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problems and conditions of, 229 ff.;
insecurity in, 239^. Seecomitatus.

Contrade (ward societies of Siena),

346-7-

Cosimo (Duke of Florence), 409,
414, 417; acquires Siena, 419-20.

Council (The) of the Bell, 131; exer-
cises sovereign power, 141; re-
duced importance of, 197; hous-
ing of, 294-5, 299; power of
passes to Balia, 399-400.

Count (local ruler), 36-7, 39, 44-5,
47, 55-



INDEX



429



County of Siena, geographical lim-
its, 37-

Cozzarelli, 335.
Croce di Travaglio, 276.
Cruelty (mediaeval), 252-3.

DANTE, and Siena, 115, 124, 152;
as throwing light upon the man-
ners of his day, 151-3; and Fari-
nata, 1 70; and Bocca degli Abba-
ti, 181; and Provenzano and
Salvani, 188; and Henry VII,
200; and highwaymen, 241; and
Capocchio, 257; and Fonte Bran-
da, 303-4; and the game of
Zara, 351; and Cecco Angiolieri,

354-

Democracy, in Italian communes,
68; as basis of the Sienese consti-
tution, 127; its limited character
in Siena, 194 ff.

Divieto (prohibition to export food),
238.

Dodici. See Twelve.

Dodicini. See Twelve and monte.

Dofano, church at, 85.

Dominicans (Order of), 376.

Duccio di Buoninsegna, his life and
works, 310-9.

ECONOMIC decay (of Siena), 225.
Economic policy, of government of

Siena, 237-9.
Emperor, Holy Roman, 32; his

weakness, 33-4.
Episcopatus (diocese), 36.
Etruscans, 4-8.
Ezzelino (lord of Treviso), 253.

FAIRS, of Champagne, 96 ff.; Italians
at, 98; Sienese at, 99; banking at,
106-8.

Famines (in Siena), 210.

Farinata degli Uberti, 170, 178, 185;
saves Florence, 186.

Federighi, 300, 333. _

Feudalism, origin in Italy, 31-2;
characteristics of 33-4; around
Siena, 40-42; emperor upholds,
60; decay of, 204, 229-31; rela-
tions of lords and peasants under
233-4; persistence of, 248.

Feuds (of families in Siena), 208 ff.,
242-3.

Fifteen (The). See Riformatori.



Filippo (Fra) Agazzari, 355.

Florence, consuls of, 52; resists
seizure of Montepulciano by
Siena, 66; and the coinage of
money, 108; commercially jealous
of Siena, 121; wars with Siena,
I49ff-i head of Tuscany, 199, 202,
388; quarrels with pope, 267-9;
and the Renaissance, 326-7; new
ambitions of, 389-92.

Florin (The), 108.

Folgore da San Gimignano, 340,353.

Forteguerri, 40, 61, 237.

Fortini (Pietro), 356.

Fountains: Fonte Branda, 259, 303;
Fonte Nuova, 304; Fonte d'Ovile,
304; Fonte Follonica, 304; Fonte
Gaia, 304-5.

Francesco di Giorgio, 328.

Francis (Saint), in Siena, 70, 376.

Franks, invade Italy, 30; their ad-
ministration, 36.

Frederick I (Emperor), 55, 56.

Frederick II (Emperor), 168-9, 170,
374-

GAIXJANO (San), his life, 362-3.

Galgano (San), history of abbey of,
362 ff.; services to Siena, 373-4;
decay of, 380 ff.

Gambling, 349-5*-

Games (Sienese), jousting, 338-40;
elmora, 341-2; pugna, 342-4, 4*75
pallone, 344, 417; polio, 344-7.

Gastald, a Lombard official, 20-21,
47, 88.

Gates of Siena). See porta.

General Council. See Council of the
Bell.

Gentiluomini. See grandi and monte.

Ghibellines, 136, 137, 155, 169;
their triumph (1260), 185-6; ex-
cluded from office, 196.

Ghiberti (Lorenzo), 358-60.

Ghino di Tacco, 241.

Gian Galeazzo (lord of Milan),
390-2.

Giordano, Count of San Severino,
173, 176; commander-in-chief at
Montaperti, 178; enters Florence,
185; identifies the body of Man-
fred, 187.

Giotto, renews painting, 313-4, 319.

Giovanni Colombini (The Blessed),
256.



430



INDEX



Giovanni (San), d'Asso, 61, 236-7.

Godipert, judge of Siena, killed by
the Aretines, 23.

