Frances Harriet Green.

Analytical class-book of botany: designed for academies and private students ... online

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Branohlets hi^id; leaves obovate, ot oblong, mosdy smooth, hairy on the
midveiii, mar^ and petiole; flowers white, sometimes tinged with rose-color,
in laxge, terminal cla8ter^ fttigrant; calyx-teeth minate; corolla clammy, with
viscid hairs; tube twice as long as the lobes; stamens slightly exsert; style
much exsert A handsome shmb, distingoished (h>m the last by its viadd
flowers, which usually do not appear till the leaves are ftilly grown. Stem ^
8 ft high. Swamps and low grounds. June— July,

9. KlLMIA
Calyx 5-parted. Corolla rotate-eampannlate, 54obed, with 10

cavities inside, corresponding to 10 prominences outside, in which
the anthers are lodged at first Filaments elastic, throwing the
anther when released from the corolla against the pistil Capsole
globose, 6-celled, many-seeded. Evergreen shrubs,

1. K. Iatif61ia. High Laurel.

Leaves mostly alternate, oval-lanoeolate, or elllptica], acute at both ends,
smooth, green on both ddes; flowers in terminal corymbs, white, shaded with
pink; peduncles clammy-pubescent; pedicels bracted. A splendid flowering
shmb, 4—8 ft high, of a very crooked and irregular growth, distinguished by
its hard and compact wood. Not uncommon in woods and dry thickets. June,

2. K. anguBtif61ia. Low Laurel, Sheep Laurel,

Leaves mostly opposite, or In threes, narrow-oblong, or oblong-lanceolate,

light green, paler beneath, obtuse at each end ; corymbs lateral and axillary ;

flowers deep red, about half as large as in the last; bracts minute, llnear-lan-

; ceolate, 8 at the base of each pedicel A low shrub, 2—4 ft high, common In

damp grounds. June — July,

10. P^KOLA

Calyx 5-parted, persistent Petals 6, concave, deciduous.
Stamens 10. Filaments subulate. AnUiers large, pendulous,
opening by 2 pores at apex, more or less 2-oeUea. Style long,
often decUned. Stigma 5-rayed, 6-tubercled at apex. Capsule
6 celled, 6-valved, many-seeded.

* Stamens ateending. Style dsoUnate.

1. P. rotuDdif61ia. Pound-leaved Pyrdla,

Leaves orbicular, thick and shining, entire, mostly shorter than the petioles;
scapes 8-ang1ed ; flowers white, hvge, drooping, (Vagrant, in a long, terminal ra-
ceme ; calyx-teeth lanceolate, acute ; petals round-obovate. A common ever-
green, propagating like the other speeies of the genus, by underground shoots,
which terminate in a duster of petiolate, radical leaves; Scape brscted, V—W
high. Woods. July,

2. P. cblordntha. Oreen-flowered Pyrdla.

Leaves small, nearly orbicular, thick, dull green, much shorter than the pe-
iole; raceme fow-flowered; flowers rather large, nodding^ remote, greenish-
white, with very short bracts; calyx -teeth roundish -ovate, very short
obtuse; petals oblong. A smaller spedee than the last distinguished by its
ttuU green, much smaller leaves, and greenish flowers. Scapes 4— 8-flowered,
y— 8' high. CSommon, especially in pine woods. June.

3. P. ellTptioa. Oval-leaved Pyrdla.

Leaves thin, elliptical, smooth, mostly larger than the marginal petioles; ra-
cemes many-flowerod ; flowers white, nodding, fhigrant ; calyx-teeth ovate,
acute ; petals obovato. A common and elegant spedes, growing in woods, wdl
Aiaiked by its thin, ellipUcal leaves. Scape b'—lV high. July,
* * Stamens and ttyle aSratght

4. P. seodnda. One-sided Pyrola.

Jieaves ovate, acute, finely serrate, thin, longer than the petiole ; raceme
dense, seeund; flowers small, greeniah-white; oalyx-tceth ovate; petals ob-



long; style exsert; leaves in 1 or 2 tuftoonashovt stem; seape 8'— V Ugh.
Bather common in woods. July.

