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Fernandez C. Holliday.

Indiana Methodism : being an account of the introduction, progress, and present position of Methodism in the State; and also a history of the literary institutions under the care of the church, with s online

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tem equal to the most advanced States in the Union.
He personally visited most of the counties in the state,
made explanations, and answered objections. He worked
diligently and conscientiously; but the measure and value
of his success can not be easily determined, for the decis-
ions of the Supreme Court, and acts of succeeding Legis-
latures, in accordance with them, and to satisfy local
prejudices, overthrew, for the time being, the most marked
features of the law, and the ones to the development of
which he had directed his chief efforts.

Li 1854, Mr. Larrabee was defeated for a re-election,
owing to intense political excitement, and the defeat of
the State ticket on which his name was placed. In 1856,
he was elected to a second term. The school system
was still staggering under the blows of the Supreme
Court, and consequent modifications of the School Law,
and the results so fondly anticipated and earnestly la-
bored for by Professor Larrabee were not realized. He
retired from office in January, 1859, and, notwithstanding
he failed to see the fruit of his labors as a general su-
erintendent, as he desired, the results of his labors are
yet seen ; and the system of public schools inaugurated
by him are now the pride and glory of the State.

Professor Larrabee commenced preaching in 1821,
and became a member of the Conference in 1832. He
was an instructive and entertaining preacher; but his



INDIANA METHODISM. 289

great life-work, and that for which he will be chiefly re-
membered, is that of an educator. At the time of Pro-
fessor Larrabee's death, there were more men in prom-
inent positions who had received their education in
whole or in part from him than from any other educator
in the Methodist Church. Professor Larrabee contrib-
uted to the literature, as well as to the scholarship
of the Church. His " Scientific Evidences of Natural
and Revealed Religion," composed chiefly of such of his
college lectures as bore on that subject, was published
during his connection with Asbury University. Also,
"Wesley and his Coadjutors," and "Asbury and his
Coadjutors." He also published a volume, consisting
chiefly of articles that had been contributed to the
Ladies Rejjositoi'i/, with the title of " Rosa Bower." Pro-
fessor Larrabee died on the morning of the 4th of May,
1859, after a confinement to his bed of about six weeks.
Mrs. Larrabee had died the January preceding.

Professor Larrabee was a remarkably kind-hearted
and generous man. He was a ripe scholar, and " apt to
teach." Few men equaled him in the duties of the
recitation-room. His memory will remain fragrant while
any of his pupils live. Hon. R. W. Thompson said of
him, in his sketches of the "Fallen Heroes of Meth-
odism:" "Larrabee had a mind Avell stored with classic
literature, and, though not eloquent in the popular sense,
was not deficient in those high qualities of mind with-
out which oratory can not exist. His style was easy
and graceful, showing at once the extent of his erudi-
tion. While his mind had a mathematical tendency, yet
much that he said and wrote bore the impress of a re-
fined fixncy, and left the most lasting and valuable im-
pressions."

19



290 INDIANA METHODISM.



REV. B. F. TEFFT, D. D.



Dr. Tefft graduated at the Wesleyan University, in
Middletown, Connecticut, in 1836. He taught in the
Maine Wesleyan Seminary four years ; from whence he
was called to the Principalship of the Providence Con-
ference Academy, where he remained but one year,
when he entered the pastoral work, and was stationed in
the city of Boston. Dr. Tefft came to Indiana in 1843,
having been elected Professor of Greek Language and
Literature in Indiana Asbury University; which position
he filled for three years, when he entered upon the editor-
ship of the Ladies Repositori/, at Cincinnati, which posi-
tion he occupied for six years. He was then elected to
the Presidency of Genesee College, New York. His
next official position was that of United States Consul to
Stockholm and Sweden, and then United States Minister
to the same country; and for several years Dr. Tefft
has spent most of his time in Europe. Although he re-
mained but a few years in Indiana, yet he made an
abiding impression in favor of sound and sanctified
learning, and deserves a prominent place among the
Methodist educators of the State. His scholarship was
thorough, and his abilities, whether as a teacher, writer,
lecturer, or preacher, were of a high order. He had the
rare faculty of inspiring young men with a love for
learning ; and many who now occupy prominent positions
in different parts of the world, owe much of their suc-
cess in life to the inspiration and instruction which they
received from Dr. Tefft.

REV. THOMAS H. LYNCH, D. D.

