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Florence Merriam Bailey.

Handbook of birds of the western United States : including the Great Plains, Great Basin, Pacific Slope, and lower Rio Grande Valley online

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and casual in the interior; winters in Peru.

63. Gelochelidon nilotica. Gull-billed Tern.

Almost cosmopolitan. In Am. breeds fromVa. to Tex. and the Bahamas;
winters in s. Mex. and s. Guat. and from Brazil to s. Argent.



494 ADDENDA

64. Sterna caspia. Caspian Tern.

Nearly cosmopolitan, breeding in isolated localities, such as Gt. Slave
Lake, Ore., coasts of Tex., etc.; winters from coast of cen. Calif, to L.C.
and w. Mex. and on Gulf and Atl. coasts.

65. Sterna maxima. Royal Tern.

Breeds on s. Atl. and Gulf coasts and in W.I. ; not rare in summer from
San Francisco Bay to w. Mex. ; winters from Monterey and Gulf of Mex.
s. to Peru and w. coast of Africa.

66. Sterna elegans. Elegant Tern.

Pacif. coast from San Francisco Bay to Chile.

69. Sterna forsteri. Forster Tern.

Breeds on interior lakes of Ore., Calif., and Nev., and from sw. Sask.
and Man. s. to n. Colo., n. Neb., s. Ont., and on coasts of Va., La., and
Tex.; winters from s. Calif., Gulf of Mex., and eastward, s. to Guat.

70. Sterna hirundo. Common Tern.

N. Hemis., n. S. Am., and Africa. Breeds from Gt. Slave Lake, cen.
Keew., and s. Ung. s. to N.C., n. Ohio, N.D., and sw. Sask.; winters from
Fla. to Brazil; casual in migration from B.C. to L.C.

71. Sterna paradiscea. Arctic Tern.

Nearly cosmopolitan. In Am. breeds from n. Alaska, Melville I., and
n. Greenl. s. to Mass., cen. Keew., Gt. Slave Lake, n. B.C., and Aleutian
Is. ; winters in Antarctic Ocean, s. to lat. 74; in migration Pac. coast s. to
s. Calif, and Atl. coast to L.I.
74. Sterna antillarum. Least Tern.

Breeds from s. Calif., nw. Neb., and Mass. s. to Fla., Bahamas. W.I.,
Gulf coast, Brit. Hond., and Venez.; winters from Gulf coast to Venez.
and Peru.
77. Hydrochelidon nigra surinamensis. Black Tern.

Breeds from sw. B.C., Great Slave Lake, s. Keew., and w. Ont. s. to
inland lakes of n. Ohio, n. Mo., Colo., Nev., and Calif. ; winters from Mex.
to Peru and Chile; coast of U.S. in fall.

80. Rhynchops nigra. Black Skimmer.

Trop. and Temp. Am. Breeds from Va. to Gulf coast and Tex.; occurs
regularly at mouth of Rio Grande; winters from Gulf coast to Colima,
Mex., and C.R.

81. Diomedea nigripes. Black-footed Albatross.

Breeds on islands- nw. of Hawaii and Marshall Is. ; occurs off coast
from s. Alaska to Calif, and w. Mex., and also China and Japan.

82. Diomedea albatrus. Short-tailed Albatross.

Pac. Ocean, from Bering Strait to L.C. and China.

83. Thalassogeron culminatus. Yellow-nosed Albatross.
Indian and S. Pac. Oceans; casually n. to coast of Ore.

84. Phcebetria palpebrata. Sooty Albatross.
Southern oceans; casually n. to coast of Ore.

85. Macronectes giganteus. Giant Fulmar.
Southern seas; casually n. to coast of Ore.

86b. Fulmarus glacialis glupischa. Pacific Fulmar.

N. Pac.; in winter, Aleutians to L.C.
86.1. Fulmarus rodgersi. Rodgers Fulmar.

Ids. of Arctic and Bering Sea; winters s. to San Diego.
87. Priocella glacialoides. Slender-billed Fulmar.

Southern seas, n. along Pac. coast to Ore.
91. Puffinus creatopus. Pink-footed Shearwater.

