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PRICE -TEN- CENTO -



N&VY9RK CITX



VENETIAN IRON WORK.



TO



' ' Saggio fanciullo <? chi conosce
il suo vero padre."



Italian Proverb.



VENETIAN IRON WORK



A MANUAL OF INSTRUCTION



ILLUSTRATED



NEW YORK

A. J. WEED & Co.

1893



COPYRIGHT BY

A. J. WEED & CO.

1893

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED



PRESS OF

H. R. ELLIOT & CO.

NEW YORK.



Venetian Iron Work.




"An appearance of
delicacy, and men of
fragility, is almost es-
sential to beauty."



*:sss U P to the ci se f the iast

eariy\oriain century, in Italy, as in no other

and develop-

ment. country, had the art of working

in iron attained such a high degree of beauty
and perfection ; and especially in the rival
cities of Florence and Venice ; where the
liberal and powerful influence of the reigning
ducal families fostered with its patronage the



2O65G59



Venetian Iron Work.



trades and arts. We see to-day, in Venice
more particularly, evidences of such mar-
velous skill and cunning of the iron-smith,
that the origin of the name, Venetian Iron
Work, is apparent. For a long, long time the
art was a mystery, impenetrable as to methods;
for each guild of iron workers guarded it?
secrets with exceeding jealousy, transmitting
only from father to son, through
generations, the recondite treas-
ures of accumulated skill and
experience.

With the growth of the
present century, however,
has come diffusion of
knowledge in all the arts,
trades and sciences. To-
day, with our liberal
ideas of education and
enlightenment such con-
cealment of the Cause
of the Beautiful, as
practiced by the arti-
ficers of olden times, is
no longer possible. In
the present time we have
not only the patron of
art ; we have liberal
endowers of colleges
and universities ; we
have noble and philan-
thropic men who are




Venetian Iron Work.



founding every year
trade schools and in-
stitutes; and we have
a keen commercial
spirit, which recog-
nizes that the spread-
ing abroad, far and
wide, of the merits and
beauty of a Good 1 Thing, is
more to be desired, from all
points of view, than the hiding of
a light under a bushel.

The Venetian iron-smith, while per-
petuating his trade in secret, has failed to
give to the world much that is beautiful in
his art, and just because of this selfsame
secrecy ; for to-day we profit by the ideas and
inventions of many minds, all centred on the
same point. The beneficent workings of our
modern patent laws do not permit of con-
cealments for a longer time than a specified
period long enough to enable the inventor
to reap the reward of his
thoughtful intelligence,
and of very short dura-
tion as compared with
the centuries through
which the old-time
guilds of master work-
men kept theirj secrets
from the world.





FIG. 3.



Venetian Iron Work.



FIG. 5.




The state
of the art
as prac-
ticed in
modern
times.



The

designers and makers
of this modern Vene-
tian iron work, A. J. Weed & Co.,
New York, are now laying the re-
sults of their labor and skill be-
fore all lovers of art. Few can
appreciate until they know the
facts and make a trial, with what
ease and with what pleasure this
iron work may be produced at home, with
the proper materials and the few neces-
sary tools. It throws open an unlimited field
for artistic exploration and expression, and
particularly in the way of home decora-
tions. It may be made to gratify not only
the artistic sense, but for remuneration as
well. Venetian iron work is fascinating in
the extreme ; and, in time, is destined to be-
come a more favorite occupation than re-
pousse work, better known than was Mac-
rame lace making, more widespread than
scroll sawing or fret work and more popular
than either or all combined ever were ; and
for the simple reasons that it is an easier art
to master, and because the possibilities and




FIG. 6.



Venetian Iron Work,




FIG. 7 .



adaptations are far greater than any of the
fads of the last decade. The object of this



Venetian Iron Work.




List and
prices of
Tools on
page 22.



little book is to show how the first steps may
be taken, and some of the many things that
may be accomplished with a very small out-
lay of money and a little time and persevering
attention. While the necessary
tools shall be mentioned later on,
in connection with materials, de-
signs and practical hints, suffice it
to say that Yankee ingenuity has planned
certain mechanical devices whereby the
Venetians are outdone, and their art perfected
and perpetuated.

The present enlarged and revised manual
is a natural growth, by reason of the success
of a former small and incomplete pamphlet ;
and its superiority over the old "circular"
shows the increasing success of the art and
its number of patrons.
It is as logical an
evolution from the
pamphlet as was the
first circular from the
" word to mouth "
hints and instructions
by which a few friends
spread their discov-
ery of this modern-




FIG. 9.