Grande mortalita (1348), 208,2 10-11,
299.

Grandi, 69, 70, 133; excluded from
office, 138-9, 193; in revolution
(1355), 213-5; t heir wa y of u ' vin g>
278-9; Pius II labors in behalf of,
394-6.

Gregory IX (Pope), 268; returns to
Rome, 270.

Grosseto, capture by Siena, 122-3;
in revolt, 173; under the Nine, 203,
231.

Guelphs, 136, 137, 169; Florence as
head of, 155, 172, 199; their tri-
umph "in Tuscany, 190; their
triumph in Siena, 197, 199.

Guidi (The), 155, 156, 157, 161, 185.

Guido da Siena, 311, 312.

Guidoriccio da Fogliano, 321.

Guilds, origin in Siena, 114; the
wool guild, 114-5; regulations as
to, 1 1 6; their weakness, 117;
merchant guild in control, 195-6;
small guilds against Nine, 205-7;
guilds under the Twelve, 216-7;
decay of wool guild, 226-7; signifi-
cance of, 281.

HAWKWOOD, SIR JOHN, 247, 378-9.

Henry II (King of France), ally of
Siena, 409.

Henry III (Emperor), issues di-
ploma to Bishop of Siena, 42-3.

Henry VI (Emperor), grants charter
to Siena, 56-7; effect in Tuscany
of death, 64, 158; protects San
Galgano, 364.

Henry VII (Emperor), comes to
Italy (1310), 200; before Siena,
201-2.

Heresy, in Siena, 256-7.

Hohenstaufen (The), 136, 171, 191.

Hospital (Sienese) of the Scala, 90-2;
during siege (1555), 416.

IMMUNITIES, episcopal, 32-3, 41; of

bishop of Siena, 42^".
Innocent III (Pope), protects San

Galgano, 365.
Inquisition (in Siena), 258.
Interdict, against Siena, 111-2;

against Florence, 268.



Italian race, origin of, 28-9.

Italy, Union of, 29-30, 249, 421;
political development of in four-
teenth century, 388; threatened
by France and Spain, 396; invaded
by France and Spain, 401, 408.

JACOPO DELLA QUERCIA, fountain of
305, 327; as innovator, 332-3.

Jerome St., laments the capture of
Rome, 12.

Julius II (Pope), 380.

Justice, organization of in Siena,
146-7.

LADY (Our) of Mid-August. See

Virgin.

Libra di Montaperti, 165.
Lira (property tax), 148.
Liutprand, king of the Lombards,

24, 27.

Lodo (The) of 1203, 154, 159.
Loggia della Mercanzia, 307; of the

Piccolomini, 307.
Lombards, coming of, 14, 15; extent

of conquests in Italy, 16-7;

Roman institutions and, 18-9;

their administration, 20-1; Latin-

ization of, 26-7; fail to effect

Italian unity, 29-30.
Lombardy, revolt of cities against

emperor, 55.
Lorenzetti (Pietro and Ambrogio),

their work, 322-5.
Lucca, acquires charter from Henry

IV, 58-

Lupertianus, bishop of Arezzo, 22-3.
Lysippus, statue by, 359-60.

MACCHIAVELLI, 400, 401.

Maconi (Stefano), 265.

Magna Tavola, 112-3.

Maitano (Lorenzo di), 286, 332.

Malavolti, their feud with the Pic-
colomini, 208-9.

Manenti, 40, 61.

Manfred, 171; and Siena, 172-3;
opposed by Charles of Anjou, 186-

7-
Mangia (la torre del), history of, 297-

8.

Marciano (battle of), 412.
Maremma, in revolt, 172, 173.
Maria (Santa) della Scala. See

Hospital.



INDEX



431



Marignano (Marquis of), commands
Spaniards (1554-5). 400-19-

Masaccio, 327.

Matteo di Giovanni, 328, 329.

Matthew Paris, denounces the Ital-
ian bankers, 101.

Maurus, early bishop of Siena, 21,22.

Medici (Cosimo de'), 398, 400, 404.

Medici (The), acquire Siena, 410-20.

Mezza genie (of Siena), 192-3; in
political control, 195-6.

Memmi (Lippo), designer of crown
of the Mangia, 298.

Milites, 132, 166, 339.

Monasteries (Sienese), II Monistero,
88; Sant' Antimo, 41, 88; San
Salvatore, 42, 61, 88; San Gal-
gano, oo, 362 ff.; Lececto, 90;
San Franceso, 90; San Domenico,
oo; Pontignano, 90.

