firm Chapman.

Portrait and biographical album of Otoe and Cass Counties, Nebraska, containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the governors of the State, and of the Presidents of the United States online

. (page 80 of 154)
Online Libraryfirm ChapmanPortrait and biographical album of Otoe and Cass Counties, Nebraska, containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the governors of the State, and of the Presidents of the United States → online text (page 80 of 154)
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sketch, was the fourth child; James married Miss
Helen Rogers, is a painter by trade, and is living in
Kansas City; Milton died in infancy; Elizabeth
Jane died when twenty-two years old, in Illinois;
Mary is a resident of California; Martha was first
married to a Mr. Barr, and became the mother of
one son, who is now following the sea. Mr. Barr
died, and Mrs. B. subsequently married again, and
is living in San Francisco.

On the 2d of August, 1834, John Sutherland, with
his family, left Pennsylvania for Illinois, arriving
in Peoria County on the 28th of November follow-
ing, having m.ade the trip by water. Elisha J. was
then but a lad of thirteen years, and completed his
education in the district schools of Peoria County,
and under the home instruction of his excellent
mother. This during the pioneer days of Illi-
nois, and the Sutherland familj^ endured in common
with the people around them the hardships and
privations of life in a new country. The winter of
1836-37 was celebrated for its deep snow, and made
memorable for the sufferings endured by the people
throughout that section. In December, 1836, the
Sutherland family lived in a log cabin just north
of French Grove, and about the 18th day of the
month, the father with his son Elisha, of our sketch,
then a lad of fifteen years, set out for Prince's Mill

on the Spoon River, with a wagon-load of shelled
corn drawn by two yoke of oxen. They were
obliged to stay at the mill about thirty-six hours,
and at 10 o'clock A. M. of the third day, started
home. In the meantime, under a strong south
wind, the snow had melted rapidly and a steady
rainstorm contributed to render the streams almost
impossible, on account of which they were compelled
to go several miles out of their way in order to
cross. In trying to make their way across a slough,
the front wheels of the wagon dropped into a hole,
and the oxen were unable to pull the load.

Mr. Sutherland and his son, upon jumping from
the Wilgon found the water three feet deep, and
releasing the cattle proceeded to unload, carry-
ing the meal, which was in bags containing thi'ee to
four bushels each, about four rods to dry land.
Suddenly a distant roar in the northwest, and a
cloud moving toward them with appalling rapidity,
warned them that something still more serious was
to overtake them. In the space of a few moments
they were enveloped in a dense fog, and an arctic
winter was upon them. In a few moments the water
through which they were wading was congealed
into ice. They coupled their chains together, and
bj' backing their cattle some distance into the water
reached the wagon tongue, and the vehicle was
hauled out. By the time the meal was reloaded^
the slough and prairie were covered with a sheet of
ice, and the father remarked to his son : "We shall
certainly perish here."

The clothing of father and son, and also the cat-
tle, were covered with ice, and it was almost im-
possible, especially for the latter, to stand upon
their feet. They managed, however, to push the
wagon forward about as fast as the cattle would get
out of its way, the latter often falling and sliding
about in a very painful manner. In this way they
toiled until almost exhausted, and finally rising
upon the wagon, discerned in the distance some hay
stacks and other indications of a human habitation.
They turned the suffering animals loose to take care
of themselves, and hastened toward the shelter.
The father was then almost unable to move, .and at
the shouts of Elisha for help, three or four men
rushed out and carried Mr. Sutherland into the
house. It was estimated that there not less




623 f


than 100 pounds of ice upon his clothing. "When
somewhat thawed out, Mr. Sutherland endeavored
to hire some one to go out and drive the cattle to
the haystacks, and after much urging, and a con-
sideration of $2 in monej% one young man set out,
and by hard work succeeded in the attempt, al-
though his ears were badly frozen. Father and son
lay sleepless on the floor that night in front of a
roaring fire, but so thoroughly had they been chilled
that they shivered continuously.

