Copyright
Francis Bacon.

The works of Francis Bacon, baron of Verulam, viscount St. Alban, and lord high chancellor of England (Volume 3) online

. (page 17 of 45)
Online LibraryFrancis BaconThe works of Francis Bacon, baron of Verulam, viscount St. Alban, and lord high chancellor of England (Volume 3) → online text (page 17 of 45)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Exam, per THO. EGERTON, C. S.
THO. BUCKHURST,
NOTTINGHAM,
Ro. CECIL.

The second confession of Sir FERDI NANDO
GORGE the 18th of February 1600, all writ-
ten of his own hand ; and acknowledged in the
presence of Sir THOMAS EGERTON, lord
Keeper of the great seal ; the lord BUCKHURST,
lord High Treasurer ; the earl of NOTTING-
HAM, lord High Admiral; and Sir ROBERT
CECIL, principal Secretary.

ON Tuesday before the insurrection, as I remem-
ber, I was sent unto by my lord of Essex, praying me
to meet my lord of Southampton, Sir Charles Davers,
Sir John Davis, and other his friends at Drury-house j
where I should see a schedule of his friends names,
and projects to be disputed upon. Whither I came
accordingly, and found the foresaid earJ, Sir Charles
Davers, Sir John Davis, and one Mr. Littleton. The
names were shewed and numbered to be sixscore ;
earls, barons, knights, and gentlemen. The projects
were these, whether to attempt the court, or the
Tower, or to stir his friends in London first, or
whether both the court and Tower at an instant ? I
disliked that counsel. My reasons were that I alledged
to them, first, to attempt both with those numbers,
was not to be thought on, because that was not suffi-
cient; and therefore advised them to think of some-
thing else. Then they would needs resolve to attempt
the court, and withal desired mine opinion. But I
prayed them first to set down the manner how it



Confessions and other Evidences. 191

might be done. Then Sir John Davis took ink and
paper, and assigned to divers principal men their se-
veral places; some to keep the gate, some to be in
the hall, some to be in the presence, some in the
lobby, some in the guard chamber, others to come in
with my lord himself, who should have had the pas-
sage given him to the privy-chamber, where he was
to have presented himself to her majesty.

FERD. GORGE. >

Knowledged in the presence of THO. EGERTON,C. S.

THO. BUCKHURST,
NOTTINGHAM,
Ro. CECIL.

The confession of Sir JOHN DAVIS, taken the
18th of February, 1600, before the earl of
NOTTINGHAM, lord High Admiral; Sir RO-
BERT CECIL, principal Secretary; and JOHN

HERBERT, second Secretary of State.

/

SIR JOHN DAVIS being demanded, how long
before my lord Essex* tumult he knew of such his
purpose?

He answers, that he knew not directly of any mean-
ing my lord had, until the Sunday seven-night before,
or thereabout.

Being demanded, what he knew ? Then he an-
swered, that my lord consulted to possess himself of
the court, at such convenient time when he might
find least opposition. For executing of which enter-
prises, and of other affairs, he appointed my lord of
Southampton, Sir Charles Davers, Sir Ferdinando
Gorge, and himself, to meet at Drury-house, and
there to consider of the same, and such other projects
as his lordship delivered them : and principally, for
surprising of the court, and for the taking of the Tower
of London. About which business they had two
meetings, which were five or six days before the in-
surrection.

He farther saith, that Sir Christopher Blunt was not



192 Confessions and other Evidences.

at this consultation, but that he stayed and advised
with my lord himself about other things to him un-
known : for that my lord trusted several men in se-
veral businesses, and not all together.

Being demanded, what was resolved in the opi-
nions of these four before named ? He saith, that Sir
Charles Davers was appointed to the presence-cham-
ber, and himself to the hall : and that my lord was to
determine himself, who should have guarded the court-
gate and the water-gate. And that Sir Charles Davers,
upon a signal or a watch-word, should have come out
of the presence into the guard-chamber ; and then
some out of the hall to have met him, and so have
stept between the guard and their halberds ; of which
guard they hoped to have found but a dozen, or some
such small number.

Being asked, whether he heard that such as my
lord misliked should have received any violence ? He
saith, that my lord avowed the contrary, and that my
lord said, he would call them to an honourable trial,
and not use the sword.

Being demanded, whether my lord thought his ene-
mies to be Spanish, bona t fide, or no ? He saith, that
he never heard any such speech ; and if my lord used
any such, it came into his head on the sudden.

Being demanded, what party my lord had in Lon-
don ? He saith, that the sheriff Smith was his hope, as
he thinketh.

Being demanded, whether my lord promised liberty
of catholic religion ? He said, that Sir Christopher
Blunt did give hope of it.

