Francis Atwater.

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(From the Ort(d)er 11, 1955 issue of The Free Press. Thoniastoii. Georgia. I

The following is taken from a |)rogram ot tin- "IJecognition Mct-ting . . .
for honoring Capt. James K. \tualer" held on .\o\. 20. 1955. on a Sunday
afternoon in the auditorium (d the James R. Atwater School:

The purpose of this meeting is to recognize Capt. J;nnes 15. \l\\ater lor
his interest in and support (d I'l" \ b\ conferring upon him the Degree of
Honorarv Georgia Planter.

Loved and respected by young and eld alike, lies belter known In his
friends as Captain Atwater. He was instrumental in establishing the first
school in the Atwater connnunily. Because he recognizes the importance of
educating boys and girls, and because of his warm affection for the people



of I pson countv; he has given liberally to enuip the new James H. Atwater
sthool. He ga\e iuone\ fur erecting the N'litatioiial Agrieiiltiire Biiilditij:. and
he inake> regular grants to the I- !• \ ( iiapter to assist nieiuLieis in tiieir
training program.

The Future Farmer> <»t Ameriia is a riatidiial orgaiiizatiuii vi lanu Itovs
who are stuclxing \oeational agriiultuie in the |UiMic selK>ols. Started in
1*>28, it has grown to a memjiership of .So5.(K>() prospectixc voiiiig farmers.
The primarN ohjeitive ot TK A is to help ami eiu-ourajie its nienihcrs
to prepare for careers in farming. It also trains for leadership, citizenship.
sehularship. eiK>perati«)n. thrift and patricttism. The Future Farmer's motto is:

"Learning to do.

Doing to learn :

Earning to live.

Li\ing to serve.

In the make-up <»f Volume Five. oid\ «)ne long artiile vsas taken from
the fourth Atwater Histt)rv. This (oneerned Ca|)tain Atualei. However, it
did not inelude his manv gifts for the advancement of eilucalional larilities
and (»hjeeti\es.

During his entire life he has had a keen inlerest in fduialinn nl ihc
youth »d his eonnnunitv. Im manv years he served as nuinlu r and i liaiinian
of the Hoard of Trustees of I!. I., l.fc Institnle. as did lii:- lallicr liflorc liim.



■ !•

■ iiiiMiHi


««.»« KXWW '' -f^Jf k ■ I. H


He lias llirough his geiieiusil\ iiiailr possible the erccliini and (■(|ui|ii»iii^ nf
many school huiltlings. The ■Wlvvater Science Building." gi\cn [<> \\. K. Lee
Institute b\ him in memory of his father, is cun-idcred one of tlif mitslanding
high school science buildings in llic Soulli. In 1955 he was selected as the
first appointee to the K. E. Lee Institute hall ot famed graduates, 'i'lir "■.lames
R. Atvvater School" is a large rural grade school located in iIh' \ I water
community of Upson County, the campus and buildings of \\hi< li were made
possibh^ through his financial su|)porl.

Much (if the following material is in Volume I'nur.

Colonel James R.. son of James W.: banker and maiuilailurer. was born
August 16. lo72. in I liomaston. Georgia. In i liildliood and \outli hi~ tastes
led luin to the sludv of literatun>. and especially history, lie was never very
strong physicalh and was more inclined to remain indoors and read than
to run out and romp with the other boys. He was a good student. \t II. I..
Lee Institute in Ihomaston, where he graduated in \IV)() he finished at thr
head ot his class.

lie has a long and distinguished military record. He joined the I pson
Guards. Company H, Second Infantry. Georgia National (iuard an<l was
made its Captain on November 1899. and remained its Captain until \*MU).
During this period his financial support and personal leadership oj the
Upson Guards were responsible for its einiable record. Tliougli later attaining
higher military rank, he is still affectionately known to the |)eoi)le of Georgia
as •"Captain Atwater." From July 2o. 1906, to October 9, 1907, he served in
the rank of Major as Assistant Quartermaster General of the State of Georgia
and in 1907 was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and served as aide-de-camp
to Governor Hoke Smith. On November 15, 1911. he was retired at the
rank of Lieutenant Colonel. The I pson Guards is still an aclixe niililai\ unit
and has honored Capt;:in \lwaler In naming their armoi\ ihe "James R.
Atwater Armory."

