Francis Atwater.

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agricultural experiment stations that now exist. In 1!!7.'^. with a grant of
Sl.OOO from one Wesleyan's Alumni, and permission from the Trustees to use
the laboratory, the first agricultural experiment station in the I nited Slates
was established, and Professor Atwater was made the director.

As the movement spread rapidly there was soon needed a (cnlral ( Icaring
house for the scientific work of the stations. This work coming logic all\ nndcr
the head of ihe Department of Agriculture, i'rofessor Atwater was ( hoscn
by this department as the first Director of its experiment stations.

Soon after this, from the stud\ of animal feeding. I^rofessor Alualcr
was directing his energies to chemical and statistical researches on the food
and nutrition of man. He had earl\ realized the importance of a social and
economic study of the relations of food and diet to the labor, power, health
and moral tone of communities, and it was from this scientific studies of
dietaries, begun in a small way. that the investigation dexcloped into a large
investigation of the dietetic condition obtaining in \arious parts of the counlry.

Through the work of this college professor, working with increasing
equi[)ment. special appro})riations were secured from Congress to study the
nutrition of man, and the whole enterprise soon became an extensive
co-operative study of food and diet extending litcralK from coast to coast.

While Professor Atwater's work in these directions had attracted nuK h
attention from physiologists and economists, the venture that placed him in
the foremost rank of the abstract scientists as such was his effort to
demonstrate the fundamental laws in niitrilioii. and llms place u|)on a
scientific basis what had hitherto been tnpiricisni in diel<'ties. I'or thi-
purpose he succeeded in interesting the go\eniment and individuals, as well
as other institutions, in raising a large sum of inone\ lor thi' construction
of a respiration calorimeter, without the remotest expectation of securing
results of immediate practical value. The whole enterprise was based upon the
higher plane of abstract scientific research — a search for Irutfi.


The Work didie with the respiration caltiriini'ter uttratted earK alteiilioii
from man) stientific autliurities. A nuiiiher »if grants at xarious times were
made hv the Carnegie Institution at W ashington. All this money was devoted
to alistract seientifie research with the respiratiitn calorimeter devised aiul
constructed in the basement of Judd Hall, the chemical lahoratoi \ al Wesleyan
I niversitv. The work done here was so important that the Carnegie Institiilion
carried it on from here ti» a huilding specially designed for the purpose,
located in a larger city near medical sciiools and hospitals.

The pre>ent laliorator\ is the admiration of all fori'ign physiologists as
well as American. Iiut as the ilirector has said, this liuilding would not fxist
had it not been for the encouragement of ihe Board of Trustees of W eslcvan
I niversitv and the energv of Professor Atwater in founding this iiiiidainrulal
research with the respiration calorimeter.

At this ptiint it might be interesting to quote from a Wesleyan University
Bulletin. No. lo. dated Ma\. lo96. a paragraph aboiil a Respiration Calori-
meter's work, with its particularly modest and significant last sentence:

"Research upon nutrition has reached the point where the study of ihe
applicatitin ttf the laws of the conservation ol matter and of energ\ in ihe
living organism are essential. This is to sa\. we must be able to dcln ininc
the balance of income and outgo of the bo(l\. and lhi> balaiu c iiiu^l be
expressed in terms, both of matter and of energy, lor this purpose a
respiration calorimeter is being elaborated here. This is an apparatus in
which an animal or a man ina\ be placed for a number ol hours or days.
and the amounts and composition of the excreta, solid. Hiinid and gaseous;
the potential energy of the materials taken into ihc IhmK and i;i\cii (dl Ironi
it: the <|uantit\ of heat radiated fioni tlic bnd\ : and llic heat ((inix alml id ihc
mu.scular work done, are all to be measured.

"During the past two \ears the enterprise lias bad the suiiiiort of ilic
I ..'~^. Department of Agriculture wlii(b liad made llii- incpiiiN a pari (d its
fot)d in\estigati«>ns. As is often the case in surli incjiiiiics ;/ Inis hi'rn lliouiilit
wise to say vcrv little until definite results siniiih/ he nuuh jor \>ul>liiiiit(in.