The name of Thomas H. Lynch, D. D., occupies a
worthy place among educators in the Church, he having



INDIANA METHODISM. 291

devoted several of the best years of his life to the work
of teaching, and given his means and personal influence,
through a series of years, to the development and sus-
taining of our institutions of learning. Mr. Lynch is a
native of Ohio. He was born in Waynesville, Warren
County, Ohio, January 23, 1808. His parents emi-
grated from South Carolina to Ohio in the year 1805.
They left the South because of their inveterate hostility
to the institution of slavery. His father died when the
subject of this notice was only six years of age. His
mother was a woman of refined culture, and deeply
pious. She gave to her children a Christian education;
all of whom made a profession of religion, and became
Church members in early life. It was the wish of his
mother, and also of his guardian, that Thomas should be
educated with a view to the profession of law as the
business of his life. At the age of fifteen years, in ad-
dition to the usual elementary branches of education, he
had accomplished the studies of algebra, trigonometry,
and surveying. In March, 1825, he engaged to teach
school for one year in the neighborhood of the Hon.
Jeremiah Morrow, then Governor of Ohio. His compen-
sation for teaching was at the rate of six dollars per
scholar for the whole year. One-half of this sum was to
be paid in cash, the rest in country produce. The most
of his pay, however, was received in wheat, for which
thirty-seven and a half cents a bushel was allowed. The
wheat was sold to Governor Morrow for thirty-one and a
fourth cents a bushel. Turning wheat into cash at this
rate was thought, by the friends of the young school-
teacher, to be a very fine financial operation. With the
means thus raised, young Mr. Lynch started to col-
lege. He entered the Miami University as a student in
May, 1826. While a student at the University he was



292 INDIANA METHODISM.

employed by Dr. Bishop, the President, to teach a class of
Indians, just from the wilds of Arkansas. In the mean
time, yielding to the convictions that had followed him
from early years, Mr. Lynch had united with the Meth-
odist Episcopal Church, under the ministry of the late
Rev. Arthur W. Elliott, then in the vigor of his man-
hood, and in the power of his evangelical labors. This
was on the 13th day of November, 1825. He remained
in the University until September, 1827, when, having
received an invitation from the trustees of Augusta Col-
lege^ Kentucky, through the Rev. Dr. Martin Ruter,
its President, he entered that institution in the dual
capacity of student and tutor. He pursued a full Col-
legiate Course of four years, classical and scientific, and
graduated August 4, 1831. He received for his services
as tutor two hundred dollars per year — a sum sufiScient,
at that time, to pay all his needed expenses. Augusta
College was at this time the only successful Methodist
College in the United States. Her students came from
every section of the Union. Indiana sent many of her
promising sons there to be educated, among whom was
John W. Locke, now of the Indiana Asbury University.
Among her graduates we may name Dr. Howard, Presi-
dent of the Ohio University, and Dr. R. S. Foster, of the
Drew Theological Seminary, and Dr. Dandy, of Chicago.
At the time of which we now write, the Faculty of Au-
gusta College consisted of Rev. Martin Ruter, D. D.,
President ; Rev, J. P. Durbin, Professor of Ancient Lan-
gunges ; Rev. J. S. Tomlinson, Professor of Mathematics;
F. A. W. Davis, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and Nat-
ural Science; Rev. Arnold Treusdale, Principal of the
Grammar School, and Thomas H. Lynch as Tutor. The
College enjoyed great prosperity fpr many years. In
the fierce contest between the North and the South upon



INDIANA METHODISM. 293

the subject of slavery, this noble institution fell a vic-
tim between the fires of the adverse parties. The Legis-
lature of Kentucky, in a fit of prejudice and passion,
repealed its charter, and deprived it of its privileges.
Thus this once prosperous and ardently cherished seat
of learning lives only in history, and in the fond remem-
brance of its friends, its patrons, and of its widely
scattered alumni.

After leaving college, Mr. Lynch studied law in the
office of the late Hon. John Woods, of Hamilton, Ohio, a
lawyer of eminent ability and large practice, and for sev-
eral years an active member of Congress from his dis-
trict. Mr. Lynch was admitted to practice law by the
Supreme Court of Ohio, in December, 1832, and was
soon after commissioned by Governor Lucas as Attorney
for the State, which office he held for two years. While
engaged in his chosen profession, he sought to quiet his
convictions of duty in regard to the ministry by preach-
ing on Sabbath-days. The effort was a vain one. He
felt, "Woe is me if I preach not the Gospel of Christ!"
Sickness came upon him ; death seemed to stand at his
door. He covenanted with God to spare his life, and he
would " preach the unsearchable riches of Christ." God
heard his prayer, and brought him up as from the gates
of death. He closed up his law business, and offered
himself to the Ohio Conference. Just at this time, Mr.
Lynch was unexpectedly elected again as a member of
the Faculty of Augusta College, where he labored in
teaching and preaching until September, 1842, when he
became a member of the Kentucky xinnual Conference
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and was appointed to
Transylvania University, in the Department of Ancient
Languages. He held this position until 1846, when the
Church South was fully organized. The University then



