F.A. Battey & Co.

Counties of White and Pulaski, Indiana. Historical and biographical online

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Online LibraryF.A. Battey & CoCounties of White and Pulaski, Indiana. Historical and biographical → online text (page 1 of 81)
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rr^HlS volume goes forth to our patrons the result of mouths of arduous, un
-*- remitting and conscientious labor. None so well know as those who have
been associated with us the almost insurmountable difficulties to be met with
in the preparation of a work of this character. Since the inauguration of the
enterprise, a large force has been employed — both local and others — in gath-
ering material. During this time, most of the citizens of both counties
have been called upon to contribute from their recollections, carefully pre-
served letters, scraps of manuscript, printed fragments, memoranda, etc.
Public records and semi-official documents have been searched, the news-
paper tiles of the counties have been overhauled, and former citizens, now
living out of the counties, have been corresponded with, all for the purpose
of making the record as complete as could be, and for the verification of the
information by a conference with many. In gathering from these numerous
sources, both for the historical and biographical departments, the conflicting
statements, the discrepancies and the fallible and incomplete nature of pub-
lic documents, were almost appalling to our historians and biographers, who
were expected to weave therefrom with some degree of accuracy, in panoramic
review, a record of events. Members of the same families disagree as to the
spelling of the family name, contradict each other's statements as to dates of
birth, of settlement in the counties, nativity and other matters of fact. In
this entangled condition, we have given preference to the preponderance of
authority, and while we acknowledge the existence of errors and our inability
to furnish & perfect history, we claim to have come up to the standard of our
promises, and given as complete and accurate a work as the nature of the
surroundings would permit. Whatever may be the verdict of those who do
not and will not comprehend the difficulties to be met with, we feel assured
that all just and thoughtful people will appreciate our efforts, and recognize
the importance of the undertaking and the great public benefit that has been
accomplished in preserving the valuable historical matter of the counties and
biographies of many of their citizens, that perhaps would otherwise have passed
into oblivion. To those who have given us their support and encourage-
ment, and they are many, we acknowledge our gratitude, and can assure
them that as 3'ears go by the book will grow in value as a repository not
only of pleasing reading matter, but of treasured information of the past
that will become a monument more enduring than marble.

October, 1883. THE PUBLISHERS.





