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sential thing in applying water to crops by the flooding
system is to advance the sheet of water uniformly over
the area irrigated so that all parts of that section of the
field to which water is being applied may receive, as
nearly as possible, the same amount of water. Near
Greeley one of the most economically managed farms,
as far as water is concerned, comprising 160 acres,



is entitled to a head of water consisting of two ditch
rights and two reservoir rights. A ditch right, as men-
tioned here, entitles the possessor to fifty-two Colorado
miner's inches for a period extending from May 1 to
August 1. A reservoir right entitles the owner to thirty-
two Colorado miner's inches for a period of ten days.
Converting these figures into cubic feet per second, from
May 1 to August 1 the farm receives 2,708 cubic feet
per second from the two ditch rights and for ten days
after August 1 not necessarily consecutive the farm
receives 1.67 cubic feet per second from the two reser-
voir rights.

The main lateral on this farm has a top width of
three feet, a bottom width of two feet, and side slopes of
one to one. The field laterals are placed from seventy-
five to ninety feet apart in the grain and alfalfa fields.
Canvas dams are placed in the laterals so as to back up
the water for a distance of seventy-five feet, when it is
allowed to flow either over the lower bank or through
cuts made in the bank at intervals of ten or fifteen feet.
The owner of this farm, with a head of one and one-half
ditch rights, 2.03 cubic feet per second, can spread water
over the surface of his fields between laterals placed at
thirty steps apart with ease and effectiveness.

The furrow system of irrigation is practiced on this
farm for root crops, such as sugar beets and potatoes,
which are planted in long rows, the beets about three
feet apart and the potatoes about five feet. The soil is
a sandy loam and the slopes are such that the irrigator
can flow water down the furrows for a distance of 800
feet from the main lateral. The distance which a stream
of water can be successfully run in furrows depends
upon the texture of the soil through which they extend.
Where the soil is coarse and absorbs water quickly the
distance for the same head of water must be shorter
than where the texture of the soil is finer and absorbs
water more slowly. The stream in the furrows must
be made to flow with a velocity sufficient to carry it
to the lowest extremity of the field or the next lateral
below, but at the same time must not flow with such
swiftness as to cause scouring of the banks of the fur-
row or cutting deep into the furrow. The implement
most generally used for ditching potatoes and sugar
beets is the wood-beam wing-shovel plow.

One of the best examples of high-class irrigation
which has been observed is the watering of a field of
potatoes on a hillside. It cost the owner and irrigator of
this piece of ground three years of hard labor and bitter
experience to learn to run his furrows between rows in
such a way as to prevent scouring. At first he attempted
to run his furrows diagonally across the hillside, but
the grade wa-s too steep and the water scoured the fur-
rows, while his crop of potatoes was a failure owing to
the lack of water at the head of his rows and the over-
abundance at the lower ends. The next year he ran his
furrows around the hill, but they did not conform to
the contour of the ground sufficiently to altogether pre-
vent scouring, and his crop was poor. Finally, he has
fitted the curve of his furrows to the contour of the hill
in such a way as to prevent all scouring, and now his
crop of potatoes from this hillside is as good as any crop
he raises on comparatively level ground.

CAKE OF LATERALS.

Laterals, like machinery, need more or less constant
attention when in use. If they are neglected, breaks,
leaks, and blocking of the channel may occur, and prob-



248



THE IERIGATION AGE.



ably at a time when water is most needed. A heavy
storm 'may cause the washing out of a portion of the
lower bank in the lateral, especially on a hillside. Such
a break must be speedily repaired. Unceasing annoy-
ance and trouble in the operation of laterals is caused
by gophers, or prairie squirrels, which burrow holes on
hillside slopes and will burrow from the bed or side of
a canal or lateral down through the lower bank, coming
to the surface again, perhaps ten or more feet below
their starting point. When water is first turned into
a canal in the spring the water finds its way through
these holes. These leaks may be hardly perceptible at
first, but very soon attain such proportions as to en-
danger the lateral banks. Any method used to extermi-
nate these pests like gophers and prairie dogs is a
tedious one. A method frequently adopted is to drown
them out, but this is not always successful. Before the
water is turned into the canal, a ditch rider goes down
the line of ditch blocking all the lower holes or exits
from from the burrows that may be discovered. After
the lower holes are blocked the water is turned into the
canal filling the burrows and drowning the gophers. Of
course many holes may escape attention and careful
supervision of the canal and its banks must be exercised
whenever gophers are numerous. Many formulas for
poison have been compounded and successfully used for
exterminating prairie dogs and pocket gophers. The
Kansas Experiment Station has recently published a
valuable bulletin* on the subject of "Destroying Prairie
Dogs and Pocket Gophers."

