Francis B Wallace.

Memorial of the patriotism of Schuylkill County in the American slaveholder's rebellion : embracing a complete list of the names of all the volunteers from the county during the war, patriotic contributions by the citizens ... online

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Online LibraryFrancis B WallaceMemorial of the patriotism of Schuylkill County in the American slaveholder's rebellion : embracing a complete list of the names of all the volunteers from the county during the war, patriotic contributions by the citizens ... → online text (page 1 of 51)
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MEMORIAL



OP



THE PATRIOTISM



OF



SCHUYLKILL COUNTY,



IN THE



AMERICAN SLAVEHOLDER'S REBELLION,



Embracing a Complete List of the Names of all the Volunteebs from tue

County during the War ; Patriotic Contriijutions ii\ the Citizens : List

OF the Names of Those who fell in Battle or died by Disease ;

DEg(JBIPTI0NS OF the part TAKEN IN VARIOUS ENGAGEMENTS BY OUR REG-
IMENTS, WITH Casualties ; Chronological Record of the Prin-
cipal Events of the Rebellion ; Biographical Sketches
of Prominent Officers and of Surgeons from the
CoxnsTY, &o., accompanied by a Plate of Portraits
OF Generals and Colonels from this County,
AND A Map of the Southern States with
the Battle Fields Marked.



c



COMPILED BY FRANCIS B. WALLACE, ,

Associate- Editor of the '^ Miners' tTournal."



\



Published by

BENJAMIN BANNAN,

POTTSVILLE, PA.

1865.



THE HEW YOp

PUBLIC LIBRARY






ANO



TO TMB

aiiJjotos, (Bti^\us, M\k$, lIot|ers, Sattgl]ters anb Sisters

OF THE MEN OF SCHUYLKILL COUNTY, WHOSE NAMES ARE IDENTIFIED

WITH THE PRESERVATION OF THE LIFE OF THE REPUBLIC,

THIS BOOK 13 RESPECTFULLY

DEDICATED.



CONTENTS.



Preface, - - - - - - 5

Introduction, _ - - - -7

TuE Three Months' Campaign. — Departure of Volunteers. —
Muster Holls of Washington Artillerists, National Light
Infantry, Ringgold llifies, Scott Artillery, Minersville Ar-
tillerists, Port Clinton Artillery, Marion Rifles, Lafayette
Rifles, Washington Light Infantry, Ashland Rifles, Colum-
bian Infantry, Llewellyn Rifles, Wetherill Rifles, Tower
Guards, Wynkoop Artillery, Scott Rifles, Jackson Guards,
German Light Infantry, Nagle Guards, "Washington Yea-

gers, Keystone Rifles, Union Guards and Schuylkill Guards, 13

Recapitulation of total number of Three Months' Troops, - 43

Sword Presentation to Major Campbell, - - - 45
Resolution of Thanks from Congress to first troops who entered

Washington, - - - 49

Presentation of Colors to 25th Penn. Regiment, - - - 49

Patriotic Contributions, Meetings, Incidents, &c., - - 52

Patriotic Fund, - - - - - - -60

Return of the Three Months' Troops, - - - - 76

Deaths during Three ^lonths' Sei'vice, - - - - 80

Three Years or the War. - - - 83

Muster Rolls of the Forty-Eighth Pennsylvania Regiment, - 89

Muster Rolls of the Ninety-Sixth Pennsylvania Regiment, - 112

Muster Rolls of Cos. E, B and C, Fifty-Fifth Penna. Regiment, - 128
Muster Rolls of Cos. A, C, D, E, F, I, K and L, Seventh Penn.

Cavalry, - 130

Muster Roll of Co. L, Third Penn. Cavalry, - - - 134

Muster Rolls of Cos. K, A and H, Sixty-Seventh Pa. Regiment, - 136

Muster Roll of Co. H, Seventeenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, - 137

Other Pennsylvania Regiments, - _ - _ - 139

In Regiments of other States, - - . - IGO

In the Regular xVrmy, • - - - - - 164

In the Navv, _ - - - 167

Grand Recapitulation, - -... iG8

The Calls in 1802, for Troops. . - _ . 174

War Meeting in Pottsville, - - - * - - 175
The Nine Months' Volunteers. — Muster Rolls .of the One

Hundred and Twenty-Ninth Pa. Regiment, - - 178
Muster Rolls of Cos. C and K, One Hundred and Twenty-Seventh

Pa. Regiment, - - - 185

Muster Roll of Co. K, One Hundred and Thirty-Seventh Penn.