Act of Formation 15

Agricultural Society 33

Alarms, Indian 14

Assessors 41

Associate Judges 42

Auditors 40

Cession Treaties, Indian 13

Changes of Boundaries 17

Circuit Court, Sessions of 19

Circuit Judges 41

Clerks 41

Common Pleas Judges 42

County Agents 41

County Commissioners 40

County Library 26

County Seat. Question 35

County Seminary 26

County Statistics, 1880 36

Court Houses and Jails 24

Drainage 12

Educational Statistics 37

Election Tables 43

Introductory 11

Location of County Seat 20

Medical Society 34

Mound-Builders, The 12

Old Settlers' Association 36

Paupers, County 31

Politics 42

Population 36

Probate Judges 42

Proceedings of Commissioners 21

Recapitulation of Taxes, 1882 39

Recorders 41

School Examiners 41

Seminarv Trustees 41

Sheriffs." 40

Soil, The 1-2

Statistics of Interest 29

Surveyors 41

Three Per Cent Commissioners 41

Treasurers 40


Additional Volunteers 59

Aid to Soldiers, The First 55

Another Company 66

Bounty and Relief 72

Bowman's Company 60

Call to Arms 51

Company, The First 57

Continued Efforts at Enlistment 59

County Conventions 61

Drafts, The 61-68

First Sacrifice, The 52

Flag and Sword Presentation 58

Fourth of July, 1862 61

Fourth of July, 1863 65

Husband Wanted 62

Infantry, Twelfth 74

Infantry, Sixty-third 75

Infantry, Ninety-ninth 75

Infantry, One Hundred and Sixteenth 75

Infantry, One^Hundred and Twenty-eighth... 76

Joy and Sorrow 72

Loyalty 54

Mexican War 48

Militia, County 47


Military Committees 67

Number of Men Furnished 69

Opening Scenes 51

Patriotism in Monticello 52

Presidential Campaign of 1860 49

Recruits 67

Regiments, Sketches of 74

Renewed Efforts 66

Roll of Honor 76

Sanitary Efforts 71

Subsequent Enlistments 58

Union Meeting at Norway 53

War of 1812 .". 48

War Meetings 56-62

White County Companies 70



Union Township 79

Banking 95

Elections, Early 80

Election of November, 1836 80

High School Building 106

Hydraulic Companies 94

Industries 89

Mills 85

Monticello 86

Monticello's Incorporation and Town Of-
ficers 97

Monticello's Early Schools 103

' Monticello's First Building 89

Monticello's First Plat 88

Monticello Items 96

Monticello's Later Merchants, etc 92

Monticello's Present Business Interests... 93

Mt. Walleston Village 85

Newspapers, Early 100

Norway Village 85

Norwegians, The 83

Proceedings of Town Board 99

Prof. G. Bowman's School 105

Religious Organizations, Early 108

School Bonds 107

School Trustees 108

Secret Societies 102

Settler, First 83

Wool Carding 84


Prairie Township 112

Birth, First 119

Bridges 125

Brookston, Town of 121

Churches 120

Creation of Township 113

Death, First 119

Landholders, First 11/

Marriage, First 119

Masonic Lodge 119

Mills, Earlv 129

Poll Lists, Early 114

Pioneer Schools 118

Press, The 126

Settlement 112

Springboro Village « 119

Storm of Sleet 125

Surface Features 125




Honey Creek Township 126

Birth, First 130

Churches 133

Death, First 130

Elections, First 128

Mills 129

Miscellaneous 135

Newspapers 135

Officers, First 128

Railways 130

Reynolds, Town of 130

Reynolds, Incorporation of 134

Schools 133

Secret Societies 132

Settlement, First 127


Jackson Township 136

Agricultural Association 1 IS

Anti-Slavery Petition 1 12

A Storm 145

Birth, First 141

Burnettsville 1 14

1 'hurches 151

Creation of Township 138

Death, First 1 11

Elections, First 139

Farmington Seminary 145

Came ' 140

[daville 146

1 adians 140

Jurors 1 11

Marriage, First 1 II

-Morality 141

Mormonism 143

Oldest Resident 153

Post Offices 144

Schools 141

Settlement, First 13G

Sharon 145

Town of Hannah 140

Violent Deaths 147

Vital Statistics 1 11


Princeton Township 154

Ague in 1844 157

Birth, First 158

Boundaries of Township 155

Churches 158

Creation of Township 1 1 ,

Death, First 158

Elections, Early 156

Flood of 1844.... 157

Justices of the Peace 162

Marriage, First 158

1 (rigin of Name 155

Railroad 159

Schools 158

Seafield station 159

Secret Societies 161

Settlement, First "54

Tavern, First 159

Wolcott, Town of. 1 159

Wolcott's Present Business 161


Monon Township 163

Birth, First L70

Dead Town, A 166

Death. First 170

Early Comers Kit

Elections, Early 163

Indian Mounds 1f,9

I ndian Scare 165

Mills, Early 171

Miscellaneous Items 176

New Bradford, Town of. 173

Pioneer Life 169

Post ( Hlices 172

Religious Organizations 175

Schools and Teachers 17 1

Secret Society 176

Settlement 164

Suicides, etc 175

Wedding, First 170


i LG]

Big Creek Township 178

Ague 183

Birth, First 183

Black Hawk War 182

Chalmers Village 1S.8

Deer and Wolf hunt of 1S40 1S7

Death, First 183

Early Difficulties 183

Elections, Earlv 180

Hotel, First 183

Indians 182

Internal Improvements 18 I

I. ami Entries 181

Marriage, First IS.;

Preachers, Early 184

Schools 184

Settlers, First 178

Spencer House 181

Wheeler Station 184


Liberty Township 189

Churches I III

Creation of Township 192

Death, first pt:;

