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From the collection of the






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Prelinger
v JUibrary



San Francisco, California
2007



THE




With Which Is Merged ''

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS National . NOVEMBER, 191 3

Land a** Irrigation
I Journal I



Vol. XXIX



TITLE REGISTERED U.S. PATENT OFFICE




No. 1



The ability of Austin Excavators to dig

perfect ditches has never been equalled

They dig ditches that
deepen most in the exact
center ditches with per-
fect slope and berm
ditches that, nc matter
what the soil, defy caving
and deterioration from
frost or erosion. They
duplicate your plans at
lowest cost.

An Austin Drainage Excavator Ditch is dug with sides sloped to templet
and in one operation. The method is described in Catalogue "S"

F. C. Austin Drainage Excavator Company

Agents wanted in open territory Railway Exchange, Chicago, 111.





Morris Machine Works

BALDWINSVILLE, N. Y

Centrifugal Pumping Machinery, de-
signed for any irrigating or dredging prop-
osition. Send details or specifications
of what is wanted and we will recommend
a pumping outfit to supply the need.



New York Office, 39-41 Cortlandt Street

HENION & HUBBELL - - General Agents

223-231 North Jefferson St., Chicago

HARRON, RICKARD & McCOMB - - Agents
San Francisco and Los Angeles, California



H. A. PAINE, Agent



Houston, Texas



Governor Haines
Answers Bohm



Conservation and
Co-operation



'' :
; /:.".: ':-. : -



Power Pumps

Working Heads, Pumping Jacks, Cylinders, Etc.




PATENTED

The Myers

Bulldozer Power

Working Heads

For Deep Wells

Length of Stroke
5 to 24 inches

Size of Discharge
Up to 6 inches



PATENTED

APRIL30T-M90I,

No. 673,282.
JULY I3"2J, 1909,

No. 928.234
AUGUST 10 1909,

No. 930,405.
AUGUST I0t 1809,

NO. 930,981.



PATENTED

The Myers
Bulldozer

Power Pumps
For

Shallow Wells

Double Acting
Length of

Stroke
5 to 20 inches

Size of

Cylinders

2Yi to 6 inches

Size of

Discharge

Up to 4 inches



1 lie coutf uctioti ut ihe_-.e pumps pei nil
double gearing which transmits the power
in two lines one from each end of the
same shaft, thus insuring perfect align-
ment and reducing all friction and
strain to a minimum.




Capacities

600 to 7200 Gallons

per Hour



ItVlMSM



I4X2-J



F. E. MYERS 4 BRO., ASHLAND, OHIO

ASHLAND PUMP AND HAY TOOL WORKS



191843

/



THE IEEIGATION AGE.



Come Up Irvto
the NortKern
Pacific Country

This northern tier of states offers a HEALTHFUL and
INVIGORATING CLIMATE, SPLENDID CROP RECORDS,
and in every respect unexcelled opportunities.

Northwestern Crops

are BUMPER this year. Wisconsin and Minnesota lead the United
States in condition of the Corn Crop. The rest of the Northern
Pacific country is at the very height of prosperity.

Low Round-Trip Homeseekers' Excursions



on numerous dates this Fall to practically all points in the north-
western United States and Canada. Low One-Way Spring Colonist
Fares will be in effect daily March 15 to April 15, 1914. Send for
free illustrated literature and information today and plan a trip of
investigation into this fertile territory.



. J. BRICKER, General Immigration Agent

Northern Pacific Building ST. PAUL, MINN.



Northern
Pacific Ry.



When writinf to advertisers please mention The Irrigation Age.




THE IRRIGATION AGE.




WE SHALL be glad to mail
anyone who wishes same,
our free catalog. We sell our
product through dealers and
jobbers entirely and solicit in-
quiries from all dealers. Our
goods are well and favorably
known. They are standards in
the United States Army and
several other departments of
the government.

Gold Medal Camp Furniture Mfg. Co.

Racine, Wis., U. S. A.





The field is unlimited and uncrowded; marketing the
product in competition with the clay interests and at clay
tile prices produces a great profit and a glance at the future
spells only success for the factory or business started today .

No existing proposition offers such flattering induce-
ments or such a field of opportunity for the man looking
for a vocation or for the man looking for an investment.
No other business can net you such profits on the amount
of capital involved, and no other business has such an
unlimited future.

Just think of a business paying from 30% to 50% on
the investment the very first season, and subsequently
from 50% to 150%, then ask yourself the question Is it
worthy of investigation?