Regiment, - - - - 186

Muster Roll of Co. I, One Hundred and Fifty-First Pa. Regt., - 186

Muster Roll of Capt. Jones' Provost Guard, - - - 187
Other Nine Months' Regiments, - - - 188

Deaths in Nine Months' Service, - « - . 19Q



ii Contents,

First Trheatened Invasion of Pennsylvania, _ - .

Accounts of conduct of Forty-Eighili Regiment in Battles near

Bull Run, . - ._..

Casualties of the Forty-Eightli Regiment in actions of August

29 and 30, and Sept. 1, 1862, - - -

Casualties of Fiftieth Regiment in same battles, - - -

Officic"! Report of Col. Henry L. Cake of part taken by Ninety-
Sixth Regiment in engagements of Sept. 1-1 and 17, at
South Mountain and Anfietam, - - _ _

Casualties of Ninety-Sixth Regiment, - _ - ^

Account of part borne by Forty-Eighth Regiment in Battles of

South ^Mountain and Antietam, _ . . _

Casualties o.f Forty-Eighth Regiment, - - - -

Casualties of Fiftieth Regiment. - - . - .

The Pennsylvania Militia, . . . _

Muster Roll of Company F, Second Regiment, Penna. Militia,
Muster Roll of Capt. Eshelman's Company, Fourth Regiment,

Penna. Militia, - - - 207

Muster Rolls of Cos. B, G and H, Sixth Militia Regiment, - 208

Muster Rolls of Cos. A and E, Seventeenth Penna. Militia, - 212

Muster Roll of Capt. Tice"s Militia Company, ... 214

The Draft of 18(>2, -.-... 210

Muster Rolls of Cos. A, D, F and H, One Hundred and Seventy-
Third Penna. Regiment, Drafted Militia, - - - 217
The First Battle of Fredericksburg, - - - - 221

ihe part the One Hundred and Twenty-Ninth Regiment took in

the Battle, - - - - - - - 222

Official Report of Col. Frick, containing List of Casualties sus-
tained by the Regiment, - _ - - . 220
The part taken by the Forty-Eiglith Regiment in the Battle, - 220
The Seventh Penn. Cavalry in the Battle of Murfreesboro, - 232
What was Done in 1803. - - .- 239

Cavalry Fight at Kelley's Ford, Ya., - - - - 239

Second Battle of Fredericksburg, - - - 240

Account of the part borne by the Ninety-Sixth Regiment in the

Battle, and List of Casualties, - . - - 240

Narrative of the part taken by the One Hundred and Twenty-
Ninth Regiment in the Battle, and List of Casualties, - 244
Col. Prick's Official Report, - - - 246

The Ninety-Sixth in the Battle, - - - - - 247

Return of the One Hundred and Twenty-Ninth Regiment, - 251

The Second Invasion of Pennsylvania, - - - . 25o

Muster Rolls of Cos. A, B, C, E, G and I, Twenty-Seventh Re-
giment, I'enna. Volunteer Militia, ... - 25<)
CoL Prick's Official Report of the Skirmish at Wrightsville, Pa., 2G4
Muster Rolls of Cos. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H and K, Thirty-Ninth

Reg., Penna. Vol. Militia, - - - - - 208

Muster Rolls of Cos. C, F, H and I, Fifty-Third Penn. Volun-
teer Militia, - . . - - - - 279

Deaths in the Militia Service, - - - 283

The Draft of 1803, - - - - - - 284

Drafted Men who entered the service, . - - - 284

Drafted Men wlio furnished Substitutes, - - - - 285

Drafted Men who paid Commutation, - - - - 290

The Call in October, 1803, for three hundred thousand Volunteers, 294
Tho Third Year of the >Var, - - - - - 2t).>