Comment m pbiloso|>hi/.ing on llic work id the man wlm did '-n mm h
for human welfare i>- umiecessar\ . (,)uoting from anollni Weslevan I ni\c'r>it\
i{ull<*tin of December. VM~ . ben- i^ an aiiiuml cd In- lilr in nnc piragraph:

■'Wilbur Olin Atwater wa> born in Jolmsburg. Watirn <(Hint\. New
^ ork. on \Ia\ '■'>. Ill II. but inuf li of lii> cai l\ life w as ^piiil In \ rrmunt. \ Iter
three \ear.s at the I iii\cr>it\ of \frmont. be cnlcrcd \\r>l(\an I ni\tisil\
a;* a wnior and was graduated with the degree of Ikk lielor id ail- m l<'I(»S.
He .s<T\ed in su««essi\<' \ears as principal of xrboul- in ( olrluvici. Ncnnonl:
SiM»nrcT. Massachuwtts: and Westporl. Niu ^ ork. \flir a \ear as a student
in the .Sheliield .*><ienti(ic .*>chool. ^ air I ni\ir>it\. In i(i(i\id ilic degree
of doctor of pliilosopin in IJUt'). and llicn spent Iwo \iar- in foreign Iravel
and stud\. paN ing special attention lu ilirnH-tr\. In li'l..') be
was elected instructor in < hend>-lr\ in Weslevan I ni\ersitv. and in ilie


following year was promoted to be professor of cheinistr\. which title he
held until his death, though incapacitated for work since November. 1904.
From 1875 to 1877, Professor Atwater was the first director of the Connecticut
Agricultural Experiment Station, which was the first established in tiiis
country. In 1888 he became the first director of the Office of Exj)eriment
Stations in the United States Department of Agriculture and held the office
until 1891. With both of these institutions he kept in active touch until his
illness, and in the latter post of his two successors have been his friends and
associates. Doctor A. W. Harris. '80. and Doctor A. (". True, '7.'^. His
last important appointment was as chief of the nutrition investigations of
the United States Deparlinenl of Agriculture, and it was iindn the patronage
of this department and (»f the Carnegie Institution of Washington that his
latest researches were conducted. Of the numerous scientific and social
organizations and enterprises with which Professor Atwater was connected,
and of the various honors which were conferred upon him. the lack of
s|)ace forbids the enumeration. Neither is it possible to list the more than
150 publications which bear his name."

And in conclusion this note — a minute concerning Professor Atwater
adopted by the faculty of Wesleyan University shortly after his dcalli in 1907:

'in the death of Wilbur 01 in Atwater. Wesleyan University loses a
member of its faculty who in scientific research stood pre-eminent. TTis
name was more widely known in the scientific circles of this countr\ and
Europe than that of any other professor in the institution at the present or
in the past. Himself an investigator, he knew how to engage others in the
work of investigations. He had rare judgments and his reputation were largely
due lo his ability as an organizer and director of scientific work. In die
earlier part of his scientific career his work was devoted chiefly to agricultural
chemistry, and he was a potent influence in the creation of a more scientific

(Editor's Note: / had hoped lo hare my friend, C. II.'. Olin'.s son nrile
an article about his father's unusual career. For many years I maintained
offices in 56 Wall Street. V. Y. City, where Charles Wooduard also had his
office. But 'C. W: had passed away since I left New York. Only throatih
Wesleyan President. Ihitterfield. was I finally able to contact 'C. W.'s son.)
The above article is a reprint from:



Luther E. Atwater, Sr.

Filial rites for Luther K. Atwater. Sr.. I No. 29771 Noveinher 3. 1951
held at 1 1 oeluek at Front Street Meliuulist Church here, with hurial in Pine
Hill Cemetery.

Mr. Atwater. 7() \ears of age. was a resident of 903 West Davis Street.

Looked to as one of the pioneer automobile dealers in Nuiih ( aiolina.
he founded Burlington Auto Company here in 1912. Soinetinu' ago lie was
recognized not only as one of the first auttmioliilc dealers in Burlington luil
the sixth oldest Ford dealers in tlir two Carolinas and llic I l()!li ildcst
dealer in ihe I nited .States.

He was a nati\e of Orange County, son of John Fletcher and Mrs. jnlia
B\num Atwater. He was a resident of Hnrlin<:l<in ior more ilian 53 scars
of hi. life.