Monluc (Blaise de), governor of
Siena, 411-9.

Montalcino, its capture (1202), 66,
159; siege (1260), 175; its capt-
ure (1260), 184; Sienese Republic
in, 418, 420.

Montaperti (Battle of), ,179^.

Monte, defined, 216; the monti of the
fourteenth century, 216, 220; the
monte del Popolo, 224; monti of the
fifteenth century, 393-5; ascend-
ency of the Noveschi, 397-405.

Monte Amiata, 203, 231.

Monte Maggio, 156.

Montemassi, 203, 321.

Monte Oliveto, 255.

Montepulciano, quarrel over, 66,
159-60; attack on by Siena (1207),
161; attack (1229), 162, 164;
captured (1260), 175; captured
(1261), 184; under the Nine, 203;
in revolt (1357), 217; revolt of
(1387). 390-1.

NEROCCIO DI LANDI, 328, 329.
Nicholas, Count of Rocca, 230-1,

233-

Nine (The), origin of, 137; policy of
137-8; basis of power, 193 ff.;
foreign policy of, 198-200; do-
mestic relations of, 204 ff.; merits
of, 212-3; fall of (1355), 213-4;
and the cathedral, 285, 287; and
Duccio, 316; frescoes in chamber
of, 322-5.



Nobles (of Siena). See grandi.
Nave (I). See Nine.
Noveschi. See Nine and monte.

ORDER of Penance, joined by
Saint Catherine, 260-1.

Orvieto, cathedral of, 292; sculp-
tures at, 332.

Otto I, king of Germany, conquers
Italy, 32.

Ovile (a quarter of Siena), 206, 223,
226.

PALACES: Palazzo Pubblico, his-
tory of, 293^7".; Palazzo Tolomei,
302; Palazzo Sansedoni, 302;
Palazzo Salimbeni, 302; Palazzo
GrottaneUi, 302; Palazzo Buon-
signori, 302; Palazzo Saracini,
302; Palazzo Piccolomini, 307;
Palazzo Spannocchi, 307; Palazzo
Nerucci, 307.

Polio (The), 344-7.

Pallone. See games.

Pannochieschi, 40.

Parish, as unit of administration, 47.

Parlamentum, 54, 130.

Pazzi (Jacopo dei) at Montaperti,
181.

Peasants, their share in overthrow of
nobility, 2325; their condition,
232-3; their burdens under city
rule, 237/.

Pedites, 132, 166.

Petrucci (Pandolfo), career of, 398-
404.

Petrucci (The), their failure as a
family, 404.

Philip II (King of Spain), surrenders
Siena to Cosimo, 419-20.

Piccolomini (The), their feud with
the Malavolti, 208-9; reinstate-
ment of, 395. See Pius II.

Pier Pettignano, 254-5.

Pietro (Lando di), 286, 334.

Pisa, acquires charter from Henry
IV, 58; architecture of, 290; con-
quered by Florence, 392; revolts,
402.

Pisano (Giovanni), 285, 288, 331.

Pisano (Niccol6), 284, 330-1.

Pius II (Pope), canonizes Saint
Catherine, 272; a great builder,
307; as novelist, 356; as human-
ist, 357; his Sienese policy, 392-6.



432



INDEX



Plebs (pieve), 47-8.

Poggibonsi, 157-9.

Pope, frustates Italian unity. 30;
temporal aspirations, 31; a bank-
ing power, 100; at Avignon, 262.

Popolo (il), of Siena, 70, 133. See
societas popoli senensis.

Popolo minuto (il), 220.

Populus (a city parish), 48.

Porta: Porta Santo Viene, 84, 183,
306; Porta de' Pispini (same as
Santo Viene); Porta Camellia,
besieged, 156, 163; encounter be-
fore (1260), 174; Antiporta of,
306; battle before (1526), 405;
Porta Romana, 306; general im-
pression of gates, 305.

Potesta, 67; origin of in Siena, 67,
133; his powers, 142-4.

Poveri Gesuati, founded, 256.

Prison (of Siena), 299.

Provenzano Salvani, 188-9, 2 95-

Proweditori. See Biccherna.

Provisino (coin), 107.

Pugna. See games.

RAPPRESAGLIE, 118-9.

Renaissance, effect on Sienese archi-
tecture, 307; resistance to by
Sienese, 327; slow progress of,
357-9; effect on fate of San Gal-
gano, 379-80.

