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Genealogy

;56— 1956





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[ary Attwater Honywood



From a print furnished by
Edward Perrin Atwater



THE GREAT ADVENTURE
1456 to 1956



"People tvill not look forward to posterity, ^^
iilio never look backward to their ancestors."

— Edmund Burke




Arms and Crest Coiifirmt-d to Robert Atlualcr of
l!(i\ Idii Manor ill I ^ciitiam

by

W illiaiii Harvey Clarenceux

Herald \i \rms

1561.



• WRIGLEY . . . FESSENDEN . . . BABCOCK . . . MILLER . . . KENT •



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D HISTORY and GENEALOGY





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"[ CHARLES HOBART ATTWATER


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• REPRESS . WALTON . RICH . SAYRE . KING ,


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Copyright. 1956. In
CHARLES H()H\1!T \ll\\ \ I 1 i;

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMKKRA



All rights ill this Inn.k are reserved. No part of the ixiuk
ina\ he reprinluced in any manner w liats<ie\er willmul
\>ritten |»erinission except in the ease of hrief qndtalions
eiiihodied in eritical articles and reviews. For infornialion
address: l'uhlishe;s Hall. Securitv Ratik Bnilding. Santa
-Monica, California.




r K (1 IJ I I. T I (» N

Typography i-.^ m i.i.ix w TYrrvFTTiNt;. i.d^ \nm i.r>. Cm.ik.

Phintku iiv Hi(\i)^ii\u Mko-.-I'mk-.s Mckim. I.ds An ;eles, Cm.'i

Bni N» BY U\M Bhos. Mindkky. Los Angeles, Calif.



24:Mr>^i



To

All Those Family Meiiil)ers

Who Have Cone lo Their

Eternal Rest

THE GREAT ADVENTURE

Is Respect I'll lly Dcdicalccl



No..



336



?v



THIS VOLUME FIVE OF ATWATEP, TI1ST0H\
OlllGINALLY OWNED BY



Presented t<



LIMITED EDITION



CONTENTS

ONE: Nen Ha\en Town-^ite Plan — 1641.
TWt): Print — Mary Attwater Honey wood.
rHKEE: Arms & Crest— Attwater Family— l-ki3.
Hi>turiral Events — 1456-1956.

H»l U: The Creat Adventure 1

11\E: Prim Pun hase Contract and Indian "Marks" 6

>1\: lnlfr|»rfter'> Oalli. Montoweses |{e!ier\atit)n Print 9

SEVEN: Collegiate Silu.ol. Yale Ct)llege 16

EICHT: Chartrr Oak Iiuident. In George I raiikliti \twater 22

M\E: l{e\. Edward E. Atwater. Ii\ Kcgiiiald M. \lual.i. ri.tuic 24

Co\er page, first of t»ur genealogies. lo51. <iiil\ kiinwii copy outside

Liltrar) of Congress 27

TEN: Clara Rarturi. |.v Hubert F. Atwater 28

ELEVEN: llrraJdrN. \>s Has II. Maltison 29

I W EEVE: Er«Mi(li Spolilan Claims 32

IHIKTEEN: L..ngfcll..w's PhmUom Ship _ 35

John Spencer At\saler. M.D. JmIhi C»a|)i)cr \l\\ater 39

FOl HTEEN : -Honorary Georgia Planter" 41

Pictures, Janies K. Atwater. Home. Science and School Ruildings... .40-44

El HTEEN: Bert Leonard Atwater, by Helen Atuatcr W riglc) 45

Ouinnipia. I63i; Medal ' 48

SIXTEEN: Kichard Mead Atwalcr. .jiini..i. \>^ lane \lual.i I'latt 48

SEVENTEEN: Francis Atwat.i. I. \ Reginald M. \luater 50

EK^HTEEN: Atwater Family Heunion. l»y Eli/alictli llciirx 51

Pirturt-. Emma Louisa Atwalcr Hountrec. oldest living FaiiiiK iikmii-
l>.r vsill l»c 97 on Ortcdter 5. 1956 52

NINE TEEN: An uim^-ual Occupation, by Mary Meigs Atwater,

Piriurr. "NbniiN "" \twater 54

IWI \r^ : Carlctun William Atwalcr. b\ J<.liii S. \l\\alcr 57

I W ENTY-ONE: The Atwain Kr„ts \ 58

I W ENTY-TWO: Hcl.-n Aluat.r. IImmh- F..-onomist. N. Y. Times 59

IWI \n'r|||{r.E: Th.- Cal-.ti in. I'lnf. Will. in Oliii \lual.r.

