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Florence Merriam Bailey.

Handbook of birds of the western United States : including the Great Plains, Great Basin, Pacific Slope, and lower Rio Grande Valley online

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381. Micropallas whitneyi. Elf Owl.

S. Calif, to s. Tex. and s. through tablelands of Mex. and L.C.
382.1. Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha. Thick-billed Parrot.

Mts. bordering tablelands of Mex.; n. casually to Chiricahua Mts.,
Ariz.

1 Sequence of species changed in 1910 Check-List.



ADDENDA 509

384. Crotophaga sulcirostris. Groove-billed Ani.

Breeds from lower Rio Grande Vail., Tex., and s. L.C. s. to Peru; casual
in Ariz., Kan., La., and Fla.

385. Geococcyx calif ornianus. Road-runner.

Mainly Low. Son. and low. part of Up. Son. zones in Calif, (n. to up.
Sac. Vail.), Colo., and w. and mid. Tex. s. through L.C. and tableland of
Mex. to Puebla.

387. Coccyzus americanus americanus. Yellow-billed Cuckoo.

Breeds mainly in Austral zones from N.D., Minn., Ont., and Me. s.
to Fla., La., Okla., Tamaulipas and Nuevo Leon; migrates through W. I.
and C. Am.; winters in S. Am. s. to Ecuad., Boliv., and Argent.
387a. C. a. occidentalis. California Cuckoo.

Breeds in Tran. and Son. zones from B.C. and Colo. s. to cen. Tex.,
Tamaulipas, Chihuahua, and L.C.; migrates through Costa Rica; winter
home probably S. Am.

388. Coccyzus erythrophthalmus. Black-billed Cuckoo.

Breeds mainly in Tran. zone from se. Alb., s. Que., and Pr. Edw. I. s.
to mts. of Ga. and N.C., Ark., and Kan.; winters in S.A. from Colombia
to Peru.

389. Trogon ambiguus. Coppery-tailed Trogon.

Valley of Low. Rio Grande in Tex. and s. Ariz. s. to Oaxaca and
Guerrero, Mex. ; rare in U.S.

390. Ceryle alcyon. Belted Kingfisher.

N. Am. except nw. coast. Breads from nw. Mack., cen. Keew., n. Que.,
and Newf. s. to s. border of U.S.; winters from B.C., Neb., Ind., Ohio,
and Va. s. to W.I., Colombia, and Guiana, and irregularly as far n. as Ont.
390o. C. a. caurina. Northwestern Belted Kingfisher.

Nw. coast district.
39Q.I.Ceryle torquata. Great Rufous-bellied Kingfisher.

Tropical Mex. to s. Brazil; casual on lower Rio Grande in Tex.

391. Ceryle americana septentrionalis. Texas Kingfisher.
S. Tex. and Sinaloa, Mex., s. to Panama.

393. Dry abates villosus villosus. Hairy Woodpecker.

Tran. and Up. Aus. zones from s. Man. to N.B., s. to n. and mid. parts
of e. states, and w. to Okla., e. Colo., and S.D.
393a. D. v. leucomelas. Northern Hairy Woodpecker.

Canadian zone of Canada and n. Mont.
393c. D. v. harrisi. Harris Woodpecker.

Pac. coast in humid Tran. zone from Alaska s. to n. Calif. (Humboldt
Bay) ; in winter to Monterey.
393d. D. v. hyloscopus.' Cabanis Woodpecker.

Tran. and Can. zones of Calif, and Nev. s. to n. L.C.
393e. D. v. monticola. Rocky Mountain Hairy Woodpecker.

Can. and Tran. zones of Rocky Mts. from e. Wash., Mont., and w.
Neb. s. to N.M. and Utah.
393/i. D. v. leucothorectis. White-breasted Woodpecker.

Can. and Tran. zones from s. Utah, N.M., and extreme sw. Tex. s. to
mts. of w. Zacatecas.
394a. Dryobates pubescens gairdneri. Gairdner Woodpecker.

Humid Tran. zone of Pac. coast from s. B.C. s. to Mendocino Co.,
Calif.
3946. D. p. homorus. Batchelder W T oodpecker.