Elections, First 192

Land Entries, First 190

Marriage, First — •. 193

Miscellaneous 196

Pioneer Homes l'.ll

Post Offices L95

Schools, Early L93

Tax Payers of 1 8 1:; 190


West Point Township 196

Birth, First 200

Death, first 200

Flection, First 199

Formation of Township 198

Forney Post Office 201

Land Entries, First 199

Marriage, first 200

Meadow Lake Farm 201

Ministers and < hurches 200

School Interests 199


Cass Township 202

Birth, first 205

t hurch Interests 10

1 1 eat ion of Township 205

Drainage 208

Educational 1 i-rowth 206

Election, Early

Marriage, First 205

Pioneer Life 202

Post Office !0S

Preacher; First,

Tax Payers of 1851 207


Round Grove Township 209

Births, First 212

Church 212

Creation of Township 210

Death, First 212

Elections, First 211

Land Entries 21 1

Marriage, First 212

Origin of Name 210

Post ntliees 212

Schools 212

Settlement, First 210

Then and Now 213


Rig Creek Township :.7I

( ass Township 123

Money Creek Township si

Jackson Township

Liberty Township ;;',t7

Monticello, City of 215

Motion Township 357




Prairie Township 260

Princeton Township 338

Round Grove Township 426

Union Township 250

West Point Township 407


Burns, John and wife 63

French, Chester C 267

High, Jonathan 384

Love, J. M 329

McAllister, J : 401

Price, Asenath 98

Price, Peter 82

Spencer, George Armstrong 185

Spencer, Thomas 257


Stine, H. S 311

Timmons, John G. and wife 347

Turpie, Mrs. Emma J 239

Turpie, J. H 222

Turpie, Mrs. Marv F 212

Turpie, William 294

Virden, Samuel 293


Elevator of J. & W. W. Raub 365

Farm Residence of J. P. Carr 115

Presbyterian Church of Monticello 45

Farm Residence of John F. Price 419

Public School Building of Monticello 27

Farm Residence of H. M. Wheeler 149

Farm Residence of G. W. Wolverton 167



Abstract of Property and Taxes, 1881 468

Agents, County „ 473k

Agricultural Society 465

Assessors 473

Associate Judges , 474

Auditors 472

Board of Commissioners 455

Buildings, County....: 460

Circuit Court 457

Circuit Judges 473

Clerks 472

Commissioners 472

Common Pleas Judges 474

Coroners 473

County Before Organization 451

Creation of County 450

Drainage 447

Drift, The 445

Election, First 452

Election Tables 475

Indians, The 449

Jail 462

Land Offices 462

Library 462

Medical Society 464

Miscellaneous Items 456

Old Settlers' Association 469

Orders, County 459

Organization of County 450

Petroleum Company 465

Politics 474

Poor, County 463

Probate Judges 474

Railroads 465

Recorders 472

Representatives 473

Roads, County and State 458

School Examiners 473

Seminary, County 462

Sheriffs 472

Soil, The 446

Squatters, The 456

State Senators 473

Statistics 467

Surveyors 473

Tableof Land Entries 457

Three Per Cent Commissioners 473

Townships 464

Treasurers 472

Treasury Statement 469


An Incident 497

Bounty 493

(alls for Troops 497

Disloyalty 490

Draft, The 491-494

Enlistment, Continued 493

Excitement at Winamac 485

Fall of Sumter ... 484

First Company 486

Infantry, Ninth 498

Infantry, Twentieth 498

Infantry, Forty-sixth 499

Infantry, Eighty-seventh 500

Mexican War 482

Old Militia System 481

Rebellion, The 484

Roll of Honor 501

Sketches of Regiments 498

Suppression of the Democrat 492

Tableof Regiments 496

Three Months' Men 486



Monroe Township 504

Additions to Winamac 521

Banking 520

Bridges 519

Business Blocks 521

Business, Present 516

Churches 533

Early Events 515

Elections...: 510

Ferries 519

Incorporation 522

Industrial Growth 514

Later Progress 509

Manufactures 517

Merchandising 515

Newspapers 530

Postmasters 520

Professions 519

Schools 532

Secret Societies 528

Settler, First 507

Settlement 504

Subsequent Improvement 508


Salem Township 535

Agricultural Society 545

Business, Present 541

College, The 540

Creamery 545

Drainage 545

Elections, Early 538

Fatalities 542

Francesville 541

Game 547

Geological Characteristics 536

Hay 547

Land Entries 538

Marriage, First 539

Militia 545

Newspapers 542

Organization 535

Religion 543

Schools 539

Secret Societies 544

Settlement 537





Harrison Township 548

Accidental Death 555

Bridge 553

Church ••■• 552

Creation of Township 548

Deceased Pioneers 550

Elections, Early 549

Incidents 551

Mooresburg 555

Mooresburg Mill 553

Notes and Incidents 555

Origin of Name 548

Politics 557

Roads 554

Saw Mill 554

Schools 553

Settlement, First 549

Spring Election, 1882 556

Wey's Mill 554


Indian Creek Township 557

Birth and Death 563

Bridges 569

Churches, > 566

Education 565

Incidents 559

Marriage, First 563

Mill, First 562

Miscellaneous 569

Mound-Builders 500

Pearl Divers 567

Physical Features 561

Pulaski Grist Mill 563

Pulaski Village 564

Settlement 559

Settler, First 557