JOHN DAVIS*

Exam, per NOTTINGHAM,
Ro. CECIL,
J. HERBERT.



Confessions and other Evidences. 193

The confession of Sir CHARLES DAVERS, taken
the 18th of February, anno 1600, before Sir
THOMAS EGERTON, lord Keeper of the great
seal; the lord BUCKHURST, lord High Trea-
surer ; the earl of NOTTINGHAM, the lord
High Admiral; lord HUNSDON, lord Cham-
berlain; and Sir ROBERT CECIL, principal
Secretary.

HE confesseth, that before Christmas the earl of
Essex had bethought himself how he might secure his
access unto the queen in such sort as he might not be
resisted ; but no resolution determinately taken until
the coming up of this examinate a little after Christmas.

And then he doth confess, that the resolution was
taken to possess himself of the court; which resolution
was taken agreeably to certain articles, which the earl
of Essex did send to the earl of Southampton, this
examinate, Sir Ferdinando Gorge, and Sir John Davis,
written with the earl's own hand. To which consul-
tation, being held at Drury-house, some four or five
days before Sunday, that was the eighth of February,
Littleton came in towards the end.

The points which the earl of Essex projected under
his hand were these :

First, whether it were fit to take the Tower of Lon-
don. The reason whereof was this : that after the
court was possessed, it was necessary to give reputa-
tion to the action, by having such a place to bridle
the city, if there should be any mislike of their pos-
sessing the court.

To the possessing of the court, these circumstances
were considered :

First, the earl of Essex should have assembled all
the noblemen and gentlemen of quality on his party ^
out of which number he should have chosen so many
as should have possessed all the places of the court,,
where there might have been any likelihood of resist-
ance : which being done, the earl of Essex, with

VOL. III. O



194 Confessions and other Evidences.

divers noblemen, should have presented himself to the
queen.

The manner how it should have been executed, was
in this sort : Sir Christopher Blunt should have had
charge of the outer gate, as he thinketh. Sir Charles
Davers, this exanimate, with his company, should
have made good the presence, and should have seized
upon the halberds of the guard. Sir John Davis
should have taken charge of the hall. All this being
set, upon a signal given, the earl should have come
into the court with his company.

Being asked, what they would have done after? he
saith, They would have sent to have satisfied the city,
and have called a parliament.

These were the resolutions set down by the earl of
Essex of his own hand, after divers consultations.

He saith, Cuffe was ever of opinion, that the earl
of Essex should come in this sort to the court.

CHARLES DAVERS.
Exam, per THO. EGERTON, C. S.
THO. BUCKHURST,
NOTTINGHAM,
G. HUNSDON,
Ro. CECIL.

The second confession of Sir CHARLES DAVERS,
taken the same day, and set down upon farther
calling himself to remembrance, under his own
hand, before Sir THO. EGERTON, lord Keeper
of the great seal; lord BUCKHURST, lord High
Treasurer; the earl of NOTTINGHAM, lord
High Admiral; Sir ROBERT CECIL, princi-
pal Secretary.

SOME points of the articles which my lord of Essex
sent unto Drury-house, as near as I can remember, were
these; whether both the court and the Tower should
be both attempted at one time ? if both, what numbers
should be thought requisite for either? if the court alone,
what places should be first possessed? by what persons?



Confessions and other Evidences. 195

And for those which were not to come into the
court beforehand, where and in what sort they might
assemble themselves, with least suspicion, to come in
with my lord ?

Whether it were not fit for my lord, and some of
the principal persons, to be armed with privy coats ?

CHARLES DAVERS.

Knowledged in the presence of THO. EGERTON,C. S.

THO. BUCKHURST,
NOTTINGHAM,
ROBERT CECIL.

The first confession of Sir CHRISTOPHER BLUNT,
examined the 18th of February 1600, before
Jo. HERBERT, second Secretary of estate, and
in the presence of NIC. KEMPE, counsellor at
law, WILLIAM WAIMARKE, WILLIAM
MARTIN, ROBERT ANDREWS, citizens,
JOHN TREVOR, surveyor of the navy, and
THOMAS THORNEY, his surgeon.

HE confesseth that the earl of Essex sent Wiseman,
about the 20th of January, to visit his wife, with let-
ters of compliment, and to require him to come up
unto him to London, to settle his estate according as
he had written unto him before some few days.

Being demanded, to what end they went to the
city, to join with such strength as they hoped for
there ? he confesseth, that it was to secure the earl of
Essex his life, against such forces as should be sent
against him. And being asked, What, against the
queen's forces? he answered, That must have been
judged afterwards.