Can. and Tran. zones from s. B.C. e. of Cascade range to extreme e.
Colo., w. Neb., and e. Calif.
394c. D. p. medianus. Downy Woodpecker.

Can. and Tran. zones of n. and cen. parts of e. N. Am. from se. Alb.,
Man., and s. Ung. s. to Potomac Vail., Kan., and Neb.
394e. D. p. turati. Willow Woodpecker.

Up. Son. and Tran. zones of Calif, (except on nw. coast and desert
ranges).



510 ADDENDA

396. Dryobates scalaris cactophilus. Cactus Woodpecker.

Low. Son. desert region from se. Calif, to cen. Tex. and from Colo.,
Utah, and s. Nev. s. to n. Mex.
396a. D. s. lucasanus. San Lucas Woodpecker.

Low. Son. deserts from San Gorgonia Pass in s. Calif, s. to s. L.C.

397. Dryobates nuttalli. Nuttall Woodpecker.
Up. Son. zone from sw. Ore. to nw. L.C.

398. Dryobates arizonoe. Arizona Woodpecker.

Up. Son. zone in mts. from se. Ariz, and sw. N.M. s. through Sierra
Madre to Zacatecas.

399. Zenopicus albolarvatus. White-headed Woodpecker.

Mainly Tran. zone in mts. from s. B.C. tow. Idaho, s. to w. Nev. and
s. Calif.

400. Picoides arcticus. Arctic Three-toed Woodpecker.

Can. zone of n. N. Am. from s. Alaska, cen. Yukon, s. Mack., cen. Keew.,
and s. Ung. s. to Me., N.Y., Minn., S.D. (Black Hills), Wyo., Ida., Nev.,
and Sierra Nev. of Calif.
4016. Picoides americanus dorsalis. Alpine Three-toed Woodpecker.

Boreal forests of Rocky Mt. region from Idaho and Mont, to high mts.
of N.M. and Ariz.

402. Sphyrapicus varius varius. Yellow-bellied Sapsucker.

Breeds in Can. and up. part of Alleg. zone from sw. Mack., cen. Keew.,
cen. Que., and Cape Breton I. s. to mts. of Mass, and N.C., and to Ind M
Mo., and cen. Alb.; winters from Ohio Vail, and Pa. to Bahamas, Mex.,
and C.R.; casual in Wyo.
402a. S. v. nuchalis. Red-naped Sapsucker.

Breeds in Boreal and Tran. zones from cen. B.C. and s. Alb. s. to w.
Tex., cen. N. M., and ne. Calif.

403. Sphyrapicus ruber ruber. Red-breasted Sapsucker.

Breeds in Tran. zone from n. Calif, (w. of Sierra Nev.) to mts. of s.
Calif.; in winter s. to s. L.C. and s. Ariz.
403a. S. r. notkensis. Northern Red-breasted Sapsucker.

From Skagway, Alaska, to e. slope of Cascades and s. to Siskiyou Mts.,
n. Calif. ; in winter s. to Monterey, Calif.

404. Sphyrapicus thyroideus. Williamson Sapsucker.

Breeds in Tran. and Can. mt. forests from B.C. and Mont. s. to cen.
N.M., cen. Ariz., and s. Calif.; winters in s. Calif., N.M., w. Tex., and s.
to Jalisco, Mex.
405a. Phloeotomus pileatus abieticola. Northern Pileated Woodpecker.

Can. and Tran. zone forests from ne. B.C., s. Mack., s. Keew., cen.
Que., and Newf. to s. Alleg., n. N.M., and s. Sierra Nev. of Calif.

406. Melanerpes erythrocephalus. Red-headed Woodpecker.

Breeds in Tran. and Aus. zones from se. B.C., Man., andOnt., s. to vails,
of Del. and Hud., Gulf coast, cen. Colo., and cen. Mont.; casual in Ariz.,
N.M., Utah., N.S., and N.B.; irregularly migratory in n. parts of range.

407. Melanerpes formicivorus formicivorus. Ant-eating Woodpecker.
Tran. and Up. Son. zones from n. Ariz., n. N.M., and w. Tex. s. through

Mex. to Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

407a. M . f. bairdi. California Woodpecker.