Pac. Ocean, from Farallon Is., Calif., to Chile.
93. Puffinus opisthomelas. Black-vented Shearwater.

Breeds along coast of Mex. and L.C.; migrates n. abundantly to Calif,
and casually to Vane. I.
95. Puffinus griseus. Sooty Shearwater.

Oceans of S. Hemis. ; in summer n. along Pac. coast to Alaska.
[95.1.] Puffinus carneipes. Pale-footed Shearwater.

Austral, and New Zeal. Seas, n. to Japan and casually to coast of Calif.



ADDENDA 495

96. Puffinus tenuirostris. Slender-billed Shearwater.

Pac. Ocean, breeding in S. Hemis., but migrating in summer to Kotze-
bue Sound.
96.2. Puffinus bulleri. New Zealand Shearwater.

New Zealand; casually n. to Calif.
105. Oceanodroma furcata. Forked-tailed Petrel.

Breeds on Is. from Arctic Ocean to Ore.; wanders s. to San Pedro, Calif.
105.2. Oceanodroma kaedingi. Kaeding Petrel.

Pac. coast and Ids. from Cape Flattery to s. Calif, and Socorro I.;
breeds s. to the Farallons.

107. Oceanodroma melania. Black Petrel.

Breeds from Los Coronados Is. to Tres Marias Is. ; wanders n. to Mon-
terey, Calif., and s. to Guerrero, Mex.

108. Oceanodroma homochroa. Ashy Petrel.

Coast of Calif. Breeds on Farallon and San Miguel Is.
108.1. Oceanodroma socorroensis. Socorro Petrel.

San Diego, Calif., s. to Is. off w. coast of Mex.: breeds on Los Corona-
dos and San Benitp Is.
118. Anhinga anhinga. Water-Turkey.

Lower Son. zone of Tex., s. 111., N.C., and Fla. s. to Trop. Am.; casu-
ally to Kan.

120. Phalacrocorax auritus auritus. Double-crested Cormorant.
Breeds from cen. Sask., s. Keew., ne. Que., and N.F. s. to Me., s. Minn.,

s. S.D., and Utah; winters from N.C. (casually Mass.) to Gulf coast.
120b. P. a. cincinatus. White-crested Cormorant.

Breeds from s. Alaska to Wash. ; south to Calif, in winter.
120c. P. a. albociliatus. Farallon Cormorant.

Coast and inland lakes of Ore., Nev., and Calif, s. to L.C. and Socorro
Is. ; casual to Utah.

121. Phalacrocorax vigua mexicanus. Mexican Cormorant.

Colo., N.M., Kan., and s. 111. s. to Bahamas and Cuba, Gulf of Mex.,
Mex., and Nicaragua.

122. Phalacrocorax penicillatus. Brandt Cormorant.
Pac. coast from Vane. Is. to Cape San Lucas.

123a. Phalacrocorax pelagicus robustus. Violet-green Cormorant.

Norton Sound, Alaska, s. to Wash.
123b. P. p. resplendens. Baird Cormorant.

Pacif. coast from n. Wash. s. to Cape San Lucas and Mazatlan, Mex.

125. Pelecanus erythrorhynchos. White Pelican.

Breeds from s. B.C., Gt. Slave Lake, and sw. Keew. to Man., Utah,
and s. Calif.; winters from s. Calif., the Gulf States, Fla., and Cuba s. to
w. Mex. and C.R. ; casual to Atl. coast in migration.

126. Pelecanus occidentalis. Brown Pelican.

Gulf coast of U.S. (Brownsville, Tex.) and Atl. coast of C. and S. Am.

127. Pelecanus californicus. California Brown Pelican.

Pac. coast, from s. B.C. to the Galapagos Is. and Ecuador. Breeds
n. to Anacapa Is., Calif.

128. Fregata aquila. Man-o'-war-bird.

Trop. and subtrop. coasts; in Am. n. to s. Calif., Tex., La., and Fla.,
and casually to Humboldt Bay, Calif., and e. to Kan., Iowa, Ohio, and N.S.