In the morning, Mr. Sutherland thinking that
"mother would be uneasy," determined to start
homeward. He traveled on foot ten miles, reaching
his destination late in the afternoon more than
alive, through a wind blowing from the north by
northwest, with not a bush or anything else to afford
a shelter. The second morning Elisha set out, the
sun having come up brightly, to get the cattle home.
The animals, however, would move only in response
to continual whipping, and sometimes they were all
down in a heap together on the ice. In the mean-
time a pair of sharp-shod horses had conveyed the
wagon home. The cattle were abandoned three
and one-half miles from home, but were rescued
the following afternoon, thin in flesh after their
bitter experience of seven days. Toward spring
their tails dropped off close to their bodies, and
"Sutherland bob-tails" became an object of curiosity
as long as they lived. The history of this exper-
ience was written up and published several times
afterward, and is one almost without a parallel even
in the annals of those terrible years.

Young Sutherland continued under the parental
roof until his marriage, which took place on the 24th
of September, 1851. The maiden of his choice was
Miss Rachel M. Reed, who was born in Marshall
County, Va., April 25, 183.3. Of this union there
were nine children, recorded as follows : John A.,
born June 21, 1854, was married Dec. 29, 1887, to
Miss Enola Stansbury, of Brimfleld, 111., and is en-
gaged in farming at Princeville, that State; Frank
R. was born June 23, 1857, and married Miss Mary
Nelson; he is now employed as an adjuster and
superintendent for an insurance company at Bloom-
iugton. James N. was born June 2, 1859, is unmar-
ried, and in the hotel business at Bloomington, 111. ;
Addie Louisa was born June 7, 1861, and married

William Mitchell, a farmer and stock-dealer of Wa-
hoo, Neb; Albert E., born Sept. 22, 1864, is em-
ployed as clerk in a grocery store at Wichita; Ella,
who was born Dec. 31, 1866, is the wife of William
Iloyt, a farmer near Amboy, Neb., and the mother
of one child ; Minnie F. was born Feb. 22, 1870, and
with her brother, Edwin E., born Aug. 28, 1872,
resides at home with her parents. The mother of
these children departed this life at her home in
Illinois on the 12th of February, 1873.

The present wife of our subject, to whom he was
married Dec. 10, 1876, was formerly Mrs. Emma
(Batcliff) Bean, who was born May 5, 1852, and is
the daughter of Timothy and Deborah (Ratliff)
Rateliff, natives of South Carolina and Virginia re-
spectively. This union resulted in the birth of four
children, viz : Ralph, who was born Aug. 2, 1878,
and died on the 27th of February following; Mat-
tie Agnes was born Aug. 8, 1880; Ralph, Oct. 22,
1882 ; May E., May 1 , 1886. Mr. Sutherland, while
in Illinois, became identified with the Masonic fra-
ternity, from which he has a demit to the lodge at
Wichita; and politically, he belongs to the "Re-
formed" or "People's Party."

The view of the Sutherland residence serves not
only in assisting to embellish this volume, but is an
illustration of the industry and thrift of the pro-

^I^LIJAH H. BRO^^^N, who is such a worthy
representative of the pioneers of Sedgwick
"ountj-, coming here in 1870, before the
county was organized, and becoming an important
factor in its development, was one of the founders of
Ohio Township, and is now very pleasantly situated
on section 27, Ninnescah Township. He is respected
for his upright integrity of character. His life has
been an honorable one, and is well worthy of record
in these pages. He is a native of Mobile, Ala.,
March 19, 1821, being the date of his birth, and
William and Elizabeth (.leffers) Brown his parents.
His mother was a native of the United States, of
Welsh descent. His father was born in Ireland, but
when he was a small boy he came with his parents
to this country, and located in the South. There he
grew to maturity, married, and reared a large family






of children, of whom our subject is the only known
survivor. In 1832 he removed with his family to
what is now known as Grundy County, III., and
settling a short distance from the town of Morris,
made his home there during the remaining years of
an active and useful life, dying in 1844. His worthy
wife survived him many years, dying in 1873, in
Warren County, Iowa.