Up. Son. and lower part of Tran. zones of Pac. Coast region from sw.
Ore. s. to n. L.C.

408. Asyndesmus lewisi. Lewis Woodpecker.

Tran. zone from s. B.C. and s. Alb. to N.M. and Ariz., and from
inner coast ranges of Calif, to Black Hills, S.D., andw. Neb.; in winter to
s. Calif., w. Tex., and Chihuahua; casual in w. Kan.

409. Centurus carolinus. Red-bellied Woodpecker.

Mainly Low. Aus. zone from se. S.D., s. Minn., sw. Ont., Pa., and Del.
s. to Gulf coast and cen. Tex.; casual to Colo., and Mass.

410. Centurus aurifrons. Golden-fronted Woodpecker.
Cen and n. Tex. s. to Vail, of Mex.



ADDENDA 511

411. Centurus uropygialis. Gila Woodpecker.

Low. part of Low. Son. zone from the Colo. Vail, in se. Calif, and se.
Nev. to sw. N.M., and s. through L.C. and w. Mex. to Tepic.
412a. Colaptes auratus luteus. Northern Flicker.

Breeds from tree-limit in nw. Alaska, nw. Mack., cen. Keew. f and
Newf . s. to n. edge of Austrorip. zone e. of Rocky Mts. ; occas. on Pac.
slope from Calif, n. ; migratory through most of Can. and extreme n. U.S. ;
s. in winter to Gulf coast and s. Tex.
413. Colaptes cafer collaris. Red-shafted Flicker.

Pac. coast region and Rocky Mts. from B.C. to Sask., s. to n. border
of Mex. and L.C.; w. to coast ranges in Wash, and Ore., to coast from
Humboldt Co. s.
413a. C. c. saturatior. Northwestern Flicker.

Humid Tran. zone of nw. coast from Sitka to n. Calif.
4146. Colaptes chrysoides mearnsi. Mearns Gilded Flicker.

Low. Son. zone in extreme sw. Calif., n. L.C., and s. Ariz. s. to s. So-
nora.

416. Antrostomus carplinensis. Chuck- will's- widow.

Breeds in Austroriparian zone from Mo., Ind., s. Ohio, and Va. s. to
Gulf states and cen. Tex.; winters from s. Fla. to Gtr. Antill., C.A.,
and Colombia; casual in Kan. and Md.

417. Antrostomus vociferus vociferus. Whip-poor-will.

Breeds from Man., s. Que., N.B., and N.S. s. to n. parts of Ga., Miss.,
La., and Tex.; winters from S.C. and s. Gulf States to Brit. Honduras
and Salvador.
417a. A. v. macromystax. Stephens Whip-poor-will.

S. Ariz., N.M., and sw. Tex. s. through mts. of n. Mex.; in winter s.
to Guat.

418. Phalcenoptilus nuttalli nuttalli. Poor-will.

Breeds in Tran. and Up. Son. zones from se. B.C., and nw. N.D. s. tos.
Tex., n. Coahuila, s. Ariz., s. S.D., and e. Calif.; winters fromse. Calif,
and s. Tex. to cen. Mex.
418a. P. n. nitidus. Frosted Poor-will.

W. Ariz, to w. Kan. s. to Coahuila and Cape Region of L.C.
4186. P. n. californicus. Dusky Poor-will.

Coast region of Calif, from about lat. 40 s. to San Pedro Martir Mts.,
L.C. Breeds in Tran. and Up. Son. zones.

419. Nyctidromus albicollis merrilli. Merrill Parauque.

S. Tex. (mainly Rio Grande Valley) s. to n. Vera Cruz; in winter along
the Gulf coast to Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

420. Chordeiles mrginianus henryi. Western Nighthawk.

Breeds from se. B.C., Alb., and s. Sask. s. to s. Tex. and mts. of n. Mex. ;
winters in S. Am.
420c. C. v. sennetti. Sennett Nighthawk.

Breeds on treeless Tran. zone plains from Sask. and Man. s. to cen.
Neb. ; in migration in Tex. ; winter range probably S.A.
420d. C. v. hesperis. Pacific Nighthawk.

