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America with her parents in 183 L a six weeks ocean trip. They settled on
Quiver in 1836.

Mother has in her possession, the deed to llii> piece of land wlii< li was
purchased by grandpa from the government. It was signed \n 1838 by .James



52 ATWATER GENEALOGY

K.. Polk, prejiideiit of the I nited States. This land has been in the Atwatcr

name ever since, heing the old homestead where I Buz I Sheldon Atwatcr
now lives.

There were tweUe children horn to this pioneer couple. .M\ mother,

Mrs. Kinnia Louisa Xtwater Ixnuntree is the only one li\ing of the orijiinai
fan)il\ .

Grandfather Atwater was one of the leu men among the early settlers

wlu» had an education and many came to him lor business advice. Among

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tin- old |iap«-r> mntlu'r has. arc xncral ((iiilracty he wmti' mil. llicii llii\ wmild
maki- their \ mark and grandpa signed their naiiif in lln- iucmikc oI Iuo
other rin-n who <i>iild write wliiili would make il lri:al. Mntr \\a- rm iiniil
housi- here al Havana, no Ma^oii rniinlN. 1 lii- |iail ol tli<' coiinliv \\a- in
lultoii ioiiMl\. I lien- wav no bridge a<ross tin- lUimiis llixn. ihcicldic
it was a ha/ardou> trip through tin- ImiIIoims !<• I.ewistown to iian-ail legal
business.

I have hear<l grandma tell. the\ raised the sheep, she helped shear llic
wrioj. take it to the woolen mills in liilloii (dnnl\ licr'^clf and lia\r il
• ardi'd. Then r-he -pun the \arn. knit all llie Mi(k> and -loi king- lor the
fainil\. ."^he spun tin- thread for weaxing tin- (loth. il\i-<l tli<- < lolli lor the
outer garments, using walmit hulU for d\e. and set the color, ii.-ing ( liand)cr
Ive so it would not fade.



ATWATER GENEALOGY 53

She made all llic iiiKJerwear. petticoats, dresses, men's shirts, suits,
and all. Thc\ had to last two \ears as she made for one-half the family
one year and the other half the following year.

On Sunday they put on their clean outfit. It was their Sunday go-to-
meeting hest. No question on what llic\ uonid wear — the\ were content and
happy to have the clean outfit.

I have also heard grandma tell when lhe\ ran out ol Hour ami iiwal.
of going to the field and gathering the soft ears of corn, grating it <iri a
home-made grater and making it into corn hread and haking it for the
family. Today we go to the super market and get the read\-ini\.

Grandpa Atwater d\cd Fel)ruar\ II. l!')6o, and grandma was remarried
later to John Kroell. Therefore we knew her as Grandma Kroell. She died
Septendjer l.x 1016.

We should he proud to he desiendants of this iiohle pioneer couple.
1 woniler if we fully appreciate their hardships, lahor and toil, to give us
our wav of life with its liherty and freedom of today. It is well and fitting
for us lo gather together each year in their memor\ .

May we he blessed with the opportunity to all meet together again it
this time next year. God hless us and grant us this privilege."

Among those attending the reunion were Mr. and Mrs. Hercy Atwater
and Kemieth. Mr. and Mrs. James Steele and Gloria. Mr. and Mrs. Gharles
Rountree. Mr. and Mrs. Orley Welker Jr.. Mr. and Mrs. Sheldon Atwater.
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur P>iedrich and sons. Mrs. Lizzie Henry. Mrs. Ennna
Louisa Atwater Rountree, Mr. and Mrs. William Atwater and family. Mr.
and Mrs. Edwin Reynolds.

Mr. and Mrs. OIlie Reynolds and Hazel. Mr. and Mrs. Paul Atwater and
Diane, Miss Emilie Hackman. Mrs. Lydia Sea\. all IVoiii Havana: Mr. and
Mrs. Richard Hinnen. Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Hinnen and Wendell, all from
Eureka.

Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. Nichols. Congerville: Dorothy Wheelock and
Sterling Wills. Barry and Barbara, of Boone. la.: Mr. and Mrs. Henry
Carlisch and Larrv. Forest Cilv: Mr. and Mrs. Mel\ in Ft)rnoff and family.
Manito: Mr. and Mrs. Harry Miller and Janet. Davenuort, la.