I III- W»-sli-\aii Mumnu> 60

Luther K.. Sr. and Uobert N. Alwaler 64

IWENTY-IOl 11: Expcriemes in Afrira. I.\ Wa\ri.- D. Milln 65

John W «*wlry Atwalcr. t'\ \ddir l<i\ Malonc 66

TWEN'IA-FIVE: Trip t.. L.idiam. pi. lun-. I.\ Hi.har.l \. Wn|.,,lt 68

hrom i olor prints takrn b\ Edward Pcrriii Atwater.

I W ENTY-.*^I\ : Author's Scriion. Famil\ pictures, (iomineiit!- 71

P<M'nii». Word I'auer, H ninan I'nui'r, I lir Uiimtin Tire. to

I'islas, Sai»jtlia, "Frafiilina." Ii\ Jessie |"ra>-er \ll water .77

TWENTY -SEVEN : ^<iur f»wn genealogical n-c-ord 82

I W I NTY-EK;!!!: (nnealogv No. I to No. 5336, 83 to—. Unclassified. —

Index of Alwaler and oiher names

Prin|j>. memlKTH* wats in firsi Meeting House



Bibliography

Mgnalia Clirisli /Viiieiicana ( Ecck'^iasliial I

History of New England— 1702-1853— Cotton Mather.

Encyclopaedia of Heraldry — J. Burke.

Attwater Anns — Genealogist — 1:317

A Genealogical Register of the l)escen(laiU> (.1 David Vlwater — 1851. id. 1873.

New Haven Colony Records 1638-1649. VuU. ir,57. id. 1649-1662. I'lih. I'n4.

Yale Genealogy— History of Wales (By K. II. Yale). Vu\,. 1908.

Andrews' History of Yale.

Atwater Hislorv' 1901 id. 1927. Edward E. and Irancis Atwater.

History of New Haven and Other Towns. Puh. 1887.

History. Citv of Minneapolis — Isaac Atwater. 1893.

Removal of ^ ale College (?) to New Haven Oct. 1716.
Franklin Bowditch Dexter.

Beginnings of Yale — Edwin Oviatt. 1916.

American Genealogies Lists Atwater 1851 and 1873.
Attwater, Corliss. N. Yarmouth. Me.

American Ancestry iii, 3:1x232; 11 others listed cciilaining members of our

family.
Winthrop, Vol. 1, pp. 226, 237, 317, 318.
Connecticut. New England and New York Genealogical and Historical



Societies.



Historical Events

of Outslanding Importance During i^eriod Covered in lids
ATWATER GENEALOGY

1456 — Gutenberg Bible.

1491 — Amerigo Ves Pucci reached mainland Western Hemisphere.

1517 Martin Luther ])()sted 95 theses on door of Willcnhnrg Chinch, attack-
ing Paj'-al Indulgences.

1564 — William Shakespeare, born April 23 at Stratford-on-Avon.

1602— Capt. Gosnold. first while man landed in New England.

1607 — Ca|)lain John Smith landed at Jamestown. Va.. May 13.

1609 Hudson sailed Half Moon into New York Harbor.

1619 — First Negroes sold into slavery by Dulc li al Jamestown.

1620 — Mayflower, missing Virginia, landed Pilgrims from Leyden. lloll.ind.
on Plymouth Rock. Decend)er 21.

1637 Joshua Attwater. with six companions, readied the Indian settlement

called Quinni|)iac — later New Haven.

1649— Charles"^ 1. reigning without a Parliament for 11 years, defeated by
CromweH's Roundheads: condemiK'd l>\ House (d Commons: beheaded
January 20. Cromwell dictator.

1660— John Bunvan. author of Pilgrim's Progress, imprisoned.

1665— London— Great plague killed 68.000: following year fire destroyed
13.200 homes. 89 churches.

1735_John Peter Zenger, editor, acquitted, establishing freedom of the press.



1776 — Deilaralii'ii oi ImleptMuit'iRr, Jul\ 2-4.

ITo*^^ — George \\ a>liiiigt«>n chosen l'ie>iileiil. \|iiil i^O.

179M — Vacciiiatiun dist-overetl by Jenner. Ma\ 1 1.

1I>«»7 -RoIhtI Fulton's Clermonl makes first steam trip up the Hudson River.

lIVJ ' M.iiiroe huitrine deilared Heceniher 2.