Our subject was reared in his native State, re-
maining there until he was eighteen years old,
receiving in the meantime but a limited education,
as the youth of that day did not enjoy the school
privileges that are the right of every child. Some
time after leaving the home of his birth he entered
the Veterinary College at Ann Arbor, Mich.,
and was graduated therefrom in 1848, ha,ving re-
ceived a thorough training in his chosen profession,
and for thirty-five years he practiced as a veterinary
surgeon in connection with his other business, be-
ing in active practice for two years in Wichita.
He acquired a wide reputation for his skill in treat-
ing his dumb patients, but he has now abandoned
his profe.ssion.

After leaving Ann Arbor Mr. Brown went to
Chicago, 111., and remained there nearly a year in
the employ of the Frink & Walker Stage Company,
driving over a portion of the route from Chicago
to Galena, III. AVhen the company removed their
stage business further west he remained in its em-
ploy some eighteen months, driving on a part of
the route between LaSalle and Rock Island. He
then went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he engaged
as a bus driver for the Cincinnati Bus Company,
and worked for that firm and the Oliio Stage Line
at alternate periods for four years. From Ohio he
went to Iowa, where he engaged as a stage driver
for about eight years. Subsequently he spent a
short time in Alabama amid the scenes of his boy-
hood days, and then returned to Iowa and resumed
his old employment.

Our subject was in his native State when the war
broke out, and being given twenty hours to leave
the South, went to Iowa, where, July 2, 1861,
he enlisted in Company B, 4th Iowa Infantry.
His regiment was first sent to Jefferson Bar-
racks, St. Louis, where the men were drilled for
a few days preparatory for service. They then op-


erated in Missouri from August, 1861, to February,
18G2, principally engaged in scouting, having an
occasional skirmish with the enemy. The entire
department of the army to which the regiment of
our subject was attached was then sent to Arkansas,
and there took an important part in the battle of
Pea Ridge, March 7, 8 and 9, 18G2; his regiment
was also among the reserves at the battle of Cotton
Plant, that being principally a cavalry light, the
infantry being held in reserve. He was then or-
dered with the rest of the arm}' to Helena, Ark.,
remaining there until February, 1863. At that
date our subject entered the employ of the Gov-
ernment as a scout, having been previously dis-
ciiarged from the 4th Iowa in November, 1862, at
Helena, Ark. At all times he displayed cool cour-
age, steady nerve, and a daring spirit, and ren-
dered good service as a detective, continuing in the
secret service until relieved of duty in 1865, as
scouts were not regularly discharged or mustered
out as a soldier would be. The army was ordered
to Mississippi, and Mr. Brown took pai-t in the bat-
tles of Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas Post and Vicks-
burg, being present during the entire siege of that
city, forming one of the army of investment that
surrounded the city prior to its surrender in July,
1863. He was in the army under Sherman in his
famous march to the sea, and was subsequently
present at the grand review at Washington. Af-
ter the war he returned to Iowa and resided there
for some years.

Mr. Brown was married, Jan. 8, 1856, to Elizabeth
Nye, who was born in Columbiana County, Ohio,
July 21, 1842. She is a daughter of Andrew and
Elizabeth Nye, natives respectively of New En-
gland and Pennsylvania, her mother being of Ger-
man extraction. They were the parents of eight
children, five of whom are now living — Abraham,
Jenna, Lucetta, Samuel and Elizabeth M. Abraham
lives in Kingman County, Kan.; Jenna is the wife
of J. C. Gilson, of Michigan ; Lucetta is the wife of
Henry Whistler, of LaGrange County, Ind. ; Samuel
J. lives in Washington Territory. The union of
our subject has been blessed by the birth of one
child, Jesse J., born Oct. 25, 1876.

