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Atwater History
AND Genealogy

1456^1956



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Mary Attwator I loii) wood



From a prim fiiitii-lirl 1)/
Edward Ft ri in \|u;iIit



THE GREAT ADVEXTIRE
1456 to 1956



'"'I'rttpir uill not look jornnnl In f)().strrily,
u/ut nrn'r look harkuani to tlwir anrr.slors.'

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Anns ;iih1 CrrM C.i>\\C\i\ui-i\ \n I!,.1mmI \II\\;iIit <>f
ltc>\ loll Manor in Lt-nliani

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WRIGLEY . . . FESSENDEN . . . BABCOCK . . . MILLER . . . KENT



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^ ATWATER

D HISTORY and GENEALOGY

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1956 ?

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^^ VOLUME FIVE ^

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L by O

''" CHARLES HOBART ATTWATER N

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PUBLISHERS HALL ^

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REPRESS . WALTON . RICH . SAYRE . KING . PARKER . RUGG



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Copyright, 1956, by
CHARLES HOBART ATTWATER

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA



All rights in this book are reserved. No part of the book
may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without
written permission except in the case of brief quotations
embodied in critical articles and reviews. For information
address: Publishers Hall. Security Bank Building, Santa
Monica, California.



JUL -9 1956

production

Typography by Sullivan Typesetting, Los Angeles, Calif.

Printed by Bradshaw Bros.-Press Room, Los Angeles, Calif.

Bound by Isaac Bros. Bindery, Los Angeles, Calif.

A 243154



To



J" \ll Tlii>-c I'.iniiK MciiiliiTS

.Nq W ho 1 la\c ( .dill' to I lii'ii-

V Eternal Uest



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337



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PrestMiii'il !<•



LIMITFM I DITION



CONTENTS

ONE: New Haven Town-site Plan — 1641.
TWO: Print — Mary Attwater Honeywood.
THREE: Arms & Crest — Attwater Family — 1483.
Historical Events— 1456-1956.

FOUR: The Great Adventure... j

FIVE: Print— Purchase Contract and Indian "Marks" 6

SIX: Interpreter's Oath. Montowese's Reservation Print 9

SEVEN: Collegiate School. Yale College 16

EIGHT: Charter Oak Incident, by George Franklin Atwater 22

NINE: Rev. Edward E. Atwater. bv Reginald M. Atwater. Picture 24

Cover page, first of our genealogies. 1851. onlv known copv outside

Library of Congress.. ' ' 27

TEN: Clara Barton, by Hubert F. Atwater 28

ELEVEN: Heraldry, by Ray H. Mattison 'Z 29

TWELVE: French Spolitan Claims ...... 32

THIRTEEN: Longfellow's Phantom Ship _ 35

John Spencer Atwater, M.D. John Capper Atwater......."..."........ 39

FOURTEEN: "Honorary Georgia Planter" 41

Pictures. James R. Atwater, Home, Science and School Builclings....40-"44

FIFTEEN: Bert Leonard Atwater. bv Helen Atwater Wrifflev 45

Quinnipiac 1638 Medal ..; ..'''ZZZ 48

SIXTEEN: Richard Mead Atwater. Junior, by Jane Atwater Pratt 48

SEVENTEEN: Francis Atwater. by Reginald M. Atwater 50

EIGHTEEN: Atwater Family Reunion, by Elizabeth Henry 51

Picture. Emma Louisa Atwater Rountree. oldest living Familv mem-
ber will be 97 on October 5. 1956.. ' 52

NINETEEN: An unusual Occupation, bv Marv Meigs Atwater

Picture- "Monty" Atwater ......" '. 54

TWENTY: Carleton William Atwater. bv John S. Atwater 57

TWENTY-ONE: The Atwater-Kents _....l ... ^ ^ 53

TWENTY-TWO: Helen Atwater. Home Economist. N. Y. Times 59

TWENTY-THREE: The Calorimeter. Prof. Wilbur Olin Atwater.