When the automohile industry started niu\ ing nation-wide. Iioucver. Mr.
.\twater Itegari studxing the field and. in Uirn. lounded his own organizalitm.
the Burlington Aiilo Com|)an\. that has reinaimd in tin- famih since iliat time.

Mr. Atwater was a mendier ol llif I lunt Sticct ('Inin h and was one of
the first teachers (»f its Baraca Class. I>i. W . 1.. (Icmi:. pastor of llif (Ininli.

Sur\i\ors include his wife. Mrs. Manie Garrison Atwater. of tlic lionie;
two .laughters. Mrs. C. H. Keels of McColl. S. C, and Mrs. Joe IVll. Jr.. of
I'ilot .Mountain: four son>. J. Wilson and Hohert N. Atwater. hotli of Burling-
ton: Luther L.. Jr.. id Columhia. S. C. and Dr. Frank C Alualcr of (ireens-
horo: one sister. .Mrs. W. A. Maynard. Sr.. of Burlington: 11 grandcliildicn
and one great grandchild.

Hohert -N. Atwater founds new aiillitu i/.cd drain loi inn linjilon.
N, C. AtwatfT Moiur Companv.

lilt- iu-\\ automohile <lealership has Mr. and Mr>. I.iilhii I,. \l\\alci. Jr..
of Cohnnhia. S. (].. as president and \ icc-pn-idi nl. and Mi-. IImIicI \.
-Atwater as vice-president. KoIm-iI \. \l\\aliT. iIk' nniv nllhci wlm will he
acti\e in the operation nj tin- iompari\. will serve as .»(•» rtlar\ -Ina-iiin and
general manager.

Son (d Lulher F... .*^r.. tin- i it\ ^ (ir-l I nrd dealer, and Mi-. \lwal( i. he
was with Biirlin;jt<»n \uto ( !oinpan\ lium I ''.Ki mil il lie n-iLinrd hiMcnilier IJ!.

A graduate i>{ Burlington High ."school and ni Davidson (College wiili
the class o( |9.'U». he sjtcnt four \ears with the \rni\ durini: World War II.
M-rxing holh in the I'.uropcan and I'aeihe Iheatres ol opeialiun-. lie was
rejeiM'd as a raplain.

He I", a steward in llie Imnt Street Mellmdi-l ( IhikIi. i- a iiirmli!i and
f<irmrr president of the Maniance (ioiinlv New Car Dealers \ - iii iai imi. and
a mend'cr of the IJutars and Aineriea jlii^iness Cluhs: ( liaiinian \. A. Dealers


Association. Chanil)er of Commerce comniitteenian. member of Beta Thela I'i.

He also serves as a director of the Merchants Association and as chair-
man of the Advancement Board dl \lamance Distrii t of (^li(ii)kee Council,
Boy Scouts of America.

Other organizations to which hi- hfjotigs itu hide the I'icdmoiit \\ialiuii
Club. Alamance Country Cluh. antl liie Burlinglon l!nalni<i Cluli.

He is married to the former Miss Julia Brent B\ rum of Greenshoro.
Thev ha\c two children and reside at 459 Park\ ieu Drive.

Experiences In Africa

In August. 1949 mv famil\ and I departed tiuni Savannah. Georgia for
Ca])e Town, South Africa. We were sent by the Churcli (d Christ to Soiilh
Africa to assist in establishing churches in that countr\. parlicularlv among
white people in the larger cities. During die fi\e years of our residence there
congregations were established in Joliannesburg. Durban. Pretoria. Kasl
London, and Port Elizabeth, plus numerous churches among colored and
native people.

Church buildings were erected in Johannesburg. Pretoria and East Lon-
don during my stay. I supervised construction (for the niosl part I of the
Johannesburg building, which was the first building ever erected u|inn the
African Continent b\ the Churches of Christ for a white church. A religious
journal. "The Christian Advocate." was founded, and I was elected io serve
as its editor from the beginning until my departure from Africa last year.
We also managed a weeklv radio broadcast, developed Bible correspondence
courses ( printed both in English and native languages I , and distributed
thousands of tracts.