In 1870 Mr. Brown migrated with his family to
Kansas, and pre-empted land in the south quarter ' ^




of section 31 in what is now known as Ohio Town-
sliip, being among the first to settle there. He was
afterward one of the Commissioners who organized
the township, and served as Constable and Deputy
United States Marshal for some eight years, during
which time he made some important arrests, among
them being the would-be murderer of John Stewart,
an old settler of Sedgwick County, and he is also
said to have arrested the first horse thief in Sedg-
wick County, who was turned over to the civil
authorities and prosecuted by them. He honorably
and faithfully discharged the duties of his impor-
tant oflBce to the general satisfaction of his fellow-

Mr. Brown settled on his present farm in 1 884.
It is very favorably located, contains 160 acres of
good land, and its industrious and enterprising
owner jeaps fine harvests from its rich, fertile soil.
Our subject began life a poor man, but by his in-
domitable perseverance and the able assistance of
his devoted wife he has acquired a comfortable
fortune, so that he and his amiable companion can
spend their declining years in a cozy home, sur-
rounded by all that makes life pleasant ^nd easy,
and in the enjoyment of the respect and confidence
which they have won from their neighbors by their
beneficent and upright lives. Mr. Brown is an hon-
ored member of the G. A. R. Post, at Clearwater,
Kan., and in politics is identified with the Repub-
lican party.

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AURICE A. BURDICK, a farmer in good
standing in Afton Township, successful as
a tiller of the soil, and one who has been
prominentl}' identified with local affairs, is
the proprietor of a good farm on section 15, which
comprises 160 acres, fairly improved, and a good
set of frame buildings. Mr. Burdick is a Western
man in every sense of the word, his native State
being Wisconsin, where he was born in Madison,
Jan. 16, 1852. He is consequently in the prime of
life, and, as the result of good habits, is amply fitted
for the duties which lie before him.

The parents of our subject were Lewis H. and
Harriet A. (Williams) Burdick, the former a native
of Vermont, and born in Fairfax County, Sept. 22,

1 806. He was a carpenter by trade, a Republican
in politics, and a member of the Sons of Temper-
ance. He spent his last j-ears in Madison, AVis., and
departed this life June 1, 1883. The mother was
born near Bingham ton, N. Y., Sept. 5, 1821, and
resides at the homestead in Madison, Wis., being
now quite well advanced in years.

The parental household included seven children,
of whom the record is as follows : Charles Edgar
was born May 12, 1840, and died in the city of
Rochester, N. Y., July 26, 1847; Fidelia D. was
born April 6, 1848, and died Sept. 11, 1852, in Madi-
son, Wis.; Frances Charlotte was born Feb. 7, 1850,
in Madison, Wis., and died there November 14
following; Maurice A., of our sketch, was the fourth
child; James R. was born Sept. 3, 1854, and died a
few hours later; EmmaK. born Jan. 23, 1856,
and became the wife of Simeon Moulds, a photog-
rapher, of Baraboo, Wis. ; to them were born five
children, one now dece.ised. Albert Lewis was born
Nov. 13, 1858, makes his home with his mother,
and occupies himself as a clerk in a dry-goods

Our subject continued under the home roof until
a youth of sixteen years, acquiring a good common-
school education, and then served an apprenticeship
as carpenter in a sash, door and blind factory.
Being now competent to provide for the wants of a
family, he was united in marriage with Miss Roena
Vangieson, the wedding taking place at the home
of the bride, Feb. 14, 1875. Mrs. Burdick is the
daughter of John C. and Rachel (Hover) Vangieson,
the former a native of New Jersey. He was born
Feb. 8, 1828, and was the son of Cornelius and Ellen
(Lake) Vangieson, natives of Patterson, N. J., who
spent their last years in New York. The mother
was born Sept. 11, 1832, near Oswego, N. Y. Their
seven children are recorded as follows : Lullas Eldo-
rett married Louisa Blatz ; they have two children,
.and are living on a farm in Kiowa, this State. Li-
vonia Arietta taught school during her girlhood
days, and later was married to Edward Beaver, who
carries on farming in Afton Township; Mrs. Beaver
died Oct. 17, 1880, leaving one child. Roena lanthe,
the wife of our subject, was born Oct. 20, 1858;
Emma May is the wife of James Chamberlain, a
farmer of Viola Township, and they have two chil-