1; 1 1 What hatli God Wrou^htl" S. K. H. Morse's first telegraph message,

\la> 24.
1857 — C\rus \X . Field's Atlanti* lahle.
1863— Eniamipation Proclamation Jan. 1. Freed ;{.12(i.(l()0 slaves. JJ.Sd.OiK)

not freed.
1878 — First eommereial telephone service. New Ha\en. Conn.. Januarx 28.
18*>4 — Thomas A. Edison's Kinetuscope first showing. April 14. ISew >oik.

New ^ ork.
lo^>5 — \\ ilhehii konrad Roentgen discoxeriii \-rays.
1896 — H. A. Bactjuerel. first to realize radioacli\ il\ of uranium.
1*XK> — \X ireless demonstrated when Marconi signalled letter "S" across the

Atlantic Ocean.
HX».H Orville W right"> first hea\ ier-than-air successful air fliglit al l\ill\

Hav>k, North Carolina.
l'X»"> R,.hert E. Pearv reached North Pole April 6th.
1'>1") First air llighl ( I .S. seaplane I across Allantic-N-C4. Ma\ 16.
P'2"> C:..mdr. Richard E. H\ rd dropped a I .S. (lag on the'St>utli [\>U\

\o\emher 28.
PJ42- Arthur Compton. et al. produce first ruiclear chain reactiiui ( fi<>ion

td uraidum isotctpe. I 21^5 I .
1945 I nited Nations (46 represented I San Francisco. Calif.. A|,ii| 25.

P'irst at«»nne bond) exploded L»!s Manios, N. M.. Jul\ Id. Hinp^hinKi.

Aug. 6 and Nagasaki. Jaj^an. .Aug. 9tli.
1953- -.Mount Exerest. 29.002 fl.. concpiercd Mas 2') l.\ Kdiiiuiid I". Ilillar\

anti Tensing Norka\.

An«l «d course, ihrougiiout llii> .^00 \car> llicrc \s( re "uai- and rumors
of wars'": crises and tidings of iinpen<ling doom, conlrivid l>\ numerous
power-mail Little Men. rcigidng or ruling willi or uilliout llic inn^cnl ol
their felloNMiicn. as king. Lord Protector. Prime Minisler. (.Iiau< tllor. luii li>-
fuehrer. l)i(tator. (Jeneralissimo. President and Indispensahle Man.

All >oon to he forgotten in the shining light of those e\erlasling pcr-
Miiialities, such as .Moses, the great law gi\ir: .|i>u> ( liri-t. tin huniMr
Christian: Washington, the modest sa\iour nl llif \i\\ Wmld. and M.di.ilma
Gundhi. who proved that frecd<uii can he wiui wiiIumiI wai.

While the power-mad Little Men have all gone w r hope In ihcir ju^l
ilt*MTt>». tliev have \r{[ hehind a new -ccrct arm\ o| uur mo-l iii-idious
riicinie'. the |a\ collectors.

Ilie Jdhlical extortioner o| liic "iMiiirc w\(ldowc> mvli" wa- maiiuaui-
iiioUH c<iinpure<i to the suaNe. artful NLichiavellian <d this age who horr-s like
a It'rinitr. man\ limes, into everv segiment of iiuluslrial and -of iai liic.

C) (or a "David" to «-lav this arch-enemv before In- and In- Iribc -ui kle
ibi- lift- I. ti- ill, .,f ..III liiduhlrial iTceduni.



The Great Adventure

Oh England. Mother Country of us all I W In did \our leaders emasculate
your sons and daughters hcckoiicd li\ religious Ireedomy ^ our innumerable
encounters with all Kuro|)faii races. Komans. Danes, and Scots; cruelties
inflictetl. by self-appointed rulti>. upon high and low who crossed their
paths: fanaticisms and religious |)lagues to suit the immoralities of \our
ungodlike rulers: all these op|)ressed \oui' wmlln sons while accomplishing
little to bring ahoiil the ;'l('\a[ion id mankind.

Fortunately, there were a few. yes. main, who opposing the age-old
doctrine of "Dixiiif Highl of Kings." in the lnlicl that Right, not Might,
should be the law of England, brought about the Reformation. These
Commonwealth followers were nuMi id deterndnation and power. The\ hedged
their homes willi safeguards. The\ lieheaded Charles I. Cromwell i)ecanie
Dictator. The House of Commons ruled for a short interval.

