Florence Kreisler Greenbaum.

The International Jewish Cook Book 1600 Recipes According to the Jewish Dietary Laws with the Rules for Kashering; the Favorite Recipes of America, Austria, Germany, Russia, France, Poland, Roumania, online

. (page 1 of 35)
Online LibraryFlorence Kreisler GreenbaumThe International Jewish Cook Book 1600 Recipes According to the Jewish Dietary Laws with the Rules for Kashering; the Favorite Recipes of America, Austria, Germany, Russia, France, Poland, Roumania, → online text (page 1 of 35)
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THE INTERNATIONAL JEWISH COOK BOOK

_By_

FLORENCE KREISLER GREENBAUM

Instructor in Cooking and Domestic Science

1600 RECIPES ACCORDING TO
THE JEWISH DIETARY LAWS
WITH _the_ RULES _for_ KASHERING

* * * * *

THE FAVORITE RECIPES OF
AMERICA, AUSTRIA, GERMANY,
RUSSIA, FRANCE, POLAND,
ROUMANIA, Etc., Etc.

_SECOND EDITION_

1919



*PUBLISHERS' NOTE*


It is with pleasure, and pardonable pride, that the Publishers announce
the appearance of _The International Jewish Cook Book_, which, "though
we do say it ourselves," is the best and most complete _kosher_ cook
book ever issued in this country. It is the direct successor to the
"Aunt Babette Cook Book," which has enjoyed undisputed popularity for
more than a generation and which is no longer published. _The
International Jewish Cook Book_ is, however, far superior to the older
book. It is much larger and the recipes are prepared strictly in
accordance with the Jewish dietary laws.

The author and compiler, Mrs. Florence K. Greenbaum, is a household
efficiency woman, an expert Jewish cook, and thoroughly understands the
scientific combining of foods. She is a graduate of Hunter College of
New York City, where she made a special study of diet and the chemistry
of foods. She was Instructor in Cooking and Domestic Science in the
Young Women's Hebrew Association of New York, and is now Instructor and
Lecturer for the Association of Jewish Home Makers and the Central
Jewish Institute, both under the auspices of the Bureau of Jewish
Education (Kehillah).

Mrs. Greenbaum knows the housewife's problems through years of personal
experience, and knows also how to economize. Many of these recipes have
been used in her household for three generations and are still used
daily in her home. There is no one better qualified to write a Jewish
Cook Book than she.

Suggestions and additional recipes, for inclusion in later editions of
the book, will be gratefully accepted by

THE PUBLISHERS. _New York, February, 1918_.





*PREFACE*


In compiling these recipes every effort has been made to bear in mind
the resources of the Jewish kitchen, as well as the need of being
economical and practical.

The aim throughout has been to lay special emphasis on those dishes
which are characteristically Jewish - those time-honored recipes which
have been handed down the generations by Jewish housewives (for the
Sabbath, Passover, etc). But the book contains a great many other
recipes besides these, for the Jewish cook is glad to learn from her
neighbors. Here will be found the favorite recipes of Germany, Hungary,
Austria, France, Russia, Poland, Roumania, etc.; also hundreds of
recipes used in the American household. In fact, the book contains
recipes of every kind of food appealing to the Jewish taste, which the
Jewish housewife has been able to adapt to the dietary laws, thus making
the Cook Book truly _International_.

The manner of presentation is clear and simple, and if directions are
followed carefully, will insure success to the inexperienced housewife.
For the book has been largely planned to assist her in preparing
wholesome, attractive meals; to serve the simplest as well as the most
elaborate repast - from appetizer to dessert - without transgressing the
dietary laws. At the same time the book offers many valuable suggestions
and hints to the most expert cook.

In this book are also directions for making meat substitutes and many
economies of the hour, which have been added to meet the needs of the
present day.