It CHIMAPHiLA
Petals 6, concave, spreading. Stamens 10. Filaments hairy
and dilated in the middle. Anthers as in Pyrola. Style short
and thick. Stigma broad, orbicular, obscurely 5-toothed on the
margin. Capsme 5-celled, opening from the apex downwards.

1. C. umbelldta. Prince's Pine.

Leaves wedge-haeeolate, tq>erlng at base, serrate, dark-green on both tfdes,
eoriaceona, arranged somewhat in whoris around Ae low stem ; flowers larger
light purple or whitish, fhigrant 8—7 in a terminal corymb ; bracts linear-sntm-
late ; anthers violet A handsome eveigreep, common in woods, having the
general aspect of Pjrrola, and propa^^ng in the same manner, by nndtfgrouiid
shoots. Woods. July,

2. 0. maculdta. Spotted Wintergreen.

Leaves ovate-lanceolate, remotely serrate, usually of a dark brown hoe, va-
riegated with white on the upper snrftoe ; flowers luge, purplish-white, 1—6 in
terminal corymbs; filaments woolly. A pretty spedes, much resembling the
last but distinguished especially by its variegated loaves JTot uneonnnoD to
sandy woods. Stem 4^— 8' high. June— July,

12. HYP6PITT8.
Sepals 4 — 5, bractlike, deciduous. Petals 4 — ^6, distinct^ fleshy,
gibbous at base. Stamens 8 — 10. Filaments subulate. Anthers
2-celled. Style columnar, hollow. Stigma disklike, bearded at
the margin. Capsule 4 — 5-celled, 4 — 5-valved. Leajiess herbs.

1. H. Ianagin6sa. Pine Sap.

Clothed with soft pubescence ; stem simple, Aimbhed with alternate scales
instead of leaves; flowers brownish-white or tawny, as well as the rest of the
plant In dose, bracted racemes, at first nodding, afterwards erect; terminal
flower with 10 stamens and 6 petals; the rest with 8 stamens and 4 petals; cap^
sule subglobose. A fleshy, leafless plant ps^tic, especially eo the roots of
beeches and pines. Scape V—lQf high. Bather common in rich woodsi Jvly

-^Aug. An.

la M0N6TE0PA

Calyx 'represented by 2—4 deciduous bracts. Petals 6, di»
tinct, fleshy, gibbous at base. Stamens 10. Filaments hairy.
Anthers short, 2-celled. Stigma orbicular, orenately 5-toothea,
naked. Capsule 5-ceIled.

1. M. anifl6ra. Indian Pipe.

Plant smooth, fleshy, white throughout scentless; stem low, simple, fur-
nished with lanceolate scales instead of leaves^ one-flowered ; flower large,
smooth inside and out nodding at first finally erect A curious plant common
in ridi woods, springing up among the decaying leavea. June-July. An.



Order LXVIII. AauifolidcesB. — HoVaj-
famwy.

1. Ilex.
Calyx 4 — 5-toothed. Corolla 4 — 5-parted, somewhat rotate.
Stamens 4 — 5. Stigmas 4 — 5, united or distinct Berry 4 — 5-
seeded.

1. I. opkca. AfMtican Holly,

Leaves evergreen, oval, flat tapering at both ends, coriaceous, smooth arid
shining; armed with strong; spiny teeth, on the undulate margins ; flowers smaU,
greenish-white, in loose dusters, which are axillary, or sttnated at the base of
the young branches ; calyx-teeth acute ; berry ovate, red wh«n ripeu A tree of
middling size, marked by its glossy spiny foliage, and red berries. Abundant
in some districts near the sea-coast June.

a. PBiNOS.
Flowers mostly polygamous. Calyx usually 6, rarely 4 — 6-
deft Corollafl, rardy4 — 5-cleft^ Stamens 6, rarely 4 or 5. Stig-
mas 6, rarely 4 or 6. Berry roundish, usually 6-seeded.