129. Mergus americanus. Merganser.

Breeds from s. Alaska, s. Yukon, Gt. Slave Lake, cen. Keew., s. Ung.,
and Newfoundland s. to Me., n. N.Y., s. Minn., s. S.D., and cen. Ore.;
and in mts. s. to N.M., cen. Ariz., and n. Calif.; winters from Aleutians,
B.C., Ida., n. Colo., n. New Eng., and N.B. s. to Gulf States, Bermuda,
and Chihuahua.

130. Mergus serrator. Red-breasted Merganser.

Breeds from cen. B.C., Gt. Slave Lake, cen. Keew., cen. Ung., and Newf.
s. to cen. Fla., s. Kan., s. Wyo., and s. Ore.; winters from s. B.C., Utah,
Colo., and Neb. e. to Atl. coast, and s. to Gulf States, Cuba, Mex., and L.C.



496 ADDENDA

?131. Lophodytes cucullatus. Hooded Merganser.

Breeds from cen. B.C., Gt. Slave Lake, cen. Ung., and Newf. s. to
cen. Fla., s. La., s. Kan., s. Wyo., and s. Ore.; winters from s. B.C., Utah,
Neb., Ind., and Mass. s. to Cuba, Gulf States, Mex., and L.C.

132. Anas platyrhynchos. Mallard.

N. Hemis. In Am. breeds from Pribilof Is., nw. Alaska, n. Mack., cen.
Keew., and Greenl. s. to Md. (rarely), cen. Mo., s. Kan., s. N.M., and
L.C.; winters from the Aleutians, cen. Alaska, cen. Mont., Wyo., and
Neb. e. to Atl. and s. to Lesser Antill., Mex., and Panama.

133. Anas rubripes. Black Duck.

Breeds from cen. Keew., and n. Ung. s. to s. Md., and n. Wis.; winters
from N.S. s. to s. La. West in migration to S.D. and Colo.
134a. Anas fulvigula maculosa. Mottled Duck.

Resident in s. Tex. and La.

135. Chauleslasmus streperus. Gadwall.

Nearly cosmopolitan. In N.Am. breeds from s. B.C., and cen. Keew.
s. to s. Wis., s. Colo., and s. Calif.; winters from s. B.C., Ariz., Ark., and
eastward s. to Fla., Jalisco, and s. L.C.

136. Mareca penelope. Widgeon.

N. part of E. Hemis. Occurs occasionally in winter and migration in
e. U.S., Cal., and Alaska.

137. Mareca americana. Baldpate.

Breeds from nw. Alaska, n. Mack., and cen. Keew. s. to Ind., Kan.,
Colo., Utah, Nev., and Ore.; winters from s. B.C., Ariz., s. 111., and east-
ward s. to W.I., C.R., and L.C.
[138]. Nettion crecca. European Teal.

N. part of E. Hemis. Breeds in Aleutians and migrates rarely to Calif.,
New Eng., Va., etc.

139. Nettion carolinense. Green-winged Teal.

Breeds from the Aleutians, nw. Alaska, n. Mack., cen. Keew., n. Ung.,
and Newf. s. to se. Can., n. Neb., n. N.M., and cen. Calif.; winters from
Aleutians, B.C., Ney., s. Neb., and eastward s. to L.C., W.I., etc.

140. Querquedula discors. Blue-winged Teal.

Breeds from cen. B.C., Gt. Slave Lake, and Newf. s. to Maine, w. N.Y.,
s. Ind., n. N.M., n. Nev., and cen. Ore.; winters from s. Calif., Ariz., s.
111., and Del. s. to-W.L, Brazil, and Chile.

141. Querquedula cyanoptera. Cinnamon Teal.

Breeds in N.Am. from s. B.C., sw. Alb., and se. Wyo. s. to Tex., Chi-
huahua, and n. L.C.; winters from s. Calif., and s. Tex. s. to cen. Mex.
and s. L.C. Casual in Kan., Man., and e. states. Occurs in S.Am. from
Peru and Brazil to Falkland Is.