Contents. iii



Arrival Home of Re-enlisted Veterans, ... 205
Muster l^olls of Forty-Eighth ilegiment, re-enlisted Veterans

and Recruits, - - - - 302

Muster Rolls of Cos. A, C, D, F, G, I and L, Seventh Cavahy,

re-enlisted Veterans and Recruits, - - - 311

Muster Roll ©f re-eulisted men and recruits of Ninety-Sixth Reg., 81u

Miuster Roll of re-enlisted men and recruits of the Fiftieth Reg., 316

In other Pennsylvania Regiments, - - - - 318

In Regular Army, .__ - . 32:^

Grand Recapitulation, - - ». 324

The Siege of Knoxville, Tenn. — Part taken in it by the Forty-
Eighth, and List of Casualties, _ - _ _ 325
Casualties of the Fiftieth, - - - 321)

Muster Roll of Co. E, Two Hundred and Tenth Penua. Reg., - 330

The Campaign of 1864. - - - 33I

Part borne by the Forty-Eighth in the series of Battles from

the Wilderness, Va., to Petersburg, with List of Casualties, - 333
Part borne by the Ninety-Sixth Regiment in same Campaign,

with List of Casualties, . - _ _ . 345;

Part borne by the Fiftieth, with List of Casualties, - - 351

Part borne by the Fifty-Fifth, with List of Casualties, - - 355
Casualties of Fifty-Sixth, Sixty-Seventh, Eighty-Eighth, Ninety-
Third and One Hundred and Sixteenth Infantry Regiments,

and Seventh and Twenty First Cavalry, in sauie Campaign, - 359
Casualties of Co. F, One Hundred and Ninth Penn. Regiment,
and Seventh Pa. Cavalry, in Sherman's campaign from

Chattanooga to Atlanta, Ga., - - - 3131

A Daring Attack. — Account of .the part taken by the Seventh

Cavalry, - - - - - - - 363

Muster Roll of Company F, One Hundred and Sixteenth Reg., 365
The One Hundred Days' Men. — Muster Rolls of Cos. C and II,
One Hundred and Ninetj'-Fourth Peun. Reg., and Lam-
bert's Independent Cavalry, - - - 367

Return home of Ninety-Sixt^i Regiment, - _ _ 37O
Call for Five Hundred Thousand Men. — Names of recruits to

Forty-Eighth and other Pennsylvania Pt€giments, - - 371
Call for Three Hundred Thousand Men. — Names of recruits

under the call, - - - - 379

The Total Number of Men furnished by Schuylkill County

during the War, -_ - .. 395

The Closing Campaign, - . _ - . 396

Casualties of the Forty-Eighth, - - - - - 398

Our Dead, - -.-_. 494

Battle Narratives, __«... 423

The Chronology of the REBELT^iot^, - - - - 437

President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, - - - 479

President Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, - - 480

Contributions, Incidents, &c., - - - - - 483

Biographical Sketches of Officers, - . _ 501

Our Surgeons, -. - .-. 532

Conclusion, - - - -*- ^ ^ . 54g



ERRATA.



Page 77.— "Geo. Leib" shouir be Edward H. Leib.

Page 121. — "Company E," Ah. Reg.,) should be Company F.

Page 128.— "George S. Hill," should be George H. Hill.

Page 303. — Company A, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued, should
be at head of page.

Page 304, — Company B, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued, should
be at head of page.

Page 316.— rCompany A should have been, inserted after "Fiftieth
Pennsylvania Regiment."



PREFACE.



In the pages of this Memorial we have endeavored to give a
faithful record of the services of Schuylkill County in assisting the
G-overnment to crush the wicked and most causeless Kebellion of
186L It is eminently proper that such a record should be pub-
lished, for this County wears the dis'inguished honor of having
been one of four to throw into the N .onal Capital the first troops
for its defence against the conspir.i^^ors, which promptness it is
stated on the highest official autho. 'y, saved Washington from
invasion ; the archives from seizure, .nd possibly, the persons of
the President and of the members of his Cabinet from violence.
Thus early was she in the field. Sh^ ''is contributed several regi-
ments, and the blood of her sons has been shed in all of the most
important engagements of the war, wl ■ there has hardly been a
fight at any point along our vast military line, in which she has
not been honorably represented.