1. P. verticilldtus. Black Alder.

Leaves dedduous, oval, obovate, or wedge-lanceolate, serrate, acuminata
tapering at base, pubescent on the veins beneaUi ; flowers white, axillary,
on very short peduncles; fertile ones closely aggregsted ; sterile ones somewliat



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ORDER LXXI. PRIMULAOEI2: — ^PRIMBOSR-TRIBE. ORDER LXXm. PLUMBAGINAOEfi — THRIFT-FAMILY. 177



■mbdled ; pedicels 1-flowered ; berries ronndldi, scarlet^ persistent fhrongh the
winter. A shrub with very rariable foliage, 4—^ ft high, common in swsmps
end low grounds. Jun€,

Order LXXI. Primuldcese. — PHvirose-
tribe.

BTNOP8IS OF THE GENERA.

1. PidMirLA. Flowers nmbelled. Learee radical.

2. TBiKNTALiSk Corolla rotate, 6—8, nsoally 7-parted. Oanline leaves in a
slnffle whorL

8. LtbimXohxa. Corolla yellow, rotate, 5-parted.

4 SImolub. Corolla campannlata, white. Leayes alternate.

* 1. PBlMULA.
OaIvx tubular, 6-cleft. Corolla salver-form, spi
Mobed. Stamens 5, inolnded. Stigma globose. Oa]
ing by lO-clefts at apex. Per*

1. P. aarlcala. AwricuLa.

Leaves obovate, fleshy, entire or serrate ; scape many-flowered, as long as
(be leayes ; flowers showy and fragrant, in an inyolocrate nmbel, in cnltiyation
varying to almost all possible hoes; involncre-leaves short; calyx mealy. A
well-known flower, long an e^>ecial fkvorite of the florists, of whldi namber-
lees varieties are cultivated. May,

2. P. eUtior. Ooiii^ Primrose,

Leaves toothed, rugose, hafary on both sides; nmbel many-flowered; outer
flowers nodding ; flowers yellow, scentless ; corolla flat A British q>eeles, not
nnconunon in cultivation. April— May,



3. P. v^ris.



English, Cowslip,



Leaves toothed, rugose, hairy beneath ; umbels many-flowered ; flowera all
nodding, yellow ; calyx angular ; corolla concave. The plant has a strong smell
of anise.

4. P. vulgaris. Common Prim/rose,

Leaves obovate, or oblong, rugose, villous beneath, toothed ; umbel radical;
tne pedicels rising directly flrom the root, as long as the leaves ; flowers in a wild
state, yellow and single, but in cultivation passing into numerous other colors,
often double, and sometimes on a ^cape. The plant smells of anise. Common
in cultivation. April.

8. TBI]ftNTALIS.
Calyx mostly ^-parted. Corolla mostly ^-parted, flat, with-
out any tube. Stamens mostly 7. Filaments united in a ring at
base. Capsule many-seeded. Per.



1. T. AmerioAna.



Chicle Wintergreen,



stem low, rimple, slender, crowned by a whorl of leaves at top, naked be-
low ; leaves 5—6 in a whorl, narrow-lanceolate, tigering at both ends, serrulate,
thin and delicate, light green ; flowers few, on very slender peduncles, pro-
jecting fh>m among the leaves, white and starlike ; sepab Hnear, acuminate,
shorter than the segments of the corolla. A very slender and delicate plant,
common in damp rich woods. BtemO^— lO' high. May,

a LYSDClCHIA
Calyx 5-parted. Corolla 5-parted, rotate, with a yery short
tube. Limb 5-parted, spreading. Stamens 5, often united in a
ring at base. Capsule globose, 5 — lO-yalved, opening at apex.
Per,

1. L. Btrlota. Upright Loosestrife,

stem erect, simple or branching; leaves oi^Msite, or in threes, lanceolate^
tapering at both end^ smooth, punctate, sessile ; flowers numerous, on slender
pedicel^ whorled, the numerous whorls fcnming a long, cylindrical raceme;
pedicels nearly horizontal, with a subulate bract at base ; corolla yellow, spotted
with purole ; capsule 5-seeded. An elegant idant, 1—3 ft high, in swamps and
wet grounds. After flowering, bulblets appear in the axils. C(Hnmon. Jvly,