Venetian Iron Work.



ized beautiful art
and its methods to
other friends, and
they in turn to
others.

" Experience is the best
teacher."

Old Proverb.

Our position in thus plac-
ing before our friends our ac-
cumulated experience is unique;
for we confidently believe that the
Old Proverb is a truthful saying. It
is our aim to provide the proper ma-
terials and the proper tools with which
to work, and the needful instructions
which latter, let us say right here, are the
least necessary, strange as it may seem.
Only let a novice hold in his or her hands
(for it appeals equally to art loving men
and women, to profit seeking boys and girls,
to old or young in search of light and pleas-
ant occupation) let even an utter novice we
say, hold a piece of the finished work in
the hand, and its extreme simplicity and ex-
quisite beauty are at once apparent. The
" know how " is really the least of all ; and
a few hours of practice, with the proper
tools and materials, will produce most mar-
velous results. The old Venetian artificer,
with his forge and fire, his welding tools




Venetian Iron Work.



and compounds and all his secrets, turns un-
easily in his grave. Vulcan himself, the god
of fire, who presided over the working of
metals in his subterranean cavern at the heart
of Mount ^itna, nods approvingly * * *
and this * * * the result of nineteenth
century knowledge, and of having at hand
iron, especially prepared, and
cunningly devised tools, made
for the very purpose.



We have in our portfolios
so many designs that it will
be impossible to show
them all. We are contin-
ually adding them to our
store, simple, chaste and
elegant. We present in
<Tust these pages a few of them
a very few selected,
not particularly for their
beauty, but for the pur-
pose of best showing the
peculiarity and simplicity
of the Venetian iron work,
(the constant recurrence
of simple isolated curves
and lines) and also some
of the adaptations of the
finished work as the
means of beautifying our




Venetian Iron Work.




homes. Some simple designs, suited for
the beginner, are furnished with each box of
tools and iron ; and extra drawings, made
full size, may be had on application at moder-
ate charges. The advantage of full size
working drawings will be appreciated by the
worker in our Venetian iron , each curve may
be made and fitted exactly on the plan ; in-
suring thereby a precision and symmetry pos-
sible otherwise only after some experience.
Further and more complete information con-
cerning our designs will be found in each box
containing outfit of tools.

For those who as beginners do not trust
themselves and their ability to turn out
symmetrical work for those who lack the
gift of patience for those who wish to dis-
pense with the monotony or drudgery of
making, bending, twisting, turning, twisting,
bending, bending the great number of parts
needed to fill in a design of any size for
those who may be ambitious to make their
own designs for all these, and for all others



10



Venetian Iron Work.



too, for that matter, we make up the separate
designs in various sizes as shown on page 20.
To designers especially we recommend our
finished parts; accurate, symmetrical, ma-
chine made, each of its kind like all the others
of the same size and style. Who
and T prices nas not been charmed by a simple
of ready kaleidoscope ? Select a handful

made parts

see page of one or of several primary de-
signs, and arrange them even
thoughtlessly on the work bench ; and a pat-
tern immediately suggests itself. Now shift
them around a bit add a design here and
there take away a piece or two, and behold !
a new design of added beauty and elegance.
Our main object, however, in furnishing the
made-up parts is to place the art of Venetian
iron work before
the world in its
very simplest form
so that it may
be practiced by all
sorts and condi-
tions of men and
women, and even
children.

It is of utmost
importance that
the separate parts
of a design be fas-
tened together
most firmly and




Venetian Iron Work.



ii




FIG. 14.



securely ; this not
only preventing
the pieces from
sliding on each
other, and thus
destroying the
general symmetry,
but adding to the

neat appearance of the finished work by hav-
ing all the fastenings clinched evenly and
nicely, and not standing at unequal heights
above the work. Such precision is much
to be desired ; and can only be accomplished
by the use of our system of binding, and our
patent binding tool. By employing this sys-
tem (on which we have patents pending) the
results which are attained will be readily
appreciated by the beginner. In fact the only
other method available would be the use of
the pinchers or pliers, which of necessity
would make very uneven and loose binding,
. . an effect both trying to the

Description

of the special patience of the worker and

Itl nil i nil tool, . , ,

which lif/ht- ruinous to the beauty, strength
nn"ati b sso and durability of the finished
much to the work. Our patent binding tool

strength and .

beauty of fin- is constructed of the best ma-

ished work. , T,, , , ,

tenals. The standard is of
machinery steel, case-hardened, and the work-
ing parts are of the best quality of tool steel.
In our set A (of tools and materials) the
lower end of the standard is designed to be

FIG. 15.