But being farther asked, whether he did advise to
come unto the court over night ? He saith, No ; for
Sir Ferdinando Gorge did assure, that the alarm was
taken of it at the court, and the guards doubled.

Being asked, whether he thought any prince could
have endured to have any subject make the city his
mediator ? or to gather force to speak for him ? He

o 2



Confessions and other Evidences.

saith, he is not read in stories of former times ? but ne
doth not know but that in former times subjects have
used force for their mediation.

Being asked, what should have been done by any
of the persons that should have been removed from
the queen ? He answered, that he never found my
lord disposed 10 shed blood ; but that any that should
have been found, should have had indifferent trial.

Being asked upon his conscience, whether the earl
of Essex did not give him comfort, that if he came to
authority, there should be a toleration for religion ?
He confessetb, he should have been to blame to have
denied it.

CHRISTOPHER BLUNT.

This was read unto Sir Christopher Blunt, and after-
wards signed by him in the presence of us who are
under written :

Jo- HERBERT, ROB. ANDREWS,

NIC.KEMPE, Jo. TREVOR,

WIL. WAIMARKE, TH. THORNEY.
WIL. MARTIN,

The second confession of Sir CHRISTOPHER
BLUNT the same day, viz. the 18th of Fe-
bruary; taken before Mr. JOHN HERBERT,
second Secretary of estate, and subscribed by
him in the' presence of NICHOLAS KEMPE,
counsellor at law, THOMAS THORNEY, his
surgeon, and WILLIAM MARTIN, ROBERT
ANDREWS, and RANDOLPH BULL, citizens.

- SIR CHRISTOPHER BLUNT, after the signing
1 of this confession, being told, that he did not deal
hi/hurt re. plainly, excused himself by his former weakness, put-
ting us in mind that he said once before, that when
he was able to speak, he would tell all truth, doth
now confess ; That four or five days before the earl of
Essex did rise, he did set down certain articles to be
considered on, which he saw not, until afterward he



Confessions and other Evidences. 197

was made acquainted with them, when they had
amongst themselves disputed : which were these.

One of them was, whether the Tower of London
should be taken ?

Another, whether they should not possess the court,
and so secure my lord, and other men, to come to the
queen ?

For the first concerning the Tower, he did not like
it; concluding, that he that had the power of the
queen, should have that.

He confessed! that upon Saturday night, when Mr.
Secretary Herbert had been with the earl, and that he
saw some suspicion was taken, he thought it in vain
to attempt the court, and persuaded him rather to save
himself by flight, than to engage himself farther, and
all his company. And so the resolution of the earl
grew to go into the city, in hope, as he said before,
to find many friends there.

He doth also say, that the earl did usually speak of
his purpose to alter the government.

CHRISTOPHER BLUNT.
Exam, per Jo. HERBERT.

Subscribed in the presence of

NIC. KEMPE, W. MARTIN,

THO. THORNEY, RANDOLPH BULL.
ROB. ANDREWS,

The Declaration of the lord Keeper, the earl of
WORCESTER, and the lord Chief Justice of
England.

UPON Sunday, being the 8th of February last past,
about ten of the clock in the forenoon, the lord Keeper
of the great seal, the earl of Worcester, Sir William
KnoUes, comptroller of her majesty's household, and
the lord Chief Justice of England, being commanded
by direction from the queen's majesty, did repair to
the late earl of Essex his house, and finding the gate
shut against them, after a little stay they were let in at
the wicket : and as soon as they were within the gate>



198 Confessions and other Evidences.

the wicket was shut upon them, and all their servants
kept out.

At their coming thither they found the court full of
men assembled together in very tumultuous sort; the
earls of Essex, Rutland, and Southampton, and the
lord Sandys, Mr. Parker, commonly called the lord
Montegle, Sir Christopher Blunt, Sir Charles Davers,
and many other knights and gentlemen, and other
persons unknown, which flocked together about the
lord Keeper, etc. And thereupon the lord Keeper
told the earl of Essex, that they were sent from her
majesty to understand the cause of this their assembly,
and to let them know, that if they had any particular
cause of grief against any persons whatsoever, it should
be heard, and they should have justice.

Hereupon the earl of Essex with a loud voice de-
clared, That his life was sought, and that he should
have been murdered in his bed; that he had been per-
fidiously dealt with; that his hand had been counter-
feited, and letters written in his name ; and that
therefore they were assembled there together to defend
their lives; with much other speech to like effect.
Hereupon the lord Chief Justice said unto the earl,
That if they had any such matter of grief, or if any such
matter were attempted or purposed against him, he
willed the earl to declare it, assuring him that it should
be truly related to her majesty, a'nd that it should be
indifferently heard, and justice should be done whom-
soever, it concerned.