*REMARKS*


The Jewish housewife enjoys the enviable reputation of being a good
cook; in fact she is quite famous for her savory and varied dishes. Her
skill is due not so much to a different method of cooking as to her
ingenuity in combining food materials. The very cuts of meat she has
been always accustomed to use, are those which modern cooks are now
advising all to use. The use of vegetables with just enough meat to
flavor, as for instance in the Shabbos Shalet, is now being highly
recommended.

While it is not given to each and every woman to be a good cook, she can
easily acquire some knowledge of the principles of cooking, namely:

1. That heat from coal, charcoal, wood, gas or electricity is used as a
medium for toasting, broiling or roasting.

2. That heat from water is used as a medium for boiling, simmering,
stewing or steaming.

3. That heat from fat is used as a medium for deep fat frying.

4. That heat from heated surfaces is used in pan-broiling, sauté,
baking, braising or pot-roasting.

The length of time required to cook different articles varies with the
size and weight of same - and here is where the judgment of the housewife
counts. She must understand how to keep the fire at the proper
temperature, and how to manage the range or stove.

In planning meals try to avoid monotony; do not have the same foods for
the same days each week. Try new and unknown dishes by way of variety.
Pay attention to garnishing, thereby making the dishes attractive to the
eye as well as to the palate.

The recipes in this book are planned for a family of five, but in some
instances desserts, puddings and vegetables may be used for two meals.
Cakes are good for several days.

Do not consider the use of eggs, milk and cream an extravagance where
required for certain desserts or sauces for vegetables, as their use
adds to the actual food value of the dish.

As a rule the typical Jewish dish contains a large proportion of fat
which when combined with cereal or vegetable fruits, nuts, sugar or
honey, forms a dish supplying all the nourishment required for a
well-balanced meal. Many of these dishes, when combined with meat,
require but a small proportion of same.

Wherever fat is called for, it is intended that melted fat or dripping
be used. In many of the dishes where fat is required for frying, any of
the good vegetable oils or butter substitutes may be used equally well.
These substitutes may also be used in place of butter or fat when same
is required as an ingredient for the dish itself. In such cases less fat
must be used, and more salt added. It is well to follow the directions
given on the containers of such substitutes.

It is understood that all meats be made _kosher_.

Before preparing any dish, gather all materials, and see that all the
ingredients are at hand.




*RULES FOR KASHERING*


In the religious and dietary laws of the Jewish people, the term
"kasher" is applied to the preparation of meat and poultry, and means
"to render fit" or "proper" for eating.

1. To render meat "fit" for food, the animal must be killed and cut up
according to the Jewish method of slaughter, and must be purchased from
a Jewish butcher.

2. The meat should be put into a pan, especially reserved for this
purpose, entirely covered with cold water, and left to soak for half an
hour. Before removing the meat from the water every particle of blood
must be washed off. It should then be put upon the salting board (a
smooth wooden board), placed in a slanting position, or upon a board
with numerous perforations, in order to allow the blood to freely flow
down. The meat should then be profusely sprinkled on all sides with
salt, and allowed to remain in salt for one hour. It is then removed,
held over a sink or pan, and well rinsed with cold water three times, so
that all the salt is washed off. Meat left for three days or more
unsoaked and unsalted, may be used only for broiling over coals; it may
not be cooked in any other way.

The ends of the hoofs and the claws of poultry must be cut off before
the feet are _kashered_.

Bones with no meat or fat adhering to them must be soaked separately,
and during the salting should not be placed near the meat.

3. The liver must be prepared apart from the meat. It must be cut open
in both directions, washed in cold water, and broiled over the fire, and
salted while it is broiling. It should be seared on all sides. Water
must then be poured over it, to wash the blood away. It may then be used
in any manner, as the heat has drawn out the blood. Small steaks and
chops may be _kashered_ in the same way.

4. The heart must be cut open, lengthwise, and the tip removed before
being soaked, so that the blood may flow out. The lungs likewise must be
cut open before being soaked. Milt must have veins removed.

5. The head and feet may be _kashered_ with the hair or skin adhering
to them. The head should, however, be cut open, the brain taken out, and
_kashered_ separately.