Our literature gives you all the details regarding the
merits of cement tile, the cost of manufacture, the amount
of capital required to embark in the business; how to
build your factory and last, but not least, it tells you
how we aid the manufacturer using our machinery and
gives you our full and complete proposition. A short
letter telling that you are interested will bring complete
data.

The Cement Tile Machinery Co,

172 Rath St., Waterloo, Iowa.



Can You Afford to
Support Horses?

THOMAS A. EDISON, the
wizard of inventors, says,
"The horse is the poorest
motor ever built." When you stop to think
of it, the horse is about the most costly and
wasteful thing at work for a farmer. At
best his working time averages only about
six hours a day, eighteen hours he rests, yet
he eats all year round, working or idle. He
eats ten pounds for every hour he works.
One acre out of every five plowed goes to
feed the horse. The best horse may get
sick; when, besides losing his work, you have veterinary
bills to pay. When he dies, you have a heavy loss.
Since McCormick built his first binder, the tendency of
all farming has been away from slow man- and horse-
power and toward time- and money-saving machines.
Thus far, wherever an

I H C Oil Tractor

has been set to work on a farm, no machine has taken,
the place of so many horses, or done so much
laborious work with so large a saving of time and
money. I H C tractors have revolutionized f arm-
ing. If the owner desires, his tractor will plow
} nearly as much in a day of twenty-four hours as
a team of horses plows in a month. There is effi-
ciency for you!
Whether you use it for pulling field machines,





hauling your produce, threshing, cutting ensilage, baling
hay, or anything else, the I H C tractor will stand up to
the work. In simplicity and strength of construction,
ease of operation, durability, and all-around economy,
you cannot find the equal of I H C tractors. They are
made in all styles and in 6-12, 7-1S, 10-20, 12-25, 15-30,
25-45, and 30-60-horse power. The I H C engine line
also includes general purpose engines, ranging from 1
to 50-horse power and operating on various fuels.

It will be to your advantage to get acquainted with
the I H C tractor. See the local dealer, and write for
facts and information to the nearest branch house.

WESTERN BRANCH HOUSES: Denver, Col.; Helen., Monl.; Port-
land, Ore.; Spokane, Wash.; Salt Lake City, Utah; San Franciico, Cal.

International Harvester Company of America

(Incorporated)
Chicago USA




When writing to advertisers olease mention The Irrigation Age.



THE IRRIGATION AGE.




This splendid 70 gallon verti-
cal suction, centrifugal Buffalo
Pump for only

$28:50



Larger Sizes in
Proportion



"Buffalo" Vertical Suction
Centrifugal Pump the highest
pump value ever offered at the price



We are prepared to make stock ship-
ments from factory of this highly
recommended and exceedingly popular
irrigation pump, used for heads not
exceeding over 50 feet. It belongs to
the trade-marked "Buffalo" Class M
family, which has won just recognition
as the highest value obtainable in
popular priced centrifugal pumps.
The outfit includes pump, pulley, com-
panion flanges and coupling for both
suction and discharge, as shown. Only
the finest white babbitt metal is used
in the extra long bearings, which are
furnished with brass compression
grease cups. Thrust' bearing is of ball
bearing type. It may be installed by
attaching the suction flange directly
to the well casing, the pump itself be-
ing set between two vertical timbers,
which also carry the shafting, bearings,
etc., and is driven by pulley located
above the ground at top of the well.
Bearings, shaft collars, and steel shaft-
ing can be supplied at a slight extra
cost to suit your individual require-
ments. Being accurately made and
fitted, all parts of the pump are inter-
changeable and can be promptly dup-
licated at any time. Couplings are
bored same size as shaft and bearings.
Larger sizes also made. The price
quoted is f. o. b. our factory.



Send us your order now.



Ask for Catalog No. 2J7-C.



BUFFALO STEAM PUMP CO.

Buffalo, N. Y.

Agents Wanted for our complete line of
pumps for every purpose



SAMSON TURBINE




When the PUMP cannot be direct connected to
the turbine shaft, the power is usually trans-
mitted by gears, shafting, etc. On account of
the HIGH SPEED of the SAMSON, for a given
power, lighter and consequently CHEAPER
transmission machinery can be used.



JAMES LEFFEL & CO.

Springfield, Ohio, U. S. A.

316 Lagonda Street



IRRIGATION DITCHES

Cheaply and Properly Made with a

Rural Road Grader and Ditcher




Cutting V-Bottom ditch on Slope of 1^ to 1.