142. Spatula clypeata. Shoveller.

N. Hemis. In N.Am. breeds from nw. Alaska, nw. Mack., and s.
Keew. s. to n. Ind., cen. N.M., and s. Calif.; winters from s. B.C., Ariz.,
N.M., s. 111., and Del. s. to W.I., Colombia, and Hawaii.

143. Dafilaacuta. Pintail.

N. Hemis. In N.Am. breeds on Arctic coast from Alaska to Keew. and
s. to n. 111., Neb., s. Colo., and s. Calif.; winters from s. B.C., Nev., Ariz.,
s. Ohio, and eastward s. to P.R. and Panama.

144. Aix sponsa. Wood Duck.

Breeds from s. Can. s. to Fla., Cuba., s. Tex., and cen. Calif.; winters
from s. B.C., Kan., Ind., and N.J. s. to Gulf of Mex. and s. Calif.

146. Marila americana. Redhead.

Breeds from s. B.C., cen. Sas., and sw. Keew. s. to s. Wis., S.D., N.M.,
Colo., Utah, and Calif.; winters from s. B.C., Utah, and Kan. e. to Atl.
and s. to Fla., cen. Mex., and L.C.

147. Marila valisineria. Canvas-back.

Breeds from cen. B.C., Ft. Yukon, Gt. Slave Lake, and sw. Keew. s.
to Minn., Colo., and Ore.; winters from s. B.C., Nev., Colo., 111., and
eastward south to Gulf coast and Jalisco.






ADDENDA 497

148. Marila marila. Scaup Duck.

N. part of N. Hemis. In N.Am. breeds from Aleutians, nw. Alaska,
Gt. Slave Lake, and cen. Keew. s. to N.D. and s. B.C.; winters from Aleu-
tians, Nev., Colo., Lake Ont., and Me. s. to Fla., the Bahamas, s. Tex.,
a. N.M., and s. Calif.

149. Marila affinis. Lesser Scaup Duck.

Breeds from Yukon Vail, and Ft. Anderson, Mack., s. to Lake Erie,
Iowa, Colo, (casually), s. Mont., and cen. B.C.; winters from s. B.C., Nev.,
Colo., Lake Erie, and N.J. s. to Bahamas, Lesser Antilles, and Panama.

150. Marila collaris. Ring-necked Duck.

Breeds from s. B.C., n. Alb., and Lake Winnipeg s. to Wis. and N.D.;
winters from s. B.C., N.M., n. Tex., s. 111., and N.J. s. to P.R. and Guat.

151. Clangula clangula americana. Golden-eye.

Breeds from cen. Alaska, N. Mack., cen. Keew., n. Ung., and Newf.
s. to n. New Eng., n. N.Y., n. N.D., s. Mont., and s. B.C.; winters from
the Aleutians, Utah, Neb., Lake Erie, Maine, and N.B. s. to Fla., cen.
Mex., and s. Calif.

152. Clangula islandica. Barrow Golden-eye.

Breeds from s. cen. Alaska, nw. Mack., and n. Ung. to Que., s. Colo.,
and s. Ore. ; winters from Alaska, Mont., Gt. Lakes, and Gulf of St. Lawr.
to New Eng., Neb., Colo., and Calif.

153. Charitonetta albeola. Buffle-head.

Breeds from the upper Yukon, the lower Mack., Gt. Slave Lake, and"
cen. Keew. s. to Ont., n. Wyo., and B.C.; winters from Aleutians, Colo.,
and N.Y. s. to Fla. and cen. Mex.

154. Harelda hyemalis. Old-squaw.

N. part of N. Hemis. In N. Am. breeds from Is. of Bering Sea, Arctic
coast of Alaska, Melville Is., Grinnell Land, and n. Greenl. s. to Hudson
Bay, e. cen. Mack., and Aleutians ; winters from the Aleutians, Greenl.,
and Gulf of St. Lawr. s. to Fla., Tex., Colo., and Calif.

155. Histrionicus histrionicus. Harlequin Duck.

N. N. Am. and e. Asia. Breeds from Kowak and Yukon Rivers, Arctic
coast, and Greenl. s. to Newf., n. Ung., cen. Mack., and B.C.; s. in mts.
to sw. Colo, and cen. Calif. ; in flocks in summer near Pribilof and Aleu-
tian Is. and on coast of Wash.; winters from Calif., Colo., Lake Mich.,
and Gulf of St. Lawr. s. to Me. and rarely N.J.
160. Somateria dresseri. Eider.