Laterals become blocked by the caving of the upper
banks or the trampling of loose stock or by the deposit
of refuse from the main canal, which may connect in one



spot and form an imperfect dam. The laterals must be
kept clear of debris and an uninterrupted flow main-
tained.

"Bulletin No. 116, January, 1903.

(To be Continued.)



NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.

Notice is hereby given that the Boards of Supervisors
of Monona and Harrison Counties, Iowa, will meet at
Onawa, Iowa, June 8th, 1905, for the purpose of opening
bids and letting the contract for the construction of a
drainage ditch through the above named counties a
distance of 23 miles. The excavation will be approxi-
mately 3,250,000 cubic yards. For specifications address
the County Auditor at Logan, Iowa or Onawa, Iowa.
Payment to be made by Drainage Bonds or Certificates
according to drainage laws of Iowa.

Onawa, Iowa, May 13th, 1905.



MAKES WORTHLESS LAND BECOME VALUABLE

" The Great Economical Water Lifter "

The Phillips
Hydraulic Ram

It will utilize any fall of
water from 3 feet up for
the purpose of raising a
portion of the same to any
desired level. It requires
no attention and involves
no cost of operation.




Send for new catalog "R."

Columbia Engineering

Works
PORTLAND. OREGON. U.S.A.

National Irrigation Congress Convention August 21 to 24, 1905.
Lewis & Clark Centennial opens June 1, closes September 15, 1905.



Dempster Gasoline Engines



Make

Sure

of

Having

Water

When You

Need It



Pump it

with a

Centrifugal

Pump

and

Dempster
Engine




Dempster

Gasoline

Engines

2 to 30

Horse

Power



Reliable

Economical

Durable

Always

Ready

for
Business



DEMPSTER MILL MANUFACTURING CO.



factory:

Branch Houses: KANSAS CITY, MO.; SIOUX FALLS, SO. DAK.; OMAHA, NEB.




THE IERIGATION AGE.

The Flour City

GASOLINE ENGINES

TRACTION = PORTABLE = STATIONARY



249



Power of the Machine: 256 Tons.



This is our new Twentieth Century Stump
Puller, made of semi-steel; specially adapted for
clearing land of all kinds and sizes of trees,
stumps, grubs, and brush. This machine will
clear from one to five acres a day, doing work
equal to twenty men. Every machine is equip-
ped with our patent 25-foot Anchor rope. 1 inch
diameter; 50-foot Pull rope, K inch in diameter;
one Improved Snatch Block, 50-foot Hitch rope
attached, 1 inch diameter; short Anchor Loop,
for light pulling; Automatic Sweep Lift: Pawl;
Key; the necessary bolts, and everything: com-
plete except the Cross-Pole and Sweep, which
are cut in the timber where the machine is to
work. We will lay this machine down at your
nearest railroad station, Freight-
Paid, without any further ex- <T 1 flfl
pense to you, for - - - - pl\JU

Warrant and Guarantee. Every Smith
machine is warranted against breakage, and is
sold under a positive guarantee to give satisfac-
tion or money refunded.

Terms: Send $17. with your order, to guaran-
tee freight charges, and we will make shipment
and collect balance C. O. D.

W. SMITH GRUBBER CO.

LA CROSSE, WIS. U.S.A.

REFERENCE:
National Bank of Lacrosse, Wis.

SEND FOR FREE CATALOGUE.

Note - The above Is the largeat stamp puller factory la
the world and perfectly reliable. - Editor.



5O YEARS'
EXPERIENCE




TRADE MARKS

DESIGNS
COPYRIGHTS &c.

Anyone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
Invention is probably patentable. Communica-
tions strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patents
sent free. Oldest agency for securing patents.

Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive
tfecial notice, without charge, In the

Scientific Jlimiican.

A handsomely illustrated weekly. Largest cir-
culation of any scientific journal. Terms, $3 a
year; four months, fL Sold by all newsdealers.