2. L. oilidta. Fringed Loosestrife,

noariy square, erect, branching; leaves ovate-lanceolate, entire, oppo-

»ly in fbura, rounded or cordate at base, with dilate petioles; flowers

light yellow, nodding, on slender, axillary peduncles ; stamens Inserted in

distinct, alternating with 6 sterile fllamentu A rather elegant spedes^ S

hi^ oommcQ in low groundsi July,

23




3. L. lanceolita. Narrow-lewved Loosestrife,

stem erect, branching, 4-angled ; leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, ta
pering at both ends, opposite, on short, dilate petioles; flowers large, yellow,
nodding, on slender, axillary peduncles; stamens united in a ring, alternating
with 5 sterile filaments. A smaller and more slender plant than the hat, 1—8
ft high, distinguished ttom the last by its narrow leaves, acute at both ends.
Common in swamps. July.

4. L. qnadrif61ia. Four-leaved Loosestrife,

stem erect, simple, somewhat hairy ; leaves whorled in four^ rarely in threes
or sixes, lanceolate, or ovate-lanceolate, dotted; flowers nodding, yellow, on
slender, axillary peduncles, shorter than the leaves; coroUa marked with purple
lines; filaments united at base; anthers short A common spedee, in sandy
soils. Stem 10"— 18' high. Jutu,

4 BlMOLUS.
Calyx partly adherent to the ovary, 5-cleft. Corolla some-
what campanulate, 5-cleft Stamens 5, altematbg with 5 sterile
filaments. Capsule opening by 5 yalves at top, many-seeded.
Per.

1. S. floribtlndus. Water Pimpernel,

Stem branching, leafy ; leaves enthre, obtuse, alternate ; radical ones obo-
vate, or spatulate, petlolate; canline oblong or oval; uppermost snbsessile;
flowers in numerous, loose racemes, panlculatdy arranged, white ; pedicels ea-
pilUuy, with minute bracts near the middle ; calyx-teeth ovate, shorter than the
corolla. A low, smooth shrub, 6' — ^19' high, not uncommon in low grounds.
JuneSfpt

Order LXXII. Plantagindcesa. — PloMai/ii'

farniUy,

1. plantAgo.

Calyx-teeth 4, persistent, dry and scarious on the margin.
Corolla tubular, withering, with a 4-cleft, reflexed border. Sta-
mens mostly exsert and very long. Capsule an ovoid, 2-celled
pyxis. Acauleteent,

1. P. mdjor. Common Plantain.

Leaves large, ovate, tapering abruptly at base, scarcely toothed, very strong-
ly ribbed, with stout, nearly parallel veins, on long, channelled, fleshy petioles;
spike long, cylindrical ; flowers densely imbricated, whitish, inconspicuous. A
very conunon plant, about paths and houses, in damp soil Sc^>e8 8'— 2 ft
hi^ Juns—Sept

2. P. lanceoldta. Btbtoort.

Leaves Umceolate, strongly 8 - 5-nerved, nearly entire, tapering at both ends,
more or less hairy on the petioles and veins; petioles slender; scape slender,
angular, more or less pubescent ; spike ovate, densely flowered ; stamens whit-
ish, much exsert, with dark anthers. A smaller and more dender qtedee than
the kst, with scapes 6'— 20^ hi^ Common in dry, grassy fields. May— OeL

3. P. maritima. . Sea Plantain.

Mostly smooth ; leaves linear, fieshy, channelled above, rounded in the lower
dde, nearly entire; sciqw terete; flowers whitish, in dense, cylindricd spikes,
sometimes scattered bdow. A very fleshy spedes, common in sdt marshes
near the coast, and is distinguished by Its numerous half-terete, channelled
leaves. Scapes 4'— 6' high. Jidy—Avg,



Order LXXHI.



PlumbagindceaB. — ThHftr
family.

1. STlTICB.
Flowers scattered, or loosely spicate in a compound corymb,
l-sided, 2 — 8-bracted. Calyx fiinnel-form, dry and membranous,
persistent Petals 5, mostly distinct, with lon^ daws. Stamens
5, attached at base. Styles 5, distinct Fruit indehiseent, in-
vested with the calyx. Per.