294 INDIANA METHODISM.

passed from the control of the Methodist Episcopal
Church to that of the Church South. It finally fell, as
did Augusta College, a victim to the ravages of the slav-
ery question. Rev. H. B. Bascom, D. D., was its Pres-
ident. He was the master-spirit of the Southern move-
ment. He wrote in defense of slavery. He was chosen
a bishop of the Church South. Here let the curtain
drop J a sad chapter follows ; let it not be written by
human hands.

Under the advice of Bishops Morris and Hamlin e,
Mr. Lynch remained in the Kentucky Conference (South)
until the Summer of 1849, when, through the kindness
of brethren of the Indiana Conference, he was invited to
allow his name to be submitted to that body for recogni-
tion as a member among them. He had been opposed to
the separation of the Southern Conference from the
Methodist Episcopal Church, and his position was well
known. Mr. Lynch often speaks of the pleasure it af-
fords him to make kind mention of those who manifested
an interest in his behalf at this time. He received let-
ters from Rev. E. R. Ames, Rev. F. C. HoUiday, Rev. S.
T. Gillett, Rev. J. C. Smith, and Rev. L. W. Berry,
most cordially inviting him to come to Indiana. The in-
vitfition was accepted. At the session of 1849, held at
Rising Sun, Mr. Lynch was recognized, by a unanimous
vote, as a member of the Indiana Conference, and he was
appointed by Bishop Janes to St. John's, Madison. In
1850, he was elected President of the Indiana Female
College which institution he conducted for several years,
with marked success. He has been an active member of
the South-eastern Indiana Conference from its organiza-
tion. He has served seven years as presiding elder, and
ten years in the pastorate as station preacher; and at
the time of this writing is enjoying a prosperous and



INDIANA METHODISM. 295

happj year as pastor of Grace Methodist Episcopal
Church, Indianapolis. Nearly forty-six years ago, while
but a youth, he united with the Methodist Episcopal
Church. During almost the whole of this time he has
been employed in the public and active service of the
Church, in some department of its varied interests.

REV. JOHN WHEELER, D. D.

Mr. Wheeler was one of the first graduates of Indi-
ana Asbury University, having graduated in 1840. He
was some time professor in the University, and was called
from there to the Presidency of Baldwin University, at
Berea, Ohio, and from there to the Presidency of the
Iowa State University. Dr. Wheeler is an efficient
teacher, and an able and prudent executive officer as a
college president.

REV. THOMAS A. GOODWIN, A. M.

Mr. Goodavin graduated at Asbury University in
1840. He entered the ministry in Indiana Conference,
and was an efficient minister for several years; but there
being a great demand for teachers, Mr. Goodwin located,
to take charge of an academy. He spent several years
in teaching. Has been known extensively as the editor
of the Brookville American and Indiana American. He
has been a liberal contributor to the periodical literature
of the Church, and is a model of industry and effective-
ness as a local preacher.

REV. PHILANDER WILEY, A. M.

Mr. Wiley was a graduate of Indiana Asbury Uni-
versity, of the class of 1843. He has been for some
years Professor of Greek in the University, and has a
high reputation for ripeness in scholarship, especially in



296 INDIANA METHODISM.

the Greek language and literature, and of skill and thor-
oughness in teaching.

DR. BENSON.

Rev. Henry C. Benson graduated with honor in Indi-
ana Asbury University, in 1842; was received into In-
diana Conference at the ensuing session, and appointed to
Mooresville Circuit, where he labored about half the
year. In the Spring of 1843, transferred to Arkansas, to
serve the Indian missions then appended to that Confer-
ence ; joined William H. Goode at Fort Coffee, as princi-
pal teacher of the male department of the academy then
just established among the Choctaws; labored success-
fully in that department, and also preached, as occasion
would permit, among the Indians ; assisted in the forma-
tion of the Indian Mission Conference, and acted as one
of the secretaries at its first session; remained there
until the Southern separation in 1845, when, with W. H.
Goode, he transferred back to North Indiana Conference,
and re-entered the pastoral work ; had established a rep-
utation which led to tempting inducements to remain in
the South, but declined, from an unwillingness to come
under the jurisdiction of the newly formed Southern
Church ; subsequently published an interesting volume,
entitled, " Life among the Choctaw Indians."