MUNN 4Co.""* * New York

Branch Office, 625 F St, Washington, D. C.



PRAIRIE
STATE

Incubators
Brooders




ACKNOWLEDGED
THE BEST

100 Egg Incubator complete. .$10.00
50 Egg Incubator complete.. 6.00
100 Chick Brooder complete.. 7.00
Delivered from Kansas City, St. Louis,
Chicago. Beautiful catalogue free.

PRAIRIE STATE INCUBATOR CO.
Box 362. Homer City, Pennsylvania




KINNARD-HAINES CO.

MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA




TO CAS ENGINE OPERATORS

DYNAMO IGNITION.

Motsinger Anto-Sparker

No battery to start or run. The 01 ig-
Inal speed-controlled friction-drive
Djnamii. Driven parallel with
engine shaft. No belts. No bev-
eled pulley or beveled fly wheel
necessary. For make and break
and jump-spark system. Water

and dust proof. Fully Guaranteed

Mfg. CO. i" MA,* ST., PENDLETON, INO., U.S.A.




4 GREAT 4




THE HEW CENTURY
GRAIN SEPARATOR
light and low down; re-
quires less power; saves more grain and
cleans better than
any other.

7 AULTMAN fc TAY-
* LOR TRACTION
ENGINES for Thresh-
ing, Ploughing or Road Work, lead the
World. f * MATCHLESS CLO-

* VER and ALFAL-
FA HULLER, A great
money maker and
saver Has no equal.

4ATJLTMAH & TAY-
LOR SAWMILLS are

Free catalogue cheerfully fur. GnarfUlteed to S8W true

nished to anyone interested by and marketable lumber

THE ADLTMAN & TAYLOR MACHINERY CO.

MANSFIELD, O.




THE IRRIGATION A(Jh

One Year, $1.00
THE PR1HER OF IRRIGATION

300 pages, $2.00



AN IDEAL PUMPER



'WITTE, JR.



A high grade

- - - - T _ complete out-
designed for deep wells. No Extras or
Jacks necessary and not
a miitoe shift belt attach-
ment. IT IK COMPLKTE
as shown here, ready
run. Get the facts.
[ Witte Iron Works C
516 W. 6th St.

Kansas City, Mo. |
Send for Ctlo| F



The Profits Are Yours



25 to 100 per cent Dividend Paying Stock without a cent's
investment for same. No canvassing. No agency. A strictly
business proposition.

Buying from us means from factory to you. No jobbers. No
retail profits to pay.

We "Divide the Profit with You." You get dividend paying
stock and better goods at lower prices.

Yoxi Can't Lose by Taking Profits

Let us send you free the "most remarkable mercantile
offer ever ma.de," and our catalogue of unequalled prices.



The Peoples' Mercantile Co,

DIVIDEND DEPARTMENT

DENVER, COLORADO

Dealers in Merchandise for Men, Women Lnd Children



DON'T BUY GASOLINE ENGINES

|BcjBl* W .iw*lirf^JB* - ^^^



all one cylinder engines; revoiunomzii
tlonary or traction. Mention this paper.



UNTIL YOU INVESTIGATE
'THE MASTER WORKMAN,"

^_ _ ^^>J_ M^^^^^M H VI m^m ^ ^vwawaw -^^ a two-cylinder gasoline engine superior to
nrai power. CostsLen toBayand Lei. to Rm.. Quickly, easllv started. No , vibration. Can bemounted on ^^^"^^y^ggftfeSg
SKNDFOR CATALOGUE. T1IE TEMPLE PUMP CO-, Mfr... Meher & 16th Sto., Chlcaco. T



250



THE IERIGATION AGE



We MeLrv\ifa.ct\ire
TH E ON L Y

Well and

Prospecting

Machinery

Suited to Your Wants



Also Steam and Power

Pumping
MaicKinery
Compressors

Gasoline Engines

We want every Dealer who handles

iir-HTviv^'^ri^Ml^HtM^Dv., Can Show Core Through all Hard Materials Well or Pumping Machinery or AppH-
LIGHTNING WELL MACHINERY. ' arvces to correspond with vis.



Write for Catal



THE AMERICAN WELL WORKS.




Aurora, 111,.



Chicago, 111..



Dallas. Tex.