The Wesleyan Alumnus.. 60

Luther E., Sr. and Robert N. Atwater. - - . - - -.-.............!^"...1.""64

TWENTY-FOUR: Experiences in Africa, bv Wayne D. Miller 65

John Wesley Atwater, by Addie Fox Malone 66

TWENTY-FIVE: Trip to Lenham. pictures, by Richard A. Wolcott 68

t rom color prints taken by Edward Perrin Atwater.
TWENTY-SIX: Author's Section. Familv pictures. Comments 71

Poems. Word Power, Woman Power, The Human Tree, to

Vistas, Sappho, "Fragilina,"" by Jessie Fraser Attwater.. 77

TWENTY-SEVEN: \our own genealogical record... 82

TWENTY-EIGHT: Genealogy-No. 1 to No. 5336, 83 to-. Unclassified." ""-

Index of Atwater and other names.

Prints, members' seats in first Meeting House



Bibliography

Mgnalia Chrisli Americana I Hccle^iaslicall

History of New Kiiglaiul— 17()2-UJ53 Cnlioii Mallu-r.
Encvclopaedia of Heral(lr\ J. Burke.
Altwaler \rins — Genealogist — 1:31.

A Geneal.xMcal Recisler of the Deseenilants .4 l)a\i(l \l\Naler \l\r>\. u\. Lx-i.
New lla\en Coh.nV Recorils 163JM619. PuL. ir.5<. id. 1619-1662. I'ul.. l')l 1.
Yale Genealogy— History of Wales ( R\ It. H. ^ai.i. I'ul.. 19(){5.
Andrews" Historv of "\ ale.

\luater History— I'JOl — id. 1927. Edward K. and j'rancis Alwater.
History of New Haven and Other Towns. Pub. 1«>8<.
History. Citv of Minneapolis — Isaac Atwater. lo93. _
Removal of Yale College (?) to New Haven— Oct. 1.16.

Franklin Bowditch Dexter.
Beginnings of Yale — Ed\>in 0\iatt. 19l().
American Genealogies Lists Atwater 11551 and U)(3.

Attwater. Corliss. N. Yarnionlh. Me.
American Ancestry iii. .-5:1x232: 11 others listed containmg members of our

famiU .
Winthrop. Vol. 1. pp. 226. 237. 317. 31o. , n- • i

Connecticut. New Kngland and Ncu Y..rk Genealogical an.l Hi<toncal

Societies.



Historical Events

of Outstanding Importance During Period Covered in This

\T\\ \Ti.i! (;i:m. \i.<h;^

11.^6 Guteidierg Bible.

1491 \inerigo Ves Pucci reached mainland Western Ilcmispiiere.

1517— Martin^ Luther posted 95 theses on door <.f W ilteid.urg Church, altack-

iiii: Papal Indulgences.
15(.4^ W illiam Shakespeare. b..rn April 23 at Slratfonl-on-Xxon.
1602— Capt. (iosnold. first white man landed in N-u Ingland.
1607 — Captain John Smith landed at Jamestown. \ a.. Ma> 13.
1609- Hud-.. n saii<-d Half M.-on int.. N<«w ^.-rk Harbor.
1619 KirM \cgr..es s..ld into sla\er\ b\ Dul.li at Jamestoun.
1(,2(> MaNJlouer. missing Virginia, lande.l Pilgrim^ Iron. I.x.I.m.. H..llan.l.

..n Pl\ mouth Rock. Dcccnd.er 21.
1637- Joshua \tl\Nalcr. with six c.mpaninns. reached the Indian selllemenl

(all.'d Ouinnipiac later Ncu Haven.
1619— Charles I. reigning without a Parliam.-nl b.r U Ncars. .l.-feate.t hv

Cromueirs Roun<lheads: condemned bx llou-.- .d (onunons: behea.le.l

Januarx 2<>. (>.>muell die talor.
l()()(l J. dm Runvan. aulh..r .d Pilgrim*> Progress. imprisone«l.
1665- London Great plag.ic killed 6J;.000: b.ll..uinp vear f.re .leslroved

13.200 h.>mes. !'.'> . hurches.
1735- J-'lm P.l.r /.n-cr. .-.liLT. ac.piill.d. establishing freedom of the pre5J».