While in Southern Africa. I made my permanent residence in Johannes-
burg — a cit\ of nearh a million populalioii. There m\ \oungest (lan<:litcr
(Martha Aimel was born on No\ ember 'A. I95L While residing in Johannes-
burg. I traveled over nmch of South Africa to hel|i promote work among
natives. Countries visited and in which work was done were Bechuanaland.
Southern Rhodesia and Northern Rhodesia. In the Rhodesias I visited immer-
ous missions operated bv Churches of Christ, and assisted in dieir work.

While overseas I preached in the following countries: Norihern Rhodesia.
Southern Rhodesia. South Africa. llal\. (ierinan\ and |- ranee.

ill all. we visited nineteen countries while overseas, including countries
of Africa, Asia and Europe. Among the more outstanding countries visited
were: Arabia, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Egypt. Italy. Switzerland. Germany.
Belgium. Holland, Luxemburg. France and England. We arrived back in die
United States in June of last year, after five years abroad.

My family consists of myself, mv wif- (Naomi Holt Mill-rl. and iwo
daughters. Mary Lee (age IIM2) and Martha Anne (age 3^^).

— Waymon D. Miller


M> grandfather. John X^'esley Atwater. was a local preaiher in the
Metlioiiist Cihunh. He had a large farm «;o served several poor ehurehes
around him for t\\ent\-fi\e Nears hut charged them no salar\ for his services.
He told ine just hefore he died that he had ru'\ci failed tn have a sermon
readv when called upon. He and his wife went one Sunday morning to \ isit
a married daughter in an adjoining county. On the wav he was impressed
with the neeil to prepare a sernum. He asked his wife to drive the horse while
he got t»ut his Bihle and prepared his text, not knowing when nor uIhic he
Would preach from it. \\ hen he reached his daughter's home the) were read)
to go to church. He said he had alwa\s wanted to hear the pastor of their
church, so while grandmother and Aunt Delia stayed at home to prepare
dinner, he went to church with I ncle W ill.

He was a tall, slender man and he sat down in the hack ot the cluirih
hoping the |)reacher would not see him. But the [)reacher saw him an\\\a\
and so«»n after the service hegan. asked him to come u|) into ihi' imlpit aii<l
preach. Gramlfather knew then that was wli\ (mkI had tuld liiiii tn |i!(|iart'
his sermon.

Of his nine children. onl\ the \oungi'st son. John Patterson Atuater
(No. 29921, Thomaston. Ga.. is lixing. He is an old hachelor HO years old.
1 am the «»ldest living grandchild ol jdim \Vesle\ \l\\att r. I am 71 years
of age.

I remendier mv great-grandlatlicr. lulniund Hrowiler Alualcr. (|uitf
well. Georgia was just heing settled when he moved there from North Carolina
and settled in I pson Co.. Ga. lie huilt a log cahii: \\\l\\ unc kmum. for furni-
ture he hon-d an auger hole in a log at one end another on the side ol the
house and in.serted the end of a pole in each. He cut a post lea\ ing two
crot«hes where limhs were cut oil and drove it into the dirt floor of the cahin
and laid the other ends (d his poles in the i rotches to make the trainc of
his hed. The slats were |)oles iMi-el\ skimx'd <<{ hark with one cikI ^liick
hetween logs in the wall and the other laid on the pole making the side railing
of the hed. (Jn these he laid his straw-filled mattress. His tahle and chairs
were blocks sawed from trees with li'^> iittrd iiild am^cr Imlr-. ()| ( mirse.
lhe\ cooked on tin* fireplace.

He ac(|uired a good hit oi land and alter nian\ \ears. was a man ol
wealth. There were no hanks excejtt in large towns so he loaned his moni'v
and was called a hanker.

Ih- was a grand old man. loxcd h\ e\er\Iiod\. and was a good dirislian.
Oni- da\ at his church the mendters had heen telling ol Gods goodness and
all were feeling good and happ\. ,\s the\ got u\) from their knees alter a
prayer onr of the hkmi started singing "not a fool <il land dn I [losses. no
• ollagc in the w ihltTnej-s." Grandfather hegan fishing in lii^ pockets and
hurried a< ro>«. the church and thrust a paper into the man > hand. '"Ilcre.
hrolher. here lake this. ^ ou ha\e got some land.

It si-eius that the man had mortgaged lii^ Imme to grandial lui Im ^-ome
inoiicN and was failing to make pa\ment. (>ran(lfather leh mi lia|>{>\ hm-v
(.•■d- gootlness to him that he ga\e the man his mortgage.