To this the earl of Southampton objected the assault
made upon him by the lord Gray. Whereunto the
lord Chief Justice said, That in his case justice had
been done, and the party imprisoned for it. And
hereupon the lord Keeper did eftsoons will the earl of
Essex, that whatsoever private matter or offence he had
against any person whatsoever, if he would deliver it
inito them, they would faithfully and honestly deliver
it to the queen's majesty, and doubted not to procure
him honourable and equal justice, whomsoever it con-
cerned; requiring him, that if he would not declare it
openly, that he would impart it unto them privately,
and doubted not but they would satisfy him in it.



Confessions and other Evidences. 199

Upon this there was a great clamour raised among
the multitude, crying, " Away, my lord, they abuse
" you, they betray you, they undo you, you lose time."
'Whereupon the lord Keeper put on his hat, and said
with a loud voice, <c My lord, let us speak with you
" privately, and understand your griefs; and I com-
" mand you all upon your allegiance, to lay down
ec your weapons, and to depart, which you ought all
" to do, being thus commanded, if you be good sub-
" jects, and owe that duty to the queen's majesty
" which you profess." Whereupon they all brake
out into an exceeding loud shout and cry, crying,
All, all, all."*

And whilst the lord Keeper was speaking, and
commanding them upon their allegiance, as is before
declared, the earl of Essex, and the most part of that
company did put on their hats, and so the earl of
Essex went into the house, and the lord Keeper, etc.
followed him, thinking that his purpose had been to
speak with them privately, as they had required. And
as they were going, some of that disordered company
cried, " Kill them." And as they were going into
the great chamber, some cried, " Cast the great seal
" out at the window." Some other cried there,
" Kill them;" and some other said, " Nay, let us shop
" them up."

The lord Keeper did often call to the earl of Essex
to speak with them privately, thinking still that his
meaning had been so, until the earl brought them into
his back chamber, and there gave order to have the
farther door of that chamber shut fast. And at his
going forth out of that chamber, the" lord Keeper press-
ing again to have spoken with the earl of Essex, the
earl said, " My lords, be patient a while, and stay
" here, and 1 will go into London, and take order'
cc with the mayor and sheriffs for the city, and will be
^ here again within this half hour;" and so departed
from the lord Keeper, etc. leaving the lord Keeper, etc.
and divers of the gentlemen prisoners in that chambt r,
guarded by Sir John Davis, Francis Tresham, and
Owen Salisbury, with musquet shot, where they con-



Confessions and other Evidences.

tinued until Sir Ferdinando Gorge came and delivered
them about four of the clock in the afternoon.

In the mean time, we did often require Sir John
Davis, and Francis Tresham, to suffer us to depart, or
at the least to suffer some one of us to go to the queen's
majesty, to inform her where and in what sort we were
kept. But they answered, That my lord, meaning the
earl of Essex, had commanded that we should not de-
part before his return, which, they said, would be very
shortly.

THOMAS EGERTON, C. S.

EDWARD WORCESTER, JOHN POPHAM.

The examination of ROGER earl of RUTLAND,
the 12th of February 1600, taken before Sir
THOMAS EGERTON, lord Keeper of the great
seal; the lord BUCKHURST, lord High Trea-
surer; the earl of NOTTINGHAM, lord High
Admiral; Sir ROBERT CECIL, principal Se-
cretary ; and Sir Jo. POPHAM, lord Chief
Justice of England.

HE saith, that at his coming to Essex-house on
Sunday morning last, he found there with the earl of
Essex, the lord Sandys, and the lord Chandos, and di-
vers knights and gentlemen. And the earl of Essex
told this examinate, that his life was practised to be
taken away by the lord Cobham, and Sir Walter
Raleigh, when he was sent for to the council ; and the
earl said, that now he meant by the help of his friends
to defend himself: and saith, that the detaining of the
lord Keeper and the other lords sent to the earl from the
queen, was a stratagem of war: and saith, That the
earl of Essex told him that London stood for him, and
that sheriff Smith had given him intelligence, that he
would make as many men to assist him as he could ;
and further the earl of Essex said, that he meant to
possess himself of the city, the better to enable himself
to revenge him on his enemies, the lord Cobham, Sir
Robert Cecil, and Sir Walter Raleigh. And this ex-