12



Venetian Iron Work.




FIG. 16.



clamped in the vise. In set B
and C, the tool stands on a firm
square base, which may be
screwed down to the workbench,
and is also provided with a small
detachable table an indis-
pensable accessory for the
advanced worker, and in-
tended especially for flat
work, of which the great
majority of designs consist.
For irregular patterns, of
which our Bowl Holder
design may be selected as a
type, the table may be in-
stantly removed.




Spread out the
design sheet on
the work bench
and lay each de-
tached piece of
iron work in its
proper position
over the design,
using the steel clasp pins to fasten together
several pieces temporarily. Care should be
used to place the pins at the exact points of
the intersection of the curves, for if placed
too far on either side of that point, the pieces
will tend to rock on each other, thereby



Venetian Iron Work.






anvil.



forcing them out of position. Now lay the
work on the table of the tool, remove one of

the pins, and slip a binder into
/tor r *uin place, letting its back rest against
ng t h e ste el guide pin, while the

lower end is supported by the
Place the upper
punch over the guide pin,
with its projection resting
on the upper end of the
binder, and with a few light
taps of the hammer close
the ends firmly. Now re-
move the next pin and bind
again, and so on until all
the joints are secured.
With the steel clasp pins
fasten together another and
another set of pieces and
bind securely as described ;
and finally bind these sets
together, and the design is
complete. This tool is in-
tended to fasten two strips
only. It will sometimes be
found desirable to fasten
three or more, in which
case make with the flat
pliers from the narrow
strips furnished with
each set, a special binder
with ends just a fraction



KIG. 17.







Venetian Iron Work.



FIG. 18.



longer ^ part of an inch for each extra strip.
The tool may then be used just to start the
bend, which must be completed with the
pliers. We can supply a special tool to bind
three, four or more thicknesses at the same
price as the regular tool. On very close work
it will sometimes be necessary to bend the
curve of a piece out of place while the binder is
fastened on ; after which it may be bent back
again to its proper position. Always use the
round nose plier for this work. Keep in
mind at all times the
position from which the
work is to be viewed
when complete, and in
binding together let the
ends of the binders close
on the back of the strips
of iron, where their
joints will show the
least.

Our bending and
forming tool will be
found very useful in
making all sizes
of curves, being
arranged in semi-
circular shape,
with half circles
of different radii.
The back of this
tool is hollowed




':



Venetian Iron Work.




out to admit the curled end of
the strip. To make these, the
ends of the strip are first
curved with the round nose
pliers, after which the piece is
finished by bending around
the proper size form, until the
desired shape is obtained.
Much of the work on the
forming tool, while exceed-
ingly easy, is tedious because
of its simplicity and may be
entirely dispensed with by using our ready-
made primary designs.

The reader will note that most
a^aboufih^e of the designs illustrated in this

o/Yraml d little b k consist of g r O u PS of

primary figures artistically ar-
ranged, either around a rigid backbone, or
within a stiff framework, of wrought iron.
While not in all cases an absolute necessity,
these frames give a firmness and stability
which will keep the Venetian iron work

in proper
shape for
years ; pos-
itively in-
FIG - 20 - suring in-

destructibility (with ordinary usage and
care). In decorating odd corners here and
there around the woodwork of doors, win-
dows, writing desks, book -cases or screens, in



FIG. IQ.




i6



Venetian Iron Work.




fact wherever there is a corner, in which a
design may be firmly set, the wrought iron
frame may be dispensed with. The firmness
imparted to the entire design by the " Weed "
binders makes the following possible : simply
punch a hole in each curve where it touches
the woodwork, and at that point fasten with
a small nail or rivet. Our antique black paint
is of greatest importance in giving to the
work a finished appearance ; in fact, it im-
proves the looks of any piece a hundred per
cent, when two or three coats are laid on.
Full directions for using accompany each can.
The use of our antique black paint applies
of course, strictly to the iron work. For
those who wish to produce various
effects, we furnish also strips of
copper, of rich red color, brass,




Venetian Iron Work.



of golden yellow hue, and the new metal
Aluminum, with its beautiful silvery sheen.
The advanced worker will find unlimited
opportunities either for making designs
entirely composed of iron, copper, brass
or aluminum, or of combining two, three or
even all in the same piece. In a grille, for
instance, if the central design be of red hued
copper, how charming is the contrast between
it and a border of the dead black iron work, or
the contrast between a centre design of alumi-
num and a border of either brass or copper.





1 8 Venetian Iron Work.