1776 — Declaration of Independence. July 2-4.

1789 — George Washington chosen President, April 30.

1798 — Vaccination discovered by Jenner, May 14.

1807 — Robert Fulton's Clermont makes first steam trip up the Hudson River.

1823 — Monroe Doctrine declared December 2.

1844 — "What hath God Wrought!" S. F. B. Morse's first telegraph message,

May 24.
1857 — Cyrus W. Field's Atlantic cable.
1863— Emancipation Proclamation— Jan. 1. Freed 3.120.000 slaves, 830.000

not freed.
1878 — First commercial telephone service, New Haven, Conn., January 28.
1894 — Thomas A. Edison's Kinetoscope first showing, April 14. New York,

New York.
1895 — Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen discovered X-rays.
1896 — H. A. Bacquerel, first to realize radioactivity of uranium.
1900 — Wireless demonstrated when Marconi signalled letter "S" across the

Atlantic Ocean.
1903 — Orville Wright's first heavier-than-air successful air flight at Kitty

Hawk, North Carolina.
1909 — Robert E. Peary reached North Pole April 6th.
1919— First air flight ( ILS. seaplane) across Atlantic-N-C4. May 16.
1929 — Comdr. Richard E. Byrd dropped a U.S. flag on the South Pole,

November 28.
1942 — Arthur Compton, et al produce first nuclear chain reaction (fission

of uranium isotope. U235 ) .
1945 — United Nations (46 represented* San Francisco, Calif., April 25.

First atomic bomb exploded Los Alamos. N. M., July 16. Hiroshima,

Aug. 6 and Nagasaki. Japan. Aug. 9th.
1953— Mount Everest. 29.002 ft., conquered May 29 by Edmund P. Hillary

and Tensing Norkay.

And of course, throughout this 500 years there were "wars and rumors
of wars"; crises and tidings of impending doom, contrived by numerous
power-mad Little Men. reigning or ruling with or without the consent of
their fellowmen, as King, Lord Protector. Prime Minister, Chancellor, Reichs-
fuehrer. Dictator, Generalissimo. President and Indispensable Man.

All soon to be forgotten in the shining light of those everlasting per-
sonalities, such as Moses, the great law giver; Jesus Christ, the humble
Christian; Washington, the modest saviour of the New World, and Mahatma
Gandhi, who proved that freedom can be won without war.

While the power-mad Little Men have all gone — we hope — to their just
deserts, they have left behind a new secret army of our most insidious
enemies — the tax collectors.

The biblical extortioner of the "poore wyddowe's myte" was magnani-
mous compared to the suave, artful Machiavellian of this age, who bores like
a termite, many times, into every segiment of industrial and social life.

for a "David" to slay this arch-enemy before he and his tribe suckle
the life-breath of our Industrial Freedom.



The Great Adventure

oh Kii-land. Moth.r CoiiiiliN .-I u- all! Win did \«uir leaders emasculate
\i.iii sons aiul daiiulilers Ix-ckMiicd |.\ itliiiinii- frcfdi.in '.•' ^-mr inmimeralile
en. oiiiil(r~ wilh all Kuropean races. Knnian-. Danes, and Scots: crnellies
inlli(!.il. I'\ selt-a|>|)ninlr(l rulers, ni.un lii,i;li and lou ulm crosse.l ilieir
lialh>: tanaticisnis and ifli^ious |)lajiues !<• -nil llir inini..ralilies id \uur
uiijiodlike rulers: all these oppressed your \\urili\ -..n- uhilc acrnni|ili-hing
lilllr to bring about the elevation of nianknid.