The names of the gallant men who have shed a lustre upon the
County, merit honorable perpetuation in a durable form like this,
and we have undertaken the pleasing duty, convinced that
posterity, while enjoying Liberty secured to them by the bravery,
and self-sacrificing action of these men, will revere them as we love
and respect the memory of the soldiers of the first War for Ameri-
can Independence.

With this explanation of the motive for the publication of this
Memorial, we submit it as a record of the work of Schuylkill County
in the good cause, and as worthy not only of the attention of the
relatives and friends of the men whose names are enrolled therein,
and the citizens generally, of the County, who feel proud of the
part she has borne in the contest, but of all who appreciate courage,
loyalty and patriotism.



PottsviUe, Schuylkill County, Pa. ^



INTRODUCTION.



In preparing as we purpose^ for preservation by the Volunteei-s
from Schuylkill County^ in the Union Army, and by their fathers
mothers^ wives, daughters, sisters and brothers, this simple, yet in
its long list of patriotic names, eloquent record of what the great
Mining County of Pennsylvania has done, to assist the Federal
Government to crush rebellion, it is no part of our purpose to
touch upon apparently irrelevant topics. However tempting it
might be to recur to the days of William Penn and Roger
Williams, to contrast the widely opposite sentiments of the early
settlers of the Atlantic coast, and from it to deduce facts which
were stepping-stones to the present rebellion of the American
slaveholders, we refrain, and for the double purpose of brevity and
of getting speedily at the main object of this work, we will confine
ourselves to a preparatory glance at the more modern events
preceding the rebellion.

In 1824 the first Protective Tarifi", in any sense of the term,
was passed by Congress, under the guidance of the lamented
Statesman, Henry Clay, whose able and eloquent advocacy of
the measure, earned for him the title, " Father of the American
System.'^ The operations of this Tariff were so beneficial to the
material interests of the country, that prosperity soon spread
throughout the land. In 1828 John Quincy Adams was elected
President, and a strenuous effort was made to repeal the Tariff of
1824. The advocates of a repeal finding that the effort was likely
to prove abortive, united with some ultra Protectionists, and suc-
ceeded in effecting a considerable increase on the rate of duties of
the Tariff of 1824. Their sole object seemed to be to make that
measure extremely obnoxious to the South, and in this they suc-
ceeded. In 1832, Gen. Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee, was
elected President, and John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina,
Vice-President, both Southern men and slaveholders. After their
inauguration, the extreme Southern men, led by Calhoun, en-
deavored to secure Jackson's sympathies for the formation of a



J » >
i > >



viii. Introduction.

Southern Confederacy. At a celebration given in Washington, on
an anniversary of Jefferson's birth-day, President Jackson and
Vice-President Calhoun were present, and in pursuance of the plan
agreed upon to commit the President in favor of Nullification
measures, a toast to that effect was drawn up and placed for his
use, under his plate. The incorruptible patriot on the instant
perceived the tenor of it, and with the nerve of a Roman patrician,
gave the toast rendered famous by the event,

" The Union must and shall be preserved."

Foiled in their attempt at that time to disrupt the Union, in
consequence of the firmness and patriotism of the President, a
quarrel took place between him and the conspirators; and Calhoun,
who for many years had supported the policy of Protection, on the
ground that the slaves consuuied but lightly of foreign manufac-
tures, while the North would pay the mass of duties, turned and
denounced the bill of 1828, as tending to rob the South. Calhoun
then inaugurated the Nullification scheme, which as all are aware,
was promptly crushed under the heel of the veteran Jackson,
while the author only escaped hanging, by keeping out of the way
of the authorities. x\t that period Henry Clay, the great but
we fear, for the welfare of the country, too often erring Compro-
miser, introduced his celebrated compromise Tariff bill, which was
adopted. Its provisions gradually reduced the then existing
duties down to twenty per cent., the sliding scale occupying a
period of about five years, until the mininum was reached. The
effect of the operations of this Tariff was, to prostrate the industrial
resources of the entire country, and resulted in 1840 in the elec-
tion to the Presidency, by an overwhelming majority, of Gen.
Harrison, his opponent being Martin Van Buren. Next
followed the passage of the Tariff of 1812, under the operations of
which the country attained a degree of material prosperity, un-
precedented in its previous history.