The successful irrigation ditch or lateral must\be cut
clean, with slopes smooth and undisturbed. This ma-
chine was especially designed to meet these requirements.
One horse and wheel traveling in point of ditch, the
other outside the bank of earth. Operated by one or
two men and two or four horses.

If you have an irrigation problem to solve, do not fail
to write for full information concerning this Combined
Grader and Irrigation Ditcher.

Address

C. D. EDWARDS, Albert Lea, Minn.



When writing to advertisers please mention The Irrigation Age.



THE IRRIGATION AGE.



This Book Shows How to

Plan a Private Irrigation

Pumping Plant

It also shows all of
the various types of
pumps to meet the
conditions found in
different localities,
tells how to select
the proper pump for
your conditions, how
to determine the
amount of power you

will need and all the other things the

irrigator needs to know.

One will be sent free on request
as long as they last. Write today



WAKSEsir rare.!?' p>[lJJ $$ p

174 Fall Street, Seneca Falls, N. Y.

Branches in All Principal Cities




The Ditchwalker Knows the Red Ball

He knows that it stands for rubber footwear that lasts.
He knows that when he buys "Ball-Band" rubber foot-
wear he is saving money. And he is for the boots with
the Red Ball that will give him bigger dividends in
hard wear, dollar for dollar, than anyotherboot.

He knows that the boots with the Red Ball will
keep his feet dry as he splashes through the
laterals. The icy water in the ditches
comes straight from the mountains
and will send a chill through
your whole system if your
feet are not kept
dry and warm.




"Ball - Band"
Boots will keep
the water out and a short
wool sock on the foot will
keep the heat In.
Look for the boots with the Red Ball. You
can bvy them with the knowledge that they
will give you more days' wear for each dollar
invested than any other boot you can buy.

Ask your dealer for them. If he doesn't keep
them, write us and we'll see that you are sup-
plied. Write anyway for our free illustrated
booklet on "Ball-Band" rubber footwear.

Mishawaka Woolen Mfg. Co.

346 Water Street, MUhawaka Ind.

"The House That Pays Mil-
lions for Quality"



Black mar Rotary Pump



(Interior View)




Large Capacity with
Minimum of Power



One customer writes he
pumped 21,000 gallons
with a fuel consumption
.... of 1 gallon of gasoline.

~~*^ PATENTED

Runs quiet ; is high in efficiency and
durability. Wear automatically
taken up. Few parts, no springs,
no adjustments. Requires little or
no attention.

One customer has 500 in use.
Capacity, 5 to 500 gallons per min.

Tell us about your pumping problems.

Blackmar Pump Power
& Manufacturing Co.

PETOSKEY, MICH., U. S. A.



No matter where you live or what your seed-
ing conditions are, you can get a SUPERIOR
GRAIN DRILL that will fill the bill and do your
work in the best possible manner. Superior
Drills are made in all sizes and every style.
Every Superior Drill is sold under a war-
ranty that absolutely protects the buyer.
Send for catalogue. Read it and go to your
local dealer and insist on seeing, the
Superior Drill.

AMERICAN SEEDING MACHINE CO., (Inc.)

Springfield, Ohio



GRAIN DRILLS



When writing to advertisers please mention The Irrigation Age.



Year



THE IRRIGATION AGE



VOL. XXIX



CHICAGO, NOVEMBER, 1913.



No. 1



THE IRRIGATION AGE

Wtth which is Merged

The National Land and Irrigation Journal

MODBKN IRRIGATION THE DRAINAGE JOURNAL

THE IRRIGATION ERA MID-WEST

ARID AMERICA THE FARM HERALD

THE ISBIGATOK

D. H. ANDERSON

PUBLISHER,
30 No. Dearborn Street, CHICAGO

Old No. 112 Dearborn St.

Entered as second-class matter October 3, 1817. at the
Postofflce at Chicago. 111., under Act of March 3. 187.

D. H. ANDERSON. Editor

ANNOUNCEMENT.

The "Primer of Hydraulics" is now ready; Price $2.50.
If ordered in connection with subscription $2.00.



SUBSCRIPTION PRICE

To United States Subscribers, Postage Paid, . . il.ot
To Canada and Mexico, ....... !

All Other Foreign Countries, ...... l.M

In forwarding remittances please do not send check* on
local banks. Send either postoffice or express money order or
Chicago or New York draft.

Official organ Federation of Tree Growing Clubs of
America. D. H. Anderson, Secretary.

Official organ of the American Irrigation Federation.
Office of the Secretary, 212 Boyce Building, Chicago.

Interesting to Advertisers.

