Brwn.
BLCKENHAM, line 2, for Sir Peter Burrell, Barfaread Lord



BRAY. For Cannon Hall read Canncn Hill.

BRUCL CASTLE. For Thomas Smith, Efq. read Richard
Lee, t/j.

BYFLEFT. For Mole read JViy. Here is a fine feat, the
property of George Chamberlaine, Efq. and refidence of
Lady Young. Near Byfleet is Brooklands, the feat of
George Payne, Efq. See IValton.

CHtsHUNT. After village read in Hertford/bite. At Chef-
hunt is a college, for the education of young men for the
miniftry, in that denomination of Chi iftians, called Me-
thodifts.

CLAPHAM, line 16, for William read Samuel.

COBHAM. After rejidence read, It is now in the occupation
of Mr. Perry. Cobham abounds in fweet places. Mr.
Page, Lord of the Manor, has a good houfe on the banks
of the Mole; and near this ftands Hatchford Houfe, the
feat of Mr. Kerr. At Down Place, on the fame river,
are the houfe, and iron and ropper works, of Alexander
Raby, Efo. which afford employment for the poor of
this and the adjoining villages; particularly, for the wo-
men and children. This parifh was inclofed by aft of
parliament in i 795 ; which will greatly add to its beauty,
as it confifted chiefly of black heath, already rendered
fertile corn-fields and young plantations.
HAREFIELD, line 7. forycn, and the rejidence of Lady Char-
lotte Finch, read grant/Jen, and in the joint occupation of three
daughters of the late Earl cf Wincbtlfea, Lady EJJtx, Lady
Hatton, and Lady Augufta Finch.

HOLLAND HOUSE, p. 137, line 6, for devoted read JevcIveJ.
HORDON-ON-IHE-HILL, read Hirndon-on-the-Hill.

HOUNSLOW,



324 ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS.

HOUNSLOW, line 9, for in read on.

HUNSDON HOVISE, line 3, for hunfden read Hun/Jon.

HYDE HALL, line 2, for In^atejltm read Ingatejiwe.

INGRKSS PARK, for Sanfccmbe read Siuanfcombe.

IVER, lines 4 nnd 8, for Ckves read Chives.

KENSINGTON, line 3, for the Gravels read the Gravel Pitt.

KENTISH TOWN, line 4, for Satemans read Bateman.

LEE, line 9, for Fluyder read Fluetyer.

NATCHFOKD HOUSE, read Hatcbford Houfe.

OTFORD, page 203, line i, for See Page 19 read See Page 29.

PAINE'S HILL. At the end of the article add, The pre-
mifes, which confift of 98 acres and three roods, are fitu-
ated in the pariflies of Cobham, Walton, and Wifley.
They were vefted, by the laft will of Mr. Hopkins, in
truft, in George Chamberlaine, Efq. George Bond, Efq.
and Sir Samuel Hayes, Bart, by whom the whole, under
certain provifions, was to be fold. This eftate, how-
ever, confifting partly of freehold land, and partly of de-
tached parcels held by leafe under the crown, and the
boundaries of which could not be afcertained, the truf-
tees obtained an al of parliament in 1795, to enable
his Majefty to grant to them all the faid parcels of leafe-
hold ground in fee.

PUTNEY, page 213, line's, for D. AranJQ read WArand* ;
line 26, dele James Macpberfon, Efq ; and line laft but
one, for Godf<kaHrezd GodfchalL



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Online LibraryF. H. (Frank Herbert) HaywardAmbulator; or, A pocket companion in a tour round London, within the circuit of twenty-five miles: describing whatever is most remarkable for antiquity, grandeur, elegance, or rural beauty .. → online text (page 30 of 30)