Please mention THE IRRIGATION AGE when writing to Advertisers.



A Substantial Style of

JEFFREY "CENTURY"

Rubber Belt Conveyor




Adapted for particularly heavy work, handling
tailings on dredges, etc.

ASK FOR CATALOGUE 72A FREE

THE JEFFREY MFG. COMPANY

COLUMBUS, OHIO, U. S. A.

NEW YORK CHICAGO KNOXVILLE, TENN.
PITTSBURC DENVER CHARLESTON, W.VA.



$2.50 will secure for you one year's subscription to THE
IRRIGATION AGE and a finely bound volume of the Primer {
of Irrigation which will be sent postpaid in a few months,
when volume Is completed. The Primer of Irrigation will be
finely Illustrated and will contain about 300 pages. Send post
office or express money order for $2.50 and secure copy of first
edition.



A


ENGINEERS


&



ARTHUR E. MORGAN,

HYDRAULIC ENGINEER,

Drainage, Irrigation, Sewerage, Water Supply,
Topographical Surveying,

ST. CLOUD, - - - MINN.




| Maginnis Flume Mfg. Co., |

...Manufacturers of...

MAGINNIS

PATENT

FLUME,

I SHEEP TROUGHS AND CATTLE TANKS

The Maginnis flume has taken the place of wooden
flumes in nearly every ditch in our home county. One
advantage of the galvanized iron flume is that all the
water goes over the flume, which is not possible where A
$ wooden flumes are used. Very little timber is required
* just two slight stringers of sufficient strength to carry
X the weight of the water. Being made in semi-circular
X form, no holes to break; galvanized, thereby preventing
jt rust. No rivets to solder over, no solder, just a plain
X splice joint. Strengthened by ribs every thirty inches, it
X is guaranteed not to leak or buckle. Can be moved in
j sections of thirty inches, without interfering with the
X rest of the flume. Special flumes made to order.
y Write for prices, etc., to the

I*

% Maginnis Flxime Mfg. Co.,
I KimbaJl. Neb.

6

Mentioning THE IRRIGATION AGE.

V

.av -A. A. Jt. J*. J. .- -. -!. -... -. -. -*. a *' a -*. a * > .

wwwvwwww%*v



THE IERIGATION AGE.



251



RUNS CONTINUOUSLY
NO ATTENTION
NO EXPENSE




RIFE AUTOMATIC HYDRAULIC RAM



PUMPS WATER BY WATER POWER

Large Capacity Rams for Irrigation

Operates under 18 In. to 50 ft. fall. .-. Elevates water 30 feet for every foot fall used.
80 per cent efficiency developed. .-. Over 4,500 plants In successful operation. .'. In-
formation and estimates promptly and cheerfully furnished. -.- Catalog Free.

RIFE ENGINE COMPANY



126 Liberty Street,



NEW YORK, U. S. A.



BOOKS ON



Irrigation and Drainage

THE IRRIGATION AGE has established a book
department for the benefit of its readers. Any
of the following named books on Irrigation
and Drainage will be forwarded postpaid on
receipt of price:

Irrigation Institutions, Elwood Mead 81.25

Irrigation in the United States, F. H. Newell 2.00

Irrigation Engineering, Herbert M. Wilson 4.00

Irrigation and Drainage, F. H. King l.&O

Irrigation for Farm and Garden, Stewart 1.00

Irrigating the Farm, Wilcox 2.00

The Primer of Irrigation, cloth, 300 pages 2.00

Practical Farm Drainage, Charles G. Elliott 1.00

Drainage for Profit and Health, Waring 1 00

Farm Drainage, French , 1.00

Land Drainage, Miles 1.00

Tile Drainage, Chamberlain 40

Address

THE D. H. ANDERSON PUBLISHING CO.

112 Dearborn Street, CHICAGO, ILL.



SUNSET MAGAZINE

DESCRIBES

C ALIFO RNI A



NOT only California, but all the
great West, is truthfully de-
scribed in the beautifully illustrated
pages of this virile Western monthly.
Its fine half-tones make you see the
country, while its descriptive and in-
dustrial articles tell you exactly
what is to be found there. It is

"O PPORTUNIT Y"

in visible form, for it shows the won-
derful chances for success now open
in the New West for wide-awake
people.