1. S. Limbnium. Marsh Rosemary.

Leaves radical, lanceolate, or oblgog-obovate, 1-velned, entire, mncrooate
bdow the tip, thick and fleshy, dull green, on long petioles ; scape with wither*



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178 OEDERLXXIV. LENTIBULAOE.fi — ^BLADDEEWORT-FAM. OBDEB LXXTin. SOBOPHULABIACnSLfi — ^FIGWORT-FAM.



tag sheaths, rerj branching, forming a large, flat-topped, compound corymb, of
■mall, pale-blae flowers, which are sewile In second spikes upon the branohlets.
A rather pretty plant, common in salt marsheS) with a scape abont a foot high.
Boot large and woody, very astringent Auff. — OoL



Order LXXIV. LentibiUdcese. — Bladder-
woi'trfa/fYiily.

1. UTEIOULlBIA.
Calyx 2-part6d, with nearly equal lipa. Ck>rolla irregolarly
2-lij)pedy personate; the lower hp projecting, and sometimes
closing tiie throat AquaHcs,

1. U. infldta. t^horled Bladderwort.

Upper leayes floating In a whorl of 6 or ft, which are Inflated tato oblong
bbiddera, bat dissected at apex Into capillary segments ; lower leaves snbmerged,
▼cry finely dissected tato capillary s^ments, and bearing many little bladders;
sci^ prcjjecting above the water, 4— 6-flowored ; flowers large, yellow, very
Irr^n^lar, sparred ; spar aboot as long as the corolla, rtriate, emarginate ; npper
lip of the corolla broad-ovate, entire ; lower 8-lobed. A corioos aquatic, with
irregalar, handsome, yellow flower^ and flnely dissected leaves. Bather com-
men ta ponds. July— Aug, Per,

2. U. vulgiris. Common Bladderwort.

Leaves all sabmerged, crowded, dissected tato very nnmeroos, capillary seg-
ments, fhmished with little bhidders; flowers 6—12, pedicellate, yellow, very
showy, alternate; lower Up nearly as long as the upper one, with a projecttag
palate striped with brown, which closes the throat; spar conical, obtuse, much
shorter than the corcdia. A showy aquatic, very conmion In ponds and stag-
nant pools. Scape 4'-^^ above the water. Jun^—Aug. Per,

3. U. comAta. Homed Bladderwort.

Leafless ; scape rooting and scaly at base, 2— 7-flowered ; flowers large, close
tiigether, deep yellow; pedicels very short ; lower lip of the cOTolla larger than
the obovate upper one, broad, projecting at the centre, and deflezed at the
edges, emarginate ; spur subulate, acute, rigid, IncUned downward^ as long as
the corolla, or longer. Not uncommon ta damp, peaty soOs, or sandy swamps.
Boape S'— 12^ high. June-July,



Order LXXV. OrobanclidceaB. — Beech-
drops-family.

L EPIPHtOUa
Flowers racemose or spicate on the branches ; npper ones bar-
ren, with a long, tubular, recurved corolla, and long filaments
and style ; lower ones fertile, with a very short corolla, which
rarely opens, and with very short stamens and style. Stigma
capitate, somewhat 24obed. Capsule 2-yalyed at apex. Per.

1. E. Virginidna, * Beechdrops.

stem leafless, branching, angular, purplish-brown ; branches slender, vir-
gate; flowers alternate, remote, extending the whole length of the branches;
corolla of the npper flowers of a whitish color mingled with purple, 4-toothed;
upper lip broader than the lower one, enuugtaate; root a round, scaly ball,
covered with short, stlfl^ prqjecttag fibres. A parasitic plant, attachtag Itself to
the roots of the Beech and other tree& Stem 8'— 12^ high, flimished with a few
scales instead of leavesL Woodai Aug.Sept.