It is a recognized fact that although Calhoun advocated the
Protective Policy in the early history of the country, he never did
80 with any other motive than to consolidate the South on an unity
of interest in opposition to the progressive growth and prosperity



• • •

• • •

• • •



Introduction. ix.

of the North, especially the New England States. He thought that
Protection would injure the commerce of New England, which
indeed, it did for a time, and it was on that ground, opposed by the
people of those States. But not continuing to answer the expected
result ; finding it impossible to unite the Slave States on the Tariff
question, and his Nullification scheme failing, Calhoun then bent
his energies to the work of consolidating the South on the Slavery
question. That in future, was to be the alpha and omega of the
demands of the slave oligarchy, in order to enable them to rule
the country. At any time threatened with the loss of power,
rebellion was to be inaugurated.

One of the favorite ideas for enlarging the area of slave territory,
and increasing the strength of the South in the United States
Senate, was the annexation of Texas, out of which it was contem-
plated to carve five new slave States. Texas came in, in the mean-
time, as a single State, which it still remains. By its admission,
however, two additional votes were secured in the Senate, besides
the repeal by the casting vote of George M. Dallas, the Vice-
President, of the Tariff act of 1842. The free trade bill of 1846,
which was substituted, is known as '' Walker's Bill."

Notwithstanding that in 1846, there were fifteen slave States
against fourteen free States : the extent of territory occupied by
the former being 851,440 square miles, but of the latter only
402,693 square miles, or less than one-half! the war with Mexico
was inaugurated, to extend still further on this continent, the area of
slave territory. This scheme miscarried, however, in consequence
of the people of California, the State to be dedicated to Slavery,
deciding in favor of Freedom. Close upon the footsteps of this
defeat, followed the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, the first
act in the thrilling and bloody drama enacted by the friends of
Freedom, and the cohorts of slavery, on the soil of Kansas. —
Freedom, however, triumphed, after one of the most remarkable
struggles recorded in history, and Kansas now nestles young, but
free, vigorous, unshackled, among her sisters.

From that sanguinary contest sprang, like a giant, full armed,

the Republican party, upon its bright shield emblazoned the great,

undying principle of opposition to the extension of slavery into

the territories of the United Stages. -The priociphis of the party

' y>^ ' ' ' ' '



X. Introduction.

were embodied in the Chicago Platform, and Abraham Lincoln,
now President of the United States, was selected as the standard-
bearer of those principles. He triumphed at the November elec-
tion of 1860, mainly in consequence of the split in the Democratic
party, growing out of the same subject as embodied in the respect-
ive platforms of the two wings according to their peculiar views.

As a matter of history we here insert the planks in the Chicago
Platform, bearing upon the Slavery question :

4. That tlie maintenance inviolate of the rights of the States, and
especially the right of each State to oi'der and control its own domestic
institutions according to its own judgment exclusively, is essential to
that balance of powers on which the perfection and endurance of our
political fabric depends; and we denounce the lawless invasion by armed
force of the soil of any State or Territory, no matter under what pretext,
as among the gravest of crimes. -^^ , * * * - * *

7. That the new dogma, that the Constitution, of its own force, carries
Slavery into any or all of the Territories of the United States, is a dan-
gerous political heresy, at variance with the explicit provisions of that
instrument itself, with contemporaneous exposition, and with legisla-
tive and judicial precedent ; is revolutionary in its tendency, and sub-
versive of the peace and harmony of the counti^y.

8. That the normal condition of all the territory of the United States
is that of freedom ; That as our Republican fathers, when they had
abolished Slavery in all our national territory, ordained that " no per-
son should be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process
of law," it becomes our duty, by legislation, whenever such legislation
is necessary, to maintain this provision of the Constitution against all
attempts to violate it ; and we deny the authority of Congress, of a terri-
torial legislature, or of any individuals, to give legal existence to Slavery
in any Territory of the United States.