It may interest advertisers to know that The Irrigation Age is the
only publication in the world having an actual paid in advance
circulation among individual irrigators and large irrigation corpo-
rations. It is read regularly by all interested in this subject and has
readers in all parti of the world. The Irrigation Age Is 28 yean
old and is the pioneer publication of its class in the world.



We are presenting in this issue a
Chief letter from A. P. Davis, Chief Engi-

Engineer neer, United States Reclamation

Davis Service, concerning the complaints

Talks of the people of the North Platte

Valley. Mr. Davis contends that
so far as they have any basis, they are founded on
claims of riparian rights, which are directly antagon-
istic to irrigation and have long ago been set aside
by the state laws and the state courts. Mr. Davis
goes into the matter very thoroughly and it will be
worth the while of our readers to go over his letter.



We will present in a future issue an
Elephant article on the Elephant Butte Dam,

Butte located in New Mexico, which is the

Dam largest project of the Reclamation

New Mexico Service. This will create the larg-
est artificial lake of the kind in the
world; the project is now nearing completion. The
Rio Grande Valley of New Mexico is the home of
irrigation in the United States. The first white men
who visited that section, as early in its history as
1536, found the country under a high state of cul-
tivation. It is our plan to tell all about this great
project in our December number.



In a recent communication from
Governor Governor John M. Haines of the

Haines State of Idaho, addressed to the ed-

Answers itor of THE IRRIGATION AGE, we are

Bohm requested to publish an open letter

addressed by the governor to Mr.
Edward Bohm, in reply to his open letter written
for the October number of THE AGE. The governor
takes exceptions to statements made by Mr. Bohm
and we are very glad indeed to reproduce his letter
in this issue.

It is only fair to allow Governor Haines space
for his reply to Mr. Bohm and in this way we trust
that the full facts concerning the Idaho situation
may be placed before our readers. It may not be
out of place to say here, however, that Mr. Bohm,
in his studies of Western conditions, has gone over
the various projects more carefully than any one
in the knowledge of the editor of this publication.
He has spent large sums of money in his investiga-
tions, without hope of return ; in fact, is the only
man in the knowledge of the writer who has spent
much time and money in the study of this subject.
Mr. Bohm is naturally a delver after facts! he has
had some experience in governmental work in the
Census Bureau studying irrigation conditions.



THE IREIGATION AGE.



which no doubt fitted him for some of his later in-
vestigations. Governor Haines takes the attitude
that Mr. Bohm's article is unjust to the officials of
the State of Idaho, who, he states, are attempting
to settle the important questions involved and to
bring order out of chaos. Perhaps the publication
of both sides of the case may be beneficial to all
concerned, and we trust that there may be no de-
sire on the part of either gentleman, other than for
the best good to the greatest number. We shall
be glad at any time in the future to publish other
articles from the pen of either Governor Haines or
Mr. Bohm.



The use to the government of $1,-
Important 000,000 to $2,000,000 the next ten

Trespass years are involved in the case of

Suit the United States against the Utah

Pending Power and Light Company, a $40,-

000,000 merger. The appeal is a
test case, charging the Power Corporation with tres-
pass in constructing a reservoir in the Cache Na-
tional Forest in Utah. Hundreds of similar in-
stances in Mountain and Pacific Coast states await
the determination. This case involves the whole
question of State and Federal control of forests.
THE IRRIGATION AGE hopes the case may be decided
in favor of the United States Government, as it does
not believe that the large power companies through-
out the Inter Mountain and Pacific Coast terri-
tory should be allowed to step in and take over
water power that rightfully belongs to the people.
The AGE has always contended and does still con-
tend that the Forestry Bureau was unfair in its
treatment of small concerns ; in fact, it is well known
that the Forestry Bureau harassed and cramped
small holders and took action against mining con-
cerns with limited capital which hindered their de-
velopment. The AGE is, however, heartily in accord
with any move which will keep the heavy power
companies from taking over what rightfully belongs
to the people. We will watch the result of this case
with much interest.



There were present at the closing: J. S. Den-
nis, assistant to the president and head of the De-
partment of National Resources; W. Nasmythe,
land agent; A. S. Dawson, chief engineer; H. B.
Muckleston, assistant engineer ; H. Sidenius, resi-
dent engineer; and Mr. Fraunhofer, representing the
railway company, and John R. Freeman, consult-
ing engineer, of Providence, R. I.

The Ambursen Hydraulic Construction Com-
pany, of Boston and Montreal, designers and build-
ers of the dam, were represented by W. L. Church,
president ; H. L. Coburn, chief engineer, and G. E.
Heckle, chief engineer of the Canadian Ambursen
Company.