Now among these liberty seeking individuals were the consanguineous
relatives of the Attualer Clan— men ol courage, intellect and substance —
who had fought a War of Words as good men should, for what they believed
was for the betterment of their fellow men. Realizing that ('haili's I was
ignoring Parliament and despairing of success in winning peace and ireedom
of worship for themselves and their posterity, they, after thought, long and
prayful. decided to embark on the 'Great Adventure." Thev would create a
social structure of their own. They would venture into the unknown dangers
of a strange land, with strange beings, in the 'New World.'

Authenticated records show our name — in various forms — appearing in
onl\ about one-quarter of the English Boroughs. Villages and Hundreds.

In his General History of Connecticut. William R. Cutter says: "The
surname Altwaler belongs to a large class of English famil\ names where
the |)ersonal name of a man qualified for identification bv a description of
his home, 'at-the-hill." etc., became fixed as a surname on his descendants . . .
like the preposition 'de' dropped from another class of names.""

"The earliest mention of the name Attwater found in faigland appears
in the chartular\ of the Cathedral Church of Canterl)ur\. Godfried atle W ater.
of Elywarton. in [he Parish of Stone, near Faversham. Count) of Kent,
before A.D. 1367."

"The old coat (d arms of Altwaler: sable on a fesse \\a\\ argenl bdween
three awanz ( f [lie second two bars lun \ azure. CresI : a dcmi-lalbol argent
in the month id an arron gules."

It is evident that the following records had not been called to Mr.
Cutler's attention at the time he wrote his historv. For in Rravlev's Topo-
iirophical History of Siirrry. there is a most interesting item bearing on the
possibilitv of our original name: ''''Manor of West Clandons In 127J). the 6th
of Edward I.. John De Agua or John Attewater seems to have claimed for
land he held at Clandon the right and privileges of ancient demesne and



2 ATWATER GENEALOGY

without j-ucces*." i Thi>i rouUI have been land attached to a manor h<tuse for
his forebears' personal use. It was during the reign of tlu- House of
Plantagenet. '

"The same jx*r?on. huwtner. on trial at Guildford against a writ of
.y»i. uarranto, established the right for himself and his men of Clandon to
buv ami sell in Guilford market without pacing tolls.

"At the same time John Alte water was sununoned to answer the charge
of haxiiig seized and imprisoned Robert Le Ken at Clandon Regis: in answer
to which he pleadetl the lomplainant was his \ illain. and tlic tiiiotioii was
decided in his favor."

It is also stated that on the Rolls of Parliament, during \.D. 1200. in
\ ul. I, Fol. 62. can be found the following:

•Rol»ert Attwater. with his wift- Isabella, brings an Assize of Novel
Dissiezin, . . . touching tenements in Rolherbethe." The above mentioned
pro|»ertN wa> located on the south bank of the Thames, two and oii(-(|uarter
miles south-east from St. Paul's Church. London.

Another interesting notation associated willi mir faiiiilv name and also
establishing the familv relati«inslii|i with "bkford. " is iouml in a folio iiub-
lished in the lOth Centur\ and calleil :\oniina I illaniiii. I lii> xolunic con-
tained the names of Cities. Boroughs. N'iliagi's. and llnndnds. in( hiding
therewith the lonls of all the manors tlirouglioul all llic i (.until - o| l-.niiJand
from the \ear l.ilf) tt» 1559. including:

■'Johaimes .Attc Water ctTlified pursuant to writ tested at (^lipston.
5 March. Kil6. as one <d the Lords of the Township of Ickfoid. in tiie countv
of Rucks."

We also find in the Iiistor\ of Huf kingliamshirc. Vol. I. iIh' lollowing
interesting Attwater reference?.:

"Ickford. Hickford. Iksbird i in Saxoii. Teem/alonl. IKini a v\;iter\ A\ay
or passage through the I ham«'s. i

"Robrrt Karl. <d Morton, halfbrotlier oj \\ illiain. Tiie Cont|iieror I 1066-
l'>;;7 \.l).i granteil this manor, with Marsh, to the Abbey ol Greslein.
founded bv llarlcwin de (!onte\ ille. \\\> father, and b kford was \>\ tlie \libot

and Convent granted to a fainiU deriving its name li tlii- phKc . . . Mow

lonp Grestein Abbey C(»nlinned to enjov the olale in bkloid i- unknown.
but having lieen wizeil li\ the Crown (hiring the \\;n- ol Idwaid II.
idt'poscd b\ Parliament JamiarN 7. l.S27l and again re-toied. it w.i- a >-ei oud
liini- (orfritrd an<l famib of i<-kb*rd is no longer mentioned. unl(» their
lie*' rndanl* are to be idcntihed with persons denominated Atte Water de
bkford, wlm afli-rward pos.vss«'«l a coii>iderable estate Ihtc.