Breeds from sw. B.C. s. along coast to n. Calif., and in Sierra Nevada
s. to San Bernardino Mts. ; winter home unknown.

421. Chordeiles acutipennis texensis. Texas Nighthawk.

Breeds in Low. Son. zone from cen. Calif, to s. Tex. and s. to s. Mex.
and Cape San Lucas; winters s. of U.S.

422. Cypseloides niger borealis. Black Swift.

Breeds from se. Alaska and s. Colo-, s. to Mex. ; winters in s. Mex.

423. Chcetura pelagica. Chimney Swift.

Breeds from se. Sask., Man., cen. Que., and Newf. s. to Gulf coast;
winters s. of U.S., probably to C. Am.

424. Chcetura vauxi. Vaux Swift.

Breeds from se. Alaska to cen. Calif., e. to w. Mont, and Nev.; rare
and sporadic e. of Cascades and Sierra Nev. ; migrates through L. Cal.
and Ariz., and winters in C. Am.



512 ADDENDA

425. Aeronautes melanoleucus. White-throated Swift.

Breeds from s. B.C., s. Alb., and Black Hills s. to Guat. and L.C.

426. Eugenes fulgens. Rivoli Hummingbird.

Mts. of se. Ariz., sw. N.M., Mex., and C. Am. s. to Nicar.

427. Cyanolcemus clemencice. Blue-throated Hummingbird.
Mts. of s. Ariz., sw. N.M., w. Tex., and Mex., to Oaxaca.

428. Archilochus colubris. Ruby-throated Hummingbird.

Breeds from se. Sask., cen. Que., and Cape Breton I. s. to Fla., Gulf
coast, and cen. Tex.; winters from La. and Fla. s. through s. Mex. and
C. Am. to Panama.

429. Archilochus alexandri. Black-chinned Hummingbird.

Breeds in Tran. and Up. Son. zones from B.C. to w. Mont., s. to cen.
Tex., n. Mex., and n. L.C.; winters in w. Mex. s. to Guerrero.

430. Calypte costce. Costa Hummingbird.

Breeds in Low. Son. zone from s. Calif, and sw. Utah s. to s. L.C. and
s. N.M.; winters in L.C. and nw. Mex.

431. Calypte anna. Anna Hummingbird.

Up. Son. zone in Calif, (chiefly w. of Sierra), and L.C.; migratory in s.
Ariz. ; casual on Guad. I.

432. Selasphorus platycercus. Broad-tailed Hummingbird.

Breeds in Can. zone from s. Idaho and s. Wyo. s. to Vail, of Mex. ; win-
ters in Mex. s. to Guat. ; w. in migration to e. Calif.

433. Selasphorus rufus. Rufous Hummingbird.

Can. and Tran. zones from coast of Alaska (lat. 61), B.C., and s. Alb.,
s. to higher mts. of Idaho and Calif. ; winters in s. Mex. ; in migration e.
to Wyo., e. Colo., s. Ariz., and w. Tex.

434. Selasphorus alleni. Allen Hummingbird.

Breeds in Tran. and Up. Son. zones from cen. Wash, to n. L.C. ; win-
ters in L.C. and Sonora.

435. Atthis morcomi. Morcom Hummingbird.
Huachuca Mts., Ariz, (only two specimens known).

436. Stellula calliope. Calliope Hummingbird.

Breeds in Tran. and Can. zones in mts. from B.C. to s. Ore., Idaho, and
Wyo., and in the Sierra Nev. to s. Calif.; winters in Mex. to Guerrero;
casual in Colo.

437. Calothorax lucifer. Lucifer Hummingbird.

S. Ariz, and w. Tex. s. to City of Mex., Puebla, and Chiapas; winters
in Mex.

438. Amizilis tzacatl. Rieffer Hummingbird.
Lower Rio Grande Vail, in Tex. s. to Venez.

439. Amizilis cerviniventris chalconota. .Buff-bellied Hummingbird.
Lower Rio Grande Vail, in Tex. s. to s. Tamaulipas.

439.1. Uranomitra salvini. Salvin Hummingbird.

Huachuca Mts., Ariz., and e. Sonora.
440.1. Basilinna leucotis. White-eared Hummingbird.