Mr. and Mrs. Russell Henry and family. St. Louis, Mc: Mr. uid
Mrs. Harry Hallock and IVter Kewanee: Mr. and Mrs. Waller Atwater.
Indianapolis, Ind.: Eugene Atwater, Peoria: Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Miller
and Nancy, Moline: Gynthia Bishop, Decatur: Mr. and Mrs. Melioid Ih.v,
and family. Ardaline Wills. Mr. and Mrs. Everett Fuller and famiK. Stanhope.
la.: Marilyn Varland. Radcliffe. la.; Mrs. Lloyd Sutton and Ronald.
Kilbourne; George Herbert Todd. Toledo. Ore.: Mr. and Mrs. Raymond
Messman and sons. Mr. and Mrs. Herman Messman. Mr. and Mrs. Stanley
Noll and family and Francis Atwater. all from Topeka.

(Editor's Note: 77h',s article, by Elizabclh Henry, appeared on Thursday,
Sept. 2, 1954 in the ".Mason County Illinois Democrat.''



54



ATWATER GENEALOGY



An Unusual Occupation

.M\ >uii. Montgomerv Meigs Alwater. is an "a\ alaiuhe-husler " Im the
U.S. Forest Service. He makes his iieadi|uarlers at Alia. I tali, the iamoiis
ski-resort near Salt Lake City. I tali. \t first lu- was not (uilx an axaiulie-
liuster hut the axaiaiuhe-huster. N^u tlurt- an- others — most til tlit-ni siiow-
ranjiers who have attended the a\alaiKhe school held e\er\ \ear at \lla.




Avalanches have al\va\s Imiii inir <i| ihc inajnr hazards oi llu' wurlds
hifjh |»larrs. and for main \cars snow -sliidics lia\f Ikih carried nn m Swilz-
erlaiid and in .Austria in the h<ipe id learninji l<p imdii I ihc-c vhiIcikcv nf
Nature, and to find some m<-tli<>il oj i iititrollin<.' tlii-ni. Iliil in ihr I iiilcd
.Slates, "til |'ll<"( when the \lla [irojcc I was set up. iiuiliinji nl tln' kind was
attempted. Avalanches a|)piar to lia\c liccii rcjiardcd as ""ai Is of ^/nd. like



ATWATER GENEALOGY 55

earthquakes and tornadoes. Perhaps the reason for this la\ in tlu- fact that
they are no prohlem in the great Middle West and of rare occurence in the
populous East. In the ruggest western mountains, to lie sure, thev picked off
many a traveller from a mountain trail and overwhelmed man\ an isolated
mining camp hut for the most part the) thundered down, tearing up irees
and dislodging rocks, hut quite harmlessi) otherwise.

Now it is different in the West. The enthusiasm over skiing and nlhcr
winter sports takes thousands of people into the hills on every fine winter
day, and other thousands travel the mountain highways, under the avalanche
threat. Hence the avalanche-buster.

My son's experience during the second world war included service as
Aide to the General in charge of the training of ski-troops and mountain
troops. He was, before that, a skilled woodsman, having lived much of his
life in Montana near the top of the Continental Divide, with interludes of
taking a Harvard B.A. and of coaching football — all useful experience. \
study of Swiss snow-control methods was helpful, hul conditions in ihe
Rockies differ from conditions in the Alps and for the most part he has had
to blaze his own trail. At Alta he has set up a laboratory for snow-stud) with
instruments — most of them devised by himself — for the accurate measurement
of snowfall, wind direction and velocity, snow temperatures, changes in snow
consistency, and the other factors that make one inclined snow-mass deadly
and another harmless. But this work, important and exacting as it is. would
be of little practical value without the working out of methods to neutralize
the danger when understood and predicted.

The force in a great avalanche is tremendous, and no j)ossible structure
of barriers will withstand it. The only feasible method of dealing with it is
to make little avalanches of the big ones before they grow big, and to bring
down those that inevitably grow big. when they can be brought down safely.

Small avalanches may often be induced to slide by a skillful and dating
skiier, though this method has its hazards. The dangerous '"cornices that
form along sharp ridges as a result of wind-action require a different treat-
ment, as do great masses of "slab" snow. Dynamite charges, suitably placed,
take care of some of these: others are persuaded to come down with cannon
fire, a small howitzer gun being found the most efficient tool for the imipose.
These techniques were worked out by experiment at Alta.