6. To _kasher_ suet or fat for clarifying, remove skin, and proceed as
with meat.

7. Joints from hind-quarters must not be used, until they have been
"porged," which means that all veins of blood, forbidden fat, and
prohibited sinew have been removed. In New York City no hind-quarter
meat is used by orthodox Jews.

8. All poultry must be drawn, and the inside removed before putting in
water.

Cut the head off and cut the skin along the neck; find the vein which
lies between the tendons, and trace it as far back as possible; at the
back of the neck it divides into two branches, and these must be
removed.

Cut off the tips of the wings and the claws of the feet. Proceed as with
meat, first cutting open the heart and the liver. Eggs found inside of
poultry, with or without shells, must be soaked and when salted be
placed in such a position that the blood from the meat does not flow
upon them. Such eggs may not be eaten with milk foods.

In conducting a kosher kitchen care must be taken not to mix meat and
milk, or meat and butter at the same meal.

The utensils used in the cooking and serving of meat dishes may not be
used for milk dishes. They should never be mixed.

Only soaps and scouring powders which contain no animal fat are
permitted to be used in washing utensils. Kosher soap, made according to
directions for making hard soap, may be used in washing meat dishes and
utensils.

To follow the spirit as well as the letter of the dietary laws,
scrupulous cleanliness should always be observed in the storing,
handling and serving of food.

It is very necessary to keep the hands clean, the flours and cereals
clean, the ice-box clean, and the pots and pans clean.




*CONTENTS*


PUBLISHERS' NOTE
PREFACE
REMARKS
RULES FOR KASHERING
APPETIZERS
SANDWICHES
SOUPS
GARNISHES AND DUMPLINGS FOR SOUPS
FISH
SAUCES FOR FISH AND VEGETABLES
SAUCES FOR MEATS
FRYING
ENTRÉES
MEATS
POULTRY
STUFFINGS FOR MEAT AND POULTRY
VEGETABLES
TIME TABLE FOR COOKING
SALADS AND SALAD DRESSINGS
FRESH FRUITS AND COMPOTE
MEHLSPEISE (FLOUR FOODS)
CEREALS
EGGS
CHEESE
BREAD
COFFEE CAKES (KUCHEN)
MUFFINS AND BISCUITS
PANCAKES, FRITTERS, ETC.
CAKES
ICINGS AND FILLINGS FOR CAKES
PIES AND PASTRY
COOKIES
DESSERTS
STEAMED PUDDINGS
PUDDING SAUCES
FROZEN DESSERTS
CANDIES AND SWEETS
BEVERAGES
CANNED FRUITS
JELLIES AND PRESERVES
BRANDIED FRUITS
CANNED VEGETABLES
VEGETABLES PRESERVED IN BRINE
PICKLES AND RELISHES
PASSOVER DISHES
INDEX

TABLE OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
MEASUREMENT OF FOOD MATERIALS




*APPETIZERS*


CANAPÉS

For serving at the beginning of dinner and giving a zest to the
appetite, canapés are extremely useful. They may be either hot or cold
and made of anything that can be utilized for a sandwich filling. The
foundation bread should be two days old and may be toasted or fried
crouton fashion. The nicest way is to butter it lightly, then set it in
a hot oven to brown delicately, or fry in hot fat.

The bread should be cut oblong, diamond shaped, in rounds, or with a
cutter that has a fluted edge. While the toast is quite hot, spread with
the prepared mixture and serve on a small plate with sprigs of
watercress or points of lemon as a garnish.

Another way is to cut the bread into delicate fingers, pile it log-cabin
fashion, and garnish the centre with a stuffed olive. For cheese canapés
sprinkle the toast thickly with grated cheese, well seasoned with salt
and pepper. Set in a hot oven until the cheese melts and serve
immediately.


SARDINE CANAPÉS

Toast lightly diamond-shaped slices of stale bread and spread with a
sardine mixture made as follows: - Skin and bone six sardines, put them
in a bowl and run to a paste with a silver spoon. Add two tablespoons of
lemon juice, a few drops of Worcestershire sauce, a dash of pepper, two
teaspoons of chopped parsley and four tablespoons of creamed butter.
Garnish with a border of whites of hard-boiled eggs, finely chopped, and
on top scatter shredded olives.