Breeds from s. Ung. and Newf. to Me. and Hud. Bay; winters from
Newf. to Va., and casually to Colo.
163. Oidemia americana. Scoter.

N. N. Am. and e. Asia. Breeds from Kotzebue Sound to Aleutians,
also Hud. Bay, Newf., etc.; winters from Is. of Bering Sea to Japan and
Calif., Gt. Lakes, and occasionally Colo., Wyo., etc.

165. Oidemia deglandi. White-winged Scoter.

Breeds from ne. Siberia, Alaska, Mack., and n. Ung. s. to Que., N.D.,
Alb., and cen. B.C.; winters on Pac. coasts to China and L.C., on Gt!
Lakes, and Atl. coast to Fla. ; casually to Colo., Neb., and La. ; non-breed-
ing birds occur in summer as far s. as R.I. and Monterey, Calif.

166. Oidemia perspicillata. Surf Scoter.

Breeds from Kotzebue Sound to Sitka, and from nw. Mack, and Hud.
Strt. s. to Que., Keew., and Gt. Slave Lake; non-breeding birds occur in
summer on Pac. coast to L.C. and on Atl. to L. I. ; winters on both coasts,
Gt. Lakes, and casually Colo., Kan., Iowa, 111., and La.

167. Erismatura jamaicensis. Ruddy Duck.

Breeds from cen. B.C., Gt. Slave Lake, s. Keew. and n. Ung. s. to Me.,
Ont., Neb., n. N.M., cen. Ariz., and n. L.C.; winters from s. B.C., Ariz.,
N.M., and Me. s. to Lesser Antilles and Costa Rica.

168. Nomonyx dominions. Masked Duck.

W.I. and Tropical Am. Rare and local from lower Rio Grande in Tex.,
Mex., Guat., and w. S. Am.



498 ADDENDA

169. Chen hyperboreus hyperboreus. Snow Goose.

Breeds from mouth of Mack, probably to Melville Is.; winters from
B.C., s. Colo., and s. 111. s. to La., Tex., Jalisco, and n. L.C. ; also to Japan.
Rare in e. U.S.

169. 1. Chen ccerulescens. Blue Goose.

Breeding range unknown, but probably n. Ung.; winters from Neb.
and 111. to La. and Tex. (Brownsville).

170. Chen rossi. Ross Snow Goose.

Breeding range unknown but probably n. of Mack. ; winters in Calif. ;
in migration occurs in Ore., etc.
17 la. Anser albifrons gambeli. White-fronted Goose.

Breeds on and near Arctic coast from ne. Siberia to ne. Mack, and s. to
lower Yukon Vail.; winters to Japan and from B.C. to Mex. and e.
172. Branta canadensis canadensis. Canada Goose.

Breeds from lower Yukon, nw. Mack., and cen. Keew. s. to Ind., Neb.,
n. Colo., and Calif.; winters from s. B.C., s. Colo., so. 111., and N.J. s. to
Gulf of Mex. and Calif.
172a. B. c. hutchinsi. Hutchins Goose.

Breeds from Kowak Vail., Alaska, and from mouth of Mack. e. along
Arctic shores and islands from lat. 70 s. to Hud. Bay and Melville Penin. ;
winters from B.C., Nev., Colo., and Mo. s. to La., Tex., and L.C. Rare
,from Miss. Vail. e.
172b. B. c. occidentalis. White-cheeked Goose.

Breeds from Prince Wm. Sound and Mitkof Is. s. to ne. Calif. ; winters
from Wash, to s. Calif.
I72c. B. c. minima. Cackling Goose.

Breeds from Norton Sound to Aleutians; winters from B.C. to San
Diego Co., Calif.; casual e. to Colo, and Miss. Vail.
173a. Branta bernicla glaucogastra. Brant.