Travellers motoring over some of tli<' lugh passes in Colorado la>t
summer were startled to find themselves in the midst of artillery fire and may
have thought thev had blundered into a bit of guerrilla warfare, but it was
merely a set of tests to find the best gun-emplacements and the correct range
for the guns that will make those dangerous stretches of highway safe next
winter.

Avalanches, of course, run in regular channels, though sometimes they
run miles further and hundreds of feet deeper than in other years. The
main ones have najnes and infamous histories. The ski resort at Alta is on



56 ATWATER GENEALOGY

the >ite of an abandoned silver mine of the old da\s and during the time
of the mining aetivitv man\ men were caught and killed 1>\ the avalanches.
That the njodern methods of snow etuitrol are effeetive is j)roved hy the fact
that since 19U> when the snow station was set uj» at Alta there has not l)een
a single fatalit) there, though thousands of skiiers are on the slopes everv
fine week-end during the winter.

M\ son's activities are not confined to Alia. He inspects ski projects all
through the western mountains and plans safety measures and recommends
safetx procedure. He is called on in snow emergencies — as wlicii l;i-l wiiiln
an army plane crashed near the top of one of the highest and most rugged
peaks of the Wasatih Range. The accident happened at the liciglil o| ihc
a\alanche season and the region is one of the most iruu cessihlc in I tali.
MittitN .\twater was detailed to lead the n'scuc partx and to find a>- sale a
route as possible up the mountain. It was an allaii n\ Imir \t'r\ anxious
days. When the rescuers reached lln- wreck tlu'\ IuuikI all the mcii aboard
the plane dea«l. but tbcx were able [>> ictrieve some iiii|i(irtant go\rnmitiil
papers, and all the part) got dnwn again ali\e and uninjnit'd.

When the first coast-to-coas( l(lc\ i-iun s('l-ii|i was being made undci
pressure, so that the lountry nught view the Peace Congress in San h rancisco
-the lonstruction of a \ ital relav station on top (d a nmnntain in Ncsada
was halted when axalanches swept the onl\ road oxer wliii b ^ii|i|ili('s bad to
be taken tti the site. My son was called upon for help in ihe :'niergeni \ . I line
proxed to be no possible wa\ to make the road practicable. In fai t tlic oiiK
safe route lay straight up the mountain along a narrow lidgc too naimw
aiul too steep for a road with the avalanches running barndcssK down cillni
side. A crane was set up and the supplies were luuiird u|i over tlii- narrow
trail on sledges and ibc da\ was saved. \> a rc-iilt a iiirn\ mam iicoplc
enjoNfd a niemorabb* experience that tbc\ owed tliougb ilu'\ did not know
it — to the knowledge and ingenuit\ ol tlic a\ alani Ik -bu-tcr.

\\alan(-hediusting is an exciting and ^trcniioi;^ joli and not wiilioui ii^
hazards but ibo^c w bo travel the nionnlain bigliwav- in wiiitci. and diose
who take their »porl oti the snow slopes, owe their ^aiel\ and |ieilia)i- ilieir
lixo. to the man Willi tlie nmi-iial oe('U|iatioM.

— M \ia \lri(.^ \ rw \ ri:i{

< Kdilor's .Note: the fo||ov\iiig eaption a|p|ieared reeeiilK iiiidei a jiiilme
of the four men iiu-nlioned. in the S\ ra( n>e Herald. I

\|()l\l\l\ >l. \i;(.lll.i;>. These expert moimlaiii.^.r^ .limbed Mt.
I nnpanogo>>. I lab. ni >>pile ol ihreateidng avalaiulio and loimd \\ie( ka;je (d
B-2.^ bomber in whiih h\e die<l. j-rom left in foregroinnl. II aidld (»oodro.
James |{. .Shane and l,i-e Moerl-. who uent ahead to wreck wlieii ilanger
forcj'tl main bod\ back to eam|p. Iomi. i> >now Hanger Nbnile \t\\alei. who
was in charge of ground parl\. W \\ irephoto.



ATWATER GENEALOGY 57

Cai'leton William Atwater

No. 2382

Carleton William, son of Jolm Willxir and Frances Ann (iVeplesI
Atwater. was l)orn on June 19. IJioo. He married Marv Baron Spencer, tin*
(laughter of Dr. Jolm Heed Spencer and Eliza Becker Spencer, in Cincinnati.
Ohio on June 1. 1910.