WHITE CAVIAR

Take roe of any fish, remove skin, salt; set aside over night. Next day
beat roe apart, pour boiling water over it and stir; when roe is white,
pour off the water and let drain; then put in pan with two tablespoons
of oil and salt, pepper, a little vinegar, and mix well. Let stand a few
days before using.

This caviar may be substituted in all recipes for the Russian caviar or
domestic caviar may be procured in some shops.


CAVIAR CANAPÉS

Cut the bread about one-quarter of an inch thick and two inches square
(or round), and after it is toasted spread over each slice a teaspoon of
ice cold caviar. Mix one teaspoon of chopped onion and one teaspoon
chopped parsley; spread the mixture over the caviar and serve with
quarters of lemon.


ANCHOVY CANAPÉS

Cut the bread as for caviar canapés and spread with anchovy paste. Chop
separately the yolks and whites of hard-boiled eggs and cover the
canapés, dividing them into quarters, with anchovies split in two
lengthwise, and using yolks and whites in alternate quarters.


ANCHOVY CANAPÉS WITH TOMATOES

For each person take a thin slice toast covered with anchovy paste. Upon
this place whole egg which has been boiled four minutes, so that it can
be pealed whole and the yolk is still soft. Around the toast put tomato
sauce.


CHOPPED ONION AND CHICKEN FAT

Chop one yellow onion very fine, add four tablespoons of chicken fat
(melted), salt to taste. Serve on slices of rye bread. If desired, a
hard-boiled egg chopped very fine may be mixed with the onions.


BRAIN (APPETIZER)

Cook brains, let cool and add salt; beat up with chopped onions, juice
of one and a half lemons and olive oil. Serve on lettuce leaves.


BLACK OLIVES

Pit black olives, cut them very thin, and prepare as brain appetizer;
beat well with fork.


CHICKEN LIVER PASTE, No. 1

Wash thoroughly several fowls' livers and then let them simmer until
tender in a little strong soup stock, adding some sliced mushroom,
minced onion, and a little pepper and salt. When thoroughly done mince
the whole finely, or pound it in a mortar. Now put it back in the
saucepan and mix well with the yolks of sufficient eggs to make the
whole fairly moist. Warm over the fire, stirring frequently until the
mixture is quite thick, taking care that it does not burn.

It should be served upon rounds of toast on a hot dish garnished with
parsley.


IMITATION PATE DE FOI GRAS

Take as many livers and gizzards of any kind of fowl as you may have on
hand; add to these three tablespoons of chicken or goose fat, a finely
chopped onion, one tablespoon of pungent sauce, and salt and white
pepper to taste. Boil the livers until quite done and drain; when cold,
rub to a smooth paste. Take some of the fat and chopped onion and simmer
together slowly for ten minutes. Strain through a thin muslin bag,
pressing the bag tightly, turn into a bowl and mix with the seasoning;
work all together for a long time, then grease a bowl or cups and press
this mixture into them; when soft cut up the gizzards into bits and lay
between the mixture. You may season this highly, or to suit taste.


CHICKEN LIVER PASTE, No. 2

Take one-quarter pound chicken livers that have been boiled soft; drain
and rub through grater, add one-quarter cup of fresh mushrooms that have
been fried for three minutes in two tablespoons of chicken fat, chop
these, mix smooth with the liver, moistening with the fat used in frying
the mushrooms, season with salt, pepper, paprika and a little onion and
lemon juice. Spread on rye bread slices. Garnish plate with a red radish
or sprigs of parsley.


CHOPPED HERRING

Soak herring a few hours, when washed and cleaned, bone and chop. To one
herring take one onion, one sour apple, a slice of white bread which has
been soaked in vinegar, chop all these; add one teaspoon oil, a little
cinnamon and pepper. Put on platter in shape of a herring with head at
top and tail at bottom of dish, and sprinkle the chopped white of a
hard-boiled egg over fish and then the chopped yolk.