dren ; Vincent Chedell married Miss Mina Bosburg,
who was formerly a teacher in the public schools,
and he is engaged at carpenter work in Colwieh,
Kan. ; Etta Evaline is the wife of H. O. Thorn, a
farmer residing near Kingman, and they have two
children; John Morris remains at home with his
parents, being a promising young man in the six-
teenth year of his age.

Mr. and Mrs. Maurice A. Burdick have three
children, namely : Mabel E.. born Dec. 21, 1875, in
Peru, 111.; William A., born March 22, 1878, and
Milton A., Feb. 11, 1880. The homestead includes
among its other improvements a fine orchard, and
Mr. Burdick has also given to the smaller fruits con-
siderable attention, so that the household is pro-
vided with the luxuries of the season in this line.
Our subject came to this county in 1876, and was
welcomed as a valued accession to its numbers, and
a man capable of filling the various local offices. He
has officiated as Township Trustee, Clerk, Constable
and School Treasurer, and socially, belongs to God-
dard Lodge No. 266, I. O. O. F. He votes the
straight Republican ticket, and is contributing his
full quota toward the enterprises having for their
object the general welfare of the community.

J" ACKSON BROOKS. A residence of twelve
years in Valley Center Township has ren-
dered this worthy citizen familiar to the
majoritj' of its people, with whom he is con-
sidered an important factor in its growth and
development. He is proprietor of 160 acres of
land on section 14, where he carries on general
farming and stock-raising, and is each year adding
something to the beauty and value of his home-
stead. He is a man who has made the most of his
opportunities in life, and has kept his eyes open
to what was going on in the world around him.
These qualities, in connection with his natural in-
dustry and perseverance, have served to make him,
wherever known, an object of uniform regard.

Mr. Brooks, a native of Wayne County, Ind.,
was born on the 26th of May, 1833, and is the son
of Jacob and Mary (Vorhis) Brooks, who were

natives respectively of Virginia and Ohio. They
removed from their native State to Indiana before
their marriage, locating in Wayne County, where
the father engaged in agricultural pui'suits, and
departed this life in October, 1875. He had served
as a soldier in the War of 1812, and the mother,
who is still living, draws a pension from the Gov-
ernment. She was born in 1802, and has conse-
quently arrived at the advanced age of nearly
eighty-six years, and makes her home with her
children in Kansas. To Jacob and Mary Brooks,
the parents of our subject, there were born three
sons and five daughters, who were named respect-
ively: Mary Jane, Jackson, Martha M., Thomas
B., Irene B., Adeline, Josephine and Aurelius. Tlie
eldest daughter, Mary J., became the wife of
Richard L. Leeson and the mother of two children,
and died in Wayne County, Ind., June 28, 1855,
when a young woman. Martha M. is the widow of
Archibald Poston, who was a fanner by occupa-
tion, and died in Indiana in 1873, leaving six
children : Thomas B. married Miss Margaret Mc-
Lane, and is engaged in the lumber business in
McPherson, this State; Irene B. is the wife of
Joseph B. Dale, a retired farmer, of Newton ; Ade-
line, Mrs. Albert W. Florea, is living with her
husband on a farm in Butler County ; .losephine
married Jonathan Thomas, an extensive lumber
dealer of Topeka; Aurelius married Miss Mary
E. Miller, and is engaged in farming near Parsons.
Jackson Brooks, the second child of the parental
household, continued under the home roof until
twentj'-three years of age, assisting his father on
the farm, and acquiring his education in the dis-
trict school. At an early age he conceived the
worthy ambition to have a farm and home of his
own, and commenced operating on land near the
old homestead. In order to more fully carry out
his ideas of being able, while in his prime, to sit
under his own vine and fig tree, he chose to pre-
side at the head of his domestic affairs one of the
most estimable young ladies of his acquaintance.
Miss Sarah Jane Charman, with whom he was united
in marriage Sept. 30, 1856. The young people
commenced life together in a modest dwelling on
a farm in Wayne County, where they continued
until coming to this State, in 1876.