His early education was in Kiiigsx illc and CIcx eland. ( )hiii puMii x Ihk.Js.
The Bachelor of Arts degree was conferred by Denison I iii\crsitv. (iranxijle.
Ohio upon graduation in i*)07. I'roni there he pursued his -Indii- in ilie
Rochester Theological Seminar) (now (^olgate-Rocholct |)i\init\ S(Iiih,|i.
graduating there in 1910. Other advanced special studies were done in
McCormick Theological Seminar) and the Butler 1 niversitv School ol
Religion. The Honorar) degree of Doctor of l)i\init\ was conferred fir-t in
1926 b) the Rio Grande College and in 1931 b) his Alma Mater. Dcni.son
University.

Baptist pastorates were held in Cincinnati, Ohio. Anderson. Indiana,
and Indianapolis. Indiana.

After nearly eighteen years as pastor td the First Ba|)tisl Church.
Indianapolis, Indiana. Dr. Atwater retired from a<ti\e pastorate on Novem-
ber 15. 1950.

His ministry has l)een characterized by significant service to his Churcli.
to the Baptist denomination at large, to the Indianapolis Council of (^hnrches.
as well as the National Council of Churches. He served in important ( apacities
in state work in Ohio and Indiana. Some of the ollices held included l)(>ing
President of the Baptist Young People's Fnion of America. President dl llie
Ministers Council of the American Baptist Coiuentidii. and Chairman <»f
the Connnission of Fifteen of the American Baptist Coiuention. The recom-
mendations of his Connnission were far-reaching, one .stressing on mt)re
efficient and more adequate organization (d the boards and the societv of die
American Ba])tist Convention. In addition he served as a mend)er of the
General Council and on several other important committees and i-onnnissions.

Since 1935 he has been a mend)er td the Iluaid of Managers of the
Ministers and Missionaries Benefit Board. In i^y.V) he was made a mendiei
of the Board of Directors of Franklin College ( Indiana!, a jjosition whieh
he has filled to this date.

Contributions to eixie life have l)een main. lie i^ a Fast Froident cd
the Indiana Society of the Sons of the American Revolution and at i)resenl
is serving as Chaplain of that organization. He is a 32nd degree Mason, a
member of Phi Gamma Delta and a inendx r i>f the loimders and Falrinl^
of America.

After his retirement from active pastorate Dr. Atwater served as Interim
Executive Secretarv and Director of Citv Work of the Indiana|)olis Ba|)tist
Association mitil June 1. 1954. — John Spencek A i w atku, M.D.



58 ATWATER GENEALOGY

The Atwater Kents

A. Atwater Kent. Jr.. tin* |»rt'.«-tMit lieail ut tlu- tamil\. is President of
the Atwater Kent Mfg. Co.. anil the Atwater Kent Foundation. He is also
President of the Board of Trustees of the Atwater Kent Museum (Phila.)
and of the Board of Directors of the American Flag House and Betsy Ross
Memorial ( Phila«lelphia I .

One of his hohhies is the collection of antique automobiles. Atwater
Kent. Jr.. is also a mendter. Pennsylvania Historical aiul Museum Commission.
Historical ."Society of IVmisylvania and Sons of tlie American Kexolution.
With his inuuediate family, he is a life member of llic Vermont Historical
Society.

On Jul\ 2nd. 1941. he married Denyse S.. daujihter of Suzamie Kaingo
and Georges S. Biiuni of Paris. France. Their children include Suzanne
Atwater. A. Atwater 3rd. Christo|)her Hriiiton and Peter Alexander. His
sisters are Mrs. Flizabeth Kent Van Alcn of Fdjicniont. Pa., and Mrs.
Virginia T. Catherwood of Tucson. Arizona.

His Clubs include: Raccjuet ( Phila. I . Corintliian Yacht Club. Bar
Harbor ^ acht (!iul>. \«irllicast Harbor Fleet. Radnor Hunt. Bar Harbor
Club and .^eal Harbor Club.

IIOI.IAWOOI). Calif.. March k 1949 — A. \tuatcr Kent. in\.iil.,i.
industrialist and philanthropist, died tiiis morning. He was 75 years old.

Mr. Kents marriage to Malirl Lucas, which tunk place in ]9()6. ended
in divorce.