If your news dealer doesn't carry SUNSET, send us
his name and address and write for sample copy,
sent for 10 cents.



HOME OFFICES: 431 CALIFORNIA ST.,

San Francisco, California.



ABOUT THE SOUTH

"About the South" is the name of a 64-page illustrated pamphlet issued by the Passenger Department of the
ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R. CO.

in which important questions are tersely answered in brief articles about Southern Farm Lands, Mississippi Valley Cotton
Lands, Truck Farming, Fruit Growing, Stock Raising, Dairying, Grasses and Forage, Soils, Market Facilities and
Southern Immigration along the lines of the Illinois Central and Yazoo & Mississippi Valley railroads, in the States of
Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi and Louisiana.

Send for a free copy to J. F. Merry, A. G. P. A., I. C. R. R., Dubuque, la.

Choice Pickings in the YAZOO VALLEY

"Choice Pickings in the Yazoo Valley" is the title of an illustrated 36-page pamphlet describing the railroad lands in
the famous Yazoo Valley of the Mississippi, on the line of the Yazoo & Mississippi Valley Railroad, and showing what has
been accomplished by the large number of settlers successfuly established there. For a free copy, address E. P. Skene,
Land Commissioner, I. C. R. R., Central Station, Park Row, Chicago, 111.

Information concerning rates and train service to the South via the Illinois Central can be had of agents of connecting
lines, or by addressing A. H. HANSON, G. P. A., Chicago, 111.



252



THE IERIGATION AGE.



The

Wizard'

Engine



With
Pump



ENGINES



ARE USED BY THE

U. S. GOVERNMENT

In sending out their last specifications for!
F gasoline engines for West Point, the U.S.
War Department required them "to be
Olds Engines or equal." They excel all
others or the U. S. Government would not de-
mand them.

The horizontal type, 2 to 100 H. P., and are
so simply and perfectly made that it tequires
no experience to run them, and

Repairs Practically Cost Nothing.

Send for a catalogue of our Wizard Engine,
2 to 8 H. P. (jump-spark ignition, the same
' as in the famous Otasmobne),

The most economical smalt power engine
made; fitted with either pump- jack or di-
L reel- connected pump. Or, our general
catalogue, showing all sizes.
Olds Gasoline Engine Works*

Lansing, Mich.



$2.50



will pay for the
Irrigation Age
one year and The
Primer of Irriga-
tion.



KTRUITBOOK

"shows in NATURAL COLORS and
, accurately describes 216 varieties of
fruit. Send for our liberal terms of distri-
'butiou to planters. Stark Bro's, Louisiana. Mo.




15,000 Newspapers
and Periodicals
every week




Thinkers
Students
Writers
Public Men
Business Men

and ANYONE wishing to collect
clippings on any subject, business
pointers, material for lectures, sermons
or debates, should read our booklet,
"The Uses of Press Clippings." Sent
to any addressou receipt of stamps.



Consolidated Press Clipping Co.

167 W abash Are.. CHICAGO



Renew your subscription of the IRRIGATION AGE for 1905

Send us in Post Office or Express money order for $1.00

With Primer of Irrigation $2.50



Farmers, There's a Reason

Why I can sell you improved farms or unimproved farming land in my part
of Michigan cheaper than anyone else.

One reason is, BECAUSE I represent the Colonization Bureau of Michigan
Railroads, which embraces all transportation lines traversing the lands I handle,
enabling me to make inducements impossible for anyone else to offer you in
my locality. Another reason is, BECAUSE being more widely known, through
the large line of advertising I carry, owners who wish to sell at fair prices list
their properties with me. Another reason is, BECAUSE I handle no insur-
ance, stocks, bonds, city property or rents.

I DEAL EXCLUSIVELY IN FARMING LANDS

My business is to sell farms and farm lands and I do it. I have sold thousands of acres to
worthy people from the more well settled parts of the country. You will probably buy just as
so many others have done before you. All I ask is that you will come to me and let me show
you around, and I will help you in the matter of coming bv reducing your railroad fare. When
you took over my lands use your own judgment. Seems to me, this is fair. You owe to yourself
to investigate. I will treat you honorably and liberally that's the way I have made my repu-




tation.