CHEESE BALLS

Take mashed cream cheese - add butter, cream and a little paprika. You
can chop either green peppers, almonds or olives in this mixture, or the
juice of an onion. Roll into small balls and serve on lettuce leaves.
This is also very good for sandwiches.


EGG APPETIZER

Boil eggs hard. Cut slice off the end, so that the egg will stand firm.
Dip egg in French dressing, then with a pastry bag arrange sardellen
butter on the top of egg. Have ready small squares of toasted bread,
spread with a thin layer of sardellen butter, on which to stand the
eggs. Caviar, mixed with some finely chopped onion, pepper and lemon
juice, may be used instead of the sardellen butter, but mayonnaise must
be used over the caviar.


DEVILED EGGS WITH HOT SAUCE

Take six hard-boiled eggs, cut lengthwise, remove yolk and add to same:
one dessertspoon of melted butter, Cayenne pepper, salt and chopped
parsley. Mash this mixture very fine and refill the whites of the eggs
and turn over on platter.

*Sauce.* - One tablespoon of butter, one tablespoon of flour, a pinch of
Cayenne pepper, salt and one pint of milk. Stir this mixture continually
until it thickens; beat the yolk of one egg and pour the hot gravy over
the same. Dress with chopped parsley and eat very hot. Sherry wine can
be added if desired.


STUFFED YELLOW TOMATOES

Take small yellow tomatoes, scrape out the centre and fill with caviar.
Serve on lettuce or watercress.


A DELICIOUS APPETIZER

Take as many slices of delicately browned toast as people to serve,
several large, firm tomatoes sliced, one green pepper, and store cheese.
Place a slice of tomato on each slice of toast and season with salt and
pepper and a dot of butter. Place several long, curly strips of pepper
around the tomato, and cover with a thin slice of the cheese. Place in
the oven until the cheese is melted. Serve piping hot.


CELERY RELISH

Boil about six pieces of celery root. When soft, peel and mash. Season
with salt, pepper, a little onion powder, a teaspoon of home-made
mustard and plenty of mayonnaise. Shape into pyramids, put mayonnaise on
the top of the pyramid, and on top of that either a little well-seasoned
caviar or some sardellen butter shaped in a pastry bag. Serve on a slice
of beets and a lettuce leaf.


SARDELLEN

Take one-quarter pound salted sardellen and soak in water over night.
Bone the next morning, put in cloth and press until dry; chop very fine,
almost to a paste; take one-half pound sweet butter, stir to a cream and
add the sardellen. Serve on toasted cracker or bread. Sprinkle with the
grated yellow and grated white of egg.


STUFFED EGGS

Hard boil eggs, drop into cold water, remove shells, cut each in half
lengthwise. Turn out yolks into a bowl. Carefully place whites together
in pairs, mash yolks with back of a spoon. For every six yolks put into
bowl one tablespoon melted butter, one-half teaspoon mustard (the kind
prepared for table), one teaspoon salt, dash of cayenne pepper. Rub
these together thoroughly with yolks. Make little balls of this paste
the size of the yolks. Fit one ball into each pair whites.


NUT AND CHEESE RELISH

Mix one package cream cheese with one cup of chopped nut meats, one
teaspoon of chopped parsley, two tablespoons of whipped cream, salt and
red pepper. Roll into balls and serve cold, garnished with parsley and
chopped nuts.


GRAPE-FRUIT COCKTAIL

Cut the grape-fruit into halves, crosswise, and scoop out the pulp,
rejecting the white inner skin as well as the seeds. Clean the shells;
cut the edges with a sharp knife into scallops and throw them into cold
water. Set the pulp on the ice. At serving time put a teaspoon of
cracked ice in the bottom of each shell; fill with the pulp, mixed
thoroughly with powdered sugar and a little sherry, if desired; and
place a maraschino cherry or bit of bright-colored jelly in the centre
of each. Lay on paper doilies or surround with bits of asparagus fern.