I)\\\<ir(l t(» Farlv Motorists

\fter pioneering in the automobile and radio fields. Arthur Atwater
Kent retired a wealths man. His name was a bswortl uith carl\ motorists.
particularly in connection with his ignition, starting and lighting s\stem. In
the Iwenties and Thirties. Atwater Kent and radio were chtscK linked.

The first Atwater Kent radio set. a fi\( -tube affair, was |iul (uil in 192.i.
Three \ears later the millionth set was turned out.

He introduced man\ nuisical celebrities to radio broadcasting, engaging
for the .Sunday night Atwater Kent hour oNt-r a network of stations the
Inghest priced grand opera and concert pcrfoniicr-. He created ihr \l\\aler
Kent Foundation to I'onduct nation-wide aiidilion^ lo dis((i\cr unknown
talent. I he winners received liberal iiioiic\ pri/c^ and idiirx's <<{ stnd\ in llie
leading nmsical schools.

Born in Burlington. \'l.. Ik- wa!- the >on o| ihc laic Hi. and \1t>. I'rcnliss
J. Kent. I l.ditor's .Note: Klizabeth M. daughler of \nd»ro.^e Atwater. I

ll«- entered the automotive industrv b\ designing a |)ocket-siz«' clc( trie
meter to test dry-cell batt<'ri<'s then used in automobile igtutions. In 1902 he
eslablislu'd the Atwater Kent Mamifacturing Wmk^ in I Miiladclpliia in make
telephones and small voltmeters.

Doigned Ignition .Svslcin

Ihr<*e years lati*r he began making his rc\ ohil innat \ i;jnilion -\stcin
which made a single (piick hot sjiark instead of ih. cudinarv slrcani ol '-parks.
It was used in a dozen makes of autiMmdiilc-.

Mr. Kent c<inverted his plant to war matinfai Inrc during llic first World
War. After the war he continued manufacturing ignitions and starting and



ATWATER GENEALOGY 59

lighting systems until 192.). wlicii his [daiits hegaii liirniiig out rarlios. ntic
of tlie first vatuuin lube sets to be manutactund in i|iiantil\. \l ihr peak ol
production liis lirni produced 6. ()()() radios daily, and (in|il(i\rd I2.(M)0
workers.

In 1937 Mr. Kent restored the Bels\ Koss House in IMiiladdphia and
the next year the old Franklin Institute building and ga\c it to the cjlx as
a museum dedicated to the hislor\ of IMiilad('l|)hia. The cit\ named ihc
museum for its donor. ( l\c|)rint l»\ |)crniission (d the \cu ^ ork Times.)



Helen Atwater

No. 1523

Home Economist

Rorn in Summerville, Massachusetts, the daughter of Dr. Wilbur Olin
Atwater. a pioneer investigator in the field of human mjtrition. Miss Alualc r
literally grew up in the field to which she devoted her lifetime. Taken abroad
at the age of six as her father pursued his scientific studies, she learned
German in Germany and French in France. She used both languages as
editorial assistant to her father in slucTu's that were inlcrnalional in scope
and which set the pattern for scientific experiment in this country.

Set Up Station in Connecticut

During her childhood her father conducted the first agriculture
experiment station ever set up in the United States, in Connecticut. In 1894
Congress appropriated the first money for work in this field, and Dr.
Atwater came to the Department of Agriculture as head of the new Olfitc ol
Experiment Stations. In 1896 he turned out the first tables ever made on ihc
composition of familiar foods.

After her graduation from Smith College, Miss Atwater helped on ihc
first popular presentation of these facts, which went out as Farmers' Bulletin
No. 142. She lived to see her father's centenary and the fiftidh annixcrsary
of his Federal pioneering celebrated.

Two years after Dr. Atwater's death in 1907. Miss Atwater joiii.d the
staff of her father's old department, and for fomtcrn years continutil there
her work of interpreting scientific findings into la\nians language. She
then became first editor of the Journal of Home Economics, monthly official
organ of the American Home Economics Association.

Did International Work

She was also one of the organizers of intcrnalional ( (mfciences on human
welfare. She served as a consultant for the Assoi iatrd ( !oiiiitr\ uoincn of
the World, with headquarters in London.