2. APHfLLON.
Flowers perfect, solitary, bractless. Calyx 5-cleft» regular.
Corolla subbilabiate, with a long, curred tube, and a spreading
border; upper lip 2-cleft; lower lip 8-cleft; stamens included.
Stigma 2-cfeft Capsule oyoidi acute, 2-yaIyed, many-seeded.
Per,

1. A. uniflbrnm. One-flowered Broomrape.

Scapes 1-flowered, naked, often clustered; flowers yeUowish-whlte, ttaged
and bordered with purple, with 2 tufts of yellow down In the throat A hairy,
leafless plant, with a short, often sabterranean stem, sendtag np one or mora
terete, simple aoapM> 8'— 6" high. Woods and thicketi Oonunon. May—



Order LXXVL BignoniacesB. — OcUaljpar
family.

1. TfiOOMA,
Calyx campanulate, 5-toothed. Corolla funnel-form, dilated

at the throat, with a 5-lobed limb, somewhat bilabiate. Stamens
4, didynamous. Capsule long and narrow, 2-celled, 2-yalved.
Seeds winged. Climbing 9hrtS>$.

1. T. r&dioans. Trumpet Creeper.

stem woody, dimbtng by means of rootlets ; leavee pinnate ; leaflets 5—11,
ovate, acumtaate, dentate, somewhat pubenilent beneath ; flowers corymbcd
ooroUa large, 2'— 8' long, orange and scarlet, very showy; stamens indoded. A
splendid climber, native ta Penn. and southward; often cultivated. July— Aug,

2. CATiXPA.

Calyx 2-lipped. Corolla campanulate; tube inflated; limb
irregular, undulate, 4 — 6-cleft Stamens 5, 2 only usually hav€
anthers. Stigma 2-lipped. Capsule long and slender, 2-celled.

1. 0. bignonioides. Catdlpa.

Leaves cordate, or ovate-cordate, acuminate, entire, opposite, or ta threes.
petioUte^ downy beneath ; flowers ta compoond panldea, white, tinged and
spotted with purple and yellow, large and showy ; calyx teeth mucrooate ; cap
sale cylindrlc, pendent, 6'— 12' long: A noble tree, common ta ^tivaUon.
June— July,

Order LXXVIII. Scropliularidceae. —
Mgwortrf amity.

SYNOPSIS OF THE OENEBA

SuBOBDEB I. AntirrhinidesD.

Upper lip^ or npper lobes of the ooroUa tadodng the lobee cf the lower Hy
ta the oud.

* Upper leaves alternate*

1. YBaBASovic. Corolla nearly regular, with 6 sligfatly unequal segments
Stamens 6, perfect

2. LiKARiA. Corolla personate ; tnbe Inflated, spurred behtad.

8. AntibbhIkuk. Corolla personate ; tube gibbous^ not spurred behind.

* * Ueaves all opposite*

4 SoROPnuLluA. Corolla tube subglobose ; Umb bilabiatei Upper lip with
i erect lobes ; lower lips spreading.

6. CiiBLdNC Corolla tnbalar, Inflated, bilabiate. Anthers wooQy. Seedf
winged.

ft. ^MULus. Corolla rtagent Lower lip with a prominent palate. Fer'iic
stamens i.

7. ObaiIola. Corolla bilabiate. Fertile stamens 2. Sterile filaments 2.
simple tacluded, sometimes wanting.

8. IltsXkthxs. Corolla biUbiate. Fertile stamens 2. Sterile filaments 2,
forked, taserted in the throat of the coroUa.

SuBOBDEB n. Rhinanthidefld.
Lower lip, or lower lobes of the corolla covering the upper ones ta the bud.

* Corolla -vritlk spreadinfTy nearlF equal lobes.

9. Diorrius. Corolla tubnlar-campanulate, ventrioose. Leaves alternate.

10. YxBdnioA. Corolla 4-parted. Stamens 2.

11. GkbIhdia. Corolla tubular, swelling above, with 5 more or lees unequal

lobesL Stamens 4.

* • Corolla bilabiate.