Captain \lwater has alwa\s been a leader in the intluslrial dexelopment
of his connnunitx. He was President of Thomaston Cotton Mills in 1901 and
has served continuously on its Board of Directors to this date. During his
business career he was President id tin' Odessa Bank of Odessadale and
Vice-President of I pson CouuIn ()il Mill-.

His primar\ business endca\i>r lia> Imcii in the held o| banking, lie
was founder of the I'pson Bank and Tiii-t Companx in l')()(t. and through a
series of mergers with the l''armer> and Merchants P)ank and the IJank id
Thomaston emerged as the executive ollicer <d the IlnmuL-ton Banking
Companv which in 1930 became the Citizens & Southern Bank of J'homaston
with Captain Atwater as President. In 1946 he was named Chairman of the
Board of Directors and at the age of !!o continues active in that capacity.


On February 14. 1917. he married Anne Klizabelh \S'alton. daughter *>f
Peter \\ . and Susan Keid \\ altun. of Madison, Georgia. His wife comes from
a family disting;ui>hed for generations, and is a tlireti descendant of George
\X alton. a signer ci the l)eclarati«tn of Indcpeiidence. They haye cne daugh-
ter. Richmond Walion. horn August 21. 1921. Recently, he and his wife.
in memor> if parents. ha\e gi\en to the North Georgia Methodist
Conference a n;'w home in Midison. Georgia, for the iist> i f retired Mclliodist

C.a|»lain Atwater is pas: master of the local lodge of the Woodmen of
the World. He served as mayor of Thomaston for 12 years and is a former
stale senator. He has lived the tradition of his father and grandfather and is
fortunate in now being able [o instill their tradition of life in his grandsons.

When Captain Atwater first heard of our projeit for a new Atwater
Hist<»r\. his willingness to co-cperate was imincdiateh forthcoming. He n(»t
onl\ brought his own branch data up-to-date quickly, but sent representaliyes.
at hi> own expense, far and afield, to secure collaboration from other mend)ers
of the Clan. It is eyident ihr.t when Captain Atwater giyes himself to a
project, he does not falter l)\ tlu' wayside because the path is li;ng and filled
with unexpected obstacles.

The f< Mowing <li])ping from 'The Free Press" Jul\ 26. 1955. also shows
his desire to continuallv support those t)bjectiyes worth) of expansion.

".\ r.T.'iil 9l\U)i\ gift .d land to the James K. \t\\ater Sdiool lia> been
made public b) the priniipal. F. W\ |-o\.

Captain Jame> R. Atwatc". who has made several other contributions to
the school in the Atwater iinmmnitv. reiciitlv presenteil the s; liool v\ith 28
acres of land adjoining the present pnipcrtv. The gift was yalued at SliUH).

"In <'om|ileting the seventh vear of operation the James 1!. \lwater
.Nhooj is happy to atmounce expansiun in many lines." Mr. I'ov said. "A
recent gift of land siigg'.'sts the progress Im which the sclioci s liirnd- are
(-on<tantlv platniitig.

■■^oresc«•illg larger etiroilment. more buildings and widening activities.
Captain James R. Atwater some wi-eks agn presented the school 211 acres of
land. Ibis includes some welcome shade trees. Our students ha\<' already
been fortunate in having large space as compared with tin se in nianv places.
Mr. Fov poititt'd out continuing, "tin- addilinn rc|tii'siMits an cNpeiidilNic of
amund i><iUHI and is greatlv appreciatiil.'

Mr. Fov al>o dixcn^^cil that "as evidence (d Captain \luat('r> inti-resl
in till- >ludent.s us itxlividuals was his gift of a livi' (bill it bill iII.k ImmI to
ihr diploniUA ul ull btrtv-thre*- ninth grade graduates,"

I hr (]lan sabilc- .i .-^<iiilli" r n ::• ullnnan wliu i>- a worlliv dc-i cn(l;iiil of

>ii|r ti ;|f|i'c«.|i ■;'»,



B. L. Atwater

Bert Leonard \h\alfr was liditi in Vddisoii. New ^ <irk. on March 7.
1867. He was the son vl Alhril C.hanihci lain \t\salci and his \sih' Margaret.
nee Carswell.

In the early years of his business career. Mr. Alualer was coniKM ud
with the furniture industry as a manufacturers' representati\e. He operated
his own business, with heachjuarters in Chicago, representing the lines of
several furniture manufacturing companies.