Miss Atwater's work in coiuiection uith the joint efforts of national
women's organizations began during the first World War. when she served
as liaison officer between the Department of Agriculture and the Women s



60 AT WATER GENEALOGY

Coniiuillee of the Council of National Defense. For t\\t'nl\ \ears l>efort> Iut
retirement, she was a member of the Women's Joint Congressional Conunittee.
a group of delegated Washington representatives of women's organizations
x\hirh uiirks on (Capitol Hill in lu'half of soiial welfare legislation.

Mi>s Atwater was a Fellow of the American Association foi i\\v
Advancement of Science, a hygiene and housing connnittee chairman il liic
American I'ulilit Health Association. Her cluhs inchulecl the Anifrican
Association of I ni\ersity Women, the \\ onRMis Natimial Press Chili. ()mi( loti
-Nu anti Phi I psilon Omicron.

Helen Wood\\ar«l Atwater. editor of the Journal of Home Economics
frtjm 192.'^ to l')ll. and prc\iousl\ a niend)er of the sciciilifii slaiT of ilic
old Office of Home Fconomiis. Dcjiarlnient of Agric iillure. died in Fnicrgcncy
Hospital here earl\ today after a hrief illness. Her age was 71.

Although ^li^^ Atwater had heen retired for several \ears. she rtin;:iiii'd
active in manv national organizations, working to further legislalioii in
child care, housing and consumer fields.

( Fuitor's .Note: From the malerial in the New ) orh Times issue of June
27, 1947.1



The Calorimeter

Itidav there are several niillion |iciiplc ulm kmiw \\u- (. alius li\ il^ liisl
name. In thousands of homes the housekeeper lia> lurn trained llimugli licr
favorite magazine v\hether Ladies" lloini' J<niriial. (nxid I l(>usekee|)ing.
.Mo«lern Priscilla. or The Farmer's Wife — to measure lood \aliic li\ i aluries
rather than price.

Ill llie earlv 'TO's a man (uiK a lew \ears oiil nl \\r-l(\aii idiii ncd
from studving two vears in (icniiaii universities to hci uini' |ir(ili - ^ni ol
chemistrv a( the rollegc where less than a decade liciiuc he had liccii
graduated. Ahroad he had hecome aclivcK interested in the ihen mw ^i ienc c
«d agrieullural chendstrv. This suhjcet lie hegaii In luHow |i\ re^eaK lie- in
the chenutal lahoralorv at Wevjcvaii.

lo thoM" not fandliar willi \\e-le\ari it iiia\ -eeiii - wli.il nnii-iial

that a "college for culture -Imidil lend its faeililies iui e\|iet iineiilal work
in agrieultural chendstrv. Injl a kiiouk'dg*' oi ihe hi-torv <d \\e-le\aii -Ihpws
innumerahle instanc-es (d e(|ual lilieralinindedne - nn llie |miI m| iI- liii-ici's.
One id Prefc>.««ii[ XlwaterV chief assm iates. later mi I 'i iite - -iii |- . {).
i^Miedicl. for some years novs direetnr i>f tin- nutrition lahoratorx id the
Carnegie institution, i-onmienting mi the atiiiuspliere id \\Csle\an. has said,
"Whatever measur«* of success has ai emnpanied ni\ effort*-. I feel certain
(hat a large share of this was due to the aelive -piiit o| -( icnlilie research
and enc«»uragem«*nt to voung men vshich i- prevalent al We>le\aii.



ATWATER GENEALOGY 61

Professor Atvvaler's earl\ work in agriculliiial (liciiii-li\ dcM-Idpcd
from the chemistry of the <;r(iuiii<i |il;inl In the (■h(ini>lr\ nl llic ><iil ami
fertilizers, to the feeding of doiiicslic animals, ami uiliinah-K to iIh' Ircdiiig
of man. which was his last and all-ahsorliinti intciol.

Wherever there has been researcli of as high an order as i'mfcssor
Atwater and his associates undertook, adequate conditions almost invariahly
surrounded the work. It is hardly possible to conceive work of such magnitufle
as developed through Professor Atwater's work at Weslevan being coikIik hd
with the facilities at his disposal, luil willi wlial lie had I'lufcssor Xtwatcr
laid ihe foundation upon \\lii(li has been built two su|)cr-slrn( tiiic- wlinh
will last for main decades, it not forever.

Single-handed, he worked out a s\stcm of in\estigatioii in aarii nlliiral
chemistry and subsequentK in the nutrition of man that, taken up li\ llic
government, formed the basis of the establishment of the broad series of



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