FortunaleK. there were a leu. \t>. nian\. who np|>o>.inLi ihr age-old
doctrine oi i)i\inc Uighl of Kings." in the belief that Kight. not Might,
should be the lau of England, brought ab<.ut the lb-formation. These
Commonwealth b.llowers were men of delerniinalion and pouci. \h<\ hedged
their homes uilh safeguards. Thv\ beheaded Charles 1. Cromuell became
Dictator. The House of (^)mmons ruled for a short inter\al.

iNow among these liberty seeking indixiduals were the consanguineous
relatives of the Attwater Clan— men of courage, intellect and substance ■
who had fought a War id W ords a? good men should, for what thev believed
was for tlie betternicnl ol th.-ir lelloumen. Kealizing that Charles 1 was
ignoring; rarlianienl and despairmg o| mi. cess in winning peace and freedom
of uoi>lii|i I.U- themselves and their posteriU. the\. after thought, long and
pra\ful. de.ided lo .nibaik on the -Creal \il\ enliii v." Tlir\ uonl.l .reate a
social slru.lure of th.ir .mn. Tli.n uould venture into the unknoun dangers
of a strange land, with -Irangr beings, in the 'New World.

\iilli.titiraled records show our name— in various b.rms— appearing in
only about one-quarter of the English Boroughs. Villages and Hundreds.

In hi- General History of Connecticut. William H. Cutter sa\s: "The
surname Attwater belongs to a large class of English famib names where
the personal name of a man (|ualified for identification b\ a description of
his home, •at-the-hill." el... became fixed as a surname on his descendants. . .
like the preposition Vle" dropped from another class of names.

-Thr .arlii-l ni.Milion ol ihr name \llwaler found in England ap|)ears
larlnlarv .d ihr Calhr.bal ( Inin li o| ( lanti-rhurN . (M.dfri.'d alle Water.

I.Uuaiion. HI III.' I'aii-li ol ^l.,ne. near fax er-hain. Countv of K.-nl.

before \.l). I. '.(.:.■■

••Thr ol.l loal of arm- .d \tl water: sable on a fesse waw argent between
three awanz of iln- -c.m.l Iwo bar- naw a/ure. Crest: a demi-talbul argent
in the m.>nlh .d an arum gules.

h i- .Ni.l.nl thai the bdlowing re< ..rd- had n-.t been called t-'Mr.
Cutl.r- atl.ntion at ih.^ lim.' h.' wr..le hi- histor\. lor in HravleN's 7'«>/»ri-
iirni,l,ir„l Ui.hu^ ni Sinrr^. ih.re is a m.-t interesting iten» bearing on the
po.ssibilitN .d .mr ..riginal name: "Mnnor of II rst Clamlon^ In 127!'.. the (Uh
of Edwar.l I.. John D.- \gua or .b-hn \ll. water -eems to ha\e claimed for
l;m.l lu- h.l.l al (Ian. Ion \\u- right an. I privileges of amient demesne and



in III.' .



2 ATWATER GENEALOGY

without success." (This could have been land attached to a manor house for
his forebears' personal use. It was during the reign of the House of
Plantagenet. I

"The same person, however, on trial at Guildford against a writ of
quo warranto, established the right for himself and his men of Clandon to
buy and sell in Guilford market without paying tolls.

"At the same time John Atte water was summoned to answer the charge
of having seized and imprisoned Robert Le Ken at Clandon Regis: in answer
to which he pleaded the complainant was his villain, and the question was
decided in his favor."

It is also stated that on the Rolls of Parliament, during A.D. 1290, in
Vol. I. Fol. 62. can be found the following:

'Robert Attwater, with his wife Isabella, brings an Assize of Novel
Dissiezin, . . . touching tenements in Rotherhethe." The above mentioned
property was located on the south bank of the Thames, two and one-quarter
miles south-east from St. Paul's Church. London.