After passing several years of successful pastoral
labor in some of the prominent stations of the Confer-
ence, he was elected to the Chair of Greek Language
and Literature in Asbury University, which he filled
with acceptability for several successive years.

About 1851, he was transferred to California Confer-
■ence, where he labored in the pastorate, presiding elder-
ship, and other ministerial relations, till 1864, when he
vwas elected to the editorship of the Pacific Christian



INDIANA METHODISM. 297

Advocate^ and became a member of the Oregon Conference.
In 1868, he was changed by election to the editorial
chair of the California Christian Advocate, the duties of
which he is now (1871) fulfilling at San Francisco. He
is again a member of the California Conference, with a
pleasant family residence at Santa Clara. He was a
member of the General Conferences of 1864 and 1868 ;
in the latter, was chairman of the Committee on Bound-
aries. He received the degree of D. D. from his Alma
Mater in 1864. His life-record thus far has known no
failure. Faithful, competent, energetic, in every relation
still vigorous and active, he gives promise of extended
years of usefulness to the Church.

REV. WILLIAM M. DAILY, D. D.

While serving as stationed preacher in Bloomington,
Mr. Daily graduated in the College Course to the degree
of A. B., in the Indiana State University, in 1836. In
1839, while stationed in St. Louis, Missouri, he received
the degree of A. M. from three different colleges; to wit,
Indiana University, Augusta College, Kentucky, and
M'Kendree College, Illinois; and, in the Fall of 1849,
was elected Professor of Elocution in St. Charles Col-
lege, Missouri. He returned to Indiana, and resumed the
work of the ministry in Madison, in 1840.

While traveling Bloomington District as presiding
elder, in 1851, he received the degree of Doctor of Di-
vinity from his Alma Mater, his old preceptor. Rev. Phi-
lander Wiley, D. D., of the Protestant Episcopal Church,
being President.

In 1853, he was elected President of Indiana Univer-
sity, to succeed his old preceptor, who had died. Dr.
Daily entered on his duties as President and Professor
of Mental and Moral Science and Belles-Lettres, in the



298 INDIANA METHODISM.

Fall of 1853. During Dr. Daily's Presidency, the old
University building burned down, and the present new
and beautiful buildings were erected. The endowment
fund was lost by an adverse decision in the courts, and
through his influence the whole amount was refunded by
the State, and the institution again placed on a substan-
tial basis.

In 1856, he received the degree of LL. D. from the
University of Louisville, conferred hy the Law Depart-
ment, which was presided over by the ablest and best
law scholars in the country. During Dr. Daily's Presi-
dency of Indiana University, the institution came up
from eighty students to over four hundred ; and prior to
his resignation he graduated the largest classes of any
college in the state at that time. In 1859, he resigned
the Presidency of the University, and retired to his
home in Madison. At the breaking out of the Rebell-
ion, he gave the whole of his influence to the support of
the Government. At the close of the War he went
South ; and now (1871) is identified with the missionary
work of the Church in that long-neglected land, and
among a long-oppressed race. He is presiding elder in
Louisiana Conference, with head-quarters at New Orleans.

GEORGE W. HOSS, A. M.

Professor Hoss graduated at Indiana Asbury Uni-
versity in 1850. His parents were comparatively poor,
and he struggled hard to procure an education. He was
a native of Ohio, but came to Indiana in 1836, and
helped to open up a farm till the Fall of 1845, when he
entered Asbury University as a student. Having to
earn means for his own support, he was out of college
two terms, and for three years he taught two hours each
day in Mrs. Larrabee's Female Seminary, in addition to



INDIANA METHODISM. 299

keeping up his college studies. Immediately on his
graduation he was elected Principal of the Muncie Acad-
emy, at Muncie, in Delaware County, where he remained
two years. In 1852, he was chosen Teacher of Mathe-
matics in the Indiana Female College, in Indianapolis,
under the Presidency of Rev. Thos. H. Lynch. In 1853,
he was chosen First Literary Teacher in the Institute
for the Blind, in Indianapolis. In 1855, he was elected
President of Indiana Female College. He held this
position one year, when he was elected Professor of
Mathematics in the North-western Christian University,
at Indianapolis. As the institution was under the con-
trol of another religious denomination, his election was a
compliment to his scholarship and his popularity as a
teacher. He continued in that position until March,
1865, when he resigned; having been, in the Fall of
1864, elected Superintendent of Public Instruction for
the State of Indiana. On tendering his resignation, the
students expressed their friendship and their appreci-
ation of his services by presenting him a silver tea-
service worth seventy-five dollars.