N. Hemis. Breeds on Arctic Is. n. of lat. 74 and w. to about long.
100; winters from Mass, to N.C.; casual on s. border of B.C.; recorded
Humboldt Co., Calif., and from interior.
174. Branta nigricans. Blac^Brant.

Breeds on Arctic coast and Is. ; winters on Pac. coast from B.C. s. to San
Quintin Bay,. L.C. , and interior of Ore. and Nev.; and on Asiatic coast
s. to Japan.

176. Philacte canagica. Emperor Goose.

Coasts of Alaska, chiefly in region of Norton Sound and lower Yukon:
s. in winter to s. Alaska; casually to n. Calif. Rare in U.S.

177. Dendrocygna autumnalis. Black-bellied Tree-duck.

Breeds from Corpus Christi, Tex., to Mazatlan, Mex. and Panama;
winters from cen. Mex. to Panama.

178. Dendrocygna bicolor. Fulvous Tree-duck.

Sw. U.S. and Mex., Uruguay and Argentina, S. Africa, and India.
Breeds from cen. Calif., s. Ariz., and cen. Tex. to s. Mex..

180. Olor columbianus. Whistling Swan.

Breeds in Arctic regions ; winters largely over the U.S. ; casual in n. Mex.

181. Olor buccinator. Trumpeter Swan.

Interior and w. N. Am. Breeds from Arctic Ocean to about lat. 60;
winters from s. B.C., cen. Calif., s. Ind., and s. 111. s. to Tex. Casual in
Rocky Mt. region of U.S. in migration.

183. Ajaia ajaja. Roseate Spoonbill.

Coast of Tex., La., Fla., and Ga. s. to Patagonia and Falkland Is.

184. Guara alba. White Ibis.

L.C., Tex., and S.C. s. to W.I., Brazil, and Peru; casually to S.D., Gt.
Salt Lake, and e. ; winters from Gulf of Mex. s.

187. Plegadis guarauna. White-faced Glossy Ibis.

Temperate and Tropical Am. from Ore., Nev., Utah, and Tex. to Mex.;
casual to B.C., Wyo., and Neb.

188. Mycteria americana. Wood Ibis.

Temperate and Tropical Am. from s. Calif., Ariz., Tex., Ohio Vail.,
and S.C. to Argentina; casually n. to Idaho, Mont., and e.



ADDENDA 499

190. Botaurus lentiginosus. Bittern.

N. Am., s. to Cuba and Pana., breeding in suitable localities in the
U.S., Can., and Mex.

191. Ixobrychus exilis. Least Bittern.

Breeds from s. Ore., s. Sas., s. Man., s. Que., and N.S. s. to W.I. and
Brazil; winters from Fla. and Gulf of Mex. s.
194. Ardea herodias herodias. Great Blue Heron.

Breeds from s. Can. s. across the U.S.; winters from Ore. and Ohio to
Venezuela.
194a. A. h. fannini. Northwestern Coast Heron.

From Prince Wm. Sound, Alaska s. to Wash.

196. Herodias egretta. Egret.

Breeds in Ore. and Calif, and from Fla., Gulf coast, and Mex. s. to Pata-
gonia.

197. Egretta candidissima candidissima. Snowy Egret.

Temperate and Tropical Am. Breeding range now greatly restricted and
local.

198. Dichromanassa rufcscens. Reddish Egret.

Breeds from L.C., s. Tex., and Fla. to Jamaica and Guat. ; winters
from s. Fla. s. ; casual in Colo.

200. Florida ccerulea. Little Blue Heron.

N. and S. Am. Now breeds locally on Gulf coast and in S.C. ; winters
from S.C. s.

201. Butorides virescens virescens. Green Heron.

Breeds from s. S.D. and se. Can. s. to W.I.; winters rarely in se. states
and from W.I. s. Casual in Colo.
201c. B. v. anthonyi. Anthony Green Heron.

Arid sw. U.S. Breeds from n. Calif, s. to n. L.C., s. Ariz., and Michoa-
can, Mex. ; winters from s. Calif, to s. Mex.