"William \lle Water de bkb>r<l «lied in \'M\. seizi d of the Manor <d
(ircal bkford. hehl of the King in eapilr-. and in I. '.25 Nicholas Rxhall.
PrrtMin of b'kforil, paxwd land- in (ireat bkford. with |ia-tiire of six oxen
and !^ix rowH, b\ fine, to John \lle Water, and Joan hi - wife. an<l llnii heirs."



ATWATER GENEALOGY 3

And to coiiliiuic this continuilN . tlicre is the Idllouiiiy item in the History
of Herts,' "Parish ol Thorley. Diocese of London. William Att Water, clerk,
instituted 6th May. 133!^. Thomas Thorpe, instituted 2Uli Septendjer, 1393,
upon death of William Att W^ater."

Our most illustrious and outstanding English forebear ( it he was ai liiall\
kindred to our branch I is named in 1 lnl( hiiison's llistorv ol Dorset. \ ol. II.
page 351 :

"William Attwater was horn at Denninglon. in Somersetshire and was
a fellow of Magdalene College. O.vford in 1492. I min ] 107 to 1502 he was
Vice-Chancellor of that Ihiiversitv. and on the death ol Cardinal Moreton,
he. for a short time, executed the ofiiee of Chancellor. After several lesser
preferments he was. in 1502. Dean of King's Chapel: in 1506, Chancellor of
Lincoln; in 1509. Dean of Salisbury, and in 1514. Archdeacon of Huntington.
B\ the interest of Cardinal Woolsey, he succeeded him in the Bishopic of
Lincoln and was consecrated November 12. 1514. He died February 4. 1520.
aged 81. at his place at Woburn. Counl\ of Bucks, in the eluireh of wliirh
his bowels were buried, and his bod\ in his (Cathedral."

The manor of Royton, parish of Leidiam. was sold during the reign of
Henry VHI (1509 to 1547 A.D.) to "Robert Attwater. who leaving two
daughters and co-heirs. Mary the youngest carried it with other estates at
Charing and elsewhere in the neighborhood to Robert Mon\wood. Escp. of
Henewood, in Postling. He afterward resided at Pett. in Charing, being part
ol his wife's inheritance, and dying in 1576. was buried in Leidiam (Church.

"He left numerous issue by his wife, who survi\e(l him neaiK inrtx-ltnir
years, when she dying in 1620. in the ninety-third year of her age, was
interred near him. though a moiuimenl to her memor\ was erected at Mark's
Hall, in Essex. She had. as it is said, at her decease, lawfully descended
from her 367 children: 16 of her own: 114 grandchildren. 22<'> of ihe ihird
generation and 9 in ihe fourth.

"■"Ihe manor of Downe Court, in the parish of Leidiam: Rol)ert
Atluater. of Ronton, in this parish, died, possessed of it in 1565. whose
daughter and co-heir. Mary, carried il. with oilier estates in this parish and
neighborhood, in marriage to Robert Honywood, Esq.. of Postling."

Elias Edward \l\\aler. our outstanding historian, with ihe assistance of
Robert Heiu\ Alwater, worked out an Alwater family tree covering the
immediate forbears of Joshua and Daxid.

Recognizing the care, accurac\ and inlegril\ of ihe aforemenlioned
compilers, we must conclude that man\ ol the lamil\ relerences discovered
by them were akin to our branch bul nol necessarib in direct line.

So in this manner we come upon the will of Thomas Altuater. proxed
October 5th. 1484. see Archdeaconry Court. Canleibury. Book 3. p. 23. There
were two sons but oid\ John, who married Marvan. had issue. Of these four
only Robert, the elder, whose will is recorded in Book 15. p. 6. carried the
line through his son Thomas to Christopher whose will is recorded in I)ook



4 ATWATER GENEALOGY

42, page 22. Christopher hat! four sons and a daughter. Joanna. \\\\o married
Stephen Cooke. Their chiUiren brought in the Atwood and Best families. But
we are only concerned with John Attwaler. who married Susan Narsin.

Of this union, there were three chihlren — Joshua. Aim and l)a\iil. uho
were to l»e the first Altwaters to hind in and assist in a very importatit part
of colonizing a portion of the New \\ urid. Father John neglectetl to leave a
will — dying in Ottoher 1636. Susan, mother of Jt)shua. had liim appointed
to administer the estate.