9. That we brand the recent re-opening of the African slave-trade,
under the cover of our national flag, aided by perversions of judicial
power, as a crime against humanity and a burning shame to our country
and age ; and we call upon Congress to take prompt and eflficient mea-
sures for the total and final suppression of that execrable traihc.

The Presidential election took place on the 6th of November,
1860, and resulting in the election of Lincoln and Hamlif, the
candidates of the Republican party, for President and Vice-Presi-
dent, South Carolina, acting by a Convention chosen for the pur-
pose, assembled on the 17th of December, and on the 20th, passed
unanimously, what was styled '^an ordinance to dissolve the Union
between the State of South Carolina and other States united with
her, under the compact entitled the Constitution of the United
States of America."

January 9, 1861, the Mississippi. State Convention passed the
ordinance of sodessioh,^ fiftecp delcj^ai^es voting nay.



Introduction. xi.

January 12, Florida and Alabama adopted ordinances of seces-
sion ; Florida passed her ordinance by a vote of C2 to 7, and
Alabama by yeas^ 61 ; nays, 39.

January 19, the State Convention of G-eorgia adopted the seces-
sion ordinance by a vote of 208 against 89.

January 26, the Louisiana State Convention passed the ordi-
nance of secession by a vote of 113 to 17.

February 1, the Texas State Convention passed an ordinance of
secession, to be voted on by the people on the 23d of February,
and if adopted, to take effect March 2.

February 8, the Montgomery Congress elected Jefferson Davis
President, and Alexander H. Stephens Vice-President of the
Southern Confederacy.

March 4, Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated at Washington,
sixteenth President of the United States.

March 4, Texas declared out of the Union.

April 12, At 4.30 A. M., fire was opened by the secessionists
upon Fort Sumter, and continued until 12.55 P. M., of the 13th,
when the flag of Fort Sumter was drawn down, and the Fort was
surrendered soon after upon honorable terms. No men were re-
ported on either side killed or wounded.

April 15, The President of the United States called by procla-
mation, for 75,000 volunteers to suppress insurrectionary combina-
tions. In the same proclamation, an extra session of both Houses
of Congress was called for the 4th of July.

By the President of the United States.

A PROCLAMATION.

Whereas, The laws of the United States have been for some time past,
and are now opposed, and the execution thereof obstructed in the States
of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana,
and Texas, by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the
ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the
marshals by laws :

Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States,
in virtue of the power in me vested by the Constitution and the laws,
have thought fit to call forth, and hereby do call forth, the militia of the
several States of the Union, to the aggregate number of seventy-five
thousand, in order to suppress the said combinations, and to cause the
laws to be duly executed. The details for this object will be immediately
communicated to the State authorities .throjigb the ^Vyar Department.






xii. Introduction.

I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor, facilitate, and aid tliis effort to
maintain the honor, the integrity, and the existence of our National
Union, and the perpetuity of the popular Government, and to redress the
■wrongs already long enough endured.

I deem it proper to say that the first service assigned to the forces
hereby called forth will probably be to re-possess the forts, places, and
property, -which have been seized from the Union, and, in every event,
the utmost care will be observed consistently with the objects aforesaid,
to avoid anj devastation, any destruction of or inference with property,
or any disturbance of peaceful citizens in any part of the country.

And I do hereby command the persons composing the combinations
aforesaid to disperse and retire peaceably to their respective abodes,
within twenty days from this date.

Deeming that the present condition of public affairs presents an ex-
traordinary occasion, I do hereby, in virtue of the power in me vested
by the Constitution, convene both Houses of Congress. The Senators
and Representatives ar,e therefore, summoned to assemble at their respec-



Online LibraryFrancis B WallaceMemorial of the patriotism of Schuylkill County in the American slaveholder's rebellion : embracing a complete list of the names of all the volunteers from the county during the war, patriotic contributions by the citizens ... → online text (page 1 of 51)