Another interesting notation associated with our family name and also
establishing the family relationship with "Ickford," is found in a folio pub-
lished in the 16th Century and called Nomina Villariim. This volume con-
tained the names of Cities, Boroughs, Villages, and Hundreds, including
therewith the lords of all the manors throughout all the counties of England
from the year 1316 to 1559. including:

"Johannes Atte Water certified pursuant to writ tested at Clipston.
5 March, 1316. as one of the Lords of the Township of Ickford. in the county
of Bucks."

We also find in the History of Buckinghamshire. Vol. I. the following
interesting Attwater references:

"Ickford, Hickford. Iksford (in Saxon, Teemzaford. from a watery way
or passage through the Thames. )

"Robert Earl, of Morton, half-brother of William. The Conqueror (1066-
1087 A.D.I granted this manor, with Marsh, to the Abbey of Grestein.
founded by Harlewin de Conteville. his father, and Ickford was by the Abbot
and Convent granted to a family deriving its name from this place. . . . How
long Grestein Abbey continued to enjoy the estate in Ickford is unknown,
but having been seized by the Crown during the Wars of Edward II.
(deposed by Parliament January 7, 1327) and again restored, it was a second
time forfeited and family of Ickford is no longer mentioned, unless their
descendants are to be identified with persons denominated Atte Water de
Ickford, who afterward possessed a considerable estate here."

"William Atte Water de Ickford died in 1311. seized of the Manor of
Great Ickford, held of the King in capite. and in 1325 Nicholas Ryhall.
Person of Ickford, passed lands in Great Ickford. with pasture of six oxen
and six cows, by fine, to John Atte Water, and Joan his wife, and their heirs."



ATWATF.r: r,ENEAT>nr,Y 3

\ii(l 1(1 ((iiilimir llii- c nnlinuils. itifif i> llif fuH.iw iii^ itt-rii in llw lli-l<>i\
(.1 Herts." "Parisli n| Tli.>ili'\. Diocese of LoikImh. W illiiiin \ll Water, clerk,
in-lilnlcl (.ill \l:i\. IXVA. 'I'lu.ina- TliMipr. in-tilnlr,l L^llh SepleiiilM-r. liVXi.
u|i<iii ilcatti 111 W illiain \ll W alcr. '

Oui iii..~l illii~ti hill- and uiil-tandiiii: l".n<:li-li f(ircl>car i if lie was actually
l^iiiilird 111 (iiir luam h I i- iiaiiii'd in II iililiin-ciii - Hi-lm \ <'l I >iir-rt. \ m|. II.
page o5l :

""\\ illiam Nttwater was iH.iti at niMinintrlon. in So?iiersefsliire and was
a felinu .it Magdalene Clollege. Uxior.l in I l"»2. Kruin 1 l<)7 to 1502 lie was
Vice-Cliaiicellor of thai rniversil\. and mi llir death .d Cardinal .\loreton.
he. for a sliorl tiinr. ex.. iitrd the oilier (d Idianeell. ir. \ller several lesser
prelernienls he was. in 13(l2. Dean of King's Cliajiel : in 1506. ('.Iian( I'llnr li
Line. .In: in 1509. Dean of Salisluirx. an.! in 151 1. \r( hdeacon ..f Huntington.
r,\ ihe inlere-l «.t Cardinal Wculsev. he -ik (■<-e<le.l him in the l>i-liopie of
Lincoln an.l u as consecrated Nox.'iiil.er \1. 151 I. lie died Fel>ruar\ i. 1520.
ao-ed I'.l a! hi- place at Wohurn. ('.ounl\ .f Bucks, in the eluireh (d uhieh
his l.(.\\e|- weie |.uii<'d. and hi~ liod\ in lii~ ( alhedral.

The manor .d lloxlun. parish oi Lenham. was sold during the reign of
lleni\ \III I 150') t.i 1517 \.D.i to - [{.ihert \ttuater. who leaving iwo
daughters and eodieir-. Mar\ the \oungest carried it \\ith other i'states at
(diaring and elsewhere in the iieighhorhood to Kohert lloiixwood. Ix].. of
llcnewood. in IN.stling. He afterward resided al I'elt. in Charing, being i)arl
of his wih'"s inherilaiiee. and d\in,- in 1570. wa- luiried in l.eiiham Church.