Riformatori, their origin, 220; their
rule, 221-4; attempt to heal local
feuds, 222.

Rocca di Tintinnano, 230, 233, 234,
235; in hands of Salimbeni, 236,
243; capture of 244.

Roman Institutions, in Lombard
period, 18-9.

Roman Law, its revival, 38, 147.

Rossetti (Dante Gabriel), 340, 353,
354-

Sacre rappresentazioni, 352.

Salimbeni (The), 99, 139, 177; their
feud with the Tolomei, 208-9, 2I 9>
242-3; allied with the Dodicini,
219-20; acquire castles, 220, 236,
237, 243; and Charles IV, 221-2;
their wars with Siena, 243-4.

Salimbene (Fra) of Parma, 150, 151;
on religious enthusiasm, 251.

Salvatore San (Monastery), 42, 61.

Sano di Pietro, 328.



Santa Fiora, 204, 231.

Santa Fiora, Count Jacopo of, 204.

Scabini, 37-8.

Schism (The Great), 271.

Self-government, origin of in cities,
47 ff.; in Siena by charter of Henry
VI, 60; working out of in Siena, 1 27.

Sermini (Gentile), 356.

Siena, situation of, 2-4; an Etruscan
settlement, 4-8; a Roman colony,
8-15; mediaeval rebirth of, 15 ff.;
struggle against feudal system, 35;
early voluntary associations in, 46;
relations of with emperor, 56; ob-
tains charter from Henry VI, 57;
wars with Florence, 149^".; turns
Guelph, 190, 192; and the feudal
nobles, 234-5; and the bankers,
236-7; and Saint Catherine, 272-
4; mediaeval divisions of, 276 ff.;
and San Galgano, 373jf.; new wars
with Florence, 389-92, 397; sub-
mits to the Visconti, 390-2; new
domestic broils, 393-5, 398-9,
405-6; and Pandolfo Petrucci,
398-404; siege of, 408 /.

Simone Martini, work of, 320-2.

Soarzi, 40, 61.

Societas populi senensis, plans to
overthrow the nobles, 132; its
progress, 133-5; excludes nobles,
139; its victory partial, 194.

Sodoma, and chapel of Saint Cath-
erine, 273.

Sorore, mythical founders of Sienese
hospital, 92 (note).

Sozzini (Alessandro), eye-witness of
siege, 407, 411.

Sport. See games.

Stefano di Giovanni (Sassetta), 328.

Strozzi (Piero), commands at Siena,
409-12.

Submissions (feudal) to Siena, 61, 63,

79, 158-
Superstition (in Siena), 257.

TACITUS, narrates a Sienese incident,

9-

Tagliacozzo (Battle of), 188.

Taipert, gastald of Siena, 21, 22, 23.

Talamone, acquired by Siena, 124.

Terzi (The) of Siena, 141, 165, 276;
rivalry of, 342, 343,

Thirteen Guardians of the Constitu-
tion (/ Tredici Emendatori), 142.



INDEX



433



Tolomei (The), 99, 112, 139; against

the Nine, 205, 206; feud with the

Salimbeni, 208-9, 2I 9. 242-3; the

Blessed Bernardo, 255.
Tuldo (Niccol6), 265-6.
Tuscany, physical character, 1-2.
Twelve (The), in control, 214-5;

their despicable rule, 218-9; an< ^

the cathedral, 287.
Twenty-four (The), 134-5, 177^8;

their fall, 190; and the cathedral,

283.
Tyrant (The), explanation of, 390;

in Siena, 398-404.

UBERTI. See Farinata.
Uguccione della Faggiuola, 202.
University (of Siena), 357-8.
Urban VI (Pope), elected, 271.
Usury, 102-4; in Siena, 105-6.



VAL DI CHIANA, war in, 408, 412.

Val d'Orcia, war in, 243-4.

Vanni (Andrea), 273, 326.

Vasari (Giorgio), on painting, 313.

Via francigena, 120, 156.

Virgin (The), worship of in Siena,
77; the festival of on the i5th of
August, 77^".; Siena dedicates her-
self to, 8 1 ff.; games in honor of,
345-7; renewed dedications, 405,
407.

Volterra (bishop of), founds San
Galgano, 362-4; loses power, 374-

5-

Visconti, 205; Gian Galeazzo, 390-
2.

WERNER VON URSLINGEN, 245.
Zara (game of chance), 351.



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Online LibraryFerdinand SchevillSiena, the history of a mediaeval commune → online text (page 32 of 32)