For some years before the turn of the century, and prior to ITis marriage
to the former Blanche Cox, Mr. Atwater resided in the club quarters of the


faniuus Chicago Athletic Assuciatiim. He often reiniiii^eetl of ihe Irieiulships
formed there witli other young men who were dii their \sa\ to fame in xarions
fiehls; of endeavor. Among the best known wcif ihe tlistinguished no(i>ier
writer, George Ade. and John T. MeCuteheon. the renouiu'd |i<iliiual

Mr. Atuater ami Miss Cox were married on April 25. 1*)0(). and made
their first home in Chicago.

An important step in Mr. Alwalirs husiness career came wluii he
entered the chewing gum manufacturing Itusiness. end)arking upon an asso-
ciation that was to continue for nearly half a centurv. Ihe \\ ni. \\ rigle\ Ir.
Compan\ «d Chicagt) was on the threshold «d e\pan>i(iii hum a small. -Iriig-
gling husiness into a WLirld-famous t)rganizali(in. and in 1907. Mi. Alwater
was appointed h\ the late \\ illiam \\ rigle\ Jr. to head the sales activities of
the companv in the Kastern territorv as manager of the New ^ ork ollice.
\^'orking closely with Mi. Wrigle\. he was prominently identified willi ihe
sales program that led to the successiul introduction of \\ riaicx s S|i(ainiinl
chewing gum in the Kasl.

lor the next twenty-five years. Mr. Alwaters husiness and social life
centered in the Kast. and he and .Mrs. Atwater estahlished a home for iiuii
growing family in Garden Cit\. on Long Island. Ciarden Cit\ was llicn \\\
its infancv as a residential suhurh of New York City, and Mr. Alwalc r look
an acti\e interest in civic alfairs and in encouraging the growth and dcvcloi)-
ment of the newer i-ectiun mI die i (inniuinilx . lie wa> pi uniiniiil in ihc
actixities of the Episcopal Church, and was a Mason lor main \cars. allilialcd
with Nassau Connnanderv No. ~'A. of Garden Cit\.

\ imtcwortln event in Mr. Atwater- luisiness career occurred in l*)|6.
when he was elected second vice-president ol the Wriglev Companv. \ \ear
later, he was elected |o the hoard id directors id the inrporalion. In l'*2tl
he was elected to the po.>-ilion id vice-president. I)uiing ilie>e vears lie
continued t<» head the company's sales activities in the l.a-tei n part of the
I nited States, developing dislrihntion ontlel> lor the la-t-i:riiw iiii: \\ riglev
husine^-. In addition In hi- aetivitie- in the -ale- em! ul ihe liu-iiie - lie was
instrumental in otahlishing an Ka-tern lai torv lor ihe eonipaiiv in Ihooklvii.
Ih* traveled extensive!) in Central and Soiilli Vim riea. e-laMi-liini: sales
agen<-ies for the handling of \\ ri^lev pnidin t- in tlm-e i lUiiil i ie-. lie also
traveled to Kur<ipe on inspection trips lor the \\ riglev (ioiiipanv. Me was an
earl) enthusiast for air transportation in his wide-ranging travels, and made
one of the first trips on a connnereial air line in South \nieriea in \^)'2i.

During his vears in the Kasl. \Ii. \lwaler -erved imi tin- direelorates
of two hanking inslitutimis. Dime Savings Rank, id rminklvn. and llml-un
TrU!*l ('oiilpanv (n«»w Kmpir<- liii-l ('.om|»anvi of New \ mk (.il\. Me was
a niendwr of the Meiiii|iidilaii ami J,o|os eluh- of New ^ ork.

In \*y.V2. following ihe dr-alh id William W ri-^lev Jr.. at llial time
chairman of the hoard if the lompanv. Mi. \twatei tran-leiied linm \ew


York to Chicago to work directly with Philij) K. Wriglev. president. As vice-
president, his principal respitiisihility was in supervising the company's sales
promotion activities tiirougliout the country. At this tim(\ the Alwaters moved
their home from (/ardcti Cit\ lo Cliicago. where the\ hmk up residence in
the Drake Hotel.

A devoted famih man. Mr. Alwatcr made i>usiness his |)iiri(ii)lc hohliN
as well as his vocation. In the reahn (d cultural dixersion. lie was a dc\ oLce
of music and the theater, and parlicuiarix llic opera.