The Ambursen Hydraulic Construction Com-
pany has entered largely into Canadian work and
their success is mainly due to a fine organization of
capable men. The fact that the Canadian Govern-
ment and the leading railways of that country are
employing construction heads and engineers from
the United States speaks well for our schools and
the training of their graduates.



Without announcement or ceremony
American of any kind, at 3 p. m., October 20th,

Engineers the gates were dropped which closed

In the great dam of the Canadian-Pa-

Demand cific Railway on the Bow River at

Bassano, Alberta, completing an irri-
gation system of two million acres, representing
three years' work and many millions of invest-
ment.

The dam is exactly eight thousand feet long
and raises the water fifty-one feet for diversion into
the trunk canal.



The irrigation interests of the San
San Francisco's Joaquin Valley, California, have won
Fight a great victory in the stoppage of

For the Hetch-Hetchey bill in the Sen-

Water ate, where the ways were greased

for its passage. This, as is gener-
ally known, is a San Francisco job pure and simple,
engineered for the power rather than the irrigation
or water rights. San Francisco, it is said, has plenty
of water in sight through extensions of the Spring
Valley Company that must in any event become a
part of its system for the next twenty years. The
real opposition is not the nature lovers ; this is a
blind ; it is the irrigation interests of the Valley.
There are 257,000 acres in the two districts, which
San Francisco agrees to protect, and there is a big
acreage outside which might be irrigated if the
water is not diverted. That is the argument that
no water should be taken from the valley. The
citizens of that district want a special committee
from Congress to go out there and make a personal
inspection before any action is taken. They claim
that the water users of the district are unanimous
against this bill. It is well known that the great
power interests of California and the Pacific coast
generally, are trying to take over all of the water
rights possible to strengthen their position, and
they are doing this regardless of the protests of the
various land holders and ranchmen. It is unreason-
able to expect corporations of this character to
respect the rights of the smaller land holders, but
in the Hetch-Hetchy affair, the settlers are Up in
arms and are ready to fight for their rights and



THE IKRIGATION AGE.



fight to a finish. \Ye will present an article in our
December number from a well known authority
on this subject.



Seventy million dollars have been
Improving expended so far by the Reclamation

Conditions Service since the passage of the law
For in 1902. It is stated that $48,000,000

Settlers additional is now available for use

during the coming four years, every
cent of which will in time be returned to the United
States Treasury. The general supposition is that
this money is to be returned to the Treasury within
a period of ten years. Under recent rulings, how-
ever, that time has been extended to settlers who
have found it difficult to keep up their payments on
certain tracts, and it is hoped that a reasonable ex-
tension may be granted as per the suggestions of
Secretary Lane, after his visit through the West.
There are many farmers who have gone onto land
under Federal projects in the West who have not clear-
ly understood the situation, and who have gone west
with insufficient funds to carry them during the first
two or three years of development oi" their tracts. It is
generally conceded that if these settlers were given
two or three years without payment and allowed to
begin their payments after their land has been put
under cultivation and is producing that it would
be much better for all concerned. This evidently
is the view of Secretary Lane and if it is carried out
on all of the tracts through the West, will meet with
the approval of every one who clearly understands
the situation. It would be much better to give a
settler three years' time in which to get a good start
and then insist on his payments being made regu-
larly thereafter. A man who cannot put his farm in
shape to produce enough to live on and make his
payments at the end of three years, ought not to be
encouraged to remain on the land and should make
way for some one more capable.



Dr. Elwood Mead, the world's fore-
Doctor most irrigation authority, is to be-
Elwood come a member of the University of
Mead California faculty, according to in-
Returns formation received by us recently.

Dr. Mead has been engaged as head
of the irrigation and water divisions of the Victorian
Government in Australia for the past eight or ten
years. His work has been that of installing the
great irrigation system there and he has made good
with the Victorian Government. He left the posi-
tion of Director of the Department of Irrigation In-
vestigations at Washington, to take the position in
Australia, and it is understood that the Victorian
Government has made overtures to retain his serv-



ices, but as Dr. Mead's interests lie mainly in this
country, he decided to accept this honorable posi-
tion with the University of California, and will be-
come active in irrigation affairs immediately upon
his return from the land of the Southern Cross. He
is the author of the World's Standard Volume on
Irrigation, and was formerly connected with the
State University of California and left there to take



Online LibraryFederation of Tree Growing Clubs of AmericaThe Irrigation age (Volume 29) → online text (page 1 of 69)