Chiricahua, Huachuca, and Santa Rita Mts. of se. Ariz. s. to s. Mex.
441. Cynanthus latirostris. Broad-billed Hummingbird.

S. Ariz, and sw. N.M. s. to City of Mex.
441.1. Platypsaris aglaice albiventris. Xantus Becard.

Huachuca Mts., Ariz., s. to Nueyo Leon and Oaxaca.

443. Muscivora forficata. Scissor-tailed Flycatcher.

Breeds in Low. Son. zone from s. Kan. to s. Tex.; winters from s. Mex.
to Panama.

444. Tyrannus tyrannus. Kingbird.

Breeds in Tran. and Son. zones from s. B.C., s. Mack., s. Keew., n.
Ont., cen. Que., and Newf. s, to cen. Fla., cen. Tex., n. N.M., and cen.
Ore. ; winters from s. Mex. to Peru and Bolivia.
446. Tyrannus melancholicus couchi. Couch Kingbird.

Vail, of Low. Rio Grande in Tex. s. to Vera Cruz and Puebla; winters
in Mex.



ADDENDA 513

447. Tyrannus verticalis. Arkansas Kingbird.

Breeds mainly in Son. zones from s. B.C., s. Alb., and s. Sask. s. to
Chihuahua and L.C.; winters from w. Mex. to Guat.

448. Tyrannus vociferans. Cassin Kingbird.

Breeds in Up. and Low. Son. zones from cen. Calif, and s. Wyo. s. to
w. Tex., N.M., and Michoacan; winters from s. Calif, and n. Mex. to Guat. ;
casual in Ore. and n. Calif.

449. Pitangus sulphuratus derbianus. Derby Flycatcher.
Vail, of Low. Rio Grande, Tex., s. to Costa Rica.

451. Myiodynastes luteiventris. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher.
Mts. of se. Ariz. s. to Pana. ; winters s. of U.S.

452. Myiarchus crinitus. Crested Flycatcher.

Breeds from Up. Tran. in s. Man., cen. Ont., s. Que., and N.B. s. to
s. Fla., and Tex.; winters from e. and s. Mex. to Pana. and Colombia.

453. Myiarchus magister magister. Arizona Crested Flycatcher.

S. Ariz, and sw. N.M. s. through w. Mex. to Oaxaca and Chiapas.
453a. Myiarchus magister nelsoni. Mexican Crested Flycatcher.

Vail, of Lpw. Rio Grande, Tex., s. through e. and s. Mex. to Guat.,
Hond., and Salv.

454. Myiarchus cinerascens cinerascens. Ash-throated Flycatcher.
Breeds from s. Wash., n. Utah., cen. Colo., and cen. Tex. to Tamau-

lipas, Durango, Sinaloa and n. L.C.; winters s. to Guat. and Yucatan.
455a. Myiarchus lawrencei olivascens. Olivaceous Flycatcher.
S. Ariz. s. through w. Mex. to Oaxaca.

456. Sayornis phoebe. Phcebe.

Breeds from sw. Mack., Alb., s. Keew., Ont., Que., N.S., and Pr. Edw.
I. s. to highlands of Ga., n. Miss., cen. Tex., and ne. N.M.; winters in
U.S. s. of lat. 37 s. to Vera Cruz and Oaxaca; in migration casual to
Colo, and Wyo.

457. Sayornis sayus. Say Phcebe.

Breeds from cen. Alaska, nw. Mack., ne. Alb., se. Sask., and cen. N.D.
s. to w. Kan., s. N.M., Ariz., and L.C.; winters from cen. Calif., s. Ariz.,
s. N.M., and cen. Tex. to Vera Cruz, Puebla, and L.C.

458. Sayornis nigricans. Black Phoebe.

Breeds in Up. and Low. Son. zones from Calif, w. of the Sierra to Cape
San Lucas, e. through s. Calif, and Ariz, to s. N.M. and cen. Tex., and
over Mex. (except Gulf coast) to Yucatan.

459. Nuttallornis borealis. Olive-sided Flycatcher.

Breeds in Can. and Tran. zones from cen. Alaska, s. Mack., s. Keew.
cen. Que., and Cape Breton Is. s. in coniferous forests of w. U.S. to w.
Tex., Ariz., and s. Calif., and also n. Mich., N.Y., and Mass. s. in mts.
to N.C. ; migrates through Mex. and C. Am. ; winters from Colombia to
Peru.