The Cadillac Tract



which I am now offering is the biggest bargain I have handled. It embraces about 25,000 acres
of splendid land around the City of Cadillac, distant from one-half to six miles. The main lines
of the Grand Rapids and Indiana and Ann Arbor Railroads, branches of the Pennsylvania -ind
Wabash Railroads, respectively, run through the tract. The lands are also intersected by free
gravel pike roads. Soil is good for crops that pay us best, climate is not at all severe, water is
pure, soft and easily reached. Markets and the facility of reaching them better than in most
other localities. I have an illustrated booklet and an accurate and comprehensive map of
these lands which is free to you on request. Write today. It will pay.

SAMUEL S. THORPE

District Agent Michigan Land Association,

REPRESENTING THE COLONIZATION BUREAU OF MICHIGAN RAILROADS. Embracing

Ann Arbor, Manistee <8i Northeastern. Detroit (Si Mackinac, Michigan Central.

Grand Rapids . Indiana. Pere Marquette.

Room 8, Webber-McMullen Building, .... CADILLAC. MICHIGAN



"The basis of my business is absolute and
untiring integrity." Samuel S. Thorpe.






THE IRRIGATION AGE. 253

I



UNION MACHINES

WITH PUG MILLS COMBINED




FIVE SIZES ALL CAPACITIES

Outfits for Drain Tile, Hollow Ware, Building
and Paving Brick and other Clay Products



If interested write us for particulars and estimates.

E. M. FREESE & CO.

QALION, OHIO



254



THE IKRIGATION AGE.



UNION
PACIFIC



To Many Points in



California, Oregon, Washington



FROM MISSOURI RIVER TERMINALS

(Kansas City to Council Bluffs, inclusive)

UNION PACIFIC

EVERY DAY MARCH 1 TO MAY 16, 1905.



$20.
$22.



00
50



j to Ogden and Salt Lake City.
j to Butte, Anaconda and Helena,
to Pendleton and Walla Walla,
to Spokane and Wenatchee, Wash,
to San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego

and many other California points,
to Everett, Fairhaven, Whatcom, Van-
couver, Victoria and Astoria,
to Ashland, Koseburg, Eugene, Albany

and Salem, via Portland.
Vto Portland, or to Tacoma and Seattle,

AND TO MANY OTHER POINTS

E. L. LOMAX, Q. P. & T. A.
Omaha, Neb.



.00



Go Southwest

THE

Southern Pacific

TRAVERSES

LOUISIANA, TEXAS, NEW MEXICO, ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA

PULLMAN STANDARD AND EXCURSION SLEEPERS.
FREE CHAIR CARS. DAY COACHES.

OIL BURNING LOCOMOTIVES

NO SMOKE NO DUST NO CINDERS
Low Colonists' Rates to all Points. See for yourself

THE FAMOUS

OIL, RICE, COTTON, SUGAR, LUMBER, TOBACCO,
GRAPE, TRUCK AND CATTLE COUNTRY OF

The Grea^l Southwest

WRITE FOR ILLUSTRATED PAMPHLETS TO

T. J. ANDERSON, Q. P. A. JOSEPH HELLEN, A. Q. P. A.

HOUSTON, TEXAS



THE IRRIGATION AGE.



255



The Fertile Lands of Colorado

are best reached by the

DENVER & RIO GRANDE R. R.



"Scenic Line of the World"



Colorado has fertile valleys surpassed by no other
land under the sun and by means of irrigation the
farmer is absolutely insured against crop failure.

Write for free booklet and all information.



S. K. HOOPER.

General Passenger and Ticket Agent,
DENVER. COLO.



R. C. NICHOL,

General Agent,
242 Clark St.. CHICAGO, ILL.



THE IRON f

MOUNTAIN

/ROUTE



TO-
HOT SPRINGS, ARK

TEXAS,

MEXICO
and CALIFORNIA.



Elegant Through Service



OVE.R 19 HOURS
SAVED TO MEXICO.

DOUBLE DAILY SERVICE.

DINING CARS, "Meals a la Carte.'



H. C.TOWNSEND,

Q. P. and T. Agent, ST. LOUIS, MO




The Great East and West Line
Across tKe Entire States of



TEXAS " LOUISIANA




NO TROUBLE TO ANSWER QUESTIONS.

Through Tourist and Standard Sleepers between Chicago and California
without change. Close connection at El Paso.

New Dining Cars (meals a la carte) between Texas and St. Louis.



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