AMBROSIA

Fill glass with alternate layers of sliced orange and cocoanut; cover
with powdered sugar and place a maraschino cherry on the top of each.


PEACH COCKTAIL

Fill the glasses with sliced peaches; cover with orange or lemon juice;
sweeten to taste; add a little shaved ice and serve.

Apricot and cherry cocktails may be made in the same way.


RASPBERRY COCKTAIL

Mash a pint of ripe, red currants; strain them through cheesecloth; pour
the juice over a pint of red raspberries and set on the ice to chill. At
serving time sweeten to taste and pour into the glasses, putting one
teaspoon of powdered sugar on the top of each.


PINEAPPLE AND BANANA COCKTAIL

Take equal parts of banana and fresh or canned pineapple; cut into small
cubes and cover with lemon or pineapple juice. Serve in glasses or
orange shells placed on autumn leaves or sprays of green fern.


STRAWBERRY COCKTAIL

Slice five or six large strawberries into each glass and squeeze over
them the juice of an orange. At serving time add one heaping teaspoon of
powdered sugar and one tablespoon of shaved ice.


MUSK MELONS

Cut melon in half, seed and put on ice one hour before serving. When
ready to serve, fill with crushed ice and sprinkle with, powdered sugar.
Allow one-half melon for each person. Very refreshing for summer
luncheons or dinners. For dinner serve before soup.


FILLED LEMONS

Select good-sized lemons; cut off tip to stand the lemon upright; cut
top for cover. Scoop out all the lemon pulp, and put in a bowl; put
shells in a bowl of cold water. For six lemons take one box of boneless
sardines, six anchovies, and two green peppers, cut very fine. Wet with
lemon-juice until moist; fill in shells after wiping dry; insert a
pimento on top; put on cover of lemon; serve on doily with horseradish
and watercress.


RED PEPPER CANAPÉS

Mix together two chopped hard-boiled eggs, one tablespoon of chopped red
peppers (canned), a saltspoon of salt, a tiny pinch of mustard and two
tablespoons of grated American cheese with sufficient melted butter to
form a paste; spread over the rounds of fried bread and place in a very
hot oven for about three minutes. Serve on a folded napkin, garnished
with watercress.


SALTED PEANUTS

Shell and skin freshly roasted peanuts and proceed as in salting
almonds.


SALTED ALMONDS

Pour boiling water on the almonds; cool and remove the skins; dry
thoroughly and brown in a hot oven, using a half tablespoon of butter or
olive oil (preferably the oil) to each cup of nuts, which must be shaken
frequently. When brown, sprinkle well with salt and spread on paper to
dry and cool.

A still easier way to prepare the nuts is to cook them over the fire,
using a larger quantity of olive oil. As the oil can be saved and used
again, this method is not necessarily extravagant.




*SANDWICHES*


Bread should be twenty-four hours old and cut in thin, even slices. If
fancy forms are desired, shape before spreading with butter. Cream
butter and spread evenly.


ANCHOVY SANDWICHES

Pound the anchovies to a paste and mix with an equal quantity of olives
stoned and finely chopped.


CELERY SANDWICHES

Two cups of chopped celery, two tablespoons of chopped walnuts, two
tablespoons of chopped olives, quarter of a cup of Mayonnaise dressing.
Spread between slices of thin buttered bread.


FISH SANDWICHES

Spread one piece of bread with any kind of cold fish that has been
shredded and mixed with tartar sauce. Then put a lettuce leaf on that
and then a slice of hard-boiled egg that has been dipped in tartar
sauce. Cover with a slice of buttered bread.


NUT AND RAISIN SANDWICHES

Take equal quantities of nuts and raisins; moisten with cream or grape



Online LibraryFlorence Kreisler GreenbaumThe International Jewish Cook Book 1600 Recipes According to the Jewish Dietary Laws with the Rules for Kashering; the Favorite Recipes of America, Austria, Germany, Russia, France, Poland, Roumania, → online text (page 1 of 35)