12. OisixLLijA. Flowers tadosed in colored bracts. Lower lip of the co*
roUa very short

la PBDioiTLiBis. Flowers in dense splkei Calyx tubular, 2— 5-tootbed.
Lower lin of the corolla ftpreading. _

14 MSLAMPTBUM. Calyx companulate, with 4 mnoronate teeth. Upper
Up of the corolla shorter than the lower lip.

1. yebbAscum.
Calyx 6-parted. Corolla rotate, with 6 .nearly equal lobes.
Stamens 6, all perfect, declinate. Capsule globose or ovoid, many-
seeded. An,

1. V. Th4psu8. Mullein.

PlantdenselywooUy throughout; stem tall, rigidly erect, nsually simple;
leaves decurrent^ oblong; acute; flowers yellow, In a long, dense, taming
^Itadrtcal spike; two lower stamens usnally beardless. A very oonqifoaoQi
piant) 4—7 ft. high, found every where in negjaoted fields, and along road-«ldea
Introduced. June— Aug,



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OBDER LXXVlil. SCBOFHULABIAOS^-^FiaWOBT-FAMILY.



179



2. V. Blattaria. Moth Mullein.

Stem ftimple or branobing above,' Iea(y, erect; leaves smootb, clasping, ob-
long, coarsely serrate, tbe lower petiolate; flowers pedicellate, in along, leafy-
raceme, yellow or white, nsnally tinged with purple ; stamens unequal, with
purple, woolly fllamentSb A much slenderer plant than the hut, smooth and
green throughout, with larger and handsomer flowers. Stem 2—6 it high.
Boad^atdes; common in some districts. Introduced. June— July.

2. LIKlBIA.
Cal^ 5-parted. Corolla personate ; upper li]> bifid, reflezed ;
lower lip 8-oleft; palate prominent, nearly closing the throat;
tube inflated and spurred. Stamens 4. Uapsule opening at the
summit, by 1 — 2 pores.

1. L. vulgaris. Toadrflaz Snapdragon. .

Smooth and glaucous ; stem erect, with short, leafy branches; leaves alter-
nate, crowded, linear-lanceolate; flowers yellow, in d|nse, terminal spikes;
bracts longer than the short pedicels; corolla with a long spur, the throat com-
pletely dosed by the orange-colored palate. Oonunon along road-sides. July
—Aug; Par.

2. L. Canadensis. Canadian Snajpdrmgon.

Smooth ; stem slender, erect, nearly simple ; leaves linear, erect, smooth,
scattered, obtuse ; flowers small, blue, in an elongated, slender, terminal raceme,
on short pedicels ; spur filiform, curved, as long aa the corolla. A more dender
plant than the last, common along road-sides and in sandy soils. The stem is
6'— IS' high, and often has procumbent or ascending shoots at base, with small,
remote, chiefly c^UKMite leaves. June.—OcL An.

8. ANTIRRHINUM.
Calyx f ^epaled. Corolla gibbous at base; uppor lip bifid,
reflexed ; lower lip trifid, closed by the prominent pidate. Cap-
sule without valves, opening by 8 pores. Per.



1. A. mijus.



Snapdragon,



stem erect; leaves lanceohOe, opposite; upper ones alternate; flowers in
terminal racemes, phik, with the lip white, and the mouth yellow ; sepals lan-
ceolate, acute, covered with glandular hairs. There are varieties with scarlet
and with double flowers. Gardens. Aug— July, Per,

4 SOROPHULlRIA.
Calyx-segments 6, acute. CoroUa-tube subglobose; limb con-
tracted somewhat 2-lipped ; upper lip with 4 erect lobes ; lower
lip spreading. Stamens 4, declinate. A 5th stamen is also pre-
sent m the form of a scale on the inside of the corolla-tube, at the
summit Capsule 2-ceUed, many-seeded. Per.

1. S. nodosa. Figwort.

Smooth ; stem tall, angular, branching ; leaves ovate or ovate-oblong; the
upper ones varying to Unceolate, all acute, dentate or serrate, petiolate, mostly
cordate or rounded at base ; flowers of a dull purple, in loose cym^ which
are arranged in a long, narrow, terminal, leafless panicle, with opposite branches ;
calyx-teeth broad, obtuse, somewhat maigined. A rank, tall phmt 4—6 ft.
high, growing in low grounds and thickets. Not common in N. England, but
abundant Westward and Southward. Jviy.

5. chel6nk

Calvx-sopals distinct, with 8 bracts at base. Corolla tubular,
inflated, 2-lipped; upper lip arched, emarginate; lower lip



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