Mr. Hoss served with efficiency, and, in 1866, Avas
re-elected. He was urged by many of the teachers and
friends of education throughout the state to be a can-
didate for a third term; but he had determined, and had
so declared, that he would not allow his name to be used
in connection with the office for a third term. During
his superintendency, he procured the passage of an ex-
tended bill of amendments to the School Law, among
which Avas provision for establishing an excellent system
of teachers' institutes, and providing for local taxation
in towns and cities — versus a Supreme Court decision —
thus supplementing the State revenue, and keeping the
schools in the towns open ten months in the year. He



300 INDIANA METHODISM.

drafted the bill providing for the establishment of a
State Normal School, and secured its passage through
the Legislature with but slight modification. Mr. Hoss
also secured the passage of a Fund Bill, requiring county
auditors to examine all school-fund records in their
office, and report to the Superintendent of Public In-
struction — in Avhich reports he and they should settle.
By this means he secured Avhat had never been at-
tempted, a reliable fund basis for over $3,000,000, held
by counties in settlement, and gained for the State
$24,500, which, as per former reports, had been lost.

In 1868, Professor Hoss was unanimously elected to
the Chair of English Literature and Practice of Teach-
ing in the State University; and, being urged by the
Faculty and trustees of the University to enter imme-
diately upon the duties of his professorship, he yielded
to their persuasions, and resigned the Superintendency
of Public Instruction, in October, 1869. His term of
office would have expired on the 15th of the ensuing
March.

In 1862, Professor Hoss became the principal owner
and publisher of the Indiana School Journal. When he
took the School Journal it was embarrassed with debt,'
and had but three hundred and fifty subscribers. He
soon ran up the subscription list to eighteen hundred.

During 1862-63, while Professor Hoss was teaching
in the North-western Christian University, he also acted
as Superintendent of the City Schools in Indianapolis,
giving his afternoons to the public schools, and teaching
in the University in the forenoon.

Professor Hoss held a large number of teachers' in-
stitutes in different parts of the state. He has con-
tributed largely, with his pen and tongue, to sound learn-
ing and Christian morality. He is an earnest advocate



INDIANA METHODISM. 301

of total abstinence from intoxicating drinks, and has
written an excellent tract on " Temperance in the Public
Schools." Professor Hoss's record as an educator is
one of which the State and the Church are alike proud.
He is a remarkably industrious man, and is as ardently
devoted to the interest of Sabbath-schools as to the cause
of general education.

BENJAMIN T. HOYT, A. M.

Professor Hoyt was a native of New England. He
graduated at the Wesleyan University at Middletown,
Connecticut. After teaching for some time in the East,
he came to Indiana in 1852, and for a few years had
charge of an academy in Lawrenceburg, when he accepted
the Presidency of the Indiana Female College in Indian-
apolis, which position he resigned to accept a professor-
ship in Indiana Asbury University, where he remained
until the time of his death, in 1866. Professor Hoyt
was a superior educator ; and whether in charge of a
seminary, or in a professor's chair, he performed his du-
ties thoroughly and efficiently. He was an active Sab-
bath-school worker, and a valuable Christian citizen.
His educational career was a useful one, and his death, in
the vigor of his manhood, and in the midst of his labors,
was a source of deep regret among the Christian educa-
tors of the State.

PROFESSOR JOSEPH TINGLEY, PH. D.

Professor Tingley was born in Cadiz, Ohio, March
3, 1822, and received the most of his education in Alle-
ghany College, at Meadville, Pennsylvania ; but through
the influence of Dr. Simpson, who was his cousin, and
was then President of Asbury University, Mr. Tingley
was induced to graduate at Asbury University, in 1846.



302 INDIANA METHODISM.

Two years after his graduation, Mr. Tingley was elected
to the Chair of Natural Sciences, which he has filled un-


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Online LibraryFernandez C. HollidayIndiana Methodism : being an account of the introduction, progress, and present position of Methodism in the State; and also a history of the literary institutions under the care of the church, with s → online text (page 22 of 27)