His special interest was people and the nuiking of friendships for llir
company he represented. Hard-working, tireless and radiating enlhusiasm. he
was constantly on the move calling on the trade. He was gifted with a waitii.
cordial personality, and a distinguished appearance and inaniici. ( 'oniliinini:
these qualities with a spirit of helpful service. Mr. Atwaler made lileralU
thousands of friends for the Wrigley Com|)any and himself among die
wholesalers and retailers of confectioner\ products. He became widely known
as the company's "andiassador of goodwill' to the trade, and in 1951. the
National Candy Wholesalers Association adopted a resolution extending
recognition to him in these words:

"To Mr. B. L. Atwater — one of the beloved deans of the
confectionery maimfacturing industry, this certificate of recog-
nition of his many years of devoted service to this industry and
his sincere friendshi]i for the candy wholesalers of the nation."

Mr. Atwater took a particular interest in the young men who were
making their start in the field of sales and merchandising, and he is remem-
bered with affection and grateful appreciation by many to whom he extended
help and encouragement.

Ill December of 1951. Mr. Atwater retired as vice-president of the Win.
WriglcN jr. (Company in order to take things a little easier. He continued
in his post as tlirector of the company, and was also elected chairman of
the hoard of directors of its Canadian afliliate. the Wm. Wrigley .Jr. Comjiany
l>iinit((l. In his last ) ears. Mr. Atwater continued to maintain goodwill
contacts with the trade and to make available to the Wrigley organization
his valuable ad\ i((' and counsel based on the experience accumulated in a
long career as an outstanding American salesman and sales executive.

At the age of eight\ -seven, Mr. Atwater passed away in his home in
Chicago on September 6. 1954.

— Helen Atwater Wkigley
(Mrs. Philip K. Wrigley)

"Our ancestors are a very good kind of folks: but they are the last people
1 should choose to have a visiting ac(|uaintaiice with."'

Sheridan's — The Rivals.




Richard Mead Atwater, Junior

No. 1870

Horn- H'n-hurd Mead was horn in Ma\ 16. loT.! in MilKilli'. New Jciscn.

Educalion William I'tMin Clliarler Schotil. IMrhulciphia. I'a.. I\(i\l>iiry

Latin Sfliool. Boston. Mass.. Kaiserliche. KoniKliclu' Technisclie Hoxhscliilc.

BiTJin. (!liarlotttMil»ur". Gerinaii\. Kradualrd Ma\ lo91 will

1 (li|il(im:i (K'gree

of Mining and Metallurgital Engineer (cuin laude I .

Eniiiloyinrnt anil Exiwriencc — During colK'gc \acatioiis lu" Wdikcd in
niinrs and plants in (Ji-rniain. in Austria, in iJi'lgium. in Fratu »•. atid in
Kngland. After graduation Iviiliard worked in llic diamond mines al kimlieilx
and the gold niine-s at Joliamieslterg. South Africa. From mid I'JOS until
enti of lo'>T he uas em|)lo\ed li\ The F\|iloraliiin Cm.. I.lil.. Ldiidtin. as junior
fnginetT acting niaiiiK as assistant and inlcr|icler hir liieir lield engineers,
in Kuro|)«- (iernian\. Austria. Uumania. Uussia. Seiliia. hirkev. Ilal\.
France, and .*^|Kiin.

From I<!'J<5 to I">(12 inelu^i\e he was em|)|o\ed li\ Dcwirk. Mureing \
Co.. London, as their lield engineer, in W extern \u>-lralia. New /ealand.
South An-tralia and Tasmania. an<l dining l*)l>.'i. a>> general manaiici id llie
Sons of (fWalia (fold Mining ( .o.. W < -| Xu^lralia: tlu-n he \\a - iril Id \laia\a
( a.H resident partner I to iiiak<- a >«lud\ <dllii lin mining and mihIi inj industr\.

Wiehard returned ( \ ia I'aris and I, Ion i |o (lie U.S.A. in [''III. I le

was appointed general manager of Oold Mine (]o.. Nelj-on. I'liili-li (.olnmliia
then the largest gold mine in (!anada.

1 1<- returned In Ih-lcna. Monlana in !''(>."). Ilii li;ird luiaiiic (iciil engineer
for the (iole-Hvan gronji inspecting mines in I .S. \.. (Canada. Alaska, and


Mexico, iiuluding Norlli Butte Copper Co., Consolidated Copper Mines,
Calumet of y\rizona. and Greene Cananea. He served as manager, in Mexico
of Black Mountain Mining Co.. and Sierra Consolidated Mirio Co.