PRICES OF WROUGHT IRON FRAMES.

Postage

and
BRACKETS, for a design sVj x 6 packing.

3 styles. Figs. 3, 10, 13 each .50 .10

For a design 8 x 8 ' .65 .10

These are drilled for screw holes to fasten against wall

or woodwork.
BACKBONES, for candle sticks, or any

4 winged upright piece 2^4, 3, 4 or

5' long.-. each .15 .05

8* and 12" long " 20 .05

These are made with a projecting rivet on each end, for
the purpose of inserting through a hole punched in the
strips of iron; when a few taps of the hammer will
clinch them firmly.

HOOKS, double ended, useful for a con-
necting link between the hook on a
bracket and any swinging design
(a hanging lamp or lantern, bird
cage, vase holder or flower pot
holder). Several may be linked to-
gether to make a chain of the de-
sired length. Designed for any 2
or 4 winged pattern. Distance be-
tween hooks i}4. 2 i 3 and 5* each .15 .03



Venetian Iron IVork. 19

PRICES OF WROUGHT IRON FRAMES.

RECTANGULAR GRILLE FRAMES, p'ain,
for doorways or windows, ordinary

sizes, (Fig. 4, 8, 12, 14) each .75 express

For extra wide windows, doorways, and for rounded
doorways, we make to order.

FIRE SCREEN FRAMES, plain, with legs, each 1.25 express

FOLDING SCREEN FRAMES, (Fig. 23)....

spanels 3.75 "

2 " 3.00 "

LAMP STANDARDS, to hold lamp bowl,
6%' diameter; 2 styles, 18" and 20"
high 4.00

HANGING HALL LANTERN FRAME. 21"
long. 4 sided, 5x8, ruby glass, for
any lamp with 4' bowl 4.00 "

SMALL HANGING LANTERN FRAME, ruby

glass 2.00 "

Brass brackets, frames, backbones, hooks, grille frames,
etc., cost twice the price of the wrought iron. Copper
frames, 10% more than brass. Frames for designs in
aluminum (of silverplated brass) 2o)t more than the
plain brass. We are prepared to make to order for our
friends any special size or design of frame, in iron,
brass or copper. Favor us with a rough sketch, with
measurements, and we will cheerfully submit estimates.
STRIPS of Venetian iron 54" per package 50 ft. .20 express

' ' W " " 2 5 ft. .05 .05

" " brass J4" " " 10 f t. .10 .05

" " copper %,' " " 10 ft. .10 .05

" " aluminum J4" " 5 ft. .10 .03

Assorted package of brass, copper and

aluminum as above 25 .10

BINDERS, iron, for either &' or %' strips per

100 .. .05 .03

" Brass or copper for &' strips per 100 .10 .03
" Aluminum, for 54" strips per 100 . . . .15 .03



Venetian Iron Work.



yvwir



MACHINE MADE PRIMARY DESIGNS.

Postage
and
packing.


Twos,


size


* 1 A'


2*


2^4"








per doz.


.10


.10


IS




05




per ioo


.60


75


I.OO




.20


Arrows,


size


2"


i!4'


3 1 /*'








per doz.


15


15


.20




.08




per ioo


I.OO


i 25


1.40




25


Eyes,


size


I 1 /*'


2*


a'/i"








per doz.


.10


.IO


IS




.05




per ioo


.60


75


I.OO




.20


Circles,


size


i'a'


2'


2ii'


3*






per doz.


.10


.10


15


'5


.05




per ioo


.60


75


I.OO


1.25


.20


Hearts,


size


K"


1%


2*








per doz.


.10


.10


'5




05




per ioo


.60


75


I.OO




.20


Esses,


size


i"


i54"


2*


3*






per doz.




.10


15


'5


5




per ioo




75


I.OO


1-25


.20


Esses,


size


2*


2*'


3'


4*




unequal


per doz.


.IO


.12


IS


.20


.08


ends,


per ioo


.60


.80


I.OO


1.60


.25


Sixes,


size


I*


i54"


2"


3"






per doz.


.05


.07


.10




.05




per ioo


35


5


.70


.90


20.


Cees,


size


1


* 1 A'


2*


3'






per doz.




.10


'5


15


.05




per ioo




75


I.OO


1-25


.20


Double Nines, size 254*


3"


4"








per doz.


IS


IS


.20




.08




per ioo


I.OO


1-25


1.40




25


Assorted package of
Ten styles, different


ioo pieces,
sizes,


of the above


.50 .25


Twisted


p


pr font


-


f, ft. for




.25 .05


Fluted. .