Voters, Early 557


White Post Township 571

Affrays 584

Birth, First 578

Churches 582

Death, First 578

Directory of Medarysville 586

Drainage 579

Elections, Early 573

Incidents 577

Marriage, First 578

Medarysville 581

Miscellaneous Notes 586

Mystery, A 580

Newspapers 584

Origin of Name 571

Physical Description 574

Post Office 578

Schools 579

Settlement 573


Van Buren Township 587

Churches 596

Detectives 594

Election, First 588

Elections, Subsequent 588

Hardships 591

Hunters 590

Land Entries . 588

Rosedale Village 595

Schools 595

Settler, First 587

Star City 592

Statistical 592


Tippecanoe Township 598

Boundaries, First 598

Bridges • 60S

Cholera 602

Death, First 601

Elections, Early 600

Incidents, Early 602

Inn, First 602

Landholders, Early 599

Marriage, First 601


Mills 602

Miscellaneous 603

Monterey Village 604

Origin of Name 598

Pioneers Living 601

Roads 603

Settlement 598


Cass Township 608

Belfast 613

Churches 614

Drainage 612

Early Occurrences fill

Elections 008

Fatal Accident 615

Post Office 614

Products 612

Schools 614

Settlers, First 611

Trustees, First 614

Wild Game 612


Rich Grove Township 610

( hurches 620

"Cranberry" Township 621

Creation of Township 610 ■

Death, First 621

Elections, Early 010

< rundrum Station 021

Justices'of the Peace 620

Land Entries 617

Marriage, First 621

Mills, etc 618

Origin of Name 617

Property Protection 621

Road 620

Schools 619

Settlements 618

Trustees 620


Jefferson Township 622

Accident, An 624

Birth, First 624

Churches 625

Creation of Township 622

Death, First 624

Early Experiences 029

Land Entries 626

Liquor License 624

Marriage, First .• 624

Mastodon, Remains of a 630

Mills 620

Origin of Name 622

Schools 630

Settlement 623

Violent Death 630


Beaver Township 631

Birth, First 035

Churches 635

Heath, First Bl

Early Customs 633

Early Events 635

Elections 031

Land Entries 632

Marriage, First 635

Origin of Name 631

Schools 634

Settlers 032


i-'kanki.in Township 636

Civility 640

Drainage 640

Educational I oterests 041

Elections 638

Jacobs House 639

Lund Entries

i Irigin of Name 636

Kail road 640

Settlement 637

Sunday School 640





Bearer Township 768

Cass Township 764

Franklin Township 770

Harrison Township 694

Indian Creek Township 702

Jefferson Township 767

Monroe Township 671

Rich Grove Township 765

Salem Township 674

Tippecanoe Township 749

Van Buren Township 733

White Post Township 725

Winamac, City of 643



Barnett, William C i... 646

Brown, Ira 454

Brown, Mrs. Sophia 487

Dilts, M. A 609

Holsinger, John T 627

Huddleston, W. S 575

Thompson, W. H 524

Thompson, G. W 525

John R. Conner 542

JohnShill , 558

Keller, Bouslog & Co.'s Business House 505





The Surface and Soil — Drainage — Prehistoric Inhabitants —
The Indians — Cession Treaties — Public Land Sales — Creation
op White County — Its Organization — Subsequent Boundary
Alterations — The Early Courts — Acts of the Commissioners
— Financial Management — County Buildings — Societies and
Associations — Industrial Statistics — List of Public Officers
— Politics — Miscellaneous Notes of Interest.

" We have no title deeds to house or lands;
Owners and occupants of earlier dates,
From graves forgotten stretch their dusty hands,
And hold in mortmain still their old estates."

IF the Drift Deposits which cover all White County to the depth of
many feet were cut through, the Niagara limestones of the Upper
Silurian Period would be disclosed. The time is coming in the future
when this vast storehouse of excellent stone will be quarried as coal is
now quarried in many parts of the earth where the surface is compara-
tively level. After these beds of stone had been deposited (so the geolog-
ical story runs) there came a time called Glacial when all this latitude,
and northward, was locked up in vast mountains of ice. Huge glaciers
pushed their way southward in obedience to controlling laws, grinding
iown the elevations of earth and transporting the soil to latitudes far-
ther south. After this came icebergs, the successors of the glaciers,
which continued the process of conveying the soil southward. All of
White County is covered with this foreign soil, often to several hundred
feet in depth, which has come here from British America. As it was
deposited here long before any human beings inhabited, the earth, it may



be considered as having merited the title of " Old Settler." All are fa-
miliar with the characteristics of these deposits, usually called " The
Drift." They vary all the way from alluvium (fine inorganic material
and vegetable mold mingled) to huge bowlders, which may be seen scat-
tered all over the surface of the county, and found as far down as the
Drift extends.