Richard Mead moved to Dululh. Minn, in PJ()*J and organized llif
Butte & Suj)erior Copper Co.. which became the then largest western silver
and zinc j)roducer in the U.S.A. He brought linm England ihr I-Ik rwuud
li\ drdclcclric zinc-silver rcco\er\ nictlmd which has since bcconir llic inn-l
inipoiiaiil process of its kind.

Ill l'i()()-()7 he spent *J months in B(ili\ia (with inspectinii lrip~ inln
Peru ( Cervo de Pasco) and Chile (Chile copper) inspecting tin and copper
mines there for a grou]i of ILS.A. bankers (National ('it\ Bank. Spe\er \
Co.. W. R. Grace & Co.. and American Metal Co.) who planned to build a
railroad system for Boli\ ia. Report as to the raihvav was adverse but
recommended consolidation and modernized equipment for the miiio. That
resulted in A. S. iS. R. Co., taking over the Corocoro inalixcl c()|)pcr mines,
and the organization of Patino Mines & Enterprises.

From 1911 to 1937 Richard Mead was employed by Ladeidiurg. 11ia!-
niaim & Co., New \ork international bankers as staff engineer. He supervised
all their mining investments and served as their representati\e on boards of
directors of many companies financed by them — such as Burns Bros. (coal).
M. K. T. Ry. Co., Oklahoma Woodchuck Zinc-Lead Co.. Copper Can \ on
Mining (]o.. and many others.

Richard Mead also served as president of North Butte Copper Co. and
of the Oneida Copper Co., and field engineer for the Philadelphia Co. I Ic
made inspection and report for J. P. Morgan & Co. on the Plymouth Oil Co.
of Texas and for others on the Houston Oil Company's natural gas holdings
in Western Texas.

He became one of Ladenburg, Thalmann S. Co. powers of attorney, and
visited Kngland and Europe twice, as their representative. He retired from
that lirm in 1937 to undertake gold placer mining in California and British
Columbia, lie organized and conducted o|)erations of Columl)ia Explorations
Co. (London backing) until stcp])ed by World War H.

In 1943-46 he spent 115 months studying ihe tin industry of Mexico
planning to supplement U.S.A. tin supph. then badh cri|)pled h\ .lapan's
coiupiest of Malaya. This effort ended in an article written lor die Engineer-
ing i^ Mining Journal. January, 194B number, entitled "Can Mexico's Tin
Industry be Modernized?"", but up to 1955 with no actual acti\it\ b\ I .S.\.
interest on the project.

From 1945 to date (Feb.. 19551 Richard Mead carried on |)rofessional
mining work in U.S.A.. Cuba, and Mexico, followed in 1951-55 with acti\e
investigations in the uranium field of eastern Canada, \r\\ Mexico, and the
"Plateau," and Arizona.

Personal — Quaker, Republican. Legion of Honor Member American
Inst, of Mining & Metallurgical Engineers: active (1915-1921 I mend^er 7th


Regiment .N. ^ . Stcite National Guaril. later president 7th Hejit. Veterans

Richard Mead Atwater married 1894 Jane Eliza Brewer, daughter Rt.
Rev. Leigh Richmond Brewer. Episcopal Bishop of Montana from 188()-1*)16.
( Children! — Margaret Flovd. Leigh Richmond Brewer. Richard Mead 111.
First wife died .November 1933. August 1935 he married Aim Magilalen
Donellon. Residence — ^\Xindtr\st Barn. Chadds Ford. Pa.

— Jane Brewer Atwater Pratt

Francis Atwater of New Haven

(No. 17051

Francis, son of Henrv. describes himself in the fourth \tiluiiie of Atwater
Histor\ and Genealogy as "author. |)ublislier. pri liter, organizer street
railroads, press associations, member of American Publisher's Association.
Nati»»nal T\pothetae. publisher of the first all-American daily newspaper in
Cuba, author of histor\ of IM\ mouth. Connecticut, and compiler <if the
volumes of Atwater Histt>ry."