With hot wishes.

Ml!-. \lil»ll M\\ ln\M\|.()M;

"."^ime \'\r hen here. I \e hlrej] a chap to look ahoiit f<.r me
I" L'il me a tran><|)lantahle an' ihrifix h-m'h tree.

— J. I!. I..,u.-


Oldest Masillon Building To Fall This Spring

Slruciurt' Managed By
Three Atwater Generations
Condemned As Fire Hazard

Massillon. Oliio. Feb. 11.- -I Ills cilxs oldest business slrudiirr. wIikIi
has been condemned as a fire hazard, will be razed by house urtekLrs as
soon as weather permits outside work.

The structure, which stands on Fxchanpe St. S.W.. iii>l nil l.iiHuln
Way W. houses the 1). Atwater & Sons Iced Su|i|il\ Co.. a liini llial lia-
been in existance foi' 100 years, with three generations lakini: liaml in its

The building was constructed about 1827 or \l)2[\. al llic linn- tlir Ohio
canal was projected through this city. Hiram and Marshal Wellman. pioneer
settlers of Massillon. were the builders and they used the best timber available,
hewn b\ hand, in erecting \\\v place which later was \hc largot warehouse
on the canal.

Fijie riml)cr L seil

Although numerous other storage |)laces sprung up at the same time

the Atwater building is the oidv one that remains in this cit\. Tlie w I

used in its construction today is in the best state ol preservation.

Letters and advertisements unearthed during ihc preliminar\ <lestiN( lion
work by W. K. Atwater of 4th St. NE, last inend>er of the famiU long
connected with the firm, reveal that the warehouse was used extensi\il\ by
farmers in this district as a storage ])lace for grain. The oldest letter, written
in January of 1834, is a request for space in wITh li to store wheat. According
to Atwater great quantities of grain, salt, farmers" supplies and conmiodilies
were stored in the building until such a time as llie\ eonid be shipped o\er
the canal to distant markets. Supplies also were shipped into the waichonse
from other points in this part of the country and then distrilniled to businesses
and farmers east and west of the city.

Twin Brothers Tn Charge

,|. 1). and L). R. Atwater. twin brolhers. were the first ancestors of Will
Atwater. to be connected with tlie \sarehouse. They canu' to Massillon trmn
New Haven, Connecticut, and took ( liargc of the building in l."..'.l. nxire
than loo years ago. Following the death (d the brother-. Will \twaler"s
father took over the jjlacc and ga\e it the title ot |). \luater \ Son-, 1 pon
his death in lOOJl. Will Atwater and hi- brother. C. M. \lualer. ((Miiinned
to conduct the business. In C. M. \lwalei died. liM\in- hi- hrojh.r to
carry on. And with the d(>slruction of the Imililini: hi- ic-ini<' a- ihi' last
member of the oldest business fainiK in Massillon will (ome to a (lose.

(From an article in "The Canton He|)osii,,i\ Z" Sundax. Feb. 12. 1933.1



Lenham, Kent, 1953

B\ Ku.HAUi) Atuatkk Wolcott (2059i

\\ liile stationed in Knghiiul w ith the I .S. Air Force in 1953. I had ihf
ujjpnrtuiiit\ of \isitiiig Lenham and seeing for myself the \i(iiiii\ dc- lilicd
ill \ n|. 5 of the Atwater Geneahigv.

With (hie credit ^'ixcii l<> tlic Mr Force for pro\idiiii; iii\ trip to Fiijihmd.
tile ins|jiralioii for iii\ \ i>il lo Fciiiiani (amr trom mv \iint. Mrs. F<lgar F.
.Atwater. tli It was she who familiarized inc with the Aluater GenealogN.
displaying her keen interesl and hnckground on the suhject.

I pon recei\ing passes on the first of Ma\. Corporal Duane Curr\. an
Air Force friend, and I set out lor Lenham. Aftt-r lea\ ing oiir jiasc at Lalieii-
heath near Newmarket, a prominent racing center, we went first to l.dndun.
and changed trains for the several hmn ride to Lcniiain. It was a pleasant
da\ and we enjoyed the sight* of tin- ;irci-n rolling < iPiintr\ il* nian\ lainis.
orchards and communities.