202. Nycticorax nycticorax ncevius. Black-crowned Night Heron.
Breeds from n. Ore., s. Wyo., s. Man., n. Que., and N.S. s. to Patagonia;

winters from n. Calif, and Gulf States s.

203. Nyctanassa violacea. Yellow-crowned Night Heron.

Breeds from s. L.C., Kan., s. III., and S.C. s. to Brazil and Peru; casual
to Colo. ; winters from s. L.C. s.

204. Grus americana. Whopping Crane.

N. Am. Breeds now mainly in Mack, and Sask.; winters from Gulf
States to cen. Mex.; casual w. to Mont., Colo., and Mex.

205. Grus canadensis. Little Brown Crane.

Breeds from n. Alaska, Melville I., and Boothia Penin. s. to cen. Keew.,
s. Mack., and cen. Alaska; migrates through interior of U.S., and winters
s. to Tex. and Jalisco, Mex. ; casual to Calif.

206. Grus mexicana. Sandhill Crane.

From s. Can. to Fla. and cen. Mex., breeding from Can. to Ariz.
208. Rallus elegans. King Rail.

Breeds from Neb., w. Kan., Ont., N.Y., and Conn. s. to Fla., Cuba,
and Tex.; winters mainly in s. part of breeding range; casual to
S. Dak.
210. Rallus obsoletus. California Clapper Rail.

Salt marshes of coast near San Francisco.
210.1. Rallus levipes. Light-footed Rail.

Marshes of s. Calif, from Santa Barbara s. to San Quintin Bay,
L.C.
21 la. Rallus crepitans saturatus. Louisiana Clapper Rail.

Resident on coast from La. to Brownsville, Tex.
212. Rallus virginianus. Virginia Rail.

Breeds from s. Can. s. to N.C., 111., Kan., Utah, and Calif.; winters
from Ore., Utah, Colo., and se. states s. to L.C. and Guat.
214. P or zana Carolina. Sora.

Breeds from cen. B.C., s. Mack., cen. Keew., and Gulf of St. Lawr.
s. to N.J., ID., Kan., Colo., Utah, and s. Calif.; winters from n. Calif.,
111., and S.C. s. through W.I. and C. A. to Venez. and Peru.



500 ADDENDA

215. Coturnicops noveboracensis. Yellow Rail.

Breeds from s. Mack., cen. Keew., s. Ung., and Labr. s. to Me. and
Minn. ; winters in Gulf states and rarely Calif.
216.1. Creciscus coturniculus. Farallon Black Rail.

Pacif . coast of U.S. Breeds in coast marshes of Calif. ; casual in Wash.,
Ore., and L.C.
219. Gallinula galeata. Florida Gallinule.

Breeds from cen. Calif., Ariz., Neb., Ont., N.Y., and Vt. s. through
W.I. and Mex. to Chile and Argentina, and in Galapagos and Bermuda;
winters from s. Calif., Ariz., Tex., and Ga. s. ; casual in Colo., etc.

221. Fulica americana. Coot.

Breeds from cen. B.C., s. Mack., Man., Que., and N.B. s. to N.J.,
Tenn., Tex., and n. L.C., also in s. Mex., s. W.I., and Pana.; winters from
s. B.C., Nev., Utah, Ohio Vail., and Va. s. to Pana.; casual in Alaska,
Lab., Greenl., and Bermuda.

222. Phalaropus fulicarius. Red Phalarope.

N. and S. Hemis. In N. Am. breeds from n. Alaska, Melville I., and
n. Ellesmere Land s. to s. Greenl., Hud. Str., cen. Keew., n. Mack., and
mouth of Yukon; migrates along both coasts of U.S.; winter home un-
known but probably on oceans at least as far s. as Falkland and Juan
Fernandez Is. Casual in interior to Colo., Kan., and e.

223. Lobipes lobatus. Northern Phalarope.

N. and S. Hemis. In N. Am. breeds from n. Alaska, Melville I., and
Greenl. s. to n. Ung., cen. Keew., n. Mack., and Aleutians; winter home
unknown but probably oceans s. of equator; in migration occurs nearly
throughout U.S. and in Mex., C.A., Bermuda, and Hawaii.