The Soil. — The soil of the county gives rich promises of great future
wealth. There is a large percentage of low or level land, much of which
is yet too wet for cultivation, but which, some day, when suitable drain-
age is furnished, will be like a garden. Many of these tracts of land are
underlaid with extensive beds of bog iron ore, occasionally in such abun-
dance as to give promise of future utility when profitable means of work-
ing them are devised. Some portions of the soil are quite sterile, owing
to a superabundance of sand or clay. Tracts of rich and beautiful prai-
rie land are found in various portions. Clusters of low oaks occur on the
sandier tracts, far out from the larger water-courses. Heavy timber is
found on Tippecanoe River and at other places. High bluffs along the
river afford fine views of extensive and beautiful tracts of country.

Drainage. — Within the past fifteen years not less than $200,000 has
been expended in constructing open ditches. Many miles of tiling have
been laid during the same period. Perhaps over $100,000 has been ex-
pended in drainage during this period. Comparatively little was done in
this direction until fifteen years ago, and the greater portion of what has
been accomplished has been done within the last six years. Twenty years
hence the surface will be well drained, and splendid crops will be raised
where now the song of the batrachian resounds. This work must neces-
sarily go on comparatively slow, as the public funds will admit.

The Mound Builders. — Prior to the period from 1838 to 1842 the
territory now comprising the county of White with all the adjacent lands
was the home of the Indian tribes. Here they had lived back as far as
the knowledge of the Caucasian race extends, and much farther back as
is proved by Indian tradition. If they were the descendants of that ex-
tinct race of people called " Mound Builders," who inhabited all this sec-
tion of country at an earlier date, it may be stated on the best of au-
thority that the Indians had occupied this land long before the Christian
era. Perhaps a majority of authorities on the subject deny the kinship
of the Indians and the Mound Builders, and allege that the latter were
a distinct race of human beings of whom the former knew nothing save
what was derived from their crumbling bones and habitations. All agree,
however, as to the antiquity of the earlier race. Some writers place
them back as co-existent with the old Babylonian and Assyrian nations.
Others still make .them relatives of the Aztecs or Peruvians who occupied


the torrid region of the Western Continent when Columbus resolutely di-
rected the prow of his little vessel westward across the Atlantic. The
truth can never be known. They had no historians ; they were bar-
barians. They had never experienced the pleasure of being " written
up," and had never been asked to put their names down for a copy of the
county history. Consequently their history remains a mystery more pro-
found than that of Eleusis. It remains for the civilized to appreciate the
value which history affords to the human race.

There have been discovered within the limits of White County, usually
on high lands contiguous to some stream, about fifteen mounds, con-
structed in all probability by the Mound Builders, thousands of years
ago. As these are described in township chapters, nothing further will be
added here, except a few general statements. The mounds found in this
section of the State are usually sepulchral, sacrificial or memorial. The
first contain the decaying bones of the dead ; the second contain ashes,
charcoal and the charred bones of animals and even human beings who
were immolated to secure the favor of the Being worshipped ; the third
were erected to commemorate some great national event. All three kinds
are found in the county, the first mentioned being most numerous.

Indian Cession Treaties. — Hoav the Indians came here, succeeding
as they did the earlier race, is not known, and probably never will be.
They were here when the whites first came. The Pottawatomies were
found in possession of the soil, though the Miamis claimed some rights of
occupancy. On the 2d of October, 1818, at a treaty concluded at St.
Mary's with the Pottawatomies, the following tract of country was ceded
to the Government :

Beginning at the mouth of the Tippecanoe River and running up the same to a point
twenty-five miles in a direct line from the Wabash River, thence on a line as nearly par-
allel to the general course of the Wabash River as practicable to a point on the Vermil-
lion River twenty-five miles from the Wabash River, thence down the Vermillion River
to its mouth, and thence up the Wabash River to the place of beginning.

On the 16th of October, 1826, they also ceded the following tract of

Beginning on the Tippecanoe River where the northern boundary of the tract ceded by
the Pottawatomies to the United States at the treaty of St. Mary's in the year 1818 in-
tersects the same, thence in a direct line to a point on Eel River, half way between the
mouth of said river and Parrish's Village, thence up Eel River to Seek's Village (now in
Whitley County) near the head thereof, thence in a direct line to the mouth of a creek emp-
tying into the St. Joseph's of the Miami (Maumee) near Metea's Village, thence up the
St. Joseph's to the boundary line between the Ohio and Indiana, thence south to the
Miami (Maumee), thence up the same to the reservation at Ft. Wayne, thence with the
lines of the said reservation to the boundary established by the treaty with the Miamis
m 1818, thence with the said line to the Wabash River, thence with the same river to the

Online LibraryF.A. Battey & CoCounties of White and Pulaski, Indiana. Historical and biographical → online text (page 1 of 81)