Mrs. Brooks was born in England, Dec. 8, 1837,
and is the daughter of Arthur and Rebecca (Gar-
ton) Charman, who were natives of England, whence
they emigrated to the United States in 1851, and
located at Centreville, Ind. Mr. Charman had fol-
lowed farming early in life, bnt later retired from
active labor, and for a few years prior to his death
was engaged in the grocery trade. He passed away
on the 11th of May, 1880, at his home in Muncie,
when quite advanced in years. The mother sur-
vived her husband until the 20th of November,
1887, and died at th€ age of eighty-two years, three
months and twenty-nine days. Their remains rest
side by side in the cemetery at Anderson, Ind.

The father of Mrs. Brooks took an active part in
politics, and was one of the most reliable members
of the Democratic party. In his native town in
England he was Overseer of the Poor, and other-
wise prominent in public affairs. Both parents
were conscientious and upright in their lives, and
devoted members of the Christian Church. Their
familj' consisted of nine sons and three daughters,
of whom the record is as follows: Richard G. was
born Oct. 6, 1824, and died June 21, 1883; John
was born Sept. 19, 1827, and died Oct. 22, 1854;
Thomas was born Sept. 8, 1829, and is now a pros-
perous banker of Oregon City, Ore.; James was
born Sept. 22, 1831, and is a retired merchant of
Muncie, Ind.: Arthur W. was born Sept. 30, 1833,
and died in Muncie, Feb. 11, 1865; Frederick was
born Aug. 27, 1835, and died in Oregon City,
Dec. 23, 1868; Sarah Jane, Mrs. Brooks, was the
seventh child; George was born April 19, 1840,
and died upon the day he was one year old ; Ed-
ward Ross C. was born April 16, 1842, and is
engaged in the dry -goods business at Oregon City,
Ore.; Ann was born Jan. 24, 1844, and died
Oct. 20, 1868; Louisa was born July 11, 1846, and
died Jan. 13, 1886; Joseph Alfred was born Sept.
16, 1848, and died July 28, 1875.

Of the three children born to Mr. and Mrs.
Brooks, Josephine Lulu, who was born Dec. 10,
1857, became the wife of Samuel M. Potter, of
Middletown, Ohio; Voorhees C. was born March
19, 1860, completed his studies in the High School
at Sedgwick, and makes his home with his parents;
Harvey C. also attended the High School at Sedg-

wick one year; Carrie Dale was born Nov. 17, 1861,
and died May 15, 1877, when" an interesting maiden
of sixteen years.

Mr. Brooks uniformly supports the principles of
the Democratic party. His estimable wife and him-
self are members in good standing of the Congre-
gational Church.

ffj, ENRY BLIN, a prominent and iuHuential
r))) farmer of V.alley Center Township, was
iO^ born in Warren County, Ohio, Feb. 26, 1826,
(^) and is the son of Christopher and Mary
Ann (Fry) Blin, who were natives of Ohio and
Virginia respectively. Both of his parents have
passed to their reward in the other world, his father

Online Libraryfirm ChapmanPortrait and biographical album of Otoe and Cass Counties, Nebraska, containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the governors of the State, and of the Presidents of the United States → online text (page 80 of 154)