••||e l(dt numerous issue 1)\ his wife, who sur\i\cd him nearU lortvd-iur
years, when >he d\ing in 1020. in the ninet\ -third \car of her age. was
interred near him. llmiiizh a miiiiiimenl l.i her memor\ was erected at Marks
Hall, in F.ssix. >he had. as it is said, al her decease. lawfulK descended
from her Mu (hildren: U) of her own: II 1 grandchildren. 22.". <.f ilu- diird
generation and '' in die lunrlli.

"The iiiam.r .1 Dmuiic C.-iirt. in the |)arish .d I.enham: K..l>crt
Atlwaler. -.1 UoMmii. in lliis pari-li. died, possessed of il in 15()5. wli.ise
daughter and codi.dr. Mar\. . arri-.l il. with other estate- in this pari-h an.l
iieighhorh 1. in maniai:.' hi UhImiI Ihinxw.i.id. Ks«|.. of I'.tstling.

IJia- f..luai.l \lw II. I. ..iir .mt-landing hi-.t..rian. with the assistance of
|;,,|i.il ll.niN \lwal.T. w.iik.-.l Hill an Xtwat.'r famiU Ircc cvering ihe
inmi.-.liali- l.irl.i'ar- i.l .ln-hiia ami Da\ i.l.

|{ec..gni/.ing the care. ac( urai \ an.l integrit\ of the aforeni.'ntion.-»l
...mpiler-. w.- mii-l ...nclu.le that man\ -d the faniiU references dise.»\ered
|i\ th.Mii wer.- akin t.. ..iii hram h hut n..t necessarih in direct line.

^.1 in thi- inamicr we c..m.' npiui ih.- will ..f Thonia- \llwat.-r. pro\ed
(). t..l..r 5th. 1 I!'. 1. see Anhdeacru \ (...iiM. CanLilmiv. Kook .'<. p. 2^. '1 here
wer.' Iw.i -..n- hut ..nU ,|..lm. wl... marri.-.l Mar\an. had issue. Of ihes«- four
,,nK lliili. .1. III.- .l.l.r. wh.iM' will i- recorded in Hook 15. p. 6. carried the
lin.' lln.im:h hi- -..n Th..ma- to Christoph.-r wh..-.- will is recorded in Hook



4 ATWATER GENEALOGY

42. page 22. Christopher had four sons and a daughter, Joanna, who married
Stephen Cooke. Their children brought in the Atwood and Best families. But
we are only concerned with John Attwater, who married Susan Narsin.

Of this union, there were three children — Joshua, Ann and David, who
were to be the first Attwaters to land in and assist in a very important part
of colonizing a portion of the New World. Father John neglected to leave a
will — dying in October 1636. Susan, mother of Joshua, had him appointed
to administer the estate.

Three months later, Susan died during January of 1637. She was buried
next to John in the Lenhani Church yard.

Burrialls
"Nov. 1 (1636) John Attewatter. pater familias.
"Jan. 9 (1637) Susan Attewatter. Wid."

The register also shows Marriages and Christenings. Under the latter
heading during the period from 'Michaelmas, 1610, unto Michaelmas, 1611'
there is the following entry:

"June 2. Josuae, the sonne of John Attwater.
"George Hudson, Vicar
"Thomas Heriman

Churchwardens."
"William At-Water

The administration papers indicate that Josuae, at the age of twenty-six
was a 'Mercer' in Ashford. a market town near Lenham.

Now, these, our direct ancestors, Joshua, David and Ann Attwater,
embarked on 'The Great Adventure.' Beginning with that unpredictable, long
and treacherous ocean voyage, of many weeks, to eventually found a different
habit in the 'New World.' which would be temporarily referred to as the
'Republic of Newhauen.'

There is much speculation but no authentic data as to why and how
our Attwater ancestors joined up with the Davenport-Eaton Expedition.