224. Steganopus tricolor. Wilson Phalarope.

Breeds from c. Wash., Alb., and Lake Winnipeg s. to Iowa, s. Kan.,
s. Colo., and e. Calif.; winters from Chile and Argentina to Falkland Is.
Casual in migration on Pac. from s. B.C. to L.C. and on Atl. from Me.
to N.J.

225. Recurvirostra americana. Avocet.

Breeds mainly from Ore., Alb., and Man. s. to Iowa, Tex., N.M., and
Calif. ; winters from Calif, and Tex. to Guat.

226. Himantopus mexicanus. Black-necked Stilt.

Temperate N. and S. Am. Breeds from cen. Ore., n. Utah, and s. Colo,
s. to La., s. Tex., Mex., N.M., and s. Calif.; also from cen. Fla. through
Bahamas, and W.I. to n. Brazil and Peru; winters from s. L.C., s.
Tex., and s. Fla. s. through C. Am. and W.I. to n. Brazil, Peru, and
Galapagos.
228. Philohela minor. Woodcock.

Breeds from s. Man., s. Que., and U.S. s. to Fla., La., and Kan.; win-
ters from s. Mo., Ohio Vail, and e. to coast, s. to Fla. and Tex. ; casual to
Colo., Keew., Sask., etc.
230. Gallinago delicata. Wilson Snipe.

Breeds from nw. Alaska, n. Mack., cen. Keew., and n. Ung. s. to N.J.,
111., s. Colo., and s. Calif.; winters from n. Calif., N.M., Ark., and N.C.
through C. Am. and W.I. to Colombia and s. Brazil; winters casually and
locally in Wash., Mont., Idaho, etc.

232. Macrorhamphus griseus scolopaceus. Long-billed Dowitcher.
Breeds from Pt. Barrow, Alaska to mouth of Yukon and nw. Mack. ;

winters from Mex., La., and Fla, s. probably to S. Am.

233. Micropalama himantopus. Stilt Sandpiper.

Breeds near coast of Mack, and probably cen. Keew.; winters s. to
Uruguay and Chile; casual in winter in s. Tex. and Mex.

234. Tringa canutus. Knot.

N. and S. Hemis., chiefly on seacoasts. Breeds from n. Ellesmere Land
s. to Melville Penin. and Icel., etc.; winters in Am. s. to s. Patagonia;
rare in interior of N. Am. and on Pac. coast.
235a. Arquatella maritima couesi. Aleutian Sandpiper.

Breeds on Commander, Aleutian, and Shumagin Is. ; winters on Com-



ADDENDA 501

mander, Kurile, Kadiak, and Aleutian Is. and on Alaska coast to Sitka;
in migration occurs on Kotzebue Sound and at Plover Bay, Siberia, and
has been taken on coast of n. Ore.

239. Pisobia maculata. Pectoral Sandpiper.

Breeds on Arctic coast from n. Alaska to mouth of Yukon and ne. Mack. ;
winters from Peru and Bolivia to n. Chile, Argentina, and cen. Patagonia.

240. Pisobia fuscicollis. White-rumped Sandpiper.

Breeds along Arctic coast from nw. Mack, to Cumberland I. ; winters
from Paraguay to Patagonia and Falkland Is. ; migrates west to Rocky Mts.

241. Pisobia bairdi. Baird Sandpiper.

Breeds along Arctic coast from Pt. Barrow to n. Keew. ; winters in
Chile, Argent., and Patag. Regular migrant from Rocky Mts. to Miss.,
irregular along coasts.

242. Pisobia minutilla. Least Sandpiper.

Breeds from nw. Alaska, s. Arc. Is., and n. Ung. to Gulf of St. Lawr.,
s. Ung., cen. Keew., n. Mack., and Yakutat Bay; winters from Calif.,
Tex., and N.C. s. to Brazil, Chile, and Galapagos.
243a. Pelidna alpina sakhalina. Red-backed Sandpiper.



Online LibraryFlorence Merriam BaileyHandbook of birds of the western United States : including the Great Plains, Great Basin, Pacific Slope, and lower Rio Grande Valley → online text (page 56 of 65)