It was mid-afternoon when we reached Lenliani. and ur realized that
we would }ia\e to make a rather hurried \ isil.

We walked the short distatice fmiii llic train slalion l<i lln- xillajre s(|uare
over a narrow, winding road with imU an occasional hicxcic in transit. I he
village center was almost deserted, although there were several hicycles and
autoniohiles parked at the various shops. Since the ( hurc li \\a.- in \\r\\. ue
walked into the churchyard and looked at the weathered gravestones, many
of \\lii( h were completely devoid (d inscriptions.

Wishing to enter the church, we sought permission in ihe Vicarage,
where we were greeted h\ the Rector's wife and daughter. I he Hector was
hus\. hut he spared a few minutes to welcome us. After we e.xplaiiicd our
purpose, his daughter. Miss lone Strickland, volunteered to show us around.
We went through the church, admiring its old historical iurnishings. We
learned that the church had heen rehuilt once in 1299 and again after the
Norman's pillage: yet, the church retains its ancient appearance. We viewed
the hronze plaque imbeded in ihe llooi uhi(li mentions Robert Atwater
whose daughter inherited Ro\ton Manor.



I jjiiii lfa\iiig the cliurtli. ut- liirt-il a ia\i ami dni\c o\er ilu' rolling
fields to Ro\ti>n Manor, now known as Chapel Farm hecause a eiiapel is
situated on the premises.

The owner in\ited ii> lo lnok around ilie plac !■. luit lailcd m nllci his
entire house for our observations. The house is situated on a hill and al ihc
foot of the hill is a little stream which is the sourec id ihc l!i\(i Stdiii. The
farm was aeti\el\ eulti\ated willi se\eral large fields (d wheat. 1 he house is
large, twd storied stone. solidl\ huilt and in good coiidilioii. W hile inside
we marvelled at its sturd\ c<tnstruclion with its large wooden hiani^ iorming
the superstructure. One of the rooms thai the owner showed ii>. im-Liniahlv
the game room, was decorated with elahorate wood( ar\ ings. We learned
that at one time there was more carveil wijoduoik. hut j)r(\ious owners
had removed some.

Since we (ii<lirt want to impose on the owners ho>-pitalit\ . we were
satisfied to look around the outside and |o lake |iii lures.

After thanking him for the visit, we iflurncd |o ihc Ihilot >- hou-c and
|jr<iUght «»ur visit to a close >ince it wa> ahnii>t lime loi ihc liain. 1 hanking
Miss ."Strickland for her time and effort, we >aid goodhve and hade laicwcll
to Lenham and a vcrv pleasant afternoon.

<li Helen M. Kdick. wife of Kdgar l"o(.lr \lwat.r.

(Km I »»!("> ."Ski I,: I m (innl/icr lisit to l.inlniin. kciil. scr I al. I. /». _' >. I he
most intfrcstinfi iirm of Mdri^arrl .ilutilrr .Imifs' story rclrrs lo the old
rerortis uhitli lir ( tlir lirar) Lcjil ill llw iiiiiiii'j.f mn/ shoitrd nir llic tiiMiif)-
tinns (if hirllis. Implistus. iiuu ridiics. iiiul drullis I of ] n u ulci s l . (hi ihc lirsl
page of one hook \i(i\ llir mnnl of llir haiitisin of Rohiil \lln(ilcr in I ~)HH.)



There is little to sa) alunil tlir aullmr n| ihi^ sdluinc. \ii iin(li>liii^iii>licil
fellow involved in mundane pursuits oi \arious kiinU l<ir inati\ \('ars in
Wall Street, New York — all higliK lionorahle and niaii\ (d which otahli-iicd
records — he still did not feel as though he liad a( (omplished anything worth-
while during his sojourn here.

On tlie other hand. Jessie, his wife, in her lic\-da\ was a lirilliant
personality. It was thru her initiative that he financed and |)iiMi^lit'd IcmiiKt
— a magazine for thinking {)e()|)l(\ From her remaining nri|iulilish('d pocnis.
he requested several of her seholarU friends including Dr. Mildred W (ilTcndcn.
Mary and Margaret Buckley and Gladys Blakey to select a few suitahle for

Online LibraryFrancis AtwaterAtwater history and genealogy .. (Volume 6) → online text (page 8 of 40)