While their parents had passed away during the year, Joshua and David
must have been part of this cabal for a considerable time. Apparently Joshua
was a man of capital in his own right, while David had recently inherited
several properties from an Attwater relative. So it was natural for John
Davenport to seek out these young men of capital to help finance his
expedition. He had recently returned from the Continent — it is said — disguised
with a long beard. Be that as it may, he was a non-conformist at odds with
the authorities, in which our Attwaters must have joined. Ashford was the
seat of this group of non-conformists. So it is reasonable to suppose that
Joshua induced his brother and many from the market town to join the
expedition. It is reported that the Expedition included over two hundred
men, women and children. When we realize that man flys over that same



ATWATER GENEALOGY 5

distaiu-e lodax in less than seven Imiiis, llu- .-nail > pace of four ini»Mlli>
seems inconccix ahle.

Ilic cnnildii (tl llif (,)iici'n iJi/alMlli (H llir iKinji ships of t<)(la\ is in
direct contrast with the lia\el liar(l>lii|is nut in mention the inconveniences —
of that 16.37 trip.

It is reasonable to supjjose thai joxluia Attwalcr am] - omr others of
means, including Theoi^h Kalon. Sleph C/o<Ki\ear. (;co. Lamherton and
others, did not ha\e their names on the manifest of llu- lll-.(rr()|{. K(»r it
was jusl at this time that Charles I- uim luul dissolved Parliament fearing
migration ot man\ well-to-do Englishmen, issued the fojlouing "PHOCLA-
MATION: . . . that liie King, heing informed that great immbers of his
subjects were yearlv transported into those (lorts of \meriea . . . among
Aviiom are man\ idle and refractor\ iuiniois. wIk -c onl\ or principal end
is to live w it ho 11 1 reach n\ aiilhoiilv doih ( ommand his officers and ministers
of the |)orts. not to suller an\ persons, heing subsidv men or their value to
pass any of those plantations without a lii 'rise from his Majesty's connnis-
sioners for plantations first ohtaiiKMl. nor any under the degree of sul>sid\
men. without a certificate Iroin luo justices of the peace where thev lived.
that lliev ha\e taken the oath of allegiance and sujiremacv. and a Lestimonv
from the minister of the parish, of their conformity to the orders and
disc ipline of the Church of England."

Without these certificates, any escaping non-conformists might, of
necessitv. have to hiihc ihc capt;un. even il meinluMs ol the joint enter prise.
From all n ports. Master liriies. ol the HECTOR, was a brawler to sa\ ihe
least ol his character. His rough treatment of some o{ the tourist passengers,
like nineteen year old Lord Leigh, son ol the Earl of Marlborough, was not
unnoticed h\ Joshua and others. Adults i)aid five pounds for passage, if not
memlier> ol the joint enterprise. One ton of general freight cost lour pounds
per passage.

But even as eveiv thing comes to an end the) (Iriallv arrived in l>o>toii
llarliui JiiiK- 2(). \()M.

Several town-sites in Massachusetts and \ew I lamp-hire were suggested
as likcU -etllements. This would seem to prove that tlu' group had no
(lermilc de-linaiion. exicpl the \cv\ World, when ihcv started.

In Pxstoii. there was talk l)\ soldiers returning from the Peipioi war
of the beautiful \allev and river at Ouimiipiac. (Juin meaning long iiippi.
to water and ohke place. So the Indian name meant Long-waler-phue.

After considerable di.-c u,-.-ion. a committee consisting of Joshua \ttwater.
Eraneis ihown. .lolin Ueeeher. Hcdx-rl Pigg. Ilmmas H«)gg. David \tlwaler
and one other were ajipoinled |o investigate the territory. Neither Prudden.
Eaton ot havenpoil were iin linlcd in llii- lir-l trip.

Ihe seven -pent ihc winter of I <).i7- 1 (t >."> at (^)uimii|)iac, living in imnl
huts. One died. \- his name is reported as l?ee( her. we have aceoiniled for



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