460. Myiochanes pertinax pallidiventris. Coues Flycatcher.

Mts. of cen. Ariz. s. through Chihuahua, Sonora, and Durango to
Tepic.

461. Myiochanes virens. Wood Pewee.

Breeds from Man., Ont., s. Que., and Prince Edw. I. s. to cen. Fla. and
s. Tex.; winters from Nicar. to Colombia and Peru; casual in Colo.

462. Myiochanes richardsoni richardsoni. Western Wood Pewee.
Breeds from Alaska, s. Mack., cen. Sask., and s. Man. s. to n. Mex.,

and L.C. ; migrates through Mex. and C. Am.; winters in Ecuad., Peru,
and Bolivia.

463. Empidonax flaviventris. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher.

Breeds in Can. zone from n. Alb., n. Man., and Newf., s. to N.H.,
n. Mich., and N.D. ; winters from s. Mex., and Guat. to Pana.

464. Empidonax difficilis difficilis. Western Flycatcher.

Breeds from Glacier Bay, Alaska, se. B.C., Mont., and sw. S.D. to
w. Tex. and s. Calif. : winters in Mex. s. to Cape San Lucas, Tres Marias
I., and Oaxaca.



514 ADDENDA

464a. E. d. cineritius. San Lucas Flycatcher.

Breeds from San Diego Co., Calif., and Hansen Laguna to Cape regioo
of L.C.

466. Empidonax trailli trailli. Traill Flycatcher.

Breeds from s. B.C. and Idaho s. to Tamaulipas, N.M., Ariz., and s.
Calif.; winters in C. Am. s. to Nicar. and Colomb.
466a. E. t. alnorum. Alder Flycatcher.

Breeds mainly in Hud. and Can. zones from cen. Alaska, nw. Mack.,
s. Keew., cen. Que., and Newf. s. to mts. of W.Va. and to N.J., s. Ont.,,
s. Minn,, and e. Mont.; winters in C. Am. s. to Panama.

467. Empidonax minimus. Least Flycatcher.

Breeds in Can. and Tran. zones from Mack., s. Keew., Que., and Cape
Breton I. s. to N.C. (in Allegs.), Ind., cen. Neb., e. Wyo., and s. cen.
Mont. ; in migration to e. Colo, and cen. Tex. ; winters from ne. Mex. and
Yucatan to Pana. and Peru.

468. Empidonax hammondi. Hammond Flycatcher.

Breeds in Can. and Tran. zones from se. Alaska, s. Yukon, and cen.
Alb., s. to Colo., and s. Calif.; winters from n. Mex. to Guat.

469. Empidonax -wrighti. Wright Flycatcher.

Breeds in Can. and Tran. zones from s. B.C. and sw. Sask. s. to w.
Tex., N.M., Ariz., and Calif.; winters from n. to s. Mex.
469.1. Empidonax griseus. Gray Flycatcher.

Breeds in Tran. and Boreal zone from mts. of Ore., s. Calif., Nev., Ariz.,,
and N.M. s. to s. end of Mex. tableland; winters from s. Calif, and s. Ariz. s.
to Puebla and Tepic; casual in Colo.
470a. Empidonax fulvifrons pygmceus. Buff-breasted Flycatcher.

Up. Son. zone from s. Ariz., N.M., to s. Durango; winters s. of U.S. to
Jalisco, Tepic, Morelos, and Michoacan.

471. Pyrocephalus rubinus mexicanus. Vermilion Flycatcher.

Breeds in Low. Son. zone from se. Calif., s. Nev., sw. Utah., Ariz., s.
N.M., and Tex. s. to Yucatan, Guat. and Hond.

472. Camptostoma imberbe. Beardless Flycatcher.

S. Ariz, and vail, of Low. Rio Grande, Tex., s. through Mex. to Guat.
and Nicar.
474a. Otocoris alpestris arcticola. Pallid Horned Lark.