Confessions and other Evidences. 201

aminate confesseth, That he resolved to live and die
with the earl of Essex; and that the earl of Essex did
intend to make his forces so strong, that her majesty
should not be able to resist him in the revenge of his
enemies. And saith, That the earl of Essex was most
inward with the earl of Southampton, Sir Christopher
Blunt, and others; who have of long time shewed
themselves discontented, and have advised the earl of
Essex to take other courses, and to stand upon his
guard: and saith, That when the earl of Essex was
talking with the lord Keeper, and other the lords sent
from her majesty, divers said, " My lord, they mean
" to abuse you, and you lose time." And when the
earl came to sheriff Smith's, he desired him to send for
the lord Mayor that he might speak with him; and as
the earl went in the streets of London, this examinate
said to divers of the citizens, that it they would needs
come, that it was better for their safety to come with
weapons in their hands : and saith, That the earl of
Essex, at the end of the street where sheriff Smith
dwelt, cried out to the citizens, that they did him
harm, for that they came naked ; and willed them to get
them weapons; and the earl of Essex also cried out to
the citizens, thar/ihe crown of England was offered to
be sold to the Infanta: and saith, That the earl burned
divers papers that were in a little casket, whereof one
was, as the earl said, an history of his troubles: and
saith, That when they were assaulted in Essex-house,
after their return, they first resolved to have made a
sally out ; and the earl said, that he was determined to
die ; and yet in the end they changed their opinion, and
yielded: and saith, That the earl of Southampton, Sir
Christopher Blunt, and Sir John Davis, advised the
earl of Essex, that the lord Keeper and his company
should be detained: and this examinate saith, That
he heard divers there present cry out, " Kill them, kill
them:" and saith, That he thinketh the earl of Essex
intended, that after he had possessed himself of the
city, he would intreat the lord Keeper and his company
to accompany him to the court. He saith, he heard
Sir Christopher Blunt say openly, in the presence of



202 Confessions and other Evidences.

the earl of Essex and 'others, how fearful, and in what
several humours they should find them at the court,
when they came thither.

RUTLAND.

Exam, per TH. EGERTON, C. S. Ro. CECIL,

T. BuCKKURSr, Jo. POPHAM.

NOTTINGHAM,

The confession of WILLIAM lord SANDYS, of
the parish of Sherborne-Cowdry in the county
of Southampton, taken this 16th of February,
1600, before Sir JOHN POPHAM, lord Chief
Justice; ROGER WILBRAHAM, master of the
Requests, and EDWARD COKE, her majesty's
Attorney-general.

HE saith, That he never understood that the earl
did mean to stand upon his strength till Sunday in the
morning, being the 8th of this instant February: and
saith, that in the morning of that day this examinate
was sent for by the earl of Essex about six or seven of
the clock; and the earl sent for him by his servant
Warburton, who was married to a widow in Hamp-
shire. And at his coming to the earl, there were six
or seven gentlemen with him, but remembereth not
what they were; and next after, of a nobleman, came
my lord Chandos, and after him came the earl of
Southampton, and presently after the earl of Rutland,
and after him Mr. Parker, commonly called the lord
Montegle: and saith, That at his coming to the earl
of Essex, he complained that it was practised by Sir
Walter Raleigh tou have murdered him as he should
have gone to the lord Treasurer's house with Mr. Se-
cretary Herbert. And saith, That he was present in
the court-yard of Essex-house, when the lord Keeper,
the earl of Worcester, Sir William Knolles, and the
lord Chief Justice, came from the queen's majesty .to
the earl of Essex; and the lord Chief Justice required
the earl of Essex to have some private conference with
him ; and that if any private wrongs were offered unto



Confessions and other Evidences. 203

him, that they would make true report thereof to her
majesty, who, no doubt, would reform the same : and
saith. That this examinate went with the earl, and the
rest of his company, to London to sheriff Smith's, but
went not into the house with him, but stayed in the
street awhile ; and being sent for by the earl of Essex,
went into the house, and from thence came with him
till he came to Ludgate; which place being guarded,
and resistance being made, and perceived by the earl
of Essex, he said unto his company, " Charge;" and
thereupon Sir Christopher Blunt, and others of his
company gave the charge, and being repulsed, and
this examinate hurt in the leg, the earl retired with
this examinate and others to his house called Essex-
house. And on his retire, the earl said to this exami-
nate, That if sheriff Smith did not his part, that his
part was as far forth as the earl's own; which moved
him to think that he trusted to the city. And when
the earl was, after his retire, in Essex-house, he took
an iron casket, and broke it open, and burnt divers
papers in it; whereof there was a book, as he taketh
it, and said, as he was burning of them, that they
should tell no tales to hurt his friends: and saith, that



Online LibraryFrancis BaconThe works of Francis Bacon, baron of Verulam, viscount St. Alban, and lord high chancellor of England (Volume 3) → online text (page 17 of 45)