Three months later. Susan died during Jamiar\ <>f 16HT. She was hiiried
ni\l to John in the Leidiani Church \ard.

r.urrialU
■■\..\. 1 (16."?6l John \ttewatter. pater familias.
"Jan. •> (16Ti Susan \ltcw att(>r. W id."

The register also shows Marriages and Christenings. Under the latter
heading during the period from 'Miduielmas. 161)1. unto Michaelmas. 1()1 1
there is the folhtwing entry:

■•June 2. Josuae. the sonne of Jcdin Attwater.
*'Ceorge Hudson. Vicar
"Tlioiuas Hcriman

Ciuii'ciiuarilciis."
"W illiam \t-\\ater

The admini.>tralion papers indicate that Josuae. at the age of twi nt\->i\
wa- a '.Mercer' in .\shford. a market town near I.enliam.

-Now. these. «iur direct ancestt)rs. Joshua. I)a\id and Ann Attwaler.
endiarked on "The Great .\dventure.* Beginning with that unpreilictaMe. long
and treachenius oce.»n voyage. <tf inanv weeks, to eventualh found a (lillcrcnt
hahit in the 'New \\ Drid." which would he temporarilv referred to as the
"Kepuhiic of IS'ewhauen.'

There is much speculation hut no antlicnli( data as to \\li\ an<l liow
our Attwater ancestors joined n|> uilh the havniport-Katon Lxpedititm.

\\ hil- their parent* had passe«l awa\ during the \ear. .|o>lma and Daxiil
niU!*l ha\e heen part «)f this cahal for a considerajile lime. \pparentl\ .lo-lnia
watt a man of capital in his own ri^hl. while l)a\id had reeentU inlieriled
M*\rral pro|KTtics from an Attwaler relati\e. So il wa> natural lor .lohii
Daxenport to wek out thcM- \oung men of lapital lo help (inancc his
f\|N-diliiin. He had receiitiv return*-*! from the Continent it is said disguised
with a long U-ard. B«' that as it ma\. he was a non-cuiiformisl at ixlds with
llip authorilicft. in whiih onr Allwalcrs nmst ha\e joimd. \-hlord was ilie
urat of ihiH group id non-< onfornusls. .So il is reasonahle lo -uppose that
Joohua induced his hrother and many from the inarkil lown io join tiie
rx|M>dition. It is reported that the K\p<*dilion included o\er iwo liiindnwj
men, women and chihlren. When we realize thai man fl\s o\er ilial same



ATWATER GENEALOGY 5

distance today in less than se\eii hour;?, llu' snails pace ol loin nioiillis
seems inconceivable.

The comfort dl llic Queen Elizabeth or the flying ships of today is in
direct ((iiitrasl with tlic travt'l hardships — not to mi'iitioti tlir iiiroiueniences —
of that I6.'>7 trip.

It is reasonable to supposr that Joshua \tt\\at(>r and some others of
means, including Theo])!) Eaton. Steph Goodyear. Geo. Lambcrton and
others, did not ha\e their names on the manifest of the HEGIOH. For it
was just at this time that Charles I — who had dissolved Parliament — fearing
migration of man\ well-to-do Englishmen, issued the following "■['KOCLA-
MATION: . . . that the King, being iiifonncd that great lunnbers of his
subjects were yearly transported into tlios;' ports of America . . . among
whom arc main idle and rcfractorx humors, whose oid\ or principal end
is to live without reach of authority — doth command his officers and ministers
of the ports, not to suffer any persons, being subsidy men or their value to
pass any of those plantations without a license from his Majesty's connnis-
sioners for plantations first obtained, nor any under the degree of subsidy
men. without a certificate from two justices of the peace where they lived,
that they have taken the oath of allegiance and supremacy, and a testimony
from the minister of the parish, of their confonnit) to ihe orders and
discipline of the Church of England."

Without these certificates, any escaping non-conformists might, of
necessity, have to bribe the captain, even if members of the joint enterprise.
From all reports. Master Femes, of the HECTOR, was a brawler to say the
least of his character. His rough treatment of some of the tourist passengers,
like nineteen year old Lord Leigh, son of the Earl (tf Marlborough, was not
unnoticed by Joshua and others. Adults paid five pounds for passage, if not
members of the joint enterprise. One ton of general freight cost four pounds
per passage.

But even as everything comes to an end — they finally arrived in Boston
Harbor June '!(). 1 637.

Several town-sites in Massachusetts and New Hampshire were suggested
as likely settlements. This would seem to |)rove that the group had no



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