Francis was born Dec. 3. 1858 in Pl\niouth. Conn, and died in New
Ha\en on Nov. 25. 1935. In 1879 he married Helena J. Sellow. Tlie\ had
one stin. Dorence Keith Atwater. born Ma\ iO. 1880. Dorence lost his lile
by drowning at Kennebunkport. Me.. Aug. 23. 1900 when he was but twenty.

Francis was a versatile person and he lived an interesting life. His
record in Who's \\ Im in America mentions his life and interests in I'Kinnulh.
Southinglon. Mcridm. \\ allingford. Hartford. New Britain. New IIimii.
East Hampton. 1 Hn iiiiitoii. and Kent, all in ( .oiiiui ticut. in Kcd Hliiif.
California and Havana. (!uba. He was a printer and |iiililisli( r priniariK.
but he was involved in at least two street railway comj)anies and was ct)nii(< ted
officiallv with at least seven banks, all in ("onnecticut. He was a meinlti r in
l*M)(> of the (lomiecticul !*itate .^enalc an<l was a memlicr ol the Kxecutivc
Connnittee of the American National Red Cross. In 1912 he uas a founder
and president of the (^lara Barton Memorial Association.

Hi- publi<-ations indudeil tlic lii-toiic- nf I'Kinoutli and Kent. (.onn..
1896: (..iir vohim.-sof Vluatn llivt..rv and (hh. alo^N. (19()|. |')(l(,. |')|').
and 1927 I. He published tin- .Meriden (ientiiiiiial Proceedings in 1907. his
Personal Memoirs in 1921 and llw lli-toiv of Stuilhiiigtoii in 1925.

Mendtrrs of tin- .'\lv\alcr (Ian (an be grateful fm 1" rancis" vocation as
wi-ll as for his avocation. He had a persistent iiilerot in the nvords of the
familv ami his contributions <'\lending over at least twcntv five vear- took
full a<lvantage of the earlier r«'searehes and |iiibli( alion.- ol Hev . Kdward I',.
Atwater (18.16-18,871 and Robert Henrv \t\saler (1831-18891 who had
made excellent "-tudiei- of the faniiK in the I iiited State- and id the origins
in England. It re<piired time and effort and money to do what f ram is did


for the faiiiil\. \iiy compiler who allcinpls lo extend the record will readilv
discover what a complex and haflliiig and frustrating task it is. \iiil it i~
c\en more costly and difficult today than when Francis did his part in the
beginning of the 2()lh Cenlur\ . ^ ct. like th(^ cathedrals of the lie d(> France,
no one man c-an claim to he ihc huildrr. Main men. cadi in his own
generation, made contrihulioiis and the completed slrutUirc cniliodics the
building stones of llu' past.

The writer ol this sketch was privileged lo nifcl |- raiiri> (Hi two o( ca-ions
during the earl\ lO.'JO's when Francis accepted in\ilation> lo allirul two
Atwater reunions of a series carried on for some years in Western New ^ oik
State under the leadership of Chester Atwater of Olean. New ^ ork. In
spite of advancing years and considerable physical disability. Francis made
the long trip from New Haven in his car. bringing a neighbor as his
companion, and contributing his part lo llic reunion in a generous wa\. 1 1
meant a great deal to more than 100 family members to ha\e this personal
contact with the compiler of the Atwater genealogy. It was then that he turned
o\cr his remaining familv records to the writer with the liojic that in time
other and more inclusive family records might be published. Francis would
rejoice that such a day has arrived.

Reginald M. Atwater, M.D.

Atwater Family Holds Reunion
at Rockwell Park

Over 100 Present

The Atwater family reunion, held August 22 at Rockwell jjark. was
well attended, there being 105 present. They came from five states and
included five generations. The oldest [)erson present. Mrs. Emma Louisa
Atwater Rountree, celebrated her 94th birthday on October 5. 195.'^. The
voungest. Roger Lee Messman. son of Mr. and Mrs. Ravmond Messman. was
one year old.

The Atwater history, given the da) ol the reunion b) Elizabclli lli'nr\.
is as follows:

William Atwater was born in ( ioiincctiiut. Octobi-r 2 1. \l'<\ 1. Ih- was
educated in the east, worked in tlic clock lactorx lliere lor a while iheii
came west. He canie to Illinois in 1837, settled at Qui\er and bought land
from the government. He l)uilt a cabin where he lived as a bachelor for
three years to prove his claim. He married Elizabeth Ringhouse on December
25, 1840. She was born in Germany on February 20. 1824 and came to

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