Breeds in Alaska (except Pac. coast) and in Up. Yukon Vail. ; winters s.
to Ore., Mont., and Utah.
4746. O. a. praticola. Prairie Horned Lark.

Breeds chiefly in Tran. zone from s. Man. and s. Que. s. to Conn., Ohio,
and Kan.; winters s. to Tex., Tenn.. and Ga.; casually to Ariz, and Colo.
474c. O. a. leucolcema. Desert Horned Lark.

Breeds chiefly in Tran. zone from s. Alb. and s. Sask. s. to w. Kan.,
n. N.M., and s. Nev.; winters s. to se. Calif., Tex., and Sonora.
474d. O. a. giraudi. Texas Horned Lark.

Low. Son. zone of coast of Tex. and Tamaulipas from Galveston Bay
to s. of Rio Grande.
474e. O. a. actia. California Horned Lark.

San Francisco Bay and San Juaquin Vail, to n. L.C.
474/, O. a. rubea. Ruddy Horned Lark.

Sacramento Valley, Calif.

4740. O. a. strigata. Streaked Horned Lark.

Breeds in Wash, and Ore. w. of Cascades ; in winter e. to e. Wash, and
Ore., s. to n. Calif.
474/i. O. a. adusta. Scorched Horned Lark.

Low. Son. zone in s. Ariz., N.M., and n. cen. Mex.

4741. O. a. merrilli. Dusky Horned Lark.

Breeds chiefly in semi-arid Tran. zone from s. B.C. and nw. Idaho to
ne Calif, (e. of Cascades) and nw. Nev. ; winters s. to Cen. Calif.
474;. O. a. pallida. Sonora Horned Lark.

Low. Colo. Vail, from s. Nev. to head of Gulf of Calif.



ADDENDA 515

474k. O. a. hoyti. Hoyt Horned Lark.

Breeds n. to limit of trees from mouth of Mack., to w. shore of Hud.
Bay; winters s. to Nev., Utah., Kan., and Mich.
4741. O. a. occidentalism Montezuma Horned Lark.

Cen. Ariz, and N.M., migrating into w. Tex., Sonora, and Chihuahua.
474m. O. a. insularis. Island Horned Lark.

Resident on Santa Barbara Is., Calif.; occurs in winter on neighboring
mainland.

475. Pica pica hudsonia. Black-billed Magpie.

Mainly Boreal and Tran. zones from e. Aleutians, mid. Yukon, cen.
Alb., s. Sask., and Lake Winnipeg s. (between e. slope of Cascades and
Sierra Nev. and w. N.D. and w. Tex.) to N.M. and Ariz.

476. Pica nuttalli. Yellow-billed Magpie.

Son. zones of Calif, w. of Sierra Nev. from Tehama Co. to Ventura and
Kern cos., chiefly in Sacramento and San Joaquin valleys.

477. Cyanocitta cristata cristata. Blue Jay.

Breeds from cen. Alb., s. Keew., Que., N.8., and Newf. s. to Gulf States
(except Fla.), west to cen. Tex., e. Colo., and S.D.; casual in N.M.

478. Cyanocitta stelleri stelleri. Steller Jay.

Pac. coast from Cook Inlet, Alaska s. into Ore. (including Vane, and
other islands except Prince of Wales and Queen Charlotte).
478a. C. s. frontalis. Blue-fronted Jay.

Can. and Tran. zones of inner coast ranges of n. Calif., and both slopes
of Sierra Nev. from Mt. Shasta to San Jacinto and San Pedro Martir
Mts., L.C.
4786. C. s. diademata. Long-crested Jay.

Can. and Tran. zones of s. Rocky Mts. from Wasatch Mts., Utah, and
s. Wyo., s. to Zacatecas and Jalisco.
478c. C. s. annectens. Black-headed Jay.

Can. zone of n. Rocky Mts. from B.C. to ne. Ore., Idaho, and Wyo.;
casual in Utah in winter.
478e. C. s. carbonacea. Coast Jay.

Breeds in humid Pac. coast strip from w. Ore. to Santa Lucia Mts.,
Calif., and e. to mts. on w. side of Napa Vail. ; in winter e. to Gabilan and
Mt. Diablo ranges.