-OC *' '*


.25 .05


Deeo Flut


ed " b? " "


.2? .0?



Grecian Border, i in. square, per foot, .15, 2 ft. for .25
<' iV4 " " " " .20, 3 ft. for .50

Half twisted, punched for rivet holes,



for i
for



in. squares
in.



per foot, . 10, 3 ft. for .25 .05



foot, .10, 3 ft. for .25 .05



Assorted package of 10 ft., of above 6 styles and

sizes ....................................... 60



Venetian Iron Work. 21

SUNDRY SUPPLIES.

SPRING CLASP PINS each, .05, per doz. .50 .04

GRILLE FASTENERS, useful for strapping frames
or brackets to woodwork, when drilled holes
are not desirable. Per doz. .10 .05

RIVETS, size of punch, useful for fastening frame-
less designs to woodwork, and for riveting
half twists, etc., etc. Per pkge, .10. .05

CANDLE SHADES. See figures 2, n, 17, each .25,

.35 and .50, .05

We have a gieat variety of shades, of the .50
grade, of every conceivable shape and color.
Shades sent on approval on receipt of price
and postage.

EXTENSION SHADE HOLDERS, each .20, per pair .35 .05

BOWLS, as shown in design, Fig. 9. .60 .20

FAIRY LAMP, per design, Fig, 18. i.oo .20

CANDLES FOR FAIRY LAMPS, per dozen, .75 .10

CANDLESTICK BOBECHES, each .05, per doz. .50 .05

EXTINGUISHERS, made up as in design Fig. n. .15
2 for .25 .05

For the convenience of our customers we
put up the necessary tools and materials for
making our Venetian iron work, in sets, vary-
ing in completeness according to the needs




FIG. 25.



of the buyer. Set A is the beginner's outfit ;
and contains all that is really necessary. In
Set B the tools are of a better grade, and
there are added several other appliances which
will be found very handy, besides a greater
amount of materials to work with. In our
Set C will be found tools of the very best
quality of steel, and everything as complete
as our experience has made it possible.



22 Venetian Iron Work.



PRICE LIST OF TOOLS AND MATERIALS.



Set A.


Postage
and
SetB. Set C. packing.


The Weed Patent Binding






Tool for vise i.oo




.15


With separate base


1-25


1.25 .20


Polished hard wood table




.25 .10


The Weed Forming Tool 25


25


.25 .10


Vise 40


5


.60 express


Iron Shears 50


5


.70 .10


Cutting plier


.60


i.oo .06


Square nose plier 20


30


.40 .05


Round " " 30


.40


5 -5


Tape measure 10


.10


.10 .02


Scissors




.20 .02


Antique Paint (special) 50


5


.50 express


Paint Brushes (per set, 3) 20


.20


.20 .02


Hooks .15


2, .30


4, .60 each .01


Backbones (for candlesticks).. .15


2, .30


4, .60 " .02


Bracket Frame


50


.50 " .1


" " large




.65 " .10


Package of iron strips, M 20


.20


.20 express


" " " Ya


S


.05 .10


'' " brass " %,


.IO


.05


" ass'd br. cop & al, ^




.25 .10


" of iron Binders, for J4 .05


05


.05 -03


" Ya


s


,05 .02


Sample of Brass Binders, for J4 ...


.05


.01


" ass'd br. cop & al, " }4 ...




.15 .03


Wire, per spool iron 05


.05


.05 .04


" " " brass


.15


IS b4


" " " copper




.15 .04



Spring clasp pins 2, .10 6, .30 12, soprdz .10

Candlestick Bobeches 2, .10 4, 20 " .05

Extinguishers 2, .25 4, 50 each .03

Candle shades 2, .50 4, i.oo " .05

Extension shade holders 2, .35 4, .7oprpros

Notching File. ... .20 .05

Light machinists' hammer ... .50 .15

Steel punch ... .25 .04

Lead punch block ... .10 .10

Package of rivets ... .TO .02

" " grille fasteners ... .10 .02

Price per set with tools and
materials as indicated
above A 3.50 B 6.00 C 10.00 exp.



Venetian Iron Work. 23

In all cases where articles are marked
" express," the expense of forwarding is to
be paid by the customer. In ordering goods
to be sent by mail, remittances should include
the cost of postage. Stamps taken in small
amounts.

Make remittances by postal note, post-
office or express money order. Register
letters containing remittances for extra secu-
rity. Goods may also be ordered to be sent
C. O. D. Always specify the express route.



A. J. WEED & CO.,
106-108 Liberty Street,
New York.






1

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