480. Aphelocoma woodhousei. Woodhouse Jay.

Up. Son. zone of Gt. Basin and adjacent arid region, breeding in Up.
Son. zone from se. Ore., s. Idaho, and s. Wyo. s. to w. Tex., N.M., Ariz.,
and se. Calif, (e. of Sierra Nev.).
480.2. Aphelocoma texana. Texas Jay.

Cen. and w. Tex. from Kerr and Sutton cos. w. to Davis Mts.

481. Aphelocoma californica californica. California Jay.

Up. Son. zone of Ore. and Calif, from Columbia R. s. including both
slopes of Cascades and Sierra Nev. to San Bernardino.
4816. A. c. obscura. Belding Jay.

S. coast district of Calif, from San Fernando and San Bernardino Mts.
s. to s. end of San Pedro Martir Mts., L.C.
481.1. Aphelocoma insularis. Santa Cruz Jay.

Santa Cruz I., Calif.

482. Aphelocoma sieberi arizonce. Arizona Jay.

Up. Son. zone in s. Ariz., N.M., Sonora, and Chihuahua.
482a. A. s. couchi. Couch Jay.

Up. Son. zone from Chicos Mts., sw. Tex., to s. Nuevo Leon and n.
Coahuila.

483. Xanthoura luxuosa glaucescens. Green Jay.

Low. Son. zone from lower Rio Grande Vail., Tex. (from Laredo) s. to
Tamaulipas and Nuevo Leon, Mex.

484. Perisoreus canadensis canadensis. Canada Jay.

Breeds from limit of conifers in nw. Mack, and cen. Keew. and from
n. Que., s. to N.S., Me., N.Y. (Adirondacks) , Mich., and w. cen. Alb.
Recorded from Turtle Mts., N.D.



516 ADDENDA

484a. P. c. capitalis. Rocky Mountain Jay.

Boreal zones of Rocky Mt. region from cen. B.C., s. Alb., and sw.
S.D. s. to N.M. and Ariz.; in winter to nw. Neb.

485. Perisoreus obscurus obscurus. Oregon Jay.

Pac. coast Boreal zone from sw. B.C. to Mendocino Co., Calif.
485a. P. o. griseus. Gray Jay.

Interior Boreal zone of s. B.C. s. in Cascades to n. Calif.; casual in
Sierra to Lake Tahoe.

486. Corvus corax sinuatus. Raven.

Ore., Mont., and S.D., s. to Honduras, and e. probably to Mo., 111.,
and Ind.
486a. C. c. principalis. Northern Raven.

Nw. Alaska, Melville I., Ellesmere Land, and n. Greenl. s. to Ga. (in
higher Alleg.), coast of Va. and N.J., cen. Minn., and Wash.

487. Corvus cryptoleucus. White-necked Raven.

Low. Son. deserts, breeding from se. Calif, and Ariz, to w. Tex., s. to
Guanajuato and Michoacan, Mex.

488. Corvus brachyrhynchos brachyrhynchos. Crow.

Breeds from sw. Mack., cen. Keew., cen. Que., and Newf. s. to Gulf
coast (except Fla.) and s. Tex. ; winters from near the n. boundary of the
U.S. s.
4886. C. b. hesperis. Western Crow.

E. cen. B.C. and Mont. s. to w. Tex., Ariz., and s. Calif.

489. Corvus caurinus. Northwestern Crow.

Nw. coast from Kadiak I. and Kukak Bay to Puget Sound.

491. Nucifraga columbiana. Clarke Nutcracker.

Summers in Boreal zones from Bristol Bay, Alaska, w. cen. Alb., and
sw. S.D. (Black Hills) s. to high mts. of N.M., Ariz., and s. Calif. Breeds
early in Tran. zone.

492. Cyanocephalus cyanocephalus. Pinon Jay.

Mainly Up. Son. zone, breeding chiefly in pinon and juniper belt of mts.
from cen. Wash., Idaho, and cen. Mont. s. to w. Tex., s. N.M., Ariz., and



Online LibraryFlorence Merriam BaileyHandbook of birds of the western United States : including the Great Plains, Great Basin, Pacific Slope, and lower Rio